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Full text of "The annals of the families of Caspar, Henry, Baltzer and George Spengler, who settled in York County, respectively, in 1729, 1732, 1732, and 1751. With biographical and historical sketches, and memorabilia of contemporaneous local events"

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Caspar, Denri?, Baltser 
anb (George SpcuGlcr, 



1729, 1732, 1732 AND 1751 : 



** ^B boast is not, tbat M DeOuce m^ birtb 
jFrom loins entbroncD, an& rulers of tbe eartb; 
JBut bigbcr far mg proui) pretensions rise— 
XTbe son of parents passeD into tbe sfties." 



Copyrighted 1896, 


All Rights Reserved. 


Printed by The York Daii^y Publishing Co., York, Pa. 


"Children's children are the crozvn of old men; and the glory of the children are 
their fathers^ Proverbs xviii. 6. 

THE vSocieties of the "Sons of the Revohition" and "Daugh- 
ters of the American Revohition" and kindred organiza- 
tions, were recently created to perpetuate the memory of 
the early days of the Republic, of the high aspirations 
that animated the colonists, and to cherish, honor and perpetuate 
the memories of ancestors who were engaged in the great struggle 
for American Independence. Incidentally, they have awakened 
and stimulated a desire to trace and discover forefathers, who 
would otherwise continue to sleep "uuthought of in obscurity," 
and inspired a hunger for knowledge of our early history, of the 
men who made it, and the institutions they developed. To these 
influences may be ascribed the genesis of this undertaking. 

The present scribe had no intention, at the outset, to construct a 
genealogical tree; but when extended record researches exploded 
all the varying traditions concerning the immigrant Spenglers, it 
was not deemed amiss to publish a correct genealogy. 

This self imposed task was soon discovered to be an herculean 
one, especially when sporadic intervals of leisure in an active and 
exacting law practice and other duties, could alone be devoted to 
the work. The stupendous amount of labor and research requisite 
in an inquiry so complex and a relationship so involved — often as 
difficult to understand and unravel as the horns treated of in the 
Revelation — can be estimated only by those who have attempted 
a similar work. The Spengler progenitors, as well as their des- 
cendants, were culpably indifferent to the preservation of family 
records to lighten the labors of the annalist, and important family 
events were deemed by them too trivial to chronicle. So little 
consideration was given to lineage, that among even the most in- 
telligent of the present day, save few, the names of ancestors be- 


iv Introductory. 

yond grandparents were not remembered. Hence arose at this 
late day the extreme difficulty of ancestral discovery and classi- 
fication, and the procuration of genealogical data and biographical 
material. Recorded and unrecorded deeds, patented titles, wills, 
administrations, orphans' court records, stray files of old York 
newspapers, (difiScult to discover), church records, (in German), 
gravestones, archives and foreign publications, had to be care- 
ful h- and laboriously examined and scrutinized, and the various 
results compared, digested and analyzed. In these investigations 
many visits to Lancaster, Harrisburg and Philadelphia also be- 
came necessary, and the public libraries of the principal eastern 
cities had to be explored. 

Even official records proved, in a few instances, to be misleading 
and erroneous ; — notably, the recital in a power of attorney, re- 
corded in Philadelphia, that Daniel Spengler, a son of Baltzer 
Spengler, Sr., died in his minority and without issue. The non- 
joinder of his heirs in the conveyance of valuable real estate on 
Market street in that city, inherited from their uncle George 
Spengler, may or may not seriously affect the title. 

The strange coincidence in the marriage of Daniel Spengler's 
widow to her cousin, a Hessian surgeon and prisoner of war, makes 
romance pale before the truth of history. 

In some cases it was found that traditions were entirely erron- 
eous, and were based more on enthusiasm than on proof, in faith 
rather than on facts. 

It is not the aim or spirit of this work to strain, tincture or per- 
vert the truth, to enhance the antiquity, dignity, or honors of the 
early Spengler families. The facts are proven by the records, 
which themselves import verity. Tradition goes far in advance 
of documentary evidence where a fancied origin or antiquity is 
the chief object; for in such case the family historian very often 
shows a superstitious reverence for family legends and traditions, 
without troubling himself much to ascertain upon what the facts 
rested. The present purpose is to purge lineage of all superfluous 
accretions and to lop off all legends, however time honored and 
picturesque, that cannot bear true historical tests. 

On the other hand this volume will disclose to many hundreds 
of Spengler descendants that they are the offspring of brave and 

Introductory. v 

heroic progenitors — a nobility founded on patriotism — and are 
eligible to membership in the American Revolutionary Societies 
— associations whose object is to recall the statesmen and soldiers 
of that glorious epoch, that their patriotism and self-denial in the 
cause of their country may be an incentive and example for com- 
ino; orenerations — societies that revere the memories of the great 
deeds of those who shed their blood that their children's children 
may never forget the value of the heritage which comes to them 
through so much of sacrifice and of death. 

The early Spenglers limited themselves to a few favorite Chris- 
tian names, such as John, Bernhard, Jonas and Rudolph — and thus 
were found four or five of each living about the same time and 
vicinity. To assign, from the records alone, each his proper posi- 
tion in the relationship required the most laborious analysis. The 
genealogies here given are in nearly every instance derived and 
supported by the records, the few exceptions being based upon 
evidence irrefragable. 

The names of the children — their name is Legion — of the now 
living herein given, are rather the exception than the rule, as 
otherwise the list would have become interminable. To continue 
the line will be an easy undertaking for the family chronicler of 
the future. The main purpose of the present work was to discover 
forgotten ancestors for the information of the living. 

The correspondence with the descendants — often very difficult 
to find — and others residing in distant sections of the country be- 
came quite extensive ; and, to their credit, answers responsive to 
often pertinacious inquiries were in nearly every instance punctu- 
ally given. 

At the beginning of these researches nothing was known of the 
Spenglers of Virginia and further South, nor had they knowledge 
of their Pennsylvania origin. The same may be said of many of 
the Spanglers of the West. This discovery was certainly a sur- 
prise and gratification not only to them but to the present scribe. 

At the expiration of five months (January 1895) of intermittent, 
yet arduous labor, the present scribe had not discovered the for- 
eign domicile of the S]3engler immigrants — a most cherished de- 
sire. It was then, by the sheerest accident, that he came across 
the credentials and passport of Henry Spengler (dated 1725-32) 


which disclosed the fact that he emigrated from the town of "Wey- 
ler under Steinsberg," in the Palatinate on the Rhine. Letters 
were immediately sent to the Burgomaster and the German Re- 
fonned pastor of Weyler. As there is no such town in the Palat- 
inate as now constituted, the letters were sent by the Palatinate 
postmasters to Steinberg, Alsace; and no Spenglers being found 
there, they were returned. The services of the U. S. Consuls at 
Mannheim and Nuremberg, and a specialist at Carlsruhe were then 
invoked, but they could not find the town. A trip to the Pratt 
Library in Baltimore revealed the fact that the Rhenish Palatinate 
in 1727-32, comprised territory on both sides of the Rhine, and 
that "Weyler under Steinsberg" is now located in the Grand 
Duchy of Baden. This revelation resulted in the ultimate discov- 
ery and employment of Rev. W. Fuchs, Pastor of Hilsbach-Weyler 
Parish, who constructed the Spengler second German Stammbaian 
or genealogical tree. It is needless to say that our many German 
cousins at Weyler and vicinity were more than delighted to hear 
from their American relations, of whom they never had any 
knowledge, for in the family the names of Caspar, George, Henry 
and Baltzer Spengler had perished from memory. 

The four original Spenglers, (heads of families), who emigrated 
from German}', and settled in York (then Lancaster) county, were 
Caspar Spengler, who arrived in Philadelphia in 1727, Henry 
vSpengler and Baltliasar (Baltzer) Spengler, his brothers, in 1732, 
and George Spengler, in 1751. The last was presumably a near 
relative of the others. With Henry and Baltzer also came, in 1732, 
their brother George, who remained and died without issue in 
Philadelphia in 1744. They were accompanied by their wives 
and children. Caspar settled in York County about 1729, and 
Henry and Baltzer in 1732. 

Peter Spengler, a younger brother, (born ]\Iay 19, 17 12), was 
presumably the Peter Spengler who, as shown by the Pennsyl- 
vania Archives, arrived in Philadelphia on the Ship Samuel, 
Hugh Percy, Master, December 3, 1740, "aged 26 years." In the 
age given by Peter, as stated in the Archives, there is a discrep- 
ancy of two years, but the same difference exists in the ages given, 
upon their arrival, by Henry and Baltzer. That this Peter was 
the youngest brother is corroborated by the following tradition: 

Introductory. vii 

Henry Spangler, aged 83 years, of Selma, Indiana, writes that 
Rudolph Spangler — now deceased, the father of the present scribe, 
told him when he was a young man, "that five Spengler brothers 
arrived at Philadelphia, and the youngest was never heard from." 

After the foregoing paragraph was written, the writer received 
a letter from Seth Spangler, aged 76 years, of Fort Smith, Arkan- 
sas, who is doubtless the great-grandson of Peter. He says that 
when he was a boy, his grandfather, Peter Spangler, Jr., told him 
that "his father arrived in Philadelphia between 1740 and 1760. 
He had run away from his home in Germany, and was without 
money. That upon his arrival in Philadelphia, he was sold by 
the Captain of the Ship that brought him over, to the highest 
bidder for his passage, and was bid off by a farmer who lived in 
the country. He worked out his time and continued to work un- 
til he had earned enough to buy for himself a tract of land in 
Berks County, Pennsylvania, in a neighborhood then known as 
Brushy Valley, where he raised a family of boys and girls. When 
the Revolutionary war broke out, he had two sons old enough to 
go into the army. On their return home, the youngest brother, 
was in such haste to greet his soldier brothers that he Sfot too 
close to one of the horses and was kicked over the left eye which 
left a permanent scar." After the war the family began to scatter. 
Peter, Jr., married a Barbara Cracen, and afterwards moved to 
Tuscarora County, Ohio, where he lived for many years, and had 
ten children. Upon the death of his wife, he married a second 
time and added nine more to the flock. In 1842 he moved to 
Arkansas, where he died about 1853. 

Jacob and Christopher (Stophel) Spengler who arrived in 
America in 1733, and settled in Berks County, Pa.; Michael Speng- 
ler, who arrived in 1737 and located in I^ebanon County, Pa.; and 
Christian Spengler, who arrived in 1749 and settled in Northamp- 
ton Coimty, Pa., as well as some other immigrant Spenglers of 
that period, were the descendants of Lazarus Spengler (not 
the contemporary of Martin Luther) with his first wife, Maria 
Lohserin, (nupt. 1579) of the 12th generation, as the genealogical 
tree, compiled from the Nuremberg Archives, most persuasively 
attests, (vide, "The Spengler Ancestry in Germany.") 

The original and correct spelling of "Spengler" was generally 

viii Introductory. 

adhered to by our forefathers during the first and second genera- 
tions. Afterwards "Spangler" was by unjustifiable usage substi- 
tuted, except as to the descendants of Col. Philip Spengler and 
Anthony Spengler, (grandsons of Caspar), of Virginia. 

Considerable space has also been given to the patriotic and 
valiant part taken by our York County ancestors in the American 
Revolution. Their example will go down through posterity as 
ever worthy of emulation. The Spenglers were not laggards in 
that great struggle, nor in the subsequent wars which enlarged 
and preserved this great Republic. 

The regrettable fact established in this volume is, that in the 
late civil war, the Spanglers of the North and South were, by rea- 
son of domicile, political education and environment, arrayed 
against each other, as their blood shed on many a battle field at- 
tests. All w^ere, however, as brave in action as they w^ere honest 
in conviction. By the decree of an All-wise Providence, this 
nation, dedicated to freedom, was not disrupted ; all are again fra- 
ternally and happily reunited ; for political intolerance and ignoble 
passion cannot coexist with the highest order of courage ; and 
those who fought so gallantly under the stars and bars, will, when 
duty demands, battle as valiantly for the stars and stripes. 

The present scribe's fortunate discovery of long lost muster rolls 
of thirty-live of the York County companies in the Revolutionary 
war, will prove profoundly interesting and edifying to all the 
descendents of these honored forebears. The unpublished Revolu- 
tionary correspondence, the diary of George Lewis Leffler, and the 
accounts of Ivieut.-Col. John Hay and other new matter, will also 
be instructive to the student of Revolutionar}- history. 

The illustrations of old-time scenes, incidents and events are 
from the writer's collection, and many have been incorporated in 
this work as much for their antiquity, scarcity and quaintness, as 
to illustrate the text. 

The historical portions of this work, involving an enormous 
amount of research and labor, principally found in the appendix, 
were introduced because it was believed that those who took sufti- 
cient interest to trace their progenitors, would naturally be in- 
spired with a thirst for knowledge of early personal and local his- 
tory, as more fully stated in the introduction to the appendix. 

Introductory. ix 

The criticisms that may be passed upon this effort may be gen- 
erous or just. The work is as good as the writer's limited time 
and gifts would allow. And yet he feels that his labors have not 
been entirely in vain. In the genesis of his task he knew not the 
name of his great-grandfather ; its culmination was the tracing of 
the Spengler family to George Spengler, Cupbearer to the Bishop 
of Wurtzburg, born about 1150. He and his Bishop accom- 
panied the Emperor Barbarossa on a Crusade to the Holy 
Land, 11 89, were stricken down by the plague, and buried in the 
Church of St. Peter, Antioch, 11 90. Less than a dozen of the four 
hundred barons of the British House of Lords date back to 1400 
genealogically, the earliest being 1264. The Campbells of Argyle, 
to whom belong the present Duke of Argyle, began in 11 90. The 
oldest family of the British Isles is the ]\Iar family of Scotland, 
1093. The Colonnas of Rome cannot prove anything beyond 
HOC, nor the Orsinis earlier than 11 90. There is, however, one 
gentleman, when it comes to pedigree, to whom the writer and all 
other genealogists must take off their hats, not ^?, facile princeps or 
primus inter pares^ but as the great and only nonesuch. This gen- 
tleman is the jNIikado of Japan. His place is hereditary, and it 
has been filled by members of his family for more than 2500 years, 
he being the 122nd of his line. The founder of it was contem- 
porary with Nebuchadnezzar, 660 B. C. 

The annals of a family are not intended for external scrutiny ; 
to the members alone, whatever the defects, they should be inter- 
esting and sacred. As a literary production, no merit for this 
work is claimed ; it was hastily written and amid continuous and 
most exasperating interruptions. As a genealogy, he prays the 
considerate judgment of those for whom he has discovered progen- 
itors, many of whom do not now live even in tradition. The 
amount to be realized on the sale of this book will not liquidate 
the actual expenses incurred. For laborious and exacting services, 
gratuitously rendered in its compilation, he craves only that com- 
pensation which those who cherish the memory of their ancestors 
will sooner or later give. To venerate ancestors, however humble 
their origin or station, is an obligation plainl}- dictated by piety. 
They who are indifferent as to their origin will likely be careless 
of their destiny. The present is but the renaissance of ancestral 


List of Illustrations. 

Evolution of the Fire Engine, 1615, 

1730 362 

Evolution of the Fire Engine, 1733, 

1850 374 

Evolution of the Fire Engine, 1790, 

1830, 186 382 

Hon. James Smith 390 

Col. Thomas and Catharine Hartley. 396 

Battle of Bunker Hill 403 

Surrender of Lord Cornwallis 412 

Fac-Simile of Muster Roll of the 4th 
Company of York, in the Revo- 
lution 416, 417 

Continental Militia at Drill 436 

Muster Roll of Capt. Rudolf Speng- 

ler's Company, 1776 444 

Gen. Henry Miller 452 

Old Court House Square, York 464 

Market Street, York, 1830 464 

Court House Square, York, 1820. . . 472 

Centre Square, York, 1896 472 

Battle Monument, Baltimore 478 

Defeat of Gen. Braddock 482 

A Charge Against the Indians 488 

Death of General Butler 491 

Gen. Taylor in Mexico 492 

The Stage Coach of Old 494 

Markets, Centre Square, York, 1843- 

1887 494 

Figure of Justice in Old Court House 496 
Peoples Line of Cars and Stages, 1836 500 

Primitive Coal Train 500 

Capture of Major Andre 505 

Battle of Bunker's Hill 512 

West Market Street, York, 1801 522 

East " " " 1896 522 

Battle of Lexington 539 

Continental Congress at York, 1777-8 540 
West Market Street, York, West of 

Water, 1830 552 

West Market Street, York, East of 

Newberry, 1842 552 

Coming to Town to Marry of Old 562 

Camp Lafayette, York, 1S41 564 

Hon. Thaddeus Stevens 568 

Revolt of the Pennsylvania Line at 

York, 1781 571 

African Slavery 576 

United States Slave Trade, 1830 577 

York Pennsylvania Rifle, 1841 580 

York, Pennsylvania, 1850 584 


On page 26, "Jonas Spangler died in Washington Township," read "Warrington 
Township. ' ' 

On page 27, "Elizabeth Hubley," read "Sarah Hubley." 

On page 48, add Eva, daughter of Jacob and Catherine Wiest, born May 30, 1767. 

On page 58, add Anna Maria, daughter of Henry and Judith Rudisill, born June 
8, 1785. 

On page 86, the universally accepted tradition that Johann Daniel Dinkel died 
in Germany, is erroneous. He died in York, Pa., 1755. His will, quite recently 
discovered by the writer, was written, signed and witnessed in York, dated April 
6, 1754, probated November 7, 1755. It showed that he had six children, includ- 
ing a son, Daniel. Not belonging to the Spangler family, the tradition was not 
verified by the records. 

On 138, "Appendix notes 16, 17," read, "pages 16, 17." 

On page 201, add after 3d line, Meineke Edward Schmidt, died July 20, 1833, 
aged II months. 

On page 210, "Margaret Hinkle," read, "Margaret Henkel." 

On page 397, "First Division," read, "Fifth Division." 

On page 400, add Catherine Hartley, born May 24, 1750. 

On page 401, "September 6, 1896," read, "November 19, 1896." 


IN the compilation of that portion of the snbjoined German 
genealogy, antedating the advent of Hans Rudolf Spengler 
of Weiler, the present scribe encountered difficulties almost 
insuperable. Not being able to make personal researches of 
European Archives, he had to rely on the genealogical information 
vouchsafed by the United States Consuls, the Spengler descend- 
ants residing at Kiel, German)- ; Zeist, Holland ; St. Gall and 
Luzerne, Switzerland,' and the immediate kin of Weiler under 
Steinsberg, Baden. At certain links in the line the various state- 
ments furnished were at first bewildering, and in a few instances 
almost irreconcilable. For instance, the " unknown author " in 
the Nuremberg records states that Hans Spengler, born in 1491, 
died 1545, was one of the sons of George Spengler and Agnes 
Ulnier (German plural, Ulmerin), whereas this Hans does not 
appear among the names of the children of George Spengler and 
Agnes Ulmer in the genealogical tree compiled from the Nurem- 
berg Archives proper. 

Riestap in his Armorial General (Holland edition) says that this 
Hans was the son of Hans, son of Peter Spengler, who had three 
sons. These variances, more apparent than real, are possibly the 
result of carelessness in transcription, errors of translation, or 
accruing from the multiplicity of issue, as in the case of George 
and Agnes Spengler, — the genealogical table showing twenty-one. 
They are more probably due to the confusion arising out of double 
christian names, so generally prevalent after the Reformation. 
The Spenglers were generally known only by one praenomen, and 
by the abandonment of the other, variations in the archives at 
different periods could very readily occur. For instance, the four 
sons of Hans Rudolf Spengler, who emigrated to America, were 

'App. Note I. 


Caspar, George, Henry and Baltzer Spengler, and snch were their 
signatures ; whereas they were baptized as Hans Kaspar, Hans 
George, Jorg Heinrich and Johan Balthasar, and they so appear in 
the Weiler records. 

While there is an apparent conflict in the christian names in 
several links in the line, there can be no doubt of their descent 
from the commo'n ancestor, George Spengler. The Holland Van 
Spenglers, the founder of whose branch was Johan Spengler, of the 
Nuremberg tree, have been lineally traced by Riestap from the 
common origin, George Spengler. 

The Spengler Arms. 

According to Siebmacher's Wappenbuch and Riestap's Armorial 
General the ancient Nuremberg Spengler arms were : Gules, a 
beaker argent on a trimount or ; in other words, " A red shield 
emblazoned with a silver beaker resting on three golden hills." 
The beaker or covered cup, emblematized the office of Cupbearer 
held by George Spengler in the service of the Bishop of Wiirtz- 
burg, 1 189. The Spengler Arms, with later augmentations, are : 
Gules, an eagle displayed sable, a beaker argent, on a trimount or, 
accosted with four estoilees or. Crest : a Bishop's bust proper. 
The arms of some of the descendant branches, having been subse- 
quently conferred and for personal and independent service, differ 
from the above. 

Of the various Spengler families of Europe, eleven, all belonging 
to the Nuremberg family, were ennobled — quite a respectable 
number of one name to attain such eminence. The titles of 
nobility were conferred by reason of heroic, cliivalrous or other 
meritorious service rendered in the domain of human achieve- 

The Origin Supported by Tradition. 

In a letter to the writer from Mrs. Laura M. Dakin, of New 
York City, a daughter of the late Charles Spangler, of Hagers- 
town, Md., who was a great-grand-son of Baltzer Spengler, Sr., 
occurs the following : 

"After my marriage I boarded at Harrisburg. Pa. Mrs. Susan S. DeWitt, a 
daughter of Gen. Jacob Spangler, called on me, and tracing back, mentioned some 



entirely German Christian names ; but I forgot those names, one I think was 
Rudolf — When I saw my father again and told him, he said I was right. Mrs. 
Dewitt said our ancestors came from Bavaria— were driven out of Bavaria in the 17th 
century for opposition to the Roman Catholics. She had heir-looms, said they 
had divided them up among them at home. She had two very high-backed chairs, 
dark with age — they looked like bishop's or ecclesiastical chairs of our ancestors — 
that they were noble men and sat near the throne. This corroborated just what 
my father used to tell his children — I was one — that we came from the ' royal 
Spenglers ' of York. Mrs. DeWitt also had portraits — oil paintings of the ances- 
tors — two only I recollect, men, and in them I saw the strong family likeness my 
father bore to them — the rather small symmetrical head, square forehead, sharp, 
brown eyes, with clear steady glance, length of features, firm chin — all were 

We all have an innate conviction that there is something 
pleasant in knowing that we come of good stock, and while a 
noble lineage is a thing to be proud of, and should work no dis- 
advantage, yet we weigh the man, not his title. The Spenglers 
who settled in York county were noble by conduct and action, the 
only type of nobility recognized in America. Strong, courageous, 
indomitable, and spurning a conversion which was to be effected 
by fire and sword, they fled from their homes, braved the perils of 
a tempestuous sea, conquered the forests, and contributed their full 
share in the establishment of the Empire of Universal Freedom in 
the West. 

George Spengler, The Common Ancestor. 

The first of the family of Spengler who achieved fame was 
George Spengler, Cupbearer to the Prince-Bishop of the 
ecclesiastical principality of Wiirtzburg, Godfrey of Piesenburg, 
who was also Chancellor to the Emperor Frederick Barbarossa. 

This Bishop and his Cupbearer accompanied the Emperor on 
his crusade to the Holy Land. The Emperor was drowned 1190 
in the Syrian river, Calycadnus, while trying to urge his horse 
across the stream. His camp was then immediately removed to 
Antioch, where he was provisionally buried. 

The Bishop and his Cupbearer died soon afterwards. They 
were carried off by that dreadful scourge, the plague, which 
afiiicted the crusaders, and were buried in the Church of St. Peter 
at Antioch. Of those whom the Emperor had brought across the 
Bosphorus, not a tenth, it is said, reached Antioch. 

Since then the genealogy runs regularly. 



Cupbearer to the Bishop of WiJrzburg, was born 
about 1 150 and died 11 90. His son was also named, 


who lived at Winsbach, in the Margravate of 
Winsbach, in the year 1230. From his marriage 
with a Redtlinger, sprang 


who lived in 1270. He resided at Kutzendorff, and 
was married to ]\Iargaretha (xaumy. They had a son 
also named, 


living in 1302, who married a \'on Rosenbusch. Of 
their four sons, 

continued the line. He had a residence at Elbers- 
dorff, near Winsbach, and married Catherina von 
der Ansach, and had three sons, one of whom was 


who was twice married. ( Johan Spengler, an officer 
in the Palatinate army, who entered the Netlierland 
army in 1640, and founded the Holland branch of 
Van Spenglers, was a descendant of this Hans.) 
From Hans' second marriage with Christina Westen- 
dorff sprang a son, 

of Donauworth, Franconia (Franken), who settled 
in Nuremberg 1476 and died December 15th, 1527. 
His son, 



was Clerk of the Council of Nuremberg, and died in 
1496. He married Agnes Ulmer 1468, who died 
1505. Among their children was a son, 


born 1480, died 1529. (He was a brother of the 
famous Lazarus Spengler,' the coadjutor of Martin 
Luther). He, George, was married to Juliana 
Tucherin 15 16. Their son, 


was born 1517 and died 1565. Among his numerous 
offspring were Philip Jacob Spengler, born May 
3. 1556, and 

"Procurator" in Nuremberg, born 1552, died 1618. 
His second wife was Bertrand Geroldin, whom he 
married in 1593. Among their children were Hans 
George, Anna Maria and Margaretha, familiar names 
among the descendants, and 


born 1594. He left his native land during the 
"Thirty Years War" 1618-1648, and according to 
the opinion expressed by our cousins in Germany, 
was exiled on account of his Protestant faith. He 
settled in Switzerland. His son, 

became a citizen of Schoftland, Canton Berne, (now 
Aargau) Switzerland. His son, 


emigrated to " Weyler (Weiler) under Steinsberg," 
near Sinsheim, on the Elsenz, Rhenish Palatinate, 
now in the Grand Duchy of Baden. He married 

'App. Note 2. » 


July 1 6, i6p^, Judith, daughter of Jacob Haegis, 
deceased, of Beisassen, at Sinsheim. His second 
marriage in i6£9, was with Marie Saeger, of 
Duehren, near Sinsheim. 



Children were : 

1. Johannes Spengler, born September 14, 1679. 

2. Anna Margaret Spengler, born March 5, 


3. Hans Kaspar Spengler, born January 20, 

1684. Married Judith, adopted daughter of 
Martin Ziegler, February 9, 171 2 ; emigrated 
to America in 1727, and settled in Yoik 
County, Pennsylvania, 1729. 

4. Anna Spengler, born March 3, 1686. 

5. Anna Maria Spengler, born May 28, 1693, 

wife of Joh. Bernhard Brenneisen of Reihen, 
near Sinsheim. 

6. Rudolph Spengler, born September 24, 1696. 

7. Jacob Spengler, born September 22, 1698. 

8. Hans George Spengler, born February 2, 

1701, married Katherine Laub ; emigrated to 
America in 1732, and died, without issue, in 
Philadelphia, in 1744. 

9. Joh. Henry Spengler, born July i, 1703. 

10. JoRG Heinrich Spengler, born June 8, 1704, 

married Susanne Miiller, January 17, 1730; 
emigrated to America 1732, and settled in 
York County, Pennsylvania, 1732. 

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7th generation. 

THE ^' 




11. JOH. Balthasar Spengler, born November 

29, 1706. Married April 29, 1732, Magdelena 
Ritter ; emigrated to America in 1732, and 
settled in York County, Pennsylvania, 1732. 

12. Anna Elizabeth, wife of Martie Moser, of 

Rohrbach, born March 19, 17 10. 

13. Peter Spengler, born May 19, 17 12; emi- 

grated to America in 1740, arrived in Phila- 
delphia, and was never heard from. 

All the children, except Nos. 3, 8, 10, 11 and 13, above named, 
remained in Germany, and three left to survive them children 
with numerous descendants, many of whom now reside at the 
ancestral home, Weiler, and at the adjoining town of Hilsbach. 
Accompanying the family tree, made by Pastor W. Fuchs, of 
Hilsbach, came the following letter : 


Hilsbach, District Sinsheim, Baden, 
March 20, 1895. 
Mr. E. W. Spangler. 

Respected Sir : — As per your request of January 5, I have the honor to submit 
the following report, concerning your ancestors in the pastorate of Weiler, as also 
of the present extension of the family Spengler- Weiler-Hilsbach. 

About the former ancestors of the family in Schefflanden there is, as the letter 
from SchofiFtland states, at present nothing can be ascertained ; still, the qiiestion 
arises, may there not be other " Schefflanden " in Switzerland ? Should you desire 
to make further inquiries a letter to your relatives in Weiler (a St. ) would no 
doubt result in obtaining the desired information. 

Your ancestral home lies midway near the railroad line between Heidelberg and 
Heilbronn, District Sinsheim, whence you can reach (in i hour) Steinsberg, on 
the summit of which Weiler is situated. Steinsberg is visited daily by many 
strangers, especially antiquarians, from far and near, mostly in the summer 
season. From the enclosed description you may get a good impression of the 
same. The present population comprises 630 Evangelicals, ( Protestants), 317 
Catholics, and 20 Jews. 

Weiler is in the parish (pastorate) of Hilsbach, distant 25 "minutes," and the 
pastor at Hilsbach conducts services there each Sunday and Holyday. The youth 
of the community is instructed in the common (public) school, taught by a 
Protestgnt principal and a Catholic assistant (as also by the pastor). The 
Protestants in the community are sacredly loyal to their Prince and overflow with 
enthusiasm for Kaiser and Kingdom. 


As shown in enclosed program, there will this month be presented here a play 
by local talent in an improvised theatre; entitled " Gustavus Adolphus." I 
witnessed the performance yesterday evening. It was attended by about 250 
persons from Si nsheim, Ilil.sbach, &c. The leading part, -'Gustavus Adolphus," 
was personated b}- Martin Spengler (born December 2, 1.S54), who possesses 
ample dramatic talent to represent that great historical })erson, and elicited the 
wonder and admiration of all who were present. 

Concerning the character, (standing, &c. ) of the three branches of the 
Spengler-Weiler-Hilsbach family, I can conscientiously testify that during my 
pastoral labors of 25 years in this community, aij^ of the inhabitant-i of this name 
have been, without a single exception, honorable citizens. As to their personal 
effects (property), their po.ssessions are moderate, yet all enjoy comfort, being 
frugal and industrious. 

The oldest members of the family are : 

1. Peter Spengler, in Hilsbach. 

2. Martin Spengler, a man greatly beloved by his pastor. 

3. Two daughters of Jh. Gg. Spengler, deceased, ( Jh. Gg. Sp. died inWeiler, 

July 10, 1873); are both married in Weiler : 

(a.) Johanna, wife of Joh. Jacob Hildenbrand, in Weiler whose 

daughter, Margaretha, is married to Martin Spengler, person- 

ator of " Gustavus Adolphus." 
(b, ) Eva Juliana, married to Church Warden Refirr. 

4. There still reside in Hilsbach two sisters of Peter and Martin Spengler : 

(a. ) Franziska Lang (born Spengler), aged 66'4 years. 
(b. ) Katharine Widder (born Spengler), aged 6j]4 years. 
The inhabitants of Weiler are mainly occupied in hu.sbandry, cattle rai.sing,' 
extensive fruit and wine culture; wheat, barley, tobacco, sugar beets, potatoes, 
chicory, hemp, &c. 

The Ev. ( Prot. ) congregation has little property, and meets its expenses for 
salary, &c. , from assessments on the Ev. community. Last fall the inside was 
repaired and renovated and a new organ will be placed in position next April, 
which means additional a.ssessments during the next four years. 

I .submit this information in the hope that it will prove satisfactory, in aiding 
you to find the original ancestors and all your relatives. 

The statement on my part, to members of the Spengler family that a descendant 
and relative of theirs in America has written to me caused general joy, and I am 
requested to convey to you the kindest regards and good wishes of the three 
branches of the Spengler family. 

With heartiest greetings tVom the home of your ancestors, 

I remain sincerely yours, 

W. FUCHS, Pastor. ■ 

The following letter from Martin Spengler is presumably the 
first that came from our German kinsmen to America for 160 
years. How these kinsmen were discovered, see preface, title 
Henry Spangler, and the foreign correspondence with United 
States Consuls and others' : 

i.\pp. Note I. 


Wkiler near Sinsheim on The e;i,SEnz, Baden, Germany, 

May 19th, 1895. 
Most Esteemed Cousin, 

e. w. 

Already in the month of February of the present year, Pastor Fuchs informed us 
that he had received a communication from a certain Spengler in America, who 
desired to obtain full information relative to the Spengler family in Weiler, from 
which he was descended. 

Thereupon Pastor Fuchs, as he told us, instituted a most thorough search, the 
result of which he transmitted to you, dear cousin. To the great delight of us all, 
you now also have so kindly remembered the dear home of your ancestors bj' 
sending I25.00 to help our Evangelical Church— Evangelical as opposed to Roman 
Catholic — to defray expenses for an organ that to-day was solemly dedicated to its 
sacred use. Therefore I feel constiained to express to you my mother's, my 
brother's and all the relatives, and also my own most heartfelt lasting gratitude 
for this noble deed, by which you have imprinted on the whole Spengler family, 
the stamp of true Evangelical charity. Your picture, handed to us by Pastor 
Fuchs, is in the possession of my mother, she being the head of the Spengler 
family, and all the friends and relatives have already taken a good look at it in the 
fond expectation of soon seeing you in person, since you have kindly given us 
reason to expect an early visit from you. You may rest assured, dear cousin, that 
we will do all in our power to render your stay among us as pleasant as possible. 

As soon as circumstances will permit, we will have our photographs taken and 
send them to you, hoping, however, that before this can be done you will find it 
possible, in accordance with your wish, to see us here in Weiler. 

My youngest brother, Wilhelm, at Schaflfhausen, Switzerland, has been requested 
by me to do his utmost in trying to find out more about our Spengler family in 
Bern, Stein, and SchefFenlanden, Switzerland. 

Hoping to enjoy your continued friendship, you and all the rest of the Spengler 
cousins in America may henceforth feel assured of our love and friendship. 

With kindest regards and friendship from my mother, brothers and sisters, 9>nd 
the other relatives to you all, I remain yours, 


WeiI/ER, Baden, July 14, 1895. 
Dear Cousin: — 

For several weeks past I am in receipt of your welcome letter; a letter which no 
doubt is the first one in a centuiy and a half from America to establish anew the 
ties of friendship between the two branches of the Spengler family separated by 
the ocean. 

For some time I have been waiting from my brother Wilhelm in Switzerland, to 
find out whether he did not learn any further particulars. Meanwhile Rev. Fuchs 
has informed me that he received a letter from the minister in Schoeftland, (Switz- 
erland), informing him that the Spengler family in Schoeftland no longer existed, 
in fact had been extinct long since; also, that the records in Switzerland up to 
1876 were not in the hands of the ministers, but in the hands of the civil authori- 
ties, and although repeated inquiries had been made of them, no answer had as 
yet been received. The little trouble connected with the research seems to be too 


much lor them. Nevertheless, we shall continue our endeavors to find out the 
origin of our family. Hoping soon to be able to send you more particulars, I, in 
the name of all German kinsmen, send you and all the Spengler relatives in 
America our best wishes for your continued health, and hoping for an early an- 
swer, I remain with special greetings from my mother and brothers. 

Yours truly, 

Martin Spengi,er. 

Weiler, Baden, August 17, 1895. 
Dear Cousin: — 

Your welcome letters dated June 27th and July 26th a. c. came duly to hand, the 
first one exactly two days after I had mailed you my last letter of July I4lh. 

In compliance v;ith your wish I have now engaged a photographer from Neclcar- 
gemund to photograph the house in which those four brothers were born, which 
as to its exterior forms or parts in all probability still stands unchanged, also the 
church and at least one or two other buildings of which it is certain they were 
already standing about the year 1600, and in which those brothers very likely 
passed in and out. As soon as I shall have received these pictures, I shall send 
them to you and also let you know the charges for same which, as the photographer 
informs me, will be very modest. I regret, however, very much that of the head 
of the family and his wife no pictures can be found. 

To let 3'ou know whether Peter Spengler emigrated to America, I mus": first con- 
fer with Rev. Fuchs. I expect that from his book it can be learned whether he 
(P. Sp. ) emigrated or not. 

By my brother Wilhelm in Switzerland, I have been informed that the investi- 
gations in Schefflanden were without any results. I now propose to communicate 
by letter with the officials of that place in order to find out whether about the time 
1 640-1 680 a Jacob Spengler had been living there and whether it is possible to 
ascertain whence he came. 

Whether we are descended from the Nuremberg Spengler, I am also unable to 
state, I regret to say; yet this might be possible, for Rev. Fuchs told me when he 
first began his investigation that in the year 1658, a certain Henry Spengler was 
married here in Weiler. Also concerning this matter I shall inquire more fully of 
Rev. Fuchs, for I do not know the place whence he came, bat iu the records of 
Rev. Fuchs, it is given and also stated that the name of the father of this Henry 
Specgler was Lazarus Spengler and that his mother's maiden name was Luther; 
but Rev. Fuchs was unable to find any descendants of this Henry and could find 
only such of Hans Rudolf Spengler; I suppose however, that this Hans Rudolf 
was a near relative of Henry; still definitive information was as yet not obtain- 
able. In all probability the Spenglers originally came from Franken, (Franconia) 
(Nuremberg district) and very likely in consequence of the Thirty Years War 
1618-1648, which especially in those parts left its traces behind, they, for the sake 
of their evangelical faith, emigrated to Switzerland. 

Hoping now that you will receive my letter in the best of health, I remain 
with many kind greetings from my mother, sister and brothers and all their rela- 
tives to you and the kindred in America. 

Sincerely your cousin, 

Martin Spengi,er. 


Weii,ER, Baden, August 29, 1S95. 
Dearest Cousin:— 
i Enclosed I transmit to you three protographs, marked and numbered as follows: 
>-' - No. I is the house in which the four brothers who emigrated to America were born. 
M n front of the house there are several persons standing, as also a wagon drawn by 
■^ ^ wo cows that just happened to pass by. For a long time the house has not been 
iS? inhabited any more by a Spengler; at present, however, a step-sister of my father 
I ^ (Eva Juliana) is living in the second story. 
^^ No. 2 is the church which stands just across the street a little to the right from 

the house, No. i. 
^s No. 3 are the ruins of Castle Steinsberg about 360 meters above the level of the 
^ sea. The octagonal tower is surrounded by three walls and is 33 meters high. 
From Weiler one can easily walk to the caslle in five minutes. The castle is the 
property of baron von Venningen in Munchen (IMiinich). In clear vveather one 
can have a splendid view from the castle over the whole region, there being no 
high mountain in the immediate vicinity. By the time you will receive these 
pictures, I suppose we will be celebrating on the Steinsberg at the soldier's monu- 
ment the Sedan festival (capture of Napoleon III. ) and also the birthday of the 
Grand Duke, September 8th. The monument you will see on the picture to the 
left, between the ruins and the tall linden. 

Regarding the matter mentioned in my letter of August 17th I hope soon to be 
able to give more detailed information. Wishing that the enclosed pictures may 
awaken in you genuine pleasure and give complete satisfaction, I remain with 
many greetings from mother, sisters and brothers, your very obedient cousin. 

Martin Spengler, 

Spengler Immigrants, 1727-1774. 

J The Colonial Records, Pennsylvania Archives and the work of I. 
j^.Daniel Rupp containing 30,000 names of Pennsylvania immigrants, 
s give the following persons of the name of Spengler who landed in 
t Philadelphia from 1727 to 1774. They all sailed from Rotterdam, 
' save George Christian Spengler, who embarked at Amsterdam. 
Nearly all the original lists are in the possession of the Com- 
monwealth, but have been badly mutilated by searchers for untold 
fortunes. In some few cases, the entire list of ship's passengers is 
preserved with the ages of all. Originally these were furnished 
the proper authorities, but unfortunately one by one they have 
been abstracted. 
^ Mr. Rupp prints the following letter to him from the author and 
poet, the Rev. Henry Harbaugh, D. D., a maternal relative of the 
writer, written in 1856: 
ERs "This collection will place in the hands of subscribers the means of tracing their 
ancestors, which must be a great satisfaction to all who have not, under false train- 



William and Sarah, 



Pink Mary, 

ing, grown indifferent to their earthly origin. We are among those who believe 
that any who care not about their earthly origin, care little as to anything higher." 

Landed at 
Sept. i8, 1727. 
Aug. 17, 1731. 
Oct. II, 1732. 
Oct. II, 1732. 
Oct. II, 1732, 
Sept. 29, 1733. 
Sept. 29, 1733. 
Sept. 29, 1733. 
Samuel, Hugh Percy, Aug. 30, 1737. 

" " " Dec. 3, 1740. 

Dragon, George Spencer, Sept. 26, 1749. 

Jacob, Adolph De Grove, Oct. 2, 1749. 

Edinburg, James Russell, Aug. 13, 1750. 

St. Andrew, James Abercombie,Sept. 14, 1751. 

" " " " Sept. 14, 1751. 

Ann Galley, Charles Henneway, Sept. 23, 1752. 

Richmond, Chas. Younghusband.Oct. 20, 1754. 

" " " Oct. 20, 1754. 

Union, Andrew Bryson, Sept. 30, 1774. 


Hans K a spar Spengler, 
Johannes Spengler, 
Hans George Spengler, 
Jorg Hcnrich Spengler, 
Joh. BaUhasar Spengler, 
Jacob Spengler, 
Stophel Spengler, 
Maria Elizabeth Spengler, 
Michael Spengler, 
Peter Spengler, 
Johan Henrich Spengler, 
George Christian Spengler, 
Peter Spengler, 
Michael Spengler, 
Ha.7is George Spengler, 
Peter Spengler, 
Johannes Spengler, 
Wilhelm Spengler, 
Yost Spengler, 


Wm. Hill, 
Hugh Percy, 
J. Morris, 

James Benn, 



The PAI.ATINE Reformers. 

ILLIAM PENN'S mother had been a member of the 
Reformed Church in Holland, and he had studied at 
one of the Reformed Universities of Saumur, in 
France, 1662-63. A few years before obtaining his 
charter, he visited the portion of Europe from which the greater 
part of the York County Germans emigrated — the Palatinate on 
the Rhine. He sympathized with the Swiss and Palatine Re- 
formers, and invited them to settle in his Province in North Am- 
erica, thus making Pennsylvania the birth place of the German 
Reformed Church of the United States. Upon the revocation of 
the Edict of Nantes, 500,000 Huguenots fled from France, of which 
number 60,000 emigrated to Germany, an important addition to 
the German Reformed Church with which they organized. They 
were important, not only for the number, but also for their influ- 
ence. Many of them were nobles, most of them were artisans and 

The French Marauders. 

In the latter part of the Seventeenth Century the fertile lands 
of the Palatinate were made the scene of devastation, spoliation 
and ruin. Uouis XIV. suddently precipitated eighty thousand 
troops on these people within the short period of seven weeks, and 
changed that Paradise into a desert. Heidelberg, Mannheim and 
Worms were looted and partly burned, twelve hundred villages 
were razed to the ground and 40,000 inhabitants robbed of all they 
had. For example, during the last night of a French commander's 


stay in one of these towns, he caused it to be so completely and 
methodically plundered, that he had himself nothing but straw to 
sleep on ; and the next day this bedding was employed in setting 
fire to the town, which was presently reduced to ashes. Since the 
day of the Huns, Europe beheld no such devastation. The Em- 
peror of Germany who should have protected the Palatinate, had 
his hands full with the Turks just then, and could do nothing to 
help them. 

Prior to the peace of Ryswick (1697) and the succeeding peace of 
Utrecht (17 13) the people were denied every opportunity to recover. 
Congregations had to worship in the open air, and tliousands 
were compelled to flee from their homes. The district of Sinsheim, 
in which the Spenglers resided, was scourged and devastated. In 
1674 Turenne invaded it, the German forces being under the com- 
mand of the Duke of Lorraine. In 1689 the city of Sinsheim was 
utterly destroyed by the French and the inhabitants exiled. Im- 
mense multitudes went down the Rhine. They arrived at Holland, 
many utterly destitute, and encamped by thousands in the envir- 
ons of Amsterdam and Rotterdam, where the Dutch did all they 
could to help them, their persecuted brethren in faith. It was 
from the latter point that the Swiss, Palatines (including the 
Spenglers), and refugee Huguenots sailed to find an asylumn on 
our hospitable shores. Thus began that great influx of Germans 
whose numbers and character greatly affrighted the English of 
Pennsylvania as to their supremacy, and to prevent their political 
ascendency denied them for many years the privileges of citizen- 

The Spengler emigrants to America were Reformers with the 
courage of their religious convictions, and refused to subscribe to 
a religion which their own denounced as profane. The Speng- 
lers who settled in York County were from Weyler under Steins- 
berg, near Sinsheim, Baden, then in the Palatinate on the Rhine, 
and accepted William Penn's invitation to settle in his Province. 
" They -wrought in sad sincerity — 

Themselves from God they could not free ; 

They builded better than they knew, 

The conscious work to beauty grew." 

They were not peasants, but belonged to the well-to-do, thrifty 
and intelligent classes. While not classed at the time of their 


emigration among the nobility, tliey were at least the descend- 
ants of noble and honorable stock — a fact established by the rec- 
ords and re-enforced by tradition. 

Caspar Spengler's Birth and Marriage. 

Hans Kaspar Spengler, the Pioneer Spengler on this Continent, 
was born at Weyler (Weiler) January 20, 1684. He was a son of 
Hans Rudolf Spengler, whose father, Jacob Spengler, was a 
citizen of Schoeftland, Canton Berne, now Aargau, Switzerland, 
and a descendant of George Spengler, 1150.^ Caspar married 
February 9th, 17 12, Judith Ziegler, the adopted daughter of 
Martin Ziegler. He was a Master and Craftsman of the Linen 
Weaver's Guild of Weyler, as the credentials and passport of his 
brother, Henry Spengler, attest. (See title Henry Spengler.) 

Caspar Spengler Master of the Linen Weavers' Guild. 

Guilds at that early period were organizations created for mu- 
tual protection, for the attainment of some common purpose, or 
the pursuit of a special object, and the advancement of the inter- 
ests of the fraternity. They attained their highest prosperity 
and development in the Teutonic countries. The craft guilds as 
well as others, appointed a master and subordinate officers, made 
ordinances, including provisions for religious observance, mutual 
help and burial, and enforced regulations against fraudulent work- 
manship. The art of linen weaving, with its inventions, combin- 
ations and embellishments, was then classed among the fine arts, 
and men of birth and education were accustomed to practice it. 
These guilds became of such importance, that their law grew to 
be that of the commune or town, and the heads of which were con- 
cerned in its government. 

Caspar Spengler, as the head of his guild at Weyler, was there- 
fore, from the very nature of his position, an official of weight, 
consideration and authority. Artisans were very much desired by 
William Penn, whose cardinal principle, so strongly emphasized 
in the settlement of Pennsylvania, was that the learning of a trade 
was the fittest equipment for colonization. 

Ante page i,. 


The Arrival of Caspar Spengler and Family in Phila- 

Caspar and his wife Judith and their sons, Jonas, Bernhara, 
Rudolph and daughter Anna ]\Iaria, (his other sons Albrecht and 
Phillipp presumably died in their minority,) all under sixteen 
years of age, set sail from Rotterdam, Holland, on the Ship Wil- 
liam and Sarah in the summer of 1727, and after a long and 
tedious voyage, incident to the period, arrived in Philadelphia 
September, 1727. (His brothers, George, Henry and Baltzer ar- 
rived in 1732.) The ship contained one hundred and nine male 
Palatines, above the age of 16 years, who with their familes num- 
bered about four hundred persons. 

The Master, William Hill, of this ship, being asked by the 
Board of the Provincial Council if he had any license from the 
Court of Great Britain for transporting these people, and what 
their intentions were in coming hither, said that he had no license 
or allowance for their transportation other than the clearance, 
and that he believed they designed to settle in this Province. 

Instrlxtioxs From the Governor. 

"The Governor acquainted the board, that he had called them together at this 
time to inform them that there is lately arrived from Holland, a ship with four 
hundred Palatines, as 'tis said, and that he has information they will be very soon 
followed by a very much greater Number, who design to settle in the back parts 
of this province; & as they transport themselves without any leave obtained from 
the Crown of Great Britain, and settle themselves upon the Proprietors untaken 
up Lands without any application to the Proprietor or his Commissioners of prop- 
erty, or to the Government in general, it would be highly necessary to concert 
proper measures for the peace and security of the Province, which may be endang- 
ered by such numbers of Strangers daily poured in, who being igncrant of our 
Language & Laws, & settling in a body together, make, as it were, a distinct peo- 
ple from his Majesties Subjects." 

" The Board taking the same into their serious Consideration, observe, that as 
these People pretend at first that they fly hither on the Score of their religious 
Liberties, and come under the Protection of His Majesty, its requisite that in the 
first Place they should take the Oath of Allegiance, or some equivilent I0 it to 
His Majesty, and promise Fidelity to the Proprietor & obedience to our Estab- 
lished Constitution; And therefore, until some proper Remedy can be had from 
Home, to prevent the Importation ot such Numbers of Strangers into this or others 
of His Majesties Colonies." 

" 'Tis ordered, that the Masters of the Vessells importing them shall be ex- 
amined whether they have any leave granted them by the Court of Great Britain 






for the Importation of these Forreigners, and that a List shall be taken of the 
Names of all these People, their several Occupations, and the Places from whence 
they came, and shall be further examined touching their Intentions in coming 
hither; And further, that a writing be drawn up for them to sign declaring their 
Allegiance & Subjection to the King of Great Britain & Fidelity to the Proprietary 
of this Province, & that they will demean themselves peaceably towards all his 
Majesties Subjects, & strictly observe, and conform to the laws of England and of 
this Government." 

The Declaration of Allegiance. 

Thereupon the male immigrants of the ship, above the age of 
sixteen, appeared at the Court House in Philadelphia, September 
2ist, 1727, before the board : 

Honorable Patrick Gordon, Esq., Lieut. Governor, James Logan, 
Richard Hill and William Fishbourn, Esqs., and repeated and 
subscribed the following Declaration of Allegiance : 

"We Subscribers, Natives and late Inhabitants of the Palatinate upon the Rhine 
& Places adjacent, having transported ourselves and Families into this Province 
Pensilvania, a Colony subject to the Crown of Great Britain, in hopes and Expec- 
tation of finding a Retreat & peaceable settlement therein. Do Solemrdy promise 
& Engage, that We will be faithful & bear true Allegiance to his present MAJ- 
ESTY KING GEORGE. THE SECOND, and his Successors Kings of Great 
Britain, and will be faithfull to the Proprietor of this Province; And that we will 
demean ourselves peaceably to all His said Majesties Subjects, and strictly observe 
& conform to the laws of England and this Province, to the utmost of our power 
and the best of our understanding. ' ' 

The English scribes at Philadelphia of the German names were 

very careless in their translations or transcriptions. For example, 

in the Colonial Records Caspar's name appears as Pastor Springier, 

and in the Pennsylvania Archive it is Caspar Springier, I. Daniel 

Rupp, the German scholar and historian, who made a personal 

inspection of the signatures, has given it correctly as Hans Caspar 

Spengler. The praenomen " Hans " was dropped by the Germans 

soon after their arrival here. 

Settlement in the Wilderness West of the Susquehanna. 

Caspar Spengler did not tarry long on the settled and peaceful 
shores of the Delaware. He was made of " sterner stuff," and 
within two years after his arrival plunged into the wilderness and 
became one of the very earliest permanent settlers west of the Sus- 
quehanna, the first authorised settlement being made here in 1729. 


It was the custom of the early York county immigrants, after 
tarrying for a short time with their German friends in Berks or 
Lancaster counties, to go directly to their contemplated places of 
settlement west of the Susquehanna. They brought with them 
their iron-bound chests, one generally for each family, and in them 
were found homespuns and the most important household utensils. 
One or two covered wagons, sometimes their own, frequently the 
property of settlers in eastern counties of kindred nationality, were 
invoked to haul their wives, children and possessions to the local- 
ity selected for their future homes. In these wagons were stored 
household effects and some of the most essential but rude imple- 
ments of husbandry, such as the wooden plow, the scythe, the hoe 
and sickle. The strongest and sturdiest v\^ent ahead, and with 
axes cleared away in the uninhabited sections the impeding ob- 
structions, such as fallen trees and hanging vines, and made pass- 
able the streams necessary to cross. The deep morasses and sa- 
vannas traversed are now embraced among the most fertile and 
productive farms in this Commonwealth. 

Caspar Spengler located with the " Permission of the State Pro- 
prietaries of the Province," and in virtue of the right of " Squatter 
Sovereignty " seven hundred and eleven acres of lime-stone land 
about one and a half miles east of that portion of the banks of the 
" Katores " on which York-Town was thirteen years later laid out. 
The plantation began at the northern range of hills and extended 
across what was later designated as the " Great Road leading from 
York-Town to Lancaster." It embraced the present magnificent 
Kohr, Schotzberger, Weidman, Matthews, and Keesey (lower por- 
tion) and several other farms. A deed for 385 acres thereof was 
executed by Thomas Penn to Caspar Spengler, October 30, 1736, 
the main consideration being settlement and improvements. Bern- 
hard Spengler, a son of Caspar, December ist, 1767, acquired the 
warrant and title to the northern section of 326^ acres. The 
southern portion, bisected by the " Great Road," was conducted by 
Caspar in conjunction with his youngest son, Philip Caspar 

Shortly after the above occupation and settlement, Caspar loca- 
ted a tract of land of seven hundred and nineteen acres, seven 
miles west of the Codorus Creek, " near the Little Conewago 


Creek on the Conogocheague Road " (now the York and Gettys- 
burg Turnpike,) on which he placed his sons, Jonas and Rudolph. 
A warrant for the same was issued October 16, 1738, to Caspar, 
who assigned his interest therein to his said two sons, and to whom 
patents were subsequently granted. The particulars attending 
this pre-emption will be found in subsequent pages. 

Caspar Spengler and his associate settlers were subjected to 
great inconveniences during the first decade of their settlement 
for want of suitable houses, mills and many family necessities.^ 

A few years after Caspar's occupation of his first plantation the 
notorious Col. Thomas Cressap and others, under authority from 
the Governor of Maryland, and in virtue of an alleged patent to 
the latter from the King of Great Britain, assumed the right to 
oust by force the German settlers west of the Susquehanna with 
the purpose of occupying these fertile lands themselves. For 
years an armed conflict was waged. The invaders were finally 
ejected and peace restored. In an indictment found against these 
encroachers mention is made of the lands in the " quiet and pos- 
session " of Caspar Spengler. A detailed account of this famous 
Maryland intrusion and war will be found under the title of Henry 

Caspar's Death, and his Desecrated Grave. 

Caspar Spengler died in the year 1760, aged 76 years, and was 
buried in the private family graveyard, about eighty feet square, 
on his plantation one and a half miles east of York adjoining 
the " Great Road to Lancaster." This burial ground was sub- 
stantially enclosed, and had a fenced roadwa3/ thereto seventeen 
feet wide from the " Great Road " for mourning trains to pass over 
to perform the last rites of sepulture. In it were also interred his 
wife Judith, his sons Bernhard, Philip Caspar and other members 
and descendants of the family, as well as the remains of a few 
immediate neighbors. Gravestones with the usual mortuary in- 
scriptions marked this last resting place, so that subsequent gen- 
erations could not err in locating their dust. 

Fifty years ago these memorial tablets were still standing. To- 
day not a vestige remains. Upon the decay of the fenced enclo- 

>App. Note 3. 


sure, the vandal farmers — tenants of the successors to the title of 
the land surrounding the graveyard — began to encroach upon it, 
reducing it finally to one half its original area ; the fenced roadway 
greed appropriated, and the destruction was completed. Among 
all peoples having any pretensions to even primitive civilization, 
the burial places of the dead have been decreed sacred and inviol- 
able gro'ind ; and it is, therefore, difficult to compiehend how in a 
nineteenth century civilization such sacrilege should have been 
either perpetrated or permitted. 

" Good friend for Jesus' sake forbear 
To dig the dust enclosed here ; 
Blest be the man who spares these stones 
And cursed be he who moves my bones." 

Some of Bernhard Spengler's descendants lived within a mile or 
two of this graveyard, and must necessarily have had knowledge 
of this intrusion. The}- should have either renewed the fence or 
protected the graves from violation. It now becomes the duty of 
the descendants to repair the wrong, and erect on the spot before 
it is entirely appropriated a stately shaft in commemoration of the 
sterling virtues of honored and worthy ancestors. 

Caspar Spengler's will was duly probated in the Register's Office 
in York, April 28th, 1760. His wife Judith and all his children, 
except ]\Iary, vrife of Col. ^Michael Swoope, survived him. 

Will of Caspar Spexgler. 

In the Name of God Amen I Caspar Spengler being sick and weak in Body but 
of sound and perfect understanding & Memory thanks be to God do recommend 
mj' Soul to God who gave it & my Body to the earth to be buried in a Christian- 
like & decent manner at the Discretion of my friends and as for my worldly sub- 
stance I dispose of the same in manner following: 

Eo, Imp. my will and desire is that my beloved Wife Judith Spengler is to have 
her choice of the two Dwelling Houses Twenty Four Bushels of Wheat Eight 
Bushels of Rye Thirty Bushels of Oats Yearly & every year during her Natural 
Life. Item my Will and desire is that my Wife beloved Judith shall have Three 
Cows & two Sheep to be Foddered yearly and every year during her natural Life 
by the Person that lives on my PKntation whereon I now live, also the Interest of 
John Christian Wambiers Bond which is Twenty Five pounds and if she stands in 
need of the Principle or any part thereof she is to have the benefit of the same; 
yearly and every year during her natural Life & she is to Will and dispose of the 
same as she thinks proper she is also to have part of the Garden and as much of 
the Apples as she pleases 

Item — my Will and desire is that my beloved wife Judith shall have the Bed and 
Beding which we now lye in, the Bedstead and one quarter of an acre of flax 


ground to be plowed and sowed yearly and every year by my Son Philip Caspar 
and at his expense she is also to have the choice of the stables to feed her Cows in. 

Item — my Will and desire is that my beloved Wife Judith have the Dark bay 
Mare which she commonly rides on and to be fed by the person that will live on 
the Plantation whereon I now Dwell & my will is that my beloved Wife Judith 
have one seventh part of all my Personal Estate share and share alike with my 
Children after my Debts and Funeral Expenses are paid and to Dispose of the 
same as she thinks proper 

Item— I will to my Daughter Judith Widow of Henry Baker Ten Bushels of 
Wheat yearly and every year during her Widowhood and the Privilege of living 
with her Mother till she is Married and to have an equal share with my other 
Children of all my Personal Estate share and share alike the Ten Bushels of 
Wheat to be paid my Daughter Judith by the person that lives on my Plantation 
and whoever lives on the said Plantation is to find & procure sufficient Fire wood 
for my Wife Judith & Deliver the same at the House wherein she lives during her 
natural life 

Item— I will and bequeath to my Son Philip Caspar Spengler two Hundred 
Acres of Land including all the buildings and orchard one half of all the Wheat 
Rye Oats Hay Flax & Indien Corn the other half to be equally Divided amongst 
my Wife and Children Including Philip Caspar. 

Item — I will and bequeath to my Son Barnet Spengler one Hundred Acres of 
Land part of the Tract of Land that I now live on he yielding and paying yearly 
and every year one third part of the Wheat Rye Oats Flax Etc., before Willed to 
his Mother and Sister 

Item— my Will and desire is that the shares coming to my Grand Children be 
equally Divided among the Sons and Daughters and I nominate and appoint my 
beloved Wife Judith Spengler Barnet Spengler and Michael Bard the only and sole 
Exe'rs of this my last Will and Testament IN WITNESS whereof I have hereunto 
set my Hand and Seal the Twenty Seventh Day of April one Thousand Seven 
Hundred and Fifty Nine 
Signed Sealed Published and 

Declared as his last Will CASPAR SPENGLER (seai.) 

and Testament in 
the Presence of 

York County SS. Before me George Stevenson Esq. Deputy Reg'r for the 
Probate of Wills & granting of Letters of Administration for the said County per- 
sonally came John Adlum Esq. & Caspar Wiliar the two subscribing Witnesses to 
the forgoing Instruments of writing & on their solemn Oath say that they SdW and 
heard Caspar Spengler Sign seal publish and declare the same as & for his Testa- 
ment & last Will, that at that Time the s'd Caspar Spengler was of sound and dis- 
posing Mind & Memory as far as they know & believe and that they subscribed 
their Names as Witnesses to the same in presence of the Testator 

Sworn & subscribed 


Sworn & subscribed 1 jqH^ ADLUM 

at \ ork the 28th April 1760 ^ CASPAR WILL 

Cor. Geo Stevenson D: R:'rJ 


The testator took special care that his " beloved wife Judith 
shall have the dark-bay mare which she comuionly rides on." 

At that time the roads generally did not deserve the name of 
highways, they were mostly mere wagon tracks blazed through 
the woods, and in many places swampy and impassable for ve- 
hicles. Hence travel on horseback, with both sexes, became 
almost universal. 

Caspar's Personal Estate. 

The inventory of Caspar's personal property was made by John 
Adlum, Associate Judge, Zach. Shugart and Michael Ebert, and 
amounted to ;i^768, los. 4d. Cows were then worth $16.00, horses 
$, butter i3cts., salt $1.50 per bushel, flax seed $3.75, dried 
beef 9cts., bacon I2cts., wheat $1.00, rye 62cts., and oats 50cts. 
The following money was appraised : 

£> s. d. 

Paper money 4° 00 

Silver 22 13 9 

Sterling o 17 6 

Gold III pistoles 149 17 o 

Four English Guineas 6 16 o 

Two Moydores 4 7 o 

Eight French Louisdores 13 80 

Four Half Johanneses 5 15 o 

A piece of gold 2 12 o 

Nineteen half French pistoles 25 16 9 

Fourteen Duggards 9 16 o 

The gold appraised was probably what remained of the coin 
brought from the Fatherland. 

The decree of distribution of the personal estate was made 

" At an Orphans Court held at York for the County of York the 28th day of Oc- 
tober in the Sixth Year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord, George the third by 
the Grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland King Defender of the Faith 
and £0 fourth, and in the Year of our Lord one thousacd Siven hundred and sixty 
five. Before Martin Eichelberger, Michael Swoope and John Adlum Esqs., 
Justices, Assigned &c." 

The distribution was of the money collected to that time, and 
there was awarded to the widow Judith ^103, 3s., and to the 
guardian of the minor children of Jonas, to Bernhard, Rudolph, 
Philip Caspar, Judith Baker, and to the children of Mary deceased 





wife of Michael Swoope, Esq., or their guardian, each the sum of 
^^103, I2S.; total, ;i^7o6, i6s. i farthing, inclusive of Court ex- 

Casper Spengler's Children. 

1. Jonas Spengler. 

2. Bernhard Spengler. 

3. Rudolph Spengler. 

4. Philip Caspar Spengler. 

5. Judith, wife of Henry Baker. 

6. Mary, wife of Col. Michael Swoope. 


(Son of Caspar.) 

Jonas was the eldest son of Caspar Spengler, and was born May 
26th, 1715, at Weyler under Steinsberg, County of Hilsbach, in 
the Palatinate on the Rhine, (now in Baden). He and his brother, 
Rudolph, were located prior to 1738, by their father on a tract of 
land supposed to measure " six hundred acres," seven miles west 
of Codorus Creek, (York did not then exist,) on the Little Codorus 
Creek, on the " Conococheague Road " now the York and Gettys 
burg Turnpike, all then in the County of Lancaster. 

On an accurate survey made of the same in 1765 in pursuance 
of a second warrant issued by the Sur^-eyor General in 1763, this 
tract measured seven hundred and nineteen acres and allowance, 
of which 363 acres and 154 perches, western portion, w^ere patented 
to Rudolph Spengler, in trust for the wife and children of Jonas, 
then deceased. A copy of the original warrant of October i6th, 
1738, issued by Thomas Penn, and on file in the interior depart- 
ment at Harrisburg, will be found under the title of Rudolph 
Spengler, (Son of Caspar). 

This entire tract was then a dense forest, and as late as 1769 
only 15 acres of the tract was in grain. His widow was then 
assessed 3 horses, 2 cows and 2 sheep. The large springs upon it 
were favorite places for the wigwams of the Indians, and around 
one of which, as late as thirty years ago, arrow heads and toma- 
hawks were annually ploughed up in great abundance. 

While the Indian Sachems had a few years before 1738, con- 
veyed their lands on both sides of the Susquehanna and west to 
the setting of the Sun, this section on the little Conewago creek, 
and westward, was still the hunting ground of the Conestogas, the 
Mingoes, and the Conewagoes — the last of the Susquehannas. It 
was around the mammoth springs of this section that they held 
some of their religious and annual Corn festivals. William Penn, 
in a letter of 1683, gives a very interesting and graphic description 
of their habits, customs, and religious rites. ^ 

lApp. Note 4. 


At the same period the Germans, by dispensing even-handed 
justice and the exercise of skilful diplomacy, were singularly ex- 
empt from Indian depredations and massacres. They declined to 
encroach upon the implied and reserved rights of the red man; 
nor would they permit unscrupulous English traders to deceive 
and defraud them. It was not until Braddock's defeat in 1755 
that the settlers of York County were put in imminent peril, A 
description of their inroads and massacres will be found in the ap- 

Jonas Spengler died in 1762, on his said plantation in Para- 
dise (now Jackson) Township, and left to survive him Mary 
Kindigen (or Catharine) Spengler (on her tombstone Maria 
Stinia Spengler), who was born in Germany in 17 18, and died 
October 15, 1784. Her remains lie in the Pigeon Hill church- 
yard beside her husband. 

Children of Jonas Spengler. 

1. Major Joseph Spangler. 

2. Bernhard Spangler. 

3. Henry Spangler. 

4. Rudolph Spangler, 

5. Eve, wife of John Emig. 

6. Judith, wife of Peter Erb, 

7. Catherine, wife of Jacob Wiest, 

8. Anna Mary, wife of Christian Wiest. 


He was born in Paradise Township in 1745, and died in Wash- 
ington Township in 1802. His wife was Elizabeth Gardner, He 
was elected ist Lieutenant of Capt, Michael Ege's company, and 
Major of the Fifth BattalHon York County Militia, organized in 
1775, and with his command marched to Eastern New Jersey, to 
form the "Flying Camp."- He was still Major April 5, 1778. 

' Notes 9, 10, II. 
^App. Notes 14 and 34- 


After the Revolutionary War lie settled upon six hundred acres 
of land on the Big Conewago Creek in Warrington township, York 
County. On the entire tract, then covered with timber, he and 
his family were for years unable to make enough hay to feed four 
horses. Undaunted, he and his sons resolutely felled the forest, 
and now it comprises four of the most fertile farms in the 
county. " The forests disappeared before such pioneers like 
lichens and mosses of nature, and they fastened to the fertile soil 
where they planted." Nearly all the descendants of Joseph were 
farmers. The large two-story stone house built by him on this 
tract along the Carlisle Road north of the " Big Stone Bridge " 
is still standing with the southern gable-end cracked; and on a 
sand stone in this gable-end is the following : 

^'A. D. 
J. S." 

Joseph Spangler's Children. 

1. JONAS SPANGLER, who was born in 1771; Fanner. Mar- 
ried Sarah Sharp March 10, 1805, and died in Washington Town- 
ship in 1856. He enlisted in the war of 1812-14, and marched 
with his rifle Company, Abraham Rinker, Captain, to Baltimore 
in 1 8 14, but arrived too late to participate in the battle of North 
Point, at which the British General Ross was killed. His children 
were : 

/. GEORGE SPANGLER, who died in Washington Town- 
ship. His children are: 

1. John Spangler. 6. Henry Spangler. 

2. Charles Spangler. 7. Levi Spangler. 

3. Amanda, wife of Wm. 8. George Spangler. 

IMurphy. 9. Daniel Spangler. 

4. Andrew Spangler. 10. Lydia, wife of Allen 

5. Jacob Spangler. Lafever. 

All of York county, Pa. 
2. PETER SPANGLER died in Jackson Township July i, 
1873, aged 63-8-15. He was married to Catherine, daughter of 
Jacob Wiest, who died December 15, 1876, aged 64-3-6. He was 
the writer's faithful guardian. His children were : 


I. Emanuel Spangler. 2. Eevi Spangler, dead. 

3. Mary, wife af Israel Spangler, dead. 

4. Elizabeth, wife of George Myers. 

5. Sarah, wife of William Hoke. 

6. Louisa, wife of Franklin Sprenkel. 

x\ll of York county. Pa. 
J. JOHN SPANGLER, Mount Royal, Dover Township. 
Children : 

1. Lydia, wife of Wm. Ramsay. 

2. Amanda, wife of George W. Kapp. 

3. Elizabeth, wife of Henry Hubley. 

4. Ella, wife of Henry S. Kunkel. 

All of York county, Pa. 

4. JOSEPH SPANGLER, died at Mount Royal, Pa., 1877. 

Children : 

1. Elizabeth, deceased, wife of Henry W. Sprenkel, de- 

ceased, Dillsburg, Pa. 

2. Lucinda, wife of Rev. A. H. Irvine, Milton, Pa. Born 

April 24, 1842, died March 7, 1885, and is buried in 
Prospect Hill Cemetery, York, Pa. 

5. SAMUEL SPANGLER, born 1820, died 1892, in Dover 

Township. Children : 

I. George K. Spangler. 2. Samuel Spangler. 

3. Jacob Spangler. 4. William Spangler. 

5. Mary, wife of Emery Harlacher. 

6. Sarah, wife of Philip Crone. 7. Jonas Spangler. 
8. Henry Spangler, killed in 1862, at the second battle 

of Bull Run. All of York county. Pa. 

6. JONAS SPANGLER, East York. Children : 

I. John Spangler. 2. Sarah, wife of Augustus Doll. 

3. Alice, wife of Samuel Deterick. 

4. Jacob C. Spangler. All of York, Pa. 

7. SARAH, wife of PETER EYSTER, West Manchester 

Township, dead. Children : 

1. Louisa, wife of Solomon Martin. 

2. Elizabeth, wife of Alexander Spangler. 

3. Elias Eyster, dead. 4. Sarah, wife of George Emig. 

All of York county, Pa. 


8. MARY, wife of JOHN LEATHERY, died in Dover Town- 
ship, in 1893. Children : 

1. Jesse Leathery. 

2. Sarah, wife of Jesse Deardorff, dead. 

3. Kate, wife of Wm. Sipe. 

4. Jane, wife of Lewis March. 

All of York county. Pa. 
p. ELIZABETH, wife of JACOB CRONE, Dover Township. 
Children : 
I. George Crone. 2. Levi Crone. 

3. Sarah, wife of Wra. Lenhart. 

4. Mary, wife of Jacob Danner. 

5. Jonas Crone. 6. John Crone. 
7. Emaline, wife of John Stough. 

All of York county, Pa. 
10. CATHERINE, wife of JACOB KANN, dead. Child : 

I. William Kann. 
//. LYDIA, wife of DANIEL SNELBAKER, died in Dover 
Township. Children : 

I. Samuel Snelbaker. 2. Levi Snelbaker. 

3. Daniel Snelbaker. 4. Sarah, wife of J. Henry 

5. Eliza, wife of Daniel Wentz. Meisenhelder. 

6. Mary, wife of Levi Rauhauser. 

All of York county, Pa. 
2. JACOB SPANGLER, (Son of Joseph) moved to Cumberland 
County, Pa., ten miles above Boiling Springs, Craighead, P. O., 
where he died March 9th, 1854, aged 62-3-26. He married Cath- 
erine Riinkle, of York County, who died September 16, 1893, aged 
84-1-16. Children : 

/. NANCY SPANGLER, died single. 





6. ELIZABETH, wife of JOSEPH BAKER, Craighead, Pa., 

dead. Children : 

I. Caroline, wife of J. F. Meixel. 2. Kate Baker. 

3. Jacob Baker. 4. Mary E. Keiffer. 


5. Martha J., wife of Alvin Warner. 6. E. S. Baker. 
All of Cumberland county, Pa. 

7. MARY, wife of NICHOLAS MYERS, died July 19, 1862 

aged 38-10. Children : 

1. Sarah, wife of Henry Godshall, 

2. Mary, wife of Edwin Wise. 3. Wesley Myers. 
4. Annie, wife of Jacob Diller. 

8. CATHERINE, wife of CHRISTIAN HERR, died Sep- 

tember 29, 1836, aged 42-1-27. Children : 

1. Viola Herr. 6. Abraham Herr. 

2. Emerson Herr. 7. Christian Herr. 

3. Barbara Herr. 8. Mary Herr. 

4. Jacob Herr. 9. George Herr. 

5. Harry Herr. 10. William Herr. 

All of Cumberland county. Pa. 

9. JACOB SPANGLER, Jr. Married Rebecca Wallet, died 

February 24, 1836, aged 34-8-27. Children: 

1. Sebastian Spangler. 3. Wm. Spangler. 

2. Kate, wife of Wm. Drawbaugh. 4. Mary Spangler. 

All of Cumberland county. Pa. 

10. SAMUEL SPANGLER. Married Sarah Shaffer, died 

November 30th, 1870, aged 39-7-13. Children : 

I. Joseph Spangler. 2. Clara, wife of John Rieker. 

3. Martha, wife of Joshua Forman. 

4. Jacob Spangler. 5. Lincoln Spangler. 

6. Charles Spangler. 7. John Spangler. 

All of Cumberland county, Pa. 
3. JOSEPH SPANGLER, JR., emigrated to Decatur, 111. Twice 
married. Children : 

/. ELIZABETH, wife of HENRY ZORGER. Children ; 

1. Jacob Zorger, Weldon, 111. 

2. Emanuel Zorger, dead. 

3. Sarah Hagerty, Glasford, 111. 

4. Elizabeth Zorger, dead. 5. George Zorger. 

6. Mary Radcliff", Fanners City, 111. 

7. Kate Benjamin, Chicago, 111. 

8. Susan Kendall. 9. Joseph Zorger, Berment, 111. 

2. MARY, wife of HENRY LICHTENBERGER, 1832- 


1840, and of Samuel Connelly 1847-1874. She is living 
at Dallas, Iowa. Children : 

1. James Lichtenberger, Marion, 111. 

2. Eli Lichtenberger, Manheim, Pa. 

3. Susan English, Decatur, 111. 

4. Mary Nissley, Dallas, Iowa. 

5. John S. Connelly, Philadelphia, Pa. 

6. Wm. S. Connelley, Manheim, Pa. 

J. JACOB SPANGLER, Decatur, 111. Married Ann Zorger 
July 20, 1828. Children : 

1. James Spangler, dead. 

2. Jacob Spangler, Corpus-Christi, Texas. 

3. Eliza Daly, Walnut Grove, Cal. 

4. Annabella Long, Decatur, 111. 

5. Maggie Rhodes, Monticello, 111. 

6. Susan Renshaw, Alvord, Texas. 

7. Wm. vSpangler, Oreana, 111. 

8. Lute Lauer, Decatur, 111. 

4. SUSAN, wife of JAMES B. TAIT, Decatur, 111. Children: 
- I. Joseph S. Tait, Macon, 111. 

2. F. B. Tait, Decatur, 111. 

5. JOHN SPANGLER, Decatur, 111. Children : 

1. Elizabeth Burton, Arcadia, Kansas. 

2. Ida Chenauweth, Wellington, Kansas. 

3. Nellie Hawkins, Sangamon, 111. 

6. JOSEPH SPANGLER, Decatur, 111. Children : 

I. iVIary Harrington. 2. Susan Hudson. 

3. Alice Handley, Monticello, 111. 

4. Fannie Hahaunn, La Place, 111. 

5. J. D. Spangler, Monticello, 111. 

7. FELIX B. SPANGLER, Decatur, 111. Children : 

1. David Spangler, Oregon, 

2. John Spangler, Salem, Oregon. 3. Mrs. Beard. 
c^. DANIEL SPANGLER, Decatur, 111. Children : 

1. Lafayette Spangler. 4. S. T. Spangler. 

2. William Spangler. 5. Hannah Spangler. 

3. Rea Spangler. 

All of Hanford, Cal. 


g. ELIZA, wife of DIANIST DANIELS, Decatur, Illinois. 
Children : 

1. John E. Daniels. 4. Jacob Daniels. 

2. Joseph Daniels, Monticello, 111. 

3. Martha Daniels, Bearsdale, 111. 

10. LYDIA, wife of WM. STRONG, La Harpe, Illinois. 
Children : 

1. Nellie Strong. 3. Walter Strong. 

2. Mildred Strong. 

//. CAROLINE, wife of THOMAS DANIELS, Salida, Col. 
Children : 

1. John Daniels. 3. Charles Daniels. 

2. Walter Daniels, all of Marion Centre, Kansas. 
12. FRANK SPANGLER, Decatur, Illinois. 

4. JOHN SPANGLER, (Son of Joseph). Married Susannah Maish. 
born 1789, died in Warrington Township in 1850. Children: 
/. JOHN SPANGLER, died single. 

2. HARRIET, wife of EPHRAIM SHELLY. Child: 

I. John Shelly, Boiling Springs, Pa. 

3. MARY, wife of JOHN CANNON, Alexis, 111. Child: 

I. John Cannon, Chicago, 111. 

4. LEVI SPANGLER. Born 1825, died in Warrington 

Township in 1894. Children: 

1. Emily J., wife of Rev. Eli Miller, Butler, Pa. 

2. Amanda E. Spangler, dead. 

3. Emerson Spangler. 

4. Albert D. Spangler, Attorney at Law, Washington, D, C. 

5. DANIEL M. SPANGLER, Captain Co. G., 166 Pennsyl- 

vania Infantr>\ Served also in the United States Navy. 
He died in New Orleans, La. 

6. LOVINA,wifeofJOHNGOCHANAUER. Dead. Chil- 


1. Susanna, wife of Lewis Bosserman. 

2. Daniel Gochenauer. 

3. Elmira, wife of Willis Worley. 

4. Jennie, wife of Davis Crowel. 5. Joseph Gochenauer. 
6. Charles Gochenauer. 7. Jesse Gochenauer. 

All of York county, Pa. 


Springs, Pa. Children: 

1. Elmer Kanffnian, Chicago, 111. 

2. Naomi Kauffman. 3. Annie Kanffman. 

.?. DAVID M. SPANGLER, Mount Royal, Pa. Children: 
I. Jesse Spangler. 2. Francis Spangler. 

3. Rebecca Spangler. 4. Hattie Spangler. 
p. ELIZA SPANGLER, Mount Royal, Pa. 

6. DANIEL SPANGLER, (Son of Joseph). Born 1794. Married 
Mary Hobaugh. Died in Warrington Township July ist, i860. 

/. DAVID SPANGLER. Children: 

I. Daniel Spangler. 2. Harrison Spangler. 

3. David C. Spangler. 

4. Sarah, wife of Samuel Randolph. 

5. Ida, wife of John A. Kunkel. 

6. Georgia, wife of John Bailetts. 

7. Frederick M. Spangler, Attorney at Law. 

All of York county. Pa. 
2. HENRY SPANGLER, died without issue. 

1. Ella, wife of Jacob Kunkel. 

2. Minerva, wife of George Smith. 

3. Bella, wife of Charles Miller. 

4. William Spangler. 5. Jacob Spangler. 
6. Emma Spangler. 7. Curtis Spangler. 

4. SAMUEL SPANGLER, died without issue. 

5. ELIJAH SPANGLER, died without issue. 

6. DANIEL SPANGLER, died without issue. 

7. NATHAN SPANGLER. Children: 

I. Charles U. Spangler. 2. James U. Spangler. 

8. DR. WILLIAM H. SPANGLER. Dead. Child: 

I. Alberta May Spangler. 

9. LYDI A, wife of DAVID STICKEL, Decatur, 111. Children: 

I. Belle Stickel. 2. Nathan Stickel. 

3. Charles Stickel. 

10. MARY, wife of HENRY J. GARDNER, Rossville, Pa. 






1. Lida, wife of William A. Miller, Esq., District At- 

torney, York, Pa. 

2. Carrie, wife of Wm. Lichtenberger, Red Lion, Pa. 

3. Myra Gardner. 4. Laura V., wife of Lee. F. Atticks. 
6. PXIZABETH, (Daughter of Joseph) wife of SAMUEL GUN- 
GLE, dead. Children: 

/. JOHN KUNKLE, died at Mount Royal, Pa., in 1892, 
aged 68 years. Children: 

1. Abram S. Kunkle. 

2. Mary S., wife of Jacob Kunkle. 

3. Jesse Kunkle, dead. 4. Rolandus Kunkle. 

5. Samuel Kunkle. 

6. Louisa, deceased wife of M. B. Lease. 

7. Lucinda, wife of Alexander Metzler. 

8. John A. Kunkle. 

9. Elizabeth, deceased wife of Howard H. Hinkle. 

2. DANIEL KUNKLE. Children: 

1. Elizabeth, wife of Wm. Spangler, afterwards of Frank 


2. Mary, wife of John C. Sipe. 

3. Sylvester Kunkle. 

4. Amanda, wife of John Harrigle. 

5. Lovina, wife of Henry Brenner. 

6. Anna, wife of Edward Lease. 

3. JACOB S. KUNKLE, Children: 

1. James M. Kunkle. 

2. Mary C, wife of Wm. Kilmore. 

3. Allison Kunkle. 

4. Amanda, wife of Jacob Drawbaugh. 

4. SAMUEL KUNKLE. Children: 

1. Elizabeth, wife of Adam Neiman. 

2. Washington S. Kunkle. 3. Albert Kunkle. 

5. JONAS KUNKLE. Children: 

I. Wm. Kunkle. 2. David Kunkle. 

3. John Kunkle. 4. Jacob Kunkle. 

6. ELIZA, wife of ENOCH WEIGLE. Children: 

1. Louisa, wife of Levi Snelbaker. 

2. James M. Weigle. 3. Samuel Weigle. 


4. Wesley Weigle. 5. Franklin Weigle. 

6. Monroe Weigle. 

7. Elizabeth, wife of Henry Zeigler. 

7. MARY ANN, wife of WM. HARLACHER, dec'd. Now 
wife of D. M. SWEITZER. Children: 

1. Samnel Harlacher, Wellsville, Pa. 

2. Calvin Harlacher, Harrisbnrg, Pa. 

3. Elizabeth, wife of Charles Still. 

4. W^illiam Harlacher, Mechanicsbnrg, Pa. 

5. Clayton Harlacher, York, Pa. 

7. MARY, (daughter of Joseph) wife of ABRAHAM KAUFFMAN, 
deceased, of Boiling Springs, Pa., married Feb. 24, 1803. Mary 
died April 13, 1847, aged 66-4-17. Abraham died Sept. 26, aged 
59-1 i-i. Children: 

Princeton College, N. J., practiced law in Texas, from 
which state he was sent to Congress, and died in 
Washington, D. C, July 31, 1851, aged 37-1-13. His 
three sons died unmarried. His daughter Anna married 
Dr. Allen of Texas, and two children survive her. 

2. DAVID KAUFFMAN, Boiling Springs, Pa. 

3. JOSEPH KAUFFMAN, died in Decatur, 111., aged 62 

years. Children: 

I. Catherine Kauffman. 2. Anna Kauffman. 

3. Almira Kauffman. 4. Larinia Kauffman. 

5. Harriet Kauffman. 6. Emma Kauffman. 

7. Martha S. Kauffman. 

4. JOHN R. KAUFFMAN, died in Decatur, 111., aged 72 

years. Children: 

I. Isaac Kauffman. 2. Harriet Kauffman. 

3. Mary Kauffman. 4. Margaret Kauffman. 

5. HARRIET K., wife of STEPHEN WEAKLEY, Boiling 

Springs, Pa. 

6. LOVINA K., wife of JAMES WEAKLEY, died in Mon- 

mouth, 111., Sept. 24, 1888, aged 66-7-6. 

7. REV. ABRAHAM KAUFFMAN, graduated from Dick- 

inson College, Pa., and Andover Theological Seminary, 
He was Pastor of Saint Philips' Church, Charleston, S. 


C, and in that city he died Angnst 28, 1849, aged 28-7-23. 
He left to survive him one son, Abraham C. Kauffman, 
Charleston, S. C. 
S. ELIZA K., wife of MODE GRIFFITH, died at Boiling 
Springs, Pa., aged 63 years. Children: 
I. Oliver K. Griffith, 2. Levi J. Griffith, 

3. Harrriet A. Griffith, 4. David S. Griffith, 
5. Wm. C. Griffith, 6. Abraham K. Griffith, 

7. Jennie G., wife of Asbiiry Derland, Boiling Springs, Pa. 


(Son of Jonas). 

Born Sept. 30, 1745, and died in Paradise (now Jackson) Town- 
ship, in 1802. He was a member of Sixth Company, Seventh Bat- 
talion of the York County Militia in the Revolution. His wife 
Eve, (called Freany) was the widow of John Reichart, of Windsor 
Township, deceased. She died Dec. 25, 1818, aged 65 years. In 
November 1789, he was assessed 150 acres of land, 3 horses and 3 
cows. His children were : 

1 . JOHN SPANGLER, married Catherine Reichard, who was born 
February 15, 1777, died June 21, 1855. John Spangler was born 
November 20, 1774, died November 14, 1852. Children: 

7. NATHANIEL SPANGLER, married Anna Maria Wiest, 

who died May 12, 1864, aged 50-17 d. Nathaniel died 

April, 1895. Children : 

1. Rev. Aaron Spangler. 3. John C. Spangler. 

2. Jacob W. Spangler, dec'd. 4. Sarah, wife of David 

All of York, Pa. W. Crider. 

2. JOHN SPANGLER, born December 26, 1796, died Jan- 
uary 10, 1872, at Littlestown, Pa. Children: 
I. Charles Spangler. 2. John Spangler. 

3. David Spangler. 4. wife of Young. 

All of Littlestown, Pa. 
J. MAGDALEN A, deceased wife of JACOB BAHN, deceas- 
ed. Children: 
I. Lydia, wife of Peter Hantz. 3. John Bahn. 


2. Catherine, wife of George S. Baum. 

4. LYDIA, deceased wife of DAVID SWARTZ, deceased. 

Married May 29, 1829. Children : 

1. Susannah, wife of John Julius. 

2. Rev. David Swartz, Lakewood, N. J. 

3. Belinda C, wife of Henry Zellers. 

4. Sarah, wife of Charles Crouse, Littlestown, Pa. 

5. ELIZABETH, deceased wife of JOHN ROTH, deceased. 

Children : 

1. John Roth, Spring Forge, Pa. 

2. Catherine, wife of Jesse Detter, Bermudian, Pa. 

3. Elizabeth, wife of George Bollinger, Spring Forge, Pa. 

4. Sarah Roth, dead. 

2. JACOB SPANGLER, (Son of Bernhard), born July 25, 1783, 
died in Jackson Township, October 5, 1847. Catherine, his wife, 
was born January 21, 1791, died August 8, 1874. His children 
were : 

/. HENRY SPANGLER, Jackson Township. Children : 

1. Jacob Monroe Spangler, 

2. Albert Spangler, Renova, Pa. 

3. William H. Spangler, Bellwood, Pa. 

4. Amanda, wife of George Heindel. 

5. Mary, wife of Lewis Gross. 

6. Susan, wife of Urias Stambaugh. 

2. LYDIA, wife of BARNEY SPANGLER, (see title Ru- 

dolph Spangler.) 

3. MICHAEL SPANGLER, born July 12, 181 1, died De- 

cember 25, 1888. Children : 

I. Sarah, wife of Peter Boyer. 2. Henry Spangler. 

3. William Spangler, Hazleton, Pa. 

4. Jacob Spangler. 5. Leah, wife of Eli Seifert. 

6. Isabella, wife of John Wm. Dyer. 

7. Anna, wife of John Hostetter, 

8. Ella, wife of George Stambaugh. 

9. Lillie, wife of William Hoffman. 
10. Amanda, wife of Reuben Beck. 

All of York county, Pa. 

4. ELIZABETH, wife of LEVl'sTOVER, died in Jackson 


Township, February 24, 1884, aged 58-11-23. Children: 
I. Jacob E. Stover. 2. Michael O. Stover. 

3. Samuel Stover. 4. Leah Jane Stover. 

5. Amanda, wife of John EilHch. 

6. Sarah, wife of Elias Eyster, deceased. 

7. Ellen, wife of Andrew Spangler. 

All of York county, Pa. 

5. DANIEL SPANGLER, near Emmitsburg, Md., born July 

30, 1812, died June 2, 1845. IvY^ia, his wife, was born 
July 23, 1820, died July 20, 1854. Both buried in the 
Pigeon Hill churchyard, Paradise Township, York coun- 
ty, Pa. Children: 

1. Anna, wife of Devi Gallatin, Hanover, Pa. 

2. Elizabeth, wife of Michael Stambaugh. 

3. Jacob R. Spangler, Harrisburg, Pa. 

4. Calvin Spangler, York, Pa. 

6. JOHN C. SPANGLER, died January 9, 1887, at Jefferson 

Borough, Pa., aged 77-0-3. Children : 

1. Sarah, wife of Samuel Hoffman. 

2. Elizabeth, wife of Joseph Brown, Baltimore, Md. 

3. Lydia, wife of Myers, Hazleton, Pa. 

4. John Spangler. 5. Elder Spangler, Hazleton, Pa. 

6. Henry C. Spangler, Hazleton, Pa. 

7. Leah, wife of Hetrick, York county. Pa. 

8. Mrs. Lizzie Miller, Dalton, Md. 

9. Jacob R. Spangler, Crawford county, Kansas. Children: 

1. W. C. Spangler, Lawyer, Lawrence, Kan. 

2. Sylvester W. Spangler, Kansas City, Mo. 

3. Mahlon A. Spangler, Kansas City, Kan, 

7. JONAS SPANGLER, died in 1884, at Jefferson Borough, 

Pa. Children : 

I. Wm. Spangler. 2. Prof. Frank L. Spangler, York. 

3. Emma, deceased wife of Daniel Sweigert. 

4. Bradley Spangler. 5. Hamilton Spangler. 

6. Sarah A., wife of Latimer Sheaffer. 

7. Mary E., wife of Robert Maguire. 

8. Albert Spangler. 9. Edmund Spangler, 

All of York county, Pa, 


^. JACOB SPANGLER, died at Smith's Station, York coun- 
ty, Pa. Children : 

I. Jacob Spangler. 2. Liicinda Spangler. 

3. Wm. H. Spangler. 4. George A. Spangler, 

5. Sarah J., wife of P. S. Weaver. 

6. Francis V., wife of A. H. Bowman. 

7. Jacob M. Spangler, 8. Charles A. Spangler, 
9. Hamilton Spangler. 10. Edgar M, Spangler. 

3. JONAS SPANGLER, (Son of Bernhard), born April 8, 1788, 
died July 20, 1846. He married August 18, 181 1, his second 
cousin Elizabeth, daughter of Bernhard Spangler, (son of Rudolph). 
Elizabeth was born December 24, 1793, and died December 23, 
1853. They lived and died in iVdams county. Pa., where they 
conducted farming. Children : 

/. JOSEPH SPANGLER, Adams county, Pa. Born January 
14, 1813, died October 12, 1838. Married Keziah Law- 
yer, Children : 

1. David Spangler, Harney, Md. 

2. Joseph Spangler, Harney, Md. 

3. Lydia Annie, wife of Washington Hanier, Taneytown, 

2. JESSE SPANGLER, Adams county, Pa. Born April 20, 
1815, died November 29, 1880. Married Susan Geisel- 
man. Children : 

1. Hamilton Spangler, dead. 

2. Amanda, wife of Jesse Shaffer, Ortana, Pa., dead. 

3. Margaret E., wife of B. F. Steiner, West Fairview, Pa. 

4. Jonas C. Spangler, Kingsdale, Adams county. Pa. 

5. Alice, wife of Thomas J. Hess, Harney, Md. 

6. Daniel J. Spangler, Harrisburg, Pa, 

J. JONAS SPANGLER, Jr., Adams county. Pa., born No- 
vember 28, 1822, died February 20, 1885. Married Ma- 
tilda Mehring. Children : 

1. Maggie, wife of John F. Sharretts, Barlow, Md. 

2. Rebecca, wife of Jacob Sharretts, Harney, Md. 

3. Virginia, wife of Edwin Benner, Barlow, Md. 

May 20, 1826, living. Married Lydia Ann Geiselman. 


Children : 

I. Augustus J. Spangler. 2. Austin R Spangler. 

3. Pius D. Spangler. All of Harney, Md. 

5. JACOB SPANGLER, Frankfort, Ind. Born April 13, 

1829, died April 1887. Married Catherine Williams. 

Child : 

I. John Alvey Spangler, Frankfort, Ind. 

6. DANIEL SPANGLER, Adams county, Pa. Born May 

12, 1831, died April 19, 1835. 

7. LYDIA, wife of JOHN RATHFON, U. B. minister, Frank- 

fort, Ind. Born August 27, 1817, died November 28, 

1880. Children : 

I. Mary Rathfon. 2. Jonas Rathfon. 

3. Anna, wife of Perry Davis, Forrest, Ind. 

4. Ida Rathfon. 5. Jacob Rathfon. 

8. ELIZABETH SPANGLER, born May 14, 1832, died 

April 20, 1835. 
g. BARBARA, wife of JACOB RODKEY, Taneytown, Md. 
Born April 9, 1834, died August 1886. Children : 

1. Elizabeth, wife of Ezra Kaler, Uniontown, Md. 

2. Jennie, wife of John Hiltabridle, May berry, Md. 

3. Jacob Rodkey, Mayberry, Md. 

4. Ella, wife of Augustus Fells, Harrisburg, Pa. 

5. Isaac Rodkey. 6. William Rodkey, Mayberry, Md. 

7. Catherine, wife of James Humpert, Taneytown, Md. 

8. Martha, wife of Upton Lemmon, Mayberry, Md. 

10. SARAH, wife of URIAH ROYER, Taneytown, Md. 
Born March 24, 1837. Dead. Children: 

1. Ida Royer, Taneytown, Md. 

2. Anna Royer, Harrisburg, Pa. 

3. Mary, wife of Samuel Martin, Taneytown, Md. 

4. Abbie Royer. 

5. Frank J. Royer, Elleusburg, Wash. 

6. Wm. Royer, Taneytown, Md. 

4. DANIEL SPANGLER, (Son of Bemhard), born July 30, 1712, 
died July 2, 1845. 

5. ELIZABETH, (Daughter of Bernhard), wife of GEORGE 
KALTREIDER, died in Windsor Township. Children: 




3. REBECCA KALTREIDER, died unmarried. 

4. DANIEL KALTREIDER, died in Windsor Township. 

Children : 

I, Samuel Kaltreider. 2. Tobias Kaltreider, Oregon. 

3. Henry Kaltreider, Ind. 4. Levi Kaltreider. 

5. Daniel Kaltreider. 6. Sarah, wife of Emanuel 

7. Lucinda, wife of Wm. Kinard. Frey. 

5. GEORGE KALTREIDER, Illinois. Children : 

I. Daniel Kaltreider. 2. Lydia Kaltreider. 

6. LYDIA SPANGLER, (Daughter of Bernhard). Dead. 


(Son of Jonas). 

Was born in 1750, and died in Paradise (now Jackson) Town- 
ship in 1791. In 1778 he purchased of the other heirs of his 
father, Jonas, 192 acres of land in said township, (part of the tract 
patented to Jonas), which Henry's executors, April 8, 1791, sold to 
Michael Spangler, (son of Philip Caspar Spengler) and conveyed 
by Michael to two of his sons, Zachariah and Jesse Spangler. In 
1789, Henry was assessed 2 horses and 2 cows. Henry was mar- 
ried on October 28, 1779, to Maria Clara Hoke, who was born in 
1753, and died in 1818. He belonged to the Seventh Company of 
the Seventh Battalion, York County Militia in the Revolution. 
Chidren : 

1 . ADAM SPANGLER, (son of Henry). He was married to Cath- 
erine Sharp, and conducted a Tannery at Dillsburg, Pa. She died 
August 6, 1864 in York, aged 73-8-3. Children : 

/. ELIZA, wife of THOMAS B. SCHALL, York, deceased: 
Bornjuly 3, 1810. Married October 21, 1829. Children: 
I. John Schall. 2. Amanda, widow of Henry Reis- 

inger, Lieutenant 130th Pa. Infantry, and late Recorder 
of York county. 

3. Thomas B. Schall, Baltimore, Md. 

4. Walter B. Schall, deceased. 


5. Emma V., wife of George W. Hess. 

6. Kate, wife of Thomas Owen, York, Pa. 

2. HENRY SPANGLER, born June 18, 181 2, died March 

10, 1868. He married Eliza Ilgenfritz, March 17, 1836. 
Died in York. Children : 

1. Samuel H. Spangler, (Printer). Married Mary Jane 

Stair, November 27, 1862. Member of Co. A., i6th 
Pa. Inf., and one of the First Defenders in the late 
war. Children : 

1. Henry Stair Spangler. 

2. Mary Lydia, wife of George W. Reamer. 

2. George I. Spangler, Lieutenant Co. K., 200 Pa. In- 

fantry, now in Baltimore, Md. 

3. Catherine, wife of Zacharias Knaub, Baltimore, Md. 

4. Fannie, wife of Franklin Barnhart, Warren, Pa. 

5. Daniel Adam Spangler, York, Pa. 

3. JOHN SPANGLER, died in New Orleans in 1840. 

4. FREDERICK SPANGLER, Clark county, Ohio. 

5. CLARA, deceased wife of WM. CALLENDER, York. Son: 

I. John Callender. 

6. ELI AS SPANGLER, Sergent Co. I., 76tli Pa. Infantry. 

Captured in the assault on Fort Wagner, S. C, and died 
in Richmond, Va., December 13, 1863. Children: 
I. Elias Spangler. 2. George Spangler, York, Pa. 

2. JOHN SPANGLER, (son of Henry). He died at Beaver Creek, 
near Rossville, Pa., July 2, 1850, aged 60-10. He was married 
April 7, 1816 to Elizabeth Schrom, who afterwards married a Mr. 
Matier. Children : 

/. ELIZABETH, deceased wife of L. E. BUDDING, deceas- 
ed, of Wrightsville, Pa. Child ? 

I. Calvin Spangler Budding, late of Wrightsville, de- 
ceased. He was Lieutenant of Co. K., 45th Reg. 
Pa. Infantry, promoted to Captain, and wounded at 
the battle of South Mountain, Md., 1862. Was for 
fifteen years ganger in the U. S. Revenue Service. 
Children : 

1. Blanche Budding. 3. Joseph Budding. 

2. Anna Budding. 4. Elizabeth Budding. 


2. SARAH, wife of Zeigler, Bucyrus, Ohio. 

3. LYDIA, (daughter of Heim-), wife of ADAM SWOPE, Gettys- 
burg, Pa. She was born May 15, 1785, and died December 20, 
1841. Her husband was born April 15, 1778, and died August 22, 
1855. Her marriage to Adam Swope was the second time the 
Spangler and Swope families had intermarried. Her great-aunt 
Man.', daughter of Caspar Spengler, married Col. Michael Swoope, 
of Revolutionar}^ fame. Their children were: 

/. CLARISSA SWOPE, born Mav 29, 1804, died March 28, 

2. CONRAD SPAXGLER SWOPE, born March 31, 1807, 

died January 11, 1859. 
J. GEORGE H. SWOPE, born March 4, 1814, died July 29, 
1889. He held several municipal offices at Gettysburg, 
and was an active member of St. James Lutheran church. 

4. JOHN ADAM SWOPE, born October 2, 1815, died Octo- 

ber 25, 1880. He resided in Gettysburg, and was one of 
the most bitter opponents of slavery, and one of the origi- 
nal Abolitionists in that part of the country. He had 
naturally a strong and bright mind, and was a great gene- 
ral reader. He married Nancy McCurdy. His children 
are : 

1. Lydia J., wife of Rev. T. C. Pritchard. 

2. James Adam Swope, married Anna Townsend. 

3. Samuel McCurdy Swope, a graduate of Pennsylvania 

University, was twice elected District Attorney of 
Adams county, and is now President Judge of Adams 
and Fulton counties, Pa. He married Annie Kate 
Stair, of York, Pa. 

4. John Franklin Swope, married Mar\- Ford. 

5. SA:\IUEL SWOPE, bom May 26, 1818, died March 22, 



of the German Reformed Church. Born November 4, 
1820, died August 7, 1892. ^Married April 25, 1839. 
Her husband was born September 18, 1815, died March 
28, 1863. She was a woman eminent for her many 


christian virtues, and had a wide scope for the practice 
as the wife of a minister. Her married life was spent in 
Adams and Lancaster counties, where her husband was 
pastor of different Reformed churches. After his death 
she resided with her brother, George H. Swope, in Get- 
tysburg. Their children : 

1. Rev. John Adam Hoffheius, D. D., who married 

Hetty Adams. 

2. Thomas E. Hoffheius. 3. Lydia Hoffheius. 
4. Clara Hoffheius. 5. Julia Hoffheins. 

6. Emma, wife of Rev. J. A. Koser. 

7. Samuel Hoffheins. 8. Lillie Dale Hoffheins. 
9. Charles Nevin Hoffheins. 

Rev. John Adam Hoffheins, D. D., is a clergyman of the Re- 
formed (German) Church; graduated from Franklin and Marshall 
College, and the Theological Seminary at Lancaster. He has been 
pastor of several prominent Reformed Churches, and is now locat- 
ed at Martinsburg, W. Va. 

7. REV. DAVID SWOPE, born December 25, 1824, died 
November 21, 1881. Married November 5, 1856, Clara 
J. Gilbert, who was born October 29, 1835. 

He was a clergyman of the Lutheran Church. He graduated 
from Pennsylvania College in 1851, and after completing his Theo- 
logical studies at the Gettysburg Seminary, entered the ministry 
in 1855. He spent the first five years of his ministry in Pennsyl- 
vania, as pastor of the Lutheran Church, of Johnstown. In i860 
he moved to New York State, where the greater part of his min- 
istry was spent as pastor of several of the best churches of his 
Synod. Owing to the severity of the climate of New York, he 
moved to Pennsylvania a few years before his death, and died 
while pastor at Dickinson, Pa., 1881. As a pastor Rev D. Swope 
was zealous and laborious, taking a deep interest in all of his 
parishoners. As a preacher he was earnest, plain, eminently prac- 
tical and biblical. He evinced sincere reverence for the church 
of his choice, and her doctrines, and carefully and conscientiously 
practiced her usages. His children are : 

1, Luther Gilbert Swope, deceased. 

2. Dr. Gilbert E. Swope, born January 24, i860. A sue- 


cessfiil druggist of Xewville. Pa. He married Sep- 
tember 24, 1S90, Belle McKinney Hays, born 
October 12, 1867. ^^ ^s also author of the geneal- 
ogy of the Yost Swope family, a ver\- admirable work. 

3. Jessie Elizabeth Swope. 

4. Josephine Roedel Swope. 


(Son of Jonas). 

He was born about 1752, and died in 1S30. His wife was 
named Christina. They resided near Heidlersburg, Adams coun- 
ty. Pa., after they moved from York county. In 17S8, Rudolph 
Spengler lived, and owned 170 acres of laud, in Bervi'ick town- 
ship in which the town of Abbottstown was then located. In the 
old Lutheran churchyard of Abbottstown, are the tombstones oi 
Spenglers, (some undecipherable), among which are those of John 
Spangler, Christina Spengler, born May 3, 1782, died April 6, 
1807, Susanna Spengler, born December 28, 1789, died April 17, 
1800. Rudolph Spengler died in Berwick township, in August, 
1830, and in his will bequeathed and devised his estate to his 
eleven children. Tlie children of Rudolph Spengler were : 

1 . JACOB SPAXGLER. moved to Ohio about 1S40. His decend- 
ants are unknown. 

2. J( )HX SPANGLER. moved to Ohio about 1840. His decend- 
ants are unknown. 

3. JONAS SPANGLER. emigrated to Stark county, Ohio, about 
1840. His descendants are unknown. 

4. RUDOLPH SPANGLER, JR., lived near Petersburg, Adams 
county. Pa. His children were : 

/. WILLIAM SPAXGLER. Children : 

1. Lizzie, wife of Gardner. 

2. Ellen, wife of Cressler. 


3. Emma, wife of Rupley. 

All of Green Springs, Cumberland county. Pa. 

2. JACOB R. SPANGLER, Greencastle, Pa. Children : 

1. Dr. Jacob B. Spangler, Meclianicsburg, Pa. 

2. Henry W. Spangler, Attorney-at-Law, Denver, Col. 

3. MARY SPANGLER, died unmarried. 

4. MARGARET SPANGLER, died unmarried. 

5. PEGGY ESSIG, died unmarried. 

6. POLLY REX, moved to Ohio. 

7. ESTHER ESSIG, moved to Ohio. 

8. JOSEPH SPANGLER, moved to Ohio. 

9. CATHERINE SAURBAUGH, moved to Ohio. 

10. DAVID SPANGLER, moved to Ohio. 

11. SOPHIA, wifeof MICHAEL DEATRICK. She died May 9, 
1833, aged 59 years. Children : 

/. NICHOLAS DEATRICK. He died near Chambersburg, 
Pa., May, 1877, aged 80 years. Children : 

1. Rev. Wm. Deatrick, D. D., Mercersburg, Pa. Entered 

Marshall College in 1844 and graduated 1848. 
Studied theology at the Theological Seminary, Mer- 
cersburg, Pa., and entered the ministry of the Ger- 
man Reformed Church in 1852. The ancesters of 
Mrs. Wm. Deatrick were related to George Wash- 
ington by marriage. Children : 

1. Rev. Wm. Wilberforce Deatrick, Prof. Keystone 

State Normal School, Kutztown, Pa. 

2. E. Rauson Deatrick, Pastor Trinity Reformed 

Church, Woodberry, Md. 

3. Anna M. Deatrick, Mercersburg, Pa. 

2. Michael Deatrick. 3. John B. Deatrick. 

4. Anna, Vv^ife of Adam Bream. 

5. Jacob Spangler Deatrick. 6. Abraham Deatrick. 
7. Howard N. Deatrick; IMercersburg, Pa. 

2. JACOB DEATRICK, died near Chambersburg, Pa. Chil- 
dren : 

1. Catherine, wife of PVancis Peckmen. 

2. Mary, wife of Daniel Eby. 

3. Elizabeth, wife of John Eberly. 


4. Leah, wife of Philip Carper. 5. Jacob Deatrick. 
6. Daniel Deatrick, Franklin county, Pa. 


I. Michael W. Deatrick. 2. George Deatrick. 


I. W. H. Deatrick. 2. Samuel Deatrick. 

3. David Deatrick. 4. Susan Deatrick. 

5. Elizabeth, wife of S. J. Myers. 

6. Alice, wife of George A. Trostle. 

All of Plainville, Adams county, Pa. 

5. CHRISTIANA, wife of JESSE SMITH, emigrated to 

Preble county, Ohio, in 1834. Children: 
I. Samuel D. Smith. 2. John Smith. 

3. Isaac Smith. 4. William Smith. 

5. Franklin Smith. 6. Jesse D. Smith. 

7. Mary, wife of Jacob Thomas. 

A\\ of Darke county, Ohio. 

6. MARY, wife of GEORGE KEYSER. Children : 

I. Wesley Keyser. 2. Jacob Keyser. 

3. Mary E. Keyser, Mansfield, Ohio. 

7. SARAH, wife of DANIEL FIDLER, resides at Mercers- 

burg, Pa. Is 85 years old. Children : 

1. Jacob W. Fidler, Arcanum, Ohio. 

2. George Fidler. 3. John W. Fidler. 

4. Sophia Fidler, Plainview, Adams county, Pa. 

8. MARGARET DEATRICK, died unmarried. 

9. CATHERINE DEATRICK, died unmarried. 

V. EVE, wife of JOHN EMIG, 

(Daughter of Jonas Spengler). 

She was born about 1750. Margaret Rudisill, his second wife, 
was born in 1753, and died March 31, 1839. With the latter he 
had no issue. John Emig was born January 28, 1753, and died 
July 25, 1834. He had two children with his wife Eve : 
1. JOHN EMKj. He was born January 27, 1780, and died March 


28, 1842. He Married Anna Mary Eyster, born January 24, 1780, 
and died March i, 1838. Children : 

/. SAELIE, wife of HARRY BENTZEL, Son: 
I. Harry Bentzel, Winchester, Va. 

2. REBECCA, wife of GEORGE MENGEvS. Children : 

1. Sevilla, wife of Samuel Rudisill. 

2. Louisa, wife of Abraham Martin. 

3. Margaret, wife of Abraham Hoke. 

3. CATHERINE, wife of MICHAEL LEIB. Children : 

1. Louisa, wife of William Spangler. 

2. Amanda, wife of Reuben Altland. 

3. Elizabeth, wife of Samuel Graeflf. 

4. Maria, wife of Joseph Graeff. 

5. Matilda, wife of Emanuel Myers. 

6. Abraham Leib. 

4. ELIZABETH, wife of ADAM EYSTER, Jr. Died July 

24, 1873, aged 65-5-28. Adam Eyster died March 4, 

1 86 1, aged 55-5-19. Their child was : 

I. Sarah, deceased wife of John Emig (of Valentine). 

5. MATILDA, wife of JOHN LOUCKS, Jackson township. 

John Loucks died Jan. 23, 1859, aged 48-9-23. Children : 
I. Edward Loucks. 2. John Loucks. 

3. Mary, wife of Jacob Myers. 

4. Sarah A. Loucks. 5. Eleanor Loucks. 

6. CHRISTINA EMIG. Died immarried January 9, 1885, 

aged 66-4-7. 

2. ELIZABETH, (daughter of Eva Emig, deceased), wife of 
ADAM EYSTER, deceased. Children: 

/. ADAM EYSTER, dead. Child : 

I. Sarah, deceased wife of John Emig (of Valentine). 
2. JACOB EYSTER, deceased. Children : 

I. John Eyster, dead. 2. Henry Eyster. 

3. Israel Eyster. 4. Peter Eyster. 

5. George Eyster. 6. Adam Eyster. 

7. Anna, wife of Peter Eisenhart, dec'd. East Berlin, Pa. 
7. Caroline, wife of William Bott, New Oxford, Pa. 

3. EVA, wife of REV. DANIEL ZIKGLER, D. D., deceased. Mrs. 
Zeigler lives in York, aged 79 years. Children : 


/. JOHN ZIEGLER, Yellow Pine, la. 

2. Dr. henry a. ZIEGLER. 

3. EMMA, deceased wife of AUGUSTUS LOUCKS. 

4. SAMUEL EYSTER, died unmarried. 

5. PETER EYSTER, married SARAH SPANGLER, daughter 
of Jonas Spangler, son of Joseph. Children: 

/. ELIAS EYSTER, deceased. 

2. LOUISA, wife of Solomon Martin, deceased. 


4. SARAH, wife of GEORGE EMIG. 
J. MARTIN EYSTER, deceased. 

6. RE\'. MICHAEL EYSTER died at Bedford, Pa. Children : 

/. EMMA, wife of 

2. BARBARA, wife of 


(Daughter of Jonas Spengler). 

She was born before 1750. Lived in Manheim township, and 
afterwards moved to Frederick county, Md. Some of the descend- 
ants are said to live at Silver Run, Carroll county, i\Id. Letters 
sent to them failed to receive a response. 


(Daughter of Jonas Spengler). 

Married October 12, 1765. Jacob Wiest moved to Berwick 
township, Adams county, Pa., prior to 1784, where he owned 170 
acres of land. He was born in 1741, and died June 25, 1S03, and 
his remains lie in the German Reformed churchyard at Abbotts- 
town, Pa. Catherine Wiest, their daughter, was born July 6, 
1769. She is said to have married a Mr. Baumgardner. In Ger- 
man Wiest was spelled "Wiist". 



(Wiist) (Daughter of Jonas Spengler). 

Married Oct., 27, 1768. Christian was a member of the Seventh 
Company of the Seventh Battalion, York County Militia in the 
Revolution. Anna Mary (Maria) died May 2, 1784, and is buried 
in Pigeon Hill churchyard, York county, Pa. Christian Wiest 
lived in Paradise township, prior to and in 1797 and years after- 
wards. His family moved to Franklin county. Pa., prior to 1836. 
Tradition has it that Christian Wiest, during the last six years of 
his life, was compelled, on account of some offence committed, to 
walk every morning before dawn between two ghosts, one white, 
and the other black. He was enjoined to talk to neither, and the 
morning of his violation of the injunction, he received a stroke of 
paralysis, and immediately died. 

" Doomed for a certain term to walk the night. 

Till the foul crimes done in the days of nature. 

Are burned and purged away.'" 

'App. Note 5. 


(Son of Caspar), 

Was born at Weyler, under Steinsberg, near Sinsheim, in the 
Rhenish Palatinate, (now in Baden), September 3, 17 19, and died 
in York, Pa., in 1804. He was naturalized in Philadelphia, Sep- 
tember 24, 1762. (See Rudolph). The christian name of his wife 
was Anna Margaretha. He resided on the plantation of 326 % acres 
which his father Caspar acquired by occupation and improvement, 
in 1728, and which was later patented to him, Bernhard. This 
land is now owned by Daniel Kohr and sons, and others, and is 
distant about one and a half miles Northeast of York. In pros- 
pecting this section the attention of Bernhard and his father were 
arrested by the magnificent timber, the trees being as straight as 
arrows and of extraordinary height and circumference. Here 
Bernhard determined to settle, and immediately began the con- 
struction of the settler's log-house. What was one hundred and 
sixty-seven years ago an unbroken forest is now a veritable 

Farming by the Indians and Early Settler.s. 

The Indians prior to this settlement farmed a small patch at the 
large spring on this tract. Their methods required the squaws to 
do the tilling. They scratched the ground with sticks, and used 
sharp stones to hoe the corn and beans which they planted, and in 
the fall the cornstalks were burned with the weeds. Long, hard 
stones, used as pestles, and concaved ones used as mortars, have 
been found in various places in York County. They were used 
in grinding the corn into a coarse meal, from which the "Johnny 
Cakes " were made. 

The grain of the early settlers was cut with a sickle, threshed 
with a flail, and the chaff was separated from the grain by both 
being placed on a linen sheet, which two persons took hold of, 
and tossing the contents up in a current of air, a gentle breeze 



- "library 




would blow the chaff away and leave the precious grain. Corn 
was shelled with the hand or flail. Wheat or corn was ground the 
first year or two, in a " Pioneer Mill," a mortar hollowed in the 
end of a log, or a stump, in which it was ground, Indian fashion, 
with a pestle. Soon after the small grist mill run by water power, 
was constructed. During the first season the log-house was com- 
pleted, about fifteen feet long, ten feet wide, and seven feet to the 
roof, at first covered with heavy bark, and after the first year's 
crop was carefully thatched with straw. There was no cellar to 
it. On the garret or " loft," as it was termed was stored the grain 
of the first year's crop. The next winter was spent by the hus- 
band in clearing more land and in taking care of his horse, cow, 
pigs, and sheep, which were expected to huddle together, and live 
harmoniously in one common stable. 

The wife would " ply her evening care " in front of the blazing 
hearth, on which the glowing " black logs " furnished both heat 
and light. 

Bernhard later in life, and prior to 1780 purchased the lot and 
house. No. 172, (65 feet), on the North side of West Philadelphia 
street, York, now owned by J. W. Buckingham, and Mrs. John 
Palmtag, and in which he died in 1804, aged 85 years. 

Children of Bernhard Spengler. 

1. Jonas Spangler. 

2. Rudolph Spangler. 

3. Judith, wife of Henry Rudisill. 

4. Anna Maria, wife of John Wolf. 

5. Maria Margaretha, wife of Jacob Creamer. 

6. Casper Spangler. 


(Son of Bernhard). 
Catherine, his wife, was born April loth, 1741, and died Febru- 
ary 4th, 1810. He lived on the homestead of his father in York 
(now Springettsbury) township until his death, September 19th, 
1 82 1, aged 80 years. He was a member of the second Company 
third Battalion, York County Militia, in the Revolutionary War. 

' App. Note 34. 


The York Gazette of September 25, 1821, says : "Jonas Spangler 
was a good citizen, an upright man, devoted to the cause of re- 
ligion, and has descended to the tomb in the fuUness of years, 
leaving his virtues as an example for imitation of his numerous 

From the York Recorder and Independent Republican of Sep- 
tember 25, 1821 : " Died on Monday last, near this Borough, Jonas 
Spangler, at the advanced age of 77 years. He was one of our 
most worthy and respected citizens." His children were : 
1. JOHN SPANGLER, born November 22, 1777, died November 
28, i860, at the old Jonas Spengler Homestead, now owned by 
Daniel Kohr. Christiana, his wife, was born May 17, 1786, and 
died August 30, i860. Children: 

/. LEAH, deceased wife of PETER HEINDEL, deceased, 
born May 25th, 1807. Children : 
I. Edward Heindel, (dec'd.) 2. William Heindel. 

3. Catherine, wife of Henry Musser, deceased. 

4. Susan Heindel. 5. Rebecca Heindel. 
6. Henry S. Heindel. 7. Charlotte Heindel. 

2. MARY, deceased wife of GEORGE FREY, deceased. 
Children : 

1. William Frey, Capt. of the 87th Reg. Pa. Infty. Band. 

2. John Frey, Minneapolis, Minn. 

3. Eliza, wife of Isaac Runk, East York. 

4. Charles Frey, deceased. 

S. WILLIAM SPANGLER, born April 7th, 1809, died March 
29th, 1890, in Springettsbury township. Catherine, his 
wife, was born September 15th, 1816, died April 4th, 
1882. Children : 

I. William Spangler. 2. John Spangler, Red Lion, Pa. 

3. Zachariah Spangler. 4. Jacob Spangler. 

5. Emanuel Spangler. 6. Alexander Spangler. 
-«. 7. Louise, wife of Alexander Heidelbaugh. 

8. Amanda, wife of Ulrich Shellenberger. 
LINGER, born January 26th, 1811, married March 28th, 
1833, in Springettsbury township. Children: 
I. John Dellinger. 


2. William A. Dellinger, 207th Pa. Infty., killed at 

Petersburg, Va. April 2. 1865. 

3. Anna Dellinger. 

4. Henry Dellinger, Co. E. Sytli Pa. Infty. Died in 

1862, aged 17 years. 

5. Michael Dellinger, 9th Cav. and a member of General 

Grant's body guard. 

6. Lucinda, wife of Samuel Brubaker. 

7. Charles Dellinger, Co. D, 200th Pa. Infty., killed at 

Fort Steadman, 1865. 8. George Dellinger. 

9. Catherine, wife of Edward Brenner. 
10. Malinda, wife of George Miller. 

5. CHARLES SPANGLER, died in East York, May 20th, 

1891, aged 67-9-3. Children: 

I. George Spangler. 2. Frederick Spangler. 

3. Elias Spangler. 4. Jane, wifeof EliasWasser. 

5. Leah, wife of Charles Bush. 

6. Amanda, wife of John Kindig. 

6. JOHN SPANGLER, born July 13th, 181 8, in Springetts- 

bury township, died April 13, 1895. Children: 
I. Israel Spangler. 2. Clayton Spangler. 

7. ELIZABETH SPANGLER, wife of John Cunningham, 

deceased. Born October 17th, 1812, married May 17th, 
1832, died March 7th, 1883, in Springettsbury township. 

1. William Cunningham, County Commissioner. 

2. George Cunningham, deceased. 

3. Eli Cunningham. 4. David Cunningham. 

5. Susan, wife of William Nye, deceased. 

6. Elizabeth, wife of Henry Shultz. 

8. SAMUEL SPANGLER, Hatter, born May 23, 1806, died 

in York, August 15, 1878. Married Elizabeth Frank, 
May 17, 1829. Children: 

1. David Spangler, died in Philadelphia. 

2. Maria, wife of John Dennis. 

3. Mary, wife of James A. Stable, Lieut. Col. 87th Reg. 

Pa. Infty. and present member of Congress. She 


was born Xovember 20, 1832, married December 
25, 1851, died July 3, 1865. Children: 

1. John W. Stable. 

2. Kate, wife of D. H Welsh, merchant. 

3. Dr. R. S. Stable. 

4. Elizabeth, wife of H. ?\I. Everhart. 

5. Charles H. Stable. 

4. Adam Spangler. 

5. Harrison Spangler, Co. H. 87th Pa. Infty., father of 

Dr. Charles Spangler, York, Pa. 
2. RUDOLPH SPANGLER, (son of Jonas), died in York, No- 
vember 2, 1834, aged about 80 years. His wife's name was Chris- 
tiana. He was a member of the Seventh Company, Third Battal- 
lion, York County Alilitia in the Revolution. Children : 

/. SAMUEL SPANGLER, Saddler, York. Born July 12, 
1804, died November 11, 1882. Baptized July 24, 1804. 
He married Maria Wohlhoff, January 25, 1828. Children : 

1. George Spangler, York. Children : 

I. Edward L. Spangler. 2. Walter Spangler. 

2. Alexander Spangler, York. Children : 

I. Arthur ]\I. Spangler. 2. Robert A. Spangler. 

3. ]\Iary M. Spangler. 4, Annie E. Spangler. 

5. Ida M. Spangler. 6. George S. Spangler. 

7. Carrie Spangler. 8. Elmer C. Spangler. 

2. DANIEL SPANGLER, Coach Trimmer, York, born March 

18, 1807, died in 1877. Children : 

1. Albert Spangler. 

2. Daniel Spangler, Company K., 2nd Pa. Infantry. 

3. Evaline, wife of Charles Litchfield. Second husband, 

Harry Fite, Atlantic City. 

4. ]\Ialinda, deceased wife of David Shultz, Internal Rev- 

enue Collector. 

3. JULIA ANN, wife of GEORGE EPPLEY, York, Pa. 

sicklesmith, deceased. Married February 22, 181 8. 
George Eppley died July 4, 1835, aged 40 years. Chil- 
dren : 

1. Jacob Eppley, moved West. 

2. Caroline, wife of Shekel, went West. 


4. CHARLOTTE, wife of HENRY WOLF. Married May 

12, 1833, went West. 
f. ANNA MARL\ SPANGLER, died unmarried, in 1844. 
3. JACOB SPANGLER, (son of Jonas), Saddler, York, born May 
28, 1792, married Sarah Kranmer April 17, 181 2, and died March 
10, 1868, aged 78-10 months. Children : 

/. ALEXANDER SPANGLER, died without children. 

2. CASSANDRA SPANGLER, died without children, April 

27, 1891, aged 75-4-24. 
J. LEVI SPANGLER, Company A., 107th Pa, Infantry, died 
from disease contracted in the service, May 3, 1863, aged 
50-3-11. Children: 

I. Clement Spangler. 2. Henry C. Spangler, 

Company K., 87th Pa. Infantry, Harrisburg, Pa. 

3. Grafton D. Spangler. 

4. Salome, wife of Samuel Weiser, York. 

5. Emma, wife of Daniel O. Stein. 


(Son of Bernhard). 

Born May 10, 1748, baptized May 19, 1749, and died in York 
township, York county. Pa., January 4, 1816. Children: 
1. BERNHARD SPANGLER, born April 15, 1772, baptized June 
24, 1772. Married Elizabeth Strominger, and moved to Franklin 
county. Pa., prior to 1844. Children: 

/. DANIEL SPANGLER, born March 25, 1794, baptized 
June 8, 1794. Married Louisa H. Frey, November 3, 
1829. Was deputy County Clerk and deputy Sheriff of 
Franklin county. Pa.; teller, and subsequently cashier of 
the Chambersburg, Pa., Bank. He died in Chambersburg 
January 20th 1845. Children: 

1. Charles Barnet Spangler, Jeweler, born February 6th, 

1833, died December 2nd, 1853. 

2. J. Spangler, Druggist, Chambersburg, Pa. 

2. SARAH, wife of THOMAS J. EARLEY, born March 23, 


1805, married at Cbambersburg, Pa., November 12, 1829. 
Children : 

1. Daniel Spangler Earley, (Printer). 

2. Sarah E. Earley. 3. Robert Earley. 
4. Nancy Earley. 5. Rebecca Earley. 
6. Emma L. Earley. 7. Thomas Earley. 
8. Louise Earley. 

(All Dead). The living children are: 

1. Barnet Spangler Earley, Teller U. S. Treasury, Phila- 

delphia, Pa. 

2. Sarah Jane, wife of Alfred Matthews, Shippensb'g, Pa. 

3. Helen, wife of George Mustin, of Philadelphia, Pa. 

Son, Paul ]\Iustin. 
J. JOHN SPANGLER, Chairmaker, Cbambersburg, Pa., died 
October, 1856. Married to Lydia C. Oaks, who died 
in May 1856. Children: 

1. Elizabeth N., wife of W. H. Sellers, both deceased. 

Children : 

I. Delia M. Sellers. 2. Walter Spangler Sellers. 

2. Katherinc, wife of George A. Wood, Chambersb'g, Pa. 

4. REBECCA, wife of J. G. Martin, Bedford, Pa., born in 

Cbambersburg, Pa., August 26, 1808, married May 27, 
1827, ^i^^ February 7, 1840. Children: 

1. Daniel ^lartin. Druggist, Philadelphia, Pa. 

2. John B. ]\Iartin, (dead). 

3. Robert S. Martin, killed at the Battle of Antietam. 

4. William L. Martin, killed at the battle of Pocatalico,S.C. 

5. John G. Martin. 6. Mrs. S. E. Huber, Pbilada., Pa. 

5. JACOB SPANGLER, Printer, died on the U. S. Frigate 

Constellation, September 29, 1834, in the Harbor of 
Mahon, of Asiatic cholera. 

6. CHARLES BARNET SPANGLER, Printer, died in 

Baltimore, Md. 

2. DANIEL SPANGLER, (son of Rudolph), wife Anna Maria. 
He moved to Lancaster, Fairfield county, Ohio. 

3. JONAS SFANGLFR, (son of Rudolph), baptized November 
8, 1778, died 1821. Eve, his wife died in 1818. He moved to 
Wayne county, Ohio, Children : 


/. RUDOLPH SPANGLER, Wayne county, Ohio. 
2, JOHN SPANGLER, " " " 


4. RUDOLPH SPANGLER, JR., moved to Centre county. Pa., 
prior to 1844. Catherine, his wife, was a daughter of John Roth. 
A daughter, Juliana, was born to them x^ugust 3, 1813, baptized 
October 20, 1813. 

5. EMANUEL SPANGLER, School Teacher, prior to 1834. 
Died in Wrightsville, Pa., after 1844. His wife's name was Bar- 
bara. Children : 

/. CASPER, born June 30, 1814, baptized October 13, 1814. 
2. REBECCA, born Sept. 9, 1815, baptized March 16, 1817. 
J. RACHEL, born Jan. 18, 1817, baptized March 16, 1817. 

4. CHARLOTTE, married a Peter Dellinger, and moved 

West where she died. 

6. HENRY SPANGLER, York, died without issue. 

7. MARY, wife of Wn.LL^M SMITH, moved to Spring town- 
ship. Centre County, Pa. Afterwards moved to Iowa. 

8. MARGARET, (Cradle) HAUK, afterwards resumed the name 
of Spangler. Died in York Feb. 28, 1850, aged 82-2-16. Son: 

/. JOHN SPANGLER, moved to the West. 

9. ELIZABETH, wife of PETER NEFF, born April 22, 1796, 
baptized July 1,1798. Moved to Wayne county, Ohio. Child: 

/. SAMUEL, born September 29, 1823. 

10. CATHERINE, wife of GEORGE LOHNBERGER, born June 

9, 1790, baptized June 27, 1790. Married May 21, 1809. Children: 


3. MARY, wife of JACOB STEEL. 


5. GODFREY LOHNBERGER, all of Bellefonte, Pa. 

11. JOHN SPANGLER, Weaver, born May 20, 1777, baptized 
July 27, 1777, died in East York, September 11, 1852. Elizabeth 
was the name of his wife. Children : 

/. ZACHARIAH SPANGLER, born September 19, 1806, 
married September 30, 1832, died September 2, 1885. 
Barbara, his wife was born in 1808, and died August 6, 
1853, in Springettsbury township. Children. 


1. Benjamin Casper Spangler, Springettsbury township. 

2. Sophie, wife of George Marley, Columbia, Pa. 

3. Susanna, wife of Alfred Richards, Springettsbury 


4. Michael Spangler, dead. 5. Harry A. Spangler, dead. 

2. DANIEL SPANGLER, born October 28, 1809, died in 

Ohio. Children : 

1. Rolandus Spangler, Galveston, Texas. 

2. Margaret, wife of Wilson Dcx^rment, Bexar county, 


3. Rudolph Spangler, Memphis, Tenn. 

3. HENRY SPANGLER, born March 9, 181 1, died without 


4. SUSANNA, wife of DANIEL WEISER, married Novem- 

ber 14, 1852. Both died in East York. Child : 
I. William J. Weiser, East York. 


(Daughter of Bernhard), 

Born September i, 1754, married May 27, 178 1, died before 1806. 
Child : 
1. SUSAN RUDISILL, born in 1788. 


(Daughter of Bernhard). 

Born February 19, 1760. Married October 21, 1779. John W^olf 
was a Church Organ Maker of York, and died in 1804. Children: 
I.JOHN WOLF, JR. Children: 

/. LEAH, wife of JOHN ENNY, died in Columbia, Pa. 
Children : 

1. George Enny, died in Northern Pennsylvania. 

2. Thomas Enny, Illinois. 

3. John H. Enny, was killed at the Battle of the Wilder- 

ness, Virginia. 

r '^ 


I ^f:^:^0^> LENOX A^:, 


' ?•' FO 


2. JULIA, wife of GEORGE SCHREINER, Marietta, Pa. 
Married August 21, 1828; both dead. Children: 

1. Geo. W. Schreiner, Marietta, Pa. 

2. Mary A. Brenneman, West. 

3. Wm. H. Schreiner, Marietta, Pa. 

4. H. M. Schreiner, deceased. 

5. Julia Sargent, Marietta, Pa. 6. Sallie Balis, Phila. 
J. GEORGE WOLF, Iron Merchant, died 1858, at Columbia, 


Fro7n the York Peoples' Advocate^ of December 28^ iS^8. 

Mr. Wolf was born in this Borough, and made his home in York during the 
earlier years of his life. In his early manhood he removed to Columbia, where 
he continued to reside until the grim messenger. Death, closed his eyes forever in 
this world. It was in Columbia that these sterling traits of character were devel- 
oped which won the confidence, esteem and love of the citizens of his adopted 
Borough, to an extent seldom attained by any man. In his death, Columbia has 
met with an irreparable loss — the loss of one of her foremost and best citizens, 
whose place can never be filled, for although indeed Columbia can boast of many 
noble men, she has but one George Wolf It was the fortune of the writer of this 
notice to live side by side in neighborly and daily intercourse with the deceased, 
for many, many years, and he has never met with a nobler specimen of a man 
than Mr. W, he who continually overflowed "with the milk of human kind- 
ness," and whose life's delight it was to minister to the happiness of others. Alas! 
the "places that knew him once will know him no more for ever," and Death in 
him has claimed a "bright and shining light" for its own, leaving but to those 
who survive him the memory of his noble nature, genial disposition and generous 
heart, who will cherish his memory while Time shall be for them, and the ex- 
ample of his good deeds remain continually in their vision. Farewell, my friend ! 
— sad and bitter is the parting, but the grim monster severs all ties in his ruthless 
career. I "knew him but to love him," and in no ordinary spirit of sorrow and 
regret is this brief tribute penned to the worth of my departed, noble friend. 
Farewell ! T. D. C. 

Children : 

1. Elizabeth, wife of Robert Ryan, Columbia, Pa. 

2. Charlotte, wife of President Judge James Ryan, Potts- 

ville. Pa. 

3. Mary, wife of John A. Hook, Columbia, Pa. 
4. JOHN WOLF, Quincy, Illinois. 

2. LYDIA, wife of HENRY MYERS, died at Columbia, Pa., in 
1 88 1, aged 87 years. Child : 

/. HENRY MYERS, died at Columbia, Pa. Children : 
I. Jacob Myers, died in the Army. 


2. Christina, wife of William Wilson, Lancaster, Pa. 

3. Dr. John W. Myers, Columbia, Pa. 

4. George L. Myers, Columbia, Pa. 

5. Mary, wife of George Gamber, Columbia, Pa. 

6. Sarah, wife of Edward A. Martin, Columbia, Pa. 

7. Caroline, wife of Robert Hamilton, Columbia, Pa. 

8. Emma F., wife of David A. Weiser, deceased, York, Pa. 

3. CATHERINE, wife of JAMES LONG, Columbia, Pa. Born 
December, 30, 1802. Children : 

/. CATHERINE, wife of HOWARD LITTLE, Iron Mer- 
chant, Pittsburg, Pa. 

2. , wdfe of McKAY, Iron Merchant, 

Pittsburg, Pa. 

3. ANNA, wife of DAVID EVANS, Superintendent of Water 

Works, Pittsburg, Pa. 

4. ADAM WOLF, born December 25, 1800, died in Frederick, 
Md. Children : 

7. LEW^IS WOLF, Wholesale Grocer, Baltimore, :\Id. 
2. WILLIAM WOLF, Merchant Tailor, Baltimore, Md. 
J. GEORGE H. WOLF, Cashier Frederick Bank, Frederick, 
Md. Deceased. Children : 

1. Florence I., wife of Marshal Font. 

2. George H. Wolf. 3. Lewis E. Wolf, Fred'k., Md. 

4. THOMAS WOLF, deceased, Frederick, Md. Children : 

1. Holten Wolf. 5. Thomas H. Wolf. 

2. Caroline Wolf. 6. Charles R. Wolf. 

3. Percy Wolf. 7. William B. Wolf. 

4. Florence S. Wolf. 

5. FRANK WOLF, Wholesale Grocer, Baltimore, Md. 

6. MARY, wife of WILLIAM BROWN, Baltimore, I\Id. 

7. ALICE WOLF, Baltimore, Md. 

5. JACOB WOLF, born November 4, 1799, died in Newberry 
township, York county, Pa. Child : 

I. JACOB WOLF, deceased. Children : 

1. Silas Wolf, Lieutenant United States Army. 

2. Leroy J. Wolf, Attorney-At-Law, Harrisburg, Pa. 

3. John Wolf, Landisville, Pa. 

4. Augustus Wolf, deceased. 


6. DANIEL WOLF, born June 27, 1790, died in York childless. 

7. ABRAHAM WOLF, died in York in 1862, aged 80 years. 
Children : 

/. HENRY WOLF, died in 1859. Children : 

1. Sarah, wife of John Ziegler, Frankfort, Ky. 

2. Anna, wife of William Palsgrove, Frankfort, Ky. 

3. Eliza, wife of John G. Shaffer, York, Pa. 

4. Frederick Wolf, Springdale, Texas. 

5. William Wolf, deceased. 



(Daughter of Bernhard), 

Born November 27, 1768, died March 6, 1846, aged 79 years. 
Jacob Cremer died January 7, 1836, aged 70 years. Children : 

1. DANIEL CREMER, deceased, married Polly Reisinger, de- 
ceased. Children : 

/. ALBERT CREMER, Shrewsbury, Pa. 

2. JACOB CREMER, married Catherine Weaver April 26, 1829, 
and died January 17, 1867, aged 61 years. No issue. 

3. JOHN CREMER, died unmarried March 12, 1854, aged 47 

4. MARY, wife of MARTIN AUSTIN, deceased, married July 
17, 1828, and died May 17, 1838, aged 30 years. Child: 

/. JACOB M. AUSTIN, York, Pa. Child : 
I. John Wesley C. Austin, York. 


(Son of Bernhard). 

Was born October 10, 1766, died in 1804 on his farm at what is 
now known as vSmall's Mill, two miles Northeast of York. Mar- 
ried Catherine, daughter of Captain Yost Harbaugh, of the Revo- 


lutionar>' War.' She was born December 8, 1769, died February 
28, 1850, aged 82-2-20, and her remains lie in Prospect Hill 
Cemetery. Children : 

1. JACOB SPANGLER, born February 16, 1800, died June 1884. 
Married Sarah Rogers, February 19, 1824, "^^'^^o ^i^^ December 24, 
1 86 1, aged 62 years. He was a cooper in East York, and after- 
wards removed to North Water street, York, and engaged in the 
business of coopering until a short time before his death. Children: 

7. WILLI A:\I a. SPAXGLER, Company A., i6th Pa. Infty. 

2. JACOB C. SPAXGLER, Baltimore, Md. 

3. ADALIXE, wife of JOHX SCHROM, who was killed at 

the battle of Cold Harbor, in 1864. 

4. JOHX F. SPAXGLER, Lieutenant of Company A., 87th 

Regiment Pa. Inft, killed at the battle of Monocacy, Md. 
Children : 

1. Howard Spangler, died without issue. 

2. Laura Spangler, unmarried, Chicago, 111. 

2. SAMUEL SPANGLER, Tobacconist, born January 8, 1798, 
baptised, December 22, 1798, married August 25, 1822, Elizabeth 
Bower. He removed and died in the West. Children : 



3. ELIZABETH, wife of CHRISTLAX MILLER, born October 
I, 1790, baptized X^ovember 21, 1790, died May 10, 1871, in the 
village of Pleasureville. Pa. She was married September 16, 
1809. Children: 

/. JACOB MILLER, Pleasureville, Pa. 

2. ZACHARIAH MILLER, Spring Grove, Pa. 

3. BEXJAMIX MILLER, Pleasureville, Pa. 

4. WILLIAM MILLER, East York, Pa. 

5. SUSAX, wife of JOHX HIVELY. 

6. SARAH, deceased wife of SAMUEL HIVELY. Children : 

1. George Hively. 3. Enos Hively. 

2. William Hively. 4. Jane, wife of George Miller. 

All of York county. Pa. 

7. ELIZA, wife of DAXIEL BILLET. Child : 

lApp. Note S. 


I. Melvina, second wife of Emanuel G. Keller, of Pleas- 
ureville, Pa. 
8. JOHN MILLER, Wenwood county, Ohio. 

4. CATHERINE, wife of HENRY MILLER, born June 4, 1792, 
died March 8, 1874, at New Paradise, York county. Pa. Married 
May I, 1 8 14. Children : 

/. SARAH, deceased wife of JOHN SNYDER, New Para- 
dise, Pa. Children : 

1. Julian, deceased first wife of Emanuel G. Keller. 

2. Frank Snyder, New Paradise, Pa. 

3. Annie M., wife of Lewis Snyder, Winterstown, Pa. 

4. Pius Snyder, New Paradise, Pa. 
2. SAMUEL MILLER, York, deceased. 

5. EVA, wife of PETER SCHWARTZ, born December 4, 1793, 
baptized February 28, 1794, died February 24, 1877. Married 
1811. Peter Schwartz, died January 10, 1856, aged 70 years, 4 
months and 25 days. Children : 

/. PETER SWARTZ, born July 6, 1816, died. Children : 

1. William Swartz. 

2. Jacob Swartz. 

3. Sarah, wife of George Eckert, Hanover, Pa. 

4. Mary, wife of Charles L. Trone, Hanover, Pa. 

5. Elizabeth, wife of A. E. Rieker, York. 

2. ISAAC SWARTZ, born August 16, 1819, died May 11, 

1859. Children: 

I. Rebecca, wife of William Plymire. 2. Henry Swartz. 
S. SUSAN, wife of INIICHAEL PETERS, born January 12, 

1 81 2, died August 11, 1852, aged 40 years. Child: 

I. Melvina, wife of John Zellers. 

4. CATHERINE, wife of Jacob Johnson. Children: 

1. Susan, wife ol Vincent Kamerer. 

2. Minerva, wife of Jacob Druck. 

3. Sarah J., wife of William Zinn. 

5. REBEKA, wife of JACOB FORST, Baltimore, Md., born 

July 6, 1829. 

6. SUSAN, wife of SAMUEL KLINGEMAN, born May 22, 1804, 
in York, died May 24, 1855, in Hamilton county, Ind. Children: 

/. MARY A., wife of WILLIAM WALTZ, born September 


I, 1823, died December 13, 1872, in East Germantown, 
Ind. (No issue.) 

2. ELIZABETH, wife of HENRY WISE, born May 19, 1825, 
died in 1861, in Oxford county, Iowa. Child : 
I. Rebecca, wife of Abraham Long, afterwards of Adam 
Condo, East Germantown, Ind. Children : 

1. Harriet, wife of Dr. E. M. Palmer, Warren, Ind. 

2. Edward J. Condo, Moline, 111. 

J. CATHERINE, wife of HENRY HUBER, East German- 
town, Ind., born August 19, 1831. Children: 

1. Sarah, wife of Geo. Stambaugh, Cambridge City, Ind. 

2. Ella, wife of Tobias ^Murray, East Germantown, Ind. 

3. Henry Huber, East Germantown, Ind. 

4. Clara C, wife of George Reigel, Cambridge City, Ind. 

5. Ollie Huber. 6. Frank W. Huber. 
7. lona H., wife of Samuel Kinsinger. 

4. SAMUEL KLINGEMAN, East Germantown, Ind., born 
October 27, 1838. Children: 
I. Henry Klingeman. 2. Adam Klingeman. 

3. iNIary ]\Iahala Klingeman. 

4. Emaline, wife of Simon Rink, Richmond, Ind. 

5. Sarah Klingeman. 6. John E. Klingeman. 
7. Harriet Klingeman. 8. Luretta Klingeman. 
9. Katie Klingeman. 10. Samuel Klingeman. 

II. Grover C. Klingeman. 


(Son of Bernhard). 
Born January 29, 1758, baptized April 2, 1758, died without issue. 


(Son of Caspar). 

Rudolph was born March i, 1721, at Weyler, under Steinsberg, 
on the Elsenz, in the Rhenish Palatinate, now in Baden, and came 
with his father and mother and brothers Jonas and Bernhard and 
sister Anna Maria, to America in 1727. He was naturalized Sep- 
tember 24, 1762. His brother Jonas and he, prior to 1738, were 
located by their father on 719 acres of land near the Little Cone- 
wago Creek, on the " Conococheague Road," afterwards in Para- 
dise township, (now Jackson), seven miles West of York, subse- 
quently known as the Spangler Valley. Every acre of this tract 
forty years ago was occupied and owned by Spanglers. 

Early Roads and Transportation. 

The Conococheague Road, (now part of the York and Gettys- 
burg Turnpike), led from a point where the Monocacy Road, five 
miles West of the Codorus Creek made a bend to the Southwest, 
to Fort Conococheague, in the Cumberland Valley, near the present 
town of Waynesboro. 

The Monocacy and Conococheague Roads were traders' or mis- 
sionary routes, and generally followed the Indian trails. For 
nearly half a century after the first settlements were made, much 
of the transportation of goods was done by means of pack horses. 

Huge sacks, wallets and baskets, or panniers were constructed 
for such purposes. In this way produce was taken to Lancaster, 
York, Baltimore and Philadelphia. Horsemen could be seen al- 
most surrounded with poultry, flax, butter, pork, etc., even live 
calves and sheep were thus " taken to market." Much of the mer- 
chandise was transported in the same manner. An old record says, 
as many as 500 pack horses were in Ca rlisle at one time, and possi- 
bly the same number in York, at a very early day, all on their 


way westward or southward. Some of them carried "bars of iron 
hooked over and aronnd their bodies;" barrels or kegs were hnng 
on either side of them. 

Pack horses were generally led in divisions of ten or fifteen 
horses, each horse carrying about 200 weight, going single file and 
managed by two men, one going before the leader and the other 
in the rear of the last horse. Pack horses had generally bells on 
them, which were kept from jingling during the day time, and 
were put on them at night while at pasture. Wagons came in use 
very early in Southern Pennsylvania. Wagon roads were opened 
as early as 1745. Sleds were put into prominent use during the 
winter season. Hundreds of them came to York at one time as 
early as 1760. 

There was much opposition to the opening of wagon roads by 
owners of pack horses. As an evidence, however, that wagon roads 
were abundant in York county very early, from official records it 
is known that in 1755, Benjamin Franklin, the Postmaster Gen- 
eral of Pennsylvania, obtained 150 wagons, 250 pack horses in 
York, Lancaster and Cumberland counties for Braddock's expedi- 
tion to Fort Du-quesne, now Pittsburg. The writer's maternal 
great-grand father, Yost Harbaugh, (afterwards a Captain in active 
service in the Revolutionary War)' when but fourteen years of age 
was a teamster in this expedition. 

Many of the first wagons made by our forefathers were entirely 
of wood, the wheels formed by sawing the trunks of huge gum, 
hickor}' or white oak trees. Madame Riedesel, passed through 
York county with her husband. General Riedesel, the Hessian 
General, taken prisoner at the battle of Saratoga, en-route to their 
place of captivity in Virginia. She describes our roads of the 
period 1776: "We passed through a picturesque portion of the 
country, which however by reason of the wildness inspired us with 
terror. Often we were in danger of our lives while going over 
these breakneck roads." 

Subsequently wagoning to Philadelphia and Baltimore became 
a great business, taking to these markets the grain, distilled 
liquors, etc., and returning with goods and merchandise for local 
merchants or to be hauled to towns farther north and west. Car- 

iA.pp. Note 8. 


thonotary ortne Supream Court 
of the Province of Pennfyhania^ 
DO hereby certify, That at a Supream Court held at Phi- 
ladelphia^ tor the faid Province of Pcji7:fyha?iia^ \}ciQ\%cf/>7iy^' 
<^i^/^"ZDay of K/c^^^h^TT^^-^^^^w the Year of our Lord; 
One 'T'lniujaftd Se^jen HumJrpd ajiid \y^i<xy^ ^^c<^ — -Before 

Efquires, Judges of the faid Cour^^^etweeii the Hours)of 
Nine and Twelve oLthe Clock in the Forenoon of the fanic 
Day, C^^^^v/ t^^na-dt^ --of (^a^^^ 

in the County of ^^^^^ 
being a Foreigner, and having inhabited andTended for the 
Space of Seven Years in His Majefty's Colonies in America^ 
and not having been abfent out of fome of the faid Colonies 
for a longer Time than Two Months at any one Time dur- 
ing the faid Seven Years. And the faid A**^t^t^ t^t^»tv»,fV^ — ^ 
having produced to the faid Court, a Certi-y 
iicate, of his having taken the Sacrament of the Lord's Sup- 
per within Three Montlis before the faid Court, took and 
fubfcribed the Oaths, and did make and repeat the Declara- 
tion (appointed by an A6t, made in the Firft Year of the 
Reign of King GEORGE the Firfl) according to the 
Diredions of an Ad: of Parliament, made in the Thirteenth 
Year of His late Majefty King GEO RG E the Second, 
intituled, A;i AEt for 7iaticralizing fuch forcigji Protejla/its^ 
a?id others^ therein me^itiofied^ as are Jettled in any of His 
Majcjlys Colonies in America ; and thereupon was admitted 
to be His Majefty 's natural born Subjed of the Kingdom of 
Great-Britain^ purfuant to the Dirccftion and Intent of the 
faid A61 of Parliament. In TeJiif?iony v/hereof, I have here- 
unto fet my Hand, and afBxcd the Seal of the Supream 

Court, the ^ //'^~ Day of y^^l^€<rr> ^ /^ jn 

tnc Year iirff above mentioned. ^^ /- /n y 





riages are a luxury of recent use ; and the old-time methods of 
harvesting the crops were both lively and picturesque. ' 

Land Warrant Issued to Casper Spengler, 1738, by the 

Proprietaries, for the Lands Subsequently Patented 

TO Jonas Spengler's Heirs and Rudolph Spengler. 


"Whereas — Casper Spingler of the County of Lancaster requested that we 
would grant him to take up six hundred acres of land situate on the Conogocheague 
Road, about one mile from Little Conewago Creek, in the said County of Lancas- 
ter, for which he agrees to pay for our use the simi of Fifteen Pounds Ten Shillings 
current money of this Province for every hundred acres, and the yearly Quit Rent 
of one Halfpenny Sterling for every acre thereof; These are therefore to authorize 
and require thee to survey or cause to be surveyed unto the said Casper Spingler, 
at the place aforesaid, according to the Method of Townships appointed, the said 
quantity of six hundred acres if not already surveyed or appropriated, and make 
return thereof to the Secretary's Office in order for further confirmation; for which 
this shall be thy sufficient warrant; which survey in case the said Casper Spingler 
fulfil the above agreement within six months from the date hereof shall be valid 
otherwise void. 

"Given under my hand and the lesser seal of our Province at Philadelphia, this 
1 6th day of October, 1738. 

"Thos. Penn. [seal.] 

"To Benjamin Eastburn, Surveyor General." 

Patents to Jonas Spengler's Heirs and Rudolph Spengler 
For Lands in Paradise Township, York County. 

In pursuance of the above warrant, the land above described 
was alleged to have been surveyed subsequently, and bounded by 
lines of marked trees. The survey could not have been official 
for it is not found among the Surveys in the Land Department at 
Harrisburg, The right to said land became vested in Jonas 
Spengler and Rudolph Spengler, two of the sons of said Caspar 
during the life time of Caspar. Upon the death of Jonas, in 1762, 
his right and interest descended to his widow and minor children. 
Rudolph Spengler, for himself, and in trust for the widow and 
children of Jonas, deceased, procured a warrant, dated November 
8, 1763, for resurveying and dividing the same as improved 
and possessed by them, the said Rudolph, and the widow and 
heirs of Jonas, severally and respectively. 

In pursuance thereof a resurvey was made the 5th day of Oc- 

lApp. Note 6. 


tober, 1765, of the "six hundred acres" of iand described in the 
warrant of October 16, 1738, on the Conogocheague road near Lit- 
tle Conewago Creek, in accordance with the lines of marked trees 
made by the original alleged survey. The inference is that the 
only survey originally made was by marking certain trees as the 
boundary lines ; for on this resurvey the six hundred acres, men- 
tioned in the warrant of 1738, measured seven hundred and nineteen 
acres," and allowance of six acres per cent, for roads, etc." Of this 
quantity 356 acres were measured to Rudolph Spengler, and 363 
acres and 154 perches to Rudolph Spengler, in trust for the widow 
and heirs of Jonas Spengler, and Patents to them respectively were 
issued for the same " by Thomas Perm, and Richard Penn, through 
John Penn, true and Absolute Proprietors and Governors in Chief 
of the Province of Pennsylvania, dated the 14th day of October, 
1767, the 7th year of the Reign of King George the Third over 
Great Britain, etc., and the 50th year of the said Proprietors' Gov- 

The deed is endorsed, " Patent Rudolph Spengler, Spenglesberg, 
York county.'' This 356 tract was bounded by lands of Jacob 
Wiest, John Myers, Philip Crist, John Appleman, and the said 
heirs of Jonas Spengler, deceased. The consideration lor this pat- 
ent to Rudolph was the payment of 50 pounds, 8 shillings law- 
ful money of Pennsylvania, and the yearly Quit Rent of one half 
penny sterling for ever}' acre thereof, if the same thereof is coin 
current according as the exchange shall be between said Province 
and the City of London. 

The grant was in ^'' free and common socage by fealty zn lien of 
all other services^ and included all the Mines^ Minerals^ Quarries^ 
Marshes^ Savannahs^ Stvamps^ Cripples^ IVoods^ Underwoods^ 
Trees^ Timbers^ JVays, Waters^ Waterconrses^ Liberties, Profits, 
Commodities, Advantages, Hereditaments, and Appurtenances, 
whatsoever thereto belonging. Three full and clear fifths parts of 
all the Royal Mines, free from all dcductiojis and reprisals, for dig- 
ging and refitting the same and also one fifth part of the ore of all 
other mines delivered at the Pitts Mouth only excepted a?id hereby 
reserved. '''' 

In 1769 Rudolph was assessed 15 acres of grain, 3 horses, 3 cows 
and 2 sheep. He, by articles of agreement dated April 12, 1781, 


sold the 356 acres of land to Henry Spengler and Bernhard Speng- 
ler, his sons, for 480 ponnds, reserving fifty acres thereof for his 
own use during his life. After Rudolph's death, his widow, Bar- 
bara, and his children executed deeds dated March 13, 1787, to 
said Henry and Bernhard for said land ; the land conveyed to 
Henry being bounded by lands of Philip Crist, and contained 180 
acres, and allowance of six per cent, of roads, etc., and the consid- 
eration paid being 225 pounds sterling. Upon the death of Henry, 
two of his sons, John and Rudolph, acquired the title to the same by 
purchase. On April 15, 1833, John and Rudolph by deed made a 
division of this land, the portion taken by Rudolph measuring loi 
acres and 61 perches. This tract in Jackson township, (formerly 
Paradise) was purchased by David Myers in 1857, from the admin- 
istrators of Rudolph Spengler, deceased ; and is now owned by 
Jonas Myers, heir of David Myers, deceased. The large spring on 
this tract was, during the Indian occupation, the camping ground 
of the red man. Tomahawks by the score and arrow-heads by the 
hundred were found around it forty years ago, upon the forests 
being felled and the soil turned up by the plough. 

Rudolph Spengler's Administration. 

Rudolph Spengler died about 1782 and his remains were inter- 
red in the Pigeon Plill churchyard. Letters of administration on 
his personal estate were granted November 9, 1784, to Philip Jacob 
and his wife Barbara (late the widow of the said Rudolph Speng- 
ler,) and George Kann, one of his sons-in-law. The administration 
account was stated by the distinguished Revolutionary Soldier, 
Congressman and Lawyer, Col. Thomas Hartley,' and filed in the 
Register's office of York county. Pa., November 27, 1789.^ 

Rudolph Spengler's Children: 

1. Henry Spangler. 

2. Bernhard Spangler. 

3. Catherine, wife of George Kann. 

4. Anna Maria, wife of Frederick Decker. 

5. Magdalena, wife of John Ditti. 

lApp. Note 33. 
'App. Note 7. 



(Son of Rudolph). 

He was born August 3, 1753, and died August 9, 1826. He was 
a member of the Seventh Company, Seventh Battalion, York 
County Militia, in the Revolution.' He married Catherine, daughter 
of Peter Mohr(in Henry Spangler's company in the Revolution) and 
Magdalena Mohr. She was born December 26, 1765, and died De- 
cember 18, 1835. Both are buried in the Pigeon Hill churchyard, 
Paradise township. He owned two farms in York and two in Ad- 
ams county. In 1789 he was assessed as personalty 2 horses and 
two cows. The children were: 

1. HENRY SPANGLER, Jr., died near Pinetown, Adams county, 
Pa. Children; 

/. ELIZABETH, wife of SOLOMON MOOSE, afterwards 

married Joseph Schwartz, and moved west. Child with 

first husband: 

I, Catherine, wife of William Wagner, East Berlin, Pa. 
Children with second husband : 

I. Anna Mary Schwartz. 2. William H. Schwartz. 

3. Joseph F. Schwartz. 4. Luther A. Schwartz. 

5. Barbara E. Schwartz. 6. Sarah L. Schwartz. 

7. Justina Schwartz. 8. David Schwartz. 

9. George N. Schwartz. All in the West, 

2. GEORGE SPANGLER, died in 1892. Children: 

1. Frederick Spangler. 

2. Louisa, wife of Daniel Groscost. 

3. Elizabeth, wife of Edward Alwine. 

4. Sevilla, wife of John Lochman. 

5. Kate, wife of Milton Wertz. 

6. Mary, wife of William Crawford ; Adams county. Pa. 

7. Hettie, wife of Barney Kemper. 

3. JOSEPH SPANGLER, dead. Children : 

I. Sarah, wife of Samuel Weaver. 

'App. Note 34. 


2. Kate Spangler, New Oxford, Pa. 

3. Ellen, wife of Franklin Howe. 4. Jennie Spangler. 
5. Grace Spangler; Adams county, Pa. 

4. RUDOLPH SPANGLER, dead. Children : 

1. Susan Spangler. 3. John Spangler. 

2. Henry Spangler. 4. George Spangler. 

All of Adams county. Pa. 
2. ABRAHAM SPANGLER, married Elizabeth Fishel. Moved 
in 1834 to Ashland county, Ohio, and in 1854 to near Evansport, 
Defiance county, Ohio. He was born in York county, January 29, 
1794, and died near Evansport, Ohio, June 5, 1876. His wife was 
born in York county, March 16, 1800, and died at Evansport, May 
23, 1872. Their children were : 

/. SUSAN, wife of NELSON SLATER, La Grange, Indiana, 
born Dec. 25, 1818, and is dead. Mr. Slater, was born 
Aug. 28, 1818, and died Sept. 28, 1887. Children : 

1. Elizabeth M., wife of Samuel Preston, La Grange, 

Ind. Children : 

1. Nelson Preston. 3. Cora Preston. 

2. Edward Preston. 4. Susan Preston. 

2. Mahala, wife of Plempton Hoagland, La Grange, Ind. 

Children : 

1. Margie, wife of William Stough. 

2. Herbert Hoagland. 3. Sarah Hoagland. 

3. James Slater, married Alice Moore and moved to Glen 

ville, Kern county, Cal. Children: 

I. Howard M. Slater. 2. Andrew N. Slater. 

3. Cecil blater. 4. 

George blater. 

5. Byron Slater, 6. 

Gordon Slater. 

7. James Slater. 8. 

Elsie Slater. 

9. Susan Slater. 10. 

Elias Slater. 

Randolph Slater, La Grange 

i, Ind., married Sarah Put- 

ney. Children : 

I. Gracie Slater. 2. 

Ray Slater. 

3. Vernon Slater. 4. 

James Slater. 

5. John H. Slater. 6. 

Bayard T. Slater. 

7. Elisha H. Slater. 8. 

Vera May Slater. 

All of La Grange, Ind., except James Slater; all eight are dead. 


_'. PETER SPANGLER, Evansport, Ohio, born February 
22, 1 82 1, married Anna Maria Cory. The great-grand- 
mother of Anna Maria was the daughter of an Irish Lord 
and fell in love with her father's handsome butler. Her 
parents objecting to the alliance, they left the old castle, 
were married and emigrated to America, lived happily 
and reared a large family, who became successful and 
patriotic Americans. Children: 
I. John Spangler. 2. Melvina Spangler. - 

3. Emma Spangler. 

4. Emmett E. Spangler, Attorney-at-law, Norwalk, Ohio, 

5. Tola M. Spangler. 6. Alice Spangler. 
7. Cora Spangler. 8. Kate Spangler. 
9. Frank Spangler. 

All of Evansport, Ohio, except Emmett E. Spangler. 
J. MARY, wife of JONATHAN MYERS, Jeromeville, O., 
dead, was born in 1827. Children: 

1. Jacob Myers married Elizabeth Jackson. Children: 

I. Melville Myers. 2. Cora Myers. 

3. Vernice Myers. 4. Preston Myers. 

Jeromeville, Ohio. 

2. Mary Myers. 

3. Almira, wife of — Weidler, child Mary Weidler. 

4. Frank Myers. 5. Emma Myers. 

6. Henry Myers. 

7. Jane, wife of Leander Hall, Evansport, O. Children : 

1. Orval Hall. 3. Blanche Hall. 

2. Ira Hall. 4. Wyatt Hall. 

8. William Myers. 11. Kate Myers. 

9. Elmer Myers. 12. Ira Myers. 
10. Clement Myers, 

All of Jeromeville, Ohio, except the Halls. 
4. HENRY SPANGLER, Evansport, Ohio. He was born 
September 10, 1829. Married Sarah Davis, afterwards 
Mary Philips. Children : 

I. Ida, wife of William McCauley, Defiance, Ohio. Chil- 
dren : 
I. John McCauley. 2. Mable McCauley. 



2. Laura, wife of Wesley McCauley, Defiance, O. Child : 

I. Ruth McCauley. 

3. Clara, wife of Emery Snyder, Evansport, Ohio. Chil- 

dren : 

I. Nellie Synder. 2. Sarah Snyder. 

4. Orrin G. Spangler, Dawson, Mo. 

5. Willis A. Spangler, Evansport, Ohio. 

6. Lula Spangler, Evansport, Ohio. 

5. JOHN SPANGLER, Evansport, Ohio. Married Elizabeth 

McCauley. He was born October 2, 1832. Children : 

1. Cyrus Spangler, Grass Range, Montana. 

2. Mary, wife of Dewitt C. Garber. Children : 

1. Bertha Garber. 3. Attie Garber. 

2. Belle Garber. 4. Clinton Garber. 

Evansport, Ohio. 

3. Charles Spangler. 4. John Spangler. 

Jeromeville, Ohio. 


LEY, Evansport, Ohio. He was born January 10, 1840. 

Children : 

I. Walter Spangler. 2. Clarence Spangler. 

3. Florence Spangler. 

4. Grace, wife of Dr. M. V. Replogle. 

5. Mabel Spangler. 6. Roy Spangler. 

7. Nellie Spangler. 8. Clyde Spangler. 
9. Carl Spangler. All of Evansport, Ohio. 

7. ELIZABETH, wife of GEORGE BLACK, Evansport, O., 

was born November 12, 1834. Children: 

I. Ada, wife of Alvaro Coy. 2. Charles Black. 

3. Jennie, wife of Dr. M. C. Coy. 

4. Mary Black, Defiance, O. 5. Nellie, wifeofJno.Behrer. 

6. Herbert Black, Springfield, O. 

7. Hattie Black. 8. Margie Black. 
9. John Black. 

All of Evansport, O., except Mary and Herbert. 

8. ABRAHAM SPANGLER, Evansport, O., born August 

30, 1836. Married SARAH DAVISON. No issue. 
p. MICHAEL SPANGLER was born in 1825; ^i^d in 1843. 



3. GABRIEL SPANGLER died in Adams county, Pa. Children 





5. SUSAN, wife of JOHN FEASER. 

6. GEORGE SPANGLER died in the war. 


12. LYDIA, wife of BORUS SMITH. 



All of Adams county. 

4. JOHN SPANGLER, born April 18, 1798, died January 29, 
1866. He lived on his farm, where the Little Conewago Creek 
crosses the York and Gettysburg turnpike, heretofore described. 
Susanna, his wife; died January 16, 1884, aged 81-7. Children : 

7. ISRAEL SPANGLER. Children : 

1. Lillie A., wife of Charles Gise. 

2. Seth Spangler. 3. Pierce Spangler. 

4. Mary A., wife of Grant Gentzler. 

5. John A. Spangler. 6. Harry Spangler. ^ 
7. Martha J. Spangler. 8. Bert Spangler. " 


1. Charles Spangler. 

2. Annie, wife of Henry Miller. 

3. Sallie A., wife of Samuel Stover. 

4. Peter Spangler. 

5. Louisa, wife of Philip Spahr. 

6. Jennie, wife of John Hock. 

7. Ellen J, Spangler. 

8. Amanda Spangler. 


5. RUDOLPH SPANGLER, was born June 27, 1800, and died 

September 30, 1851, 
(J^y yp -A in Jackson township, 

Oj^'^t^'^^^^^^-Z^^ York county, Pa. He 
Q/^ was a progressive far- 

mer and also an Inn Keeper seven miles west of York on the York 
and Gettysburg turnpike. He was the first farmer in his section 
to burn and introduce lime. He possessed a sound judgment, 
good business qualifications and sterling integrity. 

In 1824 ^^ joined the " York Washington Artillerists," then 
under the command of Capt. Wm. Nes, and continued a member 
until 1 83 1. Every Saturday he came to York, a distance of seven 
miles, to engage in the artillery drill. He participated in the din- 
ner given in honor of Gen. Lafayette on the occasion of his second 
visit to York in 1825, hereinafter described. 
The following is a copy of his discharge : 

YORK, Feb'y 22nd, 1831. 
I CERTIFY HEREBY, THAT Rudolph Spangler having been uniformed and 
equipped agreeably to law, has faithfully served as a member of the "YORK 
TILLERISTS, within the bounds of the ist Brigade, 5th Division, Pennsylvania 
Militia, for seven successive years from the 22nd day of February eighteen hundred 
and twenty-four, and attended on at least three-fourths of the days of parade and 
training of his Company, unless absent for some of the causes which authorized 
him to be excused agreeably to law. Witness my hand and seal, 

Jacob Upp, Jr., [Seal.] 
Captain ' ' Washington Artillerists. ' ' 

Rudolph Spangler was a member of the " Vigilance Committee " 
on the part of the Farmers Republican ticket in the bitter and 
acrimonious Presidential campaign of 1836. Then, as now, every 
species of disorder and distress was predicted to follow the election 
of the opposing candidate. Van Buren was elected, and the Re- 
public still lives. The representative picture was taken from the 
Pennsylvania Republican of York of October 12, 1836. The suc- 
ceeding Presidential campaign between the same candidates was 
still more virulent.^ 

Rudolph Spangler married May 3, 1827, Sarah Harbaugh, who 
was born February i, 1807, ^"^^ resides in York in the 90th year 
of her age. She was born at Loucks' Mills, one mile north of 

lApp. Note T%. 


York, now owned by the heirs of her first cousin, Z. K. Loucks, 
Esq. The house of her birth was swept away in the great flood 
of 1817. She was the grand daughter of Yost Harbaugh, a Cap- 
tain in the Revolutionary War.' 

The original muster roll, in German, of his Company is in the 
writer's possession,^ 

The children of Rudolph Spanglcr, deceased, are : 

/. CAROLINE, wife of REUBEN LAUER, Director of the 
Poor of York county. Children : 

1. John E. Lauer, Lanceford, Pa., purchasing agent of 

the Lehigh Valley Railroad. 

2. Henry Lauer. 3. Clay A., wife of Martin Eyster. 
4. Franklin P. Lauer. 5. Zachariah Lauer. 

6. Mary, wife of George Leib. 

2. ELIZABETH SPANGLER, born September 18, 1829, 

died March 9, 1839. 

3. HENRY W. SPANGLER, born June 27, 1832, died De- 

cember 9, 1880. He was a member of the York Bar and 
Captain of Company B., 209th Regt. Pa. Inf'y ; afterwards 
assigned to Staff duty, and was Brigade Inspector ist Bri- 
gade, 3rd Division, 9th Army Corps. He participated in 
the battles in front of Petersburg, Va. 

4. SUSAN C, wife of CHARLES E. SMYSER, Company 

H., 200th Regt. Pa. Inf'y ; married December 7, 1858. 

5. SARAH, wife of MARTIN SMYSER, coal and grain 

merchant, York, Pa. Child: 

I. Nettie V., wife of William Weiser, Bank Teller. 

6. JULIA A. SPANGLER, York, Pa. 

7. LEAH, wife of WILLIAM EYSTER, Ex-County Treas- 

urer, and Iron manufacturer, York, Pa. Children : 
I. Sarah C. Eyster. 2. Annie J. Eyster. 

3. A. Franklin Eyster. 

8. Dr. benjamin FRANKLIN SPANGLER, born Feb- 

ruary 21, 1844; Sergeant in Company K., 130th Pa. 
Inf'y, and participated in the battles of Antietam, Freder- 
icksburg and Chancellorsville. Graduated from the Jef- 

'App. Note 8. 
2App. Note 34. 





TJLD£w Foundations 


ferson Medical College, Philadelphia, in 1867, ^^^ ^^s 
been in active practice ever since. Director of the Dro- 
ver's and Mechanic's National Bank, director of the Board 
of School Control and Central Market Company, and 
President of the York County Medico-Pathological So- 
ciety. Married Ada V., daughter of Hon. Henry Nes, 
grandson of Rudolf Spangler. Children : 
I. Theresa Spangler. 2. Chauncey K. Spangler. 

3. Edward Nes Spangler. 4. Ara F. Spangler. 
5. Arthur R. Spangler. The last three died in infancy. 
1846; was educated at the York County Academy, and 
enlisted in August, 1862, when sixteen years of age, as a 
private in Company K., 130th Regiment, Penna. Infantry, 
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps. He was 
engaged in the battles of Antietam, Fredericksburg, and 
Chancellorsville. At Antietam a Rebel bullet shattered 
the stock of his rifle. His term of enlistment expired in 
May, 1863, and in June he was appointed Deputy United 
States Marshall of York county. On March 4, 1867 he 
was admitted to the York Bar, at which he has been in 
active and continuous practice; Ex-Director of the Far- 
mer's National Bank; Attorney of the First National 
Bank; President of the Spangler Manufacturing Company, 
and of the York Daily Publishing Company, and Editor; 
Member of the Grand Army of the Republic, the Penn- 
sylvania vSociety of Sons of the Revolution, and a trustee 
of the York County Historical Society. Married, Sep- 
tember 25, 1873. Mary Frances, daughter of John S. Mil- 
ler, of Winchester, Va. She is, on the maternal side, a 
great-great-grand-daughter of Rudolf Spengler, son of 
Baltzer Spengler, Sr., and consequently the writer's "fifth 
cousin " — a relationship fortunately unknown at the time 
of marriage. Children: 

1. Louise Marguerite Spangler. 

2. Juliet Schmidt Spangler. 

3. Henry Forster Spangler, died in infancy. 

4. Edward W. Spangler, Jr. 


5. Robert Stevens Spangler. 

10. ZACHARIAH T. SPANGLER, born January 4, 1849, 
died April i, 1850. 

ber 22, 1850, graduate of the Millersville State Normal 
School, York County Academy and the Jefferson Medi- 
cal College, Philadelphia. Was Health Officer of York, 
and has been an active medical practitioner in York since 
1874. Married July 23, 1895, Sarah J. McFee, of Balti- 
more, Md. 

6. ELIZABETH SPANGLER, lived in Jackson township, died 
in Dover township, April 8, 1877, aged 84-4-29. 

7. SUSANNAH, wife of PETER SUNDAY, died in Dover town- 
ship. Children : 

/. CEVILLA, deceased wife of AMOS LEATHERY. Chil- 

1. Susannah, wife of Henry Aldinger. 

2. Lilly, wife of John Beck. 

8. ANNA MARLA, wife of ABRAHAM STAUFFER, died near 

Front Royal, Va. Children : 

7. JOHN STAUFFER, Abbottstown, Pa. Died in York, 1894. 
2. SAMUEL STAUFFER, York Pa. Children : 

1. George Stauffer, York. 

2. Edwin Stauffer, Akron, Ohio. 

3. INIar}', deceased wife of Milton Smyser, deceased, of 


4. Irene, wife of Harry P. Weiser, York. 

J. HENRY STAUFFER, died in Harrisburg, in 1885. Chil- 

1. Milton W. Stauffer, York. 

2. Amanda, wife of William Lutz, Harrisburg, Pa. 

3. Catherine Stauffer, Harrisburg, Pa. 

4. Emma, wife of Oliver Atticks, Harrisburg, Pa. 

4. ABRAHAM STAUFFER, died at Alexandria, Virginia. 
Children : 

I. Albert Stauffer. 2. Charles Stauffer. 

3. Luther Stauffer. 4. Joseph Stauffer. 


5. Addie, wife of Larue, Petersburg, Pa. Albert, 

Charles, Luther and Joseph, all of St. Joseph, Mo. 

5. ELIZABETH, deceased wife of PETER HUMMER, de- 

ceased, York, Pa. 

6. LYDIA, second wife of PETER HUMMER, deceased, of 

York, Pa. Children : 
By first wife. 

1. Susan, wife of George Barber, Lawyer, White Oaks, 

New Mexico. 

2. Elizabeth, wife of Judge David P. Shields, Las Vegas, 

New Mexico. 

3. Annie, wife of Frank Guilloma, New Baltimore, Ohio. 

4. Delilah, wife of Jacob Lerew, Mechanicsburg, Pa. 

5. Lydia, wife of John J. Kirkness, Baltimore, Md. 

6. Sevilla, wife of Edward Shaffer, East Berlin, Pa. 

7. Rebecca, wife of Wm. F. Slaybaugh, Centre Mills, Pa. 

8. Leander Hummer, New Baltimore, Ohio. 

By second wife. 

1. Addison Hummer, Carlisle, Pa. 

2. Clara, wife of H. H. Hershey, York Springs, Pa. 

3. Ida, wife of George Wolf, Abbottstown, Pa. 

4. Florella, wife of George Jacobs, East Berlin, Pa. 

5. Henry Hummer, Frederick, Md. 

6. Ellsworth Hummer, Frederick, Md. 

7. Hattie, wife of D. W. Baker, York, Pa. 

9. CATHERINE, wife of GEORGE BOHN. Mr. Bohn was born 
September 29, 1796. and died June 26, 1879, at Evansport, Ohio. 
Children : 

/. ALEXANDER BOHN, born July 22, 1825, at East Ber- 
lin, Pa. Married Elmira Danson, April 12, 1870, died 
January 8, 1894, at Evansport, Ohio. Children : 

1. Lenora, wife of Samuel Terratin, Evansport, Ohio. 

2. Mary C. Bohn, *' 

2. SARAH C, wife of DANIEL C. SNYDER. Married 
Apr. 9, 1857, died Jan. 10, 1890, at Defiance, O. Children: 
I. Francis Snyder. 2. George H. Snyder. 

3. John W. Snyder, 4. Minnie C. Snyder. 

5. Hattie W., wife of Charles Parton, Evansport, Ohio. 



(Son of Rudolph), 

Was born January 5, 1756, and died in Jackson township March 
ID, 1828. His wife, Elizabeth, was born May 24, 1760, and died 
January 22, 1825. ^^ ^7^9 ^^^ was assessed 220 acres of land, 2 
horses and 3 cows. Bernhard was a member of the Seventh Com- 
pany, Seventh Battalion, York County Militia, in the Revolution. 

On the Gravestone of Bernhard Spengler, Pigeon Hill church- 

"Freunde, stellt das weinen ein, 

Wischt die thranen von den wangen ; 

Was soil euch das plagen sein 
Dass ich von euch weggegangen ? 

Trauert nicht an meinen tod, 

Ich bin frey von aller noth." 

Friends, cease now your weeping, 

Wipe from your cheeks the tears; 

Why should this your sorrow be 

That I from you have gone away? 

Mourn not by reason of my death, 

I am free from all my care. 

On the gravestone of Elizabeth Spengler : 

" Ruhe sanft in deinem schlummer; 

Ohne sorgen schlafe wohl ; 
Und verschlaf den grossen kummer 

Dessen jetzt die welt ist voll, 
Bis dich einst aus deiner gruft 
Deines Heilands stimme ruft." 
Rest peacefully in your slumber; 
Without care sleep well; 
And sleep away the sorrow great 
Of which the world is full, 
Until from your own sepulchre 
Your Lord's voice calls you forth. 

Bernhard's children were: 
1. DANIEL SPANGLER, born September 7, 1787, died Septem- 
ber 13, 1850. Married IMagdalena Margaret Haverstick August 
6, 181 1, who was born May 17, 1790, and died January 30, 
1844. Children: 

/. GEORGE SPANGLER, born October 10, 1812, died in 

Jackson township. Children: 

I. Sarah, wife of Peter Eyster. 



2. Reuben Spangler, died in Michigan. 

3. Noali Spangler, died in Michigan. 

4. G. Washington Spangler. 

5. Leah, wife of Henry M. Thomas. 

6. William Spangler. 

7. John Spangler. 

2. BARNEY SPANGLER, born March 21, 18 14. His first 

wife was Lydia, daughter of Jacob Spangler son of Bern- 
hard (of Jonas), His second wife was Leah Asper, and 
his third lives at Jefferson, York county. Pa. Children: 

1. Lewis Spangler, died in Kansas. 

2. Mary, wife of Peter Stauffer. 3. Elias Spangler. 

4. Leah, wife of Jonas Garver. 5. Jonas S. Spangler. 

6. Ellen, wife of John Stambaugh. 

7. Lydia, wife of Dr. L. A. Sterner. 

8. Reuben Spangler. 

9. Emma, wife of George Mosebrook. 
10. Franklin Spangler. 

3. DANIEL SPANGLER, born January 7, 1824, lives at 

Jefferson, York county. Pa. No children. 

4. WILLIAM SPANGLER, born August 12, 1827, died in 

Jackson township, August 21, 1886. Unmarried. 

5. ELIZABETH, wife of WILLIAM LOUCKS, born Janu- 

ary 14, 1817. Lives in East York, 79 years old. Children: 

1. Casper Loucks. 

2. Anna Mary, wife of Marcellus Diehl. 

3. Susan, wife of H. K. Williams. 

6. BARBARA, born May 26, 1819, wife of ISAAC RUTH, 

deceased, resides in Jackson township. Children: 

1. Amelia, wife of George Sower. 

2. Franklin Ruth. 3. Susan Ruth. 

4. Maria Ann, wife of Andrew Stambaugh. 

5. Barbara Ellen, wife of Levi Eppley, deceased. 


of Bernhard of Jonas) born December 24, 1793, died December 25, 
1853. Married August 18, 181 1. See names of Jonas Spangler's 
numerous descendants in the class of Jonas Spangler, (son of 


3. JACOB SPANGLER, born April 28, 1803, died in Littlestown, 
Pa., 1893, aged 91. Children: 








8. SARAH, wife of MACHIAS HONE. 

10. SUSAN, wife of JAMES EBY, Littlestown, Pa. 

4. JOHN SPANGLER, born December 26, 1796, died January 25, 
1872, in Jackson township. His wife, Susanna, born Nov. 3, 1791, 
died October 10, 1843. His second wife, Mary, died Nov. 3, 1884, 
aged 48-3-18. Children : 



3. EMALINE, deceased wife of ZACHARIAH SPANGLER. 

4. HETTY ANN, wife of PETER MOUL. 


5. BARBARA SPANGLER, born Nov. 13, 1791, died unmarried. 


(Daughter of Rudolph). 
Died in Dover township. Children : 
1. HENRY KANN, died in Pleasureville, York county. Pa. Chil- 
dren : 




4. CASSY, wife of EMANUEL DELP. 




8. JESSE KANN, Obine county, Tennessee, in Confederate 


»«H{h, IVnil. X< I in "ifHt . IK r.>ni IE IJ, i-nc. 

[' T.'ir rnr.'/irrs- §i' j,„l>! cu Tirf.-n'. 'thv Ojjin-hohfcrs' Tirhrl. 

W i 1 I I ii ill !3 . ii i 1 a it i T i »«> 11. 
1 • r u m- I - »« t- a » K <• •" • 

JVIar : 
Ri chard JMC. Johnstou. 




p. MARY, wife of WILLIAM KRALL. 

2. MICHAEL KANN, died at York, Pa. Son: 

/. GEORGE KANN, Chambersburg, Pa. 

3. JOHN KANN, died in Germantown, Ohio. 

4. GEORGE KANN, died in York, Pa, childless. 

5. MARY, wife of HENRY BOYER, died in Dover borough. 
Children : 

/. GEORGE BOYER, had six sons, all in the War, and 
three daughters, all in Nuckolls county, Nebraska. 

2. PETER BOYER, Atchison, Kansas, had three sons and 
four daughters. 

J. JONAS BOYER, Dover, Pa. 

4. JACOB BOYER, dead. Children : 

1. John Boyer, Marietta, Pa, 4. Sarah Boyer. 

2. Maria, wife of Daniel Heilman, Marietta. 

3. Amanda, wife of Alexander Stough, Mt. Royal, Pa. 


6. CATHERINE, wife of EZRA MAY. 

7. HENRY BOYER had four sons and three daughters. 


7. BARBARA, wife of SAMUEL KOCHENAUER, died in York, 

Pa. Children : 

/. SAMUEL KOCHENAUER, died without issue. 

2. DANIEL KOCHENAUER, Railton, Pa., afterward moved 

to Indiana and left a family. 

3. MARY, deceased wife of JOHN STROMAN, York, Pa. 

Children : 

1. Almarene, wife of Joseph Leben, deceased, left one 

child, Annie, wife of James Dumaresq. Almarene 
afterward married Dr. W. W. Wiltbank. 

2. George Stroman, died in Philadelphia. Children: 

Harry, George and IMary. 

4. ELIZABETH, wife of HENRY MYERS, died in York, 

Pa. Children : 

I. John Myers. 2. Annie Myers. 

3. Elizabeth, wife of John Heiner, Mt. Joy, Pa. 

4. Mary Myers, Columbia, Pa. 



(Daughter of Rudolph). 

Married July 19, 1778. Children: 
I.JACOB DECKER, born February 26, 1807, died October 12, 
1864. Children : 

/. JOHN DECKER, Philadelphia, Pa. 

2. DANIEL DECKER, Philadelphia, Pa. 

J. SARAH J., wife of CHRISTIAN BOYD, Columbia. 

4. SAMUEL DECKER, York, Pa. 

5. DAVID DECKER, Philadelphia, Pa. 

6. MARY E.', wife of PHILIP ABDEL. MYERS, York, Pa. 


Philadelphia, Pa. 

8. EMMA DECKER, York, Pa. 

2. ELIZABETH, wife of ADAM MILLER. Children: 

/. ELIZA A., wife of GEORGE METZEL, York, Pa. 

3. SAMUEL DECKER, Baltimore, Md. Has a number of chil- 
dren. His son, Wm. E. Decker, 207th Pa. Inf., was killed in front 
of Petersburgh, Va., April 2, 1865, aged 17-2-10. 

4. CATHERINE, wife of JOSEPH HELKER. Children : 

/. JOSEPH HELKER, died in the army. 
2. DANIEL HELKER, died in the army. 

5. JOHN DECKER, Adams county, Pa. 

6. PETER DECKER, Adams county. Pa. 

7. FREDERICK DECKER, Adams county. Pa. 

8. HENRY DECKER, Adams county. Pa. 

9. , wife of JOHN STOCK, moved West. 


(Daughter of Rudolph). 
No trace of them or their descendants (if any) could be found. 


(Son of Caspar). 

He was born in York county about 1730, and died in 1786. He 
was the youngest son of Caspar and Judith Spengler, and resided 
with the latter on his plantation one mile East of York. Caspar 
in his will, probated in 1760, devised two hundred acres of this 
land to Philip Caspar, and one hundred to his son Bernhard. The 
latter afterwards conveyed his devise to Philip Caspar, who at the 
time of his demise owned four hundred acres of valuable York 
valley land. Margaret Salome, wife of Philip Caspar, was born 
April 6, 1736, and died June 29, 1813, and her remains rest in 
Zion's Lutheran churchyard, York. 

" Shiny Cap " Dinkel. 

Margaret Salome was the daughter of Johann Daniel Diinckel 
(Dinkel) a nobleman of Strasburg, Germany, and Maria Ursula his 
wife. The latter's father was also a nobleman, Peter Von Ernest 
Von Colmar. In a German Hymn Book (edition of 1733) of Maria 
Ursula, lately in possession of her great-grand-daughter, Mrs. 
Elizabeth Shearer, of York, (who recently, 1895, died, aged 85 
years), is the following inscription : " Maria Ursula Diincklerin, 
Geboren Gornussin Von Colmar: geboren 1713, den 2 April." 
(Maria Ursula Diinckel, of noble birth from Colmar, born April 2, 
17 1 3. According to a tradition Maria Ursula's father's name was 
Peter Von Ernest, and not Gornussin. A very thorough inspec- 
tion of the French and German works on Heraldry in Philadel- 
phia and New York Libraries failed to disclose the name Gornus- 
sin. It was probably an affix, and a corruption of "garnichts 
thun," complete idleness, to denote aristocratic birth as distin- 
guished from an origin plebeian. 

In the German Bible (Ed. 1776) of Rev. David Contler is writ- 


ten the following : " David Contler, born April 28, 1740, in 
Schlotterdam, on Hackensack River, New Jersey. Married Octo- 
ber 30, 1763, Maria Catherina Diinkel, daughter of Honorable 
Johann Daniel Diinkel, deceased and Ursula, his wife. My wife 
was born June 22, 1746, in Alsace, Bruhm, Germany, Europe." 
Mrs. Contler died IMarch 22, 1831, aged 84 years and 9 months. 
Both rest in Zion's Lutheran churchyard, York. 

The Von Ernest Coat of Arms consists of an anchor in a shield, 
above it a coat or tunic of armor, surmounted by a dove with olive 
branches in its mouth; (Siebmacher's Wappenbuch, in Astor Li- 
brary', New York, Vol. 5-1-3, page 4). The Diinckel Coat of 
Arms represents three heads and sheaves of wheat on a shield, with 
a coat of armor above, surmounted by three heads and sheaves of 
wheat. (Same book, page 24). 

Johann Daniel Dinkel was detained in Germany, and did not 
accompany his wife and children to America. He died of a fever 
in the fatherland soon after their arrival here in 1753. Peter Din- 
kel, their only son, was fifteen years old when they emigrated from 
Germany. At his baptism the King and Queen of Prussia were 
sponsors. The baptismal cloth, a square piece of silk velvet with 
tassels, used on that occasion, was afterwards used in the baptism 
of Maria Ursula's grand-children. Her children were : Maria 
Catherine, wife of Rev. David Contler, Dorothea, wife of Rudolf 
Spengler, Margaret Salome, wife of Philip Caspar Spengler, Anna 
Maria, wife of Lieut. Col. Philip Albright, of Revolutionary fame, 
and Peter Dinkel, a member of the Third Company, Third Bat- 
talion, York County Militia, in the Revolution. Maria Ursula 
died September 29, 1793, and her remains lie in Christ Lutheran 
churchyard, York. 

By the populace she was called "Shiny Cap Dinkle," from the 
handsome cap and robe she wore, spangled with gold. She sat in 
state one day in the year to receive her children, grandchildren 
and friends. The pews occupied by the family in Christ Lutheran 
church, York, were known as the royal pews, and were not allowed 
to be profaned by occupancy by the unaristocratic. She sold her 
jewels for $2,000.00, and w^ith the proceeds purchased the house 
on the south side of West Market street, below Beaver street, after- 
wards occupied and owned by the late William Danner. A large 




number of her descendants attained distinction in both civil and 
military life. 

Phiup Caspar's Personal Estate. 

It appears that the executors of Philip Casper's father, Caspar, 
were not strictly executing the duties of their trust; for we find him 
making complaint to the Deputy Register, which evoked the fol- 
lowing remonstrance: 

"7b the Executors of Caspar Spenglcr, deceased : 

" Philip Caspar Spengler complains to me as Register of this county that you in- 
tend to sell his Part of the Movable Eifects which he should have in right of his 
father by the Will. 

" I take this opportunity to tell you that as Caspar Spengler left Money to pay 
his Debts, you have no right to sell Philip Caspar's, nor the Share of any other 
Legatee without Consent ; the right way is to divide agreeable to the inventory to 
each Legatee his or her Share, and let every one do as he pleases with his own — 
make out a list of what you deliver to each legatee according to the appraisement, 
and take a receipt which I will allow as your voucher when you settle. 

" George Stevenson., D. R." 

Letters of administration on the personal estate of Philip Caspar 
Spengler were granted to Margaret Salome (her signature to the 
account is Margaretha), his widow, and Peter Diehl. In their ac- 
count of the personal estate, filed December i, 1786, they charge 
themselves with ;i^985, 9s., 5d., credits ^^385, 15s., yd., and a bal- 
ance in favor of heirs, £6o<)^ 13s., lod. The real estate, the bulk 
of the estate, was disposed of under proceedings in partition, and 
the proceeds thereof were not included in the administration ac- 
count filed. 

Indian Incursions and Massacres. 

In Philip Caspar's boyhood days Indian wigwams were numer- 
ous at the large springs on his father's plantation. The white and 
the red man in this section lived in uninterrupted harmony. It 
was not until Braddock's defeat that the settlers of York county 
were put in imminent peril. Indian hostilities then began, and 
the fear of being murdered cast a deep gloom over the face of the 
country. In October, 1755, the Indians had massacred and scalped 
many of the inhabitants of the adjoining county of Cumberland, 
and the inhabitants of York county were thrown into the utmost 
consternation. Settlements were destroyed, and many of the in- 


habitants slaughtered or made captive. The Indians set fire to 
houses, barns, corn, hay and everything that was combustible.' 

In 1755 also occurred the abduction and massacre of the Jemison 
family; the father, the mother, the daughter and the sons. All 
were killed but the daughter, who was carried into the Indian 
country," In 1758 one man and five women were taken from the 
Yellow Breeches, York county. Richard Bard was of the number 
abducted. A thrilling narrative of the captivity of Richard Bard 
was written by his son, collected from the manuscript of his father.'^ 

On the 29th of May, 1759, Rev. Dinwiddie and one Crawford 
were shot by two Indians in Carrol district, York county. John 
Mann and others were also murdered. The writer has given con- 
siderable space to these Indian incursions and massacres, to show 
to the present generation the fears and perils to which their first 
ancestors in this country were exposed. 

Philip Caspar Spengler's Children : 

1. Charles Spangler. 

2. Michael Spangler. 

3. Philip Spengler. 

4. Fredreick Spangler. 

5. Solomon Spengler. 

6. Daniel Spangler. 

7. Anthony Spengler. 

8. Elizabeth, wife of John Herbach. 

9. Ann IMary, wife of Henr}' Imschwiller. 
10. David Spengler. 


(Son of Philip Caspar). 

Charles (Carl) Spangler was born about 1756, was a member of 
Captain Philip Albright's Company of Col. Samuel Miles' Battalion 

'App. Note 9. 
'App. Note 10. 
^App. Note II. 


of Riflemen, and participated in the battle of Long Island, August 
27, 1776, in which he was taken prisoner. Col. Miles was also 
taken prisoner. Captain Casper Weitzel, of this command, while 
at camp near King's Bridge, under date of September 6, 1776, 
wrote: "You no doubt have heard before now of the drubbing we 
Pennsylvanians, with the Delaware and Maryland battalions, got 
at Long Island, on the 27th of August last; were prettily taken in. 
The little army we had at the Island, of about five thousand men, was 
surrounded by fifteen or twenty thousand of the English and Hes- 
sians, when the engagement began ; they gave us a good deal of 
trouble, but we fought our way bravely through them." 

Of the important part the Pennsylvania troops took in the battle, 

and of the almost fatal mistake made in the miscarriage of General 

"'Washington's orders by the Adjutant General, the letters of Lieut. 

Col. James Chambers to his wife, from King's Bridge, September 3, 

1776, and of General Hand, afford graphic descriptions.^ 

Charles Spangler was exchanged or paroled, and on his way 
home the Philadelphia Council of Safety, on January 3rd, 1776, 
issued to him a pair of stockings, a shirt and a blanket, (11 Col. 
Rec. 150, 151). On June 17, 1779, he was Ensign of the Fourth 
Company, First Battalion, York County Militia of the Revolution. 
After that struggle he married Susanna, daughter of George and 
Christiana Diehl, the latter the daughter of Henry Spangler, Jr. 
After Susanna's death he married Anna Welsh, who died in 1849. 
He moved from York county to the town of Botetourt, then in Green- 
castle county, Virginia, soon after 1787, and lived there in 1792. 
He died in Botetourt county in 1832, and was buried by the Vir- 
ginia Militia with the honors of war. Charles Spangler's children 

By first wife : 

1. CHARLES SPANGLER, Jr., died January 17, 1878, aged 95 
years. Children : 




6. ELIZABETH SPANGLER, Peterstown, W. Va. 


•App. Note 12. 


2. GEORGE SPANGLER, died April 17, 1875, aged 88 vears. 
Children : 




7. JAMES E. SPANGLER, Peterstown, W. Va. 

3. POLLY, wife of GEORGE HAMMETT. Children : 

/. JOHN HAMMETT, San Francisco, Cal. 

2. GEORGE HAMMETT, Bristol, Tenn. 

5. ELIZA HAMMETT, Botetonrt county, Va. 

4. JOHN SPANGLER. Children : 




By second wife : 

5. JACOB SPANGLER, Springwood, Botetourt county, Va., dead. 
His wife was Elizabeth Craft. Children : 







6. ADAM SPANGLER, of Botetourt county, Va., dead. Children: 

3. JOHN SPANGLER. Child : 

I. Matthew Spangler, Potts Creek, Va. 

7. DANIEL SPANGLER, Fincastle, Va., died unmarried. 


(Son of Philip Caspar). 

He was born October 13, 1758, and married Catherine, daughter 
of Lorentz Schweisgood, June 28, 1781. She was born November 


i6, 1761. He was a member of the Second Company, Third Bat- 
talion, York County Militia, in the Revolution.' In the year 1791, 
Michael purchased 192 acres of land in the Spangler Valley, in 
Paradise (now Jackson) township, York county, from the adminis- 
trators of Henry Spangler, (son of Jonas) deceased. He conveyed 
the same to his sons Jesse and Zachariah, and died in the home of 
the former. 

From the Pennsylvania Republican, ( York) of May 28, 1834: 

"Recently iu Paradise township, at an advanced age, Mr. Michael Spangler who 
has through a long life sustained the character of an upright man, and uniformly 
evinced his attachment to the republican institutions of his native country." 

His children were : 

1. JESSE SPANGLER, died February 14, 1886, aged 82 years 
and 5 days, in Jackson township. His children were : 

/. LOUISA, wife of ADAM NAYLOR. 




5. ISRAEL SPANGLER, died at White Pigeon, Michigan. 

His children were : 

1. William T. Spangler, East Berlin, Pa. 

2. George W. Spangler. 3. Morris M. Spangler. 

4. Marion Spangler, Plattsburg, Nebraska. 

5. John M. Spangler, Washington. 

6. Susan, wife of Edward Petling. 

7. Lydia Spangler, White Pigeon, Mich. 

2. ZACHARIAH SPANGLER, died July 17, 1875, aged 8(^7-11. 
Anna Maria, his wife, died July 2, 1870, aged 72-10-12, in Jack- 
son township. Children : 

/. CHARLES M. SPANGLER, died in West Manchester 
township. Children : 

1. Sarah, wife of Henry Diehl, New Oxford, Pa. 

2. Solomon Spangler. 

3. Priscilla, wife of Samuel G. Hoke, Jackson township. 

4. Alice, wife of Edward Sultner, York, Pa. 

5. Edward Spangler, West Manchester township. 

6. Lee J. Spangler, York, Pa. 

lApp. Note 34. 


2. CATHERINE, deceased wife of DAVID BOYER, Littles- 

town, Pa. Children : 

1. Harry Boyer. 2. Nancy Boyer. 

3. Sarah, wife of George Stayle. 

4. Josephine, wife of John Spangler. 

3. ANDREW SPANGLER, of Jackson township. 

4. LYDIA, wife of GEORGE HOKE, of Paradise township. 

5. ZACHARIAH SPANGLER, resides in York. 

6. LEAH, wife of EMANUEL RUDISILL, of Gettysburg. 
;. REBECCA, deceased wife of PETER SHELLENBER- 

GER, of Paradise township. 

8, ELIZABETH, wife of REUBEN MINNICH, Springgar- 

den township. 

9. LEVI SPANGLER, deceased. Children : 

1. Anna, wife of Harry Pentz. 

2. Leah, wife of John Hall. 

3. Emma, wife of John Hall. 

4. Levi Spangler. All of York. 

3. MICHAEL SPANGLER, born October 13, 1783, and in 1808 
moved to Plain township, Stark county, Ohio. In 1820 he lo- 
cated in Cleveland, Ohio. He had a family of six children, all of 
whom are dead except his oldest son. Children : 

/. MILLER MICHAEL SPANGLER, now 82 years of age, 
who is the owner and conductor of a mammoth malting 
establishment in the city of Cleveland, Ohio. Children : 
I. George M. Spangler, Cleveland, Ohio. 

2. BASIL L. SPANGLER, Cleveland, O., dec'd. Children : 

1. Basil S. Spangler, who was a Lieutenant in the late 


2. Kyle W. Spangler, Cleveland, Ohio. 

3. Harris Spangler, " " 

3. MARGARET, wife of J. K. MILLER, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Children : 

1. W. L. Miller. Children : 

I. Frederick S. Miller. 2. Fannie Miller. 

2. Mar>', wife of E. C. Rouse, deceased Son : 

I. E. C. Rouse. 

3. James H. Miller, dead. Children : 


I. Henry L. Miller. 2. Otto H. Miller. 

All of Cleveland, Ohio. 

4. POLLY, wife of THOMAS LEMON, dead. Child : 

I. Catherine Lemon. Children : 

I. Blanch Lemon. 2. Panl Lemon. 

3. Mark Lemon, Cleveland, Ohio. 

5. CATHERINE, wife of WILLIAM LEMON, dead. One 

daughter, living in Cleveland, Ohio, 

6. HARRIET MILLER SPANGLER. Died unmarried. 

4. SAMUEL SPANGLER, was born April 15, 1790, and in 1808 
moved to Plain township. Stark county, Ohio, and subsequently 
to near Fort Wayne, Indiana, where his descendants reside. 

5. BENJAMIN SPANGLER, born May 5, 1792, moved to Plain 
township. Stark county, Ohio, and subseqiiently to Elkhart, In- 
diana. Children : 

/. MICHAEL SPANGLER, Elkhart, Indiana, born April 
20, 1817. Children : 

I. Alpheus Spangler. 2. Augusta P. Hughes. 

3. Cora J. Van Sickel. 

2. ANTHONY SPANGLER, born December 5, 181 8. 

3. CATHERINE SPANGLER, born November, 1820.. 

4. LYDIA SPANGLER, born 1822. 

5. MARGARET SELL, born 1825. 

6. LEWIS B. SPANGLER, born 1829, Auburn, Ind. 

7. JOSIAPI SPANGLER, born 1833. 

cV. SARAH SPANGLER, born 1834, Oberlin, Ind. 

Some of the descendants moved to the far West. 

6. ELIZABETH, wife of WILLIAM EYSTER, born November 
15, 1785, and died in York county. Children : 

/. MICHAEL EYSTER, born September 15, 1808, died June 
23, 1881. Children : 

1, Wm, Eyster, Ex-Coimty Treasurer and Iron Manufac- 

turer, York. 

2. Michael Eyster, deceased. 3. Martin Eyster. 

2. REBECCA, wife of DAVID SMYSER, deceased, married _ 
March 25, 1831. Resided in West Manchester township. 
Children : 


I. Martin Smyser. 2. Eliza Smyser. 

3. Sarah, wife of Michael Emig, deceased. 

4. Lucy Smyser. 5, Henry Smyser. 

6. Mar}', deceased wife of Samuel Bowman. 

7. Jacob Smyser. 8. Charles Smyser. 
9. Amanda Smyser. 10. Albert Smyser. 

J. JOHN EYSTER, dead. Children : 

I. Minnie, wife of Samuel Wertz. 2. Jacob Eyster. 

3. Charles Eyster. 4. Eliza Eyster. 

4. CATHERINE, deceased wife of ADAM HERMAN, de- 
ceased. Children : 

1. Charles Herman. 4. William Hennan. 

2. Sarah, wife of Edward Glatfelter. 

3. Emanuel Herman. 5. Jacob Herman. 

7. REBECCA, wife of JOHN LAU, died in York county, March 
10, 1863, aged 62-8-20. 

/. TERESA, wife of HENRY HOKE, York, Pa. 




5. ISRAEL LA:-, deceased. 

6. SUSAN, wife of LE\'I EMIG. 



8. PHILIP SPANGLER. born Mav 12, 1782, died without issue. 

9. MARGARET SPAXGEER, born November 17, 1787. 


(Son of Philip Caspar). 

Was born March 17, 1761, baptized as Johann Philip Spengler, 
March 28, 1761. He was a member of the Second Company, 
Third Battalion, York County Militia in the Revolutionary War.' 
About 1790 he moved to Strasburg, Shenandoah county, Virgina. 

He was accompanied by five of his brothers. Hundreds from 

'App. Note 34. 


this section emigrated to the Shenandoah Valley, Va., prior to 
1800. Subsequently the tide of emigration was westward/ 

Philip Spengler was Lieutenant Colonel of the 6th Regiment 
Virginia Militia in the war of 181 2. His descendants have still in 
their possession his military hat and sword. He was subsequently 
a member of the Virginia Legislature. He was married to Re- 
gina Stover, and died in Strasburg, Va., in 1823. Children : 
1. JOSEPH STOVER SPENGLER. He was born in Strasburg, 
Va., November 13, 1790, and died at the same place December 15, 
1876. He was twice married, first to Mary Smith, and secondly 
to Elizabeth Hurn. He was educated at Dickinson College, Car- 
lisle, Pa., and was for many years a Justice of the Peace; also. 
Sheriff of Shenandoah county, and a member of the Virginia 

He inherited a large landed estate, and was educated for the bar, 
but preferred agriculture. When he died he owned but a thousand 
acres, and tliat was under execution, not for his own debts, for he 
owed not a dollar, but he was surety for a host of friends, and 
they left him to pay their debts. He was eminently moral, drank 
neither liquor nor wine, and never used tobacco ; was noted for in- 
tegrity and benevolence — a friend indeed to the poor. Children : 
/. VIENNA, wife of WILLIAM MILLER, married May 28, 
1823. She subsequently married Prof. G. E. Roy. She 
died at PVont Royal, Va., August 16, 1893. Children : 

1. Joseph W. Miller, merchant, married Fannie Porter. 

He was a member of Company B, i7tli Regimentj 
Virginia Volunteers, Corse's Brigade, Longstreet's 
Division, C. S. A., and was drowned in the Shenan- 
doah River in sight of his home in 1866. His widow 
and son survive him. 

2. Hampson M. Miller, married Mar}- C. Roy, served in 

the same regiment as his brother, and is now living 
at Front Royal, Va. 

3. Mary J., wife of Rev W. Rippatoe, of the M. E. 

Church, South, and is now living at Eureka Springs, 
2. REGINIA v., wife of JOHN HUPP LEE, a merchant 

lApp. Note 13. 


of Strasburg. Married November 17, 1840, and died 
March 20, 1891. Children: 

1. Richard H. Hupp Lee, entered the Confederate Army, 

Company A, 23d Regiment Virgina Infantry. He 
married Ella Cooley, and lives in Strasburg, Va. 

2. Lizzie S., Vv^ife of Luther Harn, resides in Strasburg, 


3. Caroline, wife of James Corlen, lives in Barnesville, 

J. GEORGE P. SPENGLER, married Rosina Windom, of 
Mason county. West Virginia. Both dead. 

4. RICHARD H. SPENGLER, died in his minority. 

5. MARY S., wife of GRAFTON A. MURPHY, married 

April 24, 1845, died November 16, 1893. Children : 
I. Mary E. Murphy. 2. Philip A. Murphy. 

3. Anna R., wife of O. K. Brown. 

4. Sallie E., wife of Rudolph Updike. 

5. R. M. Murphy. 

(All living in Warren county, Virginia). 

6. PHILIP ANTHONY SPENGLER, fought under General 

Price, C. S. A. Surrendered at Shreveport, Louisana, 
and now lives in Limeton, Warren county, Virginia. 


married April i, 1852. Children : 

I. Anthony Eshleman. 2. William L. Eshleman. 

3. Mary F., wife of Edward Putmon. 

4. Mattie E. Eshleman. 5. Carey W. Eshleman. 

6. Asbury R. Eshleman. 

7. Sallie M., wife of Nathan Ennis. 

All of Warren county, Virginia. 

8. ANNA C, wife of THOMAS B. KENNER, married De- 

cember, 1854, and died January 2, 1889. Children: 

1. Joseph W. Kenner, Riverton, Va. 

2. William A. Kenner, Front Royal, Va. 

3. Samuel F. Kenner. 

4. Lizzie R., wife of P. V. Shotts, Iron Bridge Builder, 

North Carolina. 5. Thomas W. Kenner. 

6. Charles L. Kenner, Riverton, Va. 


p. SARAH MARGARET SPENGLER, single, Strasbiirg, 
Va. The present scribe is indebted to Miss Spengler, for 
the genealogy of the Philip Spengler branch, and for 
much other valuable information, for which she will 
please accept his profound thanks. 
lo. DAVID MORRIS SPENGLER, married Virginia Balthis, 
Strasburg, Va. Children : 

1. Ellen G., wife of R. S. Fritts, Merchant, Warren 

county, Va. 

2. Laura V. Spengler. 3. Mary E. Spengler. 

4. Margaret Spengler. 5. Gertrude Spengler. 

6, Blanche Spengler. 7. Florence H. Spengler. 
8. Olive B. Spengler. 

/. DANIEL HUPP SPENGLER, married Roberta Finnell, 
of Anderson, Indiana. He was a member of Company 
B, 17th Virginia Infantry, Corse's Brigade, Longstreet's 
Division, C. S. A. Children: 
I. Annie R. Spengler. 2. Moselle Spengler. 

3. Maxwell V. Spengler. 4. Edgar A. Spengler. 

5. Harry M. Spengler. 6. Samuel W. Spengler. 

7, Lizzie L., wife of William Goods, Alexandria, Va. 

pany B, 17th Virginia Infantry. Died of fever contract- 
ed in camp, July 21, 1861. 
pany B, 17th Virginia Inf'y, was mortally wounded in 
the second battle of Manasses (Bull Run), and died Sep- 
tember 6, 1862. 
14. ISAAC M. SPENGLER died in hiseighteenth year in 1858. 
75. FRANCES E., wife of CYRUS KEISTER, Company G, 
4th Virginia Cav., General Wlckham's Brigade; now a 
merchant of Strasburg, Va. Children : 
Roselle, Eva, and Carlos Keister. 
2. CATHERINE, wife of GEORGE F. HUPP, was born March 
16, 1794, married December 22, 18 14, died January 31, 1875. Her 
husband died December 22, 1884, in his 94th year. He was Pay- 
master in the war of 181 2, and afterwards an extensive iron-master, 
owning at one time three charcoal furnaces doing a flourishing 


business, in Shenandoah county, Va., and Hardy county, W. Va. 
He supplied bar iron for hundreds of miles around those sections. 
One of the furnaces was the celebrated Columbia Furnace. He 
closed out the business in 1850. Children: 

/. JOHN SPANGLER HUPP, died with fever contracted in 
the Confederate army, while acting as Post Quartermas- 
ter, at Winchester, Va. 
married February 15, 1844. Children: 

1. Catherine, wife of P. S. Cook, Frederick, Md. 

2. George H. Bowman, Banker, Front Royal, Va. 

3. P'annie Bowman. 

4. Nannie, wife of Augustus King, Warren county, Va. 

merchant. (Deceased.) Children: 

1. George W. IMiller, manufacturer of stoneware. 

2. John T. ]\Iiller, commission merchant, Wash't'n, D. C. 
. 3. Katie Miller. 

4. Frank H. Miller, tel. opr.. Navy Yd., Wash't'n, D. C. 

4. GEORGE F. HUPP, Jr., Strasburg^ Va. Children: 

I. George B. Hupp. 2. Irma S. Hupp. 3. Bruce F. Hupp. 

5. ANN REGINA, wife of JAMES L. MILLER, afterwards 

of A. J. Kelly. Children : 

1. Mamie, wife of Wesley Painter, Strasburg, Va. 

2. Lizzie, wife of John Coleman, Alexandria, Va. 

3. Millie Kelley. 

6. JOSEPH S. HUPP, married Belle Hollis, Winchester, Va. 

No issue. 



3. ELIZABETH, wife of JOHN MACHH^, Strasburg, Va. She 
was born Jan. 7, 1789, and married Jan. 29, 1805. Children: 

/. PHILIP A. MACHIR, merchant, married Caroline H. Ar- 
thur, born September 27, 1807, died July 8, 1884. Chil- 

1. Elizabeth M., wdfe of James A. Somer, contractor. 

2. Laura V., wife of William Machir, merchant. 

3. Fannie S., wife of William Machir, merchant. 



4. John A. Machir, farmer. 

5. Nora B., wife of Asbury Redfern. 

6. James W. Machir, carpenter. 

7. Mary C. Machir. 8. Lucy Ann Machir. 
9. Carrie H. Machir. 10. Susan L ]\Iachir. 

All live at Strasburg, except John A., and Mrs. William 
Machir, who reside in Point Pleasant, W. Va. 

2. CATHERINE S. MACHIR, Strasburg, Va., married Noah 

Funk; born May 17, 181 1, died January 29, 1891. No 

3. JOSEPH S. MACHIR, Strasburg, Va., married Harriet 

Bennet; born October 23, 1813, died February 14, 1873. 
Left no issue. 


(Son of Philip Caspar), 

Was born April 17, 1763, and baptized May 8, 1763. He emi- 
grated from York county to Strasburg, Va., and thence to Harri- 
sonburg, Va., about 1790. He was a wealthy and influential man 
and owned several large farms around Harrisonburg, a handsome 
property in the latter town, and forty negroes. Children: 

1. WILLIAM SPANGLER, served in the war of 1812. Grand- 
daughter, Mrs. Martha K. Thurman, Central Plains, P'hivanna 
county, Va. She was married three times ; her first husband was 

a Mr. Keller, and her second a Mr. Kyle. f Isaac \L<L\i<i^s -r 

2. CUTHBERT SPANGLER, Terre Haute, Ind. 'ly^^^ho Sparxgle^, 

3. Dr. LEVI SPANGLER, Terre Haute, Ind. b', r"^"^ T'^V ^3- 

4. INGY, wife of Capt. KEYS, United States ^2.vy.-^--~t:^^-^^''^:Mo. 

5. EMILY, wife of Mr. BALES, near Terre Haute, Ind. 


(Son of Philip Caspar), 

Born in York county in 1770. He was in the war of 181 2. He 
died in 1830. He married Miss Taylor, who died, aged 83 years, 
at Strasburg, Va. Children: 

*-A1so S<^ft- Hamc^T-sly's U.S.Army 'Rcg;stfi''>^C/ rrffj^ 7*f, lao. 


1. PHILIP H. SPANGLER, born in Strasbnrg, Va., 1807, and 
died in 1879. He married Miss Catherine Cook. Children: 

/. LEMUEL SPANGLER, deceased, married Catherine 
Grove, of Strasbnrg, Va. He was a soldier in the Mexi- 
can war and Captain of Company A, loth Virginia Inf y, 
Stonewall Brigade. He was wounded twice, the last one 
causing his death. Children : 

I. Charles W. Spangler. 2. jNIrs. Joshua Teunch. 

3. Mrs. Benjamin Richards. 4. Mrs. Atwell Hite. 
5. ;Mrs. James Casper. 6. Mrs. Isaac Funk. 

7. Clarence Spangler. 8. Jerome Spangler. 

9. Frank Spangler; Strasburg, Va. 

2. CHARLES SPANGLER, Winchester, Va., was ist Ser- 

gent loth Virginia Infantry; married Tvliss Virginia 
Evarts of Winchester, Va. Children : 
I. Virginia Rutherford. 2. Hugh Spangler. 

3. Robert Spangler. 4. Jackline Spangler. 

All of Wmchester, Va. 

3. JOHN P. SPANGLER,married Mary Fillons,Strasburg,Va. 

4. MARY, wife of JEREMY HEIST, 


2. SOLOMON P. SPANGLER, was born November 18, 1806, and 
died March 10, 1852; married Lucinda Tanquer}', August 11, 1831. 
He graduated from a ]\Iedical College in Philadelphia, but never 
followed his profession; and was a wholesale dealer in leather. 
Children : 

/. ANNA ABAGAIL SPANGLER, Beloit, Kansas. 

2. LUCY v., wife of JACOB McKAY, speculator in real es- 
tate. Manchester, Iowa. 

J. HENRY CLAY SPANGLER, married Grace Russell, 
merchant, Manchester, Iowa. 

4. EMMA F., wife of AMOS SOUTHARD, merchant, Craw- 

fordsville, Indiana. 


6. CARRIE M., wife of Hon. JOSEPH MILLER, member 

of the Virginia House of Delegates, Nineveh, Va. Chil- 
dren : 


1. Lucy, wife of Richard Thorpe. 

2. Emma A. V., wife of Scott Jett. 

3. Robert h. Miller, 4. A. Roberta Miller. 
5. Willa M. M. Miller. 6. Mary L. Miller. 

7. Laura V. Miller. 8. T. Shirley G. Miller. 

9. Thomas S. D. Miller. 
Mrs. C. M. Miller furnished all the names of the descendants of 
the Solomon Spangler branch, for which she will please accept 
the writer's thanks. 

3. MARGARET, wife of JOHN ANDERSON, lived in Winches- 
ter, Va., and died in 1859. Children : 

/. CLARA,(Dugie)wifeofCHARLESH.DOWNS,NewYork 
City. He was in the Mexican War and Captain Company 
B., 3rd Maryland Regiment, Union Army. Children : 

1. Florence, wife of 1 Bunt, Baltimore, Md. 

2. Kate, wife of Frank V. Hawley, New York. 

3. Clara M., wife of Joseph Reilly, Boston, Mass. 

2. CATHERINE, wife of JOSEPH LONG, who was a Cap- 
tain in the Confederate Army, and was drowned in the 
service while being transferred from one boat to another, 
at Louisville, Ky. Her children live in Baltimore : 
I. Hunter M. Long. 2. Rose Long. 

3. Lillie Long. 4. Miller Long. 

4. DAVID SPANGLER, left Virginia when quite young. 


(Son of Philip Caspar). 

Was a resident of Boone county, Kentucky, in 1817. His de- 
scendants, if any, were not discovered. 


(Son of Philip Caspar). 

Captain Anthony Spengler, grand-son of Casper Spengler, was 
born December 29, 1774, and was baptized April 2, 1775. He went 
from York county. Pa., to Virginia, and February 27, 1796, mar- 


ried Catherine Kendrick (a lady of wealth), living in Strasburg, 
Shenandoah county, Va. Catherine was a descendant of Dr. David 
Jameson, who commanded the Third Battalion of York County 
Militia in the Revolutionary War. vShe died August 19, 1829. ^^ 
built a large brick residence on what was Mt. Prospect, within a 
mile of the town. The situation was well chosen. It gave an 
extended view of mountain, valley and river. The home was af- 
terwards known as "Spengler Hall", They raised a family of 
twelve children, ten sons and two daughters. Captain Anthon}- 
Spengler was a large landholder, a man of means and influence, and 
was highly respected in the community. He was a Ruling Elder 
in the Presbyterian church, and lies buried with his wife and many 
of his children in the graveyard which surrounds the church, 
which he was largely instrumental in building, and where his name 
is still honored. He died June 29, 1834. The picture of "Speng- 
ler Hall " has in the foreground family descendants and the wife 
and children of Hon. Hoke Smith, Secretary of the Interior, visitors. 

1. ANTHONY SPENGLER, Jr., born February i, 1798, married 
Ann Steward Julv 27, 1830, in South Carolina, died Julv 18, 1832. 

2. ABRAHAM SPENGLER, born Nov. 26, 1796, died in Talla- 
hassee, Fla., in 1841, of yellow fever. He married Rebecca Wycke. 

/. VIRGINIA, wife of T. B. WHITFIELD, both dead. 


Parish, Louisiana. 

3. LIZZIE S., wife of JAMES WILLIAMS, De Soto Par., La. 

4. NATHAN R. SPENGLER, Boston, Georgia. Children: 

1. Dora, wife of I. G. Taylor, Boston, Georgia. 

2. Efhe, wife of H. Young, Metcalf, Georgia. 

3. Rebecca, wife of I. T. Kushin. 

4. Littleton L. Spengler. 

5. Mattie L. Spengler, Boston, Georgia. 

3. SAMUEL SPENGLER, born June 5, 1800, married Frances 
(Fannie) Way, December 16, 1824. He lived on a farm at Riverton, 
in Warren county, Va., near Front Royal. Children: 


2. JAMES SPENGLER, emigrated to the West and was 
never heard from. 



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4.PHILIP C SPENGLER, born April i8, 1803, married Marga- 
ret Richards, Oct. 9, 1827. Lived in Front Royal, Va. Children : 


5. CHRISTL^N SPENGLER, born March 24, 1799, died April 
20, 185 1. He owned a mill and land near Strasburg, Va. He mar- 
ried Susan Hoffman. Children : 

/. PETER ANTHONY SPENGLER, Strasburg, Va., mar- 
ried Amanda Shipe. Children : 

1. Laura, wife of George Hinkens, Middletown, Va. 

2. Ella, wife of William Copp, Strasburg, Va. 

3. Arthur Spengler, Huntingdon, W. Va. 

4. Walter Spengler, Charlestown, W. Va. 

5. William Spengler, Strasburg, Va. 

6. Lizzie Spengler, Strasburg, Va. 

7. Nannie Spengler, Strasburg, Va. 

8. Mary Spengler, Strasburg, Va. 

2. Gen. ABRAM spengler. He left Moorefield, Va., 
(now West Virginia) as Captain of the Hardy Greys, a 
company raised chiefly by his efforts, under instructions 
to report to Col. Thomas J. Jackson, (Stonewall) then in 
command of the Confederate forces at Harper's Ferry. 
His company was at once assigned to the 33rd Virginia 
Regiment, of which it formed a part, until the close of 
the war. Captain Spengler was in command of his com- 
pany in the first battle of Manassas, in which he lost 
heavily, the 33rd Regiment being one of those making 
up the famous "Stonewall Brigade," and it was during 
the hottest part of this fiercely contested battle, that its 
commander received the name of "Stonewall," and by 
which name it was ever afterwards known. 

The Last Commander of the Stonewall Brigade. 

Subsequently to this battle, General Jackson, was or- 
dered to the Valley of Virginia with his brigade, and in 
all the battles of that brilliant campaign. Captain Speng- 
ler participated, never being known to have been absent 
from duty when an engagement was anticipated, or in 
actual progress. He was engaged in the following bat- 


ties, viz : Kernstown. In the battle of McDowell, the 
Stonewall Brigade was not engaged, but was brought 
into action again against the retreating forces of General 
Banks at Winchester Heights. Then follows Port Re- 
public, and Cross Keys, after which General Jackson was 
ordered to Richmond, to co-operate with General Lee, 
against McClellan. Here Col. Spengler, having been pro- 
moted, took part in the battles of Gaine's Mills, Cold 
Harbor, and Malvern Hill. After the seven day's bat- 
tles, his next experience was the battle of Cedar Run, 
or Slaughter Mountain, as it has been variously named. 
Then follows the second Manassas, Harper's Ferry, 
Sharpsburg, Ox Hill, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, 
Gettysburg, and engagements that took place on the 
retreat of General Lee, until the final surrender of the 
latter. He rose from the rank of Captain to that of Col- 
onel, commanding the " Stonewall Brigade," and his 
commission as Brigadier General, had been made out, 
but in the confusion of the evacuation of Richmond, 
and withdrawal of the Departments of the Government, 
it was never transmitted to him. General Spengler was 
a cool, brave and skillful officer, kind to his subordi- 
nates, and ever ready to obey his superiors. He ended 
his military career, when General Lee surrendered at Ap- 
pomatox Court House. He died in Moorefield, W. Va., 
in 1893, and left to survive him his widow, Mrs. Mary 
S. Spengler, and a son, Marshall Glen Spengler. 
J. LUCY, wife of JACOB J. EBERLY, manufacturer, Stras- 
burg, Va. Children: 

1. Joseph Spengler Eberly, Fairfax, Va. 

2. Letcher Spengler Eberly, Strasburg, Va. 

3. Mattie, wife of Robert Robey, Edinburg, Va. 

y. MARY C, wife of H. P. LUDWIG, merchant, Strasburg, 

Va. Children : 

I. Howard Ludwig. 2. Marion Ludwig. 

3. Vernon Ludwig. 4. Ernest Ludwig. 

5. Lucy Ludwig, Strasburg, Va. 
J. GEORGE MADISON SPENGLER, miller, Strasburg, 


Va., married Helen R. Hurn. Was a member of Captain 

Stover's Company, loth Va., Inf'y, Stonewall Brigade. 

Children : 

I. Frank Spengler. 2. Edith Spengler. 

3. Luther Spengler. 4. Herbert Spengler. 

5. Clara Spengler. 6. Nellie Spengler. 

7. Mary Spengler. 

6. DANIEL SPENGLER, born Dec. 22, 1810. Never married. 
Was buried at Strasburg, Va. 

7. Dr. JOHN SPENGLER, born Oct. 27, 1804, married Margaret 
Russell January 29, 1833, lived in Strasburg, Va., left one son, Jo- 
seph Henry, who died in the winter of 1894, aged 60 years. He 
(Joseph) left a daughter, Mrs. Amanda Long, living in or near 
Luray, Page countv, Va. 

8. ELIZABETH, wife of HENRY GROVE, merchant, Strasburg, 
Va., born Jannary 19, 1807, died June 29, 1884. Children: 

/. ELENORA, wife of STOVER ZEA, Washington, D. C. 

2. GEORGE WASHINGTON GROVE, married. Frostb'g, 

Md. Was in the Confederate army. 

3. LUTHER S. GROVE, married Miss Davis. He was a 

member of Co. A, loth Va. Inf'y. Wounded at the bat- 
tles of Slaughter Mountain, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg 
and Spottsylvania, at which he was captured and im- 
prisoned in F'ort Delaware until the close of the war. 
Children : 

I. Ola Grove. 2. Carl Grove. 3 Virginia Grove. 

Strasburg, Virginia, 

4. HENRIETTA, wife of WM. BEAN, Washington, D. C. 

5. SILAS BILLINGS GROVE, married Miss Kelly, Wash- 

ington, D. C. 

ried, lived and died at Bath Alum Springs, in southwest Va. 

10. AMOS B. SPENGLER, born April 8, 1809, died June 29, 
1879. Lived on a farm near Strasburg, Va., most of his life. 
Married Miss Stewart of North Carolina. His children were: 

/. COLUMBIA SPENGLER, died and buried at Strasburg. 


3. ANNIE SPENGLER, " " " " 


4. HARRIET SPENGLHR, died and buried at Strasbiirg. 

5. JANE, wife of BURK, of Edinburgh, Va. 

Columbia married her cousin, Charles B. Spengler, and left two 

I. Virginia Spangler. 2. Hugh Spangler. 

Living near Winchester, Va. 

11. CYRUS SPENGLER, born August 10, 1816. Married Cath- 
erine Redman; had eight children. Lived most of his life in the 
valley of Virginia. Died at his daughter's, (Mrs. Laura Shierry) 
in Washington, D. C, December, 1890, aged 75 years. The chil- 
dren are: 

/. SAMUEL SPENGLER, married Miss Derba, one son: 
Wirt Spengler, Baltimore, Md. 

2. ALICE ANN SPENGLER, died in Woodstock, Va., aged 

16 years. 

3. LAURA LEE, wife of Mr. SHIERRY, Washington, D. C. 

4. EMMA ELTAINGE, wife of WM. LOCKE, West Va. 

5. JOHN JETT SPENGLER, married, Baltimore, Md. 



12. ISAAC SPENGLER, born January 2, 1802, died May 17, 1814. 

13. CLARINDA, wife of SAMUEL KENDRICK, her cousin, 

Warren county, Va. She was the youngest child of Anthony 
Spengler, born February 3, 181 8, and died May 13, 1851. She 
was married September 19, 1839. They lived at "Spengler 
Hall," Mr. Kendrick buying the home place of his wife's brothers, 
Daniel and Benjamin, who inherited it. The name of the place 
was changed again, and is now known as " Matin Hill." It is 
still in the Kendrick family. There were six children: 

CRAWP'ORD, Strasburg, Va. Married November 2, 
1870, Robert Williams Crawford, by profession a Civil 
Engineer; was in the Confederate Army the four years 
of the war, in Gen. J. E. B. Stewart's command. Was 
Second Lieut, of Co. A, ist. Va. Cavalry, General Stuart's 
old regiment. He served during the war from April, 
1861, to April, 1865, and at he battle of Bull Run had 


his horse shot under him. He is a descendant of Dr. 
David Jamison, who commanded the Third Battalion of 
York county, Pa., Militia in the Revolutionary War. He 
now lives near Strasburg, engaged in merchandising in the 
town. The writer is indebted to Mrs. Crawford for the 
annals of the family of Anthony Spengler, for which he 
is deeply grateful. Children: 

I. Anna Searles Crawford. 2. Mary Roberta Crawford. 
3. Robert William Crawford. 

2. SAMUEL EDWARD KENDRICK was born July 28, 

1843. Was killed August 9, 1862, at the battle of 
Slaughter Mountain (also called Cedar Mountain,) about 
six miles from Orange Court House. He was a member 
of the " Muhlenburg Rifles," loth Va. Reg. 

3. CHARLES HENRY KENDRICK, died at " Matin Hill," 

September 13, 1861, aged 14 years. 

4. CLARA SPENGLER KENDRICK died June 4th, 1851, 

aged 4 months. 


WALKER WAUCHOPE, a Presbyterian minister, lives 
at Hampden Sidney, Prince Edward co., Va. Children: 

1. Samuel Kendrick Wauchope, teaching in an Indian 

school near Albuquerque, New Mexico. 

2. Joseph Alliene Wauchope, teaching in Texas. 

3. Edward Houston Wauchope, Hampden Sidney, Va. 

4. Arthur Douglas Wauchope, Hampden Sidney, Va. 

5. William Crawford Wauchope, Hampden Sidney, Va. 

6. Mary Armstrong Wauchope, Hampden Sidney, Va. 

7. Katherine Rutherford Wauchope, Hampden Sidney, Va. 


STRONG, was born April 15, 1849, «iarried November 
16, 1880, died January 7, 1889. Mr. Armstrong is a mer- 
chant of El Dorado, Arkansas. Children : 

1. Mary Kendrick Armstrong. 

2. Caroline Wauchope Armstrong. 

3. Roberta Withers x\rmstrong. 

4. Annie Crawford Armstrong. 

Twin daughters dying in infancy. 


vin. ELIZABETH, wife of JOHN HERBACH, Jr., 

(Daughter of Philip Caspar Spengler), 

Born November 19, 1767, married October i, 1786. Her hus- 
band was born December 5, 1762, died October 5, 1800. He owned 
the flouring mill two miles south-east of York, on the Plank Road, 
known as the Landis mill. His remains were buried in the grave- 
yard of the Gennan Reformed church, York, and, upon its aban- 
donment, removed to Prospect Hill cemetery. 

Elizabeth, after the death of her husband, married Robert Mil- 
ler, of Shippensburg, Pa. Had one son, William Miller. 

The Supreme Executive Council of Philadelphia approved, 
among the bills presented December 11, 1790, the following bills 
of John Herbach, father of John Herbach, Jr.; (16 Col. Rec. 536): 

" Of John Herback, for repairing sundry arms for the use of Cap'n Trett's com- 
pany of the York County Militia, in the year 1776, amounting to ^o lis 8d." 

" Of the said John Herback, for a musquet furnished by him for public service in 
the Flying Camp, in the year 1776, and which was lost in actual service, valued 
at /2 5sod." 

Elizabeth Herbach's children were : 

1. JOHN GEORGE HERBACH, born September 21, 1792, bap- 
tized November 20, 1792. Was a house carpenter and builder; 
moved to Pittsburg about 1828; moved to New Brighton, Beaver 
county. Pa., and kept the New Brighton Hotel, until 1840, when 
he returned to Pittsburg, and died in Allegheny City, Pa., in 1844. 
He was very wealthy at one time, but by the fall of the United 
States Bank, and by endorsing, he lost all he had, but paid up to 
the last cent. Children : 




9. ANDREW J. HERBACH, born January 20, 1830, of Pitts- 
burg, Pa. 

2. FREDERICK HERBACH, baptized August 7, 1790, removed 
to Allegheny City, Pa., married January 26, 181 1, in Hanover, Pa., 
to Miss Bolton. Children : 



2. SARAH, wife of ABRAHAM ADAMS, Waynesboro, Pa. 

J. EMALINE, wife of MATTHEW TRACY, Eaton, Ohio. 

4. LUCY, wife of JOSHUA HUNT, Richmond, Ind. 

f. MARY, wife of JACOB FUNK, Monmouth, 111. 

^6. VINTON HARBAUGH, Monmounty, 111. 

7. ELMIRA, wife of GEORGE HENDRICKS, Eaton, Ohio. 
3. SALOME SARAH, (called Sallie), wife of JACOB HECKERT, 

York, born May 18, 1799, married June 23, 1816, and died April 
19, 1863, in York, on East Market street, near Duke street. Chil- 

/. GEORGE HECKERT, dead. Children : 

1. Ellen Louisa Heckert, dead. 

2. Charles Herbach Heckert, dead. 

3. Benjamin Augustus Heckert, dead. 

4. George Thompson Heckert, dead, 

5. Annie L., wife of William H. Herman, Printer, York. 

6. George Benjamin Heckert, died in infancy. 

2. FRANK HECKERT, died at Lancaster, Pa. Children : 

1. Sarah Heckert. 

2. Elizabeth, wife of James P. Boyd, Journalist, Philadel- 

phia, Pa., dead. 

3. Charles Heckert, Reporter, Bradford, Pa. 

4. Ada, wife of Frank Marion, Lancaster, Pa. 


^6. ALBERT HECKERT. Children : 

I. Frank H. Heckert. 2. Henry C. Heckert. 

3. Katie Heckert. 4. George W. Heckert. 

5. Margaret, wife of John P. Julius. 

6. Howard Heckert. 7. Oscar Heckert. 

7. JOHN HECKERT. Children : 

I. Benjamin Heckert. 2. John Heckert. 

3. Carrie Heckert. 4. Salome Heckert. 

5. Hattie Heckert. 

8. HENRY HECKERT, Oakland, California. Children : 

I. Dollie Heckert. 2. Henry Heckert. 

9. EDWARD P. HECKERT. Children : 

I. Claude Heckert. 2. Edward Heckert. 


3. John Heckert. 4. Annie Heckert. 

4. ELIZABETH HERBACH, born September 26, 1787, baptized 
November 26, 1787, died in her minority. 


(Daughter of Philip Caspar Spengler), 

Born in 1777, married September 19, 1807. Henry Im.sch wilier, 
died in Bottstown, (York) June 3, 1811. Children : 

1. CAPERNIA IMSCHWILLER, born May 25, 1805, baptized 
September 19, 1805, died unmarried. 

2. JACOB IMSCHWILLER, born January 12, 1807, baptized June 
21, 1807, killed on the Northern Central Railroad, May 15, 1862, 
aged 55-4-3. Children : 


2. MICHAEL EMSWILER, Altoona, Pa. 




ville, Md. 

3. LYDIA IMSCHWILLER, born March 29, 1808, baptized De- 
cember 26, 1808. 

4. ANNA MARIA IMSCHWILLER, born July 20, 1810, baptized 
July 26, 1810, died unmarried. 



(Son of Philip Caspar.) 

Was born February 5, 1772, and baptized April 2, 1772. He 
moved from York to Harrisonburg, Virginia, about 1790, was there 
as late as 1793, and about 1800 emigrated to Franklin county, 
near Columbus, Ohio. Children: 

1. DAVID SPANGLER, lived and died in Franklin county, Ohio. 

/. THORNTON SPANGLER, Shadesville, Franklin county, 

2. JOHN SPANGLER, died single. 


J. ELY SPANGLER, lived and died near Columbus, Ohio. 


I. John Spangler, Stanford, 111., and 3 other children. 
4. JOSEPH SPANGLER, lived and died in Frankly county, 

Ohio. Children: 

1. George W. Spangler, Weston, Wood county, Ohio. 

Married Nancy Dukes. Children: 

1. Howard H. Spangler, Van Buren, Indiana. 

2. Mary S. Russel, Tontogany, O. 

3. John W. Spangler, Chicago, 111. 

4. Laura L. Dukes, Weston, O. 

5. Wm. R. Spangler, Buffalo, N. Y. 

6. Alice L. Spangler, Weston, O. 

7. Carrie A. Ballmer, Green Spring, O. 

8. Charles W. Spangler, Fort Wayne, Ind. 

9. Ella M. Sterling, Weston, O. 
10. Lewis L. Spangler, Weston, O. 

2. Harrison Spangler, dead. Children: 

1. Clara Weathers, Rich Hill, Mo. 

2. McClellan Spangler. 3. Leonard Spangler. 

3. Laura Dukes, Findlay, O. 

4. Carrie Spangler, dead. 

J. FREDERICK SPANGLER, died at Clinton, Indiana. 
1. Wm. Spangler, Rutland, 111., had four children. 

6. MARY, wife of JOHN DUKES, Findlay, Ohio, died with- 

out issue. 

7. WM. SPANGLER, moved from Franklin county, Ohio, 

to Marshall county, 111., about 1834, died in 1882. Chil- 
I. Samuel M. Spangler, married in October, i860, to 

Minnie J. Stevens, of Findlay, Ohio, and moved to 

Marshall county, 111., where he died in 1877. W'm. 

had nine other children. Samuel M. Spangler's 


1. W. S. Spangler, 176 Randolph street, Chicago, 

111. No issue. 

2. Emma J., wife of Whitney J. Perry, Belle Plain, 111. 


3. Margaret Spangler, died when 18 years of age. 

4. Florence D., wife of Oliver I\I. Kerrick, Fairfield, 


5. Charles E. Spangler, Chicago, 111. 

6. Ollie B. Spangler, 

7. Ralph T. Spangler, " " 

2. Wm F. Spangler, Peoria, 111. F'our sons and one 


3. John B. Spangler, Peoria, 111. 

4. David Spangler, dead. 

5. James Spangler, La Rose, 111. 

6. Charles Spangler, La Rose, 111. 

6'. HARRISON SPANGLER, lived and died near Stryker, 
Ohio ; had children, and among them, Philip Spangler, 
who moved to Iowa. 

5- JUDITH, wife of HENRY BAKER, 

(Daughter of Caspar Spengler). 
Three children were born to them : 




Their uncle, Rudolph Spengler, was appointed their guardian 
September 3, 1767: 

"At an Orphans' Court held at York, for the County of York, the 

twenty-fifth day of August in the seventh year of the reign of our 

[SEAL.] Sovereign Lord George the Third by the Grace of God of Great Britain 

France and Ireland King Defender of the faith &c. Anno Uoniini 1767 

Before David Jameson, Michael Swoope, John Adlum, Robert McPher- 

son and James Welsh, Esqrs., Justices &c. Assigned &c. 

"Came into Court Judith Eichinger and prayed the Court to appoint Guardians 

for Mary Baker Eva Baker and Catherine Baker her children by a former husband 

to take care of their persons and estates Whereupon it is considered by the Court 

& ordered that Rudolph Spengler be and is hereby appointed to be the Guardian 

of the said Minor Children to take care of their persons and Estates 

"A true Copy Compared with the Original at York this 3d Day of September 

1767 Witness my Hand and Seal of the Orphans Court 

" Saml. Johnston, CI. Cur." 

On March 25, 1766, after a widowhood of several years, Judith 
married Jacob Kichinger, of York. No intelligence was obtained 
of the whereabouts of any descendants. The Eichingers of New 
Cumberland, Pa., and of Decatur, 111., are said to be her descendants. 

6. MARY,wifeof Col. MICHAEL SWOOPE. 

(Daughter of Caspar Spengler). 



Anna Maria (Mary) Spengler Swoope was born at Weyler under 
Steinsberg, Palatinate on the Rhine (now in Baden) July 15, 1725. 

The York church records show that a daughter, Anna Maria, was 
born to them February 24, 1752, and was baptized March i, 1752. 
Mary died before 1765. 

Col. Swoope afterwards married a lady whose christian name 
was Eva ; and a son was born to them who was baptized George, 
April 2, 1773, witnesses, Baltzer Spengler and wife. The Penn- 
sylvania Archives make mention of the fact that in 1782 Col. 
Swoope was detained at home on account of illness in his ''Yamilyy 

Col. Michael Swope was Coroner 1761, Justice of the Peace 1764, 
Orphans' Court Judge 1767, Member of the State Assembly 1768 
to 1776, and Member of the Committee of Revolutionary Corres- 
pondence 1775. He was Major of the First Battalion, York County 
Militia, 1775, and Colonel in 1776. Col. Swoope and his York 
County Battalion formed a portion of the Flying Camp in Eastern 
New Jersey, 1776.' Quarter-Master Lefiier's Diary sheds new light 
on the York Troops at the Camp.^ Col. Swoope's battalion was 
taken prisoners at the battle and surrender of Fort Washington on 
the Hudson in 1776.'* He was not exchanged until 1781. After 
this surrender the American Army retreated through New Jersey 
to Philadelphia. 

Colonel Michael Sm^oope. 

From Saffel's "Records 0/ the Revolutionary IVar.'' 

"Of the Pennsylvania "Flying Camp," a Fort Washington prisoner, was cap- 
tured November 16, 1776. He vi-as released on parole June 23, 1778, but again 
called into New York on the 8th of August, 1779, where he had to endure the con- 
finement of his fellow prisoners, martyrs for patriotism. He was exchange<i at 
'App. Note 14. '■'App. Note 15. '^.pp. Note 16. 


Elizabethtown, N. J., on the 26th of January, 1781, and returned home to York- 
town, Pa., on foot a distance of 170 miles." 

"He was very well supplied by Mr. Pintard, at New York, with 'Colonial Dol- 
lars' which he readily sold at the rate of seventy-five for one in specie in the spring 
of 1780. The current exchange of the day was forty for one in specie, but the poor 
prisoners, robbed of their liberty, money and life, could not get the advantages of 
the money market.'" 

The horrors to which the prisoners in the Prison Ships in New 
York Harbor were subjected to, no pen can adequately depict.' 
Some of those who died in the New York City Prisons were 
buried in the Trinity Churchyard of that city.'' 

In 1753 Col. Swoope was an "Inn Keeper," in 1757 a "Shop 
Keeper," and in 1779 and 1785 a "Merchant." He lived on the 
south side of High street, a few doors west of Court-House Square. 

In 1783 we find among the list of York taxables, " Col. Michael 
Swoope, storekeeper, plate 32 pounds, i chair, i slave, 2 horses, 
merchandise 350 pounds, 5 persons — 11 19 pounds. 

He was, on November 12, 1782, commissioned an Associate 
Judge of the Courts of York county, and held the same office as 
early as 1767. 

Col. Swoope, in 1785, moved to Alexandria, Virginia, and in 
the same year executed a power of attorney to his consort Eve, 
Thomas Hartley and Baltzer Spengler, Jr., to sell and dispose his 
real and personal estate in York. 

All efforts to ascertain the descendants of Col. and A/ary Swoope, 
if any living, have proved abortive. 

The United States War and Interior Department records show 
that neither he nor his children were Revolutionary Pensioners. 

Since the foregoing was written the writer received a letter 
from a descendant of Colonel Michael Swoope and presumably of 
Eva, his second wife, and therefore not a lineal descendant of 
Mary Spengler Swoope.^ 

lApp. Note 17. -App. Note i8. 'App. Note 19. ''App. Note 20. 


J ORG HEINRICH SPENGIvER, was the tenth child of 
Hans Rudolf Spengler, (page 6,) born June 8, 1704, at 
Weyler under Steinsberg, district of Hilsbach, then in the 
Palatinate on the Rhine, now in Baden, and was married 
in that town January 17, 1730, to Susanna Miiller of Meckersheim. 
He sailed from Rotterdam on the ship Pleasant with his wife and 
brothers, George and Baltliaser, (Baltzer) and their families, and 
arrived in Philadelphia in the beginning of October, 1732, and 
qualified the nth day of that month. Henry Spengler came to 
America provided with the following letters of recommendation, 
certificate and passport: 

Henry Spengler's Certificate and Credentials, 1725. 


" Lincii-iveavcr Apprcnticc-aitest for 

George Heinrich Spengler 

OF Wevlrr under Steinsberg. 
We, WolfFgang Weisenbronn & Johannes Pausser, appointed masters of an honor- 
able Guild of linen weavers in Hillspach county of Mossbach in the Palatinate, 
hereby publicly make known to everybody wherever this letter may be read or 
heard, that the bearer of same, the honorable and modest George Henry Spengler, 
a native of Weyler under Steinsberg, made known to us that he had learned regu- 
larly and in agreement with the rules of the guild the trade of linen-weaver with 
our fellow master and craftsman at the aforesaid Weyler, Caspar Spengler, also 
that he had served out his time and therefore asked for an accredited certificate 
which he could make use of on future occasions. 

Since we cannot refuse hiui this just petition, we therefore hereby certify that 
the said George Henry Spengler has learned his trade of linen-weaving with our 
beloved fellow-master and craftsman, Caspar Spengler at Weyler under Steinsberg, 
during a period of three years in accordance with the rule of the guild, beginning 
on candlemas (and of F'ebr. ) 1722, and should have ended at the same time 1725. 
On account of his diligence and good behavior, however, the time has been short- 


ened by a half year, so that he was an apprentice fully two and one half years — 
we guild masters and also the undersigned associate-masters being present at both 
the binding and releasing-act; he also conducted himself during said time to- 
wards everybody in a manner becoming to an honor-loving apprentice, being 
diligent, upright, faithful, pious, honest, wherefore we, and especially I, his trade 
master (who taught him his trade) were highly pleased with him and can say 
only good and pleasant things about him. It is also with our knowledge and con- 
sent that he without any bad reputation now goes away journeying, for which rea- 
son we gladly give him this tes.imony and certificate. 

We accordingly respectfully ask everybody, of whatsoever station, honor or 
dignity they may be, but especially our fellow-craftsmen of the guild of linen 
weavers, to whom the oft-mentioned George Henry Spengler may come, to do him 
every favor and aid him in every way possible on account of his good behavior and 
because of his having learned his trade thoroughly, and thus enable him to enjoy 
the full benefit of this our intercession. 

To return similar favors on such and all other occasions we declare ourselves 
heartily willing. In testimony whereof we, masters of the guild and associate 
masters, have hereunto affixed our own signatures and the common seal of the 

Done at Sinsheim the 3rd day of July in the year of our Lord 1725. 
We the undersigned guild masters: 

Hans Wolff Wissenbrunn. 

Hans Pausser. 
[SeaIv of the GuiIvD.] Associate-masters; 

Hans Werrichstock. 

Hans George Bainerd. 

Caspar Spengler, as Trade Master." 

The signature of Caspar Spengler to the above is identical with 
Caspar Spengler's signature to his last will filed in the Register's 
office of York county, Pa., in 1760, and now in the writer's pos- 

Henry Spengler's Passport. 

(translation. ) 

"The Court of His Excellency the Elector of the Palatinate, at Dilsperg. 

" I, Franciscus Josephus Wieden, hereby make known to everybody, that Henry 
Spengler, for the past two years a resident of INIeckersheim, appeared at this office 
and gave due notice of his intention to leave the Palatinate, and in hope of better 
fortune to emigrate to the new country or the so-called island of Pennsylvania, and 
that he, therefore, needed an official certificate of his legitimate birth and upright 
living for an unmolested journey. Since now the said Henry Spengler not only 
has been granted eniigrandi vcnia, (permission to emigrate), but also before ob- 
taining this official attest and passport, duly paid all his taxes; therefore it became 
my official duty to bear record and certify in this open letter that the said Henry 
Spengler, together with his lawful wife Susanna were born of and raised by honor- 
able parents; also during the time of their residence in the borough of Meckers- 
heim they carefully met all the governmental requirements made upon them and 


conducted tlieniselve toward everybody peaceably, honorably and faithfully in 
such a manner that never once has a single complaint been brought against them 
at this office, so that for this reason he together with his family would gladly have 
been suffered to remain in the Palatinate, had he not himself of his own accord, 
spe inelioris fortuucc (in hope of better fortune) asked permission to emigrate. 

"Therefore the said Henry Spengler, is respectfully recommended to the kind 
consideration and aid of everybody who may get to read this, that he, as coming 
from a — thank God — healthy, uninfected place, may in his journey everywhere 
have free and safe passage, all of which we on our part declare ourselves in duty 
bound and willing to reciprocate on every occasion. 

"Signatum Dilsperg the 28th of April, 1732. 
"Seal: Francis Joseph Wieden. ) " F. J. Wieden." 

]\Iiss Flora Iiiimel, of York, a descendant of Henry, has ihe pos- 
session of these papers, as well as the other papers of Henry 

The Pennsylvania Germans were for many years denied natural- 
ization and the elective franchise.' 

He was naturalized April 11, 1763, having taken the Sacrament 
as required by law. (Ante. p. 66). He probably first settled in 
1732, in Heidelberg township, now Adams county, near the Blue 
Mountains, where his daughter Susanna was born in 1735. He 
soon after moved on a tract of land now owned by Grier Hersh, in 
the southern suburbs of York. A license dated October 30, 1736, 
was granted to an English speculator, Michael Wallack, for 250 
acres of land in the Manor of Springettsbury, then in the County 
of Lancaster, afterwards in York county. On August 6, 1746 
Wallack conveyed 165 acres of the above tract to Henry vSpengler. 
A warrant for the same was issued from the land office to Henry 
Spengler, April 14, 1767, in which it was designated as " Speng- 
ler's Rest," and patented May 2, 1768. 

Henr\' Spengler devised this tract to his son John George, who 
in 1779 devised it (then increased to 180 acres) to his sister Sus- 
anna. The latter in 1809, devised it to her niece, Elizabeth Stre- 
ber, (daughter of Rudolph Spangler), and her husband, Peter 
Streber, during their lives, with remainder in fee to their children. 
The latter on April 15, 1825, sold 144 acres thereof to Charles A. 
Barnitz, for $7200.00. A large portion of the same could not now 
be bought at that sum per acre. 

'App. Note 21. 






Dispute with Lord Baltimore. 

This land was comprised in the territory claimed, by Lord Balti- 
more, within the Province of Maryland. Patents were issned by 
the Maryland authorities to settlers for lands in the vicinity of the 
present City of York. A farm owned by Henry Spengler, now in 
Windsor township, York county, was originally acquired by a 
Maryland patent, supplemented by a patent from the Penn pro- 

Lord Baltimore contemplated as early as 172 1 to extend the 
northern boundary of his Province, on the west side of the Sus- 
quehanna river, to the northern limits of the fortieth degree of 
latitude. (About three miles north of York). As late as 1762 the 
Maryland authorities exercised jurisdiction in this territory, and 
in pursuance thereof issued licenses for the regulation of tavern 
rates for certain taverns near Yorktown.' About 1731 Col. Thomas 
Cressap, under a pretence of a right from Maryland, squatted in 
the York Valley. Soon a number of Maryland intruders followed 
his example. 

In order to counteract these encroachments,it was the policy of the 
Penn proprietary agents to invite and encourage settlements on the 
borders. Such settlements were made and had been made within 
the Manor of Springettsbury, or York Valley. There was a con- 
tract that titles should be made to the settlers whenever the lands 
should be purchased of the Indians. Certificates of license were 
accordingly issued, furnishing patents upon the usual terms for 
which other lands in the county were sold. A commission was 
issued to Samuel Blunston, in 1733, to grant licenses to settle and 
take up lands on the west side of the Susquehanna. 

Hundreds of individuals accepted these invitations to settle, and 
soon a dense settlement was made west of the Susquehanna. Con- 
tentions soon arose. ^ 

The Cressap War. 

The unsettled and undefined boundary line between the Province 
of Pennsylvania and Maryland, gave rise and encouragement to 
Col. Cressap and his desperadoes to commit acts of violence. Mur- 

'App. Note 63. 
'App. Note J2. 


ders followed and the German settlers were threatened, by force, 
to be turned out of their settlements. The Cressap war ensued, 
which lasted for years. 

In one of the battles the Sheriff, aided by a posse of twent}-- 
three men, went to Cressap's house early in the morning and read 
a warrant for murder to him in his hearing, several times over, 
and demanded a surrender. In answer thereto, Cressap swore he 
would never surrender till he was dead. He called for a dram of 
rum, and drank '■'•DaDinatiofi to himself and all with Jiim^ if ever 
they ivould surrender.'''' He swore he would kill all the Pennsyl- 
vanians before he would be taken. He would shoot the first of his 
own men who v/ould refuse to fire at his command, or would offer 
to capitulate. Before any violence was offered, Cressap and his 
men fired upon the Sheriff and his posse^ and wounded several. 
Before the battle was over several more were wounded on both 
sides and one killed. 

Henry Spengler, in addition to his occupation as a farmer, plied 
his trade of linen weaving, and to supply urgent necessities, the 
trade became in great demand in the early days.^ 

Henry Spengler died July 6, 1776. His wife Susanna died De- 
cember II, 1780. His will was dated February 25, 1773, and pro- 
bated July 9, 1776. 

Will of Henry Spengler. 

" In the Name of God, — Amen. I, Henry Spengler of York Township in the 
County of York and Province of Pennsylvania, Farmer being at present in a Giod 
state of Health in Body and far advanced in Years tho of sound Disposing mind 
Memory and understanding ( Blessed be God for the same ) and sensable of the un- 
certainty of this Transitory Life on earth and that all flesh must Yield to Death 
when it shall please Almighty God to call and in order to settle and Dispose of my 
Temporal Estate Lands Tenements Goods and Chattels wherewth it hath pleased 
God to enrich me, Do make Ordain Constitute and Declare this to be my Last 
Will and Testament in manner following revoking and Disannulling all and every 
other Will and Testament by me at any time heretofore made or Declared either 
by Word or Writing. 

And first being Penitent and Hartily Sorry from the bottom of my Hart for all 
my Sins and Transgressions most Humbly Desiring forgiveness for the same, I 
Give and commit my Soul into Almighty God my Plessed Savour and Redeemer 
in whom and by the Merit of Jesus Christ I Trust and believe assuredly to be 
saved and have full Remission and forgiveness of all my Sins and that my Soul at 
the General T>a.y of Resurrection shall rise again with God and thro the Merits of 

'App. Note 23. 


Christ Death Possess and enjoy the Kingdom of Heaven prepared for his elect and 
Chosen. And my Body I order to be Buried in a Christian like and Decent man- 
ner and in such place where it shall Please my Executors herein after Named to 

And as to my Temporal Estate Lands Tenements Goods and Chattels and Debts 
whereof I am Possessed as aforesaid I Order Give Devise and Dispose of the same 
in manner and form following (that is to say), I Will Order and Direct that all 
those Debts Duties or Sums of Money which I owe in Right or conscience to any 
manner of Person or Persons whatsoever shall be paid by my Executor herein-after 
mentioned or as soon as the same can be raised or Levied out of my Estate after 
my Decease. 

Item, I Give and Bequeath unto Susanna my Dearly beloved Wife (in case she 
Survive me ) the Sum of forty Pounds Lawful Money of Pennsylvania to be paid her 
by my Son John George Spengler out of the Legacy to him herein after Devised 
in four eaquil Payments (to wit) Ten Pounds part thereof one Year after my de- 
cease, and Ten Pounds Yearly until the whole is paid. 

I also Give and Bequeath unto her my Said Wife Susanna the Sum of Ten Pounds 
Lawful Money of Pennsylvania to be paid her out of the Money in the House Im- 
mediately after my decease. 

Also the Feather Bed Bed Cloths Bed-Stead wherein we now lie four Sheets four 
Table Cloaths one Iron Pott one Copper Kettle two Pewter Bassons two Pewter 
Plates two Pewter Spoons one Frying Pann the Table in the House one Pewter 
Quoart with a Lid One Churn one Lamp two Pails one Iron Lafle one Skimmer 
one flesh fork one Large Washing Tub two Barrels one Heckle one Large Prayer 
Book one Psalm Book one Winegar Cask one Spade one Garden Hoe one Dough 
Trough two Hand Towels two Bags one Cabbage Tub four Bread Baskets one 
Spinning Wheel and Reel one Pepper Mill six Earthen Potts one Cow which she 
shall Choose and two Sheep. 

I Also Give and allow unto my said Wife Susanna Liberty to live in this my 
Dwelling House with my Son George During her life and the use of one fourth 
part of the Garden and also three Roes of Apple Trees which she shall Choose 
every Year and if my said wife Susanna should not Choose to live in this my 
Dwelling House he my said Son John George is to repair the other House in this 
my Dwelling Place for her use And I do also Will and Order that in case the Cow 
Devised to my Wife should happen to Die he my said Son John George shall find 
another for her use during her Life and feed the said Cow and sheep. 

And that he my said John George find and provide for my said Wife Susanna 
and Deliver at her Door a Sufficient Quantity of Fire Wood During her life and 
that he also give and Provide for her Yearly and every Year Daring her Life one 
Hundred Weight of Pork Ten Bushels of Wheat Six Bushels of Rie Ten Pounds of 
flax one pair of Shoes and a half a Bushel of Salt and that he make Cider of her 
Apples if she Chooses to have it Done and that she shall have Liberty of the Cel- 
lar on this my Plantation. 

Item, I give and Bequeath unto Henry Spengler and Elizabeth Spengler the 
Children of my son Rudolph Spengler, Deceased, the sum of Three Pounds each 
in full for their Share of my Estate Real and Personal. I having heretofore suflS- 
ciently Provided for their father in his lifetime to be paid by my Executors in one 
Year after my Decease to their Guardian out of my Estate. 

Item, I Give and Bequeath unto my Daughter Christiana Intermarried with 


George Diblthe Sum of One Hundred Pounds Lawful Money of Pennsylvania to 
be paid out of my PvState by my Executor in One Year after my Decease I having 
also heretofore advanced to them. 

Item I Give and Bequeath unto my Daughter Susanna the Sum of One Hundred 
and Thirty Pounds Lawful Money of Pennsylvania Eighty Five Pounds part there- 
of to be paid by my Executors out of my Estate in one Year after my Decease and 
forty five Pounds the residue thereof by my said Son John George out of Legacies 
herein after to him Devised in three payments (to wit) fifteen Pounds part thereof 
in one Y^ear after my Decease and fifteen Pounds Yearly untill the whole is paid I 
Also Give and Bequeath unto her my Said Daughter Susanna the feather Bed-Bed- 
stead and Bed Cloths wherein she Lies and two Cows one Heffer and two Sheep. 

Item I Give and Bequeath unto my said vSon John George Spengler All my Plan- 
tation and Tract of Land whereon I now Live with all and singular the Houses 
Barns Stables and appurtenances thereunto belonging containing One Hundred 
and Sixty Five Acres be the same more or less To Have and to Hold to him my 
said John George Spengler his heirs and Assigns forever he paying thereout the 
several Sums of Money herein before particularly mentioned and pertorming the 
several Articles herein before mentioned to be made done paid and given unto my 
said Wife Susanna. 

Item I Also Give and Bequeath unto my said vSon John George Spengler One 
Wagon two Horses his Choice of all my Horses and all the Gears thereto belong- 
ing one Harrow one Plow one Lock Chain one Cow one vSheep the Clock in the 
House the Bed Bed-Stead Bed Cloths wherein he now Lies the Large House Bible 
the Wind Mill Apple Mill and Cutting Box. 

Item it is my Will and I do order that all the Rest Residue and remainder of my 
Estate real or Personal whatsoever not herein before Disposed of after Deducting 
all funeral Charges and Expenses of Administration shall be Devided in Six eaquil 
Shares and Three eaquil Shares thereof I Give and Bequeath unto my said Wife 
Susanna and one other of the Said Six eaquil Shares unto my Daughter Christiana 
Intermarried with George Dihl one other of the Said vSix eaquil Shares unto my 
Daughter Susanna and the other Sixth eaquil Part to my said Son John George 

And Lastly. I Do hereby Nominate and appoint my Trusty and well beloved 
Friend John Bushong and Stephen Lowman and my Son John George Spengler 
and the Survivor or Survivors of the Executors of this my Last Will and Testament 
to see the same performed according to the True intent and meaning thereof 

In Witness Whereof I have hereunto Set my Hand and Seal this Twenty fifth 
Day of February in the Year of our Lord one thousand Seven hundred and Seventy 


Signed Sealed Published Pronounced [seal] 

and Declared by the Said Henry Spen- 
gler as and for his Last Will & Tes- 
tament in the Presence of us who have 
Subscribed our Names as Witnesses to 
the Same in his presence at his request. 





York County S S. Before me Samuel Johnston Esquire Deputy Register for 
the Probate of Wills and granting Letters of Administration in and for the County 
of York in the Province of Pennsylvania personally appeared Baltzer Spengler and 
George Weller two of the Subscribing Witnesses to the Within Instrument of 
writing and the said Baltzer Spengler on his solemn oath taken on the Holy Evan- 
gelists of Almighty God and the said George Weller on his Solemn Affirmation taken 
according to Law he conscientiously scrupleing the taking of an oath Do severally 
say that they were personally present and saw and heard Henry Spengler within 
mentioned Sign Seal publish and Declare the within Instrument of Writing as and 
for his Last Will and Testament and at the time of the doing thereof the said 
Henry Spengler was of sound and disposing Mind and Memory to the best of these 
Deponants an Affirmants Knowledge and belief and that they subscribed their 
names as witnesses to the same respectively in the presence of the said Testator 
and at his request and also say That Henry Miller the other subscribing witness 
was also present at the same time and signed his name to the same as a witness in 
like manner. 

Sworn by the said BALTZER SPENGLER, 

Baltzer Spengler and GORG WELLER. 

affirmed by the said 
George Weller & subscri- 
bed before me at York this 
9th Day of July 1776. 

SAML. JOHNSTON, Dep. Regr." 

Baltzer Spengler, a subscribing witness, was Baltzer Spengler, 
Jr., and a nephew of the testator. 

Items in Inventory. 

Among the articles in the inventory, we select a few on account 
of the quaint spelling of the phonetic German clerk employed. It 
illustrates the difficulties encountered by our Teutonic forbears in 
the pronunciation of Anglo-Saxon : 

One Blue Goat, one Blue Gamlet Jaket, I4 lb, So Lether, 6 lb Ober Lether, one 
Blue Jaket, one Wite Jaket, i Chabber, Crin Stone, two pair Lether Brithshes, 
Felt Hatt, i Acker of Flax, ij4 lb. thret, Shoos, Pinshers, 2 Hogsket. Hay in the 
Baren, Wetstonse, Pewter Pasous Pewter Bocket Bottle, Tin Cop, Wooting Can, 
Erthen ware, Chist, 6 Bushels Try Abbels, Keetles, I Shott Boudge. 

Bible Entries. 

The following entries were found on separated leaves taken 
from the family Bible of Henry Spengler : 

"Anno 1730, on the 8th day of January, I Henry Spengler, married at Weyler, 
under the Steinsberg, in the Electoral Palatinate." 

"Anno 1732 I, Henry Spengler, bought this Bible at the fair at Frankfurt (on 
the Main) for 4 flor." 

"Anno 1732 to me, Henry Spengler, my first child was born, a son, on the 27th 


day of November. His sign is the Virgin, his planet is Saturnus; his sponsors are 
Rudolph Wilcke & wife. He was baptized on the 17th day of December at the 
house of Caspar Spengler, by the Rev. Pastor Miiller. " 

"Anno 1797 on the 15th day of July at the age of 57 years John George Spengler, 
died & was buried on the i6th in the new Reformed church yard with Christian 
honors by the Rev. Kering. " 

"Anno 1776, the 6th day of July, Henry Spengler died and was buried with 
Christian honors on the 7th day of July anno 1776." 

"Anno 1780, on the nth day of December, Henry Spengler's wife died and was 
buried with Christian honors, on the 12th day of December." 

"Anno 1735, on the 14th day of May, my daughter Susanna was born in Heidel- 
berg township, near the Blue Mountains." 

" 1809, the 29th of November, Susanna Spengler died and was buried on the 30th. 
Her age was 74 years, 6 months and 2 weeks." 

Henry Spengler's Children: 

1. Henry Spengler. 

2. John George Spengler. 

3. Christina, wife of George Diehl. 

4. Susanna Spengler. 

5. Rudolph Spengler. 


Was born November 27, 1732, and died July 6, 1776. He was 
a member, until his death, of the Second Company, Third Battalion, 
York County Militia, in the Revolution. 


He died without issue July 15, 1797, aged 57 years. He devised 
and bequeathed all his property to his sister Susanna. 

An old account book of John George Spengler, contains the fol- 
lowing items in German, and shows the prices in those days : 

"Anno 1777 George (Jorg) Spengler, loaned his mother 7^ 6 shillings money — 

on the 16 May. She borrowed it from me for medicine." 

"May 24 1777, George Spenglersold to William Sprenkle kogmeai (ot ^i shillings.' ' 
"February iS 1777, George Spengler, sold a shot gun to Daniel Spengler for 15 


(This handsome gun, a flint-lock, is now in the present scribe's 
possession, it having become the property of the writer's father, 
Rudolph. The name George Spengler is engraved on its beautiful 
brass mountings. In the writer's boyhood days many a bird be- 
came the victim of the gun and gunner.) 

" On April 7, George Spengler sold and hauled to town two loads of wood for 3 

shillings; & half bushel of oats for 15 pence." 

"George Spengler sold to John Dahlman 8 gallons of cider for 3 shillings & 3 

pence on the i6th Wine won //i October." 

"June 15 177S. George Spengler sold to George Diehl 9 pounds & }( feathers 

at one dollar per pound." 

" Dec 7 1778 George Spengler settled with George Spengler, (son of Baltzer) & 

remains in his debt 16^ & 10 shillings, and a barrel of brandy." 

" Nov 10 1778 George Spengler sold to John Wols, 2 barrels of cider at 4 ^" & 8 

shillings per barrel." 

" 1781. John Dahlman owes George Spengler i shilling." 

" 1781 George Maser owes George Spengler 2 shillings and sixpence." 

" 1781 George Billmyer owes George Spengler 10 shillings for potatoes," 

" Nov 29 1 78 1 George Spengler sold to George Weaser 2 bushels of wheat for 10 


Similar entries are found in this account book. 


(Daughter of Henry). 

Married May 30, 1758. They moved, in 1762, to Augusta county, 
Va., whicli then embraced all the territory in that section south of 
Rockingham county, and extended to the northern boundary of 
North Carolina and Tennessee, and west of the Blue Ridge. A 
deed was executed and delivered to him for a large tract of land in 
Augusta county in 1762. Their children were : 


(Son of Philip Casper) 

A Revolutionary soldier. The names of the descendants will 
be found under the title of Charles Spengler, 

II. PETER DIEHL Dead. Children: 

1. PETER DIEHL. Dead. 

2. HENRY DIEHL. Dead. 

3. SAMUEL DIEHL, deceased. Son: 

I. M. V. DEEL, resides at Arch Mills, Botetourt county, Va. 
Many of the descendants of Christina and George Diehl are 
said to reside in Pendleton county, West Virginia. 




(Daughter of Henry), 

She was born May 14, 1735, and died unmarried November 29, 
1809. She disposed of her property by will, as alread)^ stated, to 
her nephews and nieces. 

The High Road to Baltimore. — All Forest on the South 

OF York in 1802. 

From Lewis Miller's chronicles: 

" The farm of Susanna and her brother Yargle (John George) Spengler was one 
mile from town. In 1802 Joseph Jliller, and his little brother v;ere sent to this 
place for some vinegar — a gallon — our money was not plain on the face, without 
the full impression, — worn off — it was a Spanish quarter dollar; she said I won't 
take it. Joseph had to run home for a plain quarter, and I remained at the house 
till he came back. The place is now at this time where the Baltimore pike runs by. 
At that time the road ran past Jacob Fissel's meadow over the hill. (Traces of the 
road can yet be seen at the school house 200 yards west of Tyler's mill ). It was all 
covered with wood, only a few acres clear land, the woodland running to the 
Borough Hue." 

" Susanna and her bi other never were married. They were old, strange looking 
to me, and their dogs were playful, I was fond of being there — they were old and 
strange people — so many living in the country of that kind, — and manners curious 
in their dress and ringlet cheeks. What strange ideas in such people." 

"In the year 181 2, we boys put up a swing on [a large oak tree in the woods 
of Peter Streber, formerly Susanna Spengler's Plantation, one mile from town. 
The biys were Wm. Streber, Lewis Miller, John Rouse, Daniel Baumgardner, 
Jacob Stroman, Henry Craver, Samuel Weiser." 


(Son of Henry). 

He was by trade a weaver. He married Maria Catherine, daugh- 
ter of Henry Bahn, August 5, 1759, and devised and bequeathed 
all his real and personal estate to his wife and two children, who 

1. Henry Spangler. 

2. Elizabeth, wife of Peter Streber. 


He was born at York, Pa., January 2, 17 61. He married Miss 
Susannah Lightner, of Lancaster, Pa., one of the daughters of Ig- 
natius Ivightner, (born August 6, 1736, died May 23, 1818,) and 
Margaret Rutter his wife. Ignatius was the son of Nathaniel, son 
of Adam, and Maudlin Lightner, who landed in New York be- 
tween 1709 and 1728. She, Susannah, was born January i, 1768. 
Shortly after marriage they removed and settled in the then little 
village of Mercersburg, Franklin county. Pa. Their first child, 
George, was born in York, Pa. The other twelve children were 
born in the " Home " place of their adoption, w^here for many 
years the father engaged in wagon manufacturing, and hotel- 
keeping. He was noted for his enterprise, industr>^, kind- 
ness and hospitality, until his death, which occurred August 17, 
1837, His widow continued the business of hotel-keeping, which 
was quite profitable, as the line of travel between Baltimore and 
Wheeling and Pittsburg (which were Western towns at that time) 
passed by the door. There the numerous family was reared and 
nurtured until one after another they all, except the youngest 
(Lydia), married and started out in the battle of life. The mother 
attained the age of 87 years, 8 months and 5 days, the date of lier 
decease being September 5, 1855. She was very widely known, 
greatly beloved for her kind disposition and extreme charity. 






They repose in the old Lutheran graveyard in Mercersburg. The 
children were : 

1. GEORGE SPANGLER, (son of Henry Jr.,) was born in York, 
Pa., July 2^ , 1789, and married Mary Fields, a beautiful daughter 
of William and Elizabeth Fields, of Martinsburg, Va. William 
Fields was a descendant of the brave Colonel Fields, who fell at 
the battle of Point Pleasant, on the Ohio river, against the Indians 
in 1774, while serving under Gen. Lewis. Mary Spangler, (wife 
of George),, died April 7, 1869, at Williamsport, Md. 

George Spangler was sergeant in Capt. Thomas Bard's company 
of riflemen, of Mercersburg, Pa., at the breaking out of the second 
war, 181 2, with Great Britain. This company volunteered its ser- 
vices, and was dispatched to the northern boundary on Lake Erie, 
marching all the way, he bearing the colors of his country as Color 
Sergeant or Ensign. After enduring the many hardships incident 
to campaign life then, they were called home. The company was 
divided into two parts, and ordered to subsist on the country, giv- 
ing vouchers for supplies furnished. He had charge of one half of 
these troops, and he piloted them safely through, many times 
through snow, (breast deep), and over frozen and swollen streams, 
and uninhabited forests. They were without food for days at a 
time, but shortly after their return and disbandment, the city of 
Baltimore was menaced and threatened by the enemy, when he at 
once called on his former comrades to join with him and go to the 
defense. Not finding as many willing ones as desired, they went 
to Greencastle and united with the number raised there, and pushed 
directly ahead on foot, he in the capacity of Orderly Sergeant. At 
the time General Ross was killed, this happy little band were in 
line in a corn-field, and in full view of the General and his iVid-de- 
camps, when Wells and McComas took the life of the enemy's 
great leader. This act done, the enemy retired, and the brave men 
assembled went to their homes again. He was married September 
4th, 181 7, and at once removed to Schellsburg, Bedford county, 
going into business there. In 1818, he moved to Williamsport, 
Md. His home was for many years the stopping place for itiner- 
ant preachers. Early in life he associated himself with the Luth- 
eran church, of which he was long a member, but about 1840, he 
and his estimable wife joined the Methodist Episcopal church, re- 


maining exemplary members thereof the remainder of their lives. 
The subject hereof was a Whig of the old school, but never became 
a candidate for any office except municipal, serving as Councilman 
for some years, and was always found in the line of progression 
and morality. 

At a public meeting held in Hagerstown, Md., of the veterans 
of the War of 1812 and 1814, December 26, 1854, we find him 
there full of the old spirit. The officers of this meeting were Col. 
John Miller, president; Daniel Hauer and James Biays, secretaries. 
He was a schoolmate of President James Buchanan, and was 
very bitter against him at the beginning which led up to the Re- 
bellion of the Southern States. He was noted for his staunch 
Union qualities, as well as honesty and integrity. He was a re- 
markably healthy and hale man until a few years before his death 
when he had a fall at his old home at Mercersburg, Pa, He was 
brought to his home suffering with a broken hip, and despite the 
most careful nursing by his children, he was unable to resume his 
much needed exercise, and regain his robust health. He departed 
this life March 19, 1874, aged nearly 86 years. His remains lie 
beside his beloved wife in Riverview Cemetery, Williamsport, Md. 
George Spangler's children were : 

/. WILLIAM HENRY SPANGLER, born at Williamsport, 
Md., July, 1820, died October 18, 1824, ^^ the same place. 
2. Rev. JOSEPH NORRIS SPANGLER, of the Methodist 
Church North, afterward joined the Methodist Church 
South, was born March 12, 1823, ^^^^ ^^^^ December 20, 
1887, in Baltimore, Md. He married Alargaret Young, 
of Tuscarora Valley, Pa., and after her death Sarah E. 
Malone, of Baltimore, Md. Children : 

1. Joseph N. Spaugler, Colorado. 

2. Mary S. E., wife of R. M. Hurtt, Patapsco Neck, Md. 

3. Marilia J., wife of John O. Warfield, Baltimore, Md. 

4. Martha Margaret, wife of William J. Hammett, Balti- 

more, Md. 

J. JOHN FRANKLIN SPANGLER, born March 6, 1825, 

resided in Murfreesboro, Tenn., when the war began, and 

joined the Union army in Kentucky, and died at Clear 

Spring, Washington county, Md., Feb. 8, 1864. Children: 


1. George W. Spangler, San Antonio, Texas. 

2. Samuel H. Spangler, Houston, Texas. 

3. John Franklin Spangler, Wichita, Kansas. 

4. Spangler, Murfreesboro, Tenn. 

5. Henry Spangler, Clear Spring, Md. 

6. Harry S. Spangler, New Orleans, La. 


25, 1827, resides at Westernport, Md. He married 
Catherine Koontz; was a trustee of the vast Hammond 
Estate in Westernport, Md., and was one of the pioneers 
in building up that town; was president of the Board of 
Commissioners; School Trustee, and one of the incorpor- 
ators of the Piedmont and Cumberland railroad. 
The present scribe is indebted to George W. Spangler and his 
brother Luther Richard Spangler, for valuable information con- 
cerning the names and history of the descendants of their grand- 
father, Henry Spengler, (son of Rudolph). George Washington 
Spangler's children are: 

I. Charles M. Spangler. 2. Virginia Spangler. 

3. Parker M. Spangler. 4. Dr. Wm. H. Spangler. 


born December 4, 1830, in Williamsport, Md. Children: 

1. Mary J., wife of Henry L. Troup, Long Green, Balti- 

more county, Md. 

2. Joseph P. Schmidt, San Antonio, Texas. 

3. William F. Schmidt, Williamsport, Md. 

4. George G. Schmidt, Williamsport, Md. 

6. MARY SUSAN, wife of JOSEPH PAXTON, born Sep- 
tember 19, 1837, resides at Baltimore, Md. Child: 

I. Mrs. Rev. Charles E. Simmons, M. E. Church South. 

7. LUTHER RICHARD SPANGLER, born September 13, 

1839, at Williamsport, Md. Engaged in the Union Se- 
cret Service during the war, in which he rendered dis- 
tinguished service. He is now a prominent merchant at 
Williamsport, Md. He married Martha A. Essman, Feb- 
ruary 10, 1863. 

1. George L. Spangler, Williamsport, Md. 

2. William F. Spangler, Mt. Union, Pa. 


3. Clara L. Spangler. 4. I\Iary L. Spangler. 

5. Calvin P. Spangler. 6. Nora E. Spangler. 

7. Martin AI. Spangler. 8. John S. Spangler. 
9. Edward J. Spangler, all of Williamsport, Md. 

2. REBECCA, wife of JOHN HART, Mercersburg, Pa., bom April 
5, 1792, married August 29, 1813. She died January 25, 1878, 
and he Januar\- 25, 1879. Children: 

1. HENRY HART, born June 23, 1814, married Kate Brick- 

er, dead. 

2. SUSANNAH, wife of JOHN UGHTNER, born July 10, 

1815, dead. 
J. JACOB HART, born August 19, 1817, dead. 

4. GEORGE HART, born October 9, 1818, married Rebecca 


5. CATHERINE HART, born January- 5, 1821, dead. 

6. LYDIA ANN, wife of JOHN GIFT, bom May i, 1822, 



Hardware Merchant, born November 17, 1825, married 
November 30, 1847. Children: 

1. Ann Rebecca Waidlich, died January 21, 1885. 

2. John D. S. Waidlich. 3. :Mary E. C. Waidlich. 

4. Ernst AI. H. Waidlich. 5. William A. C. Waidlich. 

6. Sarah E. Waidlich, dead. 7. Ella :\I. Waidlich. 

8. Jennie K. Waidlich. 9. Lula G. Waidlich. 

8. JOHN POISAL HART, born January 9, 1828, married 

I\Iiss Duncan, dead. 
g. JAMES SCOTT HART, born April 20, 1830, married 

Jane Waddell. 
10. DAVID SHAFFER HART, married Katie Bricker. 
All born and died at IMercersburg, Pa. 

3. LENAH, wife of NATHANIEL SMALL, afterwards married 
Robert Aspey. She was born July 20, 1793. Children, all living 
in Missouri, are : 

I. KEZIAH, wife of JACOB LEWIS. Children : 

I. Ignatius vS. Lewis. 2. Robert S. E. Lewns. 

3. Lenah AI. Lewis. 4. Alargaret A. Lewis. 

5. Henry Spangler Lewis. 6. Jacob N. Lewis. 


7. Keziah Lewis. 



4. HENRY SPANGLER, bom at Mercersburg, Pa. July 16, 1795. 
Married Mary Aspey, February 11, 1830. Children: 

1. JOHN SPANGLER, dead. 


3. MARY J., wife of JOHN WAIDLICH, Mercersburg, Pa. 

Children : 

I. Harriet Waidlich. 2. Kate Waidlich. 

4. ISABELLA G., wife of JOHN SEITZINGER, afterwards 

wife of Nelson Wilson, Mercersburg, Pa. Children : 
I. John C. Seitzinger, 2. Mary E. Seitzinger. 
3. Harry S. Seitzinger, 4. Jennie M. Seitzinger. 

5. HENRY SPANGLER. Children : 

I. Mary Spangler. 2. Harry E. Spangler. 

3. Harriet R. Spangler. 4. John W. Spangler. 
5. Helen Spangler, 6. Allen Spangler. 

7. Louise Spangler. 

All of Mercersburg, Pa. 


7. HARRIET, wife of FREDERICK HEIST, Philadel- 
phia, Pa. 

5. CASSANDRA, wife of HENRY LIGHTNER, Mercersburg, 
Pa., born January 9, 1797, married March i, 1818, by Rev. Robert 
Cathcart, York, and died June 27, 1862. Children: 

/. REBECCA, wife of R. M. SMALL. 



6. LYDIA, wife of JOHN SMITH. 



6. MARGARET, wife of JOHN GUEYER, Mercersburg, Pa., 
born July 6, 1798, now of Howard county, Indiana. Children: 

/. HANNAH, wife of BROWN, Kokomo, Indiana. 




7. CATHERINE, wife of JAMES WILKLXS, born January 16, 
1800. Children: 

Chambersburg, Pa. 

2. MARGARET C, wife of MICHAEL FALLON, Mercers- 
burg, Pa. 


4. ^lARY B. wife of HENRY B. KUFFMAN, Bedford 

county, Pa. 

5. WILLIA:\I H. WILKINS, Cumberland, Md. 

d. SUSAN L., wife of JOHN GROVE, Mercersburg, Pa. 

7. GEORGE W. WILKINS, Mercersburg, Pa. 

8. JANE M., wife of WILLIA^I L. HAYDEN, Philadel- 

phia, Pa. 

8. CHARLOTTE, wife of HENRY DELEBAUGH, born August 

19, 1801. Both dead and without issue. 

9. NATHANIEL SPANGLER, born December 19, 1802, at Mer- 
cersburg, Pa. ]\Iarried Sarah Scott who was born September 8, 
1806. They afterwards moved to Indiana. Children: 










10. SUSANNAH, wife of SAMUEL POLSGROVE, born April 

11. 1805, married June, 1825. She is still living at Mercersburg, 
Pa., Aged 89 years. Children: 

/. HENRY POLSGROVE, .Alercersburg, Pa. Children : 
I. Thomas Polsgrove. 2. John Polsgrove. 

3. Elmer Polsgrove, Colorado, and four daughters of Mer- 
cersburg, Pa, 


2. MARY, wife of Rev. T. T. IAEGER, Reading, Pa. Chil- 

dren : 

I. Anna Snyder. 2. Mary laeger. 3. Nora laeger. 

3. HANNAH, wife of Rev. M. A. STEWART, Durango, 

Colorado. Children : 

I. Wilberforce Stewart. 2. Cecil Stewart. 

3. John Stewart. 

11. JOHN SPANGLER, born at Mercersburg, Pa., March 29, 1807, 
married Eliza Keyser, moved to Trongh Creek Valley, Hunting- 
don county. Pa., in 1851, where he is still living. Children : 

/. HENRIETTA M., wife of JOHN PIPER. Children: 

1. Harriet A., wife of Luther Flanigan, Altoona, Pa, 

2. Jennie P. Piper. 3. Luther M. Piper. 

2. WILLIAM H. SPANGLER. Children : 

1. Laura E., wife of William Hoke, McConnellsburg, Pa. 

2. John B. Spangler. 3. Henry E. Spangler. 

4. Mary O. Spangler. 

5. Bruce W. Spangler, Defiance, Pa. 

3. SARAH L., wife of WILLIAM HUDSON. Children : 

I. Mary Hudson, 2. Richard Hudson, 

3. May Hudson. 4. Charles Hudson. 


5. MARY E., wife of CHARLES STAPLETON. Children: 

I, Lillian P. Stapleton. 2. Harriet L. Stapleton. 

3. Ella Stapleton. 4. Edna Stapleton: 

5. Howard Stapleton. 6, Mitchell Stapleton. 


7. JOHN A. SPANGLER. Children : 

I. Charles Spangler. 2. Nellie B. Spangler, 

3, Maud E. Spangler. 4. Franklin Spangler. 

5. Lee Spangler. 6. Gertrude Spangler. 


9. HARRIET H., wife of DOSCH WOODS, 
10. LYDIA A., wife of JAMES COOK. 

12. HANNAH, wife of JOHN R, BLACK, born July 30, 1810, 
and died August 14, 1894, Moved to Indiana. Children : 




13. LYDIA SPANGLER, born July 26, 1813, still living at Mer- 
cersburg, Pa. 


(Daughter of Henry Spangler, son of Rudolph). 

]\Iarried December 26, 1782. Elizabeth died September 18, 
1823, ^^^ Peter in 1814. Mr. Streber was a carpenter and con- 
tractor, and was in Captain Wm. Bailey's Company in the war of 
the Revolution. Children : 

1. ELIZABETH, wife of DANIEL IMMEL, born October i, 1783, 
and died in York, November 8, 1862. Daniel Immel died June i, 
1 810, aged 28 years. Children: 

/. JOHN IMMEL, York, married Mary Mull October 8, 1835, 
died in 1865. Children: 

1. John Immel. 

2. Alexander Immel. Children : 

I. xlnnie K. Immel. 2. Carrie M. Immel. 
3. Flora Immel. 4. Mabel Immel. 

5. John ^I. Immel. 6. IMiriam Immel. 

3. Delilah, wife of Washington Striebig. Children : 

I. John J. Striebig. 2. Elenora Striebig. 
3. George D. Striebig. 4. Eliza A. Striebig. 
5. Mary Striebig. 6. Edward Striebig. 

4. Annie E., wife of Frank W. Keech. Children : 

I. John I. Keech. 2. Edith Keech. 

3. Robert R. Keech. 4. IMorgan S. Keech. 
5. Leonard H. Keech. 6. Walter F. Keech. 
7. Nevin H. Keech. 8. Ralph H. Keech. 

5. Amanda, wife of John H. Horn, Steelton, Pa. 

2. ALEXANDER IMMEL, York, born September, 3, 1809, 
died October i, 1855. Children: 

1. Jordan Immel. 

2. Sarah, wife of Cyrus F. Horn. Children: 

1. Ida, wife of H. H. Martin, Nebraska. 

2. John Horn, dead. 3. Cyrus Horn. 


'Blj-c library 



3. Hannah, wife of A. W. Immel, York. Child : 

I. Ralph W. Immel. 

4. Daniel B. Immel, born Oct., 1841, died Jan. 5, 1890. 

5. Maria Dorothy Immel, died July 17, 1887. 

J. DANIEL IMMEL, York, born December 24, 18 10, died 
September 24, 1884, married Susan Weiser October 6, 
1835, who died April 8, 1847. Mr. Immel afterwards 
married Anna Peiffer, who died Dec. 6, 1892. Children : 

1. A. W. Immel. 

2. Catherine, wife of Jordan Immel. 

By second wife : 

3. George Immel. Children: 

I. Harry D. Immel. 2. Robert H. Immel. 
3. Mary A. Immel. 

4. Flora Immel, York. 

2. JACOB STREBER, York, born November 15, 1785, died in 
1866. Children: 

1. CATHERINE, wife of JACOB A. GUARD, York. 

2. MARY A., York, wife of SCOTT CRONE, deceased. 

3. WILLIAM STREBER, York, deceased. Children: 


2. WILLIAM STRABER. Children : 

I. Annie Straber. 2. Margie Straber. 




5. SUSANNA, wife of ADAM LEITNER, died October 29, 1817. 
No issue. 


JOHANN BALTHASAR (Baltzer) SPENGLER was the elev- 
enth child of Hans Rudolf Spengler^ and was born No- 
vember 29, 1706, at Weyler under Steinsberg, District of 
Hilsbach, in the Palatinate on the Rhine, now in Baden. 
He married at Weyler, Magdalena Ritter April 29, 1732. He and 
his wife and brother, Hans George and Jorg Henrich, and their 
wives sailed from Rotterdam, Holland, in the Ship Pleasant, J. 
Morris, Master, and arrived in Philadelphia, October, 1732, and 
qualified the nth of that month." 

Settlement at York. 
After his arrival in this section in 1732, he purchased for ;^30 a 
tract of 200 acres of land, nearly all virgin forest, one mile east of the 
Codorus Creek in " Springettsbury Manor," from Tobias Frey who 
acquired the same by settlement and improvement. Other lands ad- 
jacent were acquired by Baltzer Spengler by purchase, so that he 
had patented to him February 24, 1763, four hundred and eighty 
seven acres in York township. This tract extended southward 
from the Peachbottom Road, now the Plank Road, at its intersec- 
tion with the first run, a large portion of which was afterwards 
known as the " Baumgardner Farm." Some of this land was sold 
by Baltzer Spengler in his lifetime, and after his death, the title 
to the remainder became vested in his sons George and John, and 
afterwards in Sheriff Zachariah Spangler, a son of John. A large 
portion has been annexed to the City of York on the southeast. 
Baltzer afterwards acquired by purchase other lands in the same 
vicinity, one tract having been designated in the patent issued 
therefor, April 19, 1768, as " Spengler's Recovery." 

ipage 7. 

2App. Note 16, 17. 


The Early Homestead. 

Baltzer Spengler built on the Frey tract his first house west of 
the first run about loo yards south of the present Plank Road. 

It was still standing in 1799. Lewis Miller, in his Chronicles, 
gives a rude picture of it. It was a one and a half story substan- 
tial log house with a chimney projecting from the centre of the 
the roof. Baltzer Spengler is depicted crossing the run with a gun 
on his shoulder, with male figures — presumably intended for In- 
dians — near the house. Tradition says, that two of Baltzer's sons 
got into an altercation with some Indians, and the latter being 
worsted, swore vengeance. They held the father responsible, and 
he was compelled to seek refuge in a cave where his wife clan- 
destinely carried to him provisions for three days. 

Mrs. Sarah E. Paul, a great-granddaughter of Baltzer Spengler, 
of Alton, Illinois, in a letter to the present scribe, says : 

"According to the tradition in onr family three or four Spengler brothers came 
to this country. They felled a large tree, excavated the stump which served as a 
repository for money and other valuables, the covered top answered the purpose of 
the table which occupied the centre of their rustic home, presumably erected of 
logs obtained from the same tree. 

" I have in my possession a pewter plate designed and manufactured by some of 
the Spangler ancestry bearing date 1740. In centre of plate the letters, J. H. S., 
are engraved, around which is a wreath. Outside the wreath are four implements 
used in a blacksmith shop — horse shoe, anvil, pincers and hammer, then the date 
1740 — the rim of the plate is finished tastily." 

This plate evidently belonged to Jorg Heinrich (Henry) Speng- 
ler, a brother of Mrs. Paul's great-grandfather, Baltzer Spengler. 

Baltzer's primitive structure was in the midst of stately oaks, and 
directly east of the run was the famous " Rock Spring," or " Speng- 
ler's Spring," which furnished to him a bountiful supply of cold 
and limpid water. This spring was walled in with heavy blocks 
of stone, still there, and seventy years ago and upwards was a 
famous pic-nic resort for civic and military organizations. It is at 
the foot of an ancient and solitary willow tree along the east side 
of this run about 100 yards south of the Plank Road. 

In the year 1760, Baltzer built a large two story brick mansion 
near the first site, which is still standing, opposite the first toll 
gate on the Plank Road. It was in its day considered one of the 
most spacious, substantial and elegant structures in this vicinity. 


The large backbnilding annexed to the house no longer exists. 
Two enormous locust trees adorn its front, and appear to have been 
planted at its construction. The mansion after 136 years of battle 
against the elements, shows painful evidence of decay and dilapi- 
dation, but is still tenanted. Baltzer Spengler's numerous and 
wealthy descendants would be performing only a pious duty by 
purchasing it to prevent its demolition, and preserving it as an 
ancestral shrine. Future generations of the line will certainly 
censure them if they do not. 

The Laying Out of York, 1741. 

Although there were many inhabitants in this section in 1740, 
yet so late as that year there was not one building within the lim- 
its of the town of York as laid out a year later. The tract of land 
on both sides of the Codorus creek — "where the ]\Ionocacy road 
crosses that stream" — within the ]\Ianor of Springettsbury, upon 
w^hich the town of York was to be laid out and built, was by 
special order and direction of the proprietaries surveyed by 
Thomas Cookson, the deputy surveyor of Lancaster county, (York 
county having been created out of Lancaster in 1749,) in the 
month of October, 1741 

The part east of the Codorus was immediately laid out into 
squares, after the manner of Philadelphia. The squares were 480 
feet wide and 520 feet long, and the lots 65 by 230. The first ap- 
plication or entry of names for lots in Yorktown was in Novem- 
ber, 1 7 41. In that month 23 lots were taken up, and among the 
applicants w^as Baltzer Spengler, who selected lot No. 70, 65 by 
230 feet, it being the northwest corner of Centre Square and High, 
now Market, street, and now owned by William H. and John C. 
Jordan, and Jacob Stair. 

One of the usual conditions was, " that the applicant build upon 
the lot, at his own proper cost, one substantial dwelling-house, of 
the dimensions of sixteen feet square at least, with a good chimney 
of brick or stone to be laid in or built with lime or sand, within 
the space of one \-ear from the time of his entry upon the same." 
A continual rent was to be paid to the proprietors, Thomas Penn 
and Richard Penn, sons of William Penn, deceased, for every lot 
taken up. This was a yearly rent of seven shillings sterling 


money of Great Britain, " or the valne thereof in coin current, ac- 
cording as the exchange should be between the Province and the 
City of London." Besides this, the lot was held " in free and 
common socage, by fealty only in lieu of all other services." 

When the applicant had built or in some cases had begun to 
build, he received, if he so wished a patent. But this patent most 
explicitly stated the conditions; and if these conditions were not 
fulfilled, he was deprived of his lot, and it was granted to some 
one else. The early settling of Yorktown was one continual scene 
of disturbance and contention; there were warring rights and 
clashing tenants owing to the contentions for the same lot, and 
forfeitures by not fulfilling the conditions prescribed.^ 

The Election Riot, 1749. 

The Germans were at first denied civil rights, but when acquired 
they knew how to maintain them. They allowed no "shenani- 
gan," and when the Irish made the attempt to deny them the un- 
molested right of suffrage, they resisted the interference in a man- 
ner quite unexpected. 

The first election was held in Yorktown in 1749 at the house 
owned by Baltzer Spengler in which he afterwards kept an inn. 
The building was of logs and not quite finished, and through an 
opening at one end the tickets were received. For sheriff the two 
prominent candidates, Hans Hamilton and Richard McAlister, 
were before the people. 

In the cool of the morning all was quiet, but as the sun w^armed 
the voters, they grew in ardor for action. Hamilton, the Irish 
candidate, was from the upper end, now Adams county. McAlis- 
ter was the favorite of the "Dutch". The Germans, as they were 
wont, without much ado, worked well for their candidate, evi- 
dently gaining upon their competitors ; this vexed the " ireful 
friends" of Hamilton. Two or three stout Hibernians — boxers, as 
they w^ere called — took possession of the opening through the logs, 
where the tickets were received, determined that none but their 
friends should enjoy the right of voting. A stout German, equally 
determined to enjoy his sacred rights, without yielding an inch, 
went to the place of voting and tripped up the heels of the Irish 

lApp. Note 24. 


bullies, which eventuated in an affray. The standing saplings, 
which were near at hand, were soon torn down and cut from the 
ground, and used as offensive and defensive weapons, and blows pro- 
miscuously dealt out. The Irish were routed and put to flight; 
and to escape full merited chastisement, fled beyond the Codorus, 
and for their lives dared not show themselves, the remaining part 
of the day, east of the Codorus. No lives were lost — a few limbs 
were broken and some blood spilt. 

The Germans then voted immediately, and elected McAlister by 
an overwhelming majority. But in this instance, James Hamilton, 
Deputy Governor, as it were to gratify the Irish party, disregarded 
the people's will, exercised the executive power, and commissioned 
Hans Hamilton sheriff for one year. The Germans determined to 
have revenge at the election the following year, 1750. The past 
had not been forgotten. Representatives to the State Assembly 
were voted for, and a large party of Germans drove the people from 
the election grounds. The Sheriff, Hamilton, left the box and 
went to speak to them, but was knocked down with others.^ 

Baltzer Spexgler a Prominent Church rvlEMBER. 

The German Reformed Congregation is one of the most ancient 
religious associations in this county, and Baltzer Spengler was one 
of its most prominent and influential members. The exact year 
when the congregation was first formed is not known; but it had 
existed for some years before it was blessed with the instructions 
of a .stated teacher. Prior to its organization, in 1742, the mem- 
bers worshiped with the Lutheran Congregation. - 

On August 12, 1744, the elders of the Reformed Church called 
Rev. Jacob Lischy. Upon his retirement the thoughts of the con- 
gregation were finally directed to the Rev. Johann Conrad AVirtz, 
of Bern, Switzerland, who was then pastor in Xew Jersey. The 
congregation sent him a letter by the hands of Baltzer Spengler, 
desiring him to come to York, and preach a few sermons with the 
expectation that he might become their clerg}'man. He received 
the letter on the 21st of August, 1761, and on the 30th he left 
New Jersey in company with Baltzer Spengler for York. 

lApp. Note 25. 
2App. Note 25>^. 








Lewis Miller's Family Tradition. 

Lewis Miller, an amateur painter of scenes and events of York 
seventy or eighty years ago, and a chronicler of local history, has 
in one of his records the following : 

"The first settler, a mile from York, was old Baltzer Spetigler: he took up a 
large tract of land (had four sons, the eldest, George, came with his father from 
Germany), and built a small house this side of the run. I saw the ruins of it in 
my time not far from Rock Spring. His sons, George and John, kept the land, 
Rudolph and (young) Baltzer were in town. When William and Richard Penn 
laid out the town of York, they were at the old house of Baltzer Spengler, and gave 
Mrs. Spengler a pound of tea to make for supper, and she, never having seen tea 
before, took it for greens, and put it in a small kettle and boiled it with bacon. 
At that time there were Indians about, and came to Spengler's for some whiskey. 
Spengler had a small still which he brought from Germany." 

Mr. MiUer erred as to the visit here, 1741, of Wm. Penn, who 
died in 1 718. It was Thomas and Richard Penn who brought the 

The portion of this story relating to the tea is evidently apocry- 
phal. Tea, in the beginning of the eighteenth century, was very 
rare and costly and not in general use ; but as Mr. and Mrs. Speng- 
ler were both educated and intelligent, they certainly must have 
known of it, and even if they did not, Mrs. Sj^engler could not 
have mistaken tea for "greens," as- shriveled marketable tea is rad- 
ically different in appearance. 

Tradition tells another story of Mrs. Spengler. Upon the ar- 
rival of an Unexpected visitor for dinner, she apologized for not 
having a dish of redbeets on the table, an esculent that must have 
been highly appreciated, at least by her, in those days. 

The now indispensable potato was then little known and less 
prized, and was confined to the gardens of botanists and the curi- 
ous. An English writer of the period said : " I do not hear that 
the potato has }-et been essayed, whether they may not be propa- 
gated in great quantities for the use of swine and other cattle." 

As late as seventy years ago the now much esteemed tomato 
was considered a non-edible fruit, and was known as the " Love 
Apple," and only used for mantel ornaments. 

Baltzer Spengler was one of the earliest distillers in this section. 
As stated by Mr. Miller, he brought a small still with him from 
Germany. He subsequently enlarged the capacity of his distillery. 


Distilling was an important industry among the farmers of York 
county many years ago,^ 

Baltzer Spengler's Death. 

Baltzer Spengler died in the year 1770, aged 64 years. He was 
born March 29, 1706 instead of 1705, as he supposed. His widow 
Magdalena died in 1784. Their administration accounts were 
duly filed. ^ 

The remains of both were interred in the old German Reformed 
church graveyard, and upon it abandonment, removed to Prospect 
Hill Cemetery. On his gravestone is inscribed the following: 





ENTSCHLAFEN 1770. Der 23 Pst.: 

"Der Herr ist mein Hirt; mir wird nichts mangeln. 
Er weidet micli auf einer griinen Aue, und fiihret mich zum 

frischen Wasser. 
Er erquicket meine Seele, er fiihret mich auf rechter Strasse, 
um seines Namens willen." 






IN THE LORD 1770: THE 23rd PSALM: 

The Lord's my Shepherd, I'll not want, 

He makes me down to lie 
In pastures green; he leadeth me 

The quiet waters by. 
My soul he doth restore again. 

And me to walk doth make 
Within the paths of righteousness, 

Ev'n for his own name's sake. 

^App. Note 26. 
^App. Note 27. 


The will of Baltzer Spengler is dated October 9, 1770. The 
first codicil is of the same date, and the second was executed Octo- 
ber 17, 1770. All were probated in the Register's office Decem- 
ber 3, 1770. He was of orthodox faith, and believed that "all 
flesh is as grass, and the goodlings thereof as the flowers of the 
field, and remembering what the Lord said unto Hezekiah, Set thy 
house in order for thee must die and not live." 

Will of Baltzer Spengler. 

IN THE NAME OF GOD AMEN,— I Baltzer Spengler of York Township in the 
County of York, and Province of Pennsylvania, Yoeman, being Sick and weak of 
body, but of sound and disposing mind, memory and understanding, blessed be 
the Lord for the same, and calling unto mind that all flesh is as grass and the 
goodlings thereof as the flowers of the field and remembering what the Lord said 
unto Hezekiah, "Set thy house in order for thee must die and not live," have this 
ninth day of October, In the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and 
seventy, made and ordained this my last will and testament in the manner and 
form following, — 

In the first place I recommend my immortal soul unto the hands of Almighty 
God my creator who gave it, trusting in the merits of my ever blessed Saviour and 
Redeemer Jesus Christ for pardon and remission of all my sins and a happy admis- 
sion into the regions of bliss and immortality, — and for my body I recommend it 
to the earth, to be decently buried at the discretion of my executors hereafter 
mentioned, nothing doubting but I shall receive the same by the x\lmighty Power 
of God, and as touching such worldly estate wherewith it hath pleased the Almighty 
God to bless me with in this life, I give devise and bequeath and dispose of the 
same in the following manner and form, — 

Item I. — My will is that all my just debts and funeral charges be paid off and 
discharged as soon as conveniently may be after my decease by my executors within 
after named. 

Item II. — I give and bequeath unto my dearly beloved wife Magdalena Spengler 
the Cloaths press and all the linnen and sheeting and ready money in the house at 
the time of my decease, together with two feather beds and furniture as they now 
stand, a tea kettle and tea furniture, two pewter basons two pewter dishes, six pew- 
ter plates, one pewter porringer, one pewter Quart measure, one dozen pewter 
Spoons, One small walnut oval Table, four chairs, Two delf bowls, two small Iron 
pots, one iron ladle, one iron skimmer, one large copper ladle for dipping water, 
one iron pott-rack, the copper kettle, one spinning wheel and Reel, the cloc'i and 
cease, one looking glass, one small walnut box, the close stool chair, a large iron 
pan with feet, one small washing tub, one bucket, one pail, one brass bucket, one 
glass lantern, two quart bottles, a Psalm book and two Prayer books, one grid iron, 
one garden hoe, two cows of her own choice, the big roan mare, saddle and bridle, 
the negro man Jacob and the negro woman Fanny, her choice of four sheep and of 
two bee hives and of two hogs. My will is that my said dearly beloved wife shall 
have the produce of my dwelling plantation and all that thereon is for one full year 
after my decease and that she shall also have the new kitchen cupboard. 

Item III. — I give devise and bequeath unto my eldest son George Spengler the 


plantation and tract of land whereon he now lives being part of my original tract 
as the same is now laid out containing one hundred and twenty acres, or there 
abouts, he paying thereout to my executors hereafter named, the sum of twenty- 
five pounds, lawful money of Pa., to hold to him my said son George vSpengler his 
heirs and assigns forever, which sum of twenty- five pounds I order to be paid in a 
year after my decease. 

Item IV. — I give devise and bequeath unto my son Baltzer Spengler the house 
and part of the lot whereon he now resides situated on the north side of High Street 
in York-town extending back the weadth of his buildings forty feet and then the 
w-hole lott to be equally divided between him my said Son Baltzer and his brother 
Daniel by an eight foot alley to be Run through the remainder to the twenty foot 
alley at the north end of said lott, to hold to him my said son Baltzer, his heirs and 
assigns forever, and I also give and bequeath unto him my said son Baltzer the sum 
of twenty pounds lawful money of the province aforesaid. 

Item V. — I give and bequeath unto my son Michael Spengler the sum of fifteen 
pounds lawful money of Penns3dvania to be paid on his order yearly and every 
year dming his natural life, to be paid by my son John as is herein-after mentioned 

Item VI. — I give devise and bequeath unto my son Rudy Spengler the house and 
lott he now lives on, situate and being in High Street York-town aforesaid No. ii8 
adjoining the lott of Peter Uley deceased and William Matthews, to hold to him 
my said son Rudy Spengler his heirs assigns forever, he paying thereout to my said 
hereinafter named Executors the sum of fifty pounds lawful money of Pa., the 
sum of twenty-five pounds in one year after my decease and the remaining twenty 
five pounds in the next year following. 

Item VII. — I also give and devise unto my said son Rudolf Spengler a certain 
small piece of land containing one acre and a half more or less as the same is now 
fenced adjoining the town land and land of My son Baltzer to hold to him my son 
Rudolf his heirs and assigns forever. 

Item VIII. — I give devise and bequeath unto my son Daniel Spengler the house 
and part of a lott of ground he now lives on situate on the north side of high street 
in Yorktown aforesaid, adjoining the house and ground bequeathed to my son 
Baltzer the half lot to contain the width of the dwellind house and to be equally 
divided off the said Baltzer's part by an eight foot alley at the north end of the said 
Lott towards high street aforesaid one hundred and seventy three feet the extent 
of which distance I allow to be the middle of another eight foot alley to lead into 
the public square of York for the use and convenience of my said son Baltzer 
Spengler his heirs and assigns forever. 

Item IX. — I also give devise and bequeath unto my said son Daniel Spengler a 
small piece of land of miy original tract adjoining nn- son Baltzer Spengler and 
land hereafter bequeathed to Francis Koontz containing one acre and a half more 
or less as the same is now fenced to hold to him my said Son Daniel Spengler his 
heirs and assigns forever and I also bequeath him my said son the sum of twenty 
pounds lawful money of Pennsjdvania, 

Item X. — I give devise and bequeath unto my son John Spengler the dwelling 
plantation on which I now live with its appurtinance situate in the township afore- 
said adjoining the lands of James Smith, Frances Bickle, Geo. Stevenson, Conrad 
Holsbaum, Geo. Spengler and containing two hundred and twenty five acres to 
hold to him my said son John his heirs and assigns forever, Upon condition that 
he provides for his mother My dearly beloved wife twenty bushels wheat twenty 


bushels Rye twenty five bushels of Oats, fifty pounds of hackled hemp one hun- 
dred pounds beef, one hundred and fifty pounds of pork her choice of four rows of 
apple trees, yearly and every year during her natural life, and allow her to live in 
my dwelling house as long as she thinks proper and if she should not choose to 
dwell with him he shall build her a good and sufficient dwelling house upon such 
part of my said plantation as she shall choose at her requittal and shall also deliver 
her sufficient fire wood at her door and that he my said son John shall pay unto 
my son Michael Spengler beforenamed the sum of fifteen pounds lawful money of 
Pa, Yearly and every year during the term of his my said son Michael's life and 
the sum of two hundred and seventy five pounds lawful money aforesaid in manner 
following Viz. twenty five pounds thereof on the decease of my beloved wife Mag- 
dalena and the sum of two hundred and fifty pounds the remainder thereof at the 
decease of my said son Michael Spengler, which said sum of two hundred and 
seventy five pounds I order and direct to be equally divided among all my children 
the children of my daughter Juliana only excepted. 

Item XI. — It is my will and I do order that not-withstanding the above request 
to my said son John That should he my said son John depart this life without law- 
ful issue of his body and he possessed of the land above bequeathed then and in 
such case the said lands to him bequeathed shall become the property and right of 
all my children except the children of my aforesaid daughter Julia. 

Item XII. — I also give and bequeath unto my said son John Spengler the new 
Wagon and gears, the horse called Pinner and the young roan two of the plows 
and harrows a log chain two collars and two pairs of iron traces. 

It'im XIII. — I give and bequeath unto my grand children Born of the body of 
my daughter Juliana deceased Viz, — Frederick, Magdaleua, Hannah, John, and 
Elizabeth Bickle the sum often pounds Lawful money of Pennsylvania cash to be 
paid them as they arrive to the age of twenty one years, — 

Item XIV. — I give and bequeath unto my daughter Elizabeth now the wife of 
Francis Koontz the sum of two hundred pounds Lawful money of Pennsylvania to 
be paid her by my Executors in manner following Viz, — The sum of fifty pounds 
part thereof in one year after my decease and the sum of fifty pounds yearly until 
the whole sum is paid, — 

Item XV. — I give devise and bequeath unto my said daughter Elizabeth Koontz 
a small piece of land part of my original tract containing one acre and a half more 
or less as the same is now laid out and fenced to hold to her my said daughter Eliz- 
abeth her husband and assigns forever. 

Now all the rest and residue and Remainder of my Estate Real and personal not 
hereinbefore disposed of I order and direct the same to be equally divided to and 
amongst all my children excepting thereout the children of my aforesaid Daughter 

And lastly I do hereby nominate constitute and appoint my Son Baltzer Spengler 
and my trusty and well beloved friend Michael Swoope Esquire, my onlj' and sole 
Executors of this my last will and testament herebj' ratifying and confirming this 
and no other to be and contain my last will and testament In testimony whereof 
I have hereunto set my hand and seal the day and year first mentioned. 


Signed sealed Published and Pronounced and declared by the said testator Baltzer 
Spengler as and for his last will and testament who in his presence and at his re- 
quest sign our own names as witnesses to the same, (Yearly and every year during 


her natural life being first interlined), George Weller Michael Kohn Christopher 
Lauman Joseph Bond. 

Codicil No. i. 

Be it remembered that on the day of the date hereof, I the above named Baltzer 
Spengler do will order and direct my said John Spengler to feed and find and pro- 
vide the cows, mares and sheep bequeathed to his mother with good and sufficient 
fother during her natural life and as this was omitted in the foregoing wnll I have 
thought fit to place it in this codicil. BALTZER SPENGLER [seal] 

Sealed signed published and pronounced by the testator as a codicil to his last 
will and testame. it in our presence. George Weller Michael Kohn Christopher 
Lauman and Thos. Bond. 

Codicil No. 2. 

Be it remembered that on the seventeenth day of October 1770 I Baltzer Spengler 
the testator within named do hereby empower authorize and direct my executors 
in my last will and testament named (to wit) Baltzer Spengler Jr. my Son and Mi- 
chael Swoope Esquire, or any or either of them to make and execute and deliver 
deeds and other proper conveyances in fee to my several children for the sev- 
eral houses, lots and lands which have in my said will bequeathed to them and 
also to make execute and deliver a conveyance or conveyances in fee to such other 
persons or person as I am by articles of agreement or otherwise obliged to do and 
execute for lands sold them as fully and to so good intent and purpose as if my self 
were personally present and I do order and direct that all my clothing shall be 
given to my said Son Michael by my Executors, at any reasonable time after my 
decease, together with a feather bed he now lays on. 




Signed sealed published pronounced and delivered by the said Baltzer Spengler 
as and for a codicil to his last will and testament in the presence of us George Wel- 
ler Michael Halin Thos. Bonde and Christopher Lauman. 

YORK CO. S. S.: 

Before Samuel Johnston Esq. Deputy Register for the probate of Wills and grant- 
ing letters of Administration in and for the Co. of York in the Province of Pennsyl- 
vania Personally appeared Geo. Weller, Michael Hahn, Joseph Boude and Chris- 
topher Lauman the four subscribing witnesses to the foregoing three several instru- 
ments of writing, and the said witnesses on their solemn oaths respectfully taken 
according to Law and the said George Weller on his solemn affirmation taken ac- 
cording to law according to acts of parliament the being of the people called Unitis 
Fratrum and conscientiously scrupling the taking of an oath do severally say that 
the)' were personallj' present and saw and heard the said Baltzer Spengler sign 
seal publish and deliver the three foregoing instruments of writing last mentioned 
and as and for the codicils to his said last will and testament and that all the time when 
the said Baltzer Spengler executed the said several instruments of writing in man- 
ner aforesaid he was of sound and disposing mind and memory and further that the 
said deponents and afl[Lrmants subscribed their names to each of the said instru- 



ments of writing respectfully as witnesses to the same in the presence of the said 
testator and at his request, sworn and affirmed and subscribed before me at York 
this 3 day of December 1770. SAML,. JOHNSTON Deputy Register. 


Finis. . JOS. BONDE. 

christopher lauman. 
Inventory of Personal Estate. 
In the very long inventory of the testator's personal estate filed 
are the subjoined items. The individual who clerked the inven- 
tory was a reckless emasculator of the King's English, for his 
spelling is both unique and picturesque. It must be remembered, 
however, that the community was then intensely German, and too 
much must not be expected. 

Items Found in the Inventory. 

A new gun in dispute, Wooling and Spinning Wheels, A pair of Hillirs, Bee 
Basket and Hops Two Kratles and a Scythe, Heckled Hemp, Still and all the uten- 
tials, Seven Sickles, Ten yards of Foold Lindsey, Stripet Linnen, Hand Skrew, 
Sour Krout and tup, Bred Baskets, Four Pewter Bassons, Hogshead of cider. Fry- 
ing Pann, Thirteen Pewter Plates, Small Jugg, One Pewter Tankert, 20 Gallons of 
Apple Ligquer Pewter cups and Copper Pott and Kittles, 10 Barrels of Rei Whisky, 
Canttle sticks, Ireon Stands, 18 yards baggon, Cofy Mill, pair End Ireons, Kroe 
Barr, Parsel of Pattatos and Cabitch Heads, Bench, Hogs fat in the Penn and 
Shouts, An Ats, One Bed and Bedstead with the Curttins as it stands. 

Negroe man Jacob 75 pounds. 

Negroe Woomen Teamar 20 pounds. 

The account of the Executors was filed December 12, 1772, in 
which they charged themselves with the estate, not devised, 
amounting to ^1040, 19., yyid.^ 

The account of the estate of Magdalena Spengler, widow of 
Baltzer Spengler, Sr., deceased, was filed November 16, 1785.^ 
Baltzer SpengIvEr's Children : 

1. George Spengler. 

2. Baltzer Spengler. 

3. Daniel Spengler. 

4. Michael Spengler. 

5. Rudolf Spengler. 

6. John Spengler. 

7. Elizabeth, wife of Francis Koontz. 

8. Juliana, wife of Francis Bickle. 

^App. Note 27. 
«App. Note 28. 


(Son of Baltzer, Sr.) 

Was born in the Rhenish Palatinate, now in Baden, March 20, 
1732, and died October 2, 1810, aged 78-6-13. 

Anna Maria his wife, was born January 3, 1735, and died Jan- 
uary 22, 1803. George Spengler occupied until his death the 
large brick house on the Plank Road, near York, erected by his 
father in 1760. 

Early Horse Races in York. 

The Spenglers in the early days were great sportsmen and kept 
race horses of the first-class. Lewis Miller in his chronicles has 
the following : 

Race Ground 1804. 

" Old race ground, it was from the Peacbbottom road out South, (now the Plank 
Road). Spengler's gray horse won every race very easily by more than two 
lengths, without being headed: the excitement was immense after running the 
horses; see the number: i. William Spengler's gray horse, 2. George Spengler, 
3. Michael Edwards, 4. Zachariah Spengler, 5. Old Grandfather George Spengler. 
This race was in 1804." 

George Spengler was a son of George, Sr., and William and 
Zachariah Spengler were sons of John Spengler, son of Baltzer, Sr. 
In the large races in those days horses were entered from Mary- 
land and Virginia. Theatrical entertainments were given in the 
old Court House. ^ 

George Spengler's Children: 

1. Col. George Spangler. 

2. John Spangler. 

3. Magdalena, wife of Adam Wolf. 

4. Anna Maria Spangler. 

5. Mary, wife of Wm. McClean. 

lApp. Note 29. 




Was born February 24, 1759, baptized March 18, 1759, died 
October 21, 1831. His wife was Sarah McCandless. 

The Philadelphia Committee of Safety, under date of July 10, 

1776, directed that an order be drawn on John Nixon, Esq., and 

others, the Committee of Accounts, in favor of George Spangler 

for ten pounds, for defraying the expenses of Capt. Campbell's 

men discharged from confinement and ordered to York Town 

which is directed to be charged to his account. 

Resolved, "George Spangler conduct the Prisoners of War from this City to 
York Town, there to be stationed under the care of the Committee of that Town." 

At the instance of the same Council of Safety on September 18, 

1777, "An order was drawn on David Rittenhouse, Esq., Treasurer 
of the State, in favor of George Spangler for the sum of six pounds 
and ten shillings, for his services riding express on public business." 

In 1775 George Spangler was a member of Capt. George Eich- 
elberger's Company, and in 1776 was Lieutenant of the Second 
Company, Third Battalion, York County Militia,^ and marched 
with his battalion the same year to New Jersey to form the Flying 

At the first Democratic meeting held in York, 1799, at Furry's 
tavern on East Market street, the chairman was Col. George Spang- 
ler, at which was buried at a mock funeral the "Black Cockade of 

He was Lieut. Colonel of the 113th Regiment York County Mi- 
litia in 1801. The militia camp on the Commons in York, 1814, 
numbered 6,000, and came from Lancaster, Dauphin and Lebanon 
counties, and one company from Bucks county. They were ren- 
dezvoused here to be in readiness to repel the British attack on 
Baltimore. He was a member of the State assembly 1803, 1804, 
1805, 1808 and 1809; Notary Public and County Treasurer 1814 to 
1817; Director of the Poor 1813, 1815, 1817 and 1818. In 1817 

^App. Note 34. 
'App. Note 14. 


he was one of the Marshalls in the parade given in honor of Gov- 
ernor-elect William Findlay. 

In 1816 the Laurel Fire Company was re-organized. "Colonel 
George Spangler, at whose house the meeting was held, became 
President." Among the other members of the Company at that 
time were: William Spangler, George Small, Peter Small, Henry 
Small, Thomas Baumgardner and Jacob Spangler. He kept tavern 
at the large brick Spangler mansion on the Plank Road, still stand- 
ing, opposite the first toll gate. He also built the Washington 
House (on the present site of the Small building) on East Market 
street, for half a century the leading hotel in York. Daniel Web- 
ster, Henry Clay, President Zachary Taylor and Andrew Johnson 
addressed the multitude from the balcony. The latter was accom- 
panied by General Grant and Admiral Farragut ; York having 
been on the route of the President's famous "swing around the 
circle". He was on the committee to arrange for the reception 
of Gen. Lafayette, in York, in 1825. 

Col. George Spangler's Death. 

From the York Republican of October 21, 1831: 

"Departed this transitory life, on Friday morning last, Col Ge;orge SpanglER, 
in the 73d year of his age. He lingered with a pulmonary consumption, for better 
than 14 months but he bore his pain and suflFering with fortitude and christian 

"Col. Spangler was one of the few yet remaining patriots of '76. He represented 
this county in the L,egislature of this State for seven or eight years, where he was 
attentive to his duties, and faithful and useful to his constituents. He has left a 
disconsolate widow and three children to bemourn their loss. His remains were 
interred in the burial ground of the Ger. Ref. Church in this town, on Sunday last, 
followed by a large concourse of relatives and friends." 

The children of Col. George Spangler were : 
1 . GE(3RGE W. SPANGLER, was born 1792, and lived at the old 
Baltzer Spengler homestead. He married Sarah Leightner, daugh- 
ter of Ignatius Leigh tner, who after her husband's death in 1829, 
May 20, married William Spangler, son of John Spangler, son of 
Baltzer Spengler, Sr. She died July 7, 1874, aged 82 years and 
8 months. George W. was a member of Captain Michael H. 
Spangler's Company in the war of 1812-14. He participated in 
the battle of North Point, near Baltimore, September 20, 1814. 
He was a Notary Public, a Surveyor, and County Commissioners' 
Clerk in 1823. ^^ issue. 


2. MCCANDLESS SPANGLER, born May 24, 1810, died unmar- 
ried October 16, 1832. 

3. MARY ANN, wife of Dr. SAMUEL HUGO, born Feb. 24, 1805, 

baptized by Rev. Robert Cathcart March 20, 1805, married May 
17, 1825, ^^^^ '^^ St. Lous December 31, 1866, and buried at Alton, 
111. Mrs. Hugo, fifty years ago, lived in the old Spengler home- 
stead on the Plank Road. Rev. Bland, 40 years ago, kept a boys' 
school there. Dr. Hugo was a surgeon in the U. S. army in the 
war of 181 2, and served with Gen. Scott at the battle of Lundy's 
Lane. He was born April 25, 1787, died in York March i, 1861 
and was buried in the Friends' burying ground. They moved to 
Illinois. Children : 

/. EDWARD MORGAN HUGO, Alton, 111. 

2. SARAH E., wife of — KEEFE, afterwards of S. H. PAUL, 
Alton, 111. 

J. JULIA R., wife of J. C. PRICE, Alton, 111. 

4. OSCEOLA VICTOR HUGO, Alton, 111. 

5. GEORGE HUGO and three other children are dead. 

4. JOSEPH KRIMPS SPANGLER, born August 22, 1808, mar- 
ried Elsie (Cath. C.) Sanderson March 11, 1830, both dead. Chil- 


2. SARAH E., deceased wife of GEORGE W. HIBNER. 


I. Edward B Hibner. 2. George W. Hibner. 

3. Annie K. Hibner. 4. William Mann Hibner. 

5. Henry S. Hibner. 6. Benjamin F. Hibner. 

4. WM. SPANGLER, 87th Regt., Penn'a Infantry. 

5. HARRIET, wife of PHILIP CRAUMER, married July 3, 
1808, and died April 8, 1830.. Children: 


J. SARAH, wife of HENRY WOLF, who was in the Mexi- 
can war. Children : 

1. Arabella, wife of Joseph Perigo, Baltimore. 

2. Harriet, wife of John Snyder. 

3. Caroline, wife of William Rively. 

4. Sarah, wife of Frank Ilgenfritz. 


5. Henry Wolf, Erie, Pa. 

4. JOHN CRAUMER, died in Ohio. 

5. JOSEPH CRAUMER, Piedmont, W. Va. 

6. MARY, wife of AUGUST THALDORFF, Ohio. 

7. CAROLINE, wife of WM. WOLF. 

8. WM. CRAUMER, Pittsburg, Pa. \ 

9. HARRIET, wife of DAVID MICKEY, New Bloomfield, 

6. JAMES SPx\NGLER, born January 15, 1795, baptized Febru- 
ary 20, 1795, died June 16, 1813, unmarried. 

On his tombstone is the following quaint inscription : 

" You travelers all as you pass by, 
As you are now so once was I. 
You young men all stoop down and see, 
As I am now you soon must be." 


(Son of George). 

Moved to Fayette county, Kentucky, before 181 1. He had a 
son George. No trace was found of either. 


(Daughter of George Spengler, Sr.). 

Born October 30, 1761, baptized November 8, 1761. She after- 
wards became the wife of Mr. Ellmore, of Edenton, North Caro- 

Adam Wolf owned about 200 acres of land along ]\Iill Creek, 
south of the Plank Road, along the York Southern Railroad, 
He was in Capt. Wm. Bailey's Company in the Revolutionary 
War. Children : 

1. GEORGE WOLF, born June 3, 1778, died in 1871 in York 






7. SARAH, wife of DANIEL SIPLE. 

10. WM. WOLF; all of York county. 


12. AMANDA, wife of SAMUEL ALBRO, New York. 
ij. MARY, wife of OLIVER BENNETT, Williamsport, Pa. 
2. ANTHONY WOLF, dead. 

/. WM. WOLF, dead. Children : 

1. Euphemia, wife of Daniel Spangler. 

2. Annie F., wife of Jacob Davis. 

3. Amanda, wife of Lafayette Jones, York. 
2. SPANGLER WOLF, dead. Children: 

1. Annie, wife of J. Alexander Wilhelm. 

2. Wm. Wolf. 

3. Mary, wife of Emanuel Keller, York. 


(Daughter of George Spengler, Sr). 
Born in May 1758, died unmarried. 

V. MARY, wife of WM. McCLEAN, 

(Daughter of George SjDengler, Sr). 

Wm. McClean died July 4, 1798. Mary afterwards married Dr. 
Jolm Rouse, of York, with whom she had no children. She was 
born May 27, 1757, and died June 17, 1844. 


Was born in York April i6, 1735, baptized October 10, 1735, as 
Balthasar, and married Christina Messerschmidt, who was born in 
1739. He succeeded his father as an innkeeper at the Black Horse 
Inn, two doors west of the Court House Square, on the site now 
owned by Jacob Stair and twelve feet of the Jordan property. Upon 
his death in 1798, his widow Christina conducted it, and upon her 
demise it was kept by her son Samuel Spangler. John Koons con- 
ducted it in 1 81 8. 

Baltzer and his brother Rudolf were original members of the 
Sun Fire Company of York, formed in January, 1771. Compared 
with the present methods and aj^pliances for extinguishing fires 
the old bucket brigade, military in drill, and the primitive appara- 
tus, were unique and picturesque.^ 

Lieutenant of a ^Militia Company in 1775. 

"We do admit George Eichelberger, r.Iichael Hahn, Baltzer Spangler, Rudy 
Spangler, and Geo. Stake to raise a Company of Militia in York Town, as soon as 
thirty have signed to chuse officers of the Company, the said Company to be a part 
of the first Battalion, and we direct the said Company to be raised — provided that 
they take no Person in that Company who may have signed the last as.*ociation in 
Captain Lukens or Captain Irwius Companies — as witness our Hands this 27th 
Day of December 1775 

J AS. SMITH Col. Batt.= 
THOS. HARTIvEY, L't. Coll.^ 

MICH'L. S\VOOPE 1 AT.-Jorc 4 


We the Subscribers do hereby associate as a Company in the first Battalion of 
Y'ork County Militia as soon as thirty have signed, a Captain two I,ieutenants and 
two Ensigns to be chosen — and we do hereb}' promise and engage to comply with 
and adhere to the Regulations Articles and Resolutions of the Assembly of this 
Province entered into for the Government of the Associators of Pennsylvania, 
which said Regulations are to be annexed to the Association and to be binding. 
As witness our Hands this 27th Day of December 1775 

^App. Notes 30, 31. "App. Note 32. ^App. Note 33. ■'Page 114. 



'^^^'(^ LIBRARY 

' ^^^ox Ann 




Capt. George Eichelberger: 

1 U. Mich'lHahn: 

2 Lt. Baltzer Spengler: 

Jacob Eichinger, ab. 
George Moul 
Samuel Nelson 
Lodwig Hetick 
James Warley, ab. 
Caspar Miiller, ab. 
Jacob Schenck 
Jacob Rudisill Jun, ab. 
Jacob Miller, ab. 
Jacob Funk 
George Spangler 
Johannes Flender 
James Clerck, ab. 
Henrich Rauch, ab. 
James McCullagh 
Georg Fritzlen, ab. 
Frederick Youce 

Anthony Ritz 
Nicholas Bernhard 
Jacob Durang, ab. 
Johannes Wolff, ab. 
George Geesey, ab. 
IvOrentz Schmahl, ab. 
Jacob Schneider, ab. 
Finken Imfelt 
James Jones 
Nicholas Upp. 
Jacob Schram, ab. 
Martin Breuneiser 
George Craff 
Johannes Welsh, ab. 
Johannes Pick, ab. 
Lutwig Weisang 
Jacob Neuman 

Michael Graybill 
Jacob Schreiber, ab. 
Johannes Kunckel, ab. 
Georg Fiarar, ab. 
Henry Zimmerman 
Jos. Bonde 
John Maguire, ab. 
Michael Kopenhover 
Michal Weider 
Michal Riiger 
Michael Welsh 

Rudolph Spengler 
John Fisher 
Stophel Shelley 
George Myer" 

On the adjoining page of the above document are the additional 
names : Frederick Aderholdt, John Rose, John Water and Christian 

The Sergeants were: Bonde, Yonce, Moul and Hedick; Corpo- 
rals: Ritz, Funck, Neuman and Brenneiser. 

In the following year, 1776, Baltzer Spengler, Jr. was elected 
ist Lieutenant of the Fourth Company, George Michael Speng- 
ler, Ensign; Christian Stake ist Lieutenant of the Fifth Com- 
pany, and Rudolph Spengler, brother of Baltzer, Jr., Captain 
of the Sixth Company. These companies constituted a portion of 
the five battalions that marched to New Jersey in 1776 to form the 
" Flying Camp." 

A Member of the Committee of Safety of York. 

Baltzer Spengler, Jr., was one of the Committee of " Freeholders 
and Inhabitants" of Yorktown, organized December 16, 1774, for 
the purpose of procuring "the earlier intelligence of any material 
transactions" concerning the English oppression of their compatri- 
ots in Boston. They devised measures for raising a fimd to defray 
the expense of communicating intelligence and alleviating the 
wants of the poor at Boston. This committee, upon the outbreak 
of the Revolutionary War, was known as the "Committee of 


Safety," and rendered most invaluable and effective services in 
raising and arming troops in the cause of x-lmerican independence; 
for, as Col. Thomas Hartley said, "the York District had armed 
the first in Pennsylvania and had furnished more men for the war 
and lost a greater number of men in it than any other District on 
the Continent of the same number of inhabitants." Baltzer Speng- 
ler, Jr., was 2nd Lieutenant of Captain George Eichelberger's Com- 
pany in 1775, known as the Fourth Company, The writer was 
very fortunate in discovering the original and unpublished manu- 
scripts, authorizing the formation of this Fourth Company in the 
Revolution, as well as the unpublished lists of thirty-one other 
York county companies in that struggle.' 

First Assistant Burgess. 

York was not incorporated during the first forty-six years after 
it was laid out. On the 24th of September, 1787, it was chartered 
as the "Borough of York," and Baltzer Spengler was one of the 
first assistant Burgesses after the incorporation. The population 
of York in 1790 was 2,076. 

President Washington's Visit to York, 1791 — Quartered 
AT Baltzer Spengler's Inn. 

Upon his return from his trip through the Southern States, 
President Washington visited York, arriving here on July 2, 
1 791. He came from Mount Vernon through Frederick and Han- 
over. He was met b)' a delegation from York at the present site 
of Nashville, in Jackson township. Gen. Henry Miller,- Maj. John 
Clark,'^ Col. Thomas Hartley, Lieut. Colonels David Grier and 
John Hay, and Hon. James Smith, intimate friends of Washington, 
were then living, and greeted him. He quartered at the leading 
hostelry of Baltzer Spengler, Jr., second door west of Court House 
Square,* some of whose descendants have still in their possession 
china-ware used on that occasion. 

The following bill shows that there was an illumination : 

"York, August 30, 1791. 
"George Fry; Bot. of Henry Pentz, 

"41 ITjs. candles for illuminating the Court House for the President of the United 
States. £2, 18, o." 

'App. Note 34. "App. Note 35. ^^pp. Note 36. ''A.pp. Note 37. 


From the unpublished Yoj'k German 3Ioravian Church Diary of ijgi, by Pastor John 

"On the 2nd of July, 1791, came to Yorktown the Honorable President Washing- 
ton. The bells of the town were rung in his honor, a melody of sweet and pleasant 
sounds; linked with the inspiring event they appeared to me as if the voices of 
archangels were present. I could not restrain my tears over the thought — Yea, I 
cried aloud; not from a sense of sadness, but from a pressure of overwrought emo- 
tions and irrepressible joy. In the evening the Court House was illuminated, a 
light being placed at every pane." 

He was received with great enthusiasm by the numerous patri- 
ots in and around York, many of whom had fought under him in 
many battles during the Revolution. The morning (Sunday) fol- 
lowing his arrival, there being no pastor of the Episcopal church, 
he was invited by prominent members of the German Reformed 
church (of which Baltzer Spengler was one) to attend their ser- 
vices, and accepted. The services being in German he could not 
understand a word, and was presumably relieved upon their con- 

The present scribe with great difficulty obtained a copy of that 
portion of the unpublished diary of President Washington describ- 
ing his visit to York.' 

Baltzer Spengler, Jr., died August i, 1798, aged 63 years, 3 
months and 15 days. The inscription on the gravestone over his 
remains now in Prospect Hill Cemetery is : 










"in memory of 

baltzer spengler 

he was an affectionate husband 

an indulgent father 

a good citizen 

and who died the 1st of august 1 798 

in the 64th year of his age.,' 

lApp. Note 38. 


Christina, his wife, died August 24, 182 1. 

Frotn the York Recorder, atid Independent Reptiblican, Tuesday August 28, 1821. 

"Died, on Friday evening last, in this borough, Mrs. Christina Spengler— widow 
of the late Baltzer Spangler, at the advanced age of 8r. 

The universal esteem in which this respectable lady was held during her long 
and active life, is the best comment on her character. In works of charity and 
benevolence she was active and persevering, while her health permitted. As a 
parent, a monitor, or a friend, her practical good sense, and most exemplary con- 
duct in all the relations in life, gave to her character a peculiar force and respect. 
The Christian Religion was a living principle with her through the course of a 
long and useful life, and she gave the strongest evidence of its being her surest 
consolation and support, in the patience and resignation with which she bore a 
distressing illness, and finally met her approaching end. 

She departed in the fullness of time, and 'being not wearied with well doing,' 
we are assured she shall reap 'an exceeding great reward.' " 

On her tombstone is inscribed : 

My wasting life draws near the grave 
Make bare thine arms thy servant save 





.\h take these tears mortality's relief 
And till we share your joys forgive our grief 
These little rites, a stone, a verse, receive 
This all that we your children now can give. ' ' 

Baltzer Spengler's Children : 

1. Daniel Spangler. 

2. Maria Elizabeth, wife of Alexander Cobean. 

3. ]\Iary Magdalena, wife of William McClellan. 

4. Dr. John Spangler. 

5. Samuel Spangler. 

6. Jacob Spangler. 

7. George Spangler. 

8. Mar}^, wife of Jacob Dritt. 


Was born November 20, 1761, and baptized December 25, 1761. 
He was a saddler in 1794. Married to Margaret Hahn June 30, 


1784, who died May 28, 18 10, aged 46-7-9. From 1799 to 180 1 

was County Commissioner. In 1801 he resided in the house now 

owned by the heirs of George Upp, No. 7 West Market street. He 

died February 11, 181 3. On his gravestone is inscribed : 

" Here lies entomb'd 
Whom more than paupers weep, 
Fast by his 
His wife and daughters sleep." 

From the } 'ork Recorder of June 2, 18 10. 

"Died in this Borough on Tuesday evening last, much regretted by her numer- 
ous friends, after a lingering illness, Mrs. Margaret Spangler, wife of Daniel 
Spangler in the 47th year of her age. 

Of the deceased it may with truth be said, She was a kind wife, a tender mother 
and an affectionate friend. She was benevolent and pious of which a calm resigna- 
tion into the hands of her God bears ample testimony. 

Let those who witnessed her peaceful dissolution, profit by the example she 
afforded them; let them be 'also ready,' for as the lightning cometh out of the 
east, and shine th even into the west, so shall also the coming of the son of man be. ' ' 

Children : 

1. GEORGE W. SPANGLER, born October 9, 1806, baptized Au- 
gust 23, 1807, and died, childless, March 3, 1827. 

From the Vork Gazette of March 6, 1827: 

Died — On Saturday last, in the borough, Geo. W. Spangler, youngest son of the 
late Daniel Spangler, Esq., in the 21st year of his age. 

" In the midst of life we are in death." 
"These words can never make a more forcible impression, than on an occasion 
like the present, when a youth has departed to take up his abode in the ' City of 
Silence ' in those years when the heart is overpowered by the gay and delightful 
prospect of earthly felicity. But so it is, no precaution or art can avail against a 
common law imposed on all beings in the universe. The anchor is not cast in the 
River of Ivife ; death, remorseless and inexorable death, regardless of age or condi- 
tion, carries away those who struggle against it, as well as those who go with the 

" On Sunday last his remains were interred in the German Reformed cemetery, 
and his funeral rites were performed by the Rev, Dr. Schmucker and the Rev. Mr. 
Hall, who both, in addressing an unusual numerous auditory, bore testimony, that 
whilst his surviving friends may derive an useful example from his pious resigna- 
tion in death, they may take consolation from the hope, that he has met his reward 
from the Almighty Being in whose adoration he breathed his expiring sigh." 
"Thrice happy each lamented son, 

Safe landed on some happier shore. 
Whose short-timed glass so soon is run 
And death shall never pain him more." 

2. Col. MICHAEL HAHN SPANGLER, cabinet maker. Born 
April 3, 1 791, baptized June 20, 1791. 


During the war of 1812-14 he commanded the only troops from 
York county (6,000 State militia were encamped at York) that ar- 
rived in time to take part in the battle of North Point, Baltimore.' 

Carter and Glossbrenner, in their history of York county, (known 
as Glossbrenner's) give a graphic description of the York county 
contingent who marched to the defense of the ^lonumental City.^ 

Col. M. H. Spangler at the Flood of 181 7. 

Colonel Spangler proved himself also quite a hero in the great 
and disastrous flood in York, in 181 7, which swept away many 
houses west of the Codorus, and consigned many to watery graves. 
Says Glossbrenner in his history: 

"Before the creek had arisen to the fullness of its fearful height Col. Michael H. 
Spangler first with a horse and afterwards with a boat, removed many people from 
their houses, thereby saving them most probably from a death amid the waters. At 
one time there were eight persons attached to the boat, so that it was almost impos- 
sible to make it move over the waters. A few minutes and it would have been too 
late to have saved these beings from the fury of a merciless element." 

Colonel of the 94th REorMENT. 

Colonel Spangler in 1816 was elected Colonel of the newly-or- 
ganized 94th Regiment of Pennsylvania Militia; afterwards Bri- 
gade Inspector of the ist Brigade, 5th Division, Pennsylvania 
Militia, which office he filled acceptably until the close of his life. 

At the fourth of July (18 18) celebration he responded to the fol- 
lowing toast: "Industry, the great source of competence, and the 
friend of health and good morals — as it merits the care, so may it 
receive the encouragement of government." 

His Death. 

He died on Sunday, September 7, 1834, and in the funeral cor- 
tege were mourning relatives, a vast concourse of friends, officers 
of the 94th Regiment Pennsylvania Militia, the survivors of the 
"York Volunteers" and the following volunteer companies of York: 

The "Washington Artillerists," commanded by Capt. Jacob 
Upp, Jr. 

The "Pennsylvania Volunteers," commanded by Capt. John 

'App. Note 39. 
'App. Note 40. 


The "Citizens' Guards," commanded by Capt. Samuel Hay. 
The "National Grays," commanded by Capt. Alex. H. Barnitz. 
The " York Rangers," commanded by Capt. Sam'l E. Clement. 
Col. Michael H. Spangler married Matilda Schriver March 15, 
1814. His remains now lie with his kin in Prospect Hill ceme- 
tery, in the Wagner lot. His children were : 

/. AUGUSTUS D. SPANGLER, Cincinnati, Ohio, where he 
married May 28, 1825, Martha Jane Linley. He was born- 
January 4, 1805, and died August 4, 1839, aged 34 years 
and 7 months. Inscription on his gravestone in Prospect 
Hill cemetery : 

" Suflfering soul, thy days are ended — 
All thy suffering here below. 
Go by angel guards attended, 
To the side of Jesus go. ' ' 

Two children. 

BETT, Frederick, Md., born December 23, 1816, married 
April, 1837, dead. 

J. ANDREW M. SPANGLER, Philadelphia, born Decem- 
ber 13, 1818, graduated from Marshall College, Mercers- 
burg, Pa., in 1846; in 1842 he was Lieut. Col. of the 94th 
Regt., York County Militia; in 1849 was a clerk in the 
U. S. Patent Office; afterwards edited the Lancaster 
Gazette and Farm Journal; removed to Philadelphia in 
1 85 1, where he published the Farmer and Gardener, the 
Year Book of the Farm, and for twenty years was editor 
of the Evening Star. He was officially identified with 
the Board of Public Education, the Industrial Art School, 
Boys Central High School, and Manual Training School, 
and is now a member of the flourishing firm of Spangler 
& Davis, Printers, Commerce Street, Philadelphia. He 
married Mary M. Shaffer, September 10, 1846. Their 
children are : 

1. Florence, wife of E. K. Wilson. 

2. William W. Spangler, dead. 

3. Charles S. Spangler, City Editor Philadelphia Ledger. 

4. Mary Kate, wife of Charles J. Webb, Philadelphia. 


4. WILLIAM H. SPANGLER, born March 8, 182 1, died in 

Dover, N. J. Children : 

1, William H. Spangler. 

2. Cora E. M., wife of Frederick O. Wilson. 

5. B. FRANK SPANGLER, born December 4, 1829, con- 

ducted a book store for many years prior to the war at 
No. 5 East Market street, York. He married June 15, 
1853, Sallie M. Kehler, of Lancaster county, Pa. He 
died in York May 13, i860. His remains lie without a 
tablet in the Wagner lot in Prospect Hill Cemetery. 

6. MARGARET M., widow of WM. D. ELLIOT, deceased, 

of York, born July 13, 1832, married March 5, 1855. 
He died October i6th, 1888, aged 59-10-27. Children: 

1. Wm. F. Elliot, ^Manufacturer, Lock Haven, Pa. 

2. Florence M. Elliot. 

3. Frank S. Elliot, Attorney-at-Law, Philadelphia, Pa. 

4. Thomas E. Elliot, Journalist, York. 

5. Mary, wife of Alexander Cathcart, Chicago. 

6. James M. D. Elliot. 

7. Walter L. Elliot, Chicago. 8. Charles L. Elliot. 
9. Daisy i\I, Elliot, dead. 10. Louisa S. Elliot. 

3. MARY ANN, wife of JACOB UPP, married September 17, 
1825, and died January 6, 1828, aged 23 years and 16 days. His 
second wife was Eliza Ann Baumgardner. Mr. Upp was born De- 
cember 4, 1792, baptized March 15, 1795, was Captain of the 
"Washington Artillerists " of York 1830-40. No issue. 

4. EMANUEL SPANGLER, born February 11, 1787, died April 
8, 1825, and his remains, with several of his children, lie in the 
Friends' Meeting House churchyard, on West Philadelphia street, 
York. He married Jane Gardner. Children : 

1. MARY H., wife of Rev. BENJAMIN HUTCHINS, Albion, 

111. Mr. Plutchins at the date of his marriage, January 
24, 1836, at Northern Liberties, Pa., was rector of St. 
John's Church, York, 





Col. MICHAEL H. SPANGLER, 1814. (p. 161.) 




The last six were born between 1816 and 1825, ^^^ ^^^^ single. 

5. MARGARET, wife of WILLIAM WAGNER, cashier of the 

York Bank; married April 23, 1823, ^i^^ ^^Y 26, 1871. Mr. 
Wagner was an engraver, and his water color views of York, of 
1830, are very artistic and now of great value. He died July 5, 
1869. Children : 

7. D. SPANGLER WAGNER, Jeweler, York, born June 24, 

1823, ^^^^ October 2, 1884. Daughter: 

I. Margaretta Wagner, York. 

2. WM. G. WAGNER, York. Children : 

I. Harry R. Wagner. 2. Ida Wagner, dead. 

3. Annie M. Wagner. 4. Emma Wagner. 

5. Minnie R., wife of Thomas Tappenden, England. 

3. LEWIS EDWARD WAGNER, Philadelphia, dead. Chil- 

dren : 

I. Julia Wagner. 2. Mabel Wagner. 

6. BALTZER SPANGLER, died without issue November 11, 
1826, aged 30 years. He was a member of the drum and fife corps 
of his father's company, and marched with him to the defense of 
Baltimore in 18 14. He was afterwards a member of the York Bar. 

7. ELIZABETH SPANGLER, born 1789, died May 14, 1814. 

8. LEAH, wife of HUGH SCOTT, of Gettysburg, Pa., born De- 
cember 18, 1794, baptized March 15, 1795, died Nov. 15, 1818. 

Front the York Recorder of November i"/, 1818: 

"She was aware of her approaching exit, and when the awful messenger ap- 
proached, she resigced her soul into the hands who gave, with full confidence of a 
blessed immortality. Her spirit has fled to the realms of immortal bliss, to join in 
singing Hosannas to God and the Lamb forever." 

Mr. and Mrs. Scott's only child was James Scott, who, when a 
young man, ran away. His father did not hear from him until the 
war. He had enlisted in the Confederate service, was captured on 
a blockade runner, and confined in Fort Warren, Boston. After 
his release he visited his father and relations in Adams and York 
counties, and after the battle of Gettysburg again went South, and 
was never afterwards heard from. 




(Gettysburg, Pa.) 

Born May 20, 1763, baptized June 19, 1763. Married July 30, 
1801, by Rev. Robert Cathcart, York. In 1789 they lived at "Co- 
bean's Upper ]\Iill, on Marsh Creek." 

Alexander Cobean was elected, May 2, 181 8, the first President 
of the York and Gettysburg Turnpike. Gen. Jacob Spangler was 
was the' surveyor. Children : 






William Cobean married Mar>' McFarland of Carlisle, Pa., and 
died without issue. Thomas B., Alexander and Samuel died un- 
married. Thomas died March 12, 1829, ^.nd Samuel January i, 
1835, aged 35 years. Mary Ann Cobean was married to Dr. John 
F. Fisher, of York, and died February 18, 1847, aged 35 years. 
The Doctor, while helping to raise the large flag pole in Centre 
Square, York, in 1861, was caught under a falling derrick and 
seriously injured, from the effects of which he died the following 
year, January 21, 1862, aged 53-8-25. Mary x\nn Fisher's chil- 
dren were : 

/. MARIA, wife of Dr. LUTHER M. LOCHMAN, York, 
married March 31, 1853. Child : 
I, Harry D. Lochman. 
2. Jx\NE, wife of JAMES KELL, Attorney-at-law, York. 
Children : 
I. John F. Kell. 2. James A. Kell. 

3. William P. Kell. All three Attorneys-at-law. 

4. Helen M. Kell. 5. Mary C. Kell. 
6. Alfred M. Kell. 7. Jane F. Kell. 
8. Eliza K. Kell. 

J. WILLIAM FISHER, died in Philadelphia, unmarried. 




Marsh Creek, Adams county, Pa. She was born January 31, 
1768, married January 31, 1788, and died July 27, 1831. Mr. Mc- 
Clellan was born June 21, 1763. In 1792 he was a candidate for 
Sheriff of York county and announces his candidacy in the Penn- 
sylvania Herald and York General Advertiser, as follows : 

"To THK Freemen Electors of the County of York. 

Gentlemen: — Although two years have elapsed since I had the honor of solicit- 
ing your votes and interest for the Sheriff's Office, yet your former spirited and 
generous exertions in my behalf, have made an impression on my mind, that again 
demand my warmest acknowledgments, and embolden me once more to come for- 
ward, and solicit your suffrages at the ensuing election; a similar exertion will, I 
trust, procure the Sheriff's Office; Should I obtain it, no one will pay more atten- 
tion to the .duties of such an important trust, or discharge the same with more 
lenity and fidelity ; relying on your generosity, 

I am, Gentlemen, Your most obedient, 

Most devoted Humble Servant, 

March 13, 1792. WILIvIAM McCLELLAN. 

At the ensuing election in October, 1791, Godfrey Lenhart re- 
ceived 2,399 votes and William McClallan 2,345. 

Mr. McClellan was, at the next Sheriff's election, elected Sheriff 
of York county and held the office from 1795 to 1798. He was 
elected in 1798 Captain of the York Volunteer Corps of Cavalry. 

From the Pennsylvania Herald and York Advertiver of ijgS: 


" Such gentlemen as already have joined the Corps of Cavalry, now raising in the 
Borough of York and vicinity — as well as those who wish to do so — are informed, 
that an election will positively be held on Saturday the 14th inst., at 2 o'clock p. 
m. in the Court House — for the purpose of electing officers. 

"According to the rules adopted, no member can be permitted to vote, who does 
not appear dressed in uniform. 

"York, July 11, 1798." 

"Those who incline to enrol themselves in the York Corps of Cavalry, may ap- 
ply to Captain William McClellan ; those who prefer to join the Infantry Company 
now raising, to Captain John Edie — Captain Gossler's being filled. Applications 
may also be made to the individuals in each Corps." 

"Agreeably to the public notice given, an election was held on Saturday last, at 
the Court House, in this Borough, for officers in the Volunteer Corps of Cavalry, 
when the following persons were duly elected : 

William McClellan, Captain. Jacob Fisher, Jun'r, ist Lieut. 

David Harris, 2nd Lieut. David Cassat, Cornet. 


"About 40 have alread}' joined, most of whom are completely equipped. Gen- 
tlemen who wish to become members of the Coi-ps, are requested to apply to any of 
the officers. 

•'York, July 18, 1798." 

The Militia of York fifty years ago and upwards was much more 
numerous and picturesque than now, and offered all the pomp and 
pageantry on public occasions. The gorgeous Staff appeared in all 
the glory of their wondrous habiliments.' 

Captain McClellan and his brother-in-law, Samuel Spangler, 
owned and operated the Stage Coach Line from York to Lancas- 
ter and to Baltimore." John McClellan, uncle of William, was a 
Captain in Col. Edward Hand's Regiment of the Pennsylvania Line 
in the Revolution.^ Captain McClellan's father, William McClel- 
lan, Sr., was foreman of the Grand Jury of the Second Court of 
Quarter Sessions held in \''ork county. The unmerciful Whipping 
Post was then used as a w^eapon of punishment on both sexes, and 
the selling of intoxicating drinks to the Indians was specially 
forbidden by the Court. ^ Alary Magdalena McClellan's children 

1. ELIZABETH McCLELLAN, born January i, 1789, died Au- 
gust 7, 1789. 

2. WILLIAM McCLELLAN, Gettysburg, Pa. Born June 22, 
1789, baptized November 23, 1793, married Mary Hersh, June 19, 
1 82 1, died May 4, 1845. Children: 

/. WILLIAM B. McCLELLAN, Gettysburg. Attorney-at 
Law and District Attorney, born March 9, 1822, died 
May 6, 1863. Children: 
I. Wm. McClellan. 2. Mary Dorothea McClellan. 



I. Wm. M. Brinkerhoff. 2. Frank C. Brinkerhoflf. 

3. Ida M. Brinkerhoff. 

3. MARY DRITT McCLELLAN, unmarried. 

/. LOUISA, wife of Rev. LEWIS HIPPEE, born November 
13, 1829. Children: 

I. Frank M. Hippee. 2. Annie Hippee. 

3. Mary Hippee. 4. Louis Hippee. 

'App. Note 41. ^App. Note 42. 

^App. Note 34. (10 Pa. Ar., N. S. 322, 327.) *App. Note 43. 




3. MARIA McCLELLAN, born Oct. 27, 1791, died Aug. 11, 1792. 

4. ELEANOR, wife of JAMES GILLELAND, born December 21, 
1792, baptized November 23, 1793, by Rev. Robert Cathcart, York, 
died June 17, 1866. He was a son of William Gilleland, Sr., who 
was Associate Judge of the Courts of York county in 1784, Captain 
of the 3rd Company, 4th Battalion, York County Militia, 1776-8, 
State Senator 1809 and 181 7, and Major General, in 181 1, of the 
5th Division Pennsylvania Militia. Their children were: 

Both dead. 

5. BALTZER SPANGLER McCLELLAN, born Oct. 16, 1794, 

baptized May 3, 1795, died March 19, 181 5. 

6. CHARLOTTE, wife of THOMAS R. SHOWER, born April 7, 

1797, baptized November 12, 1797, died June 15, 1828. Children: 
/. SARAH S., wife of Col. THOMAS KEMPIS BULL, born 
January 19, 181 9. Children: 

I. Margaret C. Bull. 2. Emma Louise Bull. 

3. Charlotte M. Bull. 4. Eliza J. Bull. 

5. Sarah S. Bull. 6. Levi Bull. 

7. Edward S. Bull. All died without issue. 

7. NANCY, wife of GEORGE HERSH, born August 16, 1798, 
baptized May 4, 1799, by Rev. Robert Cathcart, York, died Dec. 
17, 1882. Mr. Hersh was educated at the York County Academy; 
merchant, of Gettysburg, Pa., and in 1826 moved to New Oxford, 
Pa., where he died. Children: 

7. JOHN HERSH, born June 16, 1817, died May 10, 1879. 
Children : 

1. George Himes Hersh, dead. 

2. McClellan Hersh, Philadelphia. 

3. Francis E. Hersh, dead. 

4. John N. Hersh, New Oxford, Pa. 

2. MARY MAGDALENA, wife of JOHN C. ELLIS, Wash- 
ington, D. C, born January 11, 1814, died April 25, 1891. 
Children : 

1. Louisa H. E.,wife of Robert H. Edwards. 

2. Cornelia H., wife of J. T. Crossfield. 

3. Thomas C. Ellis, dead. 4. George E. Ellis, dead. 


5. Georgia Anna, wife of Samuel Erskine. 

6. Eliza M. Ellis. 7. Pauline H. Ellis. 

All of Washington, D. C. 
J. WM. McCLELLAN HERSH, born February 21, 1820, 
President of the Diamond National Bank, Pittsburg, Pa., 
and connected with Penna. R. R. at Pittsburg. Children : 

1. George Hersh. 

2. Eliza T., wife of Wharton IMcKnight, Pittsburg, Pa. 
4. GEORGE EDWARD HERSH, York. Born January 21, 

1822, died September 3, 1895. In 1855 he was appoint- 
ed an Aid on the Staff of Governor Pollock with the 
rank of Lieutenant Colonel. He was President of the 
York National Bank, Farmer's Fire Insurance Company, 
York Gas Company, York and Gettysburg Turnpike 
Company, and Treasurer of the York and Liverpool, and 
York and ISIaryland Line Turnpike Companies. Mr. 
Hersh married April 25, 1855, Charlotte Ellen Hamilton 
Cox, who is the daughter of Joshua Cox, deceased, who 
married in 1819 Charlotte, eldest daughter of John Bar- 
nitz, of York. Joshua Cox was a lineal descendant of 
Sir Richard Cox, Bishop of Ely, who died in 1581, and 
of Gustavus Hamilton, a member of the Privy Council 
of James II. and distinguished himself at the battle of 
Boyne. Gustavus Hamilton was descended from Sir 
Frederick, youngest son of Claude I., Lord Paisley, an- 
cestor of the Duke of Abercorn. ]\Ir. and ]\Irs. Hersh's 
children are: 

1. Henrietta Charlotte, wife of Smyser Williams, Attor- 

ney-at-Law, and Vice-President of the York Trust, 
Real Estate and Deposit Company. Children : 

1. Henry Cuthbert W^illiams. 

2. Eleanor Hamilton Williams. 

2. Nancy McClellan, deceased wife of W. G. Maigne, 

York, secretary of the Pennsylvania Agricultural 

3. Catherine Arabella, wife of Dr. Henry B. King, York. 

Son : Edward Hersh King. 

4. George Edward Hersh, Jr., Attorney-at-Law, York. 



GEORGE HERSH. 'p. 169. 




5. Rev. CHARLES H. HERSH, Baltimore, Md., born Jan. 

17, 1824, <^^^d Nov. 22, 1859. Children: 

1. Mary M. Hersh. 

2. Charles H. Hersh, Omaha, Nebraska. 

3. Rosina Endress Hersh, Meadville, Pa. 

6. SAMUEL SPANGLER HERSH, York, born April 24, 

1826, died May 2, 1876. Child : 
I. Grier Hersh, York. 

7. FRANKLIN HERSH, Baltimore, Md., born September 

19, 1828. Children : 

I. Catherine M. Hersh. 2. George G. Hersh. 

3. Maggie Hersh. 4. Wm. M. Hersh, Baltimore, Md. 


PINGER, New Oxford, Pa., born Mar. 20, 1831. Children: 

1. Nancy, wife of Charles K. Yeager. 

2. George Hersh Clippinger. 

9. JAMES HERSH, Gettysburg, Pa., born January 24, 1833, 

Quartermaster 87tli Regt. Pa. Inf'y, and was Sheriff of 
Adams county. Pa. Children: 

1. William Hersh, Attorney-at-Law, Gettysburg, Pa. 

2. Franklin Hersh, Chemist, Carnegie Steel Works, 

Homestead, Pa. 
10. NELSON HERSH, born February 10, 1825, dead. Child: 

I. George M. Hersh, New York City. 
//. ALLEN HERSH, Gettysburg, Pa., born Feb. 10, 1837. 


13. PAUL HERSH, born Dec. 30, 1841, New Oxford, Pa. 

8. ANNA ELIZA McCLELLAN, born December 20, 1799, died 
May 27, 1812. 

9. MARIA DRITT McCLELLAN, born November 2, 1802, died 
July 19, i860. 

10. LOUISA, wife of Rev. JAMES ROSS RILEY, born January 
7, 1804, Myerstown, Pa. Children: 

/. JAMES DRITT RILEY, born March 23, 1835. 
2. Rev. WILLIAM McCLELLAN RILEY, born August 8, 
1837, dead. 

11. GEORGE W. McCLELLAN, born March I, 1806, died July 
II, 1873. 


12. Col. JOHN 11. McCLELLAN, born March 5, 1808, died un- 
married at Gettysburg, Pa. 


(Son of Baltzer, Jr.) 

Was born July 3, 1770, and married February 28, 1805, Mar- 
garet, daughter of Conrad lyederman, a member of Captain Rudolf 
Spengler's Company in the Revolutionary War. Mr. Lederman 
was rated the wealthiest man in York in the beginning of the 
present century. Mrs. Spangler died January 3, 1859, aged 73- 
5-21. She was quite wealthy and in her last will made the fol- 
lowing bequests : 

"To the English branch of the German Reformed Church of the borough of 
York a I500 scholarship in the Franklin and Marshall College, and 200 shares of 
York Bank Stock, par value ^5000.00 — to erect a new Church. To the Home Mis- 
sionary Society, 25 Shares York Bank Stock, and to the Franklin and Marshall 
College, 25 Shares York Bank Stock." The balance of the estate she bequeathed 
to her grandson and other relatives. 

Dr. Spangler was a very skillful physician with an extensive 
practice. In 1807 he was Surgeon of the 113 Regt. Pa. IMilitia, 
and was Burgess of York in 181 2. He was a director of the York 
Bank in 182 1 and years afterwards. He died July 22, 1831. 
Medical ethics in his day had not become so refined as to prohibit 
physicians' advertisements in the public prints. 
From the Pennsylvania Herald and York Advertiser: 

"Respectfully informs the inhabitants of the Borough and County of York, that 
he has taken up his residence in the house lately occupied by Dr. James Hall; 
where he offers his services in the different branches of his profession." 
York, February 13, 1797. 

Here is another of a Man-Midwife : 

"Phisician, Surgeon and Man-Midwife. 

Informs the Public that he has removed his Shop to the House formerly occu- 
pied by Mr. Lewis Michael in the Centre Square of this Borough, (now Weiser's 
store) where he has a large assortment of 

Genuine Drugs and Medicines, 
The whole of which articles he means to dispose of at very low terms." 
York, January 17, 1797.^ 

lApp. Note 57. 


^^^? / 



Dr. Spangler wrote the "Carrier's Address" for the "York Re- 
corder" of January i, 1819. It is a very creditable production. 
The last verse is : 

"Then lauded be your names 

I'll Spangle them with praise, 
The Carrier has no other claims 
He craves no other bays." 

Dr. Spangler resided on the west side of North Beaver street, 
North of Clark alley. His son Ferdinand occupied the adjoining 
house on the north, in which he kept a museum of curiosities. 
The latter was somewhat eccentric, but liberal minded. Dr. 
Spangler's only child was the said 

1. FERDINAND L. SPANGLER, born January i, 1806, died 
October 17, 1836. He married, September 3, 1829, at Lancaster, 
Delia Amand Wright, daughter of Ebenezer Wright, Esq. In 
1828 he had a "Museum" on North Beaver street.' He left to 
survive him a son : 

/. JOHN F. SPANGLER, Philadelphia, formerly a member 
of the Pennsylvania Legislature from York county. 


(Son of Baltzer, Jr.) 

Born August 2, 1773, baptized December 26, 1773 ; married, April 
15, 1802, Anna Maria, daughter of Peter Dinkle, son of Maria Ur- 
sula (" Shiny Cap") Dinkel." Peter Dinkel kept a hardware store 
where the National House now stands. Anna Maria died July 19, 
1852, aged 68 years, 8 months and 19 days. 

Samuel Spangler was a member of the military company that 
marched from York to aid in suppressing the Whiskey Insurrec- 
tion in the western part of the State during the administration of 
George Washington. 

He succeeded his mother as innkeeper at No. 5 West IMarket 
street, known as the Black Horse Inn. In 1822 he built the house 
No. 4 West Market street, now owned by Lafean Brothers, where 
he kept a tavern, the " York House." 

He afterwards moved on his farm, near Shrewsbury, where he 

^App. Note 44. 
SAnte. p. 85. 


conducted a tannery. He died in Springfield township June 28, 
1839, ^S^^ 65-10-6. He and his brother-in-law, William McClel- 
lan aforesaid, conducted a stage line from York to Lancaster and 
York to Baltimore. 
From "T/ie Pennsylvania Herald and York Advertiser^'' of j^gj : 

"A Stage will start from the house of William Ferree ia Lancaster, on every Mon- 
day at 4 o'clock in the morning, arrive in York at the House of Baltzer Spengler 
at 12 o'clock, set out at i o'clock and arrive at Baltimore on Tuesday e/ening; the 
same Stage w ill start from the house of Abraham Kauflfman on Gay Street Balti- 
more on Monday at 10 o'clock, and arrive at York on Thursday evening, so that 
passengers may proceed to Lancaster or Philadelphia the next day without being 
detained. Passengers will find it to their interest to encourage this Line as it will 
be run through from Lancaster to Baltimore in two days, the route being ten miles 
nearer than an)' at present run. 

Fare of Passengers from Lancaster to York £0, i is. , od. 

Fare of Passengers from York to Baltimore £\, 6s., 3d. 

Way passengers 5J2 per mile. 

York, August 15, 1797.' SAMUEL SPANGLER." 

The fare by stage from York to Baltimore in 1779, was ^i, 6s., 3d. 

York's First Railroad. 

The Stage was succeeded by the primitive Locomotive, Coaches 
and Canal Packets." 

In 1836 Samuel Spangler advertised for sale his Inn (two doors 
West of Centre Square) "through which the York and Baltimore 
railroad now making is expected to pass." 

From this it appears that the railroad projectors originally in- 
tended to run this railroad through Mr. Spangler's property and 
down North George street through the very centre of York. For- 
tunately their intention was changed. 

The railroad from Baltimore to York was completed in 1838. 

The railroad from York to Wrightsville was finished in 1840. 

There was then a continuous line from Baltimore to Philadel- 
phia by way of York and Columbia, joining the Philadelphia and 
Columbia at the latter town. At Columbia the road communi- 
cated with the Canal, giving a complete route of traffic from Bal- 
timore to Pittsburg. Samuel Spangler's children were : 
1. SAMUEL D. SPANGLER, died April 10, 1859, aged 45 years. 

lApp. Note 42. 
"App. Note 45. 


2. WASHINGTON SPANGLER, born June 13, 1808, died No- 
vember 17, 1824. 

3. ELIZABETH, wife of JACOB HOKE, born February 10, 1805, 
baptized March 3, 1805, married February 6, 1821, died Septem- 
ber 20, 1 82 1. 

^ 4. HAMILTON SPANGLER, born April 12, 1810, died August 
13, 1880. None of the above left issue. 


Born January 3, 1776, baptized February 18, 1776, died unmar- 
ried in 181 3 in Philadelphia. 


(Son of Baltzer, Jr.) 
Merchant of Philadelphia, born August 5, 1778, baptized Feb- 
ruary 14, 1779, died April 23, 1823, without leaving issue. 

From the York Recorder, April 2g, /S^j: 

"Died, iu this borough on the 23rd inst., in the 45th year of his age, Mr. George 
Spangler, late of Philadelphia, wine merchant, and youngest son of Baltzer Spang- 
ler, deceased. 

"The subject of this notice resided in Philadelphia during a period of 25 years, 
where he was extensively concerned in the mercantile profession, and such was his 
general deportment that by his assiduity and industry, the sterling integrity of bis 
principles, bis honesty and upright conduct, he secured for himself the warmest at- 
tachment, esteem and friendship of the most respectable merchants and distin- 
guished citizens of that place. After so long a period of absence, and amidst so 
many vicissitudes of fortune, the broils and turmoils of an active life, Mr. Spangler 
resolved to visit the home of his forefathers, the place of his nativity, of his. youth- 
ful days, and there among his friends and relatives, spend the remainder of his 
days in the still shade of retirement, undisturbed by the cares and frowns of capri- 
cious fortune. 

"Scarcely had he seated himself in the aflfections of his friends and companions, 
when the flowery path of life was strewed with thorns of bitter anguish, of sorrow 
and illness — and with a constitution already enfeebled with the cares and troubles 
of the world, suffered a paralytic stroke, which terminated his existence in about 15 
weeks. Siich was the pious resignation and composure of the deceased during so 
long a confinement, that not a complaint or murumr escaped him; and in the last 
stages of expiring life, he yielded up his soul in fervent prayer and in full persua- 
sion and belief of the blessed promises of his Redeemer, that it might be taken to 
the blissful mansions of eternal rest. 

" Oft, departed friend, in the silent hour of meditation' will the green sod that 
decks thy grave be moistened with the tear of friendship." 


VIII. MARIA (Polly), wife of JACOB DRITT, 

(Daughter of Baltzer Spengler, Jr.) 

Born April 17, 1783, baptized August 17, 1783, as Anna Maria; 
married March 16, 1813, died June 28, 1858, no issue. 

Mrs. Dritt was a great beauty, and tradition asserts that she 
danced with General Lafayette at the ball given in his honor in 
York in 1825. The General received the ladies of York, but there 
is no certainty about the ball. 

Jacob Dritt was born April 18, 1793, and died in 1844, aged 51 
years and 17 days. He built, and lived in, the house No. 25 West 
Market street, York. He was a very successful merchant and in 
1820 had his store at the northwest corner of Court House Square 
and George street. 

His father was Colonel Jacob Dritt, who was captured at Fort 
Washington, on the Hudson, in 1773.^ 

lAnte. p. 114. 

GEORGE SPANGLER, 1798. (P. 175.) 

1800 MARIA DRITT. 1850. (P. 176. 




(Son of Baltzer, Sr.) 
A Romantic Episode. 

He married Mary Elizabeth, daughter of Nathaniel Leightner, 
son of Adam and Maudeline Leightner who arrived in New- 
York between 1709 and 1728. Daniel Spengler died about 
1777, and his widow married Dr. Charles Godfrey Ballan Winter- 
smith, December 10, 1779, with whom she had five children: 
Charles M., Mary M., Hugh G. W., Horatio G. and Charles F. 

George, a son of the said Adam and Maudeline Leightner, who 
came with them to America, soon after returned to Germany, and 
married, and had one child, Caroline Matilda Leightner, who mar- 
ried Valentine Wintersmith in Germany. They had one child, 
Charles Godfrey Ballan Wintersmith aforesaid, who came to Amer- 
ica as Surgeon of a Hessian Regiment assigned to the command of 
General Burgoyne, and was taken prisoner at the battle of Sara- 
toga in 1777. He was brought under guard with the Hessian 
rank and file to York, where he discovered his American relatives.^ 
He afterwards joined the American army under General Horatio 
Gates as Lieutenant and Surgeon and married, December 10, 1779, 
the said Mary Elizabeth Spangler, his first cousin, and widow of 
Daniel Spangler, deceased, a most remarkable and romantic coinci- 
dence, in which truth was indeed stranger than fiction. 

An Erroneous Record. 

Daniel Spengler was a whitesmith, and tradition has it that he 
made his own gun, and with it entered the Revolutionary Army. 
He was a member of his brother Capt. Rudolph Spengler's com- 
pany, and was with him in active service. 

George Spengler, his uncle, died in Philadelphia, in 1744, and 
in his will bequeathed and devised his personal and real estate to 
his wife for life with remainder to his brothers Henry and Baltzer. 

Rudolf, a brother of Daniel, in 1787, secured powers of Attorney 

lApp. Note 46. 


from nearly all the heirs of Henry and Baltzer, both then deceased, 
empowering him to sell and convey their vested undivided interests 
in valuable real estate on Market street, Philadelphia, devised to 
their ancestors as aforesaid. In one of these letters of attorney, 
recorded in the Recorder's office in Philadelphia, in deed book D, 
7, page 137, the recital is made that Daniel Spengler, a son of 
Baltzer, Sr., died in his minority and without issue. This recital 
is entirely erroneous ; for Daniel did not only not die in his minority, 
but left to survive him a widow and five children. Vide deed of 
Thomas Spangler, son of Daniel, to John Spengler, dated July 27, 
1795, recorded in Recorder's office of York county, in deed book 
K, K., 529; also Orphans' Court record books D,, page 152, and 
E., pages 327-8; also will of Michael Spengler, of York, Daniel's 
brother, probated in 1793, and recorded in Will book H., 483. 

Daniel was devised by his father the Northwest corner of High 
street (now Market) and Centre Square, then called Court House 
Square. Thomas, his son, having accepted it at the valuation 
after his father's death, conveyed it to John Grier; the latter's ad- 
ministrators sold to Wm. Nes, whose administrators sold it to 
Charles Nes, and his administrators conveyed to Wm. H. and 
John C. Jordan. 

Daniel Spengler's Children were: 

1. Thomas Spangler. 

2. Helena, wife of John Rein. 

3. Hannah, wife of Michael Keller. 

4. Sarah Spangler. 

5. Joseph Spangler. 


Was baptized August 9, 1774. He married Anna Maria Funk, 
born November 15, 1778, baptized December 6, 1778, and died 
May I, 1859, ^ed 80-5-19. Her remains repose in Prospect Hill 
cemetery, York. Their children were: 

1. DANIEL SPANGLER, born August 3, 1798, baptized Dec. 2, 
1798. He was a member of Capt. George Freysinger's "Hanover 


Regular Guards," and participated in the parade given in York in 
honor of Gen. Lafayette, February 2, 1825. ^^^ wife was named 
Elizabeth. He was a chairmaker in Hanover, Pa., and left to sur- 
vive him : 

7. AUGUSTUS D. SPANGLER, born March 28, 1835, mar- 
ried Charlotte Erisman in 1864, and died in Hanover, 
Pa., November 20, 1894. Children: 
I. Roy Spangler. 2. Charles E. Spangler. 

3. George A. Spangler. 4. Bertha Spangler. 

5. Emma N. Spangler. All of Hanover, Pa. 
2. DANIEL SPANGLER, dead. Children : 

I. Harry Spangler, dead. 2. Alice Spangler, Hanover. 
3. Edward Spangler, dead. 

2. JACOB SPANGLER, born August 25, 1800, baptized December 
27, 1800, died unmarried August 12, 1832. 

3. THOMAS SPANGLER, Jr., died at Yocumtown, York county. 
Pa. Children : 

/. JACOB SPANGLER. Children: 

I. John Spangler. 2. Samuel Spangler. 

3. Alfred Spangler. 4. Edward Spangler. 

5. Henry Spangler. 6. Charles Spangler. 

7. Francis Spangler. 8. Josephine Spangler. 
9. Dora Spangler. 


I. John Spangler. 2. Jacob Spangler. 

3. William Spangler. 4. Jane Spangler. 

5. Adaline Spangler. 6. Edward Spangler. 



4. JOHN SPANGLER, born January 3, 1805, baptized April 15, 
1805, ^i^^ unmarried. 

5. CHARLES (Carl) SPANGLER, was born October II, 1802, 
baptized April 15, 1805, married Ann Rebecca Artz. He moved 
to Hagerstown, Maryland, in 1821, and died in that city January 
19, 1890. At the time of his decease he was the oldest merchant 
in his adopted city, and was engaged in successful business in the 


same storeroom in his spacious house on North Potomac street for 
a period of 64 years. Children : 

/. CHARLES A. SPANGLER, Merchant, Hagerstown. 

2. CLAGGETT D. SPANGLER, Artist Painter, " 


'4. LAURA M., wife of W. H. DAKIN, New York City. Son: 
I. Charles Spangler Dakin, Attorney-at-Law, Carlisle, Pa. 

5. EMMA R., wife of CHARLES E. WHITE, Wash., D. C. 

6. ADELAIDE V., wife of THOMAS B. GRIM, Hagerstown. 

7. MARY, wife of JOHN D. SWARTZ, " 

iL HELENA, wife of JOHN RELN, 

(Daughter of Daniel Spengler.) 
Born December i, 1767. 


(Daughter of Daniel Spengler.) 
Born 1769. 

IV. SARAH SPANGLER, born 1777. 

(Daughter of Daniel Spengler.) 


(Son of Daniel.) 

Baptized March 30, 1775. 

The whereabouts of the descendants of the last named four 
children of Daniel Spengler, who moved South or West, could not 
be ascertained. The last two probably died during their minority. 


(Son of Baltzer, Sr.) 
Died in York township in 1793, without issue, and bequeathed 
and devised all his estate to his sisters and brothers and the chil- 
dren of his brother Daniel. 


(Son of Baltzer, Sr.) 

He in his latter years spelt his surname "Spangler" to conform 
with the usage of the day. His wife used the umlaiit (••) above 
the a in Spangler, to give it the sound of e, and the terminitive 
"in" to designate the feminine, Rudolf was born in 1738, and 
died August 5, 181 1, aged '^t^ years. He married Dorothea Diukel 
January i, 1767, who died June 12, 1835, aged 87 years. Dorothea 
was the daughter of Maria Ursula Dinkel, of noble descent, and 
who was known as "Shiny-Cap Dinkel."^ 

He was an unerring shot, and on the morning of his wedding 
day he repaired with his gun and deer hounds to Baumgardner's 
woods, a mile southeast of York, where he shot a deer for his nup- 
tial dinner — a deer for a dear. 

Rudolf Spengler was a silversmith and a clockmaker. In 1773 
he was assessed as a merchant. In answer to advertisements, the 
writer ascertained the whereabouts of three "Grandfather's" clocks 
fabricated by him, on the dials of which "Rudy Spengler, York 
Town " is inscribed. They are brass-mounted, highly finished, 
and still give perfect time. The owners are Mrs. Rosa Rouse, 
South George street extended, York ; Mrs. Sarah J. Ringer, Lew- 
isberry. Pa., and Smith B. McMillan, Signal, Columbiana Co., O. 

In 1805 he had patented to him lands in York township (now 
Springgarden). He owned lot No. 118 West Market street, now 
owned by Dr. Jacob Hay and sisters, devised to him by his father, 
and on which he resided in a two-story brick house ; and in 1809, lots 
9, II, 13 and 15 on East Market and South Queen streets ; the tri- 
angle on King's Mill Road, on plan made by William Alexander ; 

lAnte. p. 85. 


lots 451-2-3-4 on King street, west of the Codorus ; also lot on 
south side of High (Market) street west of the Codorus creek, ad- 
joining the Codorus creek on the east, and lot No. 325 of George 
Ernest Schlosser on the west. 

He was a member of Capt. George Eichelberger's Company in 
1775,^ and shortly after elected Captain of the Sixth Company of 
York County Militia, which constituted a part of the five battalions 
that marched to "Eastern New Jersey" in 1776, to form the 
" Flying Camp." ' 

Captain Rudolf Spengler's Company in the Revolution- 
ary War. 

The writer has the honor of discovering, and publishing for the 
first time, a list of the rank and file of Captain Rudolf Spengler's 
Company.^ It is in the hand-writing of Geo. Lewis Leffler, Clerk 
of the Company. 

In Mr. Leffler's unpublished Diary^ is the following receipt: 

"Reed. August 29 1776 of George Lewis Leffler, Quarter Master, five pounds and 
four pence Pennsylvania Currency in full for 133 rations due my Company this day 
for rations retained /s, os., 4d. RUDOLF SPENGLER, 


Rudolf Spengler was but one of the many thousands of patriots 
from York county who rallied around the Revolutionary standard. 
In proportion to population, more soldiers from the German county 
of York were engaged in that momentous struggle for independ- 
ence than from any other section of the Colonies. The long lost 
York county Revolutionary muster-rolls,^ show that almost every 
Spengler, of fighting age, enlisted in the service of his country. 

The first company south of the Hudson to cross that river for 
the relief of Boston from the British in 1775, was from York." 
Among the prominent officers in the Revolutionary War from 
York county, more or less distinguished, were Generals Henry 
Miller,^ James Ewing, Wm. Reed; Colonels, Thomas Hartley,*^ 
James Smith, ^ Michael Swoope,'" David Jamison, Richard McAlis- 
ter, Robert McPherson, James Thompson, William Rankin, John 
Andrews, Joseph Jeffries, Wm. Ross, David Kennedy and Henry 
Slagle; Lieutenant Colonels, David Grier, John Hay, Philip Al- 

'Ante. p. 157. ^App. Note 14. ^App. Note 34. ''App. Note 15. ^App. Note 34. 

^App. Note 47. 'App. Note 35. ^App. Note 33. ^^pp. Note 32. WAnte. p. 114. 

t- on 

v,'j'-i'ji ir i;'.<:'<.'K, ad- 
No. '^'?v of Georo;c 

o oergei's Company ii. 

. ,..e Sixth Company r 
cd a part of the five battalior 
sey" in 17.76, to form tl 

: 'ENGLr "■." • THE XiCVOLUTION ■ 

ha- the ho!io^ "^rir and publishing for tb 

in Rudolf Spengle: 
Tto. Lewis Leffler, Cler 

X, receip' 

}narter Master, five 


acre soldiers from the German conn 
truggle for indepen- 
,.U: T^'-longlo: 
.ost eve^ 
.^;ervice of his counti 
^o cross that riv . 
■775, V as from 'S ■ 
Revolii 7ar fro^ 

i, were Grcueials P 
.„,,; . ^-'^ -..-^as Har 
h?^rd M: 

.kin, J oh 
./ and V 





bright, Joseph Donaldson; Majors, John Clark, ^ Joseph Spangler, 
and David Bush, killed at Brandy wine ; Captains and Lieutenants 
by the score and the file by battalions. 

The York Moravian Diaries. 

The Diaries (in German) of the York Moravian pastors before, 
during and after the Revolution are of profound interest. They 
shed a great deal of light on the local history, the patriotism of 
the York county soldiers, and the proceedings of the Continental 
Congress while at York. The larger portion Col. John W. Jordan, 
Librarian of the Philadelphia Historical Society, translated in 1893, 
and the remainder was translated at the instance of the writer.^ 

The diary for 1777 is missing, and abbreviated duplicates of 
that and a few other years, were obtained by the writer with con- 
siderable difficulty from the Moravian Archives at Bethlehem, Pa. 

Unpublished extracts from the newly discovered Revolutionary 
correspondence relating to local incidents of the time of the passage 
of soldiers through Yorktown, &c., may also prove interesting to 
the reader and instructive to the student of Revolutionary history.^ 

As the patriotism of the York county Germans has, by those ill- 
informed, been sneeringly referred to, it may not be inappropriate 
here to attend to their further vindication.^ 

It was the Hon. John Adams, of Massachusetts, who made this 
unjust and unmerited attack while a member of the Continental 
Congress^ during its session here in the old Court House from Sep- 
tember 30, 1777, to June 27, 1778. 

John Adams, as President, revisited York in 1800, and was then 
enthusiastic in his praise of the thrift, intelligence and prosperity 
of the York county Germans.*' The next distinguished celebrity 
who passed through York was Major General Andrew Jackson." 

Rudolf Spengler served also as County Treasurer, 1801 to 1805, 
was a State Senator and a Burgess of York in 1803, and a member 
of the General Assembly of Pennsylvania in 1810. He died Aug. 
5, 1811, in York, aged jt^ years, and his remains with those of his 
wife, Dorothea, now lie in prospect Hill cemetery. 
From the York Recorder 0/ August 10 (Saturday), iSii: 

" Died, in this Borough, at an advanced age, on Thursday last, Rudolf Spangler, 
Esq. The confidence reposed in the deceased by his fellow citizens in choosing 

lApp. Note 36. °App. Note 48. ^A-p'p. Note 49. *App. Note 50. 

^App. Note 51. ^App. Note 52, "App. Note 53. 


him to serve them in the State Senate and House of Representatives, are sufficient 
testimonials that in private and public life he was the honored and upright man. 
His remains were yesterday deposited in the German Reformed burying ground, 
attended by a long train of mourning relatives and friends." 
The York Gazelle of June i8, i8j^, conlains Ihe following : 

"In memory of Dorothea Spangler, relict of Rudolf Spangler, deceased, who 
died June 12, at the advanced age of 87 years. How few are they that arrive at 
that period of life, blessed with a happy temperament of mind. She led the life of 
a pure and upright Christian. Relatives and friends revere and cherish her memory. ' ' 

Rudolf Spengler's Children : 

1. Gen. Jacob Spangler. 

2. Jesse Spangler. 

3. John Daniel Spangler. 

4. Peter Spangler. 

5. Catherine, wife of George Barnitz. 

6. Elizabeth, wife of William Nes. 

7. Mar>^, wife of Peter Small. 

8. Margaret, wife of Joseph Slagle. 

9. Helen Dorothea, wife of Charles Frederick Fisher. 


Was one of the first pupils of the York County Academy. 
Early in life he turned his attention to surveying, and served 
the county as surveyor for many years. In 1793 he was appointed 
Postmaster of York, under the administration of Gen. Washington. 
About 1796, he was appointed Deputy Surveyor of York county 
under Gov. Miffiin. In 1799 he was Trumpeter in Capt. William 
McClellan's Light Horse Company. He was a member of the 
German Reformed church choir in 1800. He was one of the Com- 
missioners in 1800, and ran the Hues to divide York county and 
form the new county of Adams. Having resigned the Post Office 
in 1 813 he was elected County Commissioner in 181 4. By au- 
thority of the heirs of the Penns, he made an accurate re-survey of 



Springettsbury Manor. He resigned his commission as surveyor 
in 1815, and in 1816 he was elected to Congress by the Federalist 
party, and resigned April 20, 1818. In February, 1818, he was 
appointed by Gov. Findlay, Surveyor General of Pennsylvania, 
which office he held until 1821. In 182 1, and for years after, he 
was a director of the York Bank. In 1829 he was one of the four 
prominent candidates for Governor, and had a formidable following. 
He was appointed Clerk of the Courts of York county, in which 
capacity he served until 1830, when he was appointed Surveyor 
General by Gov. Wolff, which office he retained until 1836. After 
1818 he became a prominent Jackson Democrat. His title was 
obtained as a commander of volunteer and militia regiments and 
battalions, and he was well versed in military tactics. In his day 
he was a prominent man in the affairs of York county. 

He had the honor of being the chief escort of Layfayette, on his 
trip from York to Harrisburg, January 30, 1825. They crossed 
the river at York Haven, took dinner at Middletown, and arrived 
at Harrisburg at 5 p. m., amid great enthusiasm. In 1837-8 he, 
in conjunction with Thomas Hartley, Henry Small and others, 
projectured the culture of mulberry trees — presumably for silk 
culture, — but the project failed. 

DoYLESTowN, Pa., Dec. ist, 1894. 
Mr. E. W. Spangi^ER, 

Dear Sir: — As you are getting up a Spangler Pedigree I thought I would ask if 
yoii ever heard of the story sister remembers Father, Gen. Jacob Spangler, once 
told her. It was, that Gosheriness Eikelens, or a name like that, went to Ger- 
many with powers of attorney to collect a fortune that was said to belong to our 
branch of the family. lie never was heard of afterwards and the family never 
knew whether he collected it and kept it or whether he was shipwrecked. Means 
of communication were more difficult in those days. We have been reading 
"Brave Little Holland, and What She Taught Us," in which it speaks in these 
terms. " On Erkelens, a Dutchman in Philadelphia, papers of Von Berckel, pen- 
sionary of Amsterdam, were found when Henry Laurens, ex-President of the Con- 
tinental Congress, was captured on the ocean by the British frigate "Vestal," 
(page 232.) I thought it would be interesting for you to know that fact if you 
have never heard of it. Sincerely yours, 

Susan L. De-Witt. 

He was born November 28, 1767, baptized as John Jacob, De- 
cember 28, 1767, died in York June 17, 1843. 

Susannah Hay, his first wife, was born in 1779, died in York 
February 24, 1818. She was a daughter of L,ieut. Col. John Hay, 


of the Revolution.' He married Catherine A. Hamilton, his sec- 
ond wife, May 23, 1820, who was born November 13, 1792, and died 
in York June 12, 1873. 

He lived where Gross Brothers' store is now. His children by 
his first wife were : 

1. CATHERINE, wife of HENRY SMYSER, tanner, deceased, 
born May 16, 1796, died May 24, 1881. Children: 

1. CHARLES M. SMYSER, born September 28, 1825, died 

January 28, 1859. Children : 

1. Clara L. Smyser, born Jun. 24, 1849, ^i^d Feb. 15, 1873. 

2. Mar}' C. Smyser, born Feb. 20, 1852, died Oct. 19, 1872. 


deceased, born February 7, 1819, married October 11, 
1837, died July 24, 1848. Children: 

1. Catherine S., wife of William Gilberthorpe, deceased. 

2. ]\Iary M. Oswald, died May 12, 1863. 

3. John B. Oswald, York. 

3. WILLLAM HENRY SMYSER, born January 28, 181 7, 

died December 14, 1832. 

2. CARL SPANGLER, born May 12, 1793, baptized Oct. 20, 1793. 

3. ANNA MARIA, wife of CHARLES WEISER, merchant and 
banker, York, born April 2, 1800, baptized May 2, 1800, married 
March 26, 1822, died January' 5, 1873. Children: 

/. JOHN A. WEISER, died March 2, 1889, aged 64-7-21. 
He was a successful dry-goods merchant, Director of 
the Farmers' National Bank, York, and York County 
National Bank ; President of the York and Gettysburg 
Turnpike Company, Treasurer of the York and Susque- 
hanna Turnpike Company, and York Gas Company. 
Children : 
I. Harry P. Weiser. 2. George U. Weiser. 

3. Bertha, wife of Robert D. Croll. 

4. Sterrett P. Weiser. 

5. Louise, wife of Norman A. Patterson, Oxford, Pa. 

6. Anna Weiser. 

2. ERASTUS H. WEISER, Attorney-at-Law, York, born 
January 28, 1826, married Annie Franklin, sister of Gen. 

'App. Notes 49, 54. 


Wm. B. Franklin, October 12, 1852; graduated from Yale 
College in 1849, ^^^ died July 11, 1872. Children: 
I. William F. Weiser. 2. Charles Weiser. 

J. HORACE SPANGIvER WEISER, Banker, Attorney-at- 
Law, and graduate of Yale College, married to Louisa 
Amy July 14, 1859, born October 22, 1827, died July 19, 
1874, at Decorah, Iowa. Children : 

1. Amy, wife of Edward G. Carlisle, Chicago, 111. 

2. Charles J. Weiser. 3. Anna J. Weiser, Decorah, Iowa. 
/. ADALINE A, wife of JERE CARL, retired Banker, mar- 
ried January 10, 1861. Daughter: i. Belle Carl. 

5. CHARLES S. WEISER, York, retired Banker. Was 

Treasurer of York Water Co., York Hospital, York Co- 
Fire Ins. Co., Lutheran Seminary, Gettysburg, Pa., and 
York County Agricultural Society. 

6. JOSEPHINE, deceased wife of Dr. EDWARD H. PENTZ, 

deceased, married April 14, 1853. Son: 
I. Bransby C. Pentz, Manager of the York Opera House. 
Son : Edward H. Pentz, died at the age of 6 years. 

7. THEODOSIA WEISER, died in 1889. 

<?. AMELIA, wife of M. M. GREEN, died August 25, 1872. 

4. SAMUEL SPANGLER, born March i, 1802, baptized March 
23, 1802, died November 20, 1831. 

Children by the second wife of Gen. Jacob Spangler: 

5. JANE MARTHA, deceased wife of JOHN H. SMALL, Car 
Manufacturer and wholesale Lumber Merchant, York, baptized 
August 3, 1826, married October 6, 1851, died July 28, 1856. Son: 

/. HENRY J. SMALL, Pianist Virtuoso, died in Minneapo- 
lis, Minn. 

6. MARGARET, wife of STOKES L. ROBERTS, of Doylestown, 

Pa., married December 8, 1842. 

7. SUSANS., wife of Dr. WM. R. DeWITT, Doylestown, Pa., 
Surgeon of the U. S. Infantry during the war. Son: 

/. WM. RADCLIFFE DeWITT, Attorney-at-Law, Palatka, 

8. JACOB R. SPANGLER, born January 12, 1824, died March 2, 
1882. He married Frances R., daughter of Commodore Jesse D. 
Elliott, May, 1747. Children: 




4. FANNIE, wife of G. A. SHULTZ, Boston, Mass. 

9. FANNIE SPANGLER, died March 12, 1840. 

10. ROSE A. HELEN SPANGLER, died August 7, 1840. 


(Son of Rudolf.) 

Born July 5, 1775, died September 12, i860. He married Mary 
D. Heckert, who died January 13, 1867, aged 86-9-25. He was 
Postmaster of York, 1812-1814, and Register of Wills of York 
county, 1 830-1 833. He lived and died in the dwelling formerly 
belonging to his father Rudolf, adjoining the Market street bridge, 
on the south side. 

In the great flood of 181 7, Jesse and his family did not have 
time to escape, and during its height they were compelled to seek 
refuge on the top of the house roof, shouting and crying for assist- 
ance. The house escaped the fate of dozens of others^ and they 
were saved. 

The commons above the Market street bridge was the terminus 
of the Codorus Navigation Company's canal, extending from the 
Susquehanna river to York. 

The completion of the canal in 1833, was publicly celebrated, 
and York was in gala attire. Excursions were run to Barnitz's 
Springs and Myers' Grove on the Codorus, below Loucks' mill. 
Round-trip tickets 25 cents. 

The Codorus Canal. 

From the Pennsylvania Republican of July 22, 1834: 

"We renew our list of arrivals through the Canal, the new source of wealth to 
our Borough, and we feel pleasure in announcing the arrival of a load of glass 
direct from Pittsburg, via the Pennsj-lvania Canal, This is one other evidence that 
the wealth and importance of York are yet in embryo, and that the day is not dis- 
tant when we shall command the advantages of the whole internal trade of Penn- 

Excursions on the Canal. 

From the Pennsylvania Republican of June 11, 1834: 

"The four Volunteer Corps of this Borough— the Pennsylvania Volunteers, the 
Washington Artillerists, the Citizens Guards, and the National Grays— will parade 




at 8 o'clock on Saturday morning, and embarking on board the Canal Boat Codorus, 
will proceed through the Codorus Navigation to Myers' Grove, where they will 
fire at a Target lor a Silver Cup." 

Earnings of the Canal. 


$1367 42 


I1398 53 


$2323 75 


1824 65 


1496 59 


no receipt. 


I47I 09 


2602 15 


1096 96 


2280 09 


1513 33 


635 19 


3668 27 


1191 20 


2138 25 


2517 00 

The flood of 1848 destroyed large portions of the canal; hence 
no receipts that year. 

Snbsequent to 1850 railroad competition killed it. 
Jesse Spangler's children were: 

1. CASSANDRA, wife of WILLIAM FISHER, Printer, of Phila- 
delphia, born October 11, 1798, .married May 30, 181 8, died in 
Philadelphia, February 10, 1872. Children : \ 

1. HENRY FISHER, Printer, died in Philadelpliia. 

2. EMANUEE FISHER, . - " - '.. 
J. WM. FISHER, died at West Chester, Pa. ,. ....' 

4. CHARLOTTE, wife of JOSHUA WRIGHT, Philadelphia. 

5. JANE, wife of JAMES ALLISON, 

more, Md. 
7. MARY, wife of FREDERICK ZORGER, deceased, York. 

2. CHARLES SPANGLER, York, born March 21, 1800, married 
Sarah Sluiltz February 14, 1826, and died February 23, 1886, 
aged 85 years, 11 months and 2 days. Children : 

/. MARY D., wife of SAMUEL GOT WALT. Children : 
I. Ida K. Gotwalt. 2. Milton S. Gotwalt. 

3. Samuel H. Gotwalt. 4. Arthur C. Gotwalt. 

2. JANE, wife of CHARLES GINTER, deceased. Child : 

1. Sallie v., wife of Cornelius Garretson, deceased. 

2. Ferdinand S. Ginter, deceased. 

3. CHARLOTTE G., wife of SAMUEL SMALL, married 

April 18, i860. Child : 
I. Sarah E. Small. 


4. ELIZABETH, wife of EDW. S. RUPP, dec'd. Children : 

I. Mary L. Rupp. 2. Margaret R, Riipp. 

3. Sarah S. Riipp. 4. Henrietta B. Rupp. 

5. Frances H. Rupp. 6. Daniel D. Rupp. 

5. PETER SPANGLER, Lewistown, Pa. Children : 

I. Charles H. Spangler. 2. Thomas V. Spangler. 
3. Sarah S. Spangler. 4. Walter B. Spangler. 

3. CHARLOTTE S., wife of GABRIEL BARE, Waynesboro, Pa., 
born October 15, 1802, married March 31, 1825, died November 
5, 1887. Children : 




4. LOUISA, wife of PETER SHULTZ, York, born May 10, 1806, 
married April 24, 1828, and died in York May 16, 1885. Peter 
Shultz died July 15, 1862, aged 61-3-9. Children : 


2. DAVID P. SHULTZ, Deputy Collector of Int. Revenue. 

3. ABBIE, wife of JOHN M. DEITCH. 


5. SALLIE, wife of Dr. A. A. WASSON. 

6. EMMA SHULTZ. 7. MARY, wife of J. H. BOTT. 


9. HENRY H. SHULTZ, dead. 

5. HELENA, wife of MICHAEL HAY, born March 28, 1812, 
married March 10, 1831, died in York July 12, 1887. Michael 
Hay was Postmaster of York. He died January 10, 185 1, aged 42 
years, 11 months and 10 days. Children : 

7. JOHN HAY, York. 2. GEORGE HAY, Philadelphia. 
3. EMMA, wife of FREDERICK SPECK, Waynesboro, Pa. 

Mr. John Hay has in his possession the Revolutionary pamphlet 
of his great-grandfather, John Hay, who was First Lieutenant in 
Capt. Irwin's company in 1775, and who appears as Lieutenant in 
the original muster roll of Captain William Bailey's Company of 
York County IMilitia, dated Januaiy 14, 1776.' This document is 
one of the only three now known to be extant, and is of local his- 
toric value.- 

lApp. Note 34. 
-'App. Note 54. 


6. ANNA MARIA, wife of JESSE DIEHL, married June i6, 1832; 
afterwards wife of George Raber; born March 28, 181 2, died May 
30, 1892, in York. Children: 

/. HENRY S. DIEHL, Washington, D. C. 


ville, Pa. 

3. AMANDA, wife of WALTER PHILLIPS, York. 

4. JESSE DIEHL, Renovo, Pa. 

5. MARY, wife of HENRY BOGUE, Harrison, Mich. 


7. JOSIAH SPANGLER, born 1820. Resides in York. 

8. RUDOLPH SPANGLER, born March 30, 1815, married Sarah 
Michaels May i, 1842. Resides on West Market street, York. 
Children : 


9. JACOB SPANGLER, born October 3, 1817. Died in infancy. 


(Son of Rudolf). 

He was born October 9, 17S1, baptized October 20, 1781, mar- 
ried Elizabeth King, of York, March 12, 181 5. Moved to Win- 
chester, Va. In 1829 ^^ located in Sheakleyville and Georgetown, 
Mercer county, Pa., where he died July 19, 1851, aged 70 years. 
Elizabeth, his wife, was born March 5, 1796, died March 18, 1863, 
at Conneautville, Pa. Children : 

1. CATHERINE (Ana Katrina) SPANGLER, born February 22, 
181 6, died in infancy. 

2. ANNA MARY, wife of JOSEPH CARRINGER, born January 
10, 1818, dead. Children: 

/. ANTHONY S. CARRINGER, Denver, Col. 

2. GEORGE CARRINGER, Boone, Iowa. His widow is 

named Hannah. 

4. MARY, wife of WM. WOLCOTT, Missouri. 

5. WILLIAM CARRINGER, Dighton, Kansas. 



7. HOWARD CARRINGER, Digliton, Kansas. 

8. CHESTER CARRINGER, Overland, Kansas. 

3. ELIZABETH, wife of BENJAMIN ROBINSON, born January 
5, 1822, dead. Children: 

/. HOMER ROBINSON, Henderson, 111. 

2. THOMAS H. ROBINSON, Waterman, 111. 

J. LEANDER D. ROBINSON, Washington, Iowa. 

4. MARY, wife of JAMES HARVEY, Peatonia, Kansas. 

5. ITHAMA ROBINSON, Washington, Iowa. 

4. SARAH, wife of JOHN CARRINGER, born May 16, i824,dead. 
Children : 


2. IMILO CARRINGER, Marionville, Penna. 

J. MINNIE, wife of DEARMINT, Petosky, :\Iich. 

5. HENRY K. SPANGLER, born March 17, 1820, died in infancy. 

6. DOROTHEA M., wife of W. E. McKNIGHT, born December 
17, 1827, lives at Boulder, Col. Two adopted children: 


7. HELEN, wife of JAMES BROWN, born April 23, 1S31, mar- 
ried Nov. 28, 1850, and is living at Conneautville, Pa. Children: 

/. EUGENE Iv. BROWN, Conneautville, Pa. 

2. CARRIE B., wife of Dr. James H. Smith, Conneautville. 

8. REBECCA, wife of DANIEL J. CARRINGER, born April 2, 

1833, living at Boulder, Col. Children: 

J. EFFIE CARRINGER, San Diego, Cal. 

9. LOUISA, wife of NAN POWER, born April 9, 1839, dead. 

7. FRANK POWER, Braddock, Pa. 

10. MARGARET JANE, wife of GEORGE W. KELSO, born 

March 19, 1841, Youngstown, Ohio. Dead. Children: 
/. FRANK KELSOE, Youngstown, Ohio. 
2. LENA, wife of JEROME PYLE, Mahonington, Pa. 

PETER SPANGLER, 1810. (p. 193. 



ASTOR, LE^O- ^"l. 



(Son of Rudolf). 

Born May i6, 1786, died May 22, 1823. He was married Oct. 
15, 1812, to Sarah Gardner, who died August 20, 1839; was Post- 
master in York in 1816, Deputy Surveyor of York County 1818 to 
182 1, and Commissioners' Clerk in 1819. He owned, lived and 
died in the second house on Market, east of Water street, now 
owned by Dr. Jacob R. Spangler, and in which he kept a dry-goods 
and general store. 

Lafayette and the Conway Cabal in York. 

It was in this then spacious dwelling that many Continental 
officers were quartered, and in which Gen. Horatio Gates, and the 
other members of the famous Conway Cabal gave a feast in honor 
of Gen. Lafayette in 1777, with a view of winning him over to the 

The faith and devotion of this young and gallant F'rench officer 
never faltered toward the man he so loved and honored. In spite 
of the frowns and silence accompanying it, he gave as his toast: 
"The Commander-in-Chief of the American Armies." 

From '^Lossing's Pictorial Field Book 0/ the Revolution,'' Vol. 2, p. jjg: 

"Sparks relates that, when Lafayette arriverl in York he found Gates at table, 
surrounded by his friends. The Warquis was greeted with great cordiality, and ac- 
cepted an invitation to join them at table. The wine passed around, and several 
toasts were drunk. Determined to let his sentiments be known at the outset, he 
called to the company as they were about to rise, and observed that one toast had 
been omitted, which he would propose. The glasses were filled and he gave : 
' The Commander-in-Chief of the American Armies. ' 

"The coolness with which it was received confirmed Lafayette in his suspicions." 

The Gates-Wilkinson Projected Duel in York. 

Coincident with these intrigues were the reflections by General 
Gates on the conduct of Gen. Wilkinson, Adjutant General of the 
Continental Army. The latter deeming his honor deeply wounded 
by the course of General Gates, determined to demand satisfaction, 
and a duel was arranged to take place behind the Protestant Epis- 
copal church on North Beaver street.^ 

'App. Note 55. 


Peter Spangler's Death. 

From the York Gazette of May 27, 1823: 

"Died, on Friday last in this borough, Peter Spangler, Esq., after a severe and 
protracted illness, aged 37 years. Of the many individuals who are daily swept 
into the grave by the unsparing hand of time, few have fallen over whose grave 
flow tears of deeper sorrow. His public work requires not the aid of eulogy to 
perpetuate its remembrance, nor can his private life borrow lustre from panegyric, 
when all who knew him, unite in testifying that he was prompt, correct and up- 
right in the discharge of his duties as a public officer and citizen." 

From the York Recorder of May 2 j , 1S23: 

" Died, on Friday evening last, in this borough, after a long illness, Mr. Peter 
Spangler, son of the late Rudolph Spangler, Esq. , in the 38th year of his age. Mr. 
Spangler was long a useful and worthy citizen of this place. He has left an affec- 
tionate wife with four small children to bemoan his loss; also a large circle of rela- 
tives and friends. While living, he omitted none of the means of being useful to 
men, or serviceable to society; he possessed a mind full of verdure, and all the ma- 
turity of wisdom, together with those virtues which distinguish and adorn the 
good man's life. The very numerous train which followed him to the grave, af- 
fords a testimonj' of the respect in which he was held by his fellow citizens." 

" Mr. Lewis will please insert the following and oblige a " Reader," 

"On the Death of Peter Spangler." 
"Hark, how the bell so doleful tells 
How Spangler's spirit fled; 
And how he gave up this world. 
And is numbered with the dead. 

"Weep not, his friends for Peter's death; 
For he is with his Lord. 
A happy soul is Spangler's now, 
In the presence of his God." 
His children were : 

1. MARIA, wife of Dr. GEORGE EICHELBERGER, druggist. 

Moved to St. Louis, Mo. 

2. SARAH ELLEN, wife of ROBERT C. WOODWARD, married 

August 14, 1838, died at Carlisle, Pa., in 1886. Mr. Woodward 
was Burgess of York in 1847-9. Afterwards removed to Carlisle, 
Pa,, and engaged with his cousin, the late Henry D. Schmidt of 
York, in the wholesale grain and flour business. He was one of 
California's Argonauts of 1849. Children : 

2. FLORENCE, wife of J. H. HARGIS, Germantown, Pa. 

3. CHARLES WOODWARD, died in Carlisle, in 1891 ; his 

widow Jessie V., was a daughter of the late Gen. George 
Washington Elliot, U. S. A. Children : 


1. Florence V., wife of Frank Moore. 

2. Jessie E. Woodward. 3. Robert S. C. Woodward. 
4. Eleanor W^oodward. 5. Wm. G. Woodward. 

6. C. Rollins Woodward. 
3. JACOB GARDNER SPANGLER, born October 15, 1815, died 
February 15, 1851, buried in Presbyterian churchyard, York. 
Eydia Ann, his wife, died September 2, 1884, aged 86-6-12. No 


(Daughter of Rudolf Spengler.) 

Born December 31, 1769, baptized July 24, 1770, died December 
27, 1824. Mr. and Mrs. Barnitz lived at the Koch corner, Beaver 
and Market streets. Honorable George Barnitz was born February 
18, 1770, and died April 19, 1844, aged 74-2-1. On October 10, 
1826, he married Elizabeth Beitzel, who died November 24, 1851, 
aged 80 years, and with whom he had no issue. He was appoint- 
ed Associate Judge of the Courts of York county, by Gov. Snyder, 
in March 1813, which office he held until within a few years of 
his death. He held at different times other public offices in his 
native county, and was twice elected an Elector of President and 
Vice-President of the United States. The York county Bench and 
Bar, Hon. Daniel Durkee, President Judge, presidiug, met upon 
his death, and passed suitable resolutions. Children : 
1. JOHN CHARLES BARNITZ, Harrisburg, born February 26, 
1795, died January 31, 1872; married Elizabeth Kunkel of Har- 
risburg, October 17, 1820, born May 9, 1798, died January 19, 
1880. Mr. Barnitz was a brewer and moved to Harrisburg, Pa., 
in 1 83 1, where he died. Children: 

September 4, 1825. Daughter: 
I. Margaret Jane Barnitz. 
2. GEORGE CONTEER BARNITZ, Harrisburg, born Oc- 
tober 4, 1825; married December 8, 1850, Henrietta 
Eoucks. Children : 
I. Clara E. Barnitz. 2. John C. Barnitz. 


3. Cassandra S. Barnitz. 4. Henrietta L. Barnitz. 
J. JEROME T. BARNITZ, Harrisburg, born September 30, 
1830; married October 19, 1852, Mary H. Deming. 
Children : 

I. James Barnitz. 2. Elizabeth Barnitz. 

3. Mary C. Barnitz. 4. Charles H. Barnitz, 

5. George P. Barnitz. 6. Alice M. Barnitz. 

7. Eatrobe M. Barnitz. 
2. MARY, wife of JOHN SCHMIDT, born March 25, 1793, bap- 
tized as "Anna Maria" April 28, 1793, by the Rev. Philip Wil- 
helm Otterbein, then a Refopined church minister, and afterwards 
founder of the Church of the United Brethren in Christ, in Amer- 
ica, which now numbers over 200,000 members, with six Bishops. 
Mrs. Schmidt had a vivid recollection of the funeral pageant in 
honor of Gen. Washington held in York in 1799. She was mar- 
ried April I, 1816, and died in York March 26, 1886, aged 93 
years and one day. In her obituary in the York Daily of March 
27, 1886, is the following: 

"In acts of piety, thanksgiving and praise, she took delight. In dispensing 
charity, she was a constant benefactor of the poor, and thanked God for being per- 
mitted to do so. She doubtless has gone to that rest which remaineth for the peo- 
ple of God." 

John Schmidt was born in Hamburg, Germany, March 8, 1784. 
He graduated from a leading German University, and possessed 
refined tastes and scholastic accomplishments. He arrived in Bal- 
timore in 1 81 2, and immediately came to York, 

According to Lewis Miller, the local historian of the times, upon 
his arrival he quartered at Jacob Upp's tavern on the south- 
west corner of George street and Court House Square. Upon 
walking from the inn around the square, his tall and portly form, 
handsomely attired, arrested the attention of the market people — 
"caviare to the general " — and the stare and remarks of the assem- 
bled crowd caused him to beat a retreat to the inn. 

Upon the organization of the York Bank in 1814, he was ap- 
pointed its teller. In those days the small currency of the country 


SCENE IN HAMBURG, 1800. (p. 196.) 
John Schmidt's Birthplace. 


I'C'W T' 

ASTOR, LEWO^^ ^- ^ 



was made up entirely of paper, vulgarly called "shinplasters." A 

neatly engraved copper plate note ("shinplaster") was issued by 

the York Bank in i Si 5. It is as follows: 

" 10 Cents 

This bill received for 
TEN CENTS at the 

J. Schmidt, 


About this time there was considerable contention in the bank 
on account of the unpopularity or inefficiency of its Ca.shier, and 
it is presumed that Mr. Schmidt resigned his position in conse- 
quence, for we find him starting a mercantile business in 1816, as 
the following advertisement in the York Gazette of Apr. 1 1 attests. 


"The subscriber is now opening at Mr. John Hahn's House, Main Street, and 
intends continually keeping an assortment of the following goods: Shirting Linen, 
Brown Holland, Bed Ticking, Roller Gun Locks, Plain Gun Locks, Scythes and 
Whetstones, Gimblets, Looking Glasses, Pocket Glasses, Velvet Binding, Tape. 
All of which he will sell by the Package at City wholesale prices. Also a few 
hhds. of coffee of a Superior Quality. " John Schmidt. 

"March 28, 1816." 

In September, 1817, Thomas Woody ear, the Cashier of the York 
Bank resigned, and Mr, Schmidt was unanimously elected Cashier 
in his stead, and served in that capacity until his death in 1835. 
He was also Treasurer of the York and Susquehanna Turnpike Co. 


"The Company of Mr. J. Schmidt and Lady is solicited at a BALL to be held at 
the house of Adam Eichelberger, on Friday the 22nd of February 1833. 

Jacob Dritt, C. A. Barnitz, Calvin Mason, Geo. S. Morris, Daniel Schriver and 
L. A. Rosenmiller, Managers." 

York, February 18, 1833. 

Mr. Schmidt was a man of sterling integrity and held in univer- 
sal esteem, and in consequence was appointed administrator of 
many large trusts. 

Gen. Lafayette's Visit to York, 1825. 

Mr. Schmidt was a ripe French scholar, and during Lafayette's 
visit to York in 1825, was the only person in York who could con- 
verse with him in his native tongue. Apropos of this visit, we 
copy from the York Gazette of February i, 1825. 


"On Saturday evening January 29, at 9 o'clock the illustrious La Fayette and his 
son George Washington, I\I. LaVasseur his secretary, and IMessrs. Woodyear and 
Morris, of the Baltimore committee unexpectedly arrived in this place, and the 
next Monday Messrs. Jacob Spangler, Adam King and Col. Michael H. Spangler, 
a committee appointed by our Town Council, proceeded to Ilarrisburg. The Gen" 
eral has engaged to return to-morrow to partake of a Public Dinner, and the Mili- 
tary are making every arrangement that the time will admit of to give him a splen- 
did reception." 

The writer's father was a participant of this dinner, he being at 
the time a member of Capt. Wm. Nes' "York Washington Artil- 

In the issue of February 8 : 

" On February 2, Gen. L,a Fayette was met by a battalion of Volunteers compos- 
ed of Capt. Nes, Artillery, Captains Small, Barnitz, Frysinger and Stuck's infantry 
and Capt. Sampson Smith's Rifle Company. At the dinner provided by the citi- 
zens (the tickets being fo.oo each) Jacob Barnitz Esq., presided with Gen. LaFay- 
ette on his right, the clergy on his left, assisted by Gen. Ash and Gen. Jacob 
Spangler as Vice Presidents. About one hundred gentlemen were at the table. 
Toasts were drunk accompanied by hearty cheering and the music of the band 
whose concord of sweet sounds pleased the General better than any he has heard 
since he has been in this country." 

To the following toast he responded : 

"La Fayette — We love him as a man, hail him as a deliverer, revere him as a 
champion of freedom, and welcome him as a guest." 

To which he gave : 

"The town of York — the seat of American Union in our most gloomy times — 
May the citizens enjoy in the same proportion their share of American prosperity. 
At his room at McGrath's Inn (Southwest corner Centre Square and West Market 
street) he was waited upon by a number of Revolutionary veterans, who had been 
with him in the times that tried men's souls, placed their lives and fortunes upon 
the destinies of our country, to welcome their old companion in arms — to welcome 
our Countries benefactor as our guest." 

The late David B. Prince, for many years Principal of the York 
County Academy, in an unpublished letter from York to his father 
David Prince, of Cumberland, Maine, dated January 15, 1825, de- 
scribes his impressions of Gen. Lafayette, as follows: 

' ' We had the great La Fayette here about two weeks ago. I was appointed one 
of the committee to receive, and had the honor to be much about his person, and 
enjoyed his conversation. He speaks the English very readily, making use of 
good and appropriate language tho' he has much of the French accent. Has a 
very pleasing and expressive countenance, eyes full, large nose, eye-brows much 
arched, and when he speaks he throws them up and down with a smile, every look 
and gesture manifesting peculiar interest to whatever he says. He is very ready of 



access and makes every one easy in his company. When I said to him — General, 
I am happy to see you look so well — you appear much younger than I expected to 
see you— He replyed — Thank you Sir — I have enjoyed very good health — I am 67 
years. You have been in this place before? — I was here once, in '77 — I stayed but 
a short time — 36 hours — my business was with /ke Congress and l/te Board of War. ' ' ^ 

Upon Gen. Lafayette's death in 1834, funeral obsequies were 
held in York with the attendant procession.^ 

John Schmidt's Death. 

John Schmidt died August 2, 1833. On his monument is in- 
scribed : 

" This stone is placed here as a memorial by the directors of the York Bank." 

The York Gazette of August 4, 1835, has the subjoined obituary: 

"We have the painful task this morning of announcing the decease of John 
Schmidt, Esq. , Cashier of the York Bank. He died at his residence in this borough 
on Sunday morning last, after a painful and lingering illness. 

" Few men occupy a higher place in the confidence and esteem of their fellow 
citizens than did the deceased. He was a faithful, industrious and competent 
officer of the institution in whose services he laboured for twenty two years. In 
private life his amiable deportment won for him universal regard and attachment. 
The death of such a man is a loss to the community and as such is deeply deplored. ' ' 

From the Pennsylvania Republican ( York) August 5, 1835: 

" Died, on Sunday morning last, John Schmidt, Esq., one of the most wealthy 
and useful citizens. 

"For 18 years past Mr. Schmidt had been the Cashier of the York Bank, and 
discharged its duties with distinguished ability and usefulness. 

" His peculiar qualifications and great integrity of character, had secured to him 
the highest esteem and confidence of all who knew him. His loss to the commu- 
nity will not easily be supplied, while to his family and friends it is irreparable." 

"A tribute of respect to the memory of John Schmidt, Cashier of the York Bank, 
a personage of high standing in society: he died on the 2nd of August, 1735, aged 
about 51 years. 

"As a parent he was kind, as a husband affectionate, a liberal friend to the 
needy and poor. In his professional calling, he stood a faithful and vigilant senti- 
nel on the watchtowers of public confidence. Plis character like fairest linen laid 
in open air, the more it is exposed the more its whiteness will appear to view. C." 

Garret Relics. 

Mr. Schmidt was an extensive reader of contemporaneous litera- 
ture. At the time of his widow's death, in 1886, the attic was 
still well filled with old, rare and valuable books, coins, etc. There 
were also stored interesting relics, not less interesting from being 

^App. Note 51. 
^App. Note 56. 


a bit cobwebby and mysterious, such as bonnets that looked like 
coal scuttles, and with as many enormous bones as a prehistoric 
skeleton, andirons, cradles, fire screens, — a long pole with a silk 
arrangement, — clock with moon face and long chains and weights, 
faded reticules, blue cups and saucers, mirrors with supporting 
rods holding a brass candlestick a piece, and resting on a little 
stand which had a drawer with brass knobs, and tables that looked 
like a long-legged spider. John and INIary Schmidt's children were: 
/. JANE FORSTER, wife of JOHN S. MILLER, of Win- 
chester, Va., married December 26, 1843. Mrs. Miller 
was born September 5, 181 8, and died at York, April 28, 
1855. Mr. Miller was a successful merchant in Stras- 
burg and Winchester, Va., and died in the latter city, 
August 5, 1863, ag^d 52-2-5. He was for many years 
a member of the Board of Directors of the Bank of Win- 
chester, and the minutes of the Bank contain the follow- 

" At a meeting of the Board of Directors of the Bank of Winchester on Thursday 
August 6, 1863. President, Robert Y. Conrad, Lewis P. Harttnan, Robert Steel 
Hugh Sidnell and Richard R. Brown, the death of John S. Miller, late member of 
this Board, was announced. On motion, Resolved, That we sensibly feel the loss 
of our late associate and friend, and deplore this bereavement of the family and 
relatives of the deceased, as well as the community. Without ostentation or pre- 
tention, our friend was a man of sound judgment, of perfect integrity, and kind 
and generous charity. As a token of our respect and regard, we will attend the 
funeral of the deceased this afternoon. The Cashier is requested to furnssh a copy 
of these minutes to the mother of the deceased, with sincere condolence of this 
Board." ROBERT B. WOLF, Cashier, 

ROBERT Y. CONRAD, President. 

Mr. and Mrs. Miller's children: 

1. Mary Frances, wife of Edward W. Spangler, Attorney- 

at-Law, York, Pa. 

2. Rev. Lewis G. M. Miller, Roanoke, Va., married Laura 

Campbell, of Winchester, Va. Children : 

I. Laura C. Miller. 2. Jane F. Miller. 

3. Mary F. Miller. 4. Lewis S. F. Miller. 

3. Dr. Wm. P. Miller, Winchester, Va. 

2. GEORGE BARNITZ SCHMIDT, died August 2, 1854, 
aged 34-8. He was one of the California Argonauts of 

McGRATH'S INN, YORK. 'P. 197.) 



>- -^ 

ROUND DANCES, 1820. (p. 197.) 

THE NEW York; 




J. JOHN FREDERICK SCHMIDT, was one of the Argo- 
nauts of 1849, and died in San Francisco, February 4, 
1854, of typhoid fever. 

4. HENRY D. SCHMIDT, born October 22, 1826, died Jan- 
uary 19, 1883. When a boy he entered the large hard- 
ware store of P. A. & S. Small, whom he served most 
faithfully, gaining merited promotions, and after a 
continuous service of twenty years in this relation he 
moved with his wife and family to Carlisle, Pa., where 
he engaged in the grain business until 1862, when ill- 
health compelled him to relinquish it. After his return 
to York, and partial restoration of his health, he was 
elected Cashier of the First National Bank, and contin- 
ued so for five years, when failing health compelled him 
to seek the dry climate of Minneapolis, Minnesota. He 
invested largely in real estate in that flourishing city 
where he expected to reside permanently. The intense 
cold winters of that latitude, after a lapse of five or six 
years, caused him to retrace his steps to York. He was 
offered fine business positions but was compelled to de- 
cline them. In 1873, ^^i with his family, spent a year 
in Stuttgart, Germany, where his children attended a 
German University. At the time of his death in 1883, 
he was trustee of the mortgage to secure the bonds of 
the York and Peachbottom Railroad. To high business 
qualifications and a most conscientious discharge of duty, 
Mr. Schmidt united a kindness and greatness of manner 
and deportment which endeared him to all his friends 
and associates. 

Henry D. Schmidt married Mary Louisa Carson, daugh- 
ter of Charles Smith Carson, who was a prominent mer- 
chant and farmer of Harrisburg, Pa. He served in the 
war of 181 2, and when the Confederate forces invaded 
Pennsylvania in 1863, was commissioned a Captain by 
Gov. Curtin, of a company raised to protect the Capitol, 
at the time being one of the oldest men in service. His 
father, John Carson, married Margaret (Sarah) Duncan, 
of Carlisle. He served in the Revolutionary war in Col, 


Thomas Hartley's Regiment, ist Penn'a Rri^^ade, Gen. 
Wayne's Division, in the battles of Brandywine and Ger- 
mantown ; was Judge of the Courts of Dauphin county 
for many years prior to and at his death. 

John Carson, the first, was one of the earliest and most 
prominent settlers along the Susquehanna river; he mar- 
ried Ann Pywell and died years before the Revolution. 
He was a trusted trading merchant. The entries run 
from 1 743 for nearly twenty years. Children : 

1. John C. Schmidt, Chain Manufacturer, York. Children: 

I. Katherine Schmidt. 2. Henry D. Schmidt. 

3. Mary D. Schmidt. 

2. George S. Schmidt, Attorney-at-Eaw, York. Children: 

I. j\Iary Schmidt. 2. George Schmidt. 

3. Mary, wife of Louis B. Parrott, Importer, San Fran- 

cisco, California. Children : 

I. Marie Louise Parrott. 2. Daisy Parrott. 

3. GEORGE AUGUSTUS BARNITZ, born August 13, i8oi,bap- 
tized September 20, 1801, married Maria C. Doudel November 24, 
1835, died May 14, 1871. He was educated at Princeton College, 
and after his graduation was admitted to the York Bar, and was 
appointed Deputy x^ttorney General for York county, February 23, 
1830. He subsequently became a partner of Adam King as edi- 
tor and proprietor of the York Gazette from 1829 ^^ i834- 
He was also Clerk of the Courts and often acted as School Direc- 
tor. His widow, ]\Iaria C. Barnitz, died August 28, 1888, aged 71- 
9-23. They resided on the south side of West Market street, 
between Beaver street and Centre vSquare. Children: 

/. JONATHAN D. BARNITZ, Company B, 87th Pa. Inf., 
born September 23, 1840, died August i, 1862, at New 
Creek, W. Va. 

2. FRANK H. BARNITZ, Lake Spring, Missouri. 




4. CHRISTLVNA H., wife of ERNEST F. BLECK, Bethlehem, 

Pa. Child: 


7. LAURA E. B., wife of FREDERICK CLOUDER, Beth- 
lehem, Pa. Children: 

1. George E. Clouder, New York City. 

2. Mary H., wife of John J. Zimmele. 

5. REBECCA, wife of ALEXANDER H. BARNITZ, born Janu- 
ary 9, 1807, married March 21, 1837, died July 20, 1886. Mr. 
Barnitz was a druggist and Captain of the York National Grays 
and Washington Blues, 1830-42, and passenger conductor on the 
Pennsylvania railroad. He was born July 14, 1804, and died Feb- 
ruary 27, 1874. Son: 

/. GEORGE ERNEST BARNITZ, born January 30, 1840, 
died December 8, 1892. Children: 

1. Mary L., wife of John J. Scoggins, Baltimore, Md. 

2. Jennie R., wife of William D. Young, York, Pa. 

6. DAVID BARNITZ, died unmarried. 

7. MARGAREITA, wife of JOHN EVANS, born October 10, 
181 2, died August 29, 1843. Mr. Evans read law with the Hon. 
Thaddeus Stevens, (the most distinguished individual during the 
war in civil life, save Abraham Lincoln), and was admitted to the 
bar in York, May 3, 1822 ; President James Buchanan, then an 
attorney, being one of the committee of examination. On July 
20, 1820, he was one of the editors of the York Recorder; March 
12, 182 1, Eli Lewis purchased the paper. He was Captain of the 
Pennsylvania Volunteers, of York, 1830-40, and at one time editor 
of the York Republican, and president of the York Water Com- 
pany. In 1829 ^^^ was appointed Deputy Attorney General for 
York county by the Attorney General of the State. 

From the Pennsylvania Republican, ( York) Dcce}nber 31, iS^j: 

Last eveuing John Evans, Esq. , to Miss Margaret Barnitz, daughter ot the Hon. 
George Baruitz, all of this Borough. 

"Tisdone, tis done — the pledge is past 
The words of love are spoken 
And round their hearts a chain is cast f 

Which cannot now be broken 
Its links were there forever set 

The moment that their pulses met 
And welded in one burning grasp — 
A bond no mortal can unclasp." 
"May their ways be ways of pleasantness. 
And all their paths prove paths of peace." 


He was the first president, 1852, of the York County Agricul- 
tural Society. He was a most active and distinguished member 
of the York Bar to the time of his death, January 30, 1876, Chil- 

/. EDWARD J. EVANS, Attorney-at-Law, born January 5, 
1837, died April 19, 1880 ; married to Fannie Edwards 
Chapin. Children : 

I. Fannie E. Evans. 2. ^Margaretta B. Evans. 

3. IMary P. Evans, all of York, Pa. 
2. MARY E., wife of FELIX W. LINEBACH, Reading, Pa. 
Children : 

I. John E. Linebach. 2. Ellen Theresa Linebach. 

3. Annie M. Linebach. 4. JMary Linebach. 

VI. ELIZABETH, wife of WM. NES, 

(Daughter of Rudolf Spengler.) 

Wm. Nes, born July 13, 1761, died July 19, 1828. Elizabeth 
Nes, born February 23, 1773, died April 14, 1844. Both lie in 
Christ Lutheran churchyard, York. 

Wm. Nes kept a general store on the southwest corner of Mar- 
ket and Water streets, and afterwards moved to the northwest cor- 
ner of Centre Square and ^Market street, then Court House Square 
and High street, where he continued as a leading merchant. He 
was County Treasurer from 181 7 to 1820, and a member of the 
Pennsylvania Assembly 1820-21. The merchant's adv^ertisements 
of those days, including the one of Mr. Nes, were unique and 
quite interesting^ 
From the York Recorder, July 22, 1S2S: 

" Died on Saturday evening the 19th instant, William Nes, Esq., of an extremely 
painful and lingering disease, aged about sixty-eight years. Mr. Nes was Treasurer 
of the County of York the usual time the office is held by one individual, and was 
afterwards a representative in the House of Representatives of the General Assem- 
bly. For many years he was one of the most enterprising and successful merchants 
of York; and in all his vocations, whether public or private, he sustained the 
character of an honest man. He was of an obliging and friendly disposition; to 
his friends he was devoted, and in his friendships he was ardent and sincere. He 

lApp. Note 57. 




is translated to that world of mystery, wbere he will rest from his labors and his 

works will follow him J'' 

From the York Gazette of January 2g, 1828: 

" Departed this life on Saturday evening, the 19th inst. after a tedious and pain- 
ful illness, William Nes, Esq., of this place. In this afflicting dispensation of 
Providence, we have to deplore the loss of one of our most respectable and useful 
citizens. A man of integrity, virtue and benveolence, — one who in the various 
situations of father, friend and neighbor, was beloved and respected; and endeared 
to his acquaintance by the frankness and urbanity of his manner. Honourable 
and upright in all his dealings, whether public or private, it may justly be said, 
he was one of the noblest works of God — an honest man." 

" Could the kind wishes 'of friends and acquaintance — or the untiring watchful- 
ness and attention of those to whom he was endeared by the ties of kindred and 
afifection have stayed the relentless hand of death, we had been spared the task of 
rendering this humble tribute to a man of worth. Long will his memory be cher- 
ished by the wide circle from which he has thus been unexpectedly separated — 
but longer, much longer will it be ere the void which is made at the domestic fire- 
side can be forgotten, or the wounded hearts of those to whom the departed was 
near and dear can be made whole. But even for them there is consolation in the 
assurance that "to die is gain " — that it is but the exchange of mortality for im- 
mortality, and that the husband, father, friend is released from a scene of suffering 
and misery, to enter upon one of interminable happiness and felicity." 
"But why more woe! More comfort let it be. 
Nothing is dead but that which wished to die. 
Nothing is dead but wretchedness and pain: 
Nothing is dead but what eucumber'd, gall'd. 
Blocked up the pass, and barred from real life. 
Where dwells that wish most ardent of the wise 
Too dark, the sun to see it; highest stars 
Too low to reach it; Death, great Death above, 
O'er stars and sun triumphant, lands us there." 
Their children were : 

1. CHARLES NES, died unmarried, January 8, 1864, aged 70-7- 
26. He was Deputy Marshall for York county in 1820, and Re- 
corder of Deeds 1830-3. 

2. SAMUEL NES, died in Baltimore. Children : 

/. GEORGE NES, died in Baltimore. Children: 

I, Ella McDowell. 2. Mary Kirkman. 

3. Charles M. Nes. 4. Lucretia Nes. 

5. George F. Nes. 

I, Charles M. Coleman. 
J. CATHERINE, wife of PETER SHREINER, deceased. 

Child : 

I. Edward C. Shreiner, Baltimore, Md. 



5. WILLL\M NES, Baltimore, Md., died in the L'nion Army, 

No issue. 

3. REBECCA, wife of JOHN R. DONNELL, deceased. Mr. Don- 
nell was a member of the Pennsylvania Assembly, 1831-33, of the 
State Constitutional Convention of 1838, and Prothonotary of 
York county 1850-53. Children: 


2. CHARLES DONNELL; Littlestown, Pa. 

4. Hon. HENRY NES, W. D., born May 20, 1802, died Septem- 
ber 10, 1850. Coroner 1 824-1 830; married Elizabeth, daughter 
of Benjamin Weiser, August 25, 1825. She was born January 19, 
1806, died April 29, 1845. ^^ received a liberal education; stud- 
ied medicine, and practiced for many years, and filled several 
local offices. He was Brigade Surgeon at the time of the Division 
encampment in York, in 1841.^ 

He was elected to represent York county in the Twenty-eighth 
Congress, as an independent, receiving 4,016 votes against 3,413 
votes for Dr. Alexander Small, Democrat, serving from December 
4, 1843, to ^larch 3, 1S45; he was again elected to the Thirtieth 
Congress as a Whig; and was re-elected to the Thirty-first Con- 
gress, receiving 6,599 "^'otes against 5,989 votes for J. B. Danner, 
the Democratic candidate, serving to September 10, 1850, when 
he died at York from pulmonary affections. Dr. Nes was a man 
of remarkable personal popularity, and possessed an extraordinar}- 
faculty for electioneering. He was a member of the House of Rep- 
resentatives when Ex-President John Quincy Adams, then a fellow 
member, fell from his chair from a stroke of apoplexy. Dr. Nes 
was one of his attending physicians. 

Washington, 29th, May '48. 
Dear Sir: — An offering of a small memento containing the hair of my late and 
ever venerated husband, as a token of gratitude to Dr. Nes, for his kind attention 
to the venerated deceased, during his illness, although delayed, will, I trust prove 
acceptable as a gift from the widow of J. O. Adams. 


The Hon. Thaddeus vStevens delivered in Congress an eloquent 

eulogy on the life of Dr. Nes.- 

lApp. Note 58. 
2App. Note 59. 


Children of Henry Nes: 

/. Dr. CHARLES M. NEvS, York; inventor of Silicon steel 
process; married Caroline King, August 25, 1846; was 
appointed by President Grant, Commissioner on iron and 
steel to the Vienna Exposition. Children : 

1. Henry Nes. Children : 

I. H. Gordon Nes. 2. Everett V. Nes. 

2. Charles M. Nes. 3. Bessie, wife of Eli L- Forney. 
4. Gulick E. Nes. 

2. ARABELLA, deceased wife of E. A. King, deceased, mar- 
ried September 5, 1851. Son: 
Dr. Harry B. King, York. Son : 
Edward Hersh King. 

J. FREDERICK F. NES, deceased, born October 21, 1832, 
died July 2, 1879. He was employed in the U. S. Coast 
Survey with the rank of Captain in the U. S. Navy. 

1. Charles L Nes, Chain Manufacturer, York. Daughter: 

I. Mary E. Nes. 

2. David Nes, graduated at the U. S. Naval School, An- 

napolis, Md. Resigned on account of ill health and 
died in New Mexico, in 1893. 

3. Agnes Fulton Nes. 

4. MARGARET, deceased wife of G. W. DOTY, Clintonville, 

Wisconsin. Children : 

I. Frederick Doty. 2. Giles Doty. 

3. Harry Doty; Chicago, 111. 

5. ADA E., wife of Dr. B. F. SPANGLER, York ; married 

November 12, 1868. Children: 

I. Theresa Spangler. 2. Chauncey K. Spangler. 

5. WILLIAM NES, born October 3, 1797, died October 10, 1830. 
He was Captain of the Washington xA.rtillerists at the time of Gen. 
LaF'ayette's visit to York in 1825, and subsequently Brigade In- 
spector ist Brigade, 5th Division, Penn'a Militia. Married Sep- 
tember 19, 1819, Eva C. Eichelberger, who was born January 17, 
1798, die:! September 7, 1880. Pie was in Capt. Michael H. 
Spangler's Company in war of 1812-14, and was engaged in the 
battle of North Point. 


From the York Republican of October ig, t8jo: 

Major Wm. NES whose mortal remains were last week consigned to the final 
abode of all living, was a meml^er of the old York Volunteers, which marched dur- 
ing the late war, from this place for the defense of Baltimore, under the command 
of Col. (then Captain) M. H. Spangler. The Major was then only about i8 years 
old. His funeral was attended by the military of this place; the remaining few 
(14) of the old York Volunteers marched in citizens dress at the head of the pro- 
cession. At the time of his death he was Brigade Inspector of the ist Brigade, 5th 
Division, P. M. 

Children of Wm. Nes: 

1. WM. FREDERICK NES, born March 2, 1823, died March 

II, 1845. 

2. JEFFERSON NES, born January 14, 1826, died January 

28, 1846. 
J. HAMILTON NES, born January 3, 1827, died May 17, 
1879. Children: 

1. Wm. J, Nes, Attorney-at-Law, York. 

2. L. Kate, wife of Wm. C. Warner, Titusville, Pa. 


(Daughter of Rudolf Spengler.) 

Married April 27, 1797. Mr. Small was County Commissioner 
in 1813, Post-Master of York, 1814-15-17-21, and died April 30, 
1823, aged 45 years. Children: 

1. DANIEL SMALL, born December 31, 1799, died August 5, 
1886. He was Post-Master of York, 1829 to 1839, when the Post 
Office was located in the Griffith building adjoining the National 
House. He moved to Schuylkill Haven about 1840, where he be- 
came local agent for the Philadelphia and Reading Rail Road, and 
died there. Children: 

I. GEORGE F. SMALL, dead. 2. JOHN E. SMALL, dead. 
J. MARY M., wife of WM. H. THOMAS, Haddonfield, N.J. 

4. ELIZABETH F., wife of Dr. JOSEPH W. BIRD, Tre- 

mont, Pa. 

5. ANNIE F. SMALL, dead. 6. DANIEL SMALL, dead. 

7. CATHERINE H. SMALL, Philadelphia, Pa. 

8. RUDOLPH S. SMALL, dead. 

9. WM. F. SMALL, Philadelphia, Pa. 


10. PETER SMALL, Olean, N. Y. 

11. ROBERT F. SMALL, Wilkes Barre, Pa. 

2. MARGARET MARIA, first wife of HENRY WELSH, deceas- 
ed, born September 29, 1804, married April 27, 1823 ^^^d October 
8, 1834. Henry Welsh, born January 13, 1800, died Jnne 23, 
1883. He was editor of the York Gazette for a number of years, 
President of the York Bank, and a Director of the Northern Cen- 
tral Railroad. He was a man of dominant political influence in 
this county, and was on terms of intimate friendship with the late 
Senator Simon Cameron, the dictator in his day of Pennsylvania 
politics. Children : 

/. WM. H. WELSH, Washington, D. C, was President of 
the Pennsylvania State Senate in 1856-9; private secre- 
tary of James Buchanan, Minister to Great Britain, and 
Auditor in the United States Treasury Department. 

2. Lieut. GEORGE P. WELSH, U. S. Navy, born March 

26, 1824, ^i^d April 26, i860, on board U. S. Frigate 

Sabine, in the harbor of Aspinwall. He was buried in 

York with Military and Masonic honors, June 18, i860. 


I. George P. Welsh. Wm. G. Welsh, Reading, Pa. 

3. MARY, wife of the late Admiral CLARK H. WELLS, 

U. S. Navy. Children: 

1. Harry Wells, Washington, D. C. 

2. Ellen S., wife of Lieut. Reeder, U. S. Navy. 

3. DAVID SMALL, died August 8, 1885, aged 73-5-4. He was 
associate proprietor and editor of the York Gazette from 1835 to 
the time of his death, and was Post-Master of York, 1842 to 1849, 
and 1857 to 1861; Director of the Poor, 1861; Chief Burgess of 
York, 1862 to 1871; Director of the York Bank for 30 years, and 
Farmers' Insurance Company 10 years; Presidential Elector on 
the Tilden ticket 1876. Children : 

/. JOHN E. SMALL, Teller, York National Bank. Children: 

1. L. R. Morgan Small. 3. Walter Small. 

2. Adeline, wife of Frank Motter. 

2. JAMES B. SMALL, Stationer; Post-Master of York, 1888 
to 1892, died January 24, 1892, aged 50 years. Children: 
I. Charles E. Small. 2. James H. Small. 


3. David J. Small. 
J. LUTHER A. SMALL, Journalist, and Chief Burgess of 

York, 1883-4. Cliikl: 

I. Emma, wife of Melvin W. Fisher. 
4. JOHN SMALL, died at Harrisburg, Pa., July 9, 1836, aged 27 
years. Catherine Beard, wife of John Small, died February 6, 
1883, aged 74 years. Children : 

/. General M. P. SMALL, U. S. A., died at Governor's 

Island, New York, Augiist i, 1892, aged 61 years. He 

graduated from the U. S. Military Academy, West Point. 

On April 9, 1865, he was promoted to Bvt. Brig, General 

for faithful and meritorious services in the Subsistance 

Department during the Rebellion. His remains repose 

in Prospect Hill cemetery, York. 
2. MARY GERTRUDE, wife of Rev. J. P. FUGETTE, 

Baltimore, Md. 


(Daughter of Rudolf Spengler.) 

Winchester, Va., born in York, March 14, 1773, married in York 
September 22, 1807, died in Winchester, Va., April 15, 1852. 
Children : 

1. ELLEN E., wife of PETER MILLER, Merchant, Winchester, 
Va., born September 11, 181 1, married August 21, 1834, died Sep- 
tember 5, 1856. Children: 

/. PETER MILLER, died September 5, 1861, aged 26 years, 

in Winchester, Va. 
2. MARGARET, wife of Dr. CASPER HINKLE, New 

Market, Virginia. 
J. LAURA v., wife of MAURICE L ADLER, Georgetown, 

District of Columbia. 

4. MARY ELLEN, wife of JACOB E. BAKER, Winchester, 


5. A. H. MILLER, Winchester, Virginia. 

2. JOHN W. SLAGLE, born March 10, 1813, married in Balti- 
more to Sarah E., daughter of Alexander Yearly, of that cit)-, 
died in Baltimore, Md. Had one daughter: 

(p. 197.) 

Hon. henry NES, 1838. fp. 206.) 







/. C. B. SLAGIvE, who died in Philadelphia, April 20, 1880. 

3. MARGARET A., wife of A. Von RIESEN, born August 8, 
1817, died November 5, 1888, at Winchester, Virginia. 

4. HENRY S. SLAGLE, born October 29, 1819, Winchester, Va. 

5. CORNELIUS B. SLAGLE, born December 22, 182 1, dead. 

6. CHARLES F. SLAGLE, born March 4, 1824, dead. 


(Daughter of Rudolf Spengler.) 

Married October 2, 1808, died May 15, 1842, aged 52-10-21. 
Mr. Fisher died August 26, 1842, aged 59 years and 23 days. 
They lived on the east side of North George street in a two- 
story brick house, second house from Centre vSquare. He was a 
Tin and Copper Smith, and a retired merchant later in life, 


to John Fisher Senr. 

To painting the Coat of Arms to and for the use of the Court House /"25.00 

To carving and Guilding the Image to the same. 5.00 


It was in this Court House that the citizens met to take proper 
measures against the threatened burning of the town in 1781 by 
Gen. Wayne's mutineers.^ 

" Commissione;rs' Office, October 7, 1796. 
To John Hay Esqr. Treasurer of York County 
Sir, Please pay to the bearer hereof 
John Fisher Senr. the foregoing sum of 
Thirty Pounds 

Allowed Pr. 

Received Payment 


Children : 

1. MARIA AL, wife of ALEXANDER DEMUTH, deceased, born 

August 24, 1814, married September 12, 1837, died August 25, 

^App. Note 59H 


1857. Alexander Demutli, born August 15, 1808, died January 
17, 1892. Children: 

/. CHARLES F. DEMUTH, Des Moines, Iowa. 

2. SUSAN DEMUTH, dead. 3. JULIA DEMUTH, York. 
2. JULIA MARGARET FISHER, died single, March 18, 1839, 
aged 21 years. 


(Son of Baltzer, Sr.) 

Born June 29, 1747, baptized Spengler July 15, 1747, died 
October 11, 1796, in York (now Springgarden) township. The 
remains of himself and wife lie in Prospect Hill cemetery. 

Margaret, his wife, (daughter of Michael Beard) died September 
I, 1845, aged 92 years. He resided on a portion of the old Baltzer 
Spengler Homestead at the Plank Road, adjoining York, on the 
southeast. He was one of the Committee of Revolutionary Cor- 
respondence and of the Committee of Safety, 1775, a member of 
the Second Company, Third Battalion, York County Militia, in 
the Revolutionary War, and County Commissioner in 1790-3. In 
the old and handsome family Bible of John Spengler, was found 
by the writer a letter in German, alleged to have been written by 
God Himself and delivered by an angel at Madgeburg, Germany 
in 1783. It exempted the possessors from lightning, fire and 
water. A century ago it made a profound impression.' 

Negro SIvAvery in York County. 

In John Spengler's will occurs the following : 

" I also give and bequeath unto my wife Margaret my negro wench Jude and my 
negro man Tony and his wife Fanny and negro girl Rachael for the term of seven 
years after which time they shall be set at liberty and be free." 

Henry and Baltzer Spengler, Sr., both owned slaves at the time 
of their demise. The facts and incidents concerning slavery in 
this county make interesting as well as unsavory reading.^ 

John Spengler's Children: 

1. Zachariah Spangler. 

2. William Spangler. 

'App. Note 60. 
2App. Note 61. 


3. Sarah, wife of Smyser and Michael Welsh. 

4. Rebecca, wife of George Jacobs and Eli Hendricks. 

5. John Spangler. 

6. Martin Spangler. 

7. IMaria IMargaret, wife of Jacob Bnckey, George 

Miller and Philip Dietrick. 

8. Juliana, w'ife of Dr. William ]\lcllvain. 


(Son of John.) 

Born rslarch 10, 1778, baptized April 17, 1778, married Sarah, 
daughter of Pliilip Gardner of Hellam township. He was Sheriff 
from 1818 to 1821 and Justice of the Peace, 1828 to 1835. Sarah, 
his wife, died November 3, 1847, aged 58 years and one day. 


deceased, of York, born January 2, 1824, married January 22, 1846. 
Mr. Campbell was born in 181 2, in Chanceford township. He 
was President of the York County Bank and a distinguished mem- 
ber of the York Bar. Children : 

/. HELEN, deceased wife of JAMES G. ]\IcDOWELE. 


3. DORA, second wife of JAMES G. McDOWELL. 

2. ALEXANDER SPANGLER, died September 5, 1885. 

3. HAMILTON G. SPANGLER, born March 14, 1818, died March 

4. ELIZABETH SPANGLER, died April 1881. 

5. LOUISA M., wife of COLIN K. McCURDY, Harrisburg, Pa., 
born November 1809, married April 5, 1834, died at Middletown, 
Pa., June, 1887. Mr. McCurdy was an editor and State Printer. 

I. MARY, wife of KIRK FEW, Middletown, Pa. Children: 

1. Kirk Few, Washington, D. C. 

2. Coline S. Few, Philadelphia, Pa. 


2. FANNIE, wife of RUFUS E. CABLE, Probate Judgb 

Wyandotte, Kansas. Children: 

I. Ebert S. Cable. 2. Marie L. Cable. 

3. Colin Cable. 4. Kirk L. Cable. 

5. Frank S. Cable, all of Kansas City, Kansas. 
J. BENJAMIN F. McCURDY, Omaha, Nebraska. 
6. JULIAN SPANGLER, born June 18, 1816. 


(Son of John.) 

Born September 21, 1783, died October 28, 1875, aged 92-1-7. 
He was Sheriff of York county, 1827 ^^ 1830- His first wife was 
named Anna Mary, (Maria), and after her death, February 14, 
1826, aged 32 years. He married October 3, 1830, Sarah, widow 
of George W. Spangler, son of George Spangler, Jr., with whom 
he had no issue. 

1. REBECCA, second wife of JOHN GETZ, deceased, York. 



4. LUCY, deceased wife of EMERSON J. CASE, dec'd. Children: 

/. LUCY CASE, dead. 3. FLORA CASE. 


5. EDWARD SPANGLER, Stage Carpenter at Ford's Theatre at 
the time of Lincoln's Assassination. 

6. THEODORE SPANGLER, died unmarried, April 15, 1852, 
aged 35 years. 

7. LEANDER SPANGLER, born July 17, 1815, died unmarried. 

III. SARAH, wife of SMYSER, 

(Daughter of John Spangler.) 

Deceased. She afterwards married Michael Welsh, with whom 
she had no children. 



(Daughter of John Spangler.) 

She afterwards married Eli Hendricks, August 14, 1823, with 
whom she also had children. She was born November 24, 1787, 
baptized January 15, 1788. Children: 


died in Washington, D. C. Children: 

/. wiLDEY J. McDowell. 
2. JAMES G. McDowell. 

3. MAGGIE R., wife of SAMUEL B. McNiTT, INIifflin Co., 


4. REBECCA A., wife of SAMUEL F. FREY, York, Pa. 

5. WM. H. McDowell, Company G, 9th Pa. Cav., died in 

Andersonville Prison, Februarv 22, 1865. 

2. THEODORE R.JACOBS, died unmarried. 

3. OLIVER PERRY JACOBS, died in York, Pa. Children: 




5. ANNIE, wife of ALLEN WOLLET. 




9. MARY C, wife of HORACE FREY. 

4. JOHN HENDRICKS, died in the army in 1863. No issue. 

5. MARIA HENDRICKS, died about 1850. No issue. 


(Son of John.) 

Born December i, 1779, baptized December 31, 1779, died at 
Marietta, Pa., October 4, 1841. He married May 27, 1812, Ann 
(Nancy) Barr, (Bear) of IMaytown, Pa., who died in 1870, aged 90 
years. Children : 

'1. BARR SPANGLER, Merchant, Marietta, Pa. Children: 
/. CUVIER SPANGLER. Children : 


I. Mary Spangler. 2. Annie Spangler. 

3. Barr Spangler. 

I. Sue Spangler. 2. Paul Barr Spangler. 

3. Florence Spangler. 

J. ANNA BELL, wife of LIMSON STETIGEN. Children. 
I. Mary Stetigen. 2. Barr Stetigen. 

2. WM. A. SPANGLER, married Rebecca J. Patterson, died in 
1849. Children : 

/. JOHN A. SPANGLER, Lancaster, Pa.; married Sarah 
Fahnestock. Children: 

1. Carrie, wife of John L. Cohoe. 

2. Wm. A. Spangler. 3. Samuel P. Spangler. 


Coatesville, Pa. Children: 

1. Charles H. Speakman, Coatesville, Pa. 

2. Ida F., wife of John A. Coyle, Attorney-at-Law, Lan- 

caster, Pa. 

3. Frederick W. Speakman, Coatesville, Pa. 

3. MARY J., wife of LEVI S. HALDEMAN, Marietta, Pa. 


I. Rebecca S. Haldeman. 2. Bertha P. Haldeman. 

3. Edna S. Haldeman. 

4. ADALINE, wife of JOHN W. RICH, Marietta, Pa. Chil- 


1. Harry Rich. 

2. Addie K., wife of Charles Harlan, Philadelphia, Pa. 

3. JAMES SPANGLER, Humboldt, Tennessee. Children: 








4. FRANCES, wife of SAMUEL PATTERSON, no issue. 

5. JANE, wife of S. P. STERRETT, died in 1890, without issue. 



(Son of John.) 

He lived in a house on the lot on which C. E. Lewis built a 
new structure on West ^Market street; and owned a tannery on 
the southeast corner of Market and Newberry streets. He mar- 
ried, April 17, 1810, Lydia Gardner, who died in 1847. He moved 
to Milburn, N. J., where he died June 6, 1863, aged 81-1-3. 
Children : 

1. ELEANOR, wife of EPHRAIM KIEFEER. Children: 

/. HANNAH MARIA, born at Bellefonte, Pa.; married JOHN 
R. CORNELIUS, Editor of the Lewisburg, Pa. Chroni- 
cle, (now" deceased). Children: 

1. Nellie, wife of Rev. Mr. Sagebeer, a Baptist Minister, 

Flemington, New Jersey. 

2. Edith Cornelius, near Baltimore, Md. 

3. Rea Cornelius, dead. 

2. JOHN BRAINARD KIEFFER, born October 20, 1839; 

was for many years Professor of Greek in Franklin and 
INIarshall College; married Lalla M. B. Troup. Daughter: 
I. Josephine Kieffer. 

3. Rev. JOSEPH SPANGLER KIEFFER, born February 

3, 1842; Pastor Zion's Lutheran church, Hagerstown, 
Md. Married, 1868, Mary Clarke, Harrisburg, Pa. Chil- 
I. Bessie Kieffer. 2. John Kieffer. 

3. Clark Kieffer. 2. Eleanor Kieffer. 

5. Henry Kieffer. 6. Paul Kieffer. 
7. Richard Kieffer. 

4. LYDIA JANE, wife of LUTHER C. FURST, Cedar 

Springs, Clinton county. Pa. vShe was born December 
29, 1843. Children : 

1. Eleanor, wife of Dr. Carrothers, Somerset, Pa. 

2. Dr. Robert G. Furst. 3. Guy H. Furst. 

4. Edgar Furst. 5. Luther Furst. 

6. Henr}' Furst. 7. Miriam Furst. 

5. Rev. HENRY MARTYN KIEFFER, D. D., born Octo- 

ber 5, 1845; married Mary Mylin, of Lancaster, Pa.; is 


now Pastor of the Third Street Reformed church, Easton, 
Pa. This church is the oldest church in Easton, having 
been erected in 1776. The ground on which it stands 
was given by the Penns and was used as a hospital dur- 
ing the Revolutionary War. Some very important trea- 
ties between the six Nations of Indians and the U. S. 
Commissioners, (Thomas Paine, Secretary) were held in 
this church, to determine whether this powerful Indian 
Confederation should side with the Colonies or with 
Great Britain in the great struggle. Dr. Kiefifer is the 
author of " Recollections of a Drummer Boy," " College 
Chapel Services " and the " New Hymnal of the Re- 
formed Church." Children : 
I. Edna Jeanne Kiefifer. 2. Henry Mylin Kieffer. 

6. BENJAMIN EPHRAIM KIEFFER, born July 18, 1847, 
2. JOHN SPANGLER, Milburn, New Jersey. Children : 

/. GEORGE W. SPANGLER, Saratoga Springs, N. Y. 

2, Mrs. AGNES FEYM, Flagtown, N. J. 


(Daughter of John Spengler.) 

Born January 8, 1790, married May 2, 181 1. Mr. Buckey died 
February 12, 1817 ; wife of George Miller, married 1819. Mr. 
Miller died in 1832 ; wife of Philip Dietrich, who died in 1835. 
No issue. 

Children by Mr. Buckey. Son : 
1 . JACOB M. BUCKEY, deceased. Children : 

/. CLARENCE P. BUCKEY, Merchant, Spencer, Iowa. 
2. KEMP P. BUCKEY, Frederick, Md. 
J. HATTIE B., wife of TYLER WILSON, Chicago, 111. 
4. RIDO LEE BUCKEY, Chicago, 111. 
Children by Mr. Miller : 

1. ANN M., wife of CHARLES MANTZ, Merchant, Frederick, Md. 

2. SARAH, wife of LEWIS G. KEMP, deceased. Children : 

/. CHARLES T. KEMP, Merchant, Frederick, Md. 


2. BUCKEY KEMP, Merchant, Chicago, 111. 

3. LOUISA, wife of JOHN H. DIETERICK, Frederick, Md. 
3. WM. S. MILLER, married Mary R. Buckey, now deceased. 

1. EVELYN, wife of Dr. A. W. FORD, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

2. GEORGE W. MILLER, Ellsworth, Iowa. 

3. DANIEL B. MILLER, Frederick, Md. 

4. ISABEL, wife of WM. N. MARTIN, Merchant, Kingston, 

New York. 

5. MARY R., wife of WM. P. DENEGRE, Manufacturer, 

Chestnut Hill, Pa. 


(Daughter of John Spengler.) 

Born May 20, 1794, baptized July 3, 1794, and died July 15, 
1854. Dr. Mcllvain was a son of John Mcllvain, Capt. of the Fifth 
Company, Third Battalion, York County Militia, and portion of 
the New Jersey Flying Camp. 

The Doctor was a native of Adams, then a part of York county, 
and was educated at Dickinson College. He moved to York about 
1 81 3, where he became a famous physician. In 18 16 and many 
years after, he was Surgeon of the 94th Regiment, Pennsylvania 
Militia. In 1818 he was Coroner, and State Senator in 1823, and 
was twice re-elected. He was a member of the Reception Com- 
mittee when Gen. Harrison visited York, and in 1840 a Presiden- 
tial Elector on the Harrison ticket, and in 1848 on the Taylor 
ticket. He resided on the north side of East Market street, second 
house west of Duke street. 

He died December 15, 1854, aged 71 years. He is buried in the 
Presbyterian churchyard, and on his monument is the following 
inscription: "In memory of Dr. William Mcllvain, aged 71 years. 
Here ends his busy and useful life; to the public a faithful servant; 
to his own people and his friends a sure rock of defence." Children: 

1. CAROLINE, wife of Dr. THEODORE N. HALLER, deceased, 

born January 10, 1815, and married May 3, 1836, by Rev. Robert 
Cathcart. The Doctor was ist Lieutenant of the "York Rangers," 


afterwards the "York Rifles,"^ and Lieut. Col. in 1834, of the 94th 
Regiment, 5th Division, Penna. Militia. The history of the York 
Rifles is given to show the military spirit and activity that per- 
vaded this community fifty years ago. The Doctor was also Pres- 
ident of the Springgarden Plank Road Company. He was born 
October 30, 1809, and died February 25, 1865. Their daughter 
7. JENNIE, is the wife of ANDREW A. CRAWFORD, 
Baltimore, Md. 

2. ELIZA ANN, wife of GEORGE UPP, deceased, born February 
28, 1817, married May i, 1837, ^^^ ^^^^ September 8, 1868. 

GER, deceased. Children: 
I. Harry M. Eichelberger. 2. Katie Eichelberger. 

2. MARY JANE, second wife of JOHN A. WEISER, de- 

ceased. See page 186. 


4. MARGARET JULIA, wife of HENRY R. HERR, de- 

ceased. Children : 

I. John Herr. 2. George Herr, 

3. Fannie Herr. 4. Lizzie Herr. 

9. VIRGINIA, wife of AMERICA JOHNSON, deceased. 

Children : 

I. Emma Johnson. 2. Louise Johnson. 


C. S. A., graduate of West Point and Assistant Adjutant-General 
on staff of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. He died at James City, Va., 
and was a brother to the late Lieutenant General R. S. Ewell, 
Confederate Army. Julia R. Ewell was born May 5, 1821, mar- 
ried April 16, 1839, ^^^^ ^^ 1894. Child: 

7. ELIZABETH S., wife of BEVERLY S. SCOTT, Wil- 
liamsburg, Va. 

4. SARAH C. McILVAIN, born July 25, 1822, baptized May 5, 
1823, d^^^ September 7, 1880. 

'App. Note 62. 


5. MARY LOUISE McILVAIN, born January 2, 1828, baptized 
August 17, 1828, died September 13, 1869. 

6. WM. A. McILVAIN, born March 22, 1826, York, died August 
5, 1895. 

7. JOHN EDWIN McILVAIN, born February 7, 1830, ist Lieut. 
87th Penna. Infantry, Assistant Surgeon Soldier's Home, Milwau- 
kee, Wis. 

8. MARIA JANE, wife of Dr. JAMES W. KERR, deceased,born 
March 17, 181 8. On James W. Kerr's monument in the Presby- 
terian churchyard is inscribed : "1840-1889. In memory of James 
W. Kerr, M. D. Superintendent 48 years. A tribute from the 
Sabbath School. He loved the children." Child: 

/. MARTHA, wife of Dr. W. F. BACON, York. 

WASHINGTON, 1843. ip. 206.) 
When Hon. Henry Nes was in Congress. 

View from the White House. 

Grand Review of the Union Armies. 

View from Same Point. 


tt^-^ ^^" 


(Daughter of Baltzer Spengler, Sr.) 

Born in 1740, and died November 25, 1825, aged 85 years. 
Francis Koontz died June 16, 1804, aged 64 years. They lived 
on South Beaver street where the Burnham residence now stands. 
He was a member of the Third Company, Third Battalion, York 
County Militia in the Revolutionary War. 

" YORK COUNTY SS. Oct. 19, 1785. 

To John Hay, Esq., Treasurer, 
Sir, Please pay to Frantz Koonts Two Shillings for killing a Red Fox, the scalp of 
which he produced to me and proved his having killed the same in this 
County. WM. SCOTT. 

The same day Rec'd the above in full. 

francis koontz. 

Children of Francis Koontz: 

1. George Adam Koontz. . "' , 

2. John Koontz. 

3. Jacob Koontz. 

4. Michael Koontz. 


Born February 11, 1777, baptized March 30, 1777, died in York, 
1 8 16. He was a hatter. Children: 

1. FRANCIS KOONTZ, Jr., Seven Valley, Pa., dead. In 1824 
his hand was mangled by the premature discharge of a cannon. 
Wife Elizabeth. Children : 

/. CATHERINE, wife of LEWIS H. SUDICK, York. 
2. GEORGE KOONTZ, Seven Valley, Pa. 

2. ELIZA, wife of WM. JACKSON, married April 22, 1830, and 
died at Towsontown, Md. Children : 

/. ARABELLA, wife of JOHN DUNNING, Towsontown. 
2. LUCY, wife of ALEXANDER PARLETT, Baltimore,Md. 


J. ELLEN, wife of CHARLES WLSSNER, Baltimore, Md. 


5. AMELIA, wife of JOHN VANHORN, Washington, D. C. 

3. MARGARET, wife of AMBROSE GENTHER, Lock Haven, 
Pa., married July 26, 1832, both dead. He was born October i, 
1809, and died November 29, 1884. Children: 


2. BAYARD GENTHER, Sunbury, Pa. 

J. WM. GENTHER, Philadelphia, Pa. 

4. ELLEN, wife of WM. SEDAN, Lock Haven, Pa. 

4. AMELIA, wife of WM. LEE, married November 30, i830,and 
both died in Baltimore, Md. Children: 

/. GEORGE LEE. 2. ALBERT LEE, dead. 

6. SUSAN LEE, Baltimore, Md. 


Born January 2, 1770, and died July 2, 1836. His wife, Anna 
Maria, was born 1785, died March 25, 1857. He was innkeeper 
of the Black Horse Hotel, and afterwards of the Washington 
House, East Market street. Children : 

1 . GEORGE KOONTZ, deceased. Children : 

/. JOHN KOONTZ, dead. 

2. GEORGE L. KOONTZ, York, Company I, nth Penna. 

Cavalry, and Company F, i66th Penna. Infantry. 

2. CHARLOTTE, wife of ANTHONY ECK, succeeded John 
Koontz as proprietor of the Washington House, and upon his 
death in 1843, aged 43 years, his wife conducted it until 1864. 
Children : 

/. WETER ECK, died November 2, 1881, aged 36 years. 
2. JOHN A. ECK, York. 

J. AMANDA K. ECK, died March 31, 1862, aged 19 years 
and 6 months. 


3. SPANGLER KOONTZ, born January 8, i8oi, baptized March 
22, iSoi, died childless, February i8, 1829. 

4. AMANDA, wife of GEORGE W. LOUCKS, died April 16, 1841. 


He was a hatter. Children: 

1. JACOB KOONTZ, York, aged 87 years. Children: 


2. MARY, wife of SAMUEL RUTH. 

3. JENNIE, wife of JACOB SMITH. 

4. EMMA, wife of JOSIAH M. JONES. 


2. JOHN KOONTZ, dead. Children : 



4. GEORGE KOONTZ, Reading, Pa. 


Born November 13, 1778, baptized December 8, 1778, died June 
30, 1 82 1, childless. He was a hatter. 


(Daughter of Baltzer Spengler, Sr.) 

Johann Frantz Wilhelm Bickell married Maria Juliana Speng- 
ler, December 12, 1751. Moved out of the county towards the 
end of the last century. Children : 


Was a member of his uncle, Captain Rudolph Spengler's Com- 
pan}', also of the 7th Company, 3rd Battalion, in the Revolution- 
ary War. 




Born March 19, 1762, baptized April 5, 1762. 


After the most diligent efforts none of the descendants could be 


ANS GEORGE SPENGLER was born in Germany. 
The Spengler German genealogical tree does not disclose 
the relationship between him and Caspar, Henry, Balt- 
zer and George Spengler, aforesaid. His close associa- 
tion with the latter indicates a cousinship of some kind. He may 
have been a grandson of Jacob Spengler, of Schoeftland' Switzer- 
land, and if so, he was a first cousin of Caspar and his brothers. 
All efforts to obtain the names of the other children of Jacob, if 
any, from the civil authorities of Schoeftland, proved abortive. 

George Spengler arrived with his wife and children on the ship 
St. Andrew, at Philadelphia, in the beginning of September, 1751, 
and qualified the 14th of the same month. Upon his arrival in 
York county, he settled in Manchester township. His family con- 
sisted of his wife, Rosina, and children, George Michael, David 
and Elizabeth. What became of David and Elizabeth and their 
descendants, if any, the writer was unable to discover. They 
probably died unmarried. The will of George Spengler seems to 
indicate that both David and Elizabeth remained in Germany, 

George Spengler died in ]\Iarch, 1754, and Rosina, his wife, in 
April, 1767, 

George Spengler's Will, 

" IN THE NAME OF GOD AMEN, Whereas I George Spengler, of the Town- 
ship of Manchester in the Count)' of York and Province of Penns3lvania Yoeman, 
being at present very sick and weak in body but of perfect mind and sound memory, 
thanks be given to God, Do make and ordain this my last will and testament in 
manner following: 

1st. — I recommend my soul into the Hands of Almighty God hoping and believ- 
ing a Remission of my Sins, by the Merits and Mediation of Jesus Christ, and my 
body I commit to the earth to be buried in a Decent and Christian manner at the 
discretion of my Esecotors hereinafter named and as to such worldly estate with 
which it hath pleased God to bless me, I give and dispose of the same in the man- 
ner and form following viz. 

Imprimus, It is my will and I do order that in the first Place all my just Debts 
and Funeral charges to be paid and Discharged, — 


2nd. — I give devise and bequeath unto my Dearly beloved wife Rosina Spengler 
my Feather Bead and a Spinen Wheel aforehand. 

3rd. — It is my will and I do order that all my Estate shall be divided equally be- 
tween my said Beloved Wife Rosina Spengler, and my beloved sou George Michael 
Spengler, Everj- one of them the half of it, paying thereout, to my son David 
Spengler and to my daughter Elizabeth Spengler, to every one, one English Shil- 
ling Sterling because they have both had their Portion in Germany. 

4th. — It is my will and I do order that mj- Plantation shall be sold by my Execu- 
tors hereafter Named at the best price as the}' can get, and the Money thereof to 
be equally divided between my said Wife Rosina Spengler, and my said Son 
George Michael Spengler, and do give hereby full Power to my Executors to con- 
vey and confirm all sucli title and writing which shall be necessary to the buyer of 
my said Plantation. 

5th. — It is my will and I do order that my said Son George Michael Spengler, 
shall be sent to a Dutsh School to learn to Read and Write and afterwards to bind 
him out, to Learn a trade which he shall Like. 

6th. — It is my will that if my said Son George Michael Spengler. shall Dye be- 
fore my said Wife Rosina Spengler, without issue or wife then I give devise and 
bequeath unto my said Dearly beloved Wife all my aforesaid Estate to her heirs 
and assigns forever, but if my said wife should Dye before my said Son George 
Michael Spengler, without issue then I give devise and bequeath all of my afore- 
said Estate to my said Son, his heirs and assigns forever. 

Lastly, — I Constitute, Nominate and Appoint m)* beloved Wife Rosina Spengler, 
and my Beloved Friends Bernard Lowman, and George Kentz, to be Executors of 
my last Will and Testament and I do hereby writtenly Revoke and Disanul all and 
every other testament Will and Legacies and Etc. , by me in any ways before this 
time named Willed and bequeathed Ratifying and confirming this and no other to 
be my last Will and Testament. IN WITNESS Whereof I have herewith set my 
hand and seal the twenty sixth Day of January in the twenty seventh year his 
Magestys Reign Annoque Domini one thousand and seven hundred and fifty four 

said George Spengler as 
his last Will and Testament, in 
the presence of us the Subscribers Viz 


(Son of George and Rosina Spengler.) 

He was a Cordwainer by trade, and afterwards became an Inn- 
keeper. The records show that he was an extensive real estate 
owner in Yorktown. His first wife was Ann Elizabeth, daughter 
of Jacob Probst, and his second wife Christiana, daughter of Philip 
Voglesong, of Warrington township, York county. Pa. George 
Michael Spengler was Ensign of the 4th Company of York County 
Militia, which formed part of the New Jersey Flying Camp of 
1776.^ He was afterwards a member of the Seventh Company, 
Third Battalion, York County Militia.- 

In 1788 he kept the Inn at the southeast corner of Market 
and Water streets. Subsequently he moved to his farm in Para- 
dise township where he died in 1823. It may not be amiss here 
to give the tavern rates in the olden times, that the reader may 
know the drinks then imbibed, and compare the prices with those 
of to-day.^ 

George Michael Spengler's Children: 

1. Elizabeth Kesselring. 

2. Jacob Spangler. 

3. John Spangler. 

4. Michael Spangler. 

5. Charles Spangler. 

6. Daniel Spangler. 

7. George P. Spangler. 


Moved with her husband to the West. 

lApp. Note 14. 
2App. Note 34. 
^App. Note 63. 



Born March i8, 1777, died in Carlisle, Pa., 1852. Children 

1. JAMES W. SPANGLER, Carlisle, Pa. 

2. JOHN K. SPANGLER, Carlisle, Pa. 

3. KATE, wife of DAVID RHOADS, Altoona, Pa. 

4. EMANUEL SPANGLER, Carlisle, Pa. 

5. BENJAMIN K. SPANGLER, Carlisle, Pa. Company A, 130th 
Regt., Pa. Infantry; and present member of the State Legislature. 

6. WM. B. SPANGLER, Carlisle, Pa. 

7. LETITIA, widow of JAMES P. WILSON, Altoona, Pa. 


Baptized October 10, 1783, died in Abbottstown, Pa. Children: 





Born November 20, 17S5, died at East Berlin, Pa. Children 



Born January 28, 1792, died in Paradise township. Children; 



/. ANDREW SPANGLER, Bigmount, Pa. 

3. JACOB SPANGLER, Mountville, Pa. 

4. LUCY, wife of ISAAC HARE, Farmers, Pa. 

5. REBECCA, wife of _— LILLICH, Abbottstown, Pa. 


Born March 8, 1794, died in Dayton, Ohio. 



Born in York, Pa., August 5, 1779, and baptized Aug. 15, 1779. 
He learned the hatting trade in York, moved to Abbottstown, Pa., 
and there married Christina, daughter of Christiana Leab, first 
wife. His second wife was Catherine Myers. Children by first 

1. POLLY, wife of DANIEL BENDER, near East Berlin, Pa. 
They had four children, all dead. 

2. SARAH, wife of WILLIAM DEATRICK, Heidlersburg, Pa. 
Children : 



6. ELIZA, wife of WM. J. FUNK. All of Adams county. Pa. 
Children by second wife : 

3. CHARLES SPANGLER, merchant, of York, and a director of 
the Farmers' National Bank ; born November 24, 1815, died 
March 21, 1889. No issue. 

4. ELIJAH SPANGLER, merchant. East Berlin, Pa., died aged 
71-11-0. Married Miss Myers, of New Chester, Adams county, 
Pa. Second wife, Eliza Miller. Children by first wife : 

/. GEORGE P. SPANGLER, York, Co. I., 209th Regt. Pa. 
Children by second wife : 


5. SOLOMON SPANGLER, farmer, near E. Berlin, Pa. Children: 



4. IDA, wife of G. W. STRAYER, Dover, Pa. 

5. KATE, wife of Dr. LEWIS FACKLER, E. Berlin, Pa. 

6. ALEXANDER SPANGLER, Grain Merchant, Gettysburg, Pa. 
Married Miss Haywood, Rossville, York county. Pa. Children: 



3. A. FRANKLIN SPANGLER, East Orange, N. J. 

7. HAMILTON SPANGLER, died at the age of 17 vears. 


8. GEORGE W. SPANGLER, Merchant, Gettysburg, Pa. Mar- 
ried Charlotte Hantz, of York, Pa. No issue. 

9. MICHAEL SPANGLER, Merchant, Gett>'sburg, Pa. Married 
Matilda Myers, York, Pa. Died September 7, 1871, aged 35-8. 
No issue. 

10. HENRY E. SPANGLER, East Berlin, Pa. Stone Cutter, 
died, aged 52 years. ^Married Sallie Albert, of York county. Pa. 
Died childless. 

11. LYDL\, wife of JACOB BROUGH, Hartford City, Indiana. 
Dead, aged 70 years. Children : 


12. AMANDA, wife of JACOB STOUFFER, Lancaster county, 
Pa. Their only son Bertie, died when 3 years old. Her husband 
died, aged 67 years. 

13. CAROLINE, wife of JACOB GEISELMAN, East Berlin, Pa. 
Died at Houston, Texas. Children : 


14. ADALINE, wife of JOHN S. DIERDORFF, Bigmount, Para- 
dise township, York county, Pa. Died March 6, 1881, at the age 
of 52 years. Children: 






6. MINERVA, wife of JACOB C. MYERS. 

7. BELLE, wife of GEORGE P. JACOBS. 

8. ANNIE, wife of JACOB STEIN, McSherrystown, Pa. 

15. EMELINE SPANGLER, died at the age of 16 years. 

16. CATHERINE,wife of I. S. TROSTLE, Harrisburg, Pa. Chil- 

/. ANNA L., wife of SAMUEL L. SLOANE, Harrisburg. 
2. CHARLES A. TROSTLE, Harrisburg, Pa. 



While writing the genealogical part of this work, it occurred to 
the writer, that those who were pious and interested enough to 
ascertain their ancestors, would, in the nature of things, like to 
know their hardships and perils, customs, habits, pastimes and 
pleasures, as well as the local history contemporary with the 
periods in which they flourished. 

The present generation, in general, has little acquaintance with 
the inconveniences, privations and perils to which the early set- 
tlers were exposed, and the invincible fortitude with which these 
sacrifices were borne. They are too often forgetful of the fact that 
the present comforts, afiluence and prosperity were dearly bought 
by the sacrifices of these pioneers who went in advance of civiliza- 
tion. The unbroken forests were felled, and the wilderness sub- 
dued and converted into fruitful gardens only after incessant hard- 
ships and privations. 

It is necessary to look back constantly to the chronicles of the 
border contests, to realize that centuries have not yet passed since 
these flowing fields, and sites of happy and flourishing towns were 
often contested for hand to hand by the white and red man. It 
was only one hundred and forty-one years ago — following Brad- 
dock's defeat — that the increasing inroads of the lurking and sub- 
tle savages on the settlements in this and adjacent counties, com- 
pelled many of the inhabitants to abandon their farms, and con- 
gregate at the rude forts scattered along the frontiers where they 
could resist to more advantage the dangers which threatened them. 

The valiant and conspicuous part taken by our forefathers in 
the great Revolutionary struggle and subsequent wars, and their 
creditable participation in the local as well as general history', it 
was believed would also add considerable interest to this work. 

The biographical and historical sketches correct many errors of 
current history. Many of the facts are entirely new — notably the 
York county Revolutionary muster rolls and the local Revolution- 
ary correspondence. Many of the new facts — entirely or practi- 


cally new — were obtained after laborious and indefatigable re- 
search, from old York newspapers, found cobwebbed and dust- 
laden in unexplored garrets, from archives and rare and out-of- 
print publications in the public libraries of Harrisburg, Philadel- 
phia, Baltimore, Washington and New York, and from ancient 
local documents and manuscripts hitherto undiscovered or inac- 

The Pennsylvania Archives contain a great deal of valuable in- 
formation in regard to the Revolutionary war, and probably the 
portions most referred to are those containing the imperfect rosters 
of the many Pennsylvania regiments. Line and Militia, which 
have been of immense value to many of those desiring to join the 
various Revolutionary societies. But the Archives do not contain 
the names contained in the thirty-two muster rolls herein for the 
first time published. 

The writer has already supplied to many applicants for Revolu- 
tionary recognition, the names of their patriotic ancestors, found 
alone in these newly discovered lists. Hundreds, hitherto un- 
aware of their eligibility, will now be able to join these societies. 

The By-Laws of the Pennsylvania Society of the Sons of the 
Revolution, provide: "That when the claim of eligibility is based 
on the service of an ancestor in the 'Minute Men' or Militia, it 
must be satisfactorily shown that such ancestor was actually called 
into the service of the State or United States, and performed gar- 
rison or field dut}'." Kindred Revolutionary Societies require 
substantially the same essential prerequisites to membership. 

These pages show^, not counting the many York County com- 
panies and battalions attached to and incorporated with the regu- 
lar commands, that the York county militia proper were not mere 
"Home Guards," consigned to a condition of impotent passivity, 
but were frequently called into the service of the State or United 
States, marched to the field of war, and participated in some of 
the combats. 

Five battalions from York county, in 1776, marched to Eastern 
New Jersey to form the Flying Camp with the enemy within strik- 
ing distance. They aided in the defence of the fort at Paulus Hook 
opposite New York, and were engaged in the skirmishes at Amboy, 
and arrested the threatened invasion of New Jersey by the British on 


Stateti Island. Portions were at Wilmington, Delaware, in 1777, 
to repel the British invasion, and were engaged in the battles of 
Brandywine and Germantown ; they were on duty at Doylestown 
subsequent to these engagements. In 1778 they marched to the 
western frontier, Westmoreland county, Pa., to repel the incursions 
of the Indians and their English allies. In other Revolutionary 
emergencies they were called out by the State authorities. Some 
were engaged to guard prisoners to and from York and to and from 
Western Maryland and Virginia. The militia was also called into 
service during the Revolution to guard the many hundreds of Eng: 
lish and Hessian prisoners confined, in and around the historic town 
of York, in stockades, in relief of the regular troops so sorely needed 
at the front. In this capacity they were the equals of the regu- 
lars, and by their services the numerical efficiency of the armies 
in the field was unimpaired. 

The objects of the Revolutionary societies are to perpetuate 
the memory of the men who, by their services and sacrifices, 
achieved the independence of the American people; to inspire 
them and the community with a more profound reverence for the 
principles of the free government; to encourage the study of 
American history; to acquire ancient documents and relics, mark 
sites and erect memorials ; and to carry out the purposes expressed 
in the preamble of the Constitution of the country and the injunc- 
tions of Washington in his Farewell Address. 

By an affiliation with these patriotic societies, the descendants 
will contribute their share in revering the memory of valorous 
forbears, who went to the front at the "times that try men's 
souls," to fight for that freedom which is the birthright of men 
worthy of being free. 


(page I.) 

The Discovery of the Spengler Kin in Germany. 


Selections from the Foreign Correspondence. 

/"T^HE first three of the subjoined letters were in answer to 
inquiries made before the writer obtained a clue to the 
foreign residence of the immigrant Spenglers, as stated 
in the first introduction. 
In the letter of Prot. Hans Von Schubert the assumption that 
the Spenglers who emigrated to America came from the Nurem- 
berg branch, is discredited, (i) for the reason that they are not 

mentioned in his fami- 
ly papers, (2) because 
the christian name Bal- 
thaser and Caspar are 
quite unusual in this 
branch. "But," he 
says, "it is not entirely 
impossible, as not all 
the side lines are car- 
ried out." 
ARRIVAL IN AMERICA. ("Id print) j^ ^,^g ^^^ Contended, 

by the writer, in December, 1894, that the York county Spengler 
ancestors belonged to the Nuremberg branch, for at that time he 
had not located their German domicile. It is true that the names 
Balthasar and Caspar do not appear in the Nuremberg pedigree as 
at first furnished, but of their German christian names, Johann 
Balthasar and Hans Kaspar, Johann and Hans frequently appear. 
In order to obtain the fullest information, the writer returned 
the Nuremberg tree to the U. S. Consul to have the "side lines" 
carried out, which was done; and they unmistakably show that 
Hans Rudolf Spengler, of Weiler, the father of the York county 


immigrant Spenglers, was a descendant of the Nuremberg family. 
In the "side lines carried out," the christian names Hans, Johann, 
George, Philipp, Anna Maria and Margaretha are also quite familiar 
names in the Weiler-American branch, and they are removed but 
two generations from the Weiler ancestor. 

The third and fourth letters disclose the fact that "Weyler 
(Weiler) under Steinsburg" is not within the confines of the Pal- 
atinate as now constituted, but was subsequently discovered by the 
writer to be in Baden. 

The fifth and sixth letters show that Jacob Spengler was not a 
native, but merely a ^'•citizen'''' of Schoeftland, Switzerland. 

The seventh letter relates to information subsequently conveyed 
by pastor Fuchs, and will be found in the section entitled " The 
Spengler Ancestors of Germany."^ The eighth, ninth, tenth, 
twelfth and thirteenth letters explain themselves. 

In the eleventh letter the Nuremberg Consul states that the 
name Jacob Spengler was not found in the Nuremberg archives. 
The theory advanced by Martin Spengler of Weiler, that Jacob 
himself was probably a native of Nuremberg, was erroneous. It 
was Jacob's father, Hans^ born 1594, "who left his native land," 
Nuremberg, and settled in Switzerland. That Hans was the 
father of Jacob and emigrated to Switzerland, is plainly indicated 
by the Nuremberg Spengler family tree (not discussed by the 
consul at Nuremberg in his letter), and is corroborated by every 
presumption of fact. 

Letter No. i. 

United States Consui,ate, \ 

Mannheim, Gy., December 14th, 1894. j 

E. \V. Spangler, Esq., Attorney-at-L,aw. 

Dear Sir: — Your letter dated December ist, addressed to the Mayor of the U. S. 
Consul here, has been handed to me for further attention. 

I have looked over the names of the City Directory, but could not find the name 
of "Spangler" mentioned therein. 

Also have I not been able to find out from the Mititary Authorities whether any 
Mayor " Spangler " belongs to the German Army. 

I have been informed that a Mr. Burger whose address I will give you below, 
may take and investigate your matter. 

lAnte.p. I. 


Should you desire him to do so, you can write and arrange with him direct as to 
his charges for taking up your matter. 

I am yours respectfully, 

The address of Mr. Burger is: "Karl Burger, Esq., Deutsch-Amerikanisches 
Incasso Geschaft, Karlsruhe, Baden, Gy." 

Eetter No. 2. 

Karlsruhe, Baden, January 15, 1895. 
Mr. E. W. Spangler: 

Your esteemed dated 24th ult. is at hand a ad I learn from it that you desire to 
get information concerning a family 

especially concerning their ancestry and relationship, — I am, of course quite will- 
ing to take the matter in hand, but since by reason of the very meagre records 
and also in order to reach satisfactory results, advertisements must be published in 
various newspapers and also an extensive correspondence must be conducted with 
various officials at different places who as a rule impart information only in con- 
sideration of fees necessitating no doubt considerable expense, I would for the 
present ask you to kindly place at my disposal the sum of ^100.00. 

It is needless to say that at the proper time I shall place in your hands detailed 
account of all expenses together with the vouchers. My own charge will be in 
proportion to the labors entailed and the time expended in your service which can- 
not be very well determined beforehand. They will however be moderate. 

You may rest assured that I shall do my very best in this matter, and awaiting 
further welcome communications from you, I would yet respectfully submit that I 
have not yet fully mastered the English language, wherefore you will please, if 
possible conduct the correspondence with me in the German language. 

Most respectfull)', 


Letter No. 3. 

United States Consui,ate at Nuremberg, \ 
Bavaria, January 22nd, 1895. j 

E. W. Spangler, Esq., 

Sir: — I am in receipt of your letter of December ist, 1894, and in reply would 
say, that the archives of this City do not show, that any members of the Spengler 
family who resided in this city ever emigrated to the United vStates. I found in 
the archives a family tree of the Spengler family, a copy of which I obtained and 
which copy I enclose you herewith. It ends about the year 1 729, and it is possible 
that this tree may give you some clue. 

I made a very thorough investigation and while doing so I found that there is a 
descendant of the Spengler family living at Kiel, namely. Professor Dr. Hans von 
Schubert. I communicated with him and give you herewith a translation of the 
material part of his letter which I received in answer to my inquiry: 






Translation of the letter of Professor Dr. Hans von Schubert at 
Kiel, Germany: 

"According to the family papers now in my possession the Spenglers who emi- 
grated to America do not belong to this branch. However it is not entirely impos- 
sible as not all the side lines are carried out. But it seems improbable as the 
christian names Balthasar and Caspar are quite unusual in this branch. 

"The Nuremberg vSpenglers whose most celebrated member was Lazarus Speng- 
ler, Rathschreiber (City Clerk) and one of the supporters of the Reformation, 
came to Nuremberg in the 15th century from Donauworth. First of all I would 
mention here, that the name Speugler may have originated at several places inde- 
pendent from each other, as the name Spengler means in German 'Klempner,' 
that is a 'tinman ;' the same is the case with names such as ' Schumacher,' ' Miil- 
ler,' 'Schmidt,' 'Meier,' etc. It seems, therefore, almost impossible to find out 
any connection between Spenglers who in the beginning of the i8th century emi- 
grated to America and of whom family papers, family trees, do not exist, and any 
of the Spengler families who live in Germany. There are also Spenglers in Dres- 
den and in Hamburg. I know also, that there is a family Speagler livmg at Mann- 
heim, one of this branch, a Dr. A. Spengler, was, as I hear from my colleague. 
Prof. Peterson, founder of the cure-resort Davos in Switzerland. It may be, that 
the American Spenglers are descendants of this line, as you write that they emi- 
grated from the Rheinpfaltz. Otherwise I would believe', that the American Speng- 
lers are descendants of the Holland branch.- It is true, that these Holland Speng- 
lers originated from the Nuremberg tree, as I have proofs of that in my family 

"I should be glad if this proves of any use to you. Should the American Speug- 
ler be inclined to express his gratitude he could do that best by ^contributing some- 
thing from his fortune in order that I may issue the works of the celebrated Lazarus 
Spengler, which I am just about to do. 

"Please ask your friend whether the American Spenglers are in possession of 
old family papers. Only through these could something be found ont." 

I acknowledge the receipt of the $1 .00 you enclosed to me towards the expenses 
and beg to say, that I make a further charge of I5.00 for the work done, which you 
will be kind enough to retnit me by postal money order. 

Yours truly. 

Enclosure as above. WM. J. BLACK, U. S. Consul. 

I^ETTER No. 4. 

Unite;d States Consui^ate, "I 

Mannheim. Germany, February i, 1895. f 
E. W. Spangi^er, Esq., 

Dear Sir: — On receipt of your letter, dated January 18th, I wrote and requested 
the Burgernieister at Weyler, Unter Steinsberg, — Pfalz, to kindly let me have 
whatever information he can ascertain about the family history of the vSpenglers; 
at the saaie time giving him translated copies of the letters you wrote to me. 

To-day the above-mentioned letters have been returned to me from the Post 
Office authorities, marked delivered, which proves that there must be a mistake 


in the address named in your last letter. I will enclose herein the original envelope 
that you may see the same, and will if you can find out and let me have the name 
of the birth-place of the " Spenglers;" write again to the proper authorities of the 
place, to kindly let me have, whatever information the}' can find out in regard to 
your matter. 

On the same day, I also wrote to I\Ir. Burger at Karlsruhe, asking him, why he 
has not answered your letters. 

The following day, I received his reply, saying that at the time he received your 
letter, he had to attend to very important matters and that he had written to you, 
already about two weeks ago. I am yours truly, 

One enclosure. MAX GOLDFINGER, U. S. Consul. 

Letter No. 6. 

Letter No. 5. 

United States ConsuIvATe at Nuremberg, 1 
Bavaria, February 26th, 1895. j 

E. W. Spangler, Esquire, 

Sir: — I have the pleasure to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 8th 
instant and also the post office money order for $5. — , payment for the services 
rendered, for which I thank you. 

You say that Weyler under Steinsberg is the place from which the Spenglers 
emigrated and is in the Palatinate (Rheinpfalz). I cannot find any place in the 
Palatinate bearing either one of these names, in Schwabisch Bavaria there are 4 
places by the name of Weiler, and there is only one place in Bavaria by the name 
of Untersteinsberg, and that is situated in Xeiderbayern, (Lower Bavaria) near the 
Bohemian border. 

The word "Weiler in German means a very small village and it may be, that 
you intended it to be read " Weiler— the small village of— Untersteinsberg. " 

If the place to which you refer should be in the Rheinpfalz you would have to 
address yourself to the United States Consul at Mannheim, the Rheinpfalz being 
in his district and not in mine. Yours truly, 


United States Consul, 

Letter from Pastor Fuch.s to the Pastor of Schoftland, Switzer- 

HiLSBACH, District Sinsheim, Grand \ 
Duchy of Baden, March 4, 1895. J 

Highly Respected Colleague: 

During the past 160 years many of my brethren " Spengler " emigrated from my 
pastorate to America. A descendant of the family lately requested information 
concerning the origin of the familj-. 

The Reformed Marriage Record Book (Weiier of this place) of the year 1678, 
contains the following: " On the i6th of July, Hans Rudolf Spengler, v. Weiler, 


a son of Jacob Spengler formerly a citizen of Schefflanden, Dist. Bern, was married 
to Judith, etc., etc." 

This Hans Rudolf Spengler is ancestor (Stammhalter) of the Hilsbach-Weiler 
and American families of Spengler; and I entreat you, respected colleague, kindly 
to furnish me information concerning him — his birthday, ancestry, and how far 
back the family can be traced in your church records, and if any of the family are 
still found in your congregation. 

Send bill for services, and I will remit by return post. 

Hoping you will give this matter j'our earliest attention, I am, with thanks in 
advance . With much respect, 

W. FuCHS, Ev. Pastor. 

The Reply. 

By request of the pastoral head of this place, the records of the parish have been 

There is without a doubt a mistake (or exchange) in the name of the locality, 
as in the 7 congregations of the parish of Schoftland the family named Spengler 
does not occur. Respectfully, 

ScHoFTivAND, April 8, 1894. Office Civil Station. 

I^ETTER No. 7. 

United States Consulate. 
Mannheim, Gy., April ist, 1895. 
E" W. Spangler, Esq., 

Dear Sir: — Your favor of March 21st came duly to hand. No doubt you will be 
in receipt by this time of my letter dated March 12th wherein I enclosed the letter 
from the Biirge meister of Weiler. 

From the information contained therein you will see that your matter is being 
attended to by Pastor Fuchs of Hilsbach. 

Weiler being located out of this Consulate District you should correspond direct 
with Pastor Fuchs and look to him for all further attention in )'Our matter. 

I am yours truly, 


Letter No. 8. 

Zeist (Holland), July 28th, 1895. 
E. W. Spangler, Esq., 

Dear Sir: — My aunt, Mrs. Spengler, formerly living at Utrecht, now at Zeist 
near that town, received your letter of July loth, and has charged me to answer it. 
Her late husband, Rudolf Cornelis Spengler, in fact possessed a history of the 
Spengler family, but after his death it came to a younger brother, who is absent 
travelling now. When he comes home however, your letter will be forwarded to 
him, and I don't doubt he will try to find out who the Spenglers you mentioned 


were. I, for my part, have a doubt whether anything concerning the Spenglers 
from Switzerland, will be found in that history. So far as I remember from having 
seen it once or twice many years ago, it deals with the story of the Spenglers who 
traced their origin to Austria, in the times of Frederick Barbarossa, and who in the 
later middle ages settled in Nuremberg where Lazarus Spengler, a friend of Luther, 
was a man of importance at the time of the Reformation . Some of them left Nur- 
emberg for Meissen in Saxony, while at a later period a branch of that family set- 
tled in Silesia, and another in the i8th century, in the Netherlands. People of 
the name of Spengler are at the present time living in Switzerland; there is a Doc- 
tor Spengler at Davos-Platz (Canton Graubiinden), but I have always supposed 
them to be a separate family from the Austrian-Nuremberg Spenglers, descendants 
of whom are now living in Holland . At least on the old wooden bridge at Lucerne, 
w^here I found among many other inscriptions the name recorded of a Spengler, 
who was in his time a burgomaster or something else of that place, his armorial 
bearings are depicted as quite different from those which successive German Em- 
perors granted to the Spenglers I am related to. 

I would therefore think it probable that information about the Swiss Spenglers 
could best be obtained from the members of that family still living there. 

Believe me truly yours, 


Letter No. 9. 

Davos, SwiTzerIvAND, August ist, 1895. 
E. W. Spangler, Esq., York, Pa., 

Dear Sir: — In repl}' to your letter d.d. July loth I give you the following in- 
formation . 

My great-great-grandfather went from Lauterbach to Holland; one of his sons 
returned to Germany and was my great-grandfather. I was born at Mannheim in 
1827. As to the family of Jacob Spengler of SchefHauden and the other Spenglers 
you are after, I regret not to be able to give you any information . 

Truly yours, 

Dr. a. Spengler, Sr. 

Letter No. io. 

St. Gall, Switzerland, 9th August, 1895. 
E. W. Spangler, Esq., York, Penn'a., 

Dear Sir: — You favored me with your letter of the 15th last month and I will 
try to answer in your language though little accustomed to it . 

After many searches in this town principally near the chancery of the House of 
Commons I learned that the family Spengler had many representatives in the past 
centuries in this town . But there is no branch which would conduct to the person 
of Jacob Spengler at Schoftland which you seek, Schoftland belongs now to 
Aargau, but belonged before to Bern. The families of Spengler belong to the old 
generation at Bern (already 1294) St. Gall (1364) Luzern and Basel (15th century) 
Aarau and Lonzberg (this town L., is in the proximity of Schoftland, 1631 and 


1693 Jakob and Johannes Spengler were their mayors) then at Ravensburg, Frei- 
burg, in Baden, Nuremberg, etc. They are also known at Zurich, Schaffhausen, 
and Thurgau . 

The Spengler ennobled at St. Gall was the son of the Mayor Jacob vSpengler, 
named Nicolaus. He was ennobled for his merits in the battles in Ungurn against 
the Turks. 

Hoping that these news may serve to you to reach your aim I remain 

Dear Sir, yours respectfully, 

Ferd Spengler, 
care of the St. Gallische Kantonal Bank. 

My father was born at Lautenbach near Weinheim, Baden . 

My father was tutor at Mannheim, Baden . I have four brothers and four sisters, 
all married. 

Names of my brothers: 

A. Spangler, Doctor at Davos ( Graubiinden ) H. Spengler, pastor at Ettlingen 
near Karlsruhe (Baden), K. Spengler, at Winterthur (13 children), Aug. Spengler, 
at London, and my family has 11 children. 

From the old generation of Spenglers at St . Gall exists only one descendant 
who lives at Zurich . 

Letter No. h. 

United States Consulate at Nuremberg, ") 
Bavaria, October loth, 1895. j 

E. W. Spangler, Esq., Attorney-at-Law, York, Pa. 

Sir: — I am in receipt of your letters of September 21st and 23rd, and in reply 
would say that I have duly carried out the side-lines of the family-tree as requested, 
but I have not been able to find any trace in the archives of this city of Jacob 
Spengler who, you say, is believed to have been driven out of Nuremberg during 
the Thirty Years war. Upon inquiry at the parsonage where the records of that 
time are kept, I was informed, that a thorough search of the registers of birth, mar- 
riage and death would involve an outlay of at least ^10.00, and it would be necessary 
for you to name the exact period of time through which you desire the search to 
be made, as well as the full name of the person whose genealogy y..u seek, as these 
old registers are without indices, and sometimes written in an ancient and very 
peculiar handwriting. With all this, however, it is very uncertain whether any 
satisfactory results would follow— but it is the only way you can discover with any 
certainty the residence or non-residence of a person in this city . 

As to your request contained in your second letter I have been more successful. 
I found in the City Archives the following memorandums, written by an unknown 
author concerning one Hans Spengler and his descendants, which might prove 
useful to you in your further investigation, viz. : 

Hans Spengler, born 1491, was a son of George Spengler and Agnes Ulmerin. 
His wife was Barbara, daughter of Hans Ubel of Konigsberg, in Franken, he died 
in 1545. His children were: 
I Gabriel. 2 Lorenz 3 Hieronimus born in 1502. 4 Anna. 5 Sebald. 6 Hans. 

Hieronimus, son of Hans Spengler and Barbara Ubelin, born 1502, was " Fahn- 


drich" in the year 1528. His wife was Barbara, daughter of Hans Loschge. Of 
her he had : 

I Dorothea. 2 Margaretha. 

Johannes Sinapius, in "Schlesischer Curiositaten," I. part, page M 1022, reports: 

"That this Hieronimus Spengler became Captain under Emperor Charles V. 
and, in Flanders, in the year 1540, (20 Februarj'), was raised to the nobility 'by 
reason of his valuable and brave services.'" Sinapius says that his wife's name 
was Barbara von Kosthageu, not lyoschgen as above said, and that of her he had: 

3. Hieronimus von Spengler, Lieutenant under Emperor Maximilian I. His wife 
was Catherina Wollerin of INIolsdorf. Of her he had a son, Adam von Speng- 
ler, Fandrich, under Emperor Rudolf I. His wife was Margaretha von Burgers 
of Austria. Of her he had a son, Adam von Spengler, Inspector at Brixzen, in 
der Mark, he died in 1665, (March 17th). His wife was Anna Morizin, of Treuen- 
brixzen, born 1627, died 1678. Of her he had: 

I. Jacob von Spengler, he became in i68r, " Churfiirstlich Sachs General Audi- 
tor Lieutenant." His wife was Maria Catherine Theresia von Hentschel. He 
died at Breslau, December 27th, 1719, so writes Sinapius. 

2 Adam von Spengler. 3. Nicholaus Spengler. 

Besides the foregoing I found the following notes which might be of interest to 
you, viz . : 

Lazarus Spengler, bom 1552, died 1618, was "Procurator" in Nuremberg. 

Christopher Spengler, born 27 May, 1608, died 21 July, 1668, was " Handels- 
mann " in Leipzig. 

August Spengler, born 16 September, 1663, died 28 May, 1730, was "Handels- 
mann Kirchenvorsteher " in Budissin. 

Philip Spengler, Vjorn 9 October, 1600, emigrated to foreign lands. 

Philip Jacob Spengler, born 3 May, 1556, left his native land. 

Hans Spengler, born 1594, left his native land. 

The keeper of the Archives of this city has apprised me, that this information is 
all that can be discovered in the records of that office bearing upon the subject of 
Spengler and his descendants. 

My charges for the work involved in his report am.ount to fifty marks which you 
will be kind enough to remit me by postal money order. 

Respectfully yours. 

Enclosure— Family-tree. WM. J. BLACK, U.S. Consul. 

Letter No. 12. 

HoTSL TO THE SuN, JOSEPH Spengler, Proprietor. ^^ 
LuzERN, Switzerland, October 17, 1895. 1 

Dear Sir: — In answer to your letter I can inform you that there is still a large 
Spengler family here. I am sorry to say, however, that I have not a very good 
knowledge of our family records. By far the greater number of the Spenglers are 
still living in Horn, Canton Luzern. How they got there, however, I do not 

Enclosed I send you two seals, one of Melchior Spengler, and theother of Joseph 
Spengler, my sainted grandfather and father respectively, who also hailed from 


Horn, but acquired citizenship in the city of Luzern where I still perform the 
functions of host in the Hotel of the Sun, my grandfather's old homestead. 

From the enclosed seals you may perhaps be able to find out whether we are 
the Spengler family you are seeking. Most respectfully yours, 

Joseph Spengler. 

The seals above mentioned represent the crest of Joseph Speng- 
ler's branch — Gules, monk affrontee, &c., a variation of the Nu- 
remberg Spengler crest; showing their Nuremberg origin. The 
St. Gall, Switzerland, Spengler family crest is entirely different 
from the above, having been granted for later service as shown in 
letter No. lo. Letter No. ii, however, shows that the St. Gall 
Spenglers belong to the Nuremberg tree. 

IvETTER No. 13. 

Weii,ER Baden, October 22nd, 1895. 
Most Esteemed Cousin: 

I desire to let you know that for several weeks past I have been in receipt of 
your welcome letter, in which you informed me that you had received the pictures 
of the Spengler house and church, and that 15 Marks of the money sent should go 
to Rev. Fuchs. A few days later the money arrived and I carried out your in- 
structions in regard to the minister. 

The name of our church I cannot give you as yet, as nobody around here knows 
it and I must await the result of the investigation of Rev. Fuchs among the 
Archives of the church where no doubt it will be found. (Remark of the trans- 
later: Very likely it will not be found for the simple reason that village churches 
in Germany have no special names as is the case in this country). The four 
brothers were members of the Evangelical (Lutheran) church. 

I am sorry to say that I received no information as yet from Schoftland, Switzer- 
land, although it is about lo weeks since I wrote to the civil authorities there, 
asking for information, assuring them at the same time that they would be paid 
for their trouble. I would have gone there myself, but for the great distance, the 
distance being from 90 to 100 hours (270-300 miles) . 

In conclusion I would most heartily thank you for the money sent me for the 
pictures hoping that they will always keep alive in you the remembrance of your 
dear German home-stead. 

Trusting that this letter will find you in the best of health, I remain with many 
greetings from dear mother, sisters and brothers and all the relations; in true 
friendship . Yours, 

Martin Spengler. 

As to other letters of Martin Spengler, see pp. 7 to 11. 

NOTE 2. 


Lazarus Spengler. 

A Distinguished Author and Reformer. Coadjutor of 

jMartin Luther. His Description of the 

Diet at Wor:\is. 

THE most distinguished of the German Spenglers was the 
elder Lazanis Spengler, of Nuremberg, born 1479, died 
1534, He was one of the most noted, courageous and 
learned men of his time — a famous author and composer 
of hymns. He was one of the supporters of Luther at the Diet of 
Worms, and his description of the debaucher}^ and dissipation of 
the dissolute clergy at that famous convocation is the most graphic 
extant. The subjoined letter of ^Martin Luther to him, found in 
Luther's published works, and the biographical sketch of this re- 
markable man was discovered in the Astbr Librar}', New York. 
His biography was published by Hansdorff. Nuremberg, 1741; 
by Pressel, Elberfeld, 1862; and his complete works are about to 
be published by a Spengler scion, Professor Dr. Hans von Schu- 
bert, of Kiel, Germany. 

Dr. ]\L4rtin Luther's Letter to Lazarus Spengler. 

" Explanatory Remark:— The Elector apparent, John Frederick, had caused 
a golden seal ring to be made by a Nuremberg artist, and on his return from Augs- 
burg presented it to Luther . Very likeh' it is this seal ring which Luther de- 
scribes and explains to his friend, Lazarus Spengler, the Secretary of the City 
Council of Nuremberg . It showed a cross in a heart in the centre of a white rose." 

"Grace and Peace in Christ. 
Honorable, Affectionate, Dear Sir and Friend: 

Since your wish to know whether my seal ring was well done I will let you 
know my first thoughts I had regarding the same, as a characteristic of my the- 
ology. In the first place it was to be a cross, black, in the heart having its 
natural color, in order that I might remind myself that faith in the Crucified saves 
us; for with the heart man believeth unto righteousness. But though it be a 


black cross, mortifying, and it must, indeed mortify, yet leaves the heart its true 
color, does not destroy nature, that is, it does not kill, but keeps alive. For, the 
just shall live by faith, but by faith in Christ crucified. This heart, however, is to 
be in the centre of a white rose, in order to indicate that faith gives joy, consola- 
tion, and peace, in a word, places one in a white cheering rose, not as the world 
gives peace and joy; therefore the rose is to be white and not red, since white is 
the color of the spirits and of all angels. This rose is standing in a sky-colored 
(azure) panel, because such ioy in the spirit and faith is a beginning of the future 
heavenly joy now, indeed, already therein contained and grasped by hope, but 
not yet revealed. And in this panel a golden ring indicating that such bliss in 
heaven is to continue forever, having no end, and at the same time is precious 
above all joys and riches as gold is the highest, most precious metal. Christ our 
dear Lord be with your spirit until the life that is to come, Amen" 

Ex Eremo Grubok, 8 Julii MDXXX. 

I. i. e. "from the Desert Grubok- Koburg inverted." 

From People's Library containing select writings of Dr. M . Luther, Vol. 8, p. 2§. 

Concordia Publishing House, St. Louis, Mo. 

Lazarus Spengler's Biography. 

From the Allgemeine Deutsche Biographic, Vol. XXXV, ii8. (Translation. ) 

"Lazarus Spengler, Secretary to the Town Council of Nuremberg, and the zeal- 
ous promotor of the Reformation, was born at Nuremberg on the 13th of March, 
1479^. He was the ninth child of his parents, George Spengler, Town-clerk to the 
City Council of Nuremberg, and his wife Agnes Ulmer. At the age of sixteen he 
went to the University of Leipzig to study law, but returned after two years with- 
out having completed his studies. His father had meanwhile died, and owing to 
the number of children in the family, and the lack of means, he could not go back 
to the University. In order to earn his daily bread and that of his family, he took 
employment in the chancelery of his native town and in 1507 was appointed to the 
laborious and responsible post of first clerk of the Council. In 15 16 his nomina- 
tion to membership in the Great Council of the City followed, and with an increase 
in the influence, already great, which he exercised in that body, to such an extent 
that in all weighty city matters, and especially in the prevailing innovations in 
religious afi"airs, nothing was decided upon without his advice. He was an indus- 
trious, conscientious, and studious man, who carefully noted the signs of the times 
and followed their drift with a true grasp. Notwithstanding the continually in- 
creasing work of his office he found leisure for literary occupations, and a bright 
and busy correspondence with similar minded friends, especially with Albert 
Diirer. In 1514 he translated the life of the Blessed Hieronymus, his patron, into 
German . 

"In 1520 he made public the ' Good sensible teaching and advice ' which he had 
gradually collected, and which consisted of German proverbs, Latin sentences and 
German rhymes, applied to the separate virtues, and entitled ' Exhortation and 
Direction to a Virtuous Walk in Life; by Lazarus Spengler.' Many short and 
long jocose and bantering poems, still extant, testify to his friendship for the great 
painter, Diirer. But the Reformation first gave him the opportunity to develop 
his gifts and capabilities. His native city, which sheltered citizens distinguished 


above many others for their wealth and education, became soon after Luther's ap- 
pearance upon the scene, a firm rallying point for the new movement. Hierony- 
mus Ebner, Hieronymus Ilolzschuher, Christopher Schaurl, Anthony Andreas and 
Martin Tucher, Sigismund and Christopher Fiirer, Albrecht Diirer and Lazarus 
Speugler formed that host of polished and talented men which rallied around John 
Stumpf during his visit to Nuremberg in 1512 to 1516, and received from him the 
first impulse towards the acceptance of the evangelical teaching. After Stanpitz 
left Nuremberg, Winscelas Link, like Stanpitz, an Augustinian monk, and friend 
of Luther, became the center of the movement . They assembled frequently in the 
Augustinian Convent, and hence gladly called themselves, after first taking the 
name of Stanpitzinians, Augustinians. They were won over to Luther through 
Link before the former had made public his theses. When these were made 
known, and Luther stopped twice at Nuremberg on his way to Aug.sburg, this cir- 
cle of friends met him with inspiring sympathy. 

"Spengler, however, whose forceful nature being deeph' stirred, was impelled to 
aid the bold but despised Wittenberg Augustinian monk with noble testimony. 
He composed the 'The christian and protecting answer of a lover of godly truth as 
set forth in the holy ^Yrit to sundry opponents, and why Dr. Martin Luther's 
teaching should not be thrown aside as unchristian, but should be received; an 
open apology for Luther, 1519.' 

"The natural consequences followed; Spengler, with Pirckheimer, Luther, 
Karbstadt and many others were put under ban which Eck, the papal Prothono- 
tary and Nuncio laid upon Luther's followers after the debate at Leipsic in Sep- 
tember, 1520. Spengler and Pirkheimer were neither so well founded in their 
evangelical belief, nor so sure of their position at home, as to be able to brave the 
papal fulminatioiis. After all the attempts at reconciliation made at first through 
the mediation of the Bishop of Bamberg, then by that of the Duke of Bavaria, and 
finally by a direct appeal to the Pope, had failed, they determined to apply 
directly to their fated adversary. After many difficulties pardon was finally 
granted, but only in the harshest form, that of the absolutio simplex : i. e., after 
recantation of the heresies they had been accused of, and after giving pledge under 
oath that they would yield faith and obedience to the church. This was on the 
1st of February, 1521. 

"In 1521 Spengler was present at the Diet of Worms on behalf of the council, and, 
through Luther's example, reaffirmed his religious faith, which, for a moment, had 
wavered. His account of the transactions there, is one of the clearest and most 
pertinent which we possess. Above all he complains of the want of faith which 
he finds prevalent among the clergy as well as the laity. The greater part of 
the time of the Diet, and especially during the sacred forty days fast, up to the 
Week of the Martyrs,' was consumed in daily banqueting, drinking-bouts and 
games, and ' this by those who should have had some sense of shame, especially 
the foremost prelates (I will go no further).' At a single meal, and that ' during 
the whole fast, more than forty costly dishes were daily served.' 

"A prominent member of the clergy lost, at play, in one week, the sum of 3400 
florins ; another gentleman of high rank ' 60,000 florins at one sitting, and the 
winner lost the entire sum at a single entertainment. Sundry gentlemen and no- 
blemen, to the number of seventy-two, drank, in one night, at a certain banquet, 
tw^elve hundred French measures of wine.' 

"He naturally took part with Luther against Rome and the defenders of the 



Papacy. In these matters lyUther behaved so bravely, honorably and like a chris- 
tian, that I think the Romanists would have given many thousand florins if they 
had not summoned him to this place (Worms), and had not seen or heard him. 

"If he had ever turned from the Reformation, now he was again won over to it. 
and especially to Luther. He sent his eldest son Lazarus to study at Wittenberg, 
and to him expressed his renewed confidence in his religious faith in the following 
short but loving and joyful tract : 'A comforting and christian help and medicine 
in all tribulations. Nuremberg 1521.' It was dedicated ' to my dear sister Mar- 
garet, wife of Torgen von Hirnbofen, protector of married women at Hilpoltstein,' 
and fully exemplifies the teachings of the evangelical belief. 

"Still more tinctured with evangelical belief is his anonymous tract which ap- 
peared at Wittenberg in 1522. ' The principle which has hitherto governed our 



common Christianity, to which is added the reason and direction, for a christian 
walk.' ' It was evidently written to influence his fellow- citizens at the opening of 
the Diet convened at Nuremberg for the spring of 1522. It can well be compared 
with the best product of the pen of any layman, and evidently answered to its 
purpose. At the Diet, which only assembled in the autumn of 1522, the number 
of those who adhered to the new faith was not small, especially among the princely 
members who for the most part were good Lutherans. At the head of all stood 
the jurist Johann von Schwartzenberg, the most influential member of the Diet, 
and the Saxon privy councilors Hans von der Plinitz and Philipp von Freilitzach, 
who, like their sovereign, were on an intimate footing with the government of the 
city of Nuremberg, especially with Lazarus Spengler, Kasper Niitzel, and other 
members of the Diet. Very naturally the sympathy felt for Luther and the new 
belief at the Diets of 1522 and 1524 had its influence on the evolution of the afiairs 
of the church. The result of the dissolution of the Diet of 1524 was more favora- 


ble than that of the previous year to the Lutherans. Neither an imperial edict, a 
brief from the pope, nor the opposition of the Bishop of Bamberg could stop the 
course of events. Nuremberg became evangelical, and the Venetian ambassador 
sent vi^ord home that the city was lost to the Catholic church. 

' 'Spengler had not a little contributed to this result. Of course his efforts did not 
alwaj's appear on the surface, but in certain matters it can very plainly be seen, 
especially in the confession of faith at Nuremberg in March, 1525. He had formu- 
lated with Osiander its twelve articles which ended the Discussion. He appeared 
with Schurl as representative of the Diet, and through his firmness brought about 
the principle ending of the dispute, notwithstanding the objections of the Catho- 
lics. Nuremberg thereby openly and formally declared itself in favor of the 

"He also influenced the masses as a religious poet. When Nuremberg was men- 
aced, within and without, by the peasant's war, he composed that well known 
hymn ' In Adam's fall we sinned all,' (Hymn 236 in German Lutheran Hymn 
Book, Missouri Synod), which first appeared in Walter's Christian Song Book in 
1524, and soon gained such a reputation that it was translated into several foreign lan- 
guages. Less well known is the later song which first appeared in 1535 in I. King's 
Wittenberg Song Book : 'All trouble and cost is useless.' Naturally he was bit- 
terly hated and abused by his opponents ; not only by the Papists, but in a meas- 
ure by former friends who took offense at his appearance in the train of the Refor- 
mation ; especially bj' B. Pirkheimer whose exasperation never grew weary of 
slandering Spengler and Osiander : ' That a haughty clerk lost to all sense of 
honor ' and ' a supple charlatan without experience, should despotically govern 
the famous city of Nuremberg.' Again: 'O that you would hang the haughty 
charlatan with his own golden chain and drown the dishonored clerk. It were 
better that these two rascals paid with their skins, than that so many honest pious 
people should suffer ; ' of Spengler he said : ' I wish you knew what kind of traf- 
fic this man is guilty of, then you would wonder that any man's speech and actions 
should be so contradictory,' a saying which at that time applied with more force 
to Pirkheimer than to Spengler. 

" But both agreed that he who would heal the wounds of the times should give 
great care to the education of the young, and so with Nutzel's, Ebner's and Baum- 
gartner's help he persiiaded the city to found a good high-school. Spengler him- 
self travelled to Wittenberg in the beginning of 1525 to ask Luther and Melanc- 
thon's advice. By that of the former the Scottish foundation of St. Egidins was 
turned into an Evangelical high-school, and solemnly opened by Melancthon in 
1526. Up to the close of his life Spengler continued his helpful interest in educa- 
tion and its weighty teachings, and so too he never wearied in his care for church 
matters ; in order to make a radical renovation in these Luther proposed a church 
to church visitation. External matters aided in its successful accomplishment. 
While the Margrave George von Brandenberg was making a visitation through his 
territories, Spengler proposed to him to make the same in conjunction with the 
authorities of Nuremberg, — 23 articles of visitation were agreed upon on the 
Wednesday after Ascension at the convent of Schwaback in 1528. 

" Spengler not only was present, but used all his influence to forward the difficult 
undertaking. All that he undertook in this direction, got its durability and con- 
sistence from the regulations which he formulated. These were more difficult to 
put in practice for Nuremberg than for the outlying territory on account of 


Osiander's jealousy and opposition. But Spengler's persistence and tact over- 
came all difficulties. All these successes increased his influence in evangelical 
circles. His sound and wise advice was sought for in all weighty matters. He 
recommended the citizens of Nuremberg not to kill, but only to banish, the ana- 
baptists (1529). At the Nuremberg convention he strove by his pen and tongue 
to defend the right of the evangelical princes to resist the Emperor by arms ' with 
never-ending logical shrewdness he substituted christian obedience with forbear- 
ance, for oaths of allegiance and feudal homage. ' Therein he fully agreed with 
IvUther, whose opinion he followed in the matter of the Zwinglians. His writings 
and letters on this very subject show his steadfastness in the faith, and his sucess- 
ful use of dialectics. He hoped for nothing from an attempted reconciliation be- 
tween Luther and the Swiss; personally he had nothing to do with it. 

" His life, so full of work, did not pass without trials and sorrows. His wife died 
early; she bore him nine children — none of his sons rose to eminence. His second 
sister, Magdalena, was subprioress of Weyda, later of Nordlingen, and died a 
Catholic in 1536. 

" To his youngest sister, Margaretta, he sent a consolation piece full of beautiful 
faith, which is still in print; its title is: ' How a christian should console himself 
in trouble and adversity, and where he should seek help and medicine, Nurem- 
berg, 1529.' He turned with the same affection to his brother George, who lived 
in Venice, with this tract: 'A short summary of how a true christian should con- 
duct himself in all his walk and life towards God and his neighbors, Nuremberg, 
1525. ' 

"After a somewhat prolonged life he prepared himself for death with faith and 
courage. His beautiful confession of faith, which Luther published, with a pref- 
ace, is entitled: 'Confession of Lazarus Spengler, formerly Syndic of the city of 
Nuremberg— Wittenberg, 1535.' He died on the 7th Sept. 1534." 

NOTE 3. 

(page 19.) 

Early Mills and Houses in York County. 

Early Mills. 

'HEAT or corn was ground to some extent the first year 
or two of settlements west of the Susquehanna in a 
" Pioneer mill " — a mortar hollowed in the end of a 
log, or a stump in which it was ground, Indian 
fashion, with a pestle. Mills there were none for the first few 


years — the people being obliged to cross the Susquehanna for 
nearly all their flour and meal. Even from the Conewago settle- 



merit, Diggs' choice, (now Hanover) the long journey was made, 
jfirst to Downingtown and later to Lancaster county. After the 
primary essentials were attended to, the small grist mill, run by 
water power, was constructed. 

The first mill in York county was built on Kreutz creek about 
1735. John Day built the first mill in the northern part of the 
county, before 1740. It was twelve and one half miles from York. 
The first mill in the western end of the county, Paradise township, 
was erected by George Jacobs about 1750. One of the earliest 
mills of the county was the one erected by Martin Weigle about 
1738, on the Little Conewago near the present road from York to 
Dover. He had first tried to build it on the Codorus, but found 
the stream too large for his pioneer adventure. His Indian neigh- 
bors viewed this encroachment with weird astonishment. 

SliTTl^ERS BUir^DING THEIR CABINS. (01(1 print.) 

Early Houses. 

From Introductory Memoir to Braddock's Expedition : 

" It did not take long to build a house in those days. Logs were felled and 
hewed the proper length, and arranged with a friendly aid into the frame work of 
a one roomed log cabin. A roof of puncheons rudely shaped with the broad-axe 


was placed upon it, and an outside chimney of stone and sticks, filled in with clay, 
adorned one end of the edifice. The interstices between the logs were then plas- 
tered up with mud and moss, a door, and an aperture for a %\-indow added, and, if 
the building were a luxurious one, a puncheon floor, and the house was done. A 
block or two served for stools; a broad slab of timber for a table; a rude frame 
work for a couch. In one chamber would sleep all the family; here was their 
kitchen; here they did eat. In some more elegant establishments, a double cabin 
or even a loft was to be found. A few wooden bowls and trenchers, some spoons 
carved from a horn, a calabash and an iron pot, with two or three forks and knives, 
completed the simple furniture. China or even ordinary delf ware was unknown 
in these early times; a few pack horses on their annual journey were the only 
means of communication with the seaboard. For food, the chief reliance was upon 
the product of the chase, the corn, pumpkins and potatoes which were cultivated 
upon the little farm, and the invariable dish of pork. Their cows yielded them 
milk; and commeal either ground by hand or powdered in a wooden mortar, 
furnished their only bread. 

" The most important feature of a settlement was, however, its fort. This was 
simply a place or resort for the people when the Indians were expected, and con- 
sisted of a range of contiguous log-cabins, protected by a stockade and perhaps a 
block-house or two. It was chiefly in summer and fall that the approach of the 
savage was to be dreaded. Families would move into the fort. Panics would 
crowd the inland towns." 

NOTE 4, 

(page 24,) 

Wm. Penn's Letter. 

The Religion and H^^bits of the x\borigines. Their Weap- 
ons, Canoes, Food, Hunting, Apparel, &c. 

^HE religious 
ideas of the 
aborigi n es 
have been a 
matter of much com- 
ment, as well as how far 
they possessed a knowl- 
edge of a Supreme 
Being. William Penn 
in a letter, writes 
thus : 

" They say there is a Great 
King that made them, who 
dwells in a glorious country 
to the Southward of them, 
and that the souls of the good 
shall go thither where they 
live again. Their worship," 
hesays, "consists of two parts, 
sacrifice and cantico. Their 
sacrifice is the first fruits. 
The first and fattest buck 
they kill goeth to the fire, 
where he is all burnt with a 
mournful ditty of him, that 
Pi.NN s 'iRi,Ai\ WITH THi, INDIA.N?,. (OIJ print.) performeth the ceremony, 
but with much marvelous fervency and labor of body, that he will even sweat to a 
foam. The other part is the cantico performed by round dances, sometimes words, 
sometimes songs, then shouts ; two being in the middle that begin ; and by sing- 
ing and drumming on a board direct the chorus. ' Their diet is maize, or Indian 
corn divers' ways prepared ; sometimes roasted in the ashes ; sometimes beaten 
and boiled with water, which they call hominie ; they also make cakes, not un- 


pleasant to eat. They likewise have several sorts of beans and peas, that are good 
nourishment : and the woods and rivers are their larders.' 

" If any European comes to see them or calls for lodging at their house, or wig- 
wam, they give him the best place and first cut. If they come to visit us, they 
salute us with an Itah ; which is as much as to say, good be to you, and set them 
down ; which is mostly on the ground close to their heels ; their legs upright ; it 
may be they speak not a word, but observe all passages. If you give them any- 
thing to eat or drink, well ; for they will not ask ; and be it little or much, if it be 
with kindness, they are well pleased, else they go away sullen but say nothing. 
They are great concealers of their own resentment ; brought to it by the revenge 
that hath been practised among them. But in liberality they excel ; nothing is 
too good for their friend. Give them a fine gun, coat or other thing, it may pass 
twenty hands before it sticks; light of heart, strong affections, but soon spent. 
The most merry creatures that live, feast and dance perpetually. They never have 
much nor want much. Wealth circulateth like blood ; all parts partake, and 
though none shall want what another hath ; yet exact observance of propriety. 
Some Kings have sold, others presented me with several parcels of land : the pay 
or presents I made them were not hoarded by the particular owners ; but the 
neighboring Kings, and their clans being present, when the goods were brought 
out, the parties chiefly concerned, consulted on what, and to whom, they should 
give them. To everj' King, then, by the hands of a person for that work appointed 
is a proportion sent, so sorted and folded and with that gravity that it is admira- 
ble. Then that King subdivideth it in a like manner ; they hardly leaving them- 
selves an equal share with one of their subjects. And be it on such occasions as 
festivals, or after their common meals, the kings distribute, and to themselves 
last. They care for but little because they want but little, and the reason is a lit- 
tle contents them. In this they are sufficiently revenged on us ; if they are ignor- 
ant of our pleasures, they are also free from our pains. They are not disquieted 
with bills of lading and exchange, nor perplexed with chancery suits, and ex- 
checjufr reckonings. We sweat and toil to live : their pleasure feeds them, I mean 
their hunting, fishing and fowling, and their table is spread everywhere. They 
eat twice a day, morning and evening, their seats and tables the ground. 

"In the fall, when the corn cometh in, they begin to feast one another. There 
have been two great festivals already ; to which all come that will. I was at one 
myself — their entertainment was a great seat by a spring under some shady trees; 
and twenty bucks with hot cakes of new corn, both wheat and beans ; which they 
make up in a square form, in the leaves of the stem, and bake them in the ashes ; 
and after that they fall to a dance, but they that go must carry a small present, in 
their money ; it may be sixpence, which is made of the bone of a fish ; the black 
is with them as gold ; the white silver ; they call it all wampum. 

" The justice they have is pecuniary ; in case of any wrong or evil fact, be it mur- 
der itself, they atone by feasts, and presents of their wampum, which is propor- 
tioned to the quality of the offeme or person injured. It is rare that they fall 
out, if sober ; and if drunk they forgive it, saying ' it was the drink and not the 
man that abused them.' Since the Europeans came into these parts, they have 
grown great lovers of strong liquors, rum especially ; and for it is exchanged the 
richest of their skins and furs. If they are heated with liquors, they are restless 
till they have enough to sleep ; that is their cry ' some more, and I will go to 
sleep ; ' but when drunk one of the most wretched spectacles in the world. The 



worst is that they are the worse for the Christians ; who have propagated their 
vices and yielded them tradition for ill and not for good things. It were miserable 
indeed for us to fall under the just censure of the poor Indian conscience, while we 
make profession of things so far transcending. 

" Their government was by kings, which they called sachems, and those 
by succession always of the mother's side. For instance the children of 
him who is now king will not succeed him, but his brother by his mother, or the 
son of his sister, and after them the children of her daughter, but no woman in- 

INDIAN vii^ivAGE. (Old print.) 

herits. Every king had his council, consisting of all the old and wise men of his 
nation. War, peace, selling of land, or traffic, were only undertaken after advis- 
ing with them, and also with the young men. The king sat in the middle of a 
half-moon, and had his council of the old and wise men on each hand ; behind 
them, or at a little distance, sat the younger fry in the same figure. Having con- 
sulted and resolved their business, the king ordered one of them to speak to me ; 
he stood up, came to me, and in the name of the king saluted me ; then took me 
by the hand, and told me he was ordered by the king to speak to me, and that 
now it was not he, but the king, that spoke, because what he should say was the 
king's mind. He first prayed me, to excuse them, that they had not complied 


with me the last time : he feared there might be some fault in the interpretation, 
being neither Indian nor English ; besides it was the Indian custom to deliberate 
and take up much time in council, before they resolve ; and that if the young peo- 
ple and owners of the land, had been as ready as he, I had not met with so much 

" Having thus introduced his matter, he fell to the bounds of the land they had 
agreed to dispose of, and the price, which now is little and dear ; that which would 
have bought twenty miles not now buying two. During the time that this person 
spoke not a man of them was observed to whisper or smile ; the old, grave ; the 
young, reverent in their deportment. They speak little, but fervently and with 
elegance. I have never seen more natural sagacity, considering them without the 
help (I was going to say the spoil) of tradition ; and he will deserve the name of 
wise, that outwits them in any treaty, about a thing they understand. 

" When the purchase was agreed, great promises passed between us of kindness 
and good neighborhood, and that the Indians and the English must live in love as 
long as the sun gave light ; which done, another made a speech to the Indians, in 
the name of all the sachamakers or kings, just to tell them what was done, next to 
charge and command them ' to love the Christians, and particularly to live in peace 
with me, and the people under my Government ; that many governors had been 
in the river ; but that no governor had come himself to live and stay here before ; 
and having now such an one, that had treated them well, they should never do him 
or his any wrong.' At every sentence of which they shouted and said Amen, in 
their way." 

Indian Weapons, Canoes, Food, Trapping, Fishing, Hunt- 
ing, Apparel, &c. 

From Hi?itoti's History of the United States 0/1834 • 

"Prior to their intercourse with Europeans, the weapons of the Indians were 
bows and arrows, clubs, tomahawks, and spears of wood, curiously wrought with 
stones, shells or other sharply-pointed implements. The tomahawks, spears and 
arrows, were generally edged with stones, bones or other materials that could be 
shaped to an acute point. For the defence of their persons, they had targets, 
fabricated of the bark of trees and other flexile substances. The bark of the small 
shrub cilled moose wood, which was plentifully found in the woods, furnished 
excellent cordage, and a sort of wild hemp was used for the same purpose. 

" In the construction of their canoes, which were of the highest importance in 
many of their expeditions, as well as their ordinary business, they were singularly 
curious; these were fabricated from the bark of certain trees, generally of the 
white birch, or hollowed out of the trunks of soft timber, by burning and scraping 
with their rude implements. The former, though they required skill in the work- 
men, were not so difficult in their construction as the log canoe; they were ingen- 
iously shaped and curiously sewed together with roots, and besmeared with gums 
of various trees to render them tight, and strengthened within with ribs, or trans- 
verse pieces. A bark of this kind, sufficient for the transportation of five or six 
Indians, was portable on the back of a single man; and in this manner they were 
carried with facility over the portages between rivers and lakes. 

" The construction of the log canoe required much labour, as well as patience 
and perseverance. A large tree was to be felled and hollowed out by fire, or by 



their imperfect tools, or with both united. Roger Williams, who had many oppor- 
tunities of observing their modes of construction, says, ' I have seen a native go 
into the woods with his hatchet, carrying only a basket of corn, and stones to 
strike fire; when he had felled his tree, and made a little house or shed of bark, 
he puts fire and follows the burning in many places; his corn he boils, and hath 
his brook by him, and sometimes angles for a little fish; but so he continues his 


burning and hewing, until he hath, within ten or twelve days, finished his boat.' 
" The food of the natives was principally obtained from the game and fish with 
which the country abounded. But they cultivated in the intervals considerable 
quatities of corn, beans, pumpkins and squashes; the forest furnished a great 
variety of nuts and other fruits, which in the sale of their lands to the English, 
they generally reserved for their own use. Indian corn was an important article; 
this after being parched and pounded to a coarse meal, and moistened with water 
was called noke-hick, and eaten on all occasions, when animal food could not be 
procured, or expedition forbid the time necessary for more protracted cookery. 
On all excursions, parched corn was carried in small baskets, or sacks, and was a 
sure preservative against famine. 

" Various were their devices for taking large game. One was the constructing 
of slight fences of brush, in two lines, wide at one extremity, and converging at a 
point at the other, where was a narrow opening. Here the huntsman placed him- 
self, under some cover, and shot the game as it passed through. Sometimes a 
curious kind of a trap was contrived at the opening, by bending down a flexible 
staddle, to which was attached a snare for seizing the animal. When caught in 
this trap, his struggles disengaged the staddle, and suspended him in the air. 

" Fish were an important article of food, and were taken with nets, hooks and 
long spears. With the latter they supplied themselves with shad and salmon in 



abundance, as thej- ascended the cataracts of the rivers, in the spring season. The 
contrivance was the following: The extremity of the horn of a deer, or other 
animal, having a cavity at one end, and sharply pointed at the other, was loosely 
placed upon the end of the spear; a cord attached to the horn was stretched along 
the shaft, and held in the hand that directed the stroke. On plunging the point 
into the fish, the spear was drawn a little back, and the horn, slipping off, turned 
across the perforation, and the fish was drawn from the water. 


" For their apparel, the Indians were indebted to the moose, deer, bear, bc'aver, 
otter, fox, raccoon and some other animals. The skin of the deer was an import- 
ant material; these when dressed, furnished a pliable cover, and were much worn. 
But their clothing was but imperfectly fitted to their bodies, and some parts were 
left uncovered. After the arrival of the English, the natives very readily ex- 
changed their fur dresses for woollen blankets, and other clothes of European 
manufacture, and in this change the English found a profitable trade. 

" For travelling in cold seasons, they wore a rude kind of shoe, called a mocka- 
son, which was fabricated from moose and deer skins, gathered to shape the feet, 
by sinews of animals; but they were a poor defence for the feet in wet weather. 
In travelling in deep snows, they had recourse to snow shoes or rackets." 

NOTE 5. 

(PAGE 49-) 

Witchcraft and Conjuration Among the Pennsyl- 
vania Germans. 

ANYof the early Pennsylvania Germans held among them- 
selves the superstitions of the peasantry of the land from 
which they came. The howl of the dog, the hoot of 
the owl, the croak of the raven were to them prognos- 
tications of evil. They believed in dreams, love spells and charms, 
and in incantations for the relief of aches and hemorrhages. The 
horse shoe nailed to the door was fatal to the witch, and the tail 
or ear of the black cat, or young dog, would counteract the machi- 
nations of the sorcerer." Some ot these superstitions in a modified 
form, yet linger among the agricultural class of their descendants. 
Many of them still own mystic books which their forefathers 
scrupulously guarded. They are, of course, in the German lan- 
guage, and give full details of the black art — " Hexerei " conjur- 
ings, producing spells, discovering thieves and producing cures. 

The pow-wow doctor was also in the olden times an interesting 
character. This venerable type of magic healer is still prevalent 
in a few sections, but is fast passing away. Pow-wow healing — 
" braucha " — was effected by faith and prayers. For each affliction 
there was a special prayer ; and among the curable complaints 
were, hemorrhages, burns, erysipelas, wildfire, felons, lameness, 
sprains, poison, plague and many other afflictions, such as wasting 
away, fits and St. Anthony's dance. After inaudible prayers, or 
Biblical quotations, and the passing of the hands over the patient, 
the consuming evil spirit within was driven out, and the sufferer 
healed. It must, however, be remembered in extenuation of this 
mysterious magic cure of baffling afflictions of human life, that one 
hundred and fifty years ago there was not in the forests of this 

> Introductory Memoir to Braddock's Expedition. 


country a patent medicine advertised for every ill that flesh is 
heir to. 

The reader will find an action for slander instituted in the Court 
of Common Pleas, of York County, to No. 6 June term 1880, by 
Bartholomew Heckenyos and Anna Mary his wife, against Henry 
Kindig (all German peasant born) in which the writer was attor- 
ney for the plaintiffs. The declaration filed averred that the de- 
fendant had maliciously slandered, villified, and defamed the wife 
by stating to the neighbors that she was a sorceress, and had be- 
witched his cows so that they gave bloody milk. The defendant 
was firmly of the belief that Mrs. Heckenyos had cast a spell over 
his cows producing the lacteal disorder. The matter was after- 
ward amicably adjusted and the action discontinued. 

"AllenTown, Pa., Oct. 26, 1895. — Belief in witchcraft still exists in the rural 
districts of Lehigh County, and to-da}' a lawsuit was started which is founded on 
this belief. 

George Winch, through his counsel, Hon. William H. Sowden, entered suit 
against Lovine H. Laub. Both are residents of Shoenersville. The father-in-law 
of Laub, an old man named Trieble, has been ill for a long time. Various physi- 
cians were tried, but no relief was afforded. Laub is a firm believer in witchcraft, 
or hexeri, as the Pennsylvania Germans call it. He went to Reading to hunt up a 
witch doctor. The latter diagnosed the case and said that Trieble was undoubtedly 
bewitched and announced to the family that the first person who called at the 
house was the witch. 

About the same time that the Reading witch doctor was diagnosing the case 
Farmer George Winch discovered that he needed some cord wood and he at once 
left for Neighbor Laub's house to order it. He was the first person to arrive after 
the Reading hexari doctor had given his opinion and Laub at once concluded that 
Mr. Winch was the person who practiced diabolical acts and cast a spell over 

Mr. Winch states that Laub called on his family physician at Bethlehem and 
said he would soon have Winch for a patient, meaning he would be taken ill when 
the .spells of the witch doctor 1>egan to work on him. The plaintiff also claims that 
Laub told all the neighbors that his father- in-law was bewitched and that in nine 
days they would find out who the witch was. This had the effect of stirring up 
the neighborhood to a high pitch of curiosity. After the nine days Laub told the 
people who the witch was. This announcement was made at a picnic. 

Mr. Winch claims that all this has tended to injure him in the estimation of his 
neighbors, many of whom are firm believers in witchcraft and think that he has 
communication with the evil spirits. He claims ;?5,ooo damages for loss of his 
reputation. The case will come up for trial at the next term of court and will be 
one of the most interesting ever tried here. 

The number of people in Lehigh county who believe in witchcraft is astonishing 
and many of them are persons who are generally accredited as being intelligent." 

The only trial for witchcraft in Pennsylvania took place before 



Wm. Penn and a jury, December 12, 1683, and resulted, not in a 
Puritanical hanging, but in a verdict of acquittal. 


Witch Trial at Philadelphia in 1683. 

In volume i. Colonial Records, page 95, is given the following 
trial of two witches in this State in 1683: 

"Att a Councill held in Philadelphia ye 7th 12th Mo., 1683. Present: Wm. 
PENN, Proper and Govr; lasse Cock, Wm. Clayton, Jno. Smycock, Tho Holmes. 

Margaret IMattson and Yeshro Hendrickson, Examined and about to be proved 
Witches; whereupon, this board Ordered that Neels Matson should Enter into a 
recognizance ot fifty pounds for his Wiff 's appearance before this board the 27th 
Instant, Hendrick Jacobson doth the same for his wife. 

Adjourned till the 20th 12th Mo., 83. 

Margarit Matson 's Indictmt was read, and she pleads not Guilty, and will be 
tryed by the Countrey. 

lasse Cock attested Interpriter between the Proper and the Prisoner at the Barr. 

The Petty Jury Impanneled; their names are as followed: Jno. Hasting, fore- 
man, Robt Wade, Wm. Hewes, Jno. Gibbons, Albertus Hendrickson, Nath, Evans, 
Jer. Collet, Walter Martin Robt Piles, Edw Darter, Jno. Kinsman, Edw Bezac. 

Henry Drystreet attested, Saith he was tould 20 years agoe, that the prisoner at 
the Barr was a Witch, & that severall Cows were bewitcht by her; also, that James 
Saunderlings mother tould him that she bewicht her cow, but afterwards said it 
was a mistake, and that her Cow should do well agane, for it was not her Cow but 
an Other Person's that should dye. 

Charles Ash com attested, saith that Anthony's Wife being asked why she sould 
her Cattle; was because her mother had Bewicht them, having taken the Witch- 
craft of Hendrick's Cattle, and put it on their Oxen; She myght Keep but noe 


Other Cattle, and also that one night the Daughter of ye Prisoner called him up 
hastely, and when he came she sayd there was a great Light but just before, and 
an Old woman with a Knife in her hand at ye Bedd's feet, and therefore shee 
crj-ed out and desired Jno. Symcock to take away his calves, or Else she woud 
send them to Hell. 

James Claypoole attested Interpritor betwixt the Propor and the Prisoner. 

The affidavid of Jno. Vanculin read, Charles Ashcom being a Witness to it. 

Annakey Coolin attested saith her husband tooke the Heart of a Calfe that dyed, 
as they thought by Witchcraft, and Boyled it, whereupon the Prisoner at ye Barr 
came in and asked them what they were doing; they caid boyling of flesh; she 
said they had better had Boyled the Bones, with severall other unseemly Expres- 

INIargaret Mattson saith that she Valines not Drystreets Evidence; butif Sander- 
lins mother had come, she would have answered her; also den3-eth Charles Ahs- 
com's Attestation at her soul, and Saith where is my Daughter; let her come and 
say so. 

Annakey Cooling's attestation concerning the Gees, she denyeth, saying she 
was never out of her Conoo, and also that she never said any such things Concern- 
ing the Calve's heart. 

Jno. Cock attested, sayth he Knows nothing of the matter. 

Tho. Baldings attestation was read, and Tho: Bracy attested saith it is a True 

The Prisoner denyeth all things, and sayeth that ye Witnesses speak only by 
hear say. 

After which ye Govr gave the jury their charge concerning ye Prisoner at ye 

The jury went forth, and upon their Return Brought her in Guilty of having the 
common fame of a Witch, but not guilty in manner and form as Shee stands In- 

Neels Mattson and Antho. Neelson Enters into a Recognizance of fifty pounds 
apiece, for the good behavior of Margaret Matson for six months. 

Jacob Hendrickson Enters into Recognizance of fifty pounds for the good be- 
haviour of Getro Hendrickson for six months. 

Adjourned till ye 2oth day of ye first Mo., 1684." 

NOTE 6. 

(page 67.) 

Wagoning, Pleasure Carriages, Turnpikes, and 
Harvests in the Early Days/ 


MOST of the hauling by the first settlers was done in the 
winter, when the horses were not needed on the farm. 
The famous "Conestoga wagons" were used, and 
many teamsters made it a business, year after year, to 
follow wagoning from Philadelphia and Baltimore to Pittsburg. 
Four, six and eight-horse teams were common; some of the ani- 
mals were furnished with bells, fitted so as to form an arch over 
the collar. The large wheel-horse carried the bass bells, and the 
other animals had bells producing different notes, selected to har- 
monize or chime. The wagons were masterpieces of workman- 
ship, with the wheels painted red and the bed blue. This wagon 
business caused taverns to spring up without number along the 
leading thoroughfares. To men who followed this wagoning, as 
well as the tavern-keepers the railroad and canals were innovations 
and unwelcome improvements. Each successive improvement of 
the highways of travel and commerce met its full share of opposi- 
tion. The turnpike provoked a fierce antagonism; for the stage 
coach and Conestoga wagon rendered the pack horse^ a useless in- 

General Alexonder Ogle, member of Congress in the days of 
General Jackson, in the course of a Fourth of July oration, de- 
scribed the opposition to the turnpike and wagon transportation: 
" Your grandmother," said he, " can tell you what a rumpus these 
ninnies raised around the first wagon road over the mountains to 
Pittsburg. It would break up the packhorse men and the horse 

1 Gibson's History of York County, with additions by the writer. 
SAnte p. 65. 
^Ante p. 174. 



breeders would be ruined. I told tliem that one wagon could 
carry as much salt, bar iron and brandy from Philadelphia or 
Baltimore as a whole caravan of half starved mountain ponies, and 
I further told them that of all the people in the world fools have 
the least sense." 

Pleasure Carriages. 

The old-fashioned gig and barouche were owned by a few per- 
sons, and some of the wealthy owned a chaise for a pleasure wagon 
as far back as 1770. In 1783 there were but thirty of them as- 
sessed in the entire county, 
including Adams county. 
They were then generally 
called a "chair." In 1830 
the modern carriage be- 
gan to be made. Previ- 
ous to that time most of 
the traveling was done on 
horseback. People v/ent 
to church in that way. 
In the southern part of 
the county many went in 
ox carts. Among the 
Quakers horseback riding was the universal mode. The v/o. 
men of those days became very skillful and daring in the prac- 
tice. Children were frequently taken along and made to sit in 
front or behind the rider. Maidens of sixteen or eighteen would 
take butter and eggs to market on horseback and heartily enjoy it. 

The Old Time Harvests. 

The fields were plowed in " lands " by several furrows being 
thrown together. In harvest time two or four reapers would take 
a "land." The harvest season was a time of great enjoyment. 
Neighboring farmers assisted each other. Ten, fifteen, and some- 
times as many as a hundred reapers, both men and women, worked 
in one field as a gay lively company. Town people went to assist. 
One " through " was reaped, the " grips " were bound on the re- 







turn, and the keg of ardent spirits tapped at the end of each 
"round." Before the introduction of the cradle, tradesmen and 
townspeople all temporarily dropped their vocations, and went to 
" help harvest." On the farm of George Hoke, afterwards William 
Hoke's place, in West Manchester, in 1828, there were 102 reap- 
ers, men and women, reaping with the sickel in one field. They 
soon cut the grain of that field, and went to another. About the 
same time, near by, Peter Wolf had fifty-four reapers at work. 
They passed along like a moving battle line, and made an inter- 
esting sight. A good reaper could cut forty-two dozen of sheaves 
in a day. The German scythe, made of malleable iron, sharpened 
by hammering the edge on a small anvil, was used for mow- 
ing. The whetstone was carried by the mower, with a horn con- 
taining water mixed with vinegar. For cutting spelts, rye and 
wlieat, the sickel was almost universally used until about the be- 
ginning of the war of 1812, or possibly five years earlier, when the 
grain cradle came into use in York County, and the country in 
general. The sickle was indeed extensively used much later. 

NOTE 7. 

(PACK 69.) 

Account of the Personal Estate of Rudolph Speng- 

ler, Deceased. 

THE ACCOMPT of Philip Jacob and Barbara his Wife (late Barbara Speng- 
ler) and George Kann, Adtainistrators of all and singular the goods 
and Chatties, rights and Credits which vrere of Rudolph Spengler late 
of Paradise Township in the County of York yoeman deceased, as well 
as all and singular the goods and Chatties, rights and Credits which 
were of the said deceased at the Time of his Death, which came to their Hands 
Possession and knowledge, as of their payments and disbursments, out of and 
against the same Viz. 

' ' The said Accomptants charge themselves with all and singular the 
goods and Chatties, rights and Credits, which were of the said 
deceased, according to an Inventory- and Appraisement thereof, 
exhibited and remaining in the Register's oflSice, at York, 

amounting to the sum of ^299 21^ 

The said Accomptants further Charge themselves with the advance 

of Sales of Vendue to the sum of 21 28 

They also charge themselves with Part of a Debt due by Michael 
Swoope of ^38 18 o whereof the sum of /'20 16 2 only was 

charged in the Inventory 18 10 

Also with Old Maryland and Pennsylvania Paper money 2139 

Also with Interest received on John Treber's Bond more than 

what is charged in the Inventory i 30 

/342 3 4X 

"The said Accomptants, also Pray allowaoce for their several Payments and 
Disbursements, out of and against the said Estate as follows pr receipts 

By Cash pr. the Register for Letters of Admon ^ i 3 9 

1 Jacob Wymer for deeds. Coffin as per rect 2 5 o 

2 Christian Wust for appraiseing &c per rect 2 5 o 

3 Saml Arnold for " pr do o 15 o 

4 John Miller for Clhs'hp pr do i 8 6 

5 Wm IMummert for Crying Vendue pr do 015 o 

6 Joseph Sherch Coir for 1782 pr do 3 3 6 

7 Peter Trump Do 1783 pr do 118 2 

8 Jacob Howry Do 1784 pr do " 15 10 

9 Jacob Ziegler as pr provn Acct pr do 316 o 

10 Jacob Bertesen as pr do pr do i 3 6 

11 John Threber as pr do pr do o 16 o 

12 Geo. Lewis Lefler as pr Receipt i o o 


13 Michl Swope as pr do i 9 7^ 

14 Jacob Howry as pr do " 5 11 

15 John Moyer as pr do " 5 o 

Ij6 Elizabth Grezemer as pr do " 5 o 

17 Jos. Welshans as pr do " 4 o 

The said Accomptants further pray allowance for the old Mary- 
land and Penns'a Paper money charged on the Debit side of 

this acct 2 13 9 

The Clk for Stating this Acct 7 6 

The Register's fees for examining &c this account and & Copy . . 15 g 

Thomas Hartley Esqr a Counsel Fee concerning this estate i 10 o 

The Orphans Court fee 12 9 

The allowance made to George Kann one of the Adr. for his 

trouble and expense 10 o o 

The allowance made to the other Adrs, for their trouble and 

expense 3 o o 

Balance in the Hands of the said Admrs Subject to Distribution. . 301 11 4 

/342 3 41X 
" Exhibited in the Registers Office at York the 27th Day of Novr. 1789 

Novr 17S9 "I Administrators both sworn to the truth of this 

By. Barbara Jacob V acct. as stated . 

Georgb Kann J Cor. J. Barnitz, Regr. 

NOTE 11 

(PAGE 75.) 

The Vituperative and Acrimonious Harrison 
Van Buren Campaign of 1840. 

President Van Buren's Passage Through York. The Re- 
mains OF President Harrison Brought to York ; 
THE Obsequies and Procession. 

THE Presidential campaign of 1840 was the longest in the 
history of the country, and, excepting that of i860, alto- 
gether the most exciting. It began eleven months be- 
fore the election with the nomination of Gen. W. H. 
Harrison, at Harrisburg in December, 1S39, a nomination effected 
by the most extraordinary of sharp political contrivances, ingeni- 
ous and complicated. Mr. Harrison was nominated by a majority 
of 42 over the united votes of Gen. Scott and Mr. Clay, Scott re- 
ceiving 16 votes, Mr. Clay 90, and Gen. Harrison 148. 

The campaign that succeeded was one of extraordinary excite- 
ment and incident. According to Mr. Benton it was conducted on 
the Harrison side by the banks and their agents, who " used money 
in fabulous amounts, and in ways not dreamed of." 

In an address to the country, Amos Kendall declared that " con- 
tempt of the people lay at the bottom of the whole Harrison scheme 
of electioneering." " We have seen vast assemblages collected 
together," he said, " at great labor and cost, not to respond to any 
principles, or to listen to any argument, but to drown the voice of 
reason in the shouts of revelry, and to lead captive the feelings of 
the people in a senseless excitement, aroused by the hauling of log 
cabins, canoes and cider barrels through the streets ; the display 
of banners with unmeaning mottoes ; the singing of doggerel 
rhymes, and the exhibition of vulgar pictures ; riot and drunken- 
ness, joined with mummer>' and mockery — all alike disgraceful 
and insulting." Above everything else, however, according to the 



same authority, was the "use of money without stint, thejabuse of 
official station, and privilege without restraint, and the violation of 
the law without reserve ; " altogether forming " a flood of demora- 

HARRISON AND PROSPERiTV. (Froffl au old priut iu \. \. Suu.) 

StanAof Ariiti 

VAN BUREN AND RUIN. (Froiii au olJ print iu X. Y. Son. 

lization," in " some of the states resting in stagnant pools, con- 
taminating the atmosphere of liberty, and threatening death to 
everything virtuous, noble and free — " even to the Republic itself. 


This was putting the case very strongly, but no doubt Mr. Ken- 
dall devoutly believed all that he alleged. 

The Harrison men — otherwise the Whigs — were not in the least 
moved by the complaints and charges of the Democrats, otherwise 
the " Locofocos," but continued to hold their big meetings, to ex- 
hibit their vulgar pictures, to sing their doggerel rhymes, to drink 
their hard cider, and to drag their canoes and log cabins on wheels 
through the streets and along the country roads. They got 
" back " at the Locofocos with charges quite as serious as those 
against which they were called upon to defend. They declared 
that 'Mr. Van Buren — whose father had kept a country tavern — 
was an aristocrat, a monarchist, in fact ; who lived in royal style 
in the White House, who ate his soup out of spoons of gold and 
his pie with knives of silver ; who honored the rich and despised 
the poor ; who demanded a standing army of 200,000 men under 
his own control, for what sinister purpose of enslavement of the 
people is easily inferred. He had wasted the public revenues, had 
increased the public expenditure, and had added $20,000,000 to the 
public debt. He vv'as hostile to the churches in all their sects, and 
sought the destruction of the ministers of religion. He was the 
enemy of free labor, who aimed to bring the wages of American 
workmen to the European level, and to destroy the profits of the 
American farmers. Among the minor charges were two ; that he 
had established new mints in which it cost 40 per cent, of the value 
of gold eagles to coin them, and that turned out ten cent pieces at 
a cost of thirty cents each ! And a great deal more of the same 
kind, ending with the declaration that one term was enough for 
any man. 

The local campaign in point of vituperation and bitterness was 
fully equal to the general standard. In the York Democratic Press 
of 1840 a local candidate was designated as a "man of business 
habits, and no discarded preacher like his competitor, who has 
said the Democrats want but horns to make them oxen." 

"Gen. Harrison carries his pockets full of paper certificates, vin- 
dicating him from the charge of being too prudent, but bears no 
bodily evidence of ever having been within gun-shot of the enemy, 
while the Democratic candidate for the Vice Presidency bears upon 
his frame seventeen scars, enduring memorials of his valor." A 


" British Whig " spoke of the York County Germans, says the 
Press : " The Black Dutch, with black rings around their necks, I 
can buy any of them with a half pint of whiskey." 

Among the newspaper headings in the Democratic Press we 
find the following : " Brutal Assault by Captain Joseph Garretson, 
of the York Cavalry Troop, upon the Editor of the Press." " The 
Liar Nailed." " The Wild Bear Show." " British Gold Opposed 
to the Rights of Freemen." " The British Nobility and the Rag 
Barons of this Country." " Fraud Proven." " The Hard Cider, 
Coon Skin and Extra Pay Ticket." " To Your Tents, Oh Israel." 
After the campaign : " For Salt River : the Well Known and Fast 
Sailing Schooner, Locofoco, will Sail for the Head Waters of Salt 
River on Monday the 30th." 

The real issues of the campaign related to currency, banking 
and tariff. As to the latter, the Harrison (or Whig) doctrine was 
immensely removed from what is now called " McKinleyism." 
Gen. Harrison's position on that subject was authoratively stated 
in these words : "He is in favor of such judicious tariff regulations 
as shall provide for the actual wants of the Government and pro- 
tect the national industry, without affording the means of extrava- 
gance, or a surplus beyond what may be necessary to discharge its 
current and existing obligations, holding it " to be the duty of the 
Government to keep the expenses within its ordinary revenues." 
It was, however, the opinion of Gen. Harrison and his supporters 
that, even upon this moderate view of tariff legislation, a sufficient 
protection might be had to give to the farmers profitable prices for 
their products, and to the artisans and laborers of the country con- 
stant employment, fair wages, and prompt pay — in short, " $3 a 
day and roast beef." The industrial state of the country was one 
of great depression ; and as Mr. Van Buren was held responsible 
for it, it was not surprising that he was beaten, badly, both before 
the people and in the electoral colleges. Out of a total of 2,411,- 
700 votes, of which 7,059 were for an anti-slavery candidate. Gen. 
Harrison had a majority of 146,315, and in the electoral colleges 
234 votes against 60 for Mr. Van Buren. 

Among the Whig pictures described by Amos Kendall as " vul- 
gar," are here reproduced two of the most characteristic entitled re- 
spectively " Harrison and Prosperity," "Van Buren and Ruin." The 


method of these pictures is familiar enough now, but they were a 
great deal of a novelty then, and rendered powerful service for the 
Whig cause, as although much exaggerated of course, they were 
descriptive of an actually existing condition, for which, however, 
Mr. Van Buren was not in fact responsible. 

A Visit from President Van Buren in 1839. 

From the York Republican of June 26, i8^g. 

"His excellency, Martin Van Buren, President of the United States, arrived in 
our borough on last Friday afternoon from Washington — remained at the White 
Hall Hotel, (now the National) until Saturday morning at six o'clock, and then 
pursued his journey to Harrisburg, taking that route to New York, in which State 
he intends to remain during the month of July. He travelled in a carriage and 
pair, accompanied by one of his sons and attended bj' two colored servants, one 
driving him and the other riding on horseback. 

" During his stay here he was called on by a number of our citizens, who were 
introduced to him and shook the hand of the Chief Magistrate of the United States ; 
we are, however, unable to say anything of his personal appearance or social quali- 
ties as we did not see the distinguished functionary." 

President Harrison's Lamented Death. Funeral Honors 

IN York in 1841. 

The Republican, York, April 22, 1841. 

"The citizens of our borough manifested on Saturday last, their profound sorrow 
for the death of President Harrison, with becoming solemnity. Agreeably to pre- 
vious arrangement, a military civic procession was formed at 12 o'clock, which 
was composed of from twelve to fifteen hundred persons, and after it had moved in 
a slow and solemn order through some of the principal streets, it terminated its 
march at the first Lutheran Church, where prayers were oflFered up to the throne 
of Grace by the Rev. Dr. Schmucker, and the Rev. Dr. Cathcart, and an address 
delivered by the Hon. Charles A. Barnitz. The choir also performed the appro- 
priate anthems. All the business was suspended during the exercises, and there 
was an unanimity of feeling on the occasion which gave a moral beauty to the 
scene. Citizens who had long indulged in party strife were commingled together 
without distinction, in the sacred ofiice of rendering homage of their respect to the 
departed Patriot." 

The Arrival in York of the Remains of President 
Harrison. The Funeral Procession. 

The Republican, June 23, 18 41. 

" The sacred relics of a great and good man were brought from Washington to 
Baltimore on Saturday last, and remained in the latter city until Monday morning, 
the volunteers supplying a military guard for the body, which was also attended 


by a guard of honor from the Marine Corps at Washington, commanded by Col. 
Henderson, who are to accompany it to its final resting place at North Bend. The 
Baltimore and Susquehanna Rail Road Company with a liberality which does 
them the very highest credit, tendered to the committee charged by the citizens 
of Cincinnati with the duty of removing the body to the West, a special train of 
cars to carry it to Columbia, and also invited the military companies of the city to 
attend it to that point. Intelligence of the intention to bring the remains through 
this place having reached here on Sunday last, measures were taken to pay the 
last sad honours to the memory of the deceased President. A committee on the 
part of the volunteers and citizens started early on Monday morning to meet the 
incoming train from Baltimore and attend it to town. At xo o'clock the military 
corps paraded, and the Beneficial Association, Fire Companies, Literary Socie- 
ties, the Clergy, members of the Bar, Physicians, Borough Officers and citizens 
generally united with them in forming a Procession — the several associations 
having their banners clothed in mourning — under the command of Gen. Michael 
Doudel, the Marshal at the funeral ceremonies on the ryth of April last. In this 
order the procession moved out the Railroad to the South Borough line where it 
halted to await the arrival of the cars. These came about 12 o'clock, and in addi- 
tion to the Cincinnati committee, were filled with the President and Directors of 
the Raili-oad Company, and a number of military corps of Baltimore, among which 
we noticed the Eutaw Infantry, Independent Blues, National Guards, Junior Artiller- 
ists, and the First Baltimore Light Infantry, all of whom immediately alighted, 
formed in front of the cars, and passed along the line of the York Procession, 
which saluted them and immediately fell in at the rear of the train, which moved 
at a very slow rate, and in this order to the strains of funeral music, the entire 
body proceeded to the Rail Road Depot, presenting a most impressive and solemn 
appearance. There the procession dismissed and the York volunteers and many 
citizens joined the companies which came from Baltimore, proceeding in the cars 
to Wrightsville and thence to Columbia, where the military companies, having 
been reinforced by the arrival of the Baltimore Independent Grays, escorted the 
body to the canal and saw it safely deposited on board of the boat, which was to 
convey it towards its western destination. The York and Baltimore volunteers, 
returned thence to this Borough, and after unitedly forming one of the handsomest 
parades through our town that we ever witnessed, the latter resumed their places 
in the cars and wended their way to the Monumental City. We are aware that we 
have furnished a very important description of the appropriate ceremonies of the 
day, but those who saw or participated in them will not readily forget their beauty 
and solemnity hallowed as they were by the sentiment of reverence for the virtues, 
character and patriotism of an illustrious man who had been summoned from the 
aflfections of a devoted people, and gathered to the grave from the highest pinnacle 
of earthly honor to be mourned by a mighty nation." 

NOTE 8. 

(page 76,) 

Captain Yost Herbach. 

Reminiscences of the Early Days. A Teamster in the Brad- 
dock Expedition ; at the Indian Battle of Bloody Run ; 
A Captain in the Revolutionary War. 

From the York Gazette of August 16, /8j/. 


"At Antietam, near Hagerstown, in Washington county, Maryland, on the 2nd 
inst, Captain Yost Harbaugh, a soldier of the Revolution, a native of York county, 
Pa. in the 90th year of his age. He was formerly a member of the Pennsylvania 
From the York Weekly of April 13, 1894. 

" Captain Yost Harbaugh, whose death, in 1831, is recorded in the York Gazette 
of that year, and copied under ' The Glimpses of York Sixty Years Ago,' in another 
column of this issue, was Captain of the Seventh Company of the Second Battalion 
of York county's contingent in the Revolutionary war, and was in active service in 
that struggle. He was the sixth son of Yost Herbach, the elder, a Swiss emi- 
grant. He was born in 1741, and in 1755, when but 14 years old, accompanied 
Braddock's expedition as teamster, and was also at Bloody Run in the Indian wars. 
(Gen. Braddock in a letter said: 'In every instance, but in my contract for the 
Pennsylvania wagons, I have been deceived, and met with nothing but lies and 
villainy.^) In 1799 he represented York county in the State Legislature. 

" He was a verj- large man, fully six feet in height and well proportioned. His 
dress continued throughout his long life to be of the old Continental style. He 
remembered, and, in his extreme old age, loved nothing so well as to sit, on winter 
evenings, by the big fire on the hearth, surrounded by groups of young folks, and 
tell them tales of the olden times, of the times and things when he was young, of 
the early days when the Indians were about. 

" How, when he lived on his farm, now Samuel Rutter's near Emigsville, where 
still stands the old Swiss barn erected by him in 1793, and which still bears his 
name carved in a stone in the gable, the children went to gather whortleberries in 
the woods on the hills beyond the Codorus, and found in the leaves several pretty 
little puppies as the}' supposed, which the girls took pity on and carried home, 
where they were told by him, to their great surprise and consternation, that the 
little foundlings were young wolves. How some of the farm hands proposed to 
kill them, and how he, on the score of prudence, as well as humanity, accompanied 
by several of the men with loaded rifles and an ample supply of ammunition 
against a not improbable emergency, carried the mistaken and unwelcome pets 



back to their forest home. In those days," he said, "it was nothing unusual for 
wolves to attack and destroy sheep at night and carry the lambs away. 

" He lived to the great age of eighty-nine years, nine months and nine days, and 
died in the full faith of the German Reformed church, and in the full possession of 
all his senses and mental faculties, on August i, 1832, of a violent attack of cholera, 
after an illness of four days, at the residence of his daughter, Mrs. Benjamin 
Emmert, in Maryland, and was buried in the Antietam cemetery, located near the 
bloody battlefield of that name. His remains were recently taken and deposited 
in the Emmert lot in the graveyard near Funkstown, Washington county, Mary- 

" He was grandfather of the distinguished lawyer, Henry L,. Fisher, Esq., of 
York, from whose invaluable contribution on the ' Pennsylvania Germans' to Gib- 
son's York County History, many of the foregoing facts were obtained; and 
also the great grandfather of Edward W. Spangler, Esq., who at the battle of An- 
tietam, in 1862, fired eighty-eight rounds, and had the stock of his rifle shattered 
by a Rebel bullet, within cannon shot of the sepulchre of his Revolutionary an- 
cestor. ' ' 

The following interesting notice of his life, character, and 
death, is from the "York Republican," of August i6th, 1831. 

" Died — On Monday, the ist ult., at Mr. Emmert's, his son-in-law, near Hagers- 
town, Md., the aged and venerable Yost Harbaugh, Esq. Mr. Harbaugh was at- 


tacked by the cholera, and only survived this rapidly mortal disease four days. 
He was born on the nth of October, old style, (22nd of October) 1741, therefore, 
he lived to the advanced age of eighty-nine years, nine months and 9 days. The 
deceased always lived on plain, frugal diet, the substantials of life, and was per- 


fectly temperate and sober, free from all passion, and excessive indnluence of every 
kind. He was an uneducated man, but possessed a native vigor of intellect, and a 
large share of common sense, which gave him a conspicuous, as well as useful 
standing in society. Mr. Harbaugh well remembered when the Indians, whose 
name as a nation, has long since become extinct, had a town on the banks of Canoe 
run, near Kreutz church, in Hellam township, and that the borough of York had 
to be guarded by sentinels during the night, against their hostile incursions. 
With a plow, a furrow was drawn around the town, serving as a demarkation, 
along which the sentinels marched in the execution of their duty. What a won- 
derful change has taken place since the birth of Mr. H., in our own town and 
country and throughout the Union ! ' Solitary plains have been made glad, and the 
wilderness to blossom as the rose ! ' The desert has become studded with towns and 
cities, and covered with an immense population, evidently and anxiously pushing 
the spirit of enterprise further on, which, indeed, seems as if it had just com- 
menced, marking with striking evidence, the onward march of mind. From the 
5'ear 1770, to the close of the year 18 15, a period of forty-five years, tlie American 
Revolution commenced and closed, with the establishment of a new Empire, grow- 
ing and extending itself to illimitable bounds, and by its example and moral influ- 
ence operating upon and fanning the spark of liberty amongst all nations. W'ithin 
this period, the French Revolution commenced and terminated, and all the exces- 
ses of that bloody and murderous time passed into oblivion, with all the splendid 
battles, glory and victories of Napoleon, whose brilliant career caused an astounded 
world to pause, and gaze with amazement — all, all had their rise and termination 
in the space of one man's lifetime. These causes of deep reflection are naturally 
awakened in the mind, when we contemplate the life and death of such a patriarch 
as the subject of this obituary notice, teaching us a knowledge of our utter noth- 
ingness, and the extreme vanities of human life. Well might such men as 
Edmund Burke exclaim : ' Oh, what shadows we are, and what shadows we 
pursue.' " 

The original Muster Roll, in German, of Captain Herbach's 
(original spelling) Company in the Revolutionary War is in the 
writer's possession. (Notes 15 & 34.) 

NOTE 9. 

(page 88.) 

Indian Incursions into York County in 1755. 

Great Consternation Among the Inhabitants. Letter 
OK Sundry Persons at York, to Gov. Morris, 1755. 

" May it please your Honour, 

" We receiv'd sundrie Acc'ts lately, all concerning in this, that a numerous Body 
of Indians & some French are in this Province, which has put the Inhabitants 
here in the greatest Confusion, the principal of whom have met sundrie Times, & 
on examination find that manv of us have neither Arms nor Ammunition. 


" Herewith we send a copy of an Express just arrived from John Harris's Ferry, 
by Way of James Anderson, with Intelligence that the Indians are encamp'd up 
Susquehannah within a Day of two's March of that Place and 'tis probable, before 
this comes to Hand, part of these back counties may be distroyed. 

"We believe there are men enough willing to bear Arms & go out against the 
Enemy, were they supplied with Arms, Ammunition & a reasonable Allowance for 


their time, but without this, at least arms and Ammunition, we fear little to pur- 
pose can be done. 

"If some measures, are not speedily fallen upon, we must either sit at home till 
we are butcher'd without Mercy or Resistance, run away, or go out a confused 
Multitude destitute of Arms and Ammunition & without Discipline or proper Offi- 
cers, or any way fixed on to be supplied with Provisions. 

"In short we know not what to do, & have not much time to deliberate. 
"As the Company who go, from this Town & Parts adjacent, to Morrow, to the 
assistance of the Inhabitants of our Froutiers, will take almost all our Arms & 
Ammunition with them, We humbly pray your Honour to order us some Arms & 
Ammunition, otherwise we must desert our Habitations. 

"We have sent the Bearer Express with this letter, and also a Petition to the 
Assembly, which our People v/ere signing, when the Express came to Hand. 

"We humbly hope your Plonour will excuse this Freedom, which our distress has 
obliged us to use, and beg leave to subscribe ourselves. 
"Honoured Sir, 

your most obedient 

Humble Serv't. 

"Endorsed. — Letter from the Magistrates of York County, to the Govr. 
"York Saturday ii o'clock, P. M., ist Novr. 1755. 

George Stevenson to R. Peters, 1755. 

"Dr. Sir, 

"By the Express which I suppose, more than daily come to yr. Hand from the 
Frontier Parts of this Province, you can conceive the Confusion, Horror & Dis- 
tress, wdth which every breast is filled; All possible Attempts have been made here 
to Stockade this Town, but in vain, on receipt of the Governors Summon I dis- 
patch'd the Sub Sheriflf to David McConaughys, knowing that Mr. Hamilton was 
over the Hills, I doubt he will not go down, his Family & Neighbours being in 
such consternation. 

"I'm inform'd John & Jas. Wright do not go. We have sent down a petition by 
the Bearer sign'd in about a quarter of a Hour, whilst we were yet signing it We 
received the Express from Harris's, a Copy of which we have sent to the Gover- 
nor, together with a Letter, five of us have made bold to write to him on this Im- 
portant Subject I beg you will use your Influence with the Governor and Mr. 
Allen, to whom I made free to write two days ago, I am so fatigued with the Peo- 
ple, & 'tis now so late that I must conclude. 
"Dr. Sr, 

yr most obliged 

& obedient Servt, 

"York, 12 O'clock, Saturday Night, ist Nov., 1755. 

"Mr. Peters. 

George Stevenson, ist Novr, 1755." 



George Stevenson to R. Peters, 1755. 


" As the Bearer carries the same News to you which he brought to me, 'tis need- 
less to say anything about that. 

" We have sent 53 Men, well filed, from this Town last Monday 2 o'clock P. M. 
& a Doctor, some Medicines & what Ammunition we could spare to Tobs Hen- 
drick's to join the main Body of English Tories on the most needful Part of the 
Frontiers, Mr. Adlum is with them, Mr. Hamilton is gone towards Conigogeeg last 
Sunday with a Company. 

" Mr. Bay yesterday with & at the Plead of another. We are all aloft and such 
as have Arms hold themselves ready, but alas they are few in Number ; 40 men 
came here yesterday willing to defend, but had but 3 guns & no Ammunition, and 
could get none here, therefore went home again. 


"We stay all here yet, how long God knows, 6 Families fled from their Homes, 
Dist. about 15 miles viz : Conewago last Night, the last came into Town about Day 
Break This Morning. I am determined to stey & by the assistence of Mr. Lispy 
& the other Justices, on the spot spirit up the People & keep 'em together (if pos- 
sible,) till I hear from the Government, 

"A few of us have pledged our Credit for publick services, if we are encouraged we 
will stand till we are cut off, if not or if no News comes to us (wch we shall con- 
strue as discouragement, ) some of us are bound to the lower Parts Maryland imme- 
diately, if not scalptd by the way. 

"Herewith you have another of our Petitions to the Assembly, all I shall say 
about it is that the biggest Part of its Signers are Menonists, who live about 15 
miles westward of York. 

"Pleas to deliver it to the Assembly, the Express waits which hastens to me to 



the only agreeable part of my Letter, to my self & that is that in Peace or War, 
Comfort or Distress, I am, Dr, Sr, with great Esteem, 

Yr most obedient 

Hble Servt, 

"York, II o'clock, A. M. Wednesday, 5th Novr. 

Mr. Peters. 
"Tell Hanuan we are all Well. 
Geo. Stevenson. 

NOTE 10. 

(page 88.) 

The Abduction and Massacre of the Jemison Family 

by the Indians. 

The first settlements on the southwestern portion of York, 
now Adams County, were made by the Scotch Irish. 
The father of Mary Jemison was one of these settlers. 
He settled near Marsh Creek, cleared and cultivated a 
large farm and resided there ten years. His family consisted of 
four sons and a daughter. One day in the spring of 1755, they 


were alarmed by the discharge of a number of guns. William 
Buck, a neighbor, was killed. Jemison was seized, as also were 
the mother and two brothers, the sister and neighbors with them. 
The marauding party consisted of six Indians and four French- 
men. They were Shawanese Indians. The two older brothers 
escaped. The captured family suifared under great distress from 


fatigue and want of food. They were lashed by the Indians, and 
hurried, or rather dragged to a Fort in Cumberland County, either 
Fort Conococheage, or Fort Chambers. Eight of the captives 
were murdered and scalped. Mary Jemison and the little child of 
Mrs. Buck were spared. After a painful journey of seven days and 
a half they reached Fort DuQuesne. Mary Jemison was taken 
possession of by two Indian squaws and treated as one of the tribe. 
They were of the Seneca Nation. At first she had a desire to 
escape whenever she met persons who talked English. When she 
was fourteen or fifteen years of age, she was married to a Delaware 
Indian, to whom she became attached, and to whom she bore chil- 
dren. She said that the labor required of her was not severe. But 
she had at another time to undergo an exhausting and fatiguing 
journey of several hundred miles, from the Ohio river to the Gene- 
see. The Senecas were the allies to the French. The war came 
to an end in 1760. In the meantime her husband had died. She 
defended the moral character of the Indians, and evaded opportuni- 
ties of being released by the whites. In 1763 she married an old 
Seneca warrior. She was twenty years old and he was fifty-five. 
He died at the age of one hundred and three. The war of the 
Revolution again subjected her to hardships. The Six-Nations 
joined the English. After the Revolution she refused to return to 
the whites, and was given a large tract of reserved land. She was 
known as Dick-e wamis, or the White Woman of the Genesee. 

NOTE 11. 

(PAGE 88.) 

Indian Abductions and Massacre in York County, 


N the I3tli of April, 1858, a man was killed, and 
nine persons abducted by the Indians near Archibald 
Bard's, at the South Mountain, within the then limits 
of York county. On the 21st of May, one man and 
five women were taken from the Yellow Breeches/ 

Richard Bard was of the number abducted. The following is 
an extract from a thrilling narrative of his captivity, as written by 
his son, collected from the manuscript of his father: 

"My father, Richard Bard, lived in York County, now Adams, and owned a 
mill, now called Marshall's Mill, in what is called Carroll's tract, where, on the 
morning of the 13th uf April, 1758, his house was invested by a party of nineteen 
Indians. They were discovered by a little girl, called Hannah M' Bride, who was 
at the door, and on seeing them, screamed, and ran into the house. 

"At this time, there was in the house, my father and Lieutenant Thomas Potter, 
(brother of General Potter) who had come the evening before (being a full cousin) 
together with a child of about six months old, and a bound boy. The Indians 
rushed into the house, and one of them, with a large cutlass in his hand, made a 
blow at Potter, bvit he so managed it as to wrest the sword from the Indian, and 
returned the blow, which would have put an end to his existence, had not the 
point struck the ceiling, which turned the sword so as to cut the Indian's hand. 

"In the meantime my father, (Mr. Bard) laid hold of a horseman's pistol that 
hu'.ig on a nail, and snapped it at the breast of one of the Indians, but there being 
tow in the pan it did not go off; at this, the Indians seeing the pistol, ran out of 
the house. 

"By this time one of the Indians at the door, shot at Potter, but the ball took 
him only in his little finger. The door was now shut, and secured as well as pos- 
sible; but finding the Indians to be very numerous, and having no powder and 
ball, and as the savages might easily burn down the house, by reason of the 
thatched roof, and the quantity of mill wood piled at the back of the building, 
added to the declarations of the Indians, that they would not be put to death, de- 
termined to surrender; on which a party of the Indians went to a field, and made 
prisoners of Samuel Hunter and Daniel McManimy . A lad of the name of William 
White, coming to the mill, was also made a prisoner. 

"At the distance of about seventy rods from the house, contrary to all their 
promises, they put Thomas Potter to death; and having proceeded to the uioun- 

1 Loudon's Narrative. 




tain about three or four miles, one of the Indians struck the spear of his tomahawk 
into the breast of the small child, and after repeated blows scalped it. After cross- 
ing the mountain, they passed the house of IMr. Halbert T — and seeing him out, 
shot at him, but without effect. Thence passing late in the evening M' Cord's old 
fort, they encamped about a mile in the gap — the second day having passed into 
the Path Valley, they discovered a party of white men in pursuit of them; on 
which they ordered the prisoners to hasten, for should the whites come up with 
them, they should be all tomahawked. Having thus hurried, they reached the 
top of the Tuscarora mountain, and all had set down to rest, when an Indian, 
without any previous warning, sunk a tomahawk into the forehead of Samuel 
Hunter — He was scalped and the Indians proceeded on their journey, &c." 

The Indians were constantly prowling in quest of victims, and 
while the contiguous counties presented scenes of many murders, 
the savages occasionally fell, as is their custom, unawares upon 
the people of this county, as late as 1759; for on the 29th of May, 
of that year, Mr. Dunwiddie and one Crawford were shot by two 
Indians in Carroll District, York county. The inhabitants had 
their fears and hopes constantly excited till tlie close of the 
French and Indian war. 

It might be here remarked, that York county furnished four 
companies of foot soldiers, in the expedition against Fort Du 
Quesne in 1758, which was committed to General Forbes, at the 
head of 8,000 men. The captains from York county were, Robert 
M'Phersou, Thomas Hamilton, David Hunter; the Lieutenants, 
Andrew Findlay, James Ewing, Alexander M'Kean, Victor King; 
the ensigns were William Haddin, Peter Mim, James Armstrong 
and William :\rDowell.^ 

1 Note 41, 

NOTE 12 

(page 89,) 

The Pennsylvania (including York) Troops in the 

Battle of Long Island— Miscarriage of Orders 

Imperilled the American Army. 

Lieut. Col. Chambers' Letter. 

" From all I can learn, we numbered about twenty-five hundred and the attack- 
ing party not less than twenty-five thousand, as they had been landing days before. 
Our men behaved as bravely as ever men did, but it is surprising that, with the 


superiority of numbers, they were not cut to pieces. They behaved gallantly, and 
there are but five or six hundred missing. 

"General Lord Stirling fought like a wolf, and is taken prisoner. Colonels 
Miles and Atlee, Major Burd, Captain Peebles, Lieutenant Watt, and a great num- 
ber of other officers also prisoners. Colonel Piper missing. From deserters we 
learn that the enemy lost Major General Grant and two brigadiers and many 
others, and five hundred killed. Our loss is chiefly in prisoners. 

"It was thought advisable to retreat off Long Island, and, on the night of the 30th, 
it was done, with great secrecy. Very few of the officers knew it until they were 


on the boats, supposing that an attack was intended. A discovery of our intention 
to the enemy would have been fatal to us. The Pennsylvania were done great 
honor by being chosen the corps de reserve to cover the retreat. The regiments of 
Colonel's Hand, IVIagaw, Shee and Hazlett were detailed for that purpose. We 
kept up fires with outposts stationed until all the rest were over. We left the lines 
after it was fair day, and then came off. 

" Never was a greater feat of generalship shown than in his retreat — to bring off 
an army of twelve thousand men, within sight of a strong enemy, possessed of as 
strong a fleet as ever floated on our seas, without any loss, and saving all the bag- 
gage. General Washington saw the last over himself." 

General Hand's Account. 

The following account of the retreat appears among the papers 
of General Hand : 

"In the evening of the 29th of August, 1776, with several other commanding 
officers of corps, I received orders to attend Major General Mifflin. When assem- 
bled. General Mifflin informed us that in consequence of the determination of a 
board of general offlcers, the evacuation of Long Island, where we then were, was 
to be attempted that night ; that the commander-in-chief had honored him with 
the command of the covering party, and that our corps were to be employed in 
that service. He then assigned us our several stations, which we were to occupy 
as soon as it was dark, and pointed out Brooklyn Church as an alarm post to which 
the whole were to repair, and unitedly oppose the enemy in case they discovered 
our movements, and made an attack in consequence. My regiment was posted in 
a redoubt on the left and the lines on the right of the great road below Brooklyn 
Church. Captain Henry Miller (of York) commanded in the redoubt. Part of a 
regiment of the flying camp of the State of New York were, in the beginning of 
the night, posted near me ; they showed so much uneasiness in their situation, 
that I petitioned General Mifflin to suffer them to march off, lest they might com- 
municate the panic with which they were seized, to my people. The General 
granted my request, and they marched off accordingly. 

"After that, nothing remarkable happened at my post till about two o'clock in 
the morning, when Alexander Scammell, since adjutant general, who that day 
acted as aid-de-camp to the commander-in-chief, came from the left, inquiring for 
General Mifflin, who happened to be with me at the time. Scammell told him that 
the boats were waiting, and the commander-in-chief anxious for the arrival of the 
troops at the ferry. General Mifflin said he thought he must be mistaken, that he 
did not imagine the General could mean the troops he immediately commanded. 
Scammell replied he was not mistaken, adding that he came from the extreme 
left, had ordered all the troops he had met to march; that in consequence they 
were then in motion, and that he would go on and give the same orders. General 
Mifflin then ordered me to call my advance piquets and sentinels, to collect and 
form my regiment, and to march as soon as possible, and quitted me. 

" Having marched into the great road leading to the church, I fell in with the 
troops returning from the left of the lines. Having arrived at the church, I halted 
to take up my camp equipage, which, in the course of the night, I had carried 
there by a small party. General Mifflin came up at the instant, and asked me the 



reason of the halt. I told him, and he seemed very much displeased, and ex- 
claimed: 'D — n your pots and kettles! I wish the devil had them! March on.' I 
obeyed but had not gone far before I perceived the front had halted, and hastening 
to inquire the cause, I met the commander-in-chief, who perceived me, and said: 


'Is not that Colonel Hand?' I answered in the affirmative. His Excellency (Gen- 
eral Washing'on,) said he was surprised at me in particular; that he did not ex- 
pect I would have abandoned my post. I answered that I had not abandoned it; 
that I had marched by order of my immediate commanding officer. He said it 
was impossible. I told him I hoped, if I could satisfy him I had orders of General 
Mifflin, he would not think me particularly to blame. He said he undoubtedly 
would not. General Mifflin just then coming up, and asking what the matter was, 
His Excellency .said: 'Good God! General Mifflin, I am afraid you liave ruined 
us by so unseasonably withdrawing the troops from the lines. ' General Mifflin 
replied, with some warmth: 'I did it by your order.' His Excellency declared it 
could not be. General Mifflin swore: 'By God, I did,' and asked: 'Did Scammell 
act as an aid-de-camp for the day, or did he not?' His Excellency acknowledged 
he did. 'Then,' said Mifflin, 'I had orders through him.' The General replied it 
was a dreadful mistake, and informed him that matters were in much confusion at 
the ferry, and, unless we could resume our posts before the enemy discovered we 
had left them, in all probability the most disagreeable consequences would follow. 
We immediately returned, and had the good fortune to recover our former stations, 
and keep them for some hours longer, without the enemy perceiving what was 
going forward."^ 

1 xo Pa, Archives, N. S. 307. 


Col. Michael Swoope's battalion of York county troops suffered 
severely in this battle and many were taken prisoners.- But eigh- 
teen of Captain Graeff 's company returned to join their battalion. 
Captain Henry Miller, in command of a York county company, for 
his gallantry, was proposed for promotion by his Colonel, Edward 
Hand. Captain Philip Albright's company of York riflemen was 
attached to Col. Samuel Miles' regiment of riflemen. The regri- 
ment displayed great gallantry, but was overcome by superior 
force, and surrendered. 

2 Note 34. 

NOTE 13. 

(page 95.) 

Early Southern and Western Emigration. 

THE long period of distress which followed the Revolution, 
and continued until after the adoption of the Constitu- 
tion, had sent the people from this section of Pennsyl- 
vania to the rich and well-watered Valley of the Shenan- 
doah, in Virginia. Seven of the eight sons of Philip Caspar 


Spengler settled there about 1790. The Swoopes and Diehls, in- 
termarried with the Spenglers, and hundreds of others populated 
this forest valley, and by their superior knowledge of agriculture 
and untiring industry, transformed it into the garden spot of the 
old Commonwealth. In the late Civil war it was the grainery of 
the Southern Confederacy. 


Subsequent to 1800, the tide of emigration from this and adjoin- 
ing counties changed toward the West. In that year the Govern- 
ment adopted the system of selling land in Ohio on credit, and 
this, coupled with the return of peace in Europe, and the conse- 
quent decline of business in the agricultural and commercial States, 
sent the wave of population into Ohio, which enabled it, 1803, to 
enter the union of the States. Such was the outpour thither that, 
for the moment, it seemed as if Indiana must soon follow Ohio 
into Statehood. 

A letter from Robbstown, in Westmorland county, a village 
lying on the western highway to Pittsburg, announced that in one 
month, toward the end of 181 1, 236 wagons, with men, women 
and children, and 600 Merino sheep, passed through on their way 
to Ohio. Four of the wagons were attended by sixty persons, but 
as it was then customary to consider eight as an average in such 
cases, it is probable that not far from eighteen hundred persons 
took part in this emigration. The record is confined to one month 
and to one town. Ohio which in 1810 contained a population of 
230,000, was believed to have 400,000 in 181 6. Fed, in subse- 
quent years, by this never ending stream of new-comers, including 
many Spangler families, the West was almost transformed. Towns 
grew and villages sprang up with a rapidity, which, even in these 
days of rapid and easy communication, would be thought amazing. 

NOTE 14. 

(page 114.) 

York County Troops at the Flying Camp in 1776.' 

IN July, 1776, five battalions of militia marched from York 
County to New Jersey. Out of these five battalions there 
were formed in about six weeks after their arrival, two bat- 
talions of the Flying Camp ; those who did not belong to the 
camp returned home. The reason of so many more, than there was 
occasion for, being called forth from all the counties seems to have 
been firstly to try the spirit of the people, and secondly to show 
the enemy the power of the nation they warred against. 
, As the Flying Camp is closely connected with the honors and 
the sufferings of many men in this county, we will briefly state its 
history. Congress on the 3d of June, 1776, " Resolved, that a fly- 
ing camp be immediately established in the middle colonies, and 
that it consist of 10,000 men," to complete which number, it was 
resolved that the colony of 

Pennsylvania be required to furnish 6,000 

Delaware " " " " 600 

Maryland " " " " 3,400 


The militia were to be engaged until the ist of December fol- 
lowing, that is, about six months. The conference of committees 
for Pennsylvania, then held at Philadelphia, resolved on the 14th 
of June, that 4,500 of the militia should be embodied, which, with 
the 1,500 then in the pay of the province, would make 6,000, the 
quota required by Congress. The same conference on the 25th, 
recommended to the associators of York County to furnish 400 men. 

1 Notes 15 and 34. Glossbrenner's History. 


Thus York County furnishing 400 

The other counties, and Philadelphia city, in all, 4,100 

Troops under Col. Miles, 1,500 

Total, 6,000 

The convention of the State, on the 12th of August, resolved to 
add four additional battalions to the Flying Camp, York County 
being required to furnish 515 men towards making out the num- 
ber of 2,984, the aggregate of the four new battalions. On the 
same day Col. Geo. Ross, Vice-President of the Convention, Col. 
Thomas Matlack, of Philadelphia, and Col. Henry Schlegel of 
York County, were chosen, by ballot, commissioners to go to head- 
quarters in New Jersey, and form the Flying Camp. 

The Flying Camp was accordingly soon formed ; it consisted of 
three brigades. The Brigadier General of the first Brigade was 
James Ewing, of York County ; his brigade consisted of three bat- 
talions, the first of which was commanded by Col. Swoope, of York 
County ; the second by Col. Bull, of Chester County ; and the 
third by Col. Watts, of Cumberland County, father of the late 
David Watts, Esq., of Carlisle. Of the other brigade and battal- 
ions we are not at present able to speak with much certainty. 

NOTE 15. 

(page 114.) 

Quarter-Master George Lewis Leffler's Unpublished 


New Information of Historic Local Interest. The York 
County Militia at the New Jersey " Flying Camp." 

SUBJOINED will be found extracts from the Diary (never 
before published) of George Lewis Leffler, who was in 1774 
and 1775 Secretary of the York Revolutionary " Committee 
of Safety," and in 1776, appointed by Col. Michael Swoope, 
Deputy Quarter-Master of the First Battalion of York County 
Militia. He died in York, March 16, 1813. 

This Diary supplies very important historic matter not hereto- 
fore disclosed; — the quantity and character of the rations furnished 
to the Revolutionary heroes; the route of the York county contin- 
gent to the " Flying Canip;"^ the locality of the camp; the general 
orders issued at the time; the paroles and countersigns; the names 
of the captains of five of the York county companies. 

As Mr. Leffler was Quarter-Master only of the First Battalion, 
he gives the names alone of the captains of the same. He does 
not furnish the names of the officers in the other York county 
battalions at the " Flying Camp," among whom were Captains 
Michael Hahn and Rudolf Spengler. 








Note 13. 



"8 lbs Soap for loo Privates i week & 6 lbs Candles. 
yi Gill Vinegar Yz ft. meal per Man. 

"1776 The Cities and Towns I ^larched through, are to wit, on Thursday tlie 
12th day of July sat off from York Town and on the 13th came to Lancaster, from 
there we went to Philadelphia, and arrived save at Phil'a. Barracks the i6lh of the 
same Month, from thence by Water to Trenton, where I got my discharge of Col. 
Jos. Donaldson, and went back to Philadelphia by Water with Captain Clunn 
where I remained a few days at the House of Michael Immel, when I engaged 
again being the 26th day of July (aforesaid) wiih Captains Herbach and Long to 
keep their Books at sixt}- shillings per month per Captain besides a private pay of 
fifty shillings. I then sat off again to Trenton, from there through Maidenhead, 
from there to Princeton College, from there to Kings Town from thence to Bruns- 
wick Barricks, where a certain Conrad Beck drowned in the River Rarridan, being 
the second day of August, from thence I sat off to Head Quarters, Perth Amboy, 
where I was appointed by Maj. Michael Swoope, as Deputy Quarter-Master, having 
then received the following orders: 

" ' Head Quarters, Amboy August 6th 1776. 

" ' Parole Bristol, Countersign — Field officers for to Morrow, Maj. Burd. 

"'The General thinks it necessary to inform the Pennsylvanian Association 
that there are a great Number of Troops for the Fljnng Camp now on their Way 
to this place, and as soon as a sufficient Number to form said Camp shall arrive, the 
Associators shall immediately be dismissed, and it is hoped no Associators will be 
so lost to all sence of Honor and Love for his country as to think of returning 
home, until those Troops shall arrive.' " 

" ' Head Quarters Amboy, August 7th 1776. 

" ' Parole Kingsbridge — Countersign Roxbury, Field ofiBcers for to morrow, 
Maj. Bobst. The long roll is to be beat immediately after the revellie, every 
INIorning when the Troops are to turn out to exercise, and the Fatigue Parties to 

" ' Mr. Carpenter Wharton is appointed by the Commissary Geiveral to issue pro- 
visions to the Troops, he \vill furnish the army so, as to give no cause of Com- 
plaint, that this Business may be carried on, with the Necessary Regulatory. 

" ' It is again Ordered, that the Quarter Master with the Quarter Master's Ser- 
geant and Camp Colour men, by Returns, signed by Commanding Officer of his 
Corps is to draw Provisions, and that no other officer or soldier is to interfere, so 
as to interrupt, the Commissary in the Execution of his ofiice. 

"'It is recommended to the Commanding Officer of the Regiments to draw 
rations of Flour and to contract ^\^th Bakers or have it Baked up by the Men of 
their own Battalions. Mr. Ludowick from a desire to serve the Army has offered 
his service and will undertake to bake for any Corps that may choose to employ 
him for which purpose a sufficient number of ovens will be fitted up by Saturday 

"'No Non-Commissioned Officer or Soldier is to go one Mile from Camp or 
Quarters without leave, of absence, in writing from the Adjutant General,' " 




\ Po^^o^T\^°^ Fatigue to Parade at 
18 Privates I ^^^^^^^^ ^^^t^^g- 

Head Quarters Elizabeth Town 
August 10, 1776. 
•' Parole — Lancaster, Countersign Charleston. 

no orders nth do. 

" Parole — Williamsburg, Countersign, Boston 

no orders 

Eliz'th Town 12th, 1776 
" Parole — Washington, Countersign Putman 

Eliz'th Town 14th 1776 
Parole — Pennsylvania, Countersign Philadelphia 

no orders were given for the Day. 
" Maj. Swoope with 6 Companies marched from here being the part of the ist 
Battalion of York County Militia that we were to be attacked to Night or to Mor- 
row Morning Early, 

People in great Confusion." 


" A Pound of Beef each man per day 

Three pence three farthings each man per day in Cash 

A jill of Vinegar each man per Week 

A pint of Indian Meal or half a pint of Wheat Meal per Man per Week. 

" If the privates of any Company chuse to take a pound and a Quarter of Bread 
each Man per Day, then each man is to receive only Soap and Candles as Custo 

" Price upon Presentation to the Commissary General on his appointment, — 

" General orders in acc't by themselves Militia accounts by themselves, and to 
be transmitted, to the Commissary General once a month, all Captains who have 
not joined Regiments their accounts to be kept seperately. 

New York, July 29, 1776. 
" I do hereby Certif}' that the Established Rations as Mentioned (on the upper 
part of begining) is for the Government of Mr. Ogden appointed. Deputy Commis- 
sary at New Jersey, in Behalf Joseph Trumble Esq'r General 

a copy 

Robert Ogden Ju'r 

Copied per Geo. Lewis Lefler, D. 2. M. 

" A Provision Return for five Companies of Co]. James Smith's first Battalion of 
York County Militia (for one day) now at Elizabeth Town East New Jersey. Au- 
gust 1776. Captains Dritt Cape. George Diehl Capt. Wright Capt Yost Herbach 
Capt. George Long, Michael Swoope Major, (alias) Colonel. Staff and Field offi- 
cers 10, Rank & file 335. 


Head Quarters Elizabeth Town August 15, 1776 

Field officers for Toniorrow 

" Major Morgan Parole, Greene, Countersign Pence. General Mercer having or- 
dered the Jersey Troops near Cranes Ferry to march to Bergen in Consequence of 
intelligence from General Washington, received since the orders of Yesterday the 
guards at Trembly's Point is now to be relieved by Detachment from Philadelphia, 
Lancaster and York Militia. (They were at Newark, August 21st.) 

" Rec'd Aug. 29 1776 of Geo. Lewis Leffler Quarter Master, five pounds & four 
pence Pennsylvania Currency in full for 133 rations due my Company this day for 
rations retained ^5 o 4. RUDOLF SPENGLER, 


NOTE 16. 

(page 114.) 

Col. Michael Swoope at the Surrender of Fort 


" Mount Washington, 

15 March 1776. 
" Dear General, — 

" A flag of tnice came out just now from King's Bridge. The Adjutant General 
was at the head of it. I sent down Col. Swoope. The Adjutant General would 
hardly give two hours for an alternative between surrendering at discretion, or 
every man being put to the sword. He waits for an answer. I shall send him a 
proper one. You'll, I dare say, do what is best. We are determined to defend 
the post or die. ROB'T MAGAW, 

To General Greene." 





15 November 1776. 

" If I rightly understand the purport of your message from Gen. Howe, comnm- 
nicated to Col. Swoope, this post is to be immediately surrendered or the garrison 
put to the sword. I rather thiuk it a mistake than a settled resolution in Gen. 
Howe to act a part so unworthy of himself and the British nation. 

" But give me leave to assure his Excellency that, actuated by the most glorious 
cause of mankind ever fought in, I am determined to defend this post to the very 
last extremity. ROB'T MAGAW. 

To the Adjutant General of the British Army." 

" List of Pennsylvania officers who were upon York Island when the engage- 
ment began near Mount Washington : 

Swoope's Battalion. 

" Col. Swoope. 

"Captains: Smycer, Trett (Dritt) McDonald, Stake. 

"Lieutenants — Shugart, Robeson, Patton, Clayton, Holsinger, Davis, Welsh. 

"Ensigns — Barnet, (Barnitz) Myers, How, Doctor, Fullerton."' 


For a full biographical sketch of Ensign Jacob Barnitz, who 
was severely wounded at the action of Mount Washington, see 
Yoi'k Daily of December i and 27, 1895. 

1 Peter Force's American Archives, 5 Series, Vol. 3, pages 700-730. 

NOTE 17. 

(page 115.) 

Commodities in York in 1779. 

Iron, $3750.00 per ton. Sugar, $6.75 per pound. 
Wheat, $30.00. 

Their Price Regulated by York Committees. Energetic 

Language by the Patriots. Depreciation of the 

Continental Currency. 

N the shelves of the New York Historical Society, is the 
only printed copy extant of a pamphlet, issued by the 
inhabitants of York, which exhibits the embarrassments 
and financial tribulations during the Revolution. It is 
therefore copied entire. It was printed in 1779 at Lancaster, be- 


cause there was then no press west of the Susquehanna, the press 
(Hall & Sellers') which accompanied Congress, having left York- 
town with that body the preceding year. 


The money power of England had been exercised, through the 
Tories resident in the colonies, to depreciate the value of Conti- 
nental money, to enhance prices and to embarrass and break the 
independent spirits of the patriots. This will account for the en- 
ergetic action and strong language embodied in these resolutions 
and addresses: 

York, iSthJune, 1779. 

"A meeting of the inhabitants of this town, being formerly called to consider 
of prudent and effectual measures for putting a stop forestalling extortion, and the 
depreciation of the Continental currency, it was agreed that a committee should be 
appointed to draw up resolves for that purpose, and transmit the same to the sev- 
eral battalions of this county for their concurrence, and the deputies from said 
battalions, properly authorized and instructed, should be appointed to meet with 
the said committee of the town, to consider of proper measures for the carrying 
the same into execution. 

"At a meeting of the committee of Yorktown and the deputies from the Second, 
Sixth and Eighth battalions of the militia of York County, present as follows: 

For YoRKTowrN. 
Henry Miller, John Hay, Wm. Alexander, Robert Galbreath, Wooleree Meng, 
Christopher Lauman, Peter Mondurf, Robert Henry, David Jameson, Wm. Scott, 
Archibald M' Clean. 

For the Second Battalion. 
Thomas Gould and James Sharp. 

For the Fifth Battalion. 
Col. Joseph JeflFeries and Captain John Erman. 

For the Sixth Battalion. 
Colonel Wm. Ross, Captain Joseph Reed, Joseph Reed, (Ferryman,) Wm. Gem- 
ble, Andrew Thompson, John Thompson and Nicholas Strehr. 

For the Eighth Battalion. 

Major John Clark, John Henderson, John Hinckle, Andrew Schriber and Jacob 

"Archibald M' Clean voted Chairman for the present meeting. 

"The resolves of the town meeting of Philadelphia were read, and we concur with 
them in opinion. 

"That the prices of goods and provisions have, within the space of five or six 
months last past, arisen to an enormous hight, far be3'ond what they ought to be, 
in proportion to the quantity of the money or the circumstances of the times. 

"ist. Resolved, That the public have a right to inquire into the causes of such 
extraordinary abuses, and prevent them; that the prices of all goods and neces- 
saries of life, in the last month, without any real or apparent cause, have arisen 
very considerably, and it is our resolution not to be eaten up by monopolizers and 
forestallers; therefore, 

"2dly. Resolved, That we unconditionally insist and demand that the advance or 
monopolized prices of the month last past, and of this month, be instantly taken 


off, and that the prices of those articles be reduced to what they were the first day 
of May last. 

"3dly. Resolved, That a committee of three or more reputable persons from 
each battalion be appointed ( where the same is not already done, ) who shall meet 
together at York Town on the 28th day the instant, June, to ascertain the retail 
prices of all goods and necessaries of life as they stood on the first day of May last, 
and to publish the same for the government of buyer and seller, and to receive in 
writing all complaints against such dealers as may refuse to comply with or ob- 
struct the execution of this regulation, and report the same to the next district 

"4hly. Resolved, That we will support the committee in the execution of their 
duty, encourage fair and honest commerce, and suppress to the utmost of our 
power, and at the hazard of our lives, engrossing, monopolizing, forestalling and 

"silly. Resolved, That it is to the interest of town and country to concur in 
measures for the mutual relief of both; that the proceedings of this committee be 
transcribed and sent to the several districts of this county for their consideration 
and their assistance therein. 

"6hly. Resolved, That this meeting will support the laws of this Commonwealth, 
and aid the civil magistrates and officers in the execution thereof, and the assist- 
ance of the several districts of this county is requested for this purpose. 

"ythly. Resolved, That no goods, or any of the necessaries of life be removed for 
sale into any district, county or state that does not enter int these or similar reso- 
lutions, and that the committee be authorized to seize any goods or provisions so 
removed, or attempted to be removed, except they be for supplying the army. 

"8thly. Resolved, Unanimously, That our representatives in General Assembly 
be instructed to use their endeavors to procure a law at next sitting, founded on 
justice and sound policy, for preventing in future the sale of foreign goods and 
commodities through a number of hands, each of whom, by laying a large profit 
thereon, hath a tendency to greatly enhance the prices; and that they further be 
instructed to limit the same into only one purchaser, from the importer to the 

"Signed by order of the meeting. 


"July 26, 1779. 

" It having been suggested that the committee for the town of York had been 
elected only for the purpose of corresponding with the other battalions of this 
county, and forming committees throughout the same, and reporting their sense 
respecting the proposed regulation of prices, and that when the same was done 
their power ceased, and that another committee should be elected, in order to fix 
and ascertain the real prices of all goods and commodities within the same; where- 
upon, after due notice for that purpose was given, a respectable number of the in- 
habitants of the tovvn and district met at the Court House and resolved as fol- 
lows, viz: 

"ist. Resolved, That a committee, consisting of thirteen persons, be chosen by 
ballot, to represent this town, the said committee to continue until the end of the 
next sitting of the General Assembly, or until effectual measures shall be taken by 
that body for preventing forestalling, extortion and depreciation. 
















"2dly. Resolved, That the said committee, or a majority of them, do confer with 
the deputies from the other parts of the county and if it shall appear to be the 
sense of the majority of the town and county that prudent regulations of trade, as 
well as of articles imported as of the produce of the country, be entered into, then 
that the said committee shall agree thereto, and that they be empowered to carry 
the same into execution. 

"The ballots being taken, the following persons were chosen of the committee, 
viz: David Jameson and William Scott, Esqs., Christopher Lauman, Colonel 
Henry Miller and John Hay, Archibald ZVIcClean, Esq., Dr. Peter Mundorf, \Vm. 
Alexander, George Gump, Robert Galbreath, Esq., Dr. Robert Henry, John Heck- 
endorn and Joseph Welshanutz. ' ' 

"June 2Sth, 1779. 
"At a meeting of the committee of Yorktown and the deputies from the several 
battalions of this County, agreeable to a former resolve, present (the committee of 
the Town above named): 

"ist battalion had not received notice. 
James Sharp. 

John ZSI'Kissock and Jacob Beaver. 
James Dickson and John M'Clure. 
Aquila Wiley, Michael Geiselman and Jacob KauflFelt. 
Andrew Thompson, William Smyley and Joseph Reed, Esq. 
James Russell and Moses M'Clean. 
Nicbelas Bedinger, Wra. Guyon and John Clark, Jun. 
"Archibald M'Clean, Esq., unanimously chosen Chairman. 

"The resolves of the preceding meetings were again read, and agreed to by all 
present, excepting by the deputies of the Sixth battalion. 
"After which it was resolved as follows, viz: 

"ist. Resolved, Unanimously, That we will endeavor by all prudent and just 
methods to investigate the conduct of all persons amongst us, v,-ho are trusted with 
public money and public property, and if any missapplication or peculation thereof 
appears, will report the same, with the proofs thereof, to the justices, that a speedy 
stop may be put to such nefarious practices, and the delinquents brought to con- 
dign and exemplary punishment. 

"2dly. Resolved, Unanimously, That it be recommended to the inhabitants of 
this County that they, as soon as possible, put into the loan office as much of their 
money as they can spare on loan, and those who have already lodged money in the 
office to be exchanged will it is hoped, leave the greater part of the same there, and 
take certificates on interest. ' ' ^ 

"3rdly. Resolved, Unanimously, That our representatives iu the General Assem- 
bly be instructed to use their utmost endeavors to procure a law to tax all moneys, 
except such as are paid into the loan office, and also a law to lay a double tax on 
all disaffected persons who have not taken the oath of allegiance and fidelity to 
this State, as prescribed by law, and the relaxation of the law with respect to per- 
sons of that character being generally complained of. ' ' 

June 29, 1779. 
"The sub committee, unto which was committed the ascertaining the retail 
prices, &c., reported as followeth, viz : — 

I This was a loan for the support of the government and the army. 


Bar iron at 7s. 6d. per lb and ^750 per ton. 

Best calfskin at $25 each, and in proportion for such as are of inferior quality. 

Kip skin at 42s. 6d. per lb. 

Sole leather, 27s. 6d. per lb. 

Harness leather, 32s. 6d. per lb. 

Upper leather, 37s. 6d. per lb. 

Saddlers and shoemakers to lower their prices in proportion to the leather. 

Sugar, from 22s. 6d. to 27s. per lb., according to quality. 

Coffee at 21 s. 3d. per lb. 

Wheat per bushel, £i>. 

Rye per bushel ^5. 

Indian Corn per bushel, £\ los. 

Oats per bushel, £2 los. 

Speltz per bushel, £1 los. 

Rye Iviquor per gallon, ^3 15s. 

Reapers and Mowers an half bushel of Wheat, or value thereof per day. 

"4thly. Resolved, unanimously. That the said prices, before the present be 
agreed to and published, together with an address to the good people of this 


"Gentlemen : — Need we remind our fellow citizens that the inhabitants of this 
County took a very early and decisive part in the cause of liberty and their coun- 
try, at a time when the coasts of the Continent were overspread with formidable 
natives, and our cities and fields encompassed with numerous armies, all bent on 
our destruction ; at a time when we were almost without arms, without ammuni- 
tion, and without an ally, and in want of almost every necessary for carrying on a 
war ; at the time when the gloomy tyrant, with his infernal Council, were at peace 
with all the European powers, and actually possessed of an army of fifty thousand 
armed and disciplined ruffians, nursed and educated in the trades of murder, rob- 
bery, rape and assassination, carrying fare and desolation throughout almost every 
part of the Continent, openly aided by their copper faced allies (the savages) and 
more privately by the tories and parracides amongst us. 

" In a contest unequal it was the good pleasure of Providence to inspire our 
troops with bravery and resolution in their various conflicts against so formidable 
a foe. A handful of Americans repulsed and disgraced a part of their fleet before 
Fort Moultrie, Trenton, Princeton and Saratoga, will long perpetuate the disgrace 
of the British and the Hessian arms. One of the first princes in Europe has 
acknowledged our independence, and entered into an alliance of perfect equality. 
Those haughty lords of the sea, who impiously presumed to claim omnipotence on 
that element, have been blasted in America and disgraced in Europe. Those 
boasted conquerors w^ere compelled to evacuate Philadelphia, and by a mid-night 
flight saved themselves from utter ruin at INIonmouth. 

"Yet, while the virtuous and the brave have been sacrificing life and fortune to 
procure the blessings of liberty to their countrymen and posterity, a set of extor- 
tioners, forestallers, engrossers and depredators of our currency, like swarms of 
locusts from the bottomless pit, threatened to obscure our political horizon and eat 
up every plant of liberty. Some for the love of money (the root of all evil), and 
others from motives still more detestable to freemen, have combined to create an 


artificial famine in the midst of plenty, and to depreciate our currency so as to ren- 
der it unfit for a medium of trade, and, in short, to enhance all the necessaries and 
conveniences of life to a most enormous extreme. 

" In the metropolis and in many of the counties in this State, they have chosen 
committees to consider of ways and means to prevent the increase of the evils so 
severely felt and to alleviate the symptoms, until the Legislative body, in conjunc- 
tion with the other States, shall apply a radical cure, 

"A very great majority of the friends of liberty in York county have come to 
sundry resolutions for the purpose of restoring credit to our money, and to encour- 
age fair trade and dealing, and prevent the evils of engrossing, monopolizing and 
depreciation. And I am directed by the authority of the committee for ascertain- 
ing the retail prices of all goods and necessaries of life, to publish the following 
prices and rates for the information of buyer and seller ; and in case any person 
shall presume to contravene the sense of the public herein, they must expect to be 
treated as inimical to the liberties of America, and held up to the public in that 
light, and otherwise dealt with according to the utmost rigor of the law. (See 
prices before inserted. ) 

"It is expected that all other goods not edumerated will be sold as they were 
on the first day of May last, and that all tradesmen will promote the design of the 
committee by lowering their prices ; and also it is recommended to the inhabitants 
of this county to purchase no more tiian they want for immediate use, as a second 
regulation will be entered into very soon, it having already taken place in Phila- 

" Signed by order and in behalf of the committee. 


" Monday, July 12, 1779. 
"In committee. Resolved, That two of the members for the town do sit at the 
Court House everj' afternoon, from six until seven o'clock, in rotation, agreeable 
to the order of the last election, in order to receive complaints made against delin- 
quents from time to time, and when the case requireth, report the same to the 
Chairman, that, if necessary', the whole committee may be called. A true copy 
from the minutes. ARCHIBALD M'CLEAN, Chairman." 


The brisk circulation in the beginning of the Revohition of a 
large quantity of paper money, had caused both activity and deci- 
sion. Every fear of a happy determination of the contest was, by means banished, and every past misfortune unlamented. But 
the failure of each succeeding scheme of co-operation with the 
French, produced despondency among the troops, the depreciation 
of the paper money, stagnation of the pursuits of Commerce ; and 
it was, for a time, doubtful, whether the Americans were to be in- 
dependent citizens or conquered subjects. 

The depreciation of the Continental money continued, despite 


the patriotic protests and schemes of the citizens of York and other 
places. It began at different periods in the different states ; but 
in general about the middle of 1777, two years after its first appear- 
ance. Towards the end of that year, the depreciation was about 
two or three for one. In 1778 it increased to six, and in the fol- 
lowing year to twenty-eight for one dollar. In 1780, when it 
amounted to two hundred millions, to fifty or sixty for one dollar ; 
after which period its circulation was only partial. But where it 
did pass, it soon fell to one hundred and fifty for one. In 1780, 
the officers of the Jersey line addressed a memorial to the State 
legislature, complaining that four month's pay of a private could 
not procure for his family a single bushel of wheat, and that the 
pay of colonel would not purchase oats for his horse. 

In a few places, the paper money continued in circulation for 
the first four or five months of 1781 ; but at this time many would 
not take it at any price ; and they who did, received at the rate of 
several hundreds for one. Besides that immense sum, the paper 
bills of the individual States amounted to many millions, which 
added still further to its depreciation, and it soon ceased to have 

Towards the latter part of 1781, a large amount of gold and sil- 
ver was introduced by a beneficial trade with the Spanish West 
India Islands ; and the King of France lent the United States sev- 
eral millions of livres, besides pledging his security for a large sum 
borrowed for their use in Holland. A regular system of finance 
also was adopted under the direction of Robert Morris, and the 
Bank of North America of Philadelphia was eminently useful in 
furnishing the sinews of war. The issuing of paper under the au- 
thority of the government was discontinued, and the public engage- 
ments were made payable in coin. Two hundred millions of Con- 
tinental paper dollars were made redeemable by five millions of 
silver ; a measure submitted to without any trouble, as the paper 
money had now gone to a great extent into the hands of specu- 

NOTE 18. 

(PAGE 115.) 

New York Prison Ship Martyrs. 

Where Some of the York Prisoners Were Confined.^ 

/TpMIE Prison Ships in New York Harbor, during the Revo- 
I hition, were vessels that brought the British soldiers to 

A New York. They lay first in Gravesend Bay, and there 
received some of the prisoners taken in the battles of 
Long Island and Fort Washington. Afterward they were an- 
chored in North and East Rivers, and eventually the station for 
most of them was in the Wallabout, moored a few rods from the 
shore. Among the well known vessels were the Good Hope, the 
Witby, the Falmouth, and above all, the famous Jersey. Origin- 
ally a 64-gun ship, she was dismantled in 1776 as unfit for service, 
and used as a storeship, until the Good Hope was burned, when 
she took the place of the latter as a prison ship. After the war 
she was allowed to decay, and sank, but her ribs were visible at 
low tide for a score of years. They are now covered by the Navy 

Thousands of American prisoners were confined in the North 
Dutch and Middle Dutch churches of New York, and in the large 
sugar houses of Rheinlander, Van Cortlandt, and Livingston, and 
in the provost jail. Their sufferings from lack of air, from neg- 
lect, and from ill treatment were great, and hundreds died ; but ^ 
the terrible mortality in the ships, and above all in the Jersey, has 
given them a name for horrors that has continued to this day. 

Almost inconceivable as is the statement, in view of the whole 
number of the prisoners, and also of the various places used for 
their confinement, largely, as has been said, on land, it is never- 
theless believed that in the course of the war more than 11,000 
American prisoners perished in these fearful hulks. They were 

'Ante. p. 114, Notes 12, 16, 19, 34. 


THE KEW Yopj^ 



provided, it is true, with three hospital ships, which lay near the 
Jersey, and the sick were removed to them, while the prisoners 
could spend a part of the day on deck, where their bedding was 
aired. But at sunset, at the cry of "Down, Rebels, down," they 
had to go below, where perhaps a thousand might lie in rows, in 
foul air and perhaps stifling heat. Thus, with fevers and 
other diseases, the lack of cleanliness, and often bad and scanty 
food, and want of proper clothing, the wretched captives lan- 
guished and died in great numbers. As some prisoners succeeded 
in escaping from the prison ships, the result was that only a few 
were allowed on deck at a time, and other restrictions were im- 
posed, so that the confinement became most severe. Day after 
day the dead were taken out in boats, and buried on the beach in 
shallow excavations, so that afterward, under the action of the 
wind and waves, bones were uncovered and lay whitening in the 
sun. At length in 1808, many hogsheads of these bones were 
collected and placed in a common sepulchre. About thirty years 
ago a fine monument was raised in the Trinity churchyard to the 
memory of all the victims of the prison pens in New York. 

Pennsylvania Troops in the Prison- Pens and Ships in New 
York. Their Privations and Sufferings.' 

"Depositions Relative to the Conduct and Behaviour of the British Army. 

"Samuel Young being solemnly sworn and interrogate; That he was taken 
prisoner at Fort Washington by the English Army on Saturday the. . . .day of. . . .; 
that hfe was carried a few miles with the other prisoners that night, and kept in 
some outhouse till Monday, when they came to New York, and where they were 
confined, he and others to the number of five hundred, in a stable, and that all 
this while they had no victuals given them of any kind till the Monday night; 
that their enemies then threw into, in a confused manner, as if to so many hogs, a 
quantity of old biscuit, broken and in crumbs, mostly molded, and some of it 
crawling with maggots, which they were obliged to scramble for without any di- 
vision; that the next day they had a little pork given to each of them, which they 
were obliged to eat raw, and afterwards they got sometimes a bit of pork, and at 
other times peas, biscuit and rice. 

BeijQg confined two weeks in a church in New York, that afterwards they were 
carried on board a ship, where about five hundred were confined below deck; that 
during their confinement they suffered greatly with cold, not being allowed any 
fire; that they all along were treated with the greatest indignity and insulted by 
soldiers, by the inhabitants of New Y^'ork, by numbers of women, and even by 

iPeter Force's American Archives, 5 series, Vol. 3, page 1234. 


negroes; that great numbers died in this confinement, sometimes three, sometimes 
four or more every day, and one day nine died. 

That they themselves are in a frail state of health, occasioned by this barbarous 
usage; and many of them who were released died upon the road before they 
reached home." 

Sworn before us ~| 

December is, 1776. 







NOTE 19. 

(PAGE 115.) 

The Revolutionary Dead in the New York Trinity 


A Noble Appeal of J. Barnitz Bacon Formerly of York. 

From the People^ s Advocate ( York) February 21 , 1854: 

"The project of opening a new street through the cemetery attached to Trinity 
Church, New York, and the consequent disturbance of the dead, has sent a shud- 
der through the entire country. All are interested in preserving the graves of kin- 
dred and friends inviolate. The following appeal to the Common Council of New 
York City, was published in the New York Herald, and was written by Jacob B. 
Bacon, Esq., a son of the late Rev. Samuel Bacon, of this place, and a grandson of 
the late Jacob Barnitz, Esq. It possesses considerable local interest, and is worthy 
of perusal : 

'^To the Honorable, the Common Council of the City of New York: 

The undersigned respectfully joins in the prayer of many of his fellow-citizens 
to your honorable body, asking for the repeal of the ordinance of the late Common 
Council relative to the extension of Albany Street through Trinity Churchyard. 

In support of his position, the undersigned begs leave to present the following 
facts connected with our Revolutionary history : 

Among the earliest of the patriotic spirits who marched from their homes to de- 
fend the City of New York against the armies of Great Britain in 1776, were the 
regiments contributed by the counties of York and Lancaster, in Pennsylvania. 
They were composed entirely of young men, the majority of them of German des- 
cent, and animated by that hatred of oppression and enthusiasm in the cause of 
freedom, which distinguish their race at the present day. 

Five regiments marched from the county of York to New Jersey, in July, 1776, 
and of these, two were detached to form part of the ' flying camp ' — a corps of 
10,000 men, voted by Congress on June 3, 1776. These two regiments were sta- 
tioned in the vicinity of the city of New York. A portion of them were killed or 
taken prisoners at the battle of Brooklyn Heights, and the balance either fell on 
the field of battle at the taking of Fort Washington, on the i6th of November, 1776, 
or were captured on that disastrous occasion, and marched down to the city. Here 
they, in common with thousands of their fellow-patriots, sufiered unheard of cruel- 
ties in the prisons and sugar houses of New York. 

The regiment of Col. Michael Swoope, consisting of eight companies, sufifered 
severely at Fort Washington. Death on the field or by wounds, or from horrors 
of the prisons, left but few to return to the green hills of the Codorus. 


Ensign and Adjutant Barnitz of this regiment, then but eighteen years old, fell 
at Fort Washington, with a musket ball in each leg. Being carried to the city 
prisons with the survivors of his regiment, he was soon afterwards removed to 
comfortable quarters in the old house formerly standing at No. 9 Bowery, in con- 
sequence of the severity of his wounds, and at the intercession of an old family 
friend — Major General William Alexander, Lord Stirling, who was then also a 
prisoner, having been shortly before captured on Long Island. Adjutant Barnitz 
here lay with unhealed wounds for fifteen months; but during that time he was 
not insensible to the still greater sufferings of his companions in arms, and with 
the help of the noble-hearted officer just mentioned, he was enabled to alleviate 
their captivity and to care for their remains when dead. 

Being generally of the Lutheran faith, the graveyard of that denomination, ad- 
joining the Trinity Church (subsequently the site of Grace Church ) would have 
been their appropriate burying place, but the church had been destroyed in the 
conflagration which occurred shortly after the occupation of the city by the Brit- 
ish army, and the burial ground was unprotected. 

A successful effort was therefore made to obtain a place of sepulture in Trinity 
Churchyard. Adjutant Barnitz was attached to Captain Christian Stake's Com- 
pany, of Swoope's Regiment, composed of young men of the best families of the 
town of York. To these more particularly, as being his more immediate comrades, 
such care as he could afford was given. 

Of this company the following were buried in the north-western portion of the 
grounds, at that time bordering on the water, viz: — Sergeant Peter Haak, Sergeant 
Jno. Hicks; Privates, Hugh Dobbins, Henry Hoff, David Parker, and probably 
one or two others. Capt. M'Carter, (of Colonel Richard M'Alister's Regiment, 
from the same county) died of wounds received at Fort Washington, and was also 
buried at Trinity graveyard. 

It may be proper to state that these facts are derived partly from the History of 
the County of York, by A. J. Glossbrenner, Esq., (now Sergeant-at-Arms of the 
House of Representatives of the United States) and partly from the papers and 
reminiscences of the old veterans who, in the winter, were wont to relate the 
stories of their battles, and each 'to shoulder his staff and show how fields were 

To the soldier, the last resting place of his comrade is consecrated by the mem- 
ory of the trials, the conflicts, the sacrifices, and the sufferings which they have, 
shoulder to shoulder, encountered. He feels that his honor rests by that mound 
of earth, and must guard it from violation while life shall last. He bequeaths its 
care to his countrymen, as a place of sacred memories, and never for a moment 
dreams that future years may bring spoilers of the tomb, who will forget their duty 
to the blood which cemented the foundations of the republic. 

The Mexican war was prolific in instances where those who fell were exhumed 
by committees sent by their surviving comrades, and received a soldier's burial at 

Permit me to relate a fact in this connection : 

At the call for volunteers for the Mexican war, William Eurich marched with 
his company from the town of York, and joined the Pennsylvania regiment. In 
the battle which occurred before the walls of Puebla, Eurich, with others of his 
company, having charged close up to the Mexican lines, saw his friend and com- 
rade shot dead by his side. A superior force compelled them to retreat, but Eurich 


paused, and shouldering his friend's body was bearing it oflF to a place of safe sepul- 
ture, when a ball struck him, and the brave fellow sank in death by the body of 
his much loved friend. Enrich was a grandson of Michael Enrich, one of the cap- 
tured soldiers of Fort Washington. 

Shall the stern heart and rough nature of a soldier beat with so hallowed a feel- 
ing, and shall the citizen, the merchant, and the legislator repudiate it? 

Shall it be said that the city of New York desecrates the graves of her defenders, 
and, at the bidding of the money god, scatter to the winds the ashes of the soldiers 
of liberty ? 

These patriot soldiers who no»v repose in the churchyard of Trinity, died far 
from friends and home. They laid down their lives in their youth. They left no 
sons to speak for them. Their silent dust cannot plead to you for rest. 

It therefore becomes my duty and privilege to address you. 

I was born where they were born. Their friends were my friends, and my early 
days were familiar with the green hills which they last looked upon when they 
marched to defend your city. 

My earnest petition to the Common Council of the City of New York is, that the 
remains of those martyrs of our independence may be left in peace in the graves 
where their comrades laid them. 

Respectfully, J. BarniTz Bacon, 

No. 157 Broadway, Feb. 6, 1854.' " 

NOTE 20. 

(page 115.) 

Letter from a Descendant of Col. Michael Swoope. 

"Chari,ton Heights, Prince George County, Md, 
"E. W. SPANGI.ER, Esq. 

" I find your letter in my portfolio among the unanswered ones, for which I beg 
pardon. I am a great-granddaughter of Col. Michael and Eva Swoope. A pewter 
plate in my possession, like one of the Mayflower plates, has ' Eva Swoope,' en- 
graved on it. You ask a great deal of me for all of their descendants, for they are 
a multitude. I will give you enough, but not all. My grandfather, the Hon. 
Jacob Swoope, represented Augusta County, Virginia, in Congress, Augusta County 
at that time embraced a very large extent of territory. He was a remarkably fine- 
looking man, a most successful one in accumulated wealth, and possessed the con- 
fidence of intelligent and prosperous people he lived among. He emancipated his 
slaves at his death and providing for them, and sending them to Ohio, where they 
became well off, and educated. He married Mary McDowell, a sister of Dr. Lay- 
bron, of the old Presbyterian Church, then on Lafayette street. A brother of his, 
Dr. Swoope, was a surgeon in the United States Navy, A sister, Mrs. Thompson, 
of Providence, Rhode Island, had a daughter or granddaughter who married Prof. 
Angel. Col. Swope, from Kentucky, who was in Congress some years ago, was a 
cousin, whose daughter married Judge Lawrence, of St, Louis, Mo. My oldest 
brother. Dr. Swoope, of Virginia, my youngest brother, Boiling Swoope, of Florida, 
are most influential men of wealth and usefulness. 

" Now I come down to myself. I am the widow of the late Gen. Edward P. Car- 
rington, late U. S. Attorney, for the District of Columbia, who was appointed by 
President Lincoln, and served ten years most eminently, and successfully. He 
raised the first volunteer company for Mexico, and the first volunteer company for 
the defence of the Capital in the late war. My two sons were men of talent and 
wealth ; Edward C. Carrington, Baltimore, Md., with two promising sons, Edward 
Jr., and Campbell, all lawyers. My youngest son, Campbell Carrington, is a most 
successful lawyer in Washington, D. C. 

"This little bit of history I now write, may make your book sell well, with a 
picture of the old Colonial house I occupy, which Louis Kossuth, the exiled patriot, 
occupied when he was in this country. He made a visit here and slept in a room 
which is placarded as a fact — a Hungarian family then occupied the house, and 
they were all friends when boys. 

"By my mother's side of the house, I am great-niece of Gen. Andrew Lewis, 
whose statue is among the bronze groupe in Richmond Va., and am also a grand- 
niece of Gen. Richard Montgomery, who fell at Quebec, in 1775, and who was mar- 
ried to Miss Livingston, of New York. 

"Respectfully Yours, 

" Marie A. Carrington." 





In " A Memorial discourse on the life, character and services of 
Gen. Edward C. Carrington, delivered at the First Presbyterian 
Church, of Washington, D. C, by the pastor, Rev. Dr. Byron Sun- 
derland, June 5, 1892," occurs the following: 

' ' Nor less happy was he in the union of his married life with her who mourns 
him today in the tokens of fresh widowhood, and who traces her family relation- 
ship through the Swoopes, the Trents and the Lewises of Revolutionary fame." 

NOTE 21. 

(page ii8. ) 

The Pennsylvania Germans. 

Compared with their Defamers. Their Perrsecutions and 

Early Trials. Contemptuous Treatment by their 

English Neighbors. Their Dialect, and 

their Glorious Record in the Wars 

OF THE Nation. 

Devastation of the Fatherland. 

/T^HE celebrated Edict of Nantes granted by Henry IV — the 
■ edict of pacification which secured to the Protestants 

JL the free exercise of their religious rights and privileges, 
— was suppressed in 1685 by a decree which inundated 
France with blood and tears. Following the revocation, the 
French troops under Turenne broke in upon the Palatinate on the 
Rhine, and quartered upon it, while the Superintendents sent by 
Luvois were burning and plundering the country, crushed as it 
was under war contributions. The attendant devastation was 
but the stern prelude to bloody and relentless persecutions. To 
escape the continuation of these dreadful sufferings, Germans and 
other Protestants emigrated to the English Colonies in America. 

The Germans sailed chiefly from the seaport of Rotterdam, and 
after a long and tiresome voyage of the period, arrived in the 
Province of Penn.^ 

For many years they were repressed by a hostile legislature, and 
their English-speaking neighbors denied them naturalization and 
the elective franchise, although they taxed them forty shillings 
each from the moment of their landing. Therefore, they could 
not at the outset, in the nature of things, supply their adopted 

iPage 16, 


country with either political or military leaders. But not many 
years elapsed before they assumed the stations of honor and dis- 
tinction to which by merit they were entitled. The English col- 
onists regarded them as their inferiors, often subjecting them to 
the "insolence of office, and the proud man's contumely." The 
testy and querulous John Adams, as late as 1777, designated them 
in politics as "a breed of mongrels or neutrals and benumbed with 
a general torpor'" — an accusation of contemptible passivity, intel- 
lectual immobility and patriotic torpor, that is shown to have 
been a fabrication and a libel." Compare their merits and de- 
merits with those of their neighbors : 

The Puritans, ostensibly, came to America to seek for them- 
selves the unmolested exercise of faith and the practice of worship ; 
and yet, after they had fastened themselves firmly upon the New 
England soil, they assumed the prerogatives of special embassadors 
of Providence for the direction of their neighbors' consciences, and 
in their turn with the most unchristian cruelty began to oppress 
and persecute others, and 

' ' Prove their doctrine orthodox 
By apostolic blows and knocks." 

Toleration was preached against, as a sin in rulers, that would 

bring down the judgment of Heaven upon the land. Mr. Dudley 

died with a copy of verses in his pocket, of which the following 

lines make a part : 

" Let men of God, in court and churches, watch, 
O'er such as do a toleration hatch." 

They danced in silken hose to music made by slaves — and called 
it freedom, and in bell-crowned hats they led Hester Prynne to her 
shame — and called it religion. 

The Puritans came to New England really from motives pecun- 
iary and speculative. They were actuated by greed and cupidity, 
so characteristic of nearly all Englishmen of every generation. 
Under the guise of civilization and conversion, they deluded and 
plundered the credulous Indian, and refrained not to 

" Call fire and sword and desolation 
A godly thorough reformation ; 
Such as build their faith upon 

The holy text of sword and gun." 
iNote 50. 
^Notes 34, 41, 47. 


When the occupation of plundering aborigines had ceased for 
want of material, Puritan " tolerance " was exhibited by the hang- 
ing of Quakers and superannuated women as " witches." Hanging 
was adopted on account of its being more ignominious than burn- 
ing. No wonder at the annual feasts of the many New England 
Societies, the debarkation of their ancestors on this continent is 
made dramatic by the tossing of their ships on a rock-bound coast, 
their advent celebrated in poesy, and their "liberty-loving consist- 
ency and religious tolerance " constitute the theme for the loftiest 
flights of impassioned eloquence. 

The Quaker came also from pecuniary motives, and while will- 
ing to enjoy unmolested the blessings of liberty, was unwilling, on 
account of alleged religious scruples, to bear arms in its preserva- 
tion and defence. The Scotch-Irishmen came for political reasons 
and preferment. 

The Cavalier of Virginia came not for " liberty of conscience," 
(Lord Baltimore was given by them an unwelcome reception on 
account of his religion) but from a spirit of adventure, or to serve 
out a sentence. In its early settlement Virginia became the Bot- 
any Bay of English criminals. In the two recent volumes on Vir- 
ginia genealogies no mention is made of this " enforced exile." 
From the manuscript transactions of the London Company it ap- 
pears that on October 20, 1619, a letter from His Majesty, James I, 
for " the sending of divers dissolute persons to Virginia," was laid 
before the court or board for action. The treasurer reported to the 
Company that the convicts " could not go in less than four shippes, 
for fear that they being many together, they draw more into them, 
and so muteny and carr>' away the shippes, which would stande 
the Company in foure thousand pounds." 

William Smith, in his " History of Virginia," (1747) is rightly 
indignant at the custom of " transporting loose and dissolute per- 
sons to Virginia as a place of punishment and disgrace, which, 
although originally designed for the advancement and increase of 
the colony yet has certainly proved a great hindrance to its growth, 
for it hath laid one of the finest countries in British America under 
the just scandal of being a mere Hell upon Earth, another Siberia, 
and only fit for the reception of malefactors and the vilest of the 
people. So that few people, at least few large bodies of people, 



have been induced, willingly, to transport themselves to such a 
place, and our younger sisters, the Northern Colonies, have profited 
thereby. For this is one cause that they have outstripped us so 
much in the number of their inhabitants, and in the goodness and 
frequency of their cities and towns." These penal colonists hav- 
ing been " confined " to aristocratic leisure, were not fitted nor in- 
clined to subdue the waste places, or fell the dense forests. 

The arbitrary assumptions of thirty-five years ago by descend- 
ants were evidently due to inherited convictions. 

In the year 1620, Virginia had the honor of first introducing the 
curse of slavery on this continent. The concomitant evils of this 
institution did not, in 1747, make themselves as yet apparent to 
the historian. 

The Mennonites, often called German Quakers, were the first 
people in Pennsylvania, and the first people in America to suggest 
the abolition of negro slavery. In 1688 some of them, who were 
living in Germantown, sent a petition to that effect to the English 
Quakers, who afterwards adopted the idea and became famous for 
the advocacy of it. The petition is full of quaint expressions, es- 
pecially one paragraph. 

"If once these slaves (wch they say are so wicked and stubborn men) should 
joint themselves, fight for their freedom and handel their masters and mastrisses 
tacke the sword a hand & warr against these poor slaves, licke we are able to be- 
lieve, some will not refuse to doe? Or have these negers not as much right to 
fight for their freedom, as you have to keep them slaves? 

Unlike other settlers 
the sturdy and thrifty 
Germans, after fleeing 
from feudal oppressions 
and religious intoler- 
ence, came not only to 
exercise their desire 
for religious liberty, but 
with the avowed inten- 
tion of founding per- 
manent homes in the 
forest of the West. 
After securing an asy- 
lum in Pennsylvania they, like the Roman Catholics of Maryland, 

OF CONSCIENCE. (Old print.) 


(who received and protected their Christian brethren of every 
church) interfered with none in the exercise of his religious faith, 
and in all their relations scrupulously observed the virtues of the 
golden rule. 

In repelling the insinuations and attacks upon the Pennsylvania 
Germans, and returning the assault, it is not contended that the 
Germans, in the concrete, were superior in all respects to the other 
colonists. But they were at least the equals of their defamers. 
Neither the Puritan, the Quaker, the Scotch-Irish, the Cavalier 
nor the German, was singly the depositary of all earthly wisdom 
and virtues. Neither was faultless nor flawless, nor had the right 
to assume an air of superiority, and lord it over and asperse the 
other. It required the union of all these hetrogeneous elements 
to produce and rear the Colonial Commonwealths. It was the 
gradual blending, by intercourse and intermarriage, of these varied 
racial elements that has given to the people of this Republic the 
distinctive characteristics of the inventive, progressive, irrepressi- 
ble and indomitable American. 

While not overwhelmed with riches upon their arrival, the 
German immigrants were not the paupers of the old world, but 
well to do, some even with titled honors. Even the most humble, 
by strict integrity, industry and economy advanced in respecta- 
bility, and attained honorable distinction and usefulness among 
men. Nor were they illiterate ; wherever there was a church there 
was a school. In a memorial to the authorities by the German in- 
habitants, a century and a half ago, containing over two hundred 
signatures, but one ?)ian made his mark. 

The Germans were intensely religious. Among their baggage, 
deep down in the traditional wood chest, there was a Bible, a Lit- 
urgy, a Hymn book and a Catechism. In the plain log church, 
with its pulpit erected on a stump of a tree, with no wooden, but 
stone floor, with no pews, and for a long time without a stove, the 
fervent prayer of the settlers wafted heavenward, asking God's 
blessing upon their new home in the primeval forest in which 
lurking savages abounded. Their religious devotion did not cease 
as they emerged from their tribulations and perils. As late as 
October 25, 1777, John Adams, with no prepossession in their 
favor, while in Yorktown, as stated, perforce attested as follows : 


" This town is a small one, not larger than Plymouth. There are in it two Ger- 
man churches, the one a Lutheran, the other Calvinistical. The Congregations 
are pretty numerous, and their attendance upon public worship is decent. It is 
remarkable that the Germans, wherever they are found, are careful to maintain 
the public worship, which is more than can be said of the other denominations of 
Christians this way. There is one church here, erected by the joint contributions 
of Episcopalians and Presbyterians, but the minister who is a missionary is con- 
fined for Toryism, so that they have had for a long time no public worship." 

They brought the useful arts of spinning and weaving linen and 
woolen cloth ; and to them we are largely indebted for various 
trades of indispensible utility to agriculture and society at large. 

Unlike the vScotch-Irish, who took to the Highlands, the native 
sagacity, thrift and shrewdness of the Germans led them to select 
the rich limestone lands of the valleys. Said Robert Proud, the 
early historian of Pennsylvania : "They are more adapted than any 
other nationalities to agriculture and the improvement of the wil- 
derness." This opinion was fully justified by events, for the wil- 
derness was not only heroically invaded, but subdued and im- 
proved ; the home of the Indians soon became dotted with the 
dwellings of the immigrants, the rude log house was followed by 
the substantial stone dwelling, and this again by the stately man- 
sion of brick, until the dense forest has been converted into beau- 
tiful gardens, towns and cities, and literally made to blossom like 
the rose of the Scriptures. 

Let us hear what a jovial stranger thought and said of the Penn- 
sylvania Germans who wrought this transformation : 

" I have lately passed through the Dutchiest part of Pennsylvania, and have ob- 
served some new and instructive points I never thought of before. Apparently 
said Dutch are a sedate people. They are as religious as New Englanders were 
fifty years ago. They are as sharp as Yankees after money, more saving and more 
generous. They are more intelligent, independent and happy than they appear, 
and bashful before strangers, especially the ladies. These and other traits make 
them appear exclusive and clannish, yet they are the most social and comical peo- 
ple in America. Among them (if one understands their glib dialect) one can hear 
more words, jokes and hearty laughs in a minute than ever the modern Greek or 
neu hoch Deutsch. I now have learned that the Pennsylvanians_. who are well ac- 
quainted in English, cling to their dialect in small rapid talk and the firing of a 
multiplicity of jokes. They laugh oftener than do the Yankees, their women can 
deliver four words to a Yankee woman's one in English, and more when excited. 
Therefore, Pennsylvania Dutch is a phonetic dialect. I patent this idea, and say 
to those who make fun of it that they can find more comical, witty characters — 
real Yankees — in Pennsylvania than in New England." 

Further as to the dialect of the Pennsylvania Germans, we quote 


the following from an address of Rev. F. J. F. Schantz, of I^ebanon 
County, at the first annual meeting in 1891, of the Pennsylvania 
German Society : 

" The Pennsylvania German ancestors spoke the dialect of their respective homes 
in Germany. The introduction of the use of the English has wrought great 
changes. IMany speak the dialect and English, and a large number speak the dia- 
lect, English and High German. Those of our number who heard their fathers 
speak the dialect — and their mothers the same — with very rare attempts to speak 
English cannot well lose their attachment to the language of their early homes. 
No wonder that the people never grow tired of Harbaugh's poems. No wonder 
that the plain Pennsylvania farmer, who wished to see the King of Saxony, gained 
entrance to the palace, when the King heard the farmer shouting to the guard who 
did not wish to admit him : ' Sagt 'em Koenig es waer en Bauer do vum Pennsyl- 
fenie in de United States der deht ihn gern sehne ; ' And when the King had 
ordered the guard to admit him no wonder the King was pleased with the Penn- 
sylvania German farmer who extended his hand to the King and said : ' Well 
Koenig, wie gehts, wie kummscht a? ' " 

The historians of the last century all make honorable mention 
of the influx of the sturdy Germans. In 1731 there were 15,000 
members of the Reformed Church in Pennsylvania from the Pal- 
atinate. Up to 1776, when the importations ceased, 39,000 Ger- 
man emigrants had arrived and settled mainly in Lancaster, York, 
Berks and Northampton counties. As early as 1790, when the 
population of this State did not exceed 435,000 there were already 
145,000 Germans; and it is estimated that from the stock have 
sprung descendants in this State alone to the number of 1,200,000. 
They have become Scientists, Lawyers, Clergymen, Professors, 
Judges, Physicians, Congressmen, Senators and Governors. Of 
the last are, Snyder, Hiester, Shultze, Wolf, Ritner, Shunk, and 
Hartranft. Their devotion to patriotic duty has been signalized 
in all emergencies; and the vicious aspersions cast upon their 
vigor and patriotism in the "times that tried men's souls," by John 
Adams, and others of English forbears, were entirely unwarranted, 
and due to wilful New England prejudice and obliquity. 

When the war clouds of the American Revolution burst and the 
people of Pennsylvania were summoned to arms for the struggle 
with tyranny, the German settlers were ready, and entered heartily 
into the conflict. Their bones lie on every battle-field of the 
Revolution. At Lundy's Lane, at North Point, on the Plains of 
Mexico, from Bull Run to Appomattox, they were in the forefront 
of the battle. Of the 300,000 veterans from Pennsylvania, who 


marched in defense of the Union, two-thirds were of Pennsylvania 
German descent. In every battle they were fearless and valiant, 
officers and men, reflecting honor and renown upon their State, the 
Nation and their race. 

"They whose heroic hands 

Proved ever first to guard 
The bulwarks of their native land, 

Unmindful of reward, 
Save that illustrious spirit's claim 

"Within the godlike rolls of Fame?" 

NOTE 22. 

(page 119.) 

The Cressap Invasion. 

Surveyor Butcher's Tribulations. 

"to the honbive thomas penn, proprietor of the province of 
pennsylvania, &c. 

ye petitioner humbly sheweth 

"That your Petitioner having accepted your benevolent favor of being Deputy 
Surveyor of all the Lands and Manners in that part of Lancaster County which lyes 
on the west side of Susquehanna river. When the same was attended with utmost 
DiflBculty and Scarcity of Bread ; Y^et notwithstanding your humble Petitioner hath 



WILLIAM PENN. (Old print.) 

hitherto Carried on the affair with the utmost integrity and Resolution: Have suf- 
fered no person to impose on the interest of the Honble Proprietors in the Execu- 
tion of his office: have Endeavored all peace as possible among the sittlers; Have 
laid out the Lands as regular as possible the places will bear — In performance of 
Now if the Honble Proprietor Out of goodness to your humble Petitioner con- 


which your Petitioner hath many Times been in hazard of Life many ways; Some- 
times threatened to be shott by Insolent persons, Many weeks at a time have seen 
no sort of bread have Suffered much cold Lying in the woods many Nights To- 
gether Took all patiently hoping to be Continued in the Honble Proprietors good 
Service When Times Should mend Bread more plenty and the affair settled be- 
tween the Honble Proprietor and Lord Baltimore. But your Petitioner having of 
late seen warrants Directed to another person to Execute surveys within the 
Bounds of aflForesaid and that on the most valuable part for advantage — proves 
very Discouraging to Your Petitioner in his undertaking. 

sidering the Hardships he has undergone will please Continue him in your Hons 
good service — according to the Limits as above sd until Something Shall appear to 
make him unworthy of your Hons benevolent favour; And your humble Petitioner 
in Gratitude Shall ever pray 

September loth 1738. ZACH BUTCHER." 

The above is one of the many complaints made on account of 

the encroachments by Lord Baltimore on Pennsylvania territory. 

The dispute led to violence and the Cressap intrusion.^ 

1 Ante p. 119. 

NOTE 23. 

(page 114.) 

The Dress, Houses, Utensils, Occupations and 
Pastimes of our Grandparents. 

"The first inhabitants west of the Susquehanna, were clothed for some years, 
altogether in tow cloth, as wool was an article not to be obtained. Their dress 
was simple, consisting of a shirt, trowsers and a frock. 

"During the heat of summer, a shirt and trowsers of tow formed their only rai- 
ment. In the fall the tow frock was superadded. When the cold winter was be- 
fore the door, and Boreas came rushing from the north, the dress was adapted to 
the season by increasing the number of frocks, so that in the coldest part of the 
winter some of the sturdy settlers were wrapt in four, five, and even more frocks, 
which were bound closely around their loins, usually with a string of the same ma- 
terial as the garments. 

"When sheep were introduced, a mixture of tow and wool was considered a 
luxury. But tow was shortly afterwards succeeded by cotton, and the linsey wool- 
sey was a piece of wildest extravagance. 

"For some time after these early settlements were made, there was neither a 
shoemaker, nor a tanner, in any part of York county. The supply was annually 
obtained from Philadelphia ; itinerant cobblers, traveling from one farm to another, 
earned a livelihood by mending shoes. The cobblers carried with them such a 
quantity of leather as they thought would be wanted in the district of their tem- 
porary visit. For a long time there was only one tailor in the count}', who made 
clothes for men and women. "^ 

The Second Generation. 

Hardly a generation had, however, passed, when the inhabi- 
tants, by industry and frugality, had made great advancement and 
improvement in their domestic comforts and relations, especially 
in the inland towns. As necessity is the mother of invention, 
their hands seized upon new resources and supplied their real 
wants. They drove the plough, they trafficked, builded, delved, 
they spun and wove. They had wooden trenchers first, then pew- 
ter, and finally earthen and queensware. Shoe buckles of steel or 
brass, rarely of silver, continued until 1800. The old men only 

^Glossbrenner's Historj' of York County. 



had a *' great coat," which lasted an average lifetime. Young men 
never thought of wearing an overcoat. The men had one pair of 
well-trimmed leather boots, reaching to the knees. The winter 
suit was homespun flannel breeches and jacket, long striped waist 
coat buttoned down before, a flannel or woolsey shirt, and blue 
yarn long stockings. The eldest boy had, for summer, a home- 
made suit, which, when overgrown, was handed down to the next. 
The women and girls wore on Sunday, in winter, homespun 


flannel. The more common dress of the women was a loose gown 
and petticoat. In this graceful and healthful costume, our grand- 
mothers baked, and washed, and ironed, carded and spun, warped 
and filled, wove and quilted, and rocked the cradle. They touched 
the spinning wheels with deft fingers, and from the shining spindle 
flew warp and woof as fine as gossamer and firm as threads of steel. 
The pride of these housekeepers culminated in their bed and bed- 
ding. Fine wool blankets, coverlets of elaborate designs, quilts in 
mosaic patterns, linen sheets as white as snow, all home made, 
were prepared for the trousseau of every fair-to-do young woman. 
Fine geese feather beds were an object of great emulation, and 


moved the social barometer much as would now a solid silver tea 

For many years most of the houses were innocent of paper or 
paint, and some of plastering, though kept light and clean with 
frequent whitewashing. Few had carpets, and these only in front 
of the chairs. The fire place equipments were a long crane with 
graduated hooks and trammels, large andirons, tongs, pokes and 
the bellows. Clocks were rare, and the hour glass did good ser- 
vice. The cupboard shelves glittered with rows of platters, plates, 
pans and pitchers. The open beams, girders and walls were fes- 
tooned with herbs and seeds and various home products for use or 
ornament. From roots, herbs, berries and wild flowers were pre- 
pared medicines to cure all the ills of body and soul. 

An old-time expression, "getting the mitten," meaning getting 
your offer of marriage rejected by your "best girl," has an origin 
in the custom of the earlier days. One hundred years ago gloves 
were unknown in the country — or country towns ; mittens were 
knitted and worn in all families. If a young man going home 
from singing school with the girl of his choice was holding her 
mittened hand, to keep it from getting cold, and took the oppor- 
tunity to urge his suit, if the offer proved acceptable, the hand 
would remain ; if otherwise, an effort to withdraw the hand would 
leave the mitten. So the suitor would get the mitten, but would 
not get the hand. 

In the early days the women went to their churches generally 
in short gowns and petticoats, and with check or white flaxen 
aprons. The first settlers used no wagons in going to market, but 
the women went and rode on a horse with two panniers, slung on 
each side of her. Then the people, especially man and wife, rode 
to church, funerals and visits both on one horse ; the woman sat 
on a pillion behind the man. In going to be married, the bride 
rode to the meeting behind her father, or next friend, seated on a 
pillion ; but after the marriage the pillion was placed, with her, 
behind the saddle of her husband. 

Fashions in Olden Times. 

The Centreville (Md.J Times publishes a letter, written by the Hon. Thomas 
Beddingfield Hands, in 1764, to a relation in England, from which we make the 


following extract, as showing the fashions of those days. The letter is dated 
"Chester, in Maryland, November 12, 1764," and after a reference to family af- 
fairs, says : 

"Maryland is not the Maryland that it was when I first arrived here. Letters 
and science, politeness and luxury are abundantly seen, in our manners, buildings, 
equipage, furniture, plate, dress, &c. In our press, we run the route, which you 
ladies set us. My daughters, now take seventeen yards of three-quarter mantau 
silk; and twenly-three yards of satin or tabby, to make them a robe. Whereas a 
little more than half of this quantity did use to serve their late excellent mother. 
When the gowns come home I find my silk cut into rags, by flourishing, scollop- 
ing, pinking, and I know not what. And when I begin to complain — 'O! my dear 
sir!— upon my word, Papa, this is the fashion.'' And Mistress Stitch-away never 
fails to second them. And I must return to my easy chair, and say no more." 

America One Hundred Years Ago. 

Every gentleman wore a queue and powdered his hair. 

Imprisonment for debt was a common practice. 

There was not a public library in the United States. 

Almost all the furniture was imported from England. 

An old copper mine in Connecticut was used as a prison. 

There was only one hat factory, and that made cocked hats. 

A day laborer considered himself well paid with two shillings a day. 

Crockery plates were objected to because they dulled the knives. 

A man who jeered at the preacher or criticised the sermon was fined. 

Virginia contained a fifth of the whole population of the country. 

A gentleman bowing to a lady always scraped his foot on the ground. 

Two stage coaches bore all the travel between New York and Boston. 

The whipping post and pillory were still standing in Boston and New York. 

Beef, pork, salt fish, potatoes, and hominy were the staple diet all the year round. 

Buttons were scarce and expensive, and the trousers were fastened with pegs or 

There were no manufactures in this country, and every housevdfe raised her 
own flax and made her own linen. 

The church collection was taken in a bag at the end of a pole, with a bell at- 
tached to rouse sleepy contributors. 

Leather breeches, a checked shirt, a red flannel jacket, and a cocked hat formed 
the dress of an artisan. 

When a man had enough tea he placed his spoon across his cup to indicate that 
he wanted no more. 

A new arrival in a jail was set upon by his fellow prisoners and robbed of every- 
thing he had. 

From the York Gazette of May 2^, 1816: 

Mr. Boudet respectfully informs the ladies and gentlemen of York and its 
vicinity, that his first ball will be given on Tuesday, the 28th inst. at the Sign of 
the Golden Swan, North George Street. The room is spacious and has a good 
floor. Tickets for Ladies and Gentlemen to be had at the Bar of Mr. Robert 

N. B. — A variety of new and elegant Cotillions will be introduced. 

NOTE 24, 

(page 141. 

Laying Out the Town of Yorktown and its Prog- 
ress. Its Condition in 1743, 1749, 1753, 1783 and 
1787. The Industrial Parade and Quaint 
Toasts in 1788. 

James Logan to the Proprietor. 

StenTon, 30th 8hr, 1743. 
May it please Your Honour : 

As you were pleased to commit to me the care & regulation of ye Gentlemen o£ 
the Town of York, on Codorus, on ye West side of the Susquehanna, laid out, in 
ye mannor you Proposed, I presume an account of ye progress, of it will no be dis- 
agreeable. First, then, after ye people had notice of a town to be laid out, They 


had a General meeting, & enter'd their names with me for Lots to ye number of 
70, & for promoting immediate Buildings then the principal persons concerned, in 
applying for ye Town had their first choice of ye Lots, & after them, as such as 
first apply'd with an intent to Build immediately. The people were satisfied with 
this, And wee have got eleven houses already Built in it, & several others setting 
on foot. I annex'd conditions on entering their names, that unless they Built in 
one year from the time their claim should be void, & give liberty to any other per- 
son to take up such lots. 


Water has been got at about i6 feet, pretty near ye highest part of ye town, 
which gives great encouragement to those settled from ye Creek. You may be 
pleased to remember that the centre of ye Town is two squares to ye eastward of ye 
Creek. The Houses built are from ye Creek towards ye Centre, and several L,ots 
are taken up to ye eastward of ye Centre. The people are very intent upon ye 
thing, & have opened a road to Patapsco ; some trading Gent there are desirous of 
opening a Trade to York & ye Country adjacent. The inhabitants seem willing to 
close with em' from ye shortness of ye cut, not being about 45 miles ; from Phila- 
delphia they are between 80 & 90 miles, beside ye Ferriage over Susquehanna. 
The 2 Religious Societies of which the Town & Country adjacent consist, (viz.) ye 
Lutherans and Calvinists, have apply'd each for a lot for a House of Worship, 
which in your name, I have promisee them, and they are going to build immedi- 
ately. The prospect of its being a County Town some time or other pleases most 
of ye people, tho' some pains is privately taken to frustrate any such Expectations. 
I have taken a skilful person with me, & viewed ye Creek well for a Conveniency 
for a Saw Mill, but cannot find a place any way convenient ; there's a fine run on 
a Tract adjoining this, in ye possession of one Bernard lyowman, by virtue of a 
grant of License by your direction, under Mr. Blunstons' hand on which a Mill 
might at easy expense be erected, & very commodious to ye Town. I have talked 
with him on my own acco't, and I'm in expectation of getting him to suit his 
claim upon a reasonable valuation of his improvement. 

As to the Mannor of Mask, It is pretty full of ye poorest soil of ye Irish, who 
declare themselved determined to keep possession, & prevent a Mannor being run 
out, & considering our present inability to enforce ye execution of ye civil power, 
& ye pains taken to propagate & improve a factious Spirit in ye People, it may 
not be amiss to suffer them to feel ye Inconvenience of Lawless force a little 
longer, for they begin to practise it upon one another, and complaints have been 
made to me, by several of those who first settled, & took imaginary Lines, 800 or 
1000 acres a piece for less than 800 acres. That the people crowded in so thick to 
settle, & knowing that ye former settlers had no better right than themselves, & 
that they were equally Trespassers, encroached upon ye first settlers, sate down 
where they pleased, every man according to his forces, by himself or friends, 
thereby occasioned great Quareling & disorders. This has put to use of ye most 
considerate of em' upon appl3dng for relief, & by this means must necessarily be 
brot to submit & bring things into order. I intend to survey a Tract of about 600 
acres, on Great Conewago, to ye Proprietors on next week, & I am informed of 
another Tract, of about 800 acres of good Land, higher upon ye same Creek, which 
if I find on viewing, to answer ye description, I shall also run out. The lands on 
Bermuddean, were chiefly settled, so that small settlements were only to be got. 
The people settled in my district on ye west side Susquehanna, are hastening to 
procure warr'ts of their Lands, being made sensible that they will not be suffered 
to sit undisturbed on their Lands for a Term of years without any application to 
ye office. 

I should have wrote sooner to your Honor, But could not have been to partic- 
ular. I understand by Mr. Peters, that you propose to return here next Summer, 
which will be very agreeable to ye people here. 

In the meantime, I will beg leave to otfer my Duty & services to your Brothers, 
& to assure you that nothing in my power relating to my office, or otherwise, 


shall be wanting to your service &. Interest, & that of your Family, & that I shall 
always entertain a gratefuU sense of your Favours to me. 

I am Hble Sr, 

Yr most Obedt. 

My wife hopes her complaints to Mrs. Frame, will not be taken amiss. 

York in 1749, 1754 and 1783. 

George Stevenson, Deputy Surveyor of York County in 1754, 
made a surv^ey of Yorktown. In the draft for the Proprietor 
Queen Street was the eastern, Philadelphia Street the Northern 
and "Prince" Street the Southern limit of the town. The lots 
west of the Codorus were not numbered. The lands surrounding 
the town were owned by Baltzer Spengler, Bartholomew Moul and 
John Hay, on the east, by Bernhard Lowman and Henry Spengler 
on the south, by Hermanns Bott on the west, and by John and 
James Wright on the north and northwest of the town. 

The town in 1749 consisted of sixty-three dwellings of wood. 

There was but one room with a fire place and hearth in the 
town, all the houses being accommodated with Dutch Stoves. 
This stove was a late invention, and was an iron box, one side of 
which was open, and set outside of the room, the stove itself pro- 
jecting through the partition. In 1754 there were 210 dwelling 
houses, of which three were of brick and two of stone. The Court 
House was of brick and unfinished, and the Prison, on the 
northeast corner of George and King streets, was of stone. 
The former was finished in 1756. The square west of the Codorus 
Creek'' was quite a swamp in wet weather, and a large part of it 
was overflowed during heavy rains, and was deemed unfit to build 
upon. Part of the road through it was a wooden causeway. In 
1783 there were 293 houses, 866 male and 913 female inhabitants, 
or a population of 1779, with 38 negro slaves. In 1755 the mar- 
kets were chartered by the proprietaries ; two markets, one on 
Wednesday and one on Saturday. The market house, adjoining 
the Court House on the west, was built about 1758, and was torn 
down with its neighbor in 1842. In 1787, when York was incor- 
porated into a borough, Gen. Henry Miller and Rev. David Cont- 
ler were the two Burgesses, the former being called Chief Burgess, 






The population was then about 2,000. On March 4, 1788, York 
celebrated the adoption of the Constitution of the United States. 
There was a procession in which the trades were represented, and 
a banquet, speeches and toasts, the last being as follows : 

The Celebrated Toasts Given at the Banquet of the In- 
dustrial Parade in York 1788.^ 

'From Carey's American Museum. Vol. 6, pages 311 and 410. 

" Ingenious toasts given at York, in Pennsylvania, by the bearers of the flags, in 
the procession formed to celebrate the progress of the new Constitution. 

"Toast Given by the Bearer of the United States Flag. 
" May our povrers explore every inlet of the habitual globe — our flag ride tri- 
umphant on every ocean. May impartiality wield the sword of Justice, and im- 
petuosity the sword of war. 

" Flag of the State of Pennsylvania. 
"The State of Pennsylvania — may she hold the federal balance, and become the 
arbitress of the Continent. 

Magistrate's Flag. 
" May justice by her sword protect her scales — may nothing but righteousness 
turn the beam— and may the write of sophistry what convulsed Belleshazzar, 'thou 
are weighed in the balance and art found wanting.' 

" Farmer's Flag. 
" Perpetual laurels to the men who have ' beaten the sword of civil dissention 
into a plough share '—who have sown the seed of good government : may it spring 
up without tares, and may each revolving harvest witness its increase. 

"Mason's and Bricklayer's Flag. 
" May the component parts of the federal edifice be squared by the plummet of 
impartial justice, inseparably attached by the cement of citizenship. 

"Clock and Watchmaker's Flag. 
"May virtue be the mainspring of our new government — patriotism keep its 
works in order. May the popular voice wind up its chain, and may its hand point 
to the public good. 

"May an oven 'seven times heated' be the fate of him whose only objects are 
the 'loaves and fishes.' 

"Stocking Weaver's. 
"May he who first broached the formation of a new government, have a wreath 
of laurel twisted round his brow, and a garland of honorary flowers wove for his 

"May fate with her shears cut the thread of that man's life, Fame dishonor him 
with the name of Goose, and society baffle him, who endeavors to cabbage from 
his Country. 


"Copper Smith's and Founder's. 
•'We may be brazed together by a love of Country as by borax and spelter, and 
visited by an energetic government. 

"As often as the wheel of time revolves this day let gratitude tell of the heroes, 
who were proved as by fire ; and may a tear of remembrance fall for such as were 


"The new Constitution in its true colors; neither caricatured nor flattered; and 
may the brush of investigation correct the glare of light given by its friends, and 
the profusion of shade thrown on it by its enemies. 


"May the Paine remain forever uncracked, that threw light on the subject of 
our late war, and may the rays of truth be drawn to a focus by the glass of genios. 

"Rough Carpenter's. 

"May his head be divorced from his body by the broad-axe of Justice who does 
not square his contract by the rule of right. 

"House Carpenter's. 
"The new political mantion — May its compartments be commodious — May three 
rafters be added to the ten which already support its roof ; and may the lights be 
great and many. 

" Blacksmith's. 

"May the thirteen States be welded into one united empire, by the hammer of 
conciliation on the anvil of peace ; and may the men who attempt to blow the 
coals of discord be burned by the sparks. 

" May the government be well pointed and have a good head. 

' ' A curb bit and a traverse rein to the importation of foreign luxuries ; and may 
the man who denies his encouragement to home manufactories be stirruped round 
the world. 

"May he who twangs the bow of tumult, be stripped to the pelt, then dipped 
into a kettle of blacking; may his head be brought to the block, and their union 
constitute his character. 

"Shoe and Bootmaker's. 
"May we wax a great and happy nation, be bound by principles of mutual re- 
gard, actuated as by one soul, and may our prosperity as a people last until the end 
of time. 

" Breeches Makers and Skinner's. 
"May he be shorn against the grain, smoked and welted, who has not brains to 
know that the bands of the old garment were too loose. 


" May the leaves of anti-federalism be twisted together, and fastened by thorns, 
or be rolled into tubes, and end in a puff. 

"Waggon Maker's. 
" Three more spokes to our new wheel — a federal band for its tire, a willing peo- 
ple for its axis — a political wisdom to set it in motion, and may its progress never 
be retarded by the lock chain of opposition. 

" Saddi<e Tree Makers. 
" As we are chips of the same block, branches of the same tree, may we be glued 
together by a general efficient government. 

" BI.UE Dyers and Stamper's. 
" May Fame stamp immortality on those names, who have died for our country. 

"Tanners and Currier's. 
"May every limb of that man be hacked — may he be leathered through society — 
and have his hide completely tanned who is mean enough to curry favour. 

" Weaver's. 

" Forever honored by the names of those, who, rejecting the thrumbs of the old 
web, have cut it out of the loom, and have wove another, to do the political naked- 
ness of their country. 

"Tin Plate Maker's. 
" May the shears of liberality and extended policy cut away local prejudices, 
and may the late heat of political disquisition only serve to melt the cement that 
is to solder us together. 

"Scythe and Sickle Maker's. 
" May the sickle of industry be filled with heavy harvests, until time with his 
scythe shall mow down empires and ages. 

"As the marrow is connected with the bone, or one joint with another, so let us 
be united, and may no cleaver ever disjoint vis. 

"When the implements of war are requisite to defend our country's rights, or 
resent our wrongs — may coolness take the fight and courage draw the trigger. 

"May no government be so potent as to restrain the liberty of the press, or so 
impotent as not be able to check its licentiousness. 

"May he be choaked with grains, or drowned in hot ale, whose business it is to 
brew mischief. 

"Hot curling irons, and a dull razor, to the enemies of our great system, and 
notwithstanding the wig they once took upon them, may they remain as they 
now are, in the suds. 


"May the anti-federalists be 'turned from the evil of their ways,' and be held no 
longer in the vice of groundless opposition. 

"May the new government l>e a binding hoop to the States, and never suffer 
them to go to staves. 

"Brick Maker's. 
"The materials which compose our new constitution — may they sustain the 
heat of every party rage, without a crack, and come out more perfect from the 
kiln of faction. 

"Rope Maker's. 
"May the production of our trade be the neck-cloth of him, who attempts to 
untvrist the political rope of our union. 

"Mathematical Instrument Maker's. 
"The political compass as it has been graduated by the finger of accuracy, may 
it prove our guide in the winds of legislation and preserve its equipoise, however 
shaken by the storms of foriegn invasion or domestic broil. 

" Joiner's. 
"The unanimity which augurs that the hatchet shall soon be buried. 

"May the needle of the new government be magnetized by an honest love of 
fame, and make the applause of the people its pole — may the sights be taken by 
the pervading eye of geaius — the courses be shaped by integrity — and may there 
be no variation national honor. 

" The new constitution — may it prove loo per cent, better than the old one; may 
justice, wisdom and mercy be found in the invoice of its excellencies ; and may its 
net proceeds be good order at home, and respect in the councils of Europe. 

" L.A.\\"i'ER'S. 
"A mild Judge, a believing jury, a blundering opponent, a good cause, a hand- 
some fee, and a federal client, to every advocate of our infant constitution. 

" Physician's. 
" The political physicians, who in place of mending have made a constitution — 
may it retain its health and vigor, without the aid of medicine, and may the quack 
undergo, at the same time, the double operation of cathartic and emetic, who pre- 
scribes bleeding. ' ' 

NOTE 25. 

(page 142.) 

The York Election Riots of 1750. 

THE attempt by the Irish to commit frauds at the county 
election of 1749, led to a great riot at the polls, in which 
the Irish were completely routed.' The usurpation of 
the Deputy Governor of the State, in nullifying the ver- 
dict of the people, was the real cause of the affray in 1750. 

The case of the affray was brought before the Assembly. The 
following are the remonstrances in the case, and explanation of the 
facts : 

"Haniilton appeared before the Assembly, in November, 1750 — presented a 
remonstrance to the House, setting forth that he opened the election at the town 
of York, and, with the assistance of seven inspectors, began to take the poll, and 
continued regularly and quietly for some time, until the multitude of people, 
chiefly Germans, armed with sticks and billets of wood, excited and encouraged by 
Nicholas Ryland, the coroner, began to beat and drive away all the people from 
about the court house; whereupon he, Hamilton, with Patrick Watson, Esq., one 
of the justices of the peace, went out to pacify them, and used their endeavors, but 
in vain, for they were both struck by the people, and with difficulty escaped back 
into the house, and then he suspended taking the poll, in hopes the tumult would 
subside ; but the people grew more outrageous, broke the windows, and throwing 
stones and brickbats ; he and four of the inspectors were obliged to quit the house, 
through a back window ; whereupon the rioters took possession of the court house, 
and the box with the ballots — that one-fourth of an hour after this, he returned to 
the court house, in order to go on with the election, but was refused admittance — 
the coroner, with the three remaining inspectors, having assumed to continue the 
polls, and being supported by the outrageous multitude, kept possession of the 
box, whereby he was disabled from making a regular return." 

This is the Sheriff's statement: 

"The others were also heard, by petition, which cast some additional light upon 
the subject. The petition sets forth that, Hans Hamilton did not open the election 
till two o'clock in the afternoon, which caused no little uneasiness among the peo- 
ple. That Hamilton's party, the Marsh creek people, gathered about the election 
house to give in their tickets and would not suffer the Dutch people and other 
friends to come near the house, but did what they could to keep them off with 
clubs, so that the Dutch were obliged to do the best they could, or else go home 

>Ante page 141. 

340 YORK ElvECTlON RIOTS IN 1750. 

without voting; and being the most in number, they drove the people from the 
house, and when they had done so, they came in a peaceable manner to give in 
their votes; but when the Sheriff saw his party was mastered, he locked up the 
box, and would not suffer the inspectors to take any more tickets, which made the 
Dutch people angry, and they strove to break into the house — and then the sober 
people desired the Sheriff to continue the election; but he would not, and went 
away out of the back window, several of the inspectors going with him — and the 
free holders desired the coroner to carry on the election — which having done care- 
fully and justl)-: and, afterwards, the sheriff was asked to come and see the votes 
read, and an account taken of them: but he refused, &c. 

The whole matter was investigated — the sheriff was called before the Assembly, 
publicly admonished by the speaker, and advised to preserve better order in the 
future. ' ' 

IvATER Disorders and Riots in York. 

Many subsequent disorders and riots occurred in York, accounts 
of which will be found, as to Continental troops and Militia in 
1777, in 5 Pa. Archives, O. S., 496 to 500, 558-9, 575-6; as to 
election riots in 1779, in 7 Pa. Archives, O. S., 193, 11 Col. Rec. 
698, 700; as to the cow riots in 1786, in 11 Pa. Archives, O. S., 
97, 115. 156, 157. 

On October 28, 1835, a large mob destroyed six houses, because 
they were tenanted by lewd women. On September 23, 1836, a 
political riot took place, called " the Threshing of the Market 
House." On February 6, 1840, a riot occurred at the old Court 
House on account of " Berley's Abolition L<ectures." 

Prior to the late war formidable riots in York among the fire- 
men belonging to the L^aurel and Vigilant fire companies were 
quite frequent. The weapons were pistols and guns, stones and 
bricks. The firing was often quite brisk, the apparatus smashed 
and quite a number wounded. It was not safe for a fireman of one 
company to be found in the night time in the district of the other. 
The last fireman's riot took place April i, 1859, ^^ a fire of Charles 
Coller's house on North George Street. The last political riot 
took place in York upon Gov. Curtin's re-election in October, 1863. 
Only one man was wounded, but many shutters around Centre 
Square were perforated with bullets, and the Democratic Head- 
quarters were stormed and demolished. 

NOTE 251. 

(page 142.) 

The First Churches of York. 

Where Our Forefathers Worshipped. — The Ducking of 

THE Tory Episcopal Rector During the Revolution. 

The Remarkable Story of the Bell. 

/•~W~AHE first influx, 1729, of German immigrants west of the 
I Susquehanna, consisted of Lutherans, German Reformed 

JL and Moravians, with a sprinkling of English. 

The First Lutheran Church. 

The first religious organization, September 1733, in this section, 
was called " Die Evangelische Lutherische Gemeinde an der Katho- 
res," and consisted of the heads of twenty-four families, who, for 
eleven years, worshipped in private dwellings, having no church 
liome, and were served by ministers from Lancaster, Philadelphia 
and other places, the most prominent being Rev. John Casper Sto- 
ver who effected the organization, and continued its most regular 
pastor until 1744. 

In 1744, the Proprietaries of Pennsylvania, generously donated 
to the congregation a lot of ground on South George Street, on 
which, the same year, the first log church was built, and continued 
the only church building of the town until 1746. The new stone 
church, 40x65 feet, was built in 1760, and stood until 1812, when 
the present reconstructed building was erected. 

The German Reformed Church. 

The German Reformers, who at first worshipped with the Luth- 
erans, organized about 1742,* and constructed a block building in 
1746, on lot 91 West High Street, granted by the Penns. In 1789, 

' Ante p. 142. 


an Act of Assembly was passed to create a fund b}- lottery, to pay 
the arrears of indebtedness of both the German Lutheran and Ger- 
man Reformed Churches.' 

The lottery scheme of the Reformed Church, (then often called 
the Presbyterian Church,) to raise $2400.00, to pay the indebted- 
ness of the new brick church, now standing, was advertised in 
the York Recorder of March 30, 1803. There were 1337 prizes 
and 2663 blanks ; the highest prize was $800, and the lowest $5.00. 
The 4000 tickets were sold at $3.00 each. The tickets were to be 
had from Godfrey Lenhart, Andrew Robinson, John Ernst, Peter 
Small, Daniel Spangler, John Rothrock, George Barnitz, Christo- 
pher Lauman, Commissioners." 

The new German Reformed Church, also built of lime stone, 
was erected in 1763, and destroyed in the great fire of 1797,'^ 
whereupon the present structure was erected. It was similar in 
appearance to the stone Lutheran Church, with gable facing to- 
wards High (now Market) Street, and a steeple and belfry in the 
rear. The bell was rung on occasions of fire up to July 4, 1776.^ 
President Washington attended divine service in this church in 

The Theological Seminary of the church was removed to York 
from Carlisle in 1828. The Seminary building was at the north- 
west comer of Market and Penn streets, and was a long one-story 
white rough-cast structure. It had a library of 3500 volumes and 
80 students in 1834. 

The First Moravian Church. 

Among the first Germans who purchased lots at the laying out 
of the town of York, were Moravians. Services were held in the 
county by Moravian missionaries as early as 1744, who also con- 
ducted services among the Indians. The German Reformed and 
Moravians at first also worshipped together. The York congregation 
was organized in 1 751, and conducted services in private houses until 

' 9 Col. Rec. 567. 

*See York Dailv of Oct. 22, 1895, for particulars. 

3 Note 30. 

< Notes 30 and 37. 

* Ante p. 159. 

Parish School. House of Dr. John Rouse. 


THE NEW YOI^^^"" 1 

^ii-'Ci, LENOX AND 


1755, when a large stone house was built on the corner of Water 
and Princess streets, which was used a dwelling house for the min- 
ister, and in a large hall in it religions services were held. A 
church was built on this site in 1828, and stood until 1868, when 
the present church building on Duke street was erected. 

The diaries of the first Moravian pastors have proved to be of 
transcendent historical importance.' 

Pictures, not herein given of the old churches, will be found in 
the last illustration in this book. 

St. Patrick's Roman Catholic Church. 

In 1776 Joseph Smith purchased a stone dwelling house on the 
present site of this church, and presented it to the then small Cath- 
olic congregation to be used as a place of worship. The dwelling 
was converted into a place of worship, and dedicated and consecrated. 
The parish was attended at intervals by priests from Conewago 
chapel, near Hanover. The old stone building was used as a 
place of worship until 18 10, when a more elegant and pretentious 
structure was erected, which continued to be the place of worship 
until 1895, when the present handsome edifice was constructed. 

The Friends' Meeting House. 

The Friends, commonly called Quakers, built their first meet- 
ing house, (still standing), in 1766, with the western half built in 
1783, on West Philadelphia street, with brick, erroneously stated 
to have come from England. 

The "English Brick" Tradition. 

The accepted tradition that this meeting house, Colonel Thomas 
Hartley's dwelling, and a few other structures in York were built 
of brick from England, is founded alone on tradition, which is not 
history. The enormous cost attending such importation, with the 
superadded expense of transportation over bad roads from Phila- 
delphia or Baltimore, militate against the correctness of the tradi- 
tion. It is incredible, in view of the fact that structures like the 
old Court House, built in 1756, St. John's Episcopal Church, com- 

>Note 48. 


pleted in 1771, and the stately brick mansion of Raltzer Spengler, 
Sr., on the Plank Road, erected in 1760, were bnilt of brick from 
the latter's kilns, which were as good and finely finished as the 
brick in the meeting house of the frugal and unostentatious 

The "old Virginia Houses" were said to have been built of 
brick imported from England. This accepted tradition was com- 
pletely demolished by Lyon G. Tyler, President of William and 
Mary College, who says : ' 

" In spite of tradition, there is not a case to be found in the annals of Virginia, 
of bricks imported from England. The impression arose from mistaking the mean- 
ing of ' English brick,' which were ' statute brick,' made according to the English 
statute. When in course of time the circumstances of vSociet}' had changed, the 
phrase ' English brick ' came to be understood as ' brick imported from England,' " 

The First Presbyteriax Church. 

The early Presbyterians of York at first attended divine services 
in vSt. John's Episcopal Church, then commonly known as the 
English Church. The genesis of the congregation was, however, 
contemporary with the period of the Revolution. For several 
)-ears a little band of Presbyterians, without any formal church or- 
ganization, were ministered to by the Rev. IMr. Hanna, of the Pres- 
byter}- of Carlisle. In 1785, George Invin, William Scott and 
Archibald McLean- purchased the present site of the church. On 
this lot, in 1790, the first house of worship, a plain brick building, 
was erected. In 1793, this congregation was united with the 
Round Hill Church, in Hopewell township, with the Rev. Robert 
Cathcart as pastor. In 1835 the old chitrch edifice was remodeled, 
and continued as the place of worship until i860, when the pres- 
ent stately edifice was erected. 

First Methodist Episcopal Church, 

The first Methodist service in York County was conducted by 
Rev, Freeborn Garretson, January 24, 1781, at the private farm 
house of James Worley, an Episcopalian, in West Manchester 
Township, near York. Mr. Worley and man>- others were con- 

' February, 1896, Century Magazine. 
- Note 17. 


verted by his forceful and eloquent sermons. A cliurcli building 
was erected about the same year on the corner of Newberry and 
Philadelphia streets, the present site of the First United Brethren 
Church. This property was sold in 1840, and a new church (see 
last illustration herein) erected at the corner of Philadelphia and 
Beaver streets, which stood until the present handsome structure 
was built in 1873. 

The Evangelical Association. 

This ecclesiastical body originated in Pennsylvania in 1800, and 
had for its founder Jacob Albright. The Association was first in- 
troduced into York County in 18 10. In 184 1 a mission was formed 
in York, when the present Bethlehem Church was erected on North 
Queen street. 

The United Brethren in Christ. 

The founder of this church was Philip Wilhelm Otterbein,' who 
was sent as a German Reformed missionary from Germany to 
America. His unique and beautiful penmanship is extensively 
found in the York German Reformed record book, and is worthy 
of inspection. The field of his labors was in I^ancaster and York 
counties, and in Baltimore. In 1840 a mission was established in 
York, which purchased the old Methodist church building, at the 
corner of Philadelphia and Newberry streets, the present site of 
the new church. 

The First Baptist Church. 

In 1850 the venerable Rev. George M. Slaysman established this 
congregation in York, and a room was rented in the Hartman 
building, which was fitted up with seats and a pulpit. In 1852 
the South George street church was partly erected, and the base- 
ment occupied for worship. The structure was finished and dedi- 
cated September 14, 1856. The later churches of York do 
not belong to the class of " first churches.'^ Illustrations of many 
of them will be found in the last picture of this volume. 

lAnte p. 196. 


The First Episcopal Service and Church in America. 

The first settlement in America was Jamestown, Virginia, and 
was settled by Captain John Smith on the 13th day of May, 1607. 
The first act of the settlers on landing was to kneel and hear 
"good Parson Hnnt" read the prayers of the Episcopal Church for 
their deliverance from the perils of the sea, and a thanksgiving 
for their safe arrival. Some days after their arrival the Holy 
Communion was celebrated for the first time in America, according 
to the liturgy of the Episcopal Church on, June 21, 1607. Their 
place of worship was a " pen of poles, a sail for a roof, and for a 
pulpit a plank lashed between two trees." 

The first church was built by them in 1608. The ruins (the 
oldest in America) of this old church can still be seen, consisting 
of a tower and a small church-yard surrounding it. The burning 
of this church, within ten years of its construction, is thus de- 
scribed in Smith's Histor>^, book 3, page 168 : 

"And so we all returned to Jamestown when the new supply of powder being 
lodged with the rest accidentlj- fired the quarters. And so the towns being but 
thatched with reeds the fixe was so hot as to burne their pallisades though eight 
or ten yards distant with their armes, bedding, apparell, and much of private pro- 
vision. Good IMaster Hunt, our preacher, lost all his library and all he had but 
the cloathes on his backe yet none never heard him repine at his losse. The spring 
approaching and the ship departing Mr. Scrivener and Captain Smith divided be- 
tween them the rebuilding of Jamestown, planting corn and to rebuild our church." 

The St. John's Episcopal Church. 

In 1755 the first regular missionar}' sent to this vicinity from 
England, by the " Society for the propagation of the Gospel in For- 
eign Parts," found a congregation of churchmen duly organized in 
York, though enjoying no regular services. The Proprietaries 
granted a lot on North Beaver Street to these worshippers — 80 
feet front and 250 feet in depth. 

An act of the assembly was passed in 1765, authorizing the crea- 
tion of a building fund for the erection of a church on this lot, 
by means of a lottery. Marked success did not attend the lot- 
tery efibrt of this church until 1768. 

This insiduous form of gambling was in universal practice in 


the eighteenth century, and obtained generally in the procuration 
of money for charitable and religious purposes. Lottery tickets of 
the Mountain Road Lottery of 1769 were even signed by the 
" straight-laced " George Washington, who spent 50 pounds therein 
— and this was not a solitary instance for him, for no one then as- 
sociated lottery tickets with gambling. 

The contention made by the two historians of the church, that 
the structure was erected in 1766, and that it was "about thirty 
feet square," the writer has found to be erroneous, as is shown by 
the following interesting letters from Samuel Johnson, Esq., Pro- 
thonotary, etc., of York County, and the Rev. John Andrews, Rec- 
tor of the Parish of York and Adams Counties : 

York, January the 3d, 1771. 
To THE Rev'd Mr. Richard Peters, Rector of Christ Church, Phii^adei*- 


Dear Sir: — Our church here hath been gone on but slowly last summer for want 
of seasoned Pine Boards, but we think we are now nearly supplied, as we have up- 
wards of 4000 feet bjught and seasoning. We had the roof plaistered and the 
Church leveled for laying the floor. Next summer we hope to compleate the work; 
I think it will be the neatest Country Church in this Province; we have good 
Hearts considering our Abilities, but we still hope you will be able to get us a few 
Subscriptions; a small matter will be of great service to us, as our money is nearly 
exhausted. Mr. Thompson, the late Missionary hath about 10 pounds of the Lot- 
tery money yet in his Hands which is a part of our Dividend. 

Your Most Obedient and Humble Servant, 


"Philadei^phia, July i, 1771. 
Secretary of The Society for the Propegation of the Gospel in Foreign 

Rev'd Sir: — In York we are building an elegant Church which will be compleated 
by the Fall. It is a brick building 54 feet in front and 36 feet in depth. This you 
will acknowledge is a great undertaking for a few families. It is true we received 
considerable assistance; yet the subscription among ourselves were more liberal 
than I remember to have seen upon the like occasions. Indeed, such a love for 
the Church such a zeal to promote its interests, so much public spirit upon all oc- 
casions prevails among this small but worthy set of people, that I cannot help but 
think mj'self happy in my present situation. The Ladies too have their subscrip- 
tions, and being no less impatient to see the work compleated, are providing for a 
pulpit Cloth and Cushion, a desk Cloth, Cloth for the Communion table, etc. 

I am Rev'd Sir, etc., 



The Building of St. John's Episcopal Church. 

From the Minutes Recorded in /y"]? in the first Church Record. 

"A State of the Proceedings of the Congregation of the English Episcopal Church 
in York -Town in Pennsylvania relative to their building a Church in the said 
Town about the year 1765 a Subscription was opened by the Members of the said 
Church for the performance of Divine Service according to the Rites and Cere- 
monies of the Church of England, and Mr. Thomas Menshay was appointed to 
receive the said Subscriptions &c as is usual in such cases ; the well disposed of 
other Religious Societies were applied to for Subscriptions ; several gave Money, 
some Timber, and some Hawling, but the whole from such as were not of the Con- 
gregation that was got in York -Town, was inconsiderable. 

" In the Year 1766 An Act of Assembly was obtained for a Lottery for the Eng- 
lish Episcopal Churches of vSt. Peters and St. Pauls of Philadel'a and other 
Churches to raise a Sum of Money to pay the debts due on said Churches and to 
finish the same and also to raise Money to build Episcopal Churches in York-Town 
and Reading, and repair others. By this Lottery ^315 was to be raised to help 
to build the Church in York, but as the Lottery Tickets were not all sold the Sum 
raised by it for York Church was but ^257 5 o. 

"The Members of the said Congregation solicited their Friends in Philad'a and 
Lancaster and elsewhere and obtained upwards of ^150. The Rev. Doctor Peters 
having subscribed ^10 to the Church applied to the Proprietors & got a Lot of 
Ground in York -Town eighty Feet front 250 Feet in Depth for the building the 
said Church on and for Burial Ground at the Yearly Rent of one Shilling if de- 
manded and the Warrant was granted to Sam'l Johnson and Thomas Menshay 
Esqs & to Mr. Joseph Adlum, Trustees of said Congregation. 

" The Church was built under the direction of Mr. Johnson & John Adlum Esqs 
Mr. Johnston received the Money arising by the Lottery and a few of the Subscrip- 
tions, which he got from particular Friends as appears by his Account, Mr. Adlum 
rec'd the Subscriptions of the People of York County, Mr. Thomas Usher having 
bought the Silver Cup for the Sacrament, accounted for all the Subscriptions which 
he had solicited in Philadelp'a and Baltimore though he had not received a consid- 
erable Part of them. Mr. Thomas Hartley reed the Lawyers Subscription, a sec- 
ond and third Subscription was opened among the Members of the Congregation 
after which Money being still wanting The Rev. Mr. Joseph Andrews then the 
Missionary from the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in York and Cum- 
berland Counties was requested to go to Philadelphia and try to get a further Sub- 
scription which he accordingly did and thereby was raised a Sum of Money ^57 o 6 
with which the principal Part of the Debts remaining due on the Church were dis- 
charged and at the First Opening of the Church a Collection v/as made which was 
a further Help to compleat the Work. Thus by very great Exertions the Church 
has been built and mostly paid for : the Debt remaining due being but a Trifle. 

"The Ladies of York then subscribed for Hangings for the Pulpit and Desk 
which was made up by themselves of Crimson Demask. 

"The Church being compleately finished the Seats were then let out by the Year 
at a Rent for the Support of the Minister of that Church for the Time being, all 
other Subscriptions for him being discontinued which Rent was for the most Part 
regularly paid half yearly until after the present Troubles came on. 

"In the Year 1777 a Lot of Ground in said Town was granted by the Honorable 





the Proprieters to Rob't Jones William Johnson and George Welsh Trustees for 
the Use of the Missionary of the said Church for the Time being and for the Bene- 
fit of the said Church and for no other Use or Purpose whatsoever as appear by the 
Ticket for the same signed by Sam'l Johnston Esq." 

The minutes further show that the first entry of the cost of the 
church was January 21, 1769: "To Cash paid James Wilson and 
John Nelson for quarrying stone, ^2." The structure cost £4S9i 
ly^d. In 1773 additional land was purchased from Barnet 
(Bernhard) Spengler, for the sum of ^i, 9s. The lot of ground 
aforesaid granted in 1777 was a lot opposite the church, and is 
still owned by the congregation. 

This was St. John's Episcopal Church, — a brick structure, (the 
bricks came from the kilns of Baltzer Spengler, Sr.) unpretentious 
in architecture, and one of the only four in the Colony of Pennsyl- 
vania outside of Philadelphia. The building faced south towards 
the alley with the chancel on the north side. In 18 10, the chan- 
cel was moved to the west, and the door placed in the east side. 
The picture here, represents the church after this alteration. 

The Ducking of the Tory Rector. 

During the revolutionary war, (with the exception of a short in- 
terval) there was no divine service held in the church ; it was for 
some time used as an arsenal. Being very much out of repair 
through violence and long disuse, it was after the Revolution 
again fitted up for a place of worship. One of the first regular 
clergymen whose names are mentioned in the records was the Rev. 
Daniel Batwell. His residence was at the parsonage house in 
Huntington, now belonging to Adams County, but he preached 
steadily to the congregation in York. He was a missionary from 
England, sent by the Propagation Societ}^, who commenced his ser- 
vices in this country a short time before the Revolution, and began 
his pastorate here in 1774. His feeling, with respect to the war 
for Independence, but ill coincided with those of the people in this 
neighborhood. Having come from Huntington township he 
preached at York on the Sabbath, and on Monday morning follow- 
ing was seized by some rude and boisterous friends of liberty by 
whom he was, three times, ducked in Codorus Creek. 

Being freed, he set out on his return to his dwelling house, but 


he had hardly arrived there when a company of armed men from 
York roughly seized him, and returning confined him in the pub- 
lic prison. On the 2d of October, 1777, a memorial from Mr. Bat- 
well was read in Congress. It set forth, " that on a charge of being 
concerned in a conspiracy to destroy the continental magazines of 
this State, he was in custody of the keeper of the Jail of York 
County, by virtue of committment, until Congress, or the Supreme 
Executive Council of this State, shall take further order touching 
him, or until he should be otherwise discharged according to 
law." " It appealed to Congress," by the certificate of Dr. Jame- 
son, " that the memorialist was so much emaciated by a complica- 
tion of disorders that his life would be endangered unless he would 
be removed from the jail." ^ Congress, however, referred the mem- 
orial to the President and Supreme Executive Council of this 
State, in the meantime permitting him to remove from the jail, 
and receive ever}- indulgence, yet still remaining in safe keeping. 

After some time I\Ir. Batwell was released, and returned to Eng- 
land. Though his political views did not coincide with those ot 
Americans, yet it is due to his worth to say, that he was an accom- 
plished scholar and a good man. After his return, he obtained a 
church preferment in the county of Kent, where he ended his 
days. In 18 10, a small house was erected near the church for the 
use of the sexton. In removing the pulpit, several pounds of 
powder were found concealed under it; probably placed there in 
the beginning of the revolution by some one who had evil designs 
upon the Rev. ]\Ir. Batwell. 

It was at this church that Generals Gates and Wilkinson met in 
1777 to fight a duel.* The church bell, of patriotic history, was a 
gift of Queen Caroline, and was first hung in the Court House 

The Story of the German Lutheran Church Bell. 

When the first German Lutheran church of York, aforesaid, 
was built in 1744, it was found necessary to have a bell, not only 

as an ecclesiastical adjunct, but as a most serious need where the 

I3 Pa. Ar. N. S. 109 to ii5, 122. 
*Note 55. 
3 Note 37. 


congregation was so widely scattered. The Palatine I^utherans of 
New York, then worshipping on the corner of Broadway and Rec- 
tor street, near where the Trinity Episcopal church now stands, 
had two bells, and thoughtful of their distant brethren, they sent 
one from their own belfry to Yorktown. Through the woods and 
over the hills it came on a tedious journey, arriving late one sweet 
spring night in 1745. It was Saturday night, and too late to leave 
the bell safely at the church, so the weary teamsters sought aid to 
unload it at the brew-house where assistance was sure to be found. 
The brew-house was then an industry of our town, and was located 
on the rear of lot 141 South Water street, abutting on the Codorus, 
and adjoining an alley and the tannery' of Michael Doudle on the 
south. It had been established by the two Bamitz Brothers, John 
George Carl and Leonard, who were influential all through the 
county, and it was largely due to their energy that the church 
was built; and here on a Saturday night, the fathers of our little 
hamlet gathered to luxuriate in beer and gossip. 

It was customary in those days of leather breeches to test the 
quality of the beer by pouring a spoonful of it on a wooden bench, 
and then sitting down upon it ; if weak in malt, the tester could 
easily rise; but if strong and full of vigor, he would stick fast. 
On this night the beer had been tested and found adhesive, but 
the advent of the bell caused such excitement that even the lusty 
beer could not keep a man in his seat. The bell was brought into 
the brew-house, turned upside down, and filled to the brim with 
strong, newly-tapped beer, and here the whole village came to 
drink its welcome amidst great rejoicing. The next day it was 
carried to the church in processional triumph, where it was duly 
christened by the pastor, and for ninety years its call rang over 
the woodlands. 

How much of this tradition is fiction cannot be estimated, but 
the fact that the character of the early settlers is fairly painted, 
and all the surrounding circumstances corroborated, give a color- 
ing of truth to the whole. 

NOTE 26. 

(page 144.) 

Early Distilling and Tlireshing in York County.' 

Early Distilling. 

"The successful introduction of rye, and the gradual increase in the cultivation 
of Indian corn, led to the business of distilling liquor from these cereals. Wheat 
was also used in distilling. In fact among the agricultural classes, it was a very 
important industry, especially with the Germans and the Scotch-Irish. As early 
as 1770, there were sixteen distilleries in Dover Township, eighteen in Manchester, 
and equally as many in Hellam, Windsor, Shrewsbury, Manheim and Codorus 
Townships. Whiskey after being made was hauled to Baltimore. The industrious 
Teuton and the impetuous Hibernian or Scotchman did not fail in those days to 
quench his own thirst with some of the inspiriting fluid. It was a very common 
drink among the agricultural classes, and considered a necessity at harvest time. 
The whiskey of those days, it is claimed, was pure and undefiled. Those were 
halcyon days for the manufacture of whiskey. No internal revenue assessor need 
apply. Strange as it may seem, the Friends used it, but woe unto the one who 
drank too freely. He was sure to be " put out of meeting." There are a number 
of cases in the records of the Newberry and Warrington meetings, of members of 
the society of Friends, being ' brought before meeting ' for imbibing too freely of 
ardent spirits. It was necessary for them to make a public acknowledgment of it, 
and they were then excused. 

"The business ot distilling greatly increased. At first rye was mostly used. 
Then corn was found to be especially valuable for the same purpose. From 1810 
to 1840, nearly one-fifth of the farmers of York County owned a ' copper still,' by 
which they distilled their own cereals into whiskey and hauled it to Baltimore. 
Hundreds of these stills were made in York and Hanover." 

Threshing Machines. 

' ' The introduction of the threshing-machine, superseding the laborious methods 
of trampling with horses and pounding with the flail, was a great curiosity. At 
first only the wealthy farmers bought them. Laboring men and fogy farmers op- 
posed them as an innovation, injurious to the interests of the poor man. It was 
not many years, however, before all enterprising farmers used them, and the labor- 
ing man found his task much easier. The same discussion arose when other labor- 
saving machines were invented. 'Taking bread out of the poor man's mouth,' 
was the cry. Most men now would rather not put the bread into the mouth at all, 

1 Gibson's History of York County. 


than return to the old methods of sowing, harvesting and threshing the crops. It 
is quite probable that the ancient Egyptian could thresh and clean his grain, 3,000 
or 4,000 years ago, as well as the York County farmer could before the introduction 
of the threshing-machine, when from six to twelve bushels per day were what one 
man could thresh out with the flail. By treading with horses, he could possibly 
treble this amount. Then came the horse-power, threshing first 100, then 300 or 
more bushels per day and cleaning it ; finally, the steam thresher of to-day, trav- 
eling from farm to farm, and threshing 600, 800, and sometimes 1,000 bushels in a 
day, or 50,000 bushels in a year." 

NOTE 27. 

(page 144.) 

Account of the Personal Estate of Baltzer Spengler, 
Deceased, Filed in 1772. 

The Administration Accompt of Baltzer Spengler, Junior and Michael Swoope, 
Esquire, Executors of the Last Will and Testament of Baltzer Spengler late of 
York County Yeoman Deceased as well of all and singular the Goods and Chattels 
Rights and Credits which were of the said at the time of his Death which came to 
their Hands Possession or knowledge as of their Payments and Disbursements out 
of and against the Said Estate as follows: — 

The Said Accomptants charge themselves with all and Singular the Goods and 
Chattels Rights and Credits which were of the Said Deceased at the Time of his 
Death according to an Inventory and appraisment thereof Exhibited into and re- 
maining in the Registers Office at York amounting to ^822 2 4 

Also with the Amount of Sales of the Said Goods and Chattels Sold at Vendue 
exceeding the Appraisement thereof (including all the Grain which remained un- 
thresh'd and the other Articles in the Appraisement of which the Sums are not set 
down amounting in the whole to ^135 14 9)^ 

Also with the Sum which George Spengler was Ordered to pay out of the Tract 
of Land to him Devised in and by the Said Last Will and Testament ^"25 o o 

Also with the Sum which Rudolph Speugler was Ordered to pay out of the House 
and Lot to him Devised in and by the Said Last Will and Testament ^ 50 o o 

Also vnth Interest received on a Bond c&c ^ 8 2 6 

/ro4o 19 7iJ< 

The Said Accomptants Pray an Allowance for their Several Payments and Dis- 
bursements of and against the Said Estate as follow: — 
for Cash paid Samuel Johnston Esquire Dy. Reg'r for Letters Testa- 
mentary &c /^ I 5 9 

No. I Cash Paid John Welch. . . .as per Acc't proved and Receipt. . o 18 3 

2 Cash paid Mary Seaman. . . .as per do and do o 11 o 

3 Cash paid Francis Bickle as per do and do i 11 o 

4 Cash paid Usher and Donaldson for Black Crape as per do. . . o 17 4 

5 Cash paid Zachariah Shugart for Crying Vendue as per do. . . 100 

6 Cash paid Usher and Donaldson as per Acct proved and receipt 3 9 3 

7 Cash paid Martin Reily. . . .as per do and do 2 12 o 

8 Cash paid Elijah Etting. . . .as per do and do o 17 3 

9 Cash paid Henry King .... as per do and do i 8 2 

10 Cash paid Peter Wolf. . . .as per do on o 

n Cash paid Thomas Hartley Esq an Advice Fee pd i 10 o 


12 Cash paid Joseph Adlum as per Acc't prov'd & do 

13 Cash paid Thomas Armor as per D and do 

14 Cash paid George Rehm. . . .as per D and do 

15 Cash paid Jacob Welchance for Threshing Grain since the 
Decease of the Said Testator. . . .as per receipt 

16 Cash paid the Rev'd Mr. Kurtz for Funeral Sermon do 

17 Cash paid Michael Hahn for Clkship. . . .per do 

18 Cash paid Philip Teitch .... as per do 

19 Cash paid George Ware — for Diging Grave. . . .per do 

20 Cash paid Jacob Haymaker for making Coffin .... per do 

2 1 Cash paid George Arther .... as per do 

22 Michael Swoope One of the Executors Accompt for Sundries 
got at the funeral &c 

23 Cash paid George Irwin for Sundries got at do 

24 Cash paid Elijah Etting for do. . . .do. . . .per do 

25 Cash paid Ludwig Kraftt .... as per do 

26 Cash paid Francis Koons a Legacy left his Wife in the Said 

Last will and Testament. . . .as per do 

also for Sundry Articles Devised to the Widow for which they 

Stand Charged in the Inventory 272 

and for Sundries Devised to Michael Spengler 

and for do Devised to John Spengler 

also for so much Devised to Baltzer Spengler one of the Ex- 
ecutors &c 

27 Cash paid Rudolph Spengler as per Acct prov'd and receipt. . 

28 Cash paid Catherine Spengler as per do. . . .and do 

29 Cash pd Charles Lukens for Survey of Tract of Land Devised 
to George Spengler by the Said Will 

30 Cash paid Francis Koons part of a Legacy Left him in the 
Said Last Will and Testament as. . . .per receipt 

31 Cash paid Daniel Spengler as per Acct prov'd and do 

32 Cash paid Daniel Spengler a Legacy left him in the Said Last 

Will and Testament. . . .per receipt 

also lor an Insolvent Debt due by David Kennedy for which 
they Stand Charged in the Inventory 

33 Cash paid George Irwin as per Acct prov'e and receipt 

34 Cash paid Jacob Shive. . . .as per Acct do. . . .and do 

35 Cash paid Michael Hahn and George Eichelberger Ass'nes of 
Francis Koons and Elizabeth his Wife a Legacv Bequeth'd to 
the Said Elizabeth ' 

36 Cash paid David Jameson Esq'r as per Acct provd and receipt 

37 Cash paid George Weller for Apprais'g &c as per do 

38 Cash paid George Weller as . . . .per do 

Cash paid the Clerk for Stating this Acct &c 

Cash paid Samuel Johnston Esq'r for Pass'g this Acct Copy &c 

By the Orphans Court Fees &c 

By the Executors Trouble and Expences in Settling said Es- 
tate &c 30 








































































674 9 lyi 
By Balance rem'g in the Hands of the said Executors Subject 
to distribution agreeable to the Will of the said Dec'd 366 18 5 

1040 19 7>^ 
EXHIBITED into the Registers Office at York the First 
Day of December 1772 pm 

MICH'L vSWOOPE 1 Executors 

BALTZER SPENGLER i ^^^cutors. 

NOTE 28. 

(page 149.) 

Account of the Personal Estate of Magdalena 
Spengler, Deceased, Filed in 1785. 

" The Administrators Accompt of John Spengler Executor of the last Will and 
Testament of Magdalena Spengler late of York Township in the County of York 
Widow deceased ; as well of all and singular the Goods and Chatties, Rights and 
Credits which were of the said deceased which came to his Hands, Possession or 
knowledge, as of his Pa3'ments & Disbursements out of & against the same as fol- 
lows, to wit : 

" The said Accomptant chargeth himself with all and singular the Goods and 
Chatties, Rights & Credits which were of the said deceased according to an Inven- 
tory and Appraisement thereof made & exhibited into the Registers Office at York, 
amounting as by the same Inventory appears, to £^A1 i6 6i_^ 

He also charges himself with the Advance Sales amounting to 21 i 8_}^ 

He also chargeth himself with the Interest due on a Bond i 5 o 

/170 3 3 
"The said Accomptant also prays Allowance for his general Payments & dis- 
bursements out of and against the same as follows Vizt 

By Cash paid the Register for Letters Testy. &c £ i 5 9 

No. I. By do. pd Killiam Small for the Coffin as per Rect 3 00 

2. By do. pd Doctor Jameson for medicine <S:c per do 5 50 

3. By do. pd Doctor Morris for do as pr do o 1 1 4 

4. By do. pd Conrad Stoutzeberg for Crying Vendue pr do o 84 

5. By do. pd Baltzer Spengler funeral expenses pr do 5 13 

6. By do. pd the Rev. Mr. Kurtz for preaching the funeral sermon 

as pr do o 168 

7. By do. pd Mrs. Swoope for sundries at the fimeral as per do 2 29 

8. By do. pd Mr. Deitch for attending the funeral as per do o 84 

9. By do. pd Mr. Doll for do as pr do o 84 

10. By do. pd Christopher Lauman, for Appraising as pr do o 50 

By do. pd George Bard for do o 50 

By do. pd G. Lewis Lefler for Clkship i 10 o 

By do. pd the Rev. Mr. Kurtz for drawing the Will i 10 o 


By do. paid for Wine Liquor & Sugar at the funeral i 02 

By do. pd Mr. Woer for digging the grave o 10 

By the deficiency of the weight of the Gold with which he is 

charged in full amtg. to o 84 

11, By Hannah Bickel, as a special Legacy as per Rect 7 ^7 o 

12. By Elizabeth Kuntz a do as pr do 7 14 o 


By the Clk. stating this Acct. & drawing lo Releases ... i 15 o 

By the Register examining, passing & filing this Acct. fair 

Copy &c 15 9 

By the Orphans Court Fees &c 129 

By the Executors Trouble & Expenses &c 3 15 o 

By Hannah Bickel for nursing the said dec'd during her vSickness. 150 
Balance in the Hands of the Executors to be disposed of agreeably to the 

Directions of the Testatrix in her last Will and Testament. . . 121 10 8 

^"170 3 3 
•' Exhibited into the Registers Office at York the Sixteenth Day of November 
1785. By John Spengi,BR, Exec'r." 

NOTE 29. 

(PAGE 150.) 

Horse Races and Theatrical Entertainments in 
York in the Olden Times. 

From the Perm'' a Herald and York General Advertiser. 

"York-Town, Pennsyi^vania, June 28, 1790. 
"A Purse of Fifty Pounds ^ to be run over the course at this place, on Thursday 
the 30th of September next, free for any Horse, Mare or Gelding, the four mile 
heats, aged horses carrying nine stone, half a stone to be allowed for every year to 
the youngest horses : and on the day following a Purse of Twenty Pounds, to be 
run over the same course, free for any Horse, Mare or Gelding, the winning horse 
of the first purse excepted, carrying weight as above, the best three mile heats : and 
a handsome Siveepstake on the 2nd of October, catch riders, and running the two 
mile heats, free for every Horse, Mare or Gelding, the winning horse of the two 
preceding days excepted — Five dollars entrance to be paid for the first Purse, and 
two dollars for the second, the day before each race, or double at the post, — Not 
less than four Horses to start for either Purse." 

A Fever Epidemic Postponed the Races of 1793. 

" The Public are hereby informed that the York Races as advertised for Wednes- 
day the 30th of October next are postponed from a consideration that it would be 
improper to collect in this place such a number of persons (as would most probably 
have attended them) during the prevalence of the present raging and malignant 

" York, September 24, 1793." 

Tragedy, Comedy and Comic Opera in York, in the Last 


From the Pcnn'a Herald, York General Advertiser of Dec. 23, 1789. 


Will be performed on Monday evening, the 28th instant, at the Academy, by a 

number of young Gentlemen of this Borough, a Tragedy, called 


To which will be added a Comedy, called. 

The mock DOCTOR; 



The entertainment of the evening to conclude with a Comic Opera called, 



"It is hoped, that the undertaking is so laudable, it will meet with encourage- 
ment : — Thus will the pleasure of rational amusement go hand in hand with the 
exercise of Charity. 

"It is said that charity is best, the consequences of which is most extensive : — 
Happy union of circumstances indeed ! If, by our very amusements, we can con- 
tribute, even a little, to the relief of a number of suffering fellow mortals, to whom 
a cord of wood, or a bushel of grain would be no trifling acquisition. 

"Tickets may be had at Mr. Baltzer Spengler's, Mr. Jacob Stake's and Mr. And- 
rew Johnson's, taverns, also at this Printing ofiice. — Price one quarter dollar each. 

"The doors will be opened at half past four o'clock, and the curtain to be raised 
precisely at half past five." 

Visiting Theatrical Entertainments in York 1791. 

Traveling theatrical companies in those days played in the Old 
Court House: 

"York, November 16, 1791. 
"On Monday last Mr. McGraths Company of Comedians from Virginia and 
Maryland, late from Carlisle and Harrisburg arrived here: They intend perform- 
ing a few Nights: the pointed encouragement and very respectable Patronage, 
they experienced in our Sister States as well as this, are lively testimonials of their 
Merit, and must fully convince the judicious and liberal, that Dramatic Entertain- 
ments, properly regulated, convey not only rational and elegant Amusement, but 
are a productive of real utility in polishing the Tastes, improving the Manners, 
and cultivating the Genius of the rising Generation." 

Tragedy at the York County Academy. 

"York, April 22, 1789. 
"There will be a public examination of the schools of York Academy, on Satur- 
day and Monday, the 25th and 27th inst. The exercises to begin on each day, at 
9 o'clock forenoon. On the evening of Monday, the pupils of the Academy will 
perform the celebrated tragedy of Cato — to which will be added the pleasing enter- 
tainment of the Mock-Doctor. The airs, set to music by Mr. Dyche, who will also 
perform on the violin betwixt the Acts, accompanied by young gentlemen of the 
town on German flutes. Tickets at one Quarter dollar each to be had at Captain 
Andrew Johnson's and at the door of the Academy, which will be opened on said 
evening at 5 o'clock." 


"On Thursday evening the 17th instant, Mr. McGraths Company of Comedians, 
will open the Theatre at the Court House, elegantly and suitably prepared with 
the celebrated Tragedy 


Preceding the Play, A Moral defense of the Stage addressed to the United States, 


To be delivered by Mr. Fitzgerald, At the end of the Play a Humerous Disserta- 
tion on Jealousy Mrs. McGrath, To which will be added a Comedy of three acts 


The Doors to be opened at six, and the Curtain to raise at half past six O'Clock 
precisely — Tickets to be had at the Printing Office at Dunn's Tavern, and of Mr. 

No jHOJiey will be taken at the Door 
N. B. Mr. McGrath begs leave to observe, that not being lucky enough to see 
any of the Commissioners (of which John Spengler was one) previous to his send- 
ing the above Advertisement for Insertion, he has advertised it on the following 
principles — The Approbation of some very respectable Inhabitants, and his Design 
of appropriating the Profits of the Third Night's Exhibitions for the Benefit of 
any Public purpose the Magistrates of the Town may choose to apply it. 
Tuesday Morning November 15 1791." 

NOTE 30. 

(page 156.) 

Old Time Fires and Fire Companies in York. 

Newly Discovered Material and U^npublished Documents. 
Errors Corrected. But One Fire Engine in York in 
1789. The Bucket Brigades. Extinguishing Fires 
BY Our Forefathers. The Question of Sen- 
iority. The Female Firemen of York in 
1803. Regulations for Chimneys and 
Chimney Sweepers. Minutes of 
THE "Sun" Fire Company, 1772. 
The Glorious Record of 
THE "Sun" and "Hand 
IN Hand" in the 

IN December, 1770, when York had a population of about 1400, 
a meeting was held at the Inn of Baltzer Spengler, Jr., 
"Bauer-Meister," by the leading property holders of York- 
town, at which was discussed the propriety of organizing a 
fire company. In January, 1771, another meeting was held, of 
which Gen, Henry Miller was chairman, and the organization was 
perfected under the title of the Sun Fire Brigade of Yorktown. 
The following enrolled themselves as members: 

Henry Miller, Baltzer Spengler, John Shultz, Conrad Moul, 
Michael Hahn, Jacob Doudle, Ignatius Leightner, Frederick 
Houseman, Henry Walter, John Hay, Charles Lukens, Andrew 
Billmeyer, Gottlieb Zeigle, Solomon Schmuck, George Stake, 
David Candler, Peter Dinkel, George Moul, Michael Welsh, John 
Morris, Valentine Lees, Michael Weider, Rudolf Spengler, and 
Michael Graybill. All enlisted in the Revolutionary War except 
Conrad Moul, Solomon Schmuck and Valentine Lees, who were 
then probably dead. 


The rules of the "Sun" of April 3, 1772, prescribed that: 

"Bach member was to Provide at his own proper Charge Two Leathern Buckets, 
one Bag and one Convenient Basket; the Bag to be made of good Ozen-brigs 
(Osnaburgs) or Wider linnen, whereof each Bag shall Contain Two Yards at least, 
and shall have a running string at Mouth, which said Buckets, Bags, and Baskets 
shall be marked with our Names respectively and Company, and shall be kept 
ready at hand and applied to no other use then for preserving our own and our 
fellow Townsmen's Houses, Goods and Effects in Case of Fire aforesaid." 

On account of their antiquity and historic value, the minutes of 
the Sun Company from 1772 to 1775, now in the possession of 
Dr. Thomas Hay, of Philadelphia, great-grandson of John Hay, 
are herein subjoined. 

In August, 1772, a "water-engine" was purchased by the in- 
habitants in Philadelphia, for the "Sun;" the machine was six 
feet long, six feet high to the top of the gallery, mounted on four 
low wheels, worked by levers, one on each side, was painted red, 
save the two sides of the gallery, which contained on each side a 
painting representing a "Laurel Wreath," enclosing a picture of 
the rising of the "Sun." After 1790, there were two side lever 
gallery fire engines in York. 

The fire apparatus in those days was usually restricted to side 
lever gallery fire engines of insignificant power and dimensions, 
and, in the inland towns, were most commonly superannuated 
machines, which had been discarded by the authorities of larger 
cities to make ready for new and more powerful ones, and which 
had been picked up cheaply by the rural municipalities. In 1773, 
an engine house was erected for the "Sun" engine on the lot on 
North George street, adjoining the dwelling of John Hay, lately 
the entrance to Herman & Hake's livery. On occasion of fire, the 
bell in the belfry of the German Reformed Church was sounded 
until July 4, 1776,^ after which the bell in the Court House tower 
was rung. The "Hand in Hand" bucket, basket and ladder fire 
company originated in the summer of 1772, and when the "Sun" 
engine was procured, it became auxiliary to that company in pass- 
ing filled buckets to the engine at fires. 

iNote 37. 






Fire Buckets for the Public Buildings of York in 1773. 
Membership of the Hand in Hand Company. 

The following petition and order, discovered by the writer, and 
in his possession, among Court House papers, is published for the 
first time; it shows that the purchase of the first York Fire Engine 
was prior to January, 1773, and that of the twenty-six petitioners, 
sixteen were, 1771 and 1773, members of the "Sun" Company. 
The remainder: George Eiclielberger, Samuel Nelson, Andreas 
Urbinger, William Bailey, John Kean, Heinrich Wolf, Thomas 
Hartley, William Scott, Michael Doudel and Francis Jones were 
doubtless members of the Hand in Hand Fire Company. 

"To the Worshipfull the Justices of the County Court of General Quarter Ses- 
sions of the Peace held at York for the County of York the last Tuesday of January 
in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven Hundred and Seventy three. 

THE petition OF A Number of the Inhabitants 
of York Town. 
Most Humbly Shew^eth 

That they have been at a considerable Expense in Providing a Water Engine 
and a number of buckets for the common use of tins Town, but that at a Fire 
which lately broke out in the Town of Y'ork aforesaid, they experienced the Fatal 
consequence of not having a sufficient Number of Buckets, and Your Petitioners 
haveing understood that no Buckets have yet been provided (which they humbly 
concieve would be very necessary) to Preserve the Court House, Gaol and other 
Public Buildings in the Town of York aforesaid from the like accident. 

Therefore Humbly Pray your Worships approbation, and that you would be 
pleased to recommend it to the Grand Jury and the Commissioners and Assessors 
of York County to have a sufficient number of Buckets made for the Purpose. 

And Your Petitioners as in Duty bound Will ever Pray Etc. — Geo. Eichelberger; 
Mich. Swoope; Baltzer Spengler; Samuel Nelson; Fridrich Housman; Jacob Daut- 
tel; Andreas Urbinger; Chas. Luke.-'s; George Slake; David Candler; William 
Bailey; Michel Weider; Jolin Sbultz; John Kean; Joseph Schmidt; Henry Miller; 
George Moul; Heinrich Wolff; Thos. Hartley; Valentine Lees; Migal Welsh; 
Will. Scott; Peter Dinkel; Michael Doudle; Henry Walter; Francis Jones. " 

"January 30, 1773, the Commiss'rs agreed with Ambrose Updegraff to make one 
hundred Leather F'ire Buckets to be marked C. B. for the protection of the Pub- 
lick Buildings in York Town at 26 Shillings a pair — the said Ambrose agrees to 
make one dozen which are to be examined and if found good to make another 
Dozen and so on until all are made, and Jacob Doudle became Security for the 
said Ambro.e at the same time. JOHN NESBlT, 


The Continental Congress, while in session here, 1777-8, ^'' Re- 
solved^ that an appropriation of $50.00, Continental Currency, be 
granted to the fire company of Yorktown having on its engine a 


laurel wreath." According to a manuscript of Col. John Hay, of 
the Revolution, a meeting of the three fire companies was held in 
June, 1780 — the "Laurel, the Federal and the Union," — and a 
request was made of the town officials for fire buckets, which was 

The Question of Seniority. 

The Laurel Company of the present day, claims that the "Sun" 
changed its name to that of "Laurel" prior to 1780, a claim that 
is supported by the records, and the legitimate presumptions that 
can be drawn from them. Gen. Henry Miller, who was the first 
Chairman of the "Sun" in 1771, was also the first Chairman men- 
tioned in the first now existing minutes of the "Laurel," of 1790. 
Andrew Billmeyer, Charles Lukens, Gottleib Ziegle, and Michael 
Graybill, of the "Sun" of 1771 were members of the "Laurel" in 
1790. The designation given by the Continental Congress to the 
"fire company of Yorktown, having on its engine a laurel wreath," 
was presumably the reason for discarding the old name and assum- 
ing the new. 

The "Hand in Hand" fire company of 1772, changed its name 
to that of "Federal" before 1780, or else it did not exist at the lat- 
ter date; for the three companies in York in 1780 and 1803, were 
the "Laurel," the "Federal" and the "Union." The "Federal" 
afterwards became the "Active," and had its engine house on the 
east side of South Beaver street, two doors north of King. As 
late as 1843 it was sometimes designated in the newspapers as the 
"Hand in Hand." From 1824 to 1845 the engine house of the 
"Laurel" was at the Northwest corner of Market and Duke streets. 

The "Vigilant" company of to-day claims to be the legitimate 
descendant of the "Union," — a claim supported by certificates, by 
tradition, and by every presumption of fact. The change of name 
was made in 181 6, and the first minute of the "Vigilant" fire com- 
pany is dated December 18, 1816. and the first-mentioned President 
elected, was Philip Smyser, December 8, 181 7. The first minute 
book contains the recorded actions of the company to January 5, 
1842. The "Union-Vigilant" engine house before 1834 was on 
the south side of Market street, two doors west of Water, a picture 
of which will be found hereinafter. 


The following certificates were obtained in 1856 to sustain the 
claim of seniority by the "Vigilant" company : 

No. I. 

"I do certify that I worked at the brakes of the engine belonging to the Union 
Company (now called Vigilant) in July, 1797, and at that time there was no Laurel 
in existence. 

"York, March 13th, 1856. JESSE SPANGLER, 

Witness, Aged 81 years." 


No. 2. 

" I do certify that I do distinctly remember the building of the Laurel engine 
by Mr. Welshans, which occurred after or since A. D., 1800. 

"York, March 13th, 1856. JOHN W. SCHLOSSER, 

Age 70 years. 

JERE CARL. Age 74 years." 

No. 3. 

" I do certify that I remember distinctly the building of the engine by Mr. 
Welshans for the Laurel and am positive that the engine belonging to the Union 
(afterwards changed to Vigilant) was considerable older, and that the organization 
known as the Vigilant Fire Company existed some years previous to the Laurel 
Fire Company. 

"York, March 13th, 1856. JOHN KRABER, SR., 

Witness, JERE CARL. Age 75 years." 

No. 4. 

"I Cetme to York at the age of 12 years to learn the clock and watchmaking 
business with Elislia Kirk in the year 1784 ; at that time the Mason appeared to be 
in use several years and was repaired several times by the hands of Elisha Kirk up 
to the year 1791. 

" In the year 1796 or '97, I was engaged to make a brass goose neck and other 
repairs to the amount of I40. 

"In the year 1803 it was in active service at the burning of barns in the alley be- 
tween Water and Beaver streets and Market and Philadelphia streets. 

"This same engine was called 'Little Mason,' Union and Vigilant afterwards. 

" The Welshans engine was not built until after the burning of the German Re- 
formed church. 

"York, xvlarch 13th, 1856. JONATHAN JESSOP. 

Witness, JERE CARL." 


No. 5. 

"I do certify that the Fire Company whose engine house was standing where 
my residence now stands is the same as now known as the ' Vigilant Fire Company.' 
"York, March 13, 1856. M. DOUDEIv. 

Witness, JFRE CARL." 

No. 6. 

" I do certify that the engine called the ' Mason ' was the only one in service 
at the burning of the German Reformed church, A. D., 1797. 

Witness, JERE CARL, 1856." 

No. 7. 

" We distinctly remember the changing of the name ' Hand in Hand ' Fire Co., 
to ' Active.' JACOB BARNITZ, 

"York, March 13th, 1856. DANIEL SMALL. 

Witness JKRE CARL." 

No. 8. 

" We certify that we were members of the ' Vigilant Fire Co.,' when the engine 
house stood where Gen. M. Doudel's residence now stands and was known then by 
the name of ' Union,' and we were present at the meeting of the company held in 
the Lancasterian School House in 1816 when the name was changed by a close 
vote of the company to 'Vigilant ' and that we still continued for some years after- 
ward members of said company and as far as organization the company was the 
same. J. M.JESSOP, 

"York, March 13th, 1856. PHILIP SMYSER. 

Witness, JERE CARL." 

As to certificate No. i; if Jesse Spangler meant that the Laurel 
engine and fire company were not in existence in July, 1797, his 
statement is disproved by the minutes of the Laurel, which show 
meetings of the company on July 8th and 15th, 1797, and the pos- 
session of an engine. 

No. 2 states that the so-called Welshans engine of the Laurel 
was built about 1800. No. 3 shows that the Union (afterwards 
the Vigilant) engine was considerably older than the Welshans 
engine; and asserts that the Union-Vigilant organization existed 
some years previous to the Laurel. If the Laurel was the succes- 
sor of the Sun, as the Vigilant was of the Union, this assertion 
cannot be correct. 


Certificate No. 4 asserts that the Mason engine was in service 
in York about 1782. A note in the first Vigilant minute book 
states: "Old Vigilant, now in Dover, built in Philadelphia, 1778, 
by Mason." If it was built in 1778, it could not have been the 
"water engine" of 1772, and mentioned in the petition presented 
to the Court of Quarter Sessions of York County in January, 1773. 

No. 6 asserts that the "Mason" was the only engine in service 
at the German Reformed Church fire of 1797. If No. 7 is correct, 
then the "P'ederal" was not the successor of the "Hand in Hand," 
which is not likely, as the latter was not in existence in 1780 nor 
in 1803. However, as the "Active" was sometimes called, as late 
as 1843, the "Hand in Hand," the same designation may have 
commonly clung to the "Federal." No. 8 locates the Union 
engine house, gives the date of the change of the name to Vigi- 
lant, and the identity of the two organizations. 

Lamentations in 1789. But One Fire Engine Then in 


According to the subjoined communication there appears to 
have been, in 1789, but one fire engine in York, and that in a 
rickety and unserviceable condition; and the fire companies appear 
to have fallen into a condition of enervation and inefficiency — due 
probably to the refusal of the town authorities to furnish them 
buckets in 1780. 
From the Penna. Herald and York General Advertiser, Feb. 2^, i^Sg: 

" Messrs. Printers : — I am one of the people who think a great deal and talk 
little ; my thoughts I have often imagined would be useful if laid before the pub- 
lic ; but as I am a batch elor and consequently a free thinker, I do not know 
whether I am justifiable in communicating them or no ; however, at all events, I 
shall venture to lay before you my last night's dream with a few observations 
thereon, which, if you think proper to insert it in your truly impartial paper, will 
oblige a constant reader. 

" I imagined that a dreadful and alarming fire had broken out. in the most cen- 
tral part of this borough, that the inhabitants being roused at the cry of fire, turned 
out to afford their assistance in extinguishing the flames, but alas ! their assist- 
ance, I thought proved ineffectual — one exclaimed : ' Is there no fire engine in 
town?' Another 'Aye! for Heaven's sake, let us bring the engine.' After some 
considerable delay, the engine was brought, but was found to be entirely out of 
repair, therefore could be of no use in putting a stop to the dreadful ravage occa- 
sioned by the spreading of the most dangerous element. During the confusion 
and bustle, I thought the flames had expanded to a very great length, and in a 


short time laid one side of the street in ashes, and reduced those who, but a few 
hours before, were in affluent circumstances to a state of beggary and ruin. 

" Now Messrs. Printers, if such a fire was to happen, what other hopes or expec- 
tations could we have but to see our propert}- consumed before our faces ? We have 
no fire companies, one engine out of repair, and the as.sistance offered by the in- 
habitants under no manner of regulation, would be but trifling on such an occa- 
sion. It would give me pleasure, should these observations stimulate a desire in 
the inhabitants to form themselves into fire companies, to be under similar regula- 
tions to those in Philadelphia, Baltimore, &c. They may at a trifling expense 
purchase another good fire engine, and be always in readiness when the assist- 
ance may be required. VIGILANS." 

"York, March ii, 17S9. 

"An inhabitant, who has the interest of the borough at heart, is sorry to see 
so judicious a hint as the Batchclor s Dream remain unnoticed, and to find the 
subject of dancing gain ground and engross the attention of so many able writers 
whose shining talents, if employed on some necessary subject, would no doubt be 
produetive of better consequences. 

" The inhabitants of York, obser\-es a correspondent, are not unlike the inhabi- 
tants of Carlisle where, in point of negligence, they will never be impressed with a 
true sense of the melanchoh' consequences that may arise from their inattention in 
not forming Fire companies, till they experience a similar fate ; and when the mis- 
chief is done, we may expect to hear them make a wonderful bustle about repair- 
ing and purchasing engines, buckets, &c., &c." 

From the Pennsylvania Herald and York General Advertiser of Aug. 12, ij8g: 

" We hear the inhabitants of this borough have in contemplation, a petition to 
the next session of General Assembly, for leave to raise by the way of lottery, a 
sum sufficient to purchase a Town Clock and Fire Engine." 

The Pennsylvania Herald and York General Advertiser of July 
12, 1797, ^^^ describing the fire of the Wednesday previous, July 
5, says: 

"The fire broke out between 12 and i o, clock in the back buildings of John 
Hay, Esq., adjoining his dwelling house. From fifteen to twenty houses and the 
German Presbyterian Church, church organ, bells and records were completely 
destroyed. ' ' 

This is an error, for the baptismal and marriage record book 
was not destroyed. 

"The Court house and Market house were on fire but the flames were extin- 
guished. Some b}- incessant labour, kept the fire engine in continuous, 
while others furnished a constant supply of water at the scene of action. " 

Glossbrenner, in his Histor}' of York County, quotes an account 
which says: "Some kept the fire engines in continual operation;" 
but the name of the author, or authority, is not given. It looks 
like a paraphrased account from the Herald and Advertiser afore- 


said, which was the only newspaper then published in York, ex- 
cept the German Gazette, begun in 1796, 

That the three fire companies in York, in 1803, were the "Fed- 
eral," "Union" and "Laurel," is evidenced by the following paper 
found by the writer among the Laurel archives: 

"Jos. Wampler, Captain. Federal company, i John Daytch, 2 John Kreber, 3 
John Cloyd, 4 John Fleger; Union, i Jacob Ilgenfritz, 2 Henry Waggoner, 3 John 
Fundermill ; Laurel, Michael F,irich, George Valentine Metzel." 

This paper is not dated; but its date is established by the fact 
that Jos. Wampler, Michael Eirich and George Valentine Metzel 
first appear in the roll of membership of the "Laurel" on March 
9, 1803; ^^^ by t^^ further fact that during the reign of incen- 
diary fires in York of 1803,' the fire companies were con- 
verted into quasi-military organizations; and this accounts for the 
appointment of Jos. Wampler as "Captain." 

The writer found among the papers of Col. John Hay, of Revo- 
lutionary fame, "A list of the names of the members composing 
the Active Fire Company;" at least up to 1803 it was the Federal. 
The list contains 81 names. The births of three members, viz.: 
Dr. John Spangler, John Spangler, Jr., and Martin Spangler (the 
last two were first cousins of the first), were respectively 1770, 
1779 and 1782; and assuming that Dr. John Spangler would not 
likely be an active member after his fortieth year, this member- 
ship list was not presumably of later date than 1810; it could not 
have been of later date, probably about 1805, as the custodian of 
the list died in April, 1810. 

The assumption that the Active company was the successor of 
the Federal company is strengthened by the fact, that the name of 
John Kreber, who was a member of the Federal in 1803, is also 
found in this list. 

The name of Michael Edwards is also in this Active list. In 
his affidavit he states that he left York in 1801 — another illustra- 
tion of the fallibility of the human memory. 

The rules of the Laurel, of March 9, 1803, provided for 

"Four Engine directors, four StafFmen, to form the ranks and keep them in 
order — each to have a Black Staff mounted with a Bright ferrel of tin; six Hook 
and Ladder men to have them forwarded with all possible speed to the place of 

iNote 31. 


Fier; two Roof and t-,vo Ax-nien to guard the movables— each with a White Staff 
mounted with a Bright ferrel of Tin; and each member shall provide himself with 
two Leather Buckets." 

On October 8, 1870, the affidavit of Michael Edwards, a centen- 
arian, was taken. The Laurel minutes of February 26, 1799, show 
that he was fined i2jX cents for absence. In his affidavit, he says 
that he was born August 10, 1767, in Yorktown, and continued a 
resident until 1801. 

"I was an apprentice to Conrad Welshans, a gun maker, during my minority, 
and I\Ir. Welshans and myself were both members of the fire company then in 
Yorktown. There was no other fire company then to the best of ray knowledge. 
I do not know when that Fire company was organized; it was organized long be- 
fore I was a member of it. I helped to repair the engine of the one I belonged to. 
Jacob Welshans, Conrad Welshans and myself worked at it. I do not know of 
any other fire company here when I left York to the best of my knowledge." 

The roll of membership of the Laurel, of 1790, does not contain 
the name of Mr. Edwards. His name in the minutes first appears 
in connection with the fine imposed in 1799. Between 1792 and 
1797, no action of the company was recorded in the minute book. 
He may have been a member before 1790 — there is no record to 
show it — but he must have been a member before the fine was 
imposed in 1799. Jacob Welshans was, on March, 1790, elected 
"the person to take care of the engine." Conrad Welshans was a 
member on April 2, 1790. 

Mr. Edwards' assertion that there was no other fire company in 
York in 1 801, or prior thereto, is not correct. There is nothing 
so faulty as the human memory, especially as to dates, and after a 
long lapse of time; and this fallibility applies as much to the re- 
spectable certifiers of the Vigilant as to the equally respectable 
Mr. Edwards. 

As to what engines appeared at some of the old-time fires might 
be material on the question of seniority, if the possession of an en- 
gine in those days had been a sine qua non to the existence of a 
fire compan5^ But such was not the case; for instance, the 
" Hand in Hand " company and its successors did not have an 
engine until after 1800. What is more natural than that the first 
company should be formed where the centre of population was at 
the time of formation. That the Laurel had an engine on March 
I, 1790, and subsequent, is incontestibly shown by its existing 


minutes. In article third of the "articles of government," adopted 
March i, 1790, is the following: 

" That the president shall at every quarterly meeting nominate two Persons who 
shall each be furnished with a key for the Engine House and who shall on hearing 
the Cry of Fire instantly repair to the same and forward the Engine with all Expe- 
dition to the place of Fire." 

At the meeting of the company June 7, 1790, "The President 
not having his Bucket and Basket was fined one shilling, and 
Jacob Welshans, six pence for not giving notice to Philip Heckert 
to work the engine." At the meeting of vSeptember 6, 1790; "All 
members who were absent at the working of the Fire Engine, 
having given sufficient reasons are excused." September 2, 1791: 
"Absent at the working of the engine, Conrad Welshans, Abra- 
ham Miller, Henry Sheffer and Michael Graybill, each fined one 
shilling, paid to the Treasurer." 

At the meeting of March, 5, 1792, twelve members were fined 
for absence, and thirteen for being absent at the working of the 
engine. At the next recorded meeting, held July 8, 1797, a com- 
mittee was appointed to "Revise and Amend the Rules and Ar- 
ticles of this Company." On July 15, 1797, the committee re- 
ported the "Articles for the Government of the Laurel Fire Com- 
pany in the borough of York, March i, 1790, Revised and Amended 
July 12, 1797." These rules also directed the "members on a cry 
of Fire to instantly proceed the Engine with all expedition to the 
place of Fire." The rules of March 9, 1803, provided for the 
election of four men as engine directors; and that the engine be 
exercised once a month from April i to November i, and from 
November ist to April ist twice a month. 

There were no recorded minutes between March 5, 1792, and 
July 8, 1797. T'he conflagration of July 5, 1797, no doubt aroused 
the company from its comatose condition, and impelled it to call a 
meeting three days later for the revision of the rules of 1790. 

On November 28, 1802, there was a "water-works" display by 
the York fire companies. The York Recorder, in anticipation, 
says: "Should the exhibitions meet with encouragement, it is 
not doubted but the engines will be put in complete repair." 

The York Recorder, of March 9, 1803, in describing one of the 
Negro conspiracy fires of that period, says : 


" On Monday night, the inhabitants of this borough received another hint of the 
necessity of keeping the engines and fire companies in order. If things go on at 
this rate, we shall have exercise enough for them. The officers of the corporation 
have been applied to again and again during the winter to make preparations 
against accidental fire, but all to no purpose. They sat with their arms folded, 
until the cr}- of fire startled them into activity ; then no ladders nor hooks were to 
be found and no engines in order. ' ' 

The York Gazette of Dec. 19, 181 6, designates the Vigilant 
Company as the "Western Vigilant Fire Company" and states 
that "the company agreed that the boundary line should extend 
from the western end of the borough to the west side of Beaver 
street and shall be called the Western Vigilant Fire Company. 
Nothing would be more desirable at this time, as it is well 
known that the engines and all the necessary apparatus are not in 
repair. There are three engines ; ought it not to claim the par- 
ticular attention of the citizens to form a company to each ?" 

The truth is that in the early life of the York fire companies, 
they were at various periods in a lethargic and somnolent condi- 
tion, with their apparatus in constant disrepair, due to a want of 
municipal encouragement and support. But that they lost their 
identity or organization, is not shown, nor are there any facts 
from which such deductions can be drawn. 

By digesting and analyzing the various statements, and discard- 
ing those that are inherently incredible, and contradict the records 
— records in law import verity — the subjoined conclusions may be 
legitimately and safely drawn: 

First, that the Sun engine was the first in York, and the only 
fire engine in York in 1789; that the .so-called Welshans engine 
was the Sun-Laurel engine repaired and renovated soon after the 
fire of 1797; that the Sun-Laurel Company was in the possession 
of this engine from 1772 until after 1803. 

Second, that the Union-Mason engine was not in York in 1789; 
that it was the engine in contemplation in the newspaper article 
of August 12, 1789 and was purchased after that date; that both 
the Sun-Laurel and the Union-Mason engines were at the time of 
their arrival in York, both city-discarded and superannuated ma- 
chines, needing constant repairs, as the statements show; that the 
Union-]\Iason engine was the only engine (not the only company) 


at the fire of 1797; and that the Sun-Iyaurel engine was at that 
time in an unservicable condition. 

Third, that the Sun company was the first in York, the Hand 
in Hand second, and the Union third. 

Fourth, that the Laurel company was the successor of the Sun; 
the Federal of the Hand in Hand, and the Active of the Federal; 
and the Vigilant of the Union. 

The writer has neither membership of, nor affiliation with, 
any of our present fire companies; but facts are facts and history 
is history. What boots it which company is Number i ? In the 
estimation of the public, that is first which is best, and in this 
respect the Vigilant is second to none. 

Extinguishing Fires in the Olden Times. 

Fires in the days of old were not so numerous as now, except 
during the negro conspiracy of 1803 ; but when they did occur 
they were intensely exciting. This immunity was mainly due to 
the fact that few houses exceeded two stories in height, and were 
therefore easily accessible in every part. Few towns had any pub- 
lic water supply, and when fires broke out the only recourse was 
the nearest pump. The fire apparatus, as already shown, was re- 
stricted to the side lever gallery fire engine. 

When fire broke out the alarm was given by the cry of " Fire ! 
fire!" at first a faint and solitary voice in the distance, perhaps, 
but quickly taken up by other nearer and louder voices, shouting 
the startling alarm as the people poured out of their houses and 
ran toward the scene of the conflagration, each one vociferating 
the cry with all their might, as if his salvation depended upon the 
uproar he raised. 

When the startling alarm was heard each citizen or some one of 
his household rushed for the fire buckets, bags and baskets, and 
dashed with them in the direction of the fire where a dark line 
was automatically formed, reaching from the chosen pumj) to the 
engine. One of these lines was composed of adult men, and well 
grown youths, who passed the full buckets to the engine ; and the 
other of women and young boys and aged men, who passed the 
empty buckets back to the water supply, where they were again 


filled and passed back and forth as long as the exigency required. 
Great was the competition between the adherents of the rival 
" Masheens," to secure the pump nearest the fire, and often lusty 
were the hustling and wrangling, and sometimes doughty the en- 
counters that accompanied the struggle for it. 

The Female Firemen of York in 1803. 

In describing the extinguishment . of a large fire the York 
Recorder of ISIarch 9, 1803, says : 

"The fair sex of this place deserve the highest praise on such occasions, — they 
are patterns of exertion, presence of mind, and patience under fatigue, even to the 
men. Two hints to them are necessary, first that if the fire breaks out near any of 
their houses, instead of carrying off their blankets with the rest of their movables, 
they should immediately have them well wetted, and given to the men to put on 
the roofs of the houses near the fire — this hint they are requested to remember and 
attend to it when the misfortune happens again. The second advice is, that when 
they go in the ranks, it is best for them to take the empty bucket side; thus their 
exertions may be longer continued, and they will be less liable to be wetted, by the 
continuous spilling of water, which the hurry produces on the full bucket side of 
the line." 

The conspiracy to burn York in 1803, here mentioned, was the 
result of a negro conspiracy to burn York. Many conflagrations 
followed, and in consequence organized guards were stationed in 
every section of the town. The tmpublished orders in relation 
thereto are of profound interest.' 

Prevention of F'ires. Regulations for Chimneys and 
Chimney Sweepers. 

In the olden times when wood was the only fuel in use for heat- 
ing and cooking purposes, chimneys became periodically encrusted 
with an inflammable coat of soot, which a high flame would readily 
ignite. To avoid ignition it became necessary to scrape this com- 
bustable substance from the flues at frequent intervals. As the 
house coverings in those days consisted almost exclusively of 
shingle roofs, the burning of a chimney would inevitably result in 
a conflagration more or less destructive. 

The occupation of chimney sweeping was mostly confined to 

1 Note 31. 





negroes, whose lusty and musical cries, announcing their occupa- 
tion, were almost daily heard in the streets of York. 

The menace to property by neglected chimneys, and the occa- 
sional exorbitant charges of the chimney sweeper, led to the pass- 
age of the following ordinance: 

From the Pennsylvania Herald and York General Advertiser, York, February, 

ID, ijgo. 

"An ordinance for regulating chimney Sweepers, and preventing accident which 
may happen by fire within the Borough of York. 

"Whereas, the houses and estates of the inhabitants of the Borough of York, 
are frequently endangered by Chimneys taking fire, and blazing out at the top, and 
it is necessary that such abuses should be remedied, and a proper regulation made 
amongst those who undertake the sweeping of chimneys. 

"Be it therefore enacted and ordained, by the Burgesses, High Constable, Assist- 
ants and Freeholders of the Borough of York, in town meeting assembled, (duly 
notified and convened, conformably to the charter constitution of the said Borough) 
and by the authority of the same. That no person or persons, from and after the 
passage of this act, shall follow the business or occupation of a chimney sweeper, 
either by himself, his servants, negroes or others, within the said Borough of York, 
without having first made application to the Town Clerk, for the time being, and 
having registered or caused to be registered, his or their names, and the name or 
names of his or their servants, negroes or other persons aforesaid, with nutnber 
affixed, to each and every said name, in a book to be kept for that purpose, and 
without procuring and receiving from the said Clerk, for the time being, a certifi- 
cate of such registry, containing the number and name of every person so entered, 
under the penalty of five shillings for every day he shall follow by himself, or 
cause to be followed by his servants, negroes, or others, the said business, which 
said certificate the said Clerk, for the time being, is hereby enjoined to make out, 
under his hand, and deliver to the person or persons, who shall apply for the same; 
and for every such registry and certificate, he shall receive the sum of one shilling, 
and no more. 

"And be it further enacted and ordained, by the authority aforesaid, that every 
chimney sweeper, shall have and receive for every chimney by him swept, in the 
Borough aforesaid, as follows, that is to say, for every chimney of one story nine- 
pence, for every chimney passing through two stories, one shilling, and for every 
chimney passing through three stories, one shilling and three pence, and no more. 

"And be it further enacted and ordained, by the authority aforesaid, that if any 
person or persons, whatsoever, within the said Borough, shall set on fire his, her 
or their chimnies, or suffer them to be done to cleanse the same, or shall suffer 
them or any of them to take fire, and blaze out at the top, the same not having 
been swept within the space of one calender month, next before the time of taking 
such fire, every such person or persons shall forfeit and pay the sum of twenty 
shillings ; and if any chimney shall take fire, and blaze out at the top, the same 
having been swept within one calender month from the time of such taking fire, 
the person who swept the same, either by himself or servants, shall forfeit and pay 
the like sum of twenty shillings. 

" And be it further enacted and ordained, by the authority aforesaid, that all and 


every the penalties and forfeitures imposed by virtue of this act, shall be paid to 
the Town-Clerk, for the time being, for the use of the corporation, to be paid in 
the name of the said clerk, and recovered before any of the Burgesses of the said 
Borough, or before any justice in the said Borough, who is hereby authorized to 
hear, try, judge, and determine the same. 

"And be it further enacted and ordained, by the authority aforesaid, that it shall 
and may be lawful for the said Burgesses and assistants, or a majority of them, at 
any other time, to regulate, lessen or increase, and fix the prices for the sweeping 
of chimnies, in such manner as to them shall appear just, and from time to time to 
publish the same in the York papers, so that all concerned may govern themselves 
accordingly, anything in this act in that respect contained, to the contrary, in any 
wise notwithstanding. Signed by order of the meeting. 

J. BARNITZ, Ch. Magistrate. 

"Enacted into an ordinance, this eighth day of February, one thousand seven 
hundred and ninety. JOHN DOLIv.Jun. T. Clerk." 

Minutes of the Sun Fire Company — The Firemen of York, 


" articles of the 
SUN FIRE Company 

In York Town. 

" The third Day of April in the year of our Lord one thousand Seven Hundred 
and Seventy two we whose Names are hereunto subscribed do for the better pre 
serving our own and Fellow Townsmen's Houses, Goods and Effects from Fire mu- 
tually agree in manner following. That is to say — 

"ist That we will each of us at his own proper Charge, Provide Two Leathern 
Buckets, one Bag and one Convenient Basket, the Bag to be made of Good Ozen- 
brigs or Wider Linnen, whereof each Bag shall Contain Two Yards at least and 
shall have a runing string at the Mouth, which said Buckets, Bags and Baskets 
shall be marked with our Names respectively and Company and shall be kept 
ready at hand and applied to no other use than for preserving our own and our 
fellow Townsmen's Houses, Goods and Effects, in Case of Fire as aforesaid. 

"That if any of us shall Neglect to Buckets, Bag and Baskets as aforesith or 
when so provided shall Neglect to keep them ready for the Uses herein mentioned 
he shall forfeit and pay unto the Clerk for the time being, for the Use of the Com- 
pany the Sum of one Shilling for every such Neglect except any of them shall 
happen to be lost at a Fire. 

"That if any of the Buckets, Bags or Baskets aforesaid shall be lost or Damaged 
at any Fire the same shall be supplied and repaired out of the Stock of the Com- 
pany as soon as possible. 

" That we will all of us upon hereing of Fire breaking out Immediately repair 
to the same with our Buckets, Bags and Baskets and there use our best endeavors 
to preserve the Goods and Effects of such of us as shall be in Danger, by Packing 
the same into our Bags and Baskets and if more than one of us shall be in Danger 
at the same time, we will Devide ourselves as near as may be to be equally help- 
full, and such of us as maj' be spared shall assist others, And to prevent as much 
as in us lies suspicious persons from comeing into and Carrying any such Goods or 


Effects out of such Houses as may be in Danger. Two of our Number shall con- 
stantly attend at the Doors until all the Goods and Effects, that can be saved, are 
pacht up and sent into some safe place to be appointed by the owners or such of 
our Company as shall be present where one or more of us shall Attend them untill 
they can be conveniently Delivered to or secured by the Owner. 

" And upon our iirst hearing the Cry of Fire in the Night Time we will Imme- 
diately cause one or more Ivights to be set up in our Window and such of the 
Company whose Houses may be Thought in Danger shall likewise place Candles 
in every Room to prevent Confusion, and that their Friends may be able to give 
them more Speedy and Effectual Assistance. And moreover as this Association 
is intended for a General Benefit \\e do further agree that when a Fire breaks out 
in any part of the Town of York, tho none of our Company their Goods or Effects 
may be in apparent Danger we will Nevertheless Repair thither with our Buckets, 
Bags and Baskets and give our utmost Assistance to such of our Fellow Townsmen 
as may stand in Need of us in the same manner as if they were belonging to this 

"And if it shall appear at the next Meeting of the Company after the breaking 
out of a Fire in the Town of York aforesaid that any of our Members Neglected to 
Attend with their Buckets, Bags and Baskets every such Neglecting Member shall 
forfeit and pay to the Use of the Company the Sum of One Shilling unless pre- 
vented from Attending by sickness or other reasonable Cause. 

"That we will meet Together in the Eavening of the Second Fryday in every 
Month at the Hour of Six from the Month of September till April Inclusive, and 
at the Hour of Eight for the remainder of the Year and at such place as may be 
agreed on by the Company from Time to Time to consider of what may be further 
useful in the Premisses, the Company not to sit as such after the Hour of Ten each 

" And if any Member shall Neglect to Meet as aforesaid he shall forfeit and pay 
to, the Clerk for the Time being for the Use of the Company the Sum of one Shil- 
ling for every such Neglect. 

"That at our Meetings in April in every Year we will Chose some fit Person of 
our Company for Treasurer, who shall serve the Company in that Office for one 
Year and shall pay and Dispose of such Monies as shall be Deposited in his Hands 
for the Company's Use in such Manner as shall be concluded and agreed on by the 
said Company at their Meetings agreeable to the Tenor hereof and shall render a 
fair and Just Account thereof as often as required by the Company and pay and 
Deliver the remaining part of the Companies stock in his Hands at the Expiration 
of the Year to the next Succeeding Treasurer. 

"That at every Meeting the former Clerk shall be President, tho if he pleases 
may Chose one in his stead whose business it shall be to regulate their Debates 
and state the proper Questions when any thing is to be determined by vote, and 
having collected the General Sense of the Company to Direct such Entries to be 
made in the Minutes as shall be agreeable thereto And if any Person so Chosen for 
the Companies Treasurer shall refuse to serve in the said Office he shall forfeit and 
pay the sum of Five Shillings to the use of the Company, And upon his refusal, 
Death or Departure out of this Province another shall be Chosen in his place at 
the next Meeting of the Company to officiate for the remainder of the said year. 

"That we will each of us in our Turns according to the Order of our subscrip- 
tions serve the Company as Clerk for the space of one month, viz, that is whose 


Name is hereunto first Subscribed shall serve first and so on to the last whose busi- 
ness it shall be to inspect the Condition of each of our Buckets, Bags, and Baskets 
and make Report thereof at every Monthly Meeting, to collect all fines and for- 
fei tures accrueing by Virtue hereof, to leave Notice at the Dwelling House of 
every Member of the Time and Place of Meeting at least two Hours beforehand, 
And if any of the Company's Money proposed to be laid out, a New Member to be 
Admitted or any alteration to be made to any of these present Articles he is like- 
wise to give Notice thereof in writing as aforesaid to every Member And shall 
keep fair Minutes of the proceedings of the said Company in this Book which hath 
been provided for the purpose. And that the Clerk shall be Obliged to Collect all 
the Fines Accrueing or belonging to the Company for absences at the then last 
Meeting except it shall appear that the last proceeding Clerk failed to give the 
Company Notice as aforesaid. And shall likewise Demand and endeavor to Col- 
lect all other Fines and forfeitures due to the Company by Virtue hereof. And 
when his Office Expires shall pay to the Treasurer for the Time being all the said 
Fines for absenses and all other Sums by him Collected (except as before excepted) 
and shall enter the same or cause it to be Entered in the said Company's Book of 
Minutes which Book with all the Company's papers in his Custody shall then be 
Delivered to the next Succeeding Clerk. And if any Clerk shall Neglect to give 
such Notices of the Time Place and Business of the Meetings as by these presents 
he is required to give he shall forfeit and pay the sum of six Pence for every Mem- 
ber who shall be absent from that Meeting through such his Default and if any 
Member shall refuse to serve as Clerk in his Turn as aforesaid he shall forfeit and 
pay the .Sum of five Shillings to the use of the Company. 

"That our Company shall not Exceed the Number of Twenty-five at any Time, 
no New Member to be admitted, Money to be Disposed of, nor any alterations 
made in these present Articles, u:itill the Meeting next after the same is first pro- 
posed and the whole Company acquainted therewith by Written Notices as afore- 
said nor without the consent of the Majority of the Company then Met and that 
the Time of Entering upon business shall be half an Hour after the Time appointed 
for the Meeting as aforesaid. 

" That each Member shall keep a List of all the Subscribers Names to be fixed in 
open View Near the Buckets, Bags and Baskets, under pain of forfeiting six pence. 

"That all Fines and Forfeitures arising by Virtue hereof shall be paid unto the 
Clerk for the Time being for the use of the Company and by him to the Company's 
Treasurer at the End of his Clerkship to be Common Stock. And if any Member 
shall refuse or Neglect to pay any Fine or forfeiture aforesaid when Demanded his 
Name shall be Raized out and from thenceforth excluded the Company and like- 
wise pay for the Use of the Company the sum of Seven Shillings and six Pence. 

" LASTLY, That upon the Death of any of our Company the Survivors shall in 
time of Danger as aforesaid be Aiding and Assisting the Widow of such Decedent 
during her Widowhood as if her Husband had been living she only keeping the 
Buckets Bag and Basket as aforesaid. 

"That every Member not Appearing at the Expiration of the Appointed Hour 
shall forfeit and pay one shilling for every such Neglect and if any Member so for- 
feiting shall afterwards Join the Company he shall Pay an equal share of the Reck- 
oning. That the Clerk who does not Deliver the Company's Book of Minutes at 
least a Week before the Time of Meeting shall forfeit and pay the sum of five Shil- 


"That every Member shall be fined six Pence and no more for every Bag, Bucket 
or Basket respectively that shall not be found ready when the Clerk of the Time 
being from Time to Time shall Call to View them or if any other Member of this 
Company shall find them out of their Place at any Time or made use of for any 
other purpose except the use aforesaid. 

" That if any Member shall Neglect to give Notice of his loss of Buckets, Bag or 
Basket at any Fire within two Months after it happens such loss shall not be made 
good by the Company. IN Witness whereof we have hereunto set our Hands on 
the Day and Year first above Written." 

Michael Hahn, Henry Walter, Rudolph Spengler, 

Jacob Dowdle, John Hay, Michael Grayble, 

Baltzer Spengler, Henry Miller, George Stake, 

Frederick Houseman, John Morris, David Candler, 

George Moul. 

All the members did not sign the Articles at this meeting. Ot 
the twenty-five members of January, 1771, mentioned in the be- 
ginning of this note, Conrad Moul, Ignatius Leightner, Charles 
Ivukens, Andrew Billmeyer, Gottleib Zeigle and Solomon Schmuck, 
resigned or died before the adoption of these Articles; and Michael 
Swoope, Stophel Lowman and Joseph Smith became new members. 

"On Fryday April the third 1772 at the Meeting of the Members of the Sun Fire 
Company after haveing Signed the forgoing Articles of this Company, Jacob Dow- 
dle was Chosen (by a Majority of Votes) to serve as Treasurer for the Ensuing 
Year at the same time Delivered to him 27s. paid by the Company and 7s. 6d. by 
Samuel Edie Esquire for the use of the Company, which amounts to ^'i 4 6. 

"And it is agreed that each of the Members are to Provide themselves with their 
Buckets, Bags and Baskets, agreeable to the foregoing Articles of this Company in 
three Months from this Day otherwise to forfeit as in the Articles is mentioned 
unless they have a reasonable excuse (which excuse to be Determined by the Ma- 
jority of the Company) 

"And it is further agreed that the next Meeting of the Members of the Company, 
on the Second Fryday in May next shall be at the house of Mr. John Schultz. 

"Fryday May the Second Annoque Domini 1772 at a Meeting of the Members of 
the Suu Fire Company at the House of John Schultz." 


John Schultz, Michael Hahn, Jacob Dowdle, 

Baltzer Spengler, Frederick Houseman, John Hay, 

George Stake, George Moul, Michael Welch, 

Henry Miller, Christophel Lowman, John Morris, 

Michael Weider, Valentine L,eas, Rudolph Spengler, 
Michael Grayble, 

Michael Swoope, fined is, pd. Henry Walter, fined is, pd, 

David Candler, fined is, pd. Peter Dinkel, fined is, pd. 

"Ordered That the next Clerk of this Company give Notice in Writing to each 
of the Members, that an Alteration is intended to be made (of the time of Meeting) 


in the Articles of this Company and that some money is proposed to be laid out. 
And it is further Ordered that Michael Hahn get a Ladder made for the use of this 
Company which is to be paid out of the Companj-'s Stock, and that the next 
Meeting be at the House of Joseph Smith. 

"Fryday June the 12th 1772 at a Meeting of the Members of the Sun Fire Com- 
pany at the House of Joseph Smith in York Town." 


Michael Hahn, Frederick Houseman, George Stake, 

George Moul, Henry Miller, John Morris, 

Valentine Lees, Joseph Smith, John Schultz, Clerk. 


Michael Swoope, pd. Jacob Dowdle, pd. Baltzer Spengler, pd. 

Henry Walter, pd. John Kay, pd. David Candler, pd. 

Peter Dinkel, pd. Michael Welch, pd. Stophel Lowman, pd. 

Michael Weider, pd. Rudolph Spengler, pd. Michael Grayble, pd. 

"It appearing to the Company that the Clerk hath given Notice in Writing to 
each of the Members agreeaVjle to the rule of last meeting of the Alteration In 
tended to be made in the Articles of said Company and of some Money which was 
proposed to be laid out. It is therefore Ordered (as the same has been Deter- 
mined by a Majority of Votes) That the said Articles remain unaltered, and that 
the Treasurer of this Company paj' to Michael vSwoope Esquire, four Shillings and 
Nine Pence for the Book which he provided for the use of this Company. And 
that the next Meeting shall be at the House of Baltzer Spengler. " 

At a meeting of the company on the loth day of July, 1772, at 
the house of Baltzer Spengler, 13 members were present, and 8 
absent, who paid their fines. 

At a meeting of the company on Friday, August the 14, 1772, 
at the house of George Stake, 1 7 members were present and 4 
absent and paid. Fines for neglect of duty or absence, unless ex- 
empted for cause, were invariably and relentlessly imposed and 
exacted. At this meeting mention is first made of a Fire Engine, 
which was procured after the last previous meeting. As stated 
before the Hand in Hand Company, at fires, became, in a measure, 
auxiliary to the Sun Company upon the arrival in York of this 
engine. This little side lever engine, in which water was supplied 
by buckets, was a great novelty to the inhabitants; and in order 
to gratify public curiosity, public exhibitions ol its working were 
monthly given in Court House Square. 

" It is agreed by a Majority of this Company that Michael Hahn, Stophel Low- 
man, Baltzer Spengler, and John Hay take care of the Fire Engine Together with 
the ones appointed in the Hand in Hand Company. It is also agreed by a Majority 
of the Members present of this Company that every Member shall attend at Court 


House next Saturday at four O'Clock in the afternoon and so on the Second Sat- 
urday in every Month from the Month of March until the Month of October in 
every Year (Inclusive) at the same Hour with his Fire Buckets, in Order to Assist 
as much as in his power to have the Water Engine lately brought to this Town 
properly worked and in order to have a sufficient Number of Persons Qualified for 
the Management of the Same, under the Penalty of forfeiting six Pence for every 
Days Default of attendance at the Time and Place aforesaid with their Buckets. 
It is agreed that the time of Meeting of the Members of this Company shall be on 
the Second Thursday in every Month and that the next Meeting shall be at the 
House of John Schultz Innkeeper in York Town." 

At a meeting of the company on Thursday, the loth day of 
September, 1772, at the house of John Schultz, 14 were present 
and 7 absent, Michael Swoope and Peter Dinkel having resigned. 

" It appearing to this Company by the report made by the Clerk that Michael 
Swoope and Peter Dinkel have refused to attend this Company as Members and 
have paid 7-6 each according to the artiles they are therefore excused from attend- 
ing which with the fines paid for absent Members makes the Money now in the 
Hands of the Treasurer amount to Two Pounds Sixteen Shillings and Nine Pence 
and ordered that Joseph Smith and Michael Grayble pay a fine of Six Pence each 
for their non attendance at the working of the "Water Engine. It is also agreed by 
this Company that at every Meeting of this Company each Member to spend Six 
Pence and then be excused if he chooses and that no suppers be Provided unless 
agreed to by the Members at their Meeting before such Suppers are to be provided 
and that the Tavern keeper at whose House we shall Meet shall provide for Twelve 
and if less than that Number agree to Sup the Treasurer is to pay out of the Stock 
of this Company for so many suppers as shall be wanting of that Number. 

"And that the next Meeting be at the House of Baltzer Spengler Innkeeper in 
York Town." 

At a meeting of the company on Thursday, the 8th day of 
October, 1772, at the house of Baltzer Spengler, 15 members were 
present and 4 absent. 

"It is agreed by the Company that four Fire Hooks be provided and that John 
Hay undertake to see the same done and if any expence to be paid out of this 
Company's Stock and Ordered that a Key be left with John Schultz to the Presby- 
terian (German Reformed) Church, that if in case a Fire should break out the bell 
may be Rung to give Notice to the Inhabitants of York Town. Michael Dowdle, 
Jacob Haymaker, Charles Barnett, Peter Reel, Stophel Slagle, and John Bushong 
are proposed as Members of this Company and ordered that the Clerk give Notice 
accordingly And Ordered that Jacob Dowdle and Joseph Smith (in Case a Fire 
should happen ) use their best Indeavours to make People to stand regularly in a 
Row to carry Water, and make all Idle Persons stand in a Row or imploy them- 
selves otherwise to have the Fire extinguished. And that the Next Meeting be at 
the House of Joseph Smith Innkeeper in York Town." 

At a meeting of the company on Thursday, the nth day of 


November, 1772, at the house of Joseph Smith, in York Town. 
10 members were present and 9 absent. 

" Paid by the Treasurer of this Company Two Shillings for Supper to John 
Schultz out of the Company's Stock at the Same Time paid to the Treasurer of 
this Company two Shillings fines for absent members which makes the Sum Two 
pounds Sixteen Shillings and nine pence in his Hands. And it is agreed by the 
Majority of the Members Present That the Rule of Providing Suppers for the said 
Company be continued at such Innkeepers House where the said Company from 
Time to Time do Meet, agreeable to the first Rule of this Company. And Whereas 
Michael Doudle, Jacob Haymaker, Charles Barnet, Peter Reel, Stophel Slegle and 
John Bushong not appearing at this Present Meeting To be Properly Admitted into 
Membership of this Company It is therefore Ordered by the Members Present that 
Jacob Doudle Solicit the said Proposed Members To be & appear at the next Meet- 
ing and that Daniel Spengler is Proposed as a Member of this Company. And 
that the Next Meeting be at the House of George Stake Innkeeper in York Town." 

At a meeting of the company on Thursday, the loth day of 
December, 1772, at the house of George Stake, 12 members were 
present and 9 absent, 

"Paid by Frederick Houseman the fine of Michael Grayble, John Schultz, and 
his own 5s. which makes the IVIoney in the Treasurers Hands amount to three 
Pounds, One vShilling and Nine Pence. The Company appoint Frederick House- 
man to collect all the outstanding fines and Pay them to the Treasurer at the next 
Meeting which shall be at the House of John Schultz. Ordered by the Company 
that Baltzer vSpengler, Michael Hahn and Henry Miller waint upon some of the 
Members of the Hand in Hand Fire Company in order to consult with them con- 
cerning a Petition to be drawn to the Court of Common Pleas to recommend it to 
the Grand Jury and Commissioners to have Buckets Provided for the use of the 
Town. The Treasurer paid 2s. Shillings for Supper which reduces the sum in the 
Hands to two Pounds Nineteen Shillings and Nine Pence." 

At a meeting of the company, on the 14th day of January, 1773, 
at the house of John Schultz, 11 members were present and 7 
absent, vStophel Lauman having resigned. 

At a meeting of the company, at the house of Baltzer Spengler, 
on the nth day of February, 1773, 16 members were present and 
2 absent. 

At a meeting of the company, at the house of George Stake, on 
Thursday, the nth day of March, 1773, 14 were present and 4 

"Ordered that Michl Hahn pay is. for not having his Bag and Basket at their 
proper places, Frederick Houseman, 6s.; Jacob Dowdle, 6s.; Rudolph Spengler, 
6s.; Jos. vSmith, 6s.; Michl Weider, 6s., for want of Bags agreeable to the Rules of 
this Company, and Michl Welch 6d. for not having a Bag and that the next Meet- 
ing of this Company be at the House of John Schultz." 


dIi Smith, in York Tovi 

he Same Time paid to the Treasurer of 
IS wliieh makes the Sum Two 
;i<1s. And it i? afrreen hv the 

•ny. And Wtie 

John Bt: :ing To be Properlv 

'^*''"''' • ... - v.. .;,^ ''^'•rnbei.i i it:t,':'iL i.iid.L 

•' at the next Meet- 

mv on Thursday, the loth day of 

nbers were 

sasurer at the next 

: joliu ; ■■:■'■: 

r-.r^d He 

■ io 
;ars to have Buckets Provided for the use of the 
. uiilliijgs for Supper which reduces the sum in tVi^ 
a Shillings and Nine Pence." 

, on the 14th day of January, 1773, 
embers were present and 7 
d. ■ - 

company, a ;se of Baltzer Spengler, 

liiembers were presr 

he company, p- e of George Stake, ' 

y of M /ere present an 

s.; Rudolph Spen;;? 
ble to the Rules 01 
■ iat the next Meet- 




At a meeting of the company, the 8th day of Jnly, 1773, at the 
house of George Stake, 7 members were present and 1 1 absent. 

" It is agreed by a Majority of the Members of This Company that Baltzer Speng- 
ler who is Chosen by a Majority to appoint Samuel Nelson to make a Convenient 
House for the Fire Engine to be kept in, That the Same be Erected and finished 
before the Time of Our Next Meeting, and that Michael Weider repair atid put in 
order the Companys Fire Hooks that were Broke at the Late fire and that the Fite 
Engine be Worked with proper Hands on vSaturday Next at tlie Hour of Five in 
the Afternoon, and that the Next Meeting be at the House of John Schultz. Paid 
to the Treasurer 3s. for the Absent fines of Henry Walter, George Moul and Mi- 
chael Welsh." 

At a meeting of the company, the 9th day of September, 1773, 
at the house of John Schtiltz, 9 members were present and 9 absent. 

" The Members present of the said Company having Adjourned the Business &c 
Transactions thereof (except Saving of their fines) until the Next Meeting by 
Reason of the County Ticket which at the Same Time and place was put to Ballot 
and the Company Votes Requested. Nevertheless ordered that the Next Meeting 
be again at the House of John Schultz." < 

At a meeting of the company, the nth day of November, 1773, 
at the house of John Schultz, 8 members were present and 10 

"Order by the Majority of the Members present That Suppers Shall be provided 
at every of the Companys Meetings agreeable to the Companys first Rule and that 
we will meet Once every xvlonth purslruant to the Rule aforesaid and that we will 
meet at the Hour of Seven oClock in the evening untill the first April next & at 8 
oClock for the Remainder of the year and ordered That all the fines for absence of 
the members or in Default of not having their Bucket Bags Basket or List due 
order be Collected By Succeeding Clerk and to have the said fines at our Next 
meeting and also ordered that the Treasurer render unto the Company at the next 
meeting a True Accompt of the Company's Stock in his hands and that the Next 
meeting be at the House of Baltzer Spengler." 

At a meeting of the company, the 9th day of December, 1773, 
at the house of Baltzer Spengler, 7 were present and 11 absent, 
and paid their fines as usual. 

At a meeting of the company, the 13th day of January, 1774, at 
the house of George Stake, 1 1 were present and 6 absent, Joseph 
Smith having resigned. 

"Joseph Smith appearing at this Meeting Prayed to be excused as a Member 
paid 7s. 6d. and was excused accordingly. It is ordered by a Majority of the Mem ■ 
bers Present that we Meet at the Hour of Six from the Month of October till 
March Inclusive and at the Hour of Seven November and April and for the re- 
mainder of the Year at Eight Henry Walter having lost a Trase at the time the 


Fire broak out at Buts Town Carrying People Over the Water requested allowance 
for the same, Ordered that the Treasurer pay him 15s. for the Same, Ordered that 
Henry Miller & Henry Walter wait upon Conrad Stoutsberger and desire him to 
bring the I^adders and Fire Hooks (for whose Use they were took away) to their 
Proper Place, and if he neglects that they have them brought themselves, and it is 
also ordered that they have the Fire Hooks altered in such manner as they shall 
think Proper and that they see in what order the Water Engine and Buckets are 
in, and make report to the next Meeting which Meeting is to be at the House of 
John Schultz. Paid Michael Weider 2s. 6d. for mending fire Hooks also 3s. for 
Suppers. ' ' 

At a meeting of the company, at the house of John Schultz, the 
loth day of February, 1774, 15 members were present and 2 absent. 

" It is Ordered by a Majority of the Members Present that Rudolph Spengler 
take care of the Water Engine and Keep her in Good Order, he is to take her apart 
and Oyl her once a Month, he is also to keep the I^adders, Fire Hooks in their 
Proper places and not allow them to be taken away for any use whatever, unless at 
the breaking out of a Fire, without the Consent of Six of the Members of this Com- 
pany whereof Baltzer Spengler to be one if he is in Town for v.'hich vService the 
said Rudolph Spengler shall be paid out of this Companys vStock three Dollars, 
Yearly, and if he neglects to keep the Water Engine in Order, or Ladders and 
Hooks in their Proper Places he shall forfeit and pay to the use of this Company 
five Shillings for every neglect. Michael Welch paid 7s.6d. and desired to be ex- 
cused as a Member, he is excused accordingly, the next to be at the House of 
Baltzer Spengler." 

At a meeting of the company, at York, the loth day of March, 
1774, at the house of Baltzer Spengler, 11 members were present 
and 5 absent, Michael Welch having resigned. 

At a meeting of the company, at the house of George Stake, the 
14th day of April, Anno Domini, 1774, 6 members were present 
and 8 absent, John Schultz and Michael Weider having resigned. 

At a meeting of the company, at the house of Baltzer Spengler, 
on Thursday, the first day of December, 1774, 7 members were 
present and 6 absent. 

At a meeting of the company, at the house of George Stake, on 
Thursday, the 29th of December, 1774, 11 members were present 
and 2 absent. 

" Agreed that we Meet together at the Court House on the 6 day of April next 
and so on the Thursday of every Month at the Same place. And that in the Mean 
time we get as many Proper Persons in York Town as we Can to become Members, 
the Notices to be at 6 O' Clock. Agreed unanimously that Baltzer Spengler pay a 
fine of five Shillings for Neglecting to deliver this Book to the Clerk Succeeding 
him to the Treasurer, He being excused for a Reasonable excuse given from the 
payment of Fines for not giving Notice to each Member when he was Clerk — 


Agreed also that each Member attend next Saturday at 3 O'Clock in the afternoon 
to Work the Water Engine, those failing to attend to pay a fine of 6d." 

At a meeting of the company, at the Court House, in York 
Town, on Thursday, the 6th day of April, 1775, 6 members were 
present and 7 absent. 

The Glorious Revolutionary Record of the Sun and Hand 
IN Hand Fire Companies in York. 

The above is the last minute in the "Sun" book. Military 
companies for the Revolutionary struggle were now being formed, 
and the time of the members was taken up in muster and drill. 
Nearly all participated in the War of Independence; and no fire 
companies of the Colonies furnished so gallant a galaxy of distin- 
guished officers and brave men in that great struggle,^ as were 
evolved out of the Sun and Hand in Hand fire companies of York. 

The following members of the "Sun" Company were engaged 
in that war: Michael Swoope, Colonel; Henry Miller, Colonel; 
John Hay, Lieutenant Colonel; Charles Lukens, Major; John 
Morris, Surgeon; Michael Hahn, Captain; Rudolf Spengler, Cap- 
tain; Stophel Lauman, Captain; Baltzer Spengler, First Lieut. 
File: George Moul, Michael Grayble, Gottleib Ziegle, Michael 
Weider, Michael Welsh, Peter Dinkel, John Shultz, David Candler, 
Henry Walter, Frederick Houseman, Andrew Billmeyer, Jacob 
Doudle, George Stake, and Ignatius Leightner. Only three mem- 
bers' names are not found in the newly discovered Revolutionary 
Muster Rolls,' viz : Conrad Moul, Valentine Lees, and Solomon 
Schmuck, who were probably incapacitated for active duty or dead. 

Of the ten known members of the original Hand in Hand Fire 
Company, of 1772,^ all were in the service of the Revolution ex- 
cept Andreas Urbinger, viz : Thomas Hartley, Colonel; William 
Scott, Major; George Eichelberger, Captain; Michael Doudle, 
Captain; William Bailey, Captain. File: Samuel Nelson, Heinrich 
Wolff, Francis Jones and John Kean. 

The Active Fire Company, 1805. 

"A list of the Names of the Members composing the Active Fire Company," 
(about 1805). 

'Note 34. ^Note 34. ^Ante. pp. 363, 382. 


" Wm. Ross, Jno. Hay, jr., John Banner, Wm. Kirk, Hy. Irvine, Jas. Smyth, 
Michael Weidner, Jacob Upp, Jno, Meyer, Geo. Caruthers, John Welsh, (taylor), 
Jno. Small, Jno. Smyser, Geo. haub, Jeremiah Fugit, Jas. Shall, Charles Fisher, 
Thomas Taylor, jr., Geo. W. Clark, Jno. Welsh, (hatter), Abr, Beidelman, Jno. 
Spangler, (Dr.), Geo. Kuntz, Jacob Stoehr, Jno. Small, Hy. Kremer, Jno. Koch, 
Adam Staub, Geo. Klinefelter, Jno. Laer, Richard Koch, Tobias Fahs, Hy. Small, 
Walter Lawrence, Jno. Youse, Wm. Meem, D. ShefFer, Jno. Lottman, Geo. Lott- 
man, jr., Jacob W^ampler, Francis Jones, Benjn. Shawb, Chs. Stroman, Adam L,eit- 
ner, Michl. Edwards, Jacob Leitner, George Stoehr, Robt. McClellan, Israel Upde- 
graff, Jno. Stewart, Hy. Lenhart, Joseph Harry, Jos. Morris, Martin Spangler, John 
Kreber, Geo. Rothrock, Andw. Nebinger, Hy. Mundorff, John Spangler, jr., Jno. 
Yost, Sam'l Long, Thos. Baumgartner, Jacob Waltemeyer, John McCleary, Dan'l 
Doll, Geo. Breneisen, John Wolff, Eli Benisn, Peter Zeigler, Jacob Horn, Michl. 
Miller, Rich'd Campbell, Hy. Brooks, Rt. Caruthers, G. Pennington, G. Stake, 
Geo. Fry, Thos. Nevans, Mahlon Kirk, A. Leitner, jr., Jacob Welsh." 

Francis Jones of the "Hand-in-Hand" of 1772-3, was a member 
of the "Active" of 1805; and John Kreber, of the "Federal" of 
1803, ^s also found in this list — facts in confirmation of the as- 
sumption that the "Hand-in-Hand" was succeeded by the "Fed- 
eral," and the latter by the "Active." 

NOTE 31. 

( PACK ) 56. ) 

Conspiracy of the Negroes to burn York in 1803. 

UNPUB1.1SHKD Instructions to the Guard. 

ON the 230! of February, 1803, a negro woman, named 
Margaret Bradley, was convicted of a misdemeanor in 
attempting to poison Sabina Bentz and Matilda Bentz, 
both of York, and in consequence was sentenced to un- 
dergo an imprisonment of four years in the penitentiary at Phila- 
delphia. The negroes of York, being dissatisfied with the above 
conviction and sentence, determined to have a kind of revenge on 
the whites, and sought it in the destruction of their property. 
They conspired together to burn the town of York, and almost 
succeeded in their purpose. So secret and artful was the conspi- 
racy, that though the fires were known to be the work of incendi- 
aries, yet no suspicion was for a long time attached to the blacks 
of the place. On nearly every successive day or night, for about 
three weeks, they set fire to some part of the town ; but through 
the incessant vigilance and unwearied exertions of the citizens, 
their dark designs were frustrated. Numerous patrols were estab- 
lished ; strong guards were kept on foot by the citizens, and the 
Governor ordered out a detachment of militia, which was con- 
stantly on duty. In the extinguishment of these fires the women 
took a conspicuous part.^ 

Indeed, so great was the danger, and so high had the public fear 
arisen, that they offered, by proclamation on the 17th of March, 
the sum of $300.00 to any person who should discover those who 
were engaged in the conspiracy of burning the borough. But 
happily for the town, suspicion had already been attached and ar- 
rests made, which were followed by confessions. A negro girl, 
who had received instructions to set fire to Mr. Zinn's barn at 

1 Note 30. 


twelve o'clock, mistaking midday for night, perpetrated the deed 
at noon ; in consequence of which unconcealed crime, (for she 
openly carried a pan of coals in the barn and scattered them over 
the hay,) she was arrested, and confessed herself guilty, thereby 
lending a key to the conspiracy. Several other negroes were im- 
mediately arrested on suspicion, and during the following week, a 
number more cast into prison, some of whom confessed. Fires 
now ceased to be kindled, and peace and safety were again restored 
to the town. The persons apprehended lay in jail until May, 
when their trial came on in the Court of Oyer and Terminer. 
One indictment was prosecuted against twenty-one negroes and 
mulattoes for the crime of arson, that is house-burning, a part 
of whom were convicted and sent to the penitentiary for a goodly 
length of years. 

Thus ended this dark conspiracy, which for a long time baffled 

Among the properties burned were those of Richard Koch, Mr. 
Edie, Dr. John Spangler, Widow Updegraff, Mr. Zinn, Rudolf 
Spengler, George Lewis Leffler and Philip Gossler. The York 
County Academy was also set on fire, but the flames were quickly 

Unpublished Rules and Instructions to the Guards in the 
Negro Conspiracy to Burn York in 1803. 

Committee. — Jacob Hay Esq. Wm. Ross Esq. Conrad Laub Esq. Martin Kreber, 

Geo. Hay, Jas. Kelly Esq. Godfrey Lenhart. Jno. Fisher, Junr. David Cassat Esq. 

Danl. Spangler, & Dr. John Morris, be and are hereby appointed & recommended 

to form rules and regulations concerning the Guards to be kept in the borough of 

York, & their necessary ordinances &c, which said Committee are requested to 

take the Premises into consideration immediately and appoint a plan of meeting — 

by order of the Burgesses PETER MUNDORFF 1 o„^„„ecf.c 


March 17th 1803. ABRAHAM GRAFIUS I '^^sisiants. 

"Rules to be Observed by the Capt. & his Guard. 
"When the Capt. & his Guard meet at the Court House at 6 o'clock in the eve- 
ning, the Capt. will divide his Guard into as many reliefs as the number of his 
Guard will allow but his relief never to consist of less than sixteen — viz. eight for 
the north side of the Town and eight for the south ; the Capt. will appoint two 
persons, one for the north side, one for the south whose duty it will be to plant his 

iGlossbrenner s Historj'. 


Centinels, give them their respective distances to walk, & when relieved he will 
commence at the East end of the town, and so go on relieving until he relieves 
the last man, who will be nearest the Bridge ; the old Guard then returning will 
act as a patrol, & search carefully the alleys & stables on their way to the Court 
House. The Capt. will, as often as he thinks proper, send out patrols independent 
of those mentioned above, every person forming the Guard must strictly obey all 
orders ; if he refuses to go on guard or Patrol, the Capt. will remark the same and 
give notice thereof to the Burgesses, who will compel the payment of ys. i6d. for 
such disobedience. The Capt. will take care in sending out the reliefs, that the 
Guards on the North and South will not be relieved at the same time. The Capt. 
will give the countersign to the Guard when they first go out, but they must not 
challenge until 9 o'clock, after which time the Guard will take up every person 
who has not the countersign unless they can give a very satisfactory account of 

'The Drum at 9 o'clock at the Court House will beat the tattoo which will be the 
signal for the citizens to retire and the Centries to challenge. 

"The above rules were adopted by the undersigned, a Committee appointed by 
the Burgesses for that and other purposes. 





NOTE 32. 

(page 156.) 

Hon. James Smith. 

ON. JAMES SMITH was about ten years old when his 
father, John Smith, came to America from Ireland. He 
studied law with his brother, George, in Lancaster, Pa. 
Not long after his admission to the bar, about 1750, he 
removed to Shippensburg, Pa., where his chief occupation was 
surveying. After a few years he removed to the town of York, 
where he made his permanent home the rest of his life, and where 
he practiced the profession of law until near the time of his death. 

In 1760 Mr. Smith married Eleanor, daughter of John Armor, 
of near New Castle, Delaware. About this time he began to have 
a very extensive practice in this and neighboring counties, and 
was for some time prior to 1769 the only lawyer in York. In 
1769, Col. Thomas Hartley was his only legal associate. 

At the commencement of the Revolution Mr. Smith was distin- 
guished as one of the warmest friends of our liberties. In 1774 
he was chosen a deputy for the county of York to attend a Provin- 
cial Meeting at Philadelphia — called to name delegates for a pro- 
posed Congress. Thus was formed, in 1775, the first Continental 
Congress, which met at Carpenter's Hall, and of which Mr. Smith 
was a member. In 1776 he served in the Continental Congress, 
at which time he signed the Declaration of Independence. He 
likewise was a member of Congress in the year 1777-8, and when 
Congress sat in York, the board of war was held in his office.' In 
the year 1775 he received a military honor, viz., the appointment 
of Colonel." 

After the cessation of his Congressional labors, he continued to 
reside in York, devoting himself with signal success to the practice 
of law. Having become burdened with the weight of years, and 

1 Note 37. - Note 34. 

Hon. JAMES SMITH, 1775. 
YORK'S Signer of the Declaration of Independence. 





having a sufficiency of this world's goods, he relinquished the 
practice of law, after fifty-one years' practice, in 1801. 

In 1805 his office, then on South George street and Mason alley, 
was destroyed by fire. The records of his family, his valuable 
manuscripts connected with the history of the times, and numerous 
letters from Benjamin Franklin, Samuel Adams and many other 
distinguished men of the Revolution, were consumed. 

Mr. Smith was remarkable for a most tenacious memory. He 
was uniformly facetious and fond of anecdote, which he always 
told with a happy effect, and an advocate of great power. He 
died July 11, 1806, and none of his descendants now survive. His 
remains lie in the First Presbyterian Church-yard, York. 

NOTE 33. 

(page 156.) 

Colonel Thomas Hartley. 

BioGRAPHicAi. Sketch. His Brilliant Services in the Rev- 
olution. His Departure for the First Congress. Pur- 
chases Horses for President Washington. Eulogy 
upon His Death. Resolutions of Congress. 
Notice of Mrs. Hartley's Death. 

His Career in the Revolution. 

COL. THOMAS HARTLEY was the son of George Hartley, 
an early settler in Pennsylvania, and a well-to-do farmer, 
and was born in Colebrookdale township, Berks connty, 
Pa., September 7, 1748. After receiving the rudiments 
of a good classical education he moved to York in 1766, and was 
admitted, July 25th, 1769, to the York Bar, of which he became 
one of the ablest and most distinguished members. He was, on 
February 10, 1790, the first Counsellor from Pennsylvania admit- 
ted to the Supreme Court of the United States. In 1774, he was 
Vice-President of the Committee of Observation for York county, 
and again in November, 1775. In 1774 he was elected a member 
of the Provincial Meeting of deputies, which was held at Phila- 
delphia on the 15th of July. In 1775 he was a member of the 
Provincial Convention held in the same city on the 23rd of Jan- 

The war of the Revolution was now approaching, and as early 
as December, 1774, a military company was formed for the pur- 
pose of making disciplined soldiers, and of which Thomas Hartley 
was ist Lieutenant. In the summer of 1775, he was elected Lieu- 
tenant Colonel of the First Battalion, York County Militia, and 


shortly after Lieutenant Colonel of the Battalion of "Minute Men" 
selected from the other five battalions. 

On January lo, 1776, he was elected by Congress, Lieutenant 
Colonel of the Sixth Pennsylvania Battalion, which in the same 
year rendered conspicuous service in the Canada campaign.^ On 
its return, the Battalion was re-organized into the Seventh Regi- 
ment, of which he was Lieutenant Colonel. 

By authority of a resolution of Congress, of December 27, 1776, 
General Washington, on January 11, 1777, issued the commission 
of Colonel to Thomas Hartley, with authority to raise a new regi- 
ment. This regiment's only designation was "Colonel Thomas 
Hartley's Regiment." It was attached to the First Pennsylvania 
Brigade, General Wayne's Division, Colonel Hartley commanding 
the Brigade in the battles of Brandywine and Germantown. 

On July 14, 1778, Colonel Hartley's Regiment was ordered to 
Sunbury to conduct the campaign against the Indians on the 
West Branch of the Susquehanna, which he conducted with signal 
ability and success. Early in January, 1779, other companies 
were incorporated with Colonel Hartley's Regiment, which was 
added to the Pennsylvania Line as the Eleventh Regiment. 

In October, 1778, Colonel Hartley was elected a member of the 
State Legislature from York county. He tendered his resignation 
as Colonel on January 13, 1779, and Congress, deeming his rea- 
sons satisfactory, accepted the same, and on the same day resolved, 
that they had "high sense of Colonel Hartley's merit and services." 

He continued in active service in the Revolution for about three 
years, was engaged in many of the most important battles, and 
served with great distinction. He enjoyed the confidence and 
esteem of General Washington and the Continental Congress, and 
reflected great honor upon his adopted town, his State and nation. 

In Vol. 10, Pennsylvania Archives, N. S., 74, 777-8, the editor 
comments as follows : 

" We refer to the records of our State and National councils for evidence of his 
(Col. Hartley's) brilliant career as a soldier, lawyer and statesman. It is proper 
to add, however, that it is from his numerous letters among Yeates' papers pub- 
lished anonymously in Forces' Archives, that full information upon the Canada 
campaign has been obtained. Our history is therefore indebted to the pen of 
Hartley, subsequently one of the foremost lawyers and ablest statesmen of Penn- 
sylvania, for nearly all that is known of the campaign of the Pennsylvania battal- 

iNote 34. 


ions in Canada ; and but for his letters to be found in Peun'a Archives, Old Series, 
very little would be known of the militarj- operations of the West Branch in 

For this brilliant and successful Indian campaign on the North- 
ern frontier counties in the vicinity of Sunbury, Col. Hartley 
received a vote of thanks from the Philadelphia Council. 

Tribute by Gex. Washington. 

In G. "W. Parke Cnstis' " Recollections and Private Memoirs of 
Wasliinq-ton," is related the followino-: 

'' During the engagement on the following da}-, (the day after the battle of Mon- 
mouth '1 while Washington was speaking to a favorite oflBcer, I think the brave and 
valued Col. Hartley-, of the Pennsylvania Line, a cannon ball struck just at his 
horse's feet, throwing the dirt in his face and over his clothes ; the General con- 
tinued giving his orders, without noticing the derangement of his toilet. The 
officers present, several of whom were of the party the preceding evening, looked 
at each other vnih. anxiety. The chief of the medical staff, pleased with the procjf 
of his prediction, and in reminiscence of what had passed the night before, poiated 
toward heaven, which was noticed by others, with a gratifying smile of acknowl- 
edgement. Of the brave and valued Col. Hartley, it is said, that the Commander- 
in-Chief sent for him in the heat of an engagement, and addressed him as follows : 
' I have sent for you Colonel, to employ you on a serious piece of ser\-ice. The 
state of our affairs renders it necessary- that a part of this army should be sacrificed 
for the welfare of the whole. You command an efficient corps (a fine regiment of 
Germans from York and Lancaster Counties). I know you well, and have there- 
fore selected you to perform this important and serious duty. \'ou will take such 
a position and defend it to the last extremity. ' The Colonel received this appoint- 
ment to a forlorn hope, -with a smile of exultation, and bowing, replied : 

" ' Your excellenc)- does me too much honor ; your orders shall be obeyed to the 
letter,' and repaired to his post. I will not be positive as to the location of this 
anecdote, having heard it from the old people of the Revolution, many j-ears ago, 
but think it occurred on the field of Monmouth, but of this I am not certain. I 
have a hundred times seen Col, Hartley received in the halls of the great Presi- 
dent, where so many Revolutionary worthies were made welcome, and to none 
wa.s the hand of honored and friendly recollections more feelingly offeretl ; on 
none did the merit-discerning eye of the chief appear to beam with more pleasure 
than on Hartley of Y'ork. "' 

Elected to Congress. 

In 17S3 Col. Hartley was a member of the Council of Censors. 
Among the important duties of the Council was that of inquiring 
whether the State Constitution had been preserved inviolate in 
every part, and whether the legislative and executive branches of 


government had performed their full duty as guardians of the 
people, or assumed to themselves, or exercised other or greater 
powers than they were entitled to by the Constitution. In 1787 
he was elected a member of the State Convention, which adopted 
the Constitution of the United States. 

In the year 1788, he was elected a member of the first Congress. 
His twelve years' service in Congress demonstrated that he was a 
logical debater and a man of weight, consideration and influence 
in that body of intellectual giants. He argued most strenuously 
for the location of the National Capitol on the west bank of the 
Susquehanna, at Wright's Ferry, as his speeches attest, and would 
have succeeded in making York the Georgetown of this Country, 
but for the log-rolling of Alexander Hamilton, whereby Northern 
votes were obtained for the removal of the Capital to the banks of 
the Potomac, in consideration of Southern votes for the assumption 
by the National government of the debts incurred by the States 
in the prosecution of the Revolutionary war. 

Col. Hartley's Departure for the First Congress. 

From the Pennsylvania Advertiser and York General Herald. 

"York, February 25th, 1789. 
"On Monday last the Hon. Thomas Hartley, Esquire, took his departure from 
this town, for the City of New York, there to take his seat in the Congress of the 
United States, which are to meet on the fourth of March next, agreeable to a reso- 
lution of the late Congress. At this important period of our country when the 
refined integrity of European policy, and the more useful consequences of the de- 
fects in our late general government have ravaged our citizens with domestic evils, 
fettered the aspiring genius of our country, and clipped the wings of our com- 
merce, I say, at this period of the general out-cry and distress, what a pleasing 
prospect have we of approaching happiness. If wise and enlightened Representa- 
tives—grave and experienced Senators — a patriotic and magnanimous Piesident 
and Vice President, to set in motion the wheels of our grand Federal Machine 
calculated to afford us safety, with what security may we view the turmoils of 
European nations — with what confidence may we look forward to the uninter- 
rupted enjoyment of every civil and religious right. Col. Hartley was accompanied 
to the river by a numerous and respectable company from Yorktown and its neigh- 
borhood, and was met there by a number of gentlemen from the very verge of the 
County and from Lancaster. An elegant dinner was provided of which about 48 
persons partook: the following toasts (prepared at the moment) were drank on 
the occasion : 

1. "His excellency General Washington President of the United States. 

2. " The Hon. John Adams, Vice-President of the United States. 


3. "The Honorable the Senate of the United States. 

4. " The Hon. the House of Representatives of the United States. 

5. "The friends of Liberty and good government throughout the world. 

6. " Gen. Mifflin and the State of Pennsylvania. 

7. "The Vice-President of the State of Pennsylvania. 

8. " The King of France and our friendly allies. 

9. "James Wilson, Esq. 

10. " Governor St. Clair and the Western Territories. 

11. "May Lancaster and York town be the permanent residence of Congress. 

12. " May the states of South Carolina and Rhode Island soon consider their true 
interests, and be united to the combined States, or sink into nought. 

"Afler which Col. Hartley, having taken leave of his friends proceeded to Lan- 
caster, and the company dispersed ; Col. Hartley, before his departure was waited 
on by the Principal, Professors and students of the Yorktown Academy with the 
following address: 

"Sir: — At a time when our countrj' is involved in the deepest distress, and the 
minds of the citizens of America are seriously agitated, as to the efficiency and 
safety of that system of government they have adopted: We, the Principal, Profes- 
sors, and pupils of the York Academy, beg leave to congratulate you on your ap- 
pointment to a seat in the Representative body of this rising empire. We rejoice 
in common with all our fellow citizens that the several departments of our new 
government, are likely to be filled by those men who have hitherto proved them- 
selves the truest friends of private and public virtue, and of the common rights of 
human kind. But at the same moment that we felicitate our country on the pos- 
session of so many worthy characters, we cannot but feel regret, even at the tem- 
porary removal from us, of a gentleman, of whose friendship we have had so many 
proofs, and to whom we owe, in a great degree our establishment and reputation. 
May that Being at whose command empires rise and fall direct your public coun- 
cils; and restore you in due time to your family, and those very many friends to 
whom, from long experience of your v-irtnes, your memory will be always dear. 

"To which he returned the following answer: 

"Gentlemen:— I received, with gratitude, your kind and aflfectionate congratu- 
lations, and I shall be peculiarly happy, if in my appointment to the Representa- 
tive branch of Congress, I can render service to my country, or be any wise instru- 
mental in averting those ills which so long have aifiicted these States. My abili- 
ties, I well know, are not of the superior kind, but it will be my duty to do what is 
right, and with the assistance of abler counsel, I trust that religion and learning, 
as well as the rights of the human kind, will be advanced and practiced under the 
new government. I shall always have a friendly regard to your institution, and 
have no doubt that it will rise to the highest eminence in the learned world, and 
if we still continue to be assisted by such able and virtuous instructors, we may 
presume that period is not very far distant. 

" I wish you every success and happiness. Farewell. I hope we shall soon meet 

His Return From the First Session of Congress. 

From Penna. Herald and York General Advertiser of Oct. 7, ijSg. 

"Yesterday afternoon arrived at his house in the borough, from New York, 
amidst the acclamations of his friends and fellow-citizens, the Hon. Thomas Hart- 








ley, Esq., Member of Congress. He was met at Wright's Ferry, by a number of 
gentlemen from this borough and County of York, and by them accompanied to 

President Washington's Commission to Buy Horse;s. 

Mr. John Ha.y 

Treasurer of York County 


York Town 


New York January The 
17TH, 1790. 

" Dear Sir : — General Washington has agreed to take two Mares which I spoke 
to Mr. Valentine Emigh for, and indeed contracted with him about for the sum of 
£52 10 o to be delivered any time before the 15th of February. 

"The General has also agreed to take the large sorrel Mare from Henry Strick- 
ler's son at Grise Creek — for thirty-seven Pounds & ten shillings the price he de- 
manded, and these Mares are to go on as Mr. Spangler shall direct and are to run 
on with Emigh and Strickler at their Expence until called for in February or 
March — by Mr. Spangler or his order — The General wishes them to go on soon. 
The General will pay the money into the hands of Col. Clem Biddle or any other 
person I may name in Philadelphia or give it to me when I return home or when I 
can safely send it — but as Emigh and Strickler might not wish to wait until my 
Return — I would desire that if they should call upon you — that you will pay them 
and take their Receipts in the Manner which I wrote to Dr. Hall — and forward 
the Receipts to me by the Post — and the sum shall thereupon be remitted by the 
General to Mr. Clem Biddle or any other Person you wish. 

"From the Friendship which I know you have for the General and me I have 
used the Freedom to trouble you and am with great Regard — 

" Your Friend & humble servant 
"Mr. John Hay. THOS. HARTLEY. 

Major General of Pennsylvania Militia. 

On April 28, 1800, he was commissioned by Gov. McKean, 
Major General of the First Division, Pennsylvania Militia, con- 
sisting of the connties of York and Adams. Chief among the 
names of the founders of the Episcopal chnrch of St. John, stands 
that of Colonel Hartley, of which he was a vestryman, delegate to 
the first General Convention of the Chnrch in America, and a man 
of unchallenged piety. 

His Declination of a Re-election. 

From the York Recorder. 

York, September 10, 1800. 
Fei,IyOW Citizens: — The want of health, and wish to retire from a sedentary 
public life, and to attend to my private concerns, which have been much impaired 


by my absence from York-Town, and imagining tliat many persons would be ready 
to succeed me as a member of Congress, I most decidedly have fixed and deter- 
mined to decline serving in the House of Representatives, after the third day of 
March next. Indeed it is well known, that I did not wish to be elected for some 
years past, if it had not been for the political state of the World, and our own 
States particularly, and frequently suffering from two great nations. I hope how- 
ever, we shall soon have peace. A great proportion of my life, has been devoted 
to the service of my country, as will appear from the following facts: — I have to 
say that I was in two Provincial Conventions, previous to the Revolution, and 
served in the Revolutionary Army more than three years, was one year in the 
Assembly of the State of Pennsylvania, in the Council of Censors one year. I was 
in the Convention which adopted the Constitution of the United States, have been 
twice elected by the citizens of Pennsylvania at General Elections, and four times 
at District elections, as a member of the House of Representatives in Congress. 
After those observations it must appear that I have devoted a very great propor- 
tion of my time to ni)' country's service; in some instances I have, perhaps, been 
useful, but I may say that I desire to advance the interests of the United States, as 
far as my powers and constitution would admit — I shall endeavor to be as servic- 
able as in my power, in the militia, which will require some attention and exer- 
cise occasionally. 

I thank the citizens of Pennsylvania at large for showing their frequent confi- 
dence in me, and particularly that part of the State, now composing York and 
Adams Counties, and wish them every happiness. 

"I am with due respect for them, 


"York, September 8th, 1800. 

"N. B. My indisposition has retarded this publication longer than I intended." 

His Lamented Death. 

The life of labor, iisefiiluess, valor and honor of the man, who 
shed greater lustre on the historic town of York than any other 
man, living or dead, was now drawing to a close. Disease was 
making its inroads, and after a tedious illness Thomas Hartley- 
died in York on the morning of December 21, 1800. His re- 
mains were interred beside those of his wife. 

From the York Recorder, December 31, 1800. 

Who dejiarted from this stage of existence at York-Town, Pennsylvania, on the 
morning of December 21st, 1800. 

aged 52 years, 

3 months and 

14 days. 

His Body was Deposited in its Parent 


In the Presence of a Grateful and Weeping Assembly. 


Rev. John Campbell's Eulogy. 

" The following tribute of respect to him being justly due and paid at his Funeral 
Rite, is offered to his obliged Country by his Pastor and Friend:" 

" If I could blow the trump of fame over you, ever so loud and long, what would 
you be the better for all this service? yet, let not your integrity, Patriotism, Forti- 
tude, Hospitality, and Patronage be forgotten. Another (who need not be named) 
hath borne away the flame of glory, splendid with thenever dying honor of rearing 
the stupendous fabric of American Freedom and Empire. Departed Friend ; you 
hear me not ; the grave is deaf and silent ; in this work of Blessings to future ages 
you bore, tho' a subordinate, yet an honorable jiart. vSoldiers of Liberty : come, 
drop a tear over your companion in arms. Lovers of Justice, come drop a tear 
over our able Advocate, and of science come drop a tear over its warmest Patron. 
Children of Misfortune, come drop a tear over your Benefactor and Protector. 
Brethren of this Earthly Lodge : rejoice, that our Brother is removed to the Tem- 
ple of the Supreme. Mini.sters of Religion : come drop a tear to the memory of a 
man, who (lamenting human frailty) was ever the Friend of Truth and Virtue. 
And thou ! mj' soul ! come not with the assembl)- of those who would draw his re- 
posed spirit from the Bosom of his ' Father who is in Heaven.' " 

Colonel Hartley's Death Announced in Congress. 

York Recorder, Thursday, Jany., 1801. 

"Congress of the United States, 
House of Representatives, 
Thursday, Jan. i, iSoi. 

"Mr. Kittera rose in his place, and stated to the House, that from various letters 
from Lancaster and York, it was ascertained that Gen. Thos. Hartley, a member o^ 
that House, from the State of Pennsylvania, was dead. That, supported by former 
precedent, and urged by personal feeling he was induced to move the House to 
take some respectful notice of this event. He stated that General Hartley com- 
manded a Regiment during the Revolutionar}' war; that he had been a member of 
the State Convention that framed the Federal Constitution, that he had also been 
a member of the Convention that framed the Constitution of Pennsylvania, and 
served in the State Legislature, and in the Council of Censors; and that he had 
been a member of that House from the commencement of the Government until 
his death, in which various situations he had discharged his duty with great firm- 
ness and integrity, and that, until impaired with infirmities, he had on all occa- 
sions, discovered a mind well stored with information, useful and ornamental. 
That he was an honest -man, and fully within Pope's description of the ' noblest 
work of God.' He observed with much feeling, that the tear of gratitude and re- 
spect, accompanied with a badge of mourning, was the least tribute which the legis- 
lature of a free people pay on such occasions. This mode of rewarding merit, not 
only comported with rules of economy, but with the principles of Republicanism. 
He therefore hoped the resolutions he was about to offer would meet with universal 
approbation. He then offered the following resolutions which were unanimously 
agreed to : 

"The House of Representatives, having received information of the death of 


Major General Thomas Hartley, one of its members, who has represented the State 
of Pennsylvania in the branch of the National Legislature, from the commence- 
ment of the government to his death, do therefore unanimously resolve, that the 
members testify their respect for the memory of the said Thomas Hartley, by 
wearing a crape on the left arm for one month. RESOLVED — That the Speaker 
address a letter to the Executive of Pennsylvania, to inform him of the death of 
Thomas Hartley, late a member of this House, in order that means may be taken 
to supply the vacancy occasioned thereby." 

Catherine Hartley. 

Early in life Colonel Hartley married Catherine, daughter of 
Bernhard and Elizabeth Holtzinger, of York. Bernhard Holtz- 
inger moved to Baltimore, Md., where he died in 1773. His wife, 
Elizabeth, died in York in 1777. Their children were: Catherine 
Hartley; Jacob Holtzinger, a member of Charles Luken's Com- 
pany in 1775, and in 1776 a Lieutenant in the Revolutionary war, 
who moved to "Baltomore Town;" and Barnet and Elizabeth 

Death of Catherine Hartley. 

From the York Recorder of October ^, 1798- 

"On Tuesday the 2nd of October inst. after a long and painful illness, Mrs. 
Catherine Hartley, the Consort of the Hon. Thomas Hartley, Esq. , Member of 
Congress. It may be truly said of her, that she was a loving wife, a tender parent, 
an indulgent mistress, a sincere friend and the benefactress to the poor. Her 
breast was a fountain of mercy, ever open to the call of distress. In this, reader, 
copy her example, and the blessing of Him who is ready to perish will light upon 
thee. Her remains will be interred this afternoon at 3 o'clock at the Episcopal 
Church of St. John's in this Borough." 

His Issue. 

The issue of Colonel and Catherine Hartley were: Charles 
William Hartley, several years Prothonotary of York county, and 
Eleanor, wife of Dr. James Hall, afterwards Lazaretto physician 
of Philadelphia. A son and daughter of Charles William Hartley, 
and Mrs. Hall were buried in St. John's Episcopal Churchyard. 
Dr. Charles H. Hall, a distinguished physician of Macon, Ga., is a 
great-grandson, and Mrs. Nathaniel J. Jackson and Mrs. Hampton 
L. Ferrell, (nieces of Dr. Hall), are great-great-granddaughters. 
Mrs. Hartley died in 1798. 


His Neglected Grave. 

Col. Hartley's grave in St. John's Churcliyard is unmarked. In 
the performance of a too long neglected and sacred duty, this 
opulent community — affluent, free, prosperous and happy by reason 
of the great services and sacrifices of our Revolutionary heroes — 
should erect a stately memorial shaft over this hallowed spot. 

A Memorial Tablet. 

The Yorktown Chapter of the Daughters of the American Rev- 
olution, in recognition of the heroic and patriotic services of this 
illustrious man, performed their duty, by placing on the interior 
walls of St. John's Episcopal Church a handsome and artistic tab- 
let. It was appropriately dedicated on the 7th of September, 
1896, and is inscribed: 


























(page 158.) 

Revolutionary Companies from York County, and 
Their Organization, 

Their Service;3 in Various Fields. Rules, Regulations 
AND Equipments of the Revolutiqcs-ary Soldiers. 

The Long Lost Cluster Rolls Never Before Published. 

First Military Organizations in the Revolution. 

IN no section of Pennsylvania was the love of liberty earlier 
displayed or more ardent than in the County of York. Its 
patriots were astir while their neighbors were comparatively 
passive. The County of York sent out more soldiers during 
the Revolution than any of her neighboring sisters, in fact more 
than any other district in the United States in proportion to 

As early as May 21, 1774, the citizens of Yorktown assembled 
to take into consideration the distressed and deplorable condition 
of the people of Boston, and the nature and tendency of the dis- 
criminating and oppressive acts of Parliament lately passed. 

One of the results, was the formation of a military company as 
early as December, 1774, for the purpose of making disciplined 
soldiers, in the event of open hostilities with Great Britain. The 
officers of this company were James Smith, Captain ; Thomas 
Hartley, ist Lieutenant; David Grier, 2nd Lieut., and Henry Mil- 
ler, Ensign — all distinguished in the Revolution. 

The first company (probably a continuation of the company of 
1774) that marched from Pennsylvania to the theatre of war at 

'Note 50. 


Boston, July 1775, was a company of riflemen from Yorktown. 
The officers were Michael Doudel, Captain; Henry Miller, ist 
Lieut. ; John Dill, 2nd Lieut. ; James Matson and John Clark, 3rd 
Lieuts. The uniforms were of brown Holland and Osnaburghs of 
the order of a hunting shirt, double caped over the shoulders in 
imitation of Indians, and on the breast in capital letters was the 
motto. Liberty or Death. This company was the first west or 
south of the Hudson to cross that river for the relief of Boston. It 
immortalized itself at the battle of Bunker Hill, and its march and 
career form one of the brightest incidents in American history. ^ 

BATTLE OF BUNKER HILL. (01(1 print.) 

The second company formed in the town of York was in Feb. 
1775, commanded by Hartman Deutsch, Captain; Mr. Grubb, ist 
Lieut.; Philip Entler, 2nd Lieut, and Luke Rause, Ensign. 

The third company was formed in Yorktown December 16, 
1775. Its officers were George Irwin, Captain; John Hay, ist 
Lieutenant; William Bailey, 2nd Lieut.; Christopher Lauman, 
Ensign. This company was commanded in 1776 by William 
Bailey, Captain; John Hay, ist Lieutenant; Christopher Lauman, 
2nd Lieutenant; in 1777 by William Bailey, Captain; Christopher 
Lauman, ist Lieutenant; William Scott, 2nd Lieutenant. Accord- 

1 Note 47. 


ing to the Moravian Church records' this company existed, May 

3i> 1775- 

Companies were already formed throughout every section of the 
county, and the fires of patriotism burnt fiercely. Mention of 
these county companies is made hereinafter. 

The fourth company was formed December 27, 1775, of which 
George Eichelberger was Captain; Michael Hahn, ist Lieut.; 
Baltzer Spengler, 2nd Lieut. In the Spring of 1776, Michael 
Hahn was Captain; Baltzer Spengler, ist Lieut; Michael Bill- 
meyer, 2nd Lieut., and George Michael Spengler, Ensign.'^ 

The fifth company of Yorktown was formed in the spring of 
1776 whereof Charles Lukens was Captain; Christian Stake, ist 
Lieut.; Cornelius Sheriff, 2nd Lieut. 

The sixth company from York was formed in May 1776, com- 
manded by Rudolf Spengler, Captain; Peter Reel, ist Lieut.; 
George Schuch, 2nd Lieut. ; Christopher Stoehr, Ensign." 

The first and second companies of 1774 and 1775 dissolved, and 
in 1776 the soldiers thereof joined and became a part of the fifth 
and six companies. The third, fourth, fifth and sixth companies 
constituted a part of the five battalions from York County that 
marched to eastern New Jersey in 1776 to form the Flying Camp.* 

The Five Battalions of 1775. 

In July, 1775, York County was divided into five districts for 
the purpose of forming associations of defense, under which the 
militia of the county was organized, and formed into five bat- 

The officers of the First Battalion were. Col. James Smith, Lieut. 
Col. Thomas Hartley ; Majors, ]\Iichael Swoope ' and Joseph Don- 

Second Battalion : Colonel Robert McPherson, Lieutenant Col- 
onel David Kennedy; Majors, Moses McLean and Hugh Dun- 

Third Battalion : Colonel Richard ^McAllister, Lieut. Col. Henry 
Slagle; Majors, John x^ndrew and Joseph Jeffries. 

Fourth Battalion : Colonel William Smith, Lieut. Col. Francis 
Holton ; Majors, John Gibson and John Finley. 

iNote48. -Ante. p. 157. spostea and ante p. 185. ■•Notes 14 and 15. * Ante p. 156. 


Fifth Battalion : Colonel William Rankin, Lieut. Col. Matthew 
Dill ; Majors, Robert Stevenson and Gerhert Graeff. 

The first three battalions were large enough for regiments, and 
none contained less than 500 men. 

One company from each of the battalions was elected in 1776 to 
form a battalion of Minute Men to be ready for any emergency. 
The officers were Colonel Richard McAllister, lyieut. Col. Thomas 
Hartley, and Major David Grier, born at Ramilton, Ireland, 1741. 
This battalion did not exist in July, 1776, as three of its companies 
before that were relegated to their original battalions, and the two 
remaining incorporated in the Sixth Pennsylvania Battalion,^ 

The York County associators were originally volunteers, but, on 
the recommendation of Congress, were organized as companies of 
militia." Considerable complaint was made because some York 
county troops were threatened with an imposition of some extra- 
territorial officers."* By an Act of Congress the Militia was placed 
on an equality with the regulars. 

York County's Contingent to the Flying Camp. 

In July, 1776, five battalions of York County Militia, having 
enlisted to serve until December i, 1776, marched to Eastern New 
Jersey, — the strongest contingent to the Flying Camp. The 
Camp, within striking distance of the enemy, was under the com- 
mand of General Hugh Mercer, the hero of Culloden and Fort 
Duquesne. The militia aided in the defense of the fort at Paulus 
Hook opposite New York, were engaged in the skirmishes at 
Amboy, and arrested the threatened invasion of New Jersey, in 
1776, by the British on Staten Island. 

Of the five battalions, two were formed for future active service, 
the remaining three, not being further needed, after an active ser- 
vice of some six weeks, returned home. The reasons for calling 
more men than were needed, were to try the patriotism of the 
people and to show the enemy the extent of the material resources 
of the Colonies. 

The first brigade of the P'lying Camp was commanded by Brig- 
adier General James Ewing, of York. 

iPostea. i^S Pa. Ar. o. S. 333. 3^ pg. Ar. O. S. 710. 


Which of the Battalion officers of 1775 held the same rank at the 
Flying Camp, in 1776, it is difficult to determine. Lieut. Col. Hartley 
and Major Grier were assigned to the Sixth Pennsylvania Battalion; 
Francis Holton became Lieut. Col. of the Fourth Battalion. Col- 
onels James Smith, Robert McPherson, Richard McAllister, David 
Kennedy, William Rankin and Henry Slagle were deputies to the 
Provincial Conference, June 18-25, 1776, and all except Colonels 
Richard McAllister and David Kennedy were members of the first 
Constitutional Convention of Pennsylvania, which began its pro- 
ceedings July 15, 1776. It appears from the records that Col. 
Michael Swoope succeeded Col. James Smith, of the First Battal- 
ion, with Joseph Donaldson as Lieut. Col., who on July 15, 1776, 
attended the Constitutional Convention, and on September 30, 
1776, was elected a member of the Council of Safety. Matthew 
Dill succeeded Col. William Rankin. The officers of the Third 
Battalion December 31, 1776, were Col. David Jameson, Lieut. 
Col. Hugh Dunwoody, Major Charles Lukens, Quartermaster 
George Eichelberger. 

The First Battalion was composed of companies from Yorktown, 
Manchester, Windsor, Codorus, York and Hellam townships; Sec- 
ond Battalion, Cumberland, Hamilton's Bann, Strabene, Menallen, 
Mount Joy, and Tyrone townships; Third Battalion, Heidelberg, 
Berwick, Paradise, Mount Pleasant, Manheim and Germany town- 
ships; Fourth Battalion, Chanceford, Shrewsbury, Fawn and 
Hopewell townships; Fifth Battalion, Dover, Newberry, Mona- 
ghan, Warrington, Huntington and Reading townships. Some of 
these townships are now in Adams county, formed out of York 
county in 1800. 

The company officers of the First Battalion were: Captains, 
William Bailey, Michael Hahn, Rudolf Spengler, Charles Lukens, 

Jacob Dritt, George Diehl, Wright, Yost Herbach and 

George Long. Of the Lieutenants were, John Hay, Christopher 
Lauman, Baltzer Spengler, Peter Schultz, Baltzer Rudisilly, 
Michael Billmeyer, Christian Stake, Cornelius Sheriff, Peter Reel 
and George Shuck. Of the Ensigns were, Michael Ettinger, 
George Michael Spengler, and Christopher Stoehr. 

Among the Majors of the other Battalions were Adam Vance, 
John Andrews and John Dritt. The company officers of these 


Battalions are only partly known. Among the Captains were 
John McDonald, Joseph Reed, Simon Vanarsdalen, William Ash- 
ton, Thomas Fisher, William Smith, Nicholas Bittinger, James 
Chamberlain, John Harbeson, Samuel Wilson, James Agnew, 
William Mitchell, Benjamin Savage, James McCandless, Thomas 
McNary, William Rowan, Lewis Williams, Michael Schmeisser, 

Orbison, James R. Reid, Hugh Campbell, W. McCoskey, 

Samuel Nelson, Daniel May, John Paxton, Robert McConaughty, 
Daniel Eyster, Simon Koppenhafer, George Long and Jacob Blester. 
Among the Lieutenants were, Samuel Farra, William Rowen, 
Wm. Lowther, Robert McElhinney, Joseph Elliott, Henry Shaffer, 
Wm. Young, Joseph Morrison; Ensign Lawrence Oats. Ensign 
Conrad Gentzler was killed near Perth Amboy in 1776. Many 
held a like rank in the two newly organized battalions from the 
five. Some of the subordinate officers were also probably the same 
in 1776 as in 1777.^ Out of the five York county battalions at the 
Flying Camp, two were formed, as stated, for active service against 
the enemy. 

The First Battalion, 1776. 

The first battalion was commanded by Col. Michael Swoope, 
Lieut. Col. Robert Stevenson, Major William Bailey. The other 
officers were: 

ist Company: Capt. Michael Schmeisser, ist Lieut. Zachariah 
Shugart, 2nd Lieut. Andrew Robinson, Ensign Wm. Wayne. 

2nd Company: Capt. Gerhart Graeff, Lieut. Christian Kauffinan. 

3rd Company: Capt. Jacob Dritt, ist Lieut. Baymiller, 2nd 

Lieut. Clayton, Ensign Jacob Mayer. 

4th Company: Capt. Christian Stake, ist Lieut. Cornelius 
Sheriff, 2nd Lieut. Jacob Holtzinger, Ensign Jacob Barnitz. This 
was formerly Capt. Clias. Lukens, "Fifth company." 

5th Company: Captain John McDonald, ist Lieut. Wm. Scott, 
2nd Lieut. Robert Patton, Ensign Howe. 

6th Company: Capt, John Ewing, Ensign John Paysley. 

7th Company: Capt. John Nelson, ist Lieut. Todd, 2nd 

Lieut. Joseph Welsh, Ensign Alexander Nesbit. 

8th Company: Capt. Joshua Williams. 

I14 Pa. Ar. N. S. 481. 


Commissioned and staff officers at Fort Constitution, Oct. 8, 
1776, 37; non-commissioned officers, 12; rank and file, 359. 

The Second Battalion, 1776. 

Colonel Richard McAllister, Lieut. Col. David Kennedy, Major 
John Clark. ^ 

The Captains were, Nicholas Bittenger, McCarter, W. 

McCoskey, John Laird, Samuel Wilson, and John Paxton. 

At Perth Amboy, Oct. 8, 1776, Commissioned officers and staff, 
41; non-commissioned officers, 43; rank and file, 438. At Tren- 
ton, December i, 1776, Gen. James Ewing, Brigade Commander, 
there were 19 commissioned officers, 18 non-commissioned officers, 
and 138 rank and file in this battalion. To this battalion were 
added two companies from Bucks county. 

These battalions were engaged in the expedition to Staten Island, 
Oct. 15, 1776, in which the advance was commanded by Major 
John Clark;- they fought bravely at the battle of Long Island,^ 
suffered severely and many were taken prisoners. But eighteen of 
Capt. Graeff's company, of Col. Swoope's battalion, returned to join 
their surviving comrades. At the battle and surrender of Fort 
Washington, Colonel Swoope's Sixth Pennsylvania Battalion was 
taken prisoners."* Captain Graeff died in captivity. 

The Sixth Pennsylvania Battalion. 

In January and February, of 1776, under a resolution of Con- 
gress of January 4, a battalion was raised composed of six com- 
panies from Cumberland county and two from York county.'' 

The battalion officers were, Col. Wm. Irvine, Lieut. Col. Thomas 
Hartley and ^Majors, James Dunlap and David Grier, the latter 
promoted from Captain. The officers of the two York county 
companies were : Capt. David Grier, afterwards Wm. Alexander, 
1st Lieut. John McDowell, 2nd Lieut. Abdiel IMcAlister, Ensigns, 
Wm. Nichols and John Hughes. Captain Moses McLean, ist 
Lieuts. Barnet Eichelberger and John Edie, 2nd Lieut. John 
Hoge, Ensign, Robert Hopes. 

This battalion greatly distinguished itself in the unfortunate 

1 Note 36. - Note 36. ^Notei2. ■* Ante page 114. ^ 10 Pa. Ar. N. S. l6i. 


Canadian campaign of 1776. " For nearly all that is known of 
the Pennsylvania battalions in that campaign history is indebted 
to the pen of Lieut. Col. Thomas Hartley." ^ " Not a man of Mc- 
Lean's company behaved ill, Grier's company behaved well." ^ 
Col. Anthony Wayne, in a letter of 13 of June, 1776, wrote to Ben- 
jamin Franklin : 

"While Col. Allen and myself were employed in Rallying the troops, Lieut. 
Col. Hartley had advanced with the Reserves and bravely Attacked the Enemy 
from a thicket in the swamp to the left ; this hardiness of his was of the utmost 
consequence to us." 

Seventh Pennsylvania Regiment. 

The Seventh Pennsylvania regiment was organized by the re-en- 
listment of the Sixth Battalion. Lieut. Col. Hartley, of this regi- 
ment, was appointed by Gen. Washington, in January, 1777, to 
command one of the additional regiments, known as " Col. 
Thomas Hartley's Regiment." By an arrangement of March 12, 
1777, Major David Grier became Lieut Col. of the Seventh, and 
had charge of the regiment until Col. Irvine was exchanged, hav- 
ing been taken prisoner in Canada. This regiment was engaged 
in the actions of Brandywine, Paoli and Germantown, and many 
subsequent battles. At Paoli the battalion lost sixty-one non- 
commissioned officers and privates, killed and wounded ; among 
the latter, who was also wounded at Brandywine, was Col. Grier. 
He retired from the service January i, 1781,'^ and died in York 
June 3, 1790, aged 48 years. 

After the Revolt of the Pennsylvania Line in 1781, the remains 
of the Seventh were drafted into the Fourth, subsequently the 
Fourth into the Third, and finally in 1783 into the First. 

Col. Miles' Regiment of Riflemen. 

Early in March, 1776, a rifle company was formed in York 
which enlisted for fifteen months, and marched to Philadelphia, 
where it was attached to Col. Samuel Miles' regiment of riflemen, 
1,000 strong. It was commanded by Capt. Philip Albright, ist Lieut. 
John Johnson, succeeded December 21, 1776, by Cornelius Sheriff; 

1 10 Pa. Ar. N. S. 74. '-' 10 Pa. Ar. N. S. 72. ^ 10 Pa. Ar. N. S. 596. 


2nd Tyient. Wm. McPherson, captured August 27, 1776; the 3rd 
Lieut. Jacob Stake, subsequently promoted Captain lotli Pa. Line, 
and on its reorganization to the ist of the Line. At the battle 
of Long Island, August 27, 1776, the regiment fought bravely, 
but was overcome by superior force, and 159 men, including the 
Colonel, were compelled to surrender.' Col. Miles was ex- 
changed April 20, 1778. Among Captain Albright's losses were 
two men who were badly wounded, and afterward bayonetted and 
murdered." At this battle the regiment was brigaded with Glover's 
and Smallwood's regiments, under the command of Brig. Gen. Lord 
Stirling. For the conspicuous part taken by these three battalions 
in this action, reference is also made to Col. Miles' and Atlee's 

After this battle a musketry battalion was consolidated with the 
regiment, and thus consolidated, as "The Pennsylvania State 
Regiment of Foot," followed the fortunes of the Continental 
Army. It was engaged in the capture of the Hessians at Tren- 
ton, 26 December, 1776; in the battle of Princeton January 3, 
1777, and lay part of the winter at Philadelphia. A return 
made October 4, 1776, shows present : "Three sergeants, one drum, 
forty-six privates." Captain Philip Albright resigned January 23, 
1777, but re-entered the service as Lieut. Col. in 1778.^ 

First Pennsylvania Regiment of the Line. 

Captain Henry Miller's company of riflemen was attached, in 
1776, to the First regiment of the Pennsylvania Line, com.manded 
by Col. Wm. Thompson, and by Col. Edward Hand, from March 7, 
1776. On March 12, 1777, Capt. Miller was promoted by Congress 
to the office of Major of the regiment, to rank from September 28, 

1776. In July, 1778, he was promoted Lieut. Col. and transferred 
to the Second regiment of Pennsylvania, ranking from March i, 

1777. He was engaged, and took a gallant and active part in the 
battles of Long Island,^ York Island, White Plains, Trenton, Head 
of Elk, Brandywine, Germantown and Monmouth, and other but 

' Note 12. - 10 Pa. Ar. N. S. 195. 

•*i Pa, Ar. N. S. 511, 517; 5 Pa. Ar. O. S. 21; 10 Pa. Ar. N. S. 193. 

■• Note 49, 14 Pa. Ar., N. S., 492. ' Note 12. 


less important engagements. The career of this gallant officer 
will be found in his biographical sketch.^ 

The other officers of Captain Henry Miller's company were: 
James Matson, ist Lieut, (prisoner of war, November, 1777; pro- 
moted Captain, November 2, 1777); John Clark, 2nd Lieut., pro- 
moted to Captain, July 28, 1777, subsequently to Major, in Col. 
Richard McAllister's new Second Battalion, and was appointed an 
Aid on the Staff of Gen. Nathaniel Greene. Major Clark^ was 
held in the highest regard by Gen. Washington with whom he 
was in correspondence. 

Col. Hartley's New Regiment. 

As stated, Lieut. Col. Thomas Hartley was taken from the Sev- 
enth regiment, (reorganized Sixth). On the nth of January, 1777, 
Gen. Washington directed him and Major John Patton of Col. 
Miles' regiment, to raise two of the sixteen additional regiments 
previously authorized by Congress. In this new regiment 
of Col. Hartley were the York County companies of Captains 
Archibald McAllister, Barnet Eichelberger, John McClellan, Lewis 
Bush, promoted to Major, and mortally wounded at Brandywine, 
and Robert Hopes, killed at Brandywine. 

Lieutenants : Isaac Sweeney, promoted Captain of the New Elev- 
enth of the Line; James Dill, killed at Brandywine, Sept. 19, 1777; 
Martin Eichelberger, William McCurdy, John Stake, Paul Parker 
and William Clemm. John McAlister, Quartermaster; Jacob 
Swoope, Surgeon. It was known as "Col. Thomas Hartley's Reg- 
iment." ^ 

At Brandywine and Germantown Col. Hartley commanded the 
First Penna. Brigade, (to which his regiment was attached,) Gen. 
Wayne's Division. In these battles this regiment did heavy fight- 
ing from its loss of officers and men. In July, 1778, the regiment 
was sent to the West Branch of the Susquehanna where it ren- 
dered invaluable service. ^ 

On the i6th of December, 1778, Col. Hartley's regiment and 
four other independent companies of the State and the remains of 
Col. Patton's regiment, except Capt. McLane's company, were in- 
corporated into one regiment to be added to the Pennsylvania 

1 Note 35. 2 Note 36. ^Note 33. ■'Note 33. 


Line, as the New Eleventh, and to which Col. Hartley was trans- 
ferred Janitar}^ 13, 1779. He resigned February 13, 1779. 

Assignment of York County Companies in the Pennsyl- 
vania Line. 


The York County companies at White Plains, in 1778, were 
those of Capt. John McClellan of the First, Thomas Campbell of 
the P'ourth and Wm. Alexander and Robert INIcPherson of the 
Seventh regiments. Capt. Joshua Williams' company was also 
attached to the Fourth with Alexander Ramsey as ist Lieut. The 
York County companies in the reorganized Line of 1781, were 
those of Capts. John McClellan, John Clark and Jacob Stake 
(transferred from the Tenth) of the First, Joseph McClellan of the 


Second, (both wounded near Yorktown, Va.), Thomas Campbell of 
the Fourth, John Finley of the Eighth and Robert Patten of the 
Tenth regiment. Joseph McClellan resigned June lo, 1781, and 
John McClellan retired January ist, 1783. 

These companies were nearly all under the command of Gen. 
Anthony Wayne, and marched to the South to reinforce the Army 
of Gen. Greene. Gen. Wayne's brigade took a conspicuous part 
in the battles in South and North Carolina, participated in the 
siege of Yorktown, and witnessed the surrender of Lord Cornwal- 
lis. The news of the capitulation was received with unbounded 
joy all through the country. In York there was great rejoicing, 
business was suspended, bells rung and a great bonfire built. 

The company of James R. Reid, of the Fourth Battalion, was 
attached to Col. Moses Hazen's regiment of the Line, " Congress' 
Own," of which he was Major from Sept. i, 1777. The Armand 
and Pulaski Legions of Cavalry were to a considerable extent re- 
cruited in York county. Gottlieb Morris was Surgeon of the 
Arrfiand Legion. Many York county soldiers were in the Artil- 
lery service and in other commands. 

The Revolt of the Pennsylvania Line in York, 1781. 

In February, 1781, a detachment of the Pennsylvania Line was 
rendezvoused at York under Gen. Wayne, which was to reinforce 
Gen. Greene of the Southern army. A revolt took place, the town 
was threatened with destruction, the citizens met to take defense, 
and the local militia was menaced. The mutineers were court- 
martialed and a number shot.' 

York County's Troops in Various Fields. 

Among the other York county troops who participated in the 
struggle for Independence, were battalions of militia, who, in July, 
1777, in obedience to call," rendezvoused in Chester county, and 
were under the command of Gen. John Armstrong. They were at 
Wilmington, Delaware, September 3, 1777,'^ and were engaged in 
battles of Brandywine and Germantown. Other York county 
militia were encamped at Doylestown the winter succeeding these 

iNotesgJ^. 2^01649. s j^ Pa. Ar. N. S. 480. 


battles.' Many participated in the sncceding campaign.^ Some 
were detailed to guard the British and Hessian prisoners confined 
in large numbers in and around York.' Other York troops 
marched to the northern and western frontier counties of the State 
to protect the inhabitants from the Indians and their allies, the 
Tories, Canadians and English.^ 

The Penn. Archives N. S. Vol. 15, page 476, give the lists of 
the coimnissioned officers only of the eight battalions of York county 
militia for 1775-6-7-8-9, and for the first two years only in part. 
This militia maintained is official organization, ready for active 
service during the entire period of the Revolution and alter, and 
had its regular recurring muster days.^ 

The Rosters in the Pennsylvania Archives, 

Imperfect lists of the York county troops that entered the Revo- 
lutionary service appear in the Pennsylvania Archives New Series, 
and, as stated, include the names of the commissioned officers of 
the eight battalions of the militia, in part, and the file of two 
militia companies only.'' 

These Archives were gotten up (the New Series by Dr. Henry 
Egle, State Librarian, and John B. Linn), by order of the State 
authorities, and consist of 48 volumes, inclusive of the sixteen vol- 
umes of Colonial Records. They contain, among other oflficial 
matter relating to the history of the commonwealth, a great deal 
of valuable information in regard to the Revolutionary War. 
Probably the part most referred to, is that containing partial ros- 
ters of the various Pennsylvania regiments, Line and Militia, 
which have been of immense value to many of those desiring to 
join the Sons of the Revolution and kindred societies. But the 
Archives do not contain any of the subjoined Revolutionary lists. 

The Long-Lost Revolutionary Muster Rolls. 

The subjoined muster rolls of thirty-five of the York county 

1 6 Pa. Ar. O. S. i68, 169, 379, 426; 15 Pa. Ar. N. S. 657. 

29 Pa. Ar. O. S. 59, 346, 455; 10 Pa. Ar. O. S. 133. 

3 Note 46; 9 Pa. Ar. O. S. 232-4-6, 319, 341-5, 350, 426; 16 Pa. Ar. N. S. 659. 

* Notes 33, 41 and 49; 6 Pa. Ar. O. S. 497, 773; 7 Pa. Ar. O. S. 623; 8 Pa. Ar. O. S. 524; 15 Pa. Ar. N. 
S. 657. 

6 Note 59>^; 13 Col. Rec. 695. 

* 14 Pa. Ar. N. S. 476, 529, 772. 


Militia companies in the Revolution, were discovered, by the 
writer, after having been lost or mislaid for over a century, and 
have never been published. The names of those on the lists of 
the second and third battalions, who apparently did not serve on 
all occasions, from March, 1777, to March, 1780, but were fined 
as "delinquents for non-performance of Militia duty ande exrcise," 
will be found in note 54. 

It may be remarked, en passant^ that the descendants of the 
three millions of people who fought the Revolutionary war to a 
triumphant issue, number now (1896) about fourteen millions of the 
seventy millions of our present population, and yet the descend- 
ants of these three millions are foremost in every position which 
illustrates the dignity, power, and development of the STATES. 

Rules, Regulations and Equipments of Revolutionary 

MiLiTii^, 1775. 

In the Rules and Regulations issued in Philadelphia in 1775, 
(an original copy of which is in the writer's possession,) " for the 
better Government of the Military Association in Pennsylvania," 
it was provided {inter alia) that all officers chosen or appointed in 
battalions formed before October, 1775, in the City of Philadel- 
phia, were to take rank or precedence of all other officers of equal 
dignity, chosen or appointed in any other part of the Province. 
Like precedence was given to the officers of the counties according 
to the seniority of such counties. The battalions were to consist 
of at least six Companies, of not less than 40 and not more than 76 
privates each, and to have officers. Colonel, Lieutenant Colonel, 
two Majors, a Standard Bearer, Adjutant, Sergeant Major, drum 
and fife Major; and the officers of each Company to consist of a 
Captain, two Lieutenants, one or two ensigns, four Sergeants, four 
Corporals and drummer and fifer; Companies of Riflemen were 
to consist of not less than 49 nor more than 56 privates. 

Every private of a rifle company was required to furnish himself 
with a good rifle gun, a powder horn, a charger, a bullet screw, 
twelve flints, a strong pouch or bag that will hold four pounds of 
ball, and such other accoutrements as may be proper for a rifleman. 

Every associator (except riflemen) was required to furnish him- 


self with a good and sufficient firelock, a bayonet, a steel ramrod, 
worm, priming wire and brush, a cartridge box that will contain 
23 rounds of cartridges, tweh-e flints, a knapsack, a sufficient pow- 
der horn, and a pouch that will hold four pounds of ball. 

No Company or battalion was to meet at a tavern on any of the 
days of exercise ; nor to march to any tavern before they were 

The following pay was prescribed for every day of service when 
attending their respective battalions or companies : An Adjutant 
7 shillings and six pence, a drummer 3 shillings, a fifer 3 shillings, 
a drum Major and fife Major of every battalion not exceeding 15 
shillings per week. 

If any associators left a family not of ability to maintain them- 
selves, his district was required to make provision for such main- 

All Non-Associators, capable of bearing arms, between the ages 
of 15 and 50 years, were assessed Two Pounds Ten Shillings each. 

Unpublished Muster Rolls of Thirty-Five York County 
Companies in the Revolutionary War. 

"We do admit George Eichelberger, Michael Hahn, Baltzer Spangler, Rud)' 
Spangler, and Geo. Stake to raise a Company of Militia in York Town, as soon as 
thirty have signed to chuse officers of the Company, the said Company to be a 
Part of the first Battalion, and we direct the said Company to be raised — provided 
that they take no Person in that Company who may have signed the last associa- 
tion in Captain Lukens or Captain Irwins Companies — as witness our Hands this 
27th Day of December 1775. 

IAS. SMITH Col. Batt. MICH'L SWOOPE \ M^inrc " 


"We the Subscribers do hereby associate as a Company in the first Battalion of 
York County Militia as soon as thirty have signed, a Captain two Lieutenants and 
two Ensigns to be chosen — and we do hereby promise and engage to comply with 
and adhere to the Regulations Articles and Resolutions of the Assembly of this 
Province entered into for the Government of the Associators of Pennsylvania, 
which said Regulations are to be annexed to the Association and to be binding. 
As witness our Hands this 27th Day of December 1775." 

Capt. George Eichelberger. Martin Brenneiser. 

1st. Lt. Michael Hahn. George Graff. 

2nd. Lt. Baltzer Spengler. .Johannes Welsh, ab. 

Jacob Eichinger, ab. .Johannes I^ick, ab. 

George Z^Ioul. .James Jones. .James Werley, ab. 

Sa.nuel Nelson. Nicholas Upp. Caspar ]\ruller, ab. 

LudAvig Hetrick. Jacob Schram, ab. Jacob Schenck. 

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Jacob Eudisill, Jr., ab. 
Jacob Miller, ab. 
Jacob Fiinck. 
George Spangler. 
Johannes Flender. 
James Clerck, ab. 
Henrich Ranch, ab. 
James McCullagh. 
Georg Fritzlen, ab. 
Frederick Youce. 
Anthony Eitz. 
Nicolaus Bernhard. 

Jacob Durang, ab. 
Johannes Wolff, ab. 
George Geesey, ab. 
Lorentz Schmahl, ab. 
Jacob Schneider, ab. 
Finken Tmfelt. 
Lutwig Weisang. 
Jacob Neuman. 
Michal Graybill. 
Jacob Schreiber, ab. 
Johannes Kunckel, ab. 
George Fiarar, ab. 

Henry Zimmerman. 
Jos. Boude. 
John Maguire, ab. 
Michael Kopenhover. 
Michal Welder. 
Michal Euger. 
Michael Welsh. 

Eiidol])h Spenylc. 
John Fisher. 
Stophel Shelley. 
George Myer. 

On the adjoining page of the above document are the additional 
names : Frederick Aderholdt, John Rose, John Water and Chris- 
tian Slagle. 

The Sergeants were: Boude, Youce, Moul and Hedick; Corpo- 
rals, Ritz, Funck, Neuman and Brenneiser.' 

In the following year, 1776, the said Baltzer Spengler (Jr.) was 
elected ist Lieut, of the fourth Company, George Michael Speng- 
ler, Ensign ; Christian Stake ist Lieut, of the fifth Company, and 
Rudolf Spengler, brother of Baltzer Jr., Captain of the sixth 
Company. These Companies constituted a portion of the five bat- 
talions that marched to New Jersey in 1776 to form the "Flying 

Captain Rudolf Spengler's Company, r776. 

"A List of Part of the Inhabitants of York Town, Associators under Captain 
Rudolf Spengler. 

]st Lt. Peter Reel. 
2nd. Lt. George wShneh. 
Ensign Christopher Stayer 
Serjeant. John Fishel. 
Clerk, Geo. Lewis Lefler. 
Jacob Schuch. 
John Connselnian. 
Henry Welsh. 
Henry Bentz, son of 

Peter Schwartz. 
Philip Gossler. 
Frederick Dambach. 
Henry Brobeck. 
George Beyer. 
Henry Wolf, Jn'r. 
Francis Thomas. 
Johannes Dal 1 man. 
George Craft. 
Jo's Weissang. 
Christian Sinn. 
John Shall. 

Jacob Schneerer. 

Dan'l Spengler. 

Abraham Sittler. 

Peter King. 

Geo. Nebbinger. 

Herman Cookes. 

Jacob Wolf. 

Jos. Eothrock. 

Jno. Better. 

Philip Entler. 

Henry Wolf, son of 

Conrad Holtzbaum. 
George Wolf. 
Fred'k Bickel. 
Christian Ilgenfritz. 

Fred'k Bringman. 
John Smith. 
Hartman Deitsh. 
Valentine Brenneisy. 
Simon Snyder. 
Martin Crever. 
Daniel Barnitz. 
Nicholas Brand. 
Weyrick Bentz. 
John Immel. 
Andrew Hertzog. 
INfathias Zimmer. 
Geo. Carman. 
Conrad Leatherman. 
Henry Bentz, son of 

James Wallace. 
Luke Rous. 
George Snyder. 
John Beltzner. 

'Ante p. 156. 

'Ante p. 295. 

Captais Yost Herbach's Company, 1776. 

Captain Yost Herbach. 

1st Lt. Peter Schultz. 

2nd. Lt. Baltzer Eudisily 

Ensig-n, ]\lichael Ettinger. 

George Welsch. 

John Miller. 

Henry Beyer. 

Michael Melhorn. 

Georg-e Ring-er. 

Christian Lieb. 

Christian Bixler. 

Joseph Bixler. 

John Bixler. 

Ezra Lichtenberg-er. 

Caspar Knaub, jr. 

Jacob Weber. 

.Jacob Ziegler. 

George Miller. 

Dewalt Gros. 

Samuel Gross. 

Frederick Kling-nian. 

Jacob KlingTnan. 

Philip Jacob Koenig. 

Conrad Schneider. 

V.'ilcntine Kohler. 

Joseph Kohler. 

Adam Wilt. 

Georg-e Lichtenberg-er. 

William Becker. 
Adain Lichtenberg-er. 
Philip Sch%seitzer. 
Killian Lichtenberger. 
Jacob Bohn. 
Paul Storm. 
Jacob Knab. 
Daniel Andony. 
^riehael Loebenstein. 
Christian Heit. 
George Klingman. 
Ycst Wahl. 
Frederick Selcker. 
Geo. Loebenstein. 
Samuel Miller. 
William Keys. 
Peter Elenberger. 
(<eo. Philip ^iohr. 
Jacob Bixler. 
Christian Bixler. 
Nicholas Bohn. 
.Jacob Bohn. .Jr. 
.Jacob Schneider. .Jr. 

Valentine Kolilnuiii. 
Stophel Grinwalt. 
Nicholas Andonj-. 
Michael Etinger. 
Adam Schenck. 
Andy Roth. 
.John iioth, Jr. 
•John Heit. 
^lichael Ginder. 
Henrj- Roth. 
Andreas Klein. 
John Seder. 
Michael Ringer. 
Stephen Beyer. 
.Tacob Beyer. 
George Heckler. 
Peter Sheaffer. 
Adam ^Miller. 
John Beyer. 
William Bear. 
William Rennel. 
Jacob Schmitt. 
Conrad Becker. 
Henry Becker, Jr. 
John Beyerley. 
Conrad Ginder. 
.John Revf. 

In 1777-8 Captain Herbach's Company was the Seventh of the 
Second Battalion. The above original muster-roll (in German) of 

the Company of Captain Herbach' is in the writer's possession. 
It is not dated, and whether it is the roster of his company 
when in Col. Swoope's First Battalion at the " Flying Camp " in 
1776, is not known.- As the returns of the companies in 1778 
were in English and in the same handwriting, the presumption is 
a strong one that the foregoing is the muster roll of the company 
in 1776. 

Captain Michael Ege's Company, 1776. 

" List of Associators in Captain Micb'l Ege Comp'y 

Captain, Michael Ege. 
1st. Lt. .Joseph Spangler. 
2nd. Lt. James Ligget. 
Ensign.Reuben Fedro. 
2nd. Sergt. Joseph Keeppers. 
1st. Corporal, Adam Dantingler. 
2nd. Corporal, Thomas^Yhite. 

1 Note 8. 

2 Xote 15. 

Wm. Smith. 
And'w Sto%-er. 
Edward Woods. 
Thorn's Eisenal. 
St-ophel Weimiller. 
George White. 
John Davis. 


Tobias Heine. 
John Alsop. 
George Batchler. 
John Rose. 
John Steiner. 
Peter Steiner. 
Frederick Scepter. 
Jacob Lishy. 
Michael Fissel. 

Henry Fissel. 
Henry Krone. 
George Conrad. 
Thomas Pussel. 
George Dashner. 
Thorn's Parker. 
Stophel Zimmerman. 

Caspar Stoner. 
James Porter. 
Edward Barton. 
Win. Chapman. 
Joseph Weston. 
Frederick Hovias. 
Michael Uhl. 
Amos Powel. 

Captain Charles Lukens' Company, 1776. 

"A List of the ofl&cers and privates, Associators belonging to Capt. Charles Luk- 
ens' Company in York Town belonging to the first Battalion of the York County 
Militia, commanded by Col. James Smith, E.squire. 

Captain, Charles Lukens. 
1st. Lt. Christian Stake. 
2nd. Lt. Ephraim Sherriif. 
Jacob Holtzinger. 
Thomas Pri«ir. 
Robert Patton. 
Isaac Davis. 
James Robb. 
Wm. Skinner. 
Henry Meyers. 
John Blackburn. 
Robert Bailey. 
George Test. 
John Brown. 
Anth'jr Dougherty. 
Martin Eichelberger,Jr. 

Martin Carman. 
Charles Barnetz. 
Jacob Barnetz. 
Jacob Obb. 
John Shultz, Jun. 
Peter Haack. 
Robert Paisley. 
Joseph Adlum. 
John Adlum, Jun'r. 
Thomas Irons. 
Frederick Huber. 
.Andrew Grobb. 

Peter Boos. 
Wnik McMunn, 
Wm. Vaiues. 
John Forsyth. 
James Gorman. 
Godfrey Lonberger. 
(Jeorge Graham. 
Wm. Xitterfeld. 
John Shall. 
David Condler. 
John Smith. 
.John Willis. 
Frederick Houseman. 
Thomas Hancock. 
David Parker. 

"A true Copy of the List of Capt. Charles Lukens' Comp'y York Town as ret'd 
to Ja's Smith Col. of the ist Batt. York, &c." 

Captain William Bailey's Company. 

"The Rieturn of Cap'n Baily Comb'y in York Town. 

"York, June 14th, 1776. 

Lieu't, John Hay. 
Wilm. Bailey. 
John Hay. 
Christour Lauraan. 
Diter Furth. 
Paul Matzger. 
Henry Walter. 
Adam Grener. 
Jacob Welshans. 
Frederick Laumaster. 
Christian Strahman. 
Abraham Graufus. 
John Brown. 
Christian Beiding. 
William Lange. 
John Schultz. 
David Kufl, 

Wilm. Stoot. 
Nathaniel Leightner. 
Jacob Grever. 
Adam Wr.lf. 
Frances Jones. 
Abraham Daner. 
Daniel Keiser. 
•Jacob Lether. 
Jacob Crist. 
.\ ndre w Non ncmacher. 
John Neit. 
Andrew Rabiuson. 
Josef Welschans. 
John Struhman. 
George Wilt. 
John Schall. 
Martin Schreder. 

George Stoll. 
Jacob Daudel. 
Thome s Hick son. 
Jacob Vallydein. 
Jacob Barnhart. 
Peter Hamer. 
Josef Klepfer. 
George Bek. 
George Haide. 
Philip Gros. 
John Maier. 
Peter Hok. 
Philip Heckert. 
James Dabins. 
John Claydt. 
Henry Schultz. 
Jams MacCamend. 


John Dicks. 
George Giilhiahr. 
Andenei" Schetle. 
Peter Streber. 
John Probst. 
Christian Caulfmau. 
John Fitz. 
AVilliam Thamsc'n. 
Abraham Kiieisle. 
Philip Waldisniaien. 
Henry Conseliaau. 
Philip Grener. 
William Clem. 
Jacob Endler. 
John Schultz. 

BalPer Kiiibel. 

Thames iJein. 

David Welschans. 

Christian Greithler. 

Seth Goodwein. 

XathaTiiel Leig-htm;r,Jr, 

George Frey. 

Jacob Baub. 

Gottlib Sies'el. 

Hugh Dabins. 

Frederick Siegel. 

Jacob Schefer. 

Jacob Hanse. 

Arthur ]\[cCann. 

Henry Kiefer. 

.Meikel Edwards. 

Jacob Gron. 

Diter Conn. 

Jacob Daiwele. 

George Brionn. 

Wilial Brown. 

-Mathias Crauth. 

Andony Geyer. 

Jacob Spreuckel. 

John Grever. 

Archibel :M. Williams, 

John Welsch. 

George Koch. 

Peter Schlemer 

v^ieorge Ervin. 

Captain George Hoover's Company, 1776. 

"The List of Captain Hoover's Company in Codorus Township. 

Captain,George Hoover. 
Lt. Jacob Hederick. 
Lt. John Sharrer. 
Ensign, Frederick .Xfej'er. 
Serj. wSamuel Glassick. 
Serj. Laurence Ehorbach. 
Serj. Theobald Snider. 
Serj. Michael Behler. 
Corp. John Adarmel. 
Corp. George Kaltrider. 
Corp. IVIichael Lorick. 
Jacob Behler. 
Christian Ehorbach, Jr 
Jacob Bear, Junior. 
Samiiel Lorick. 
Jacob Ziegler, Junior 
Isaac Varniim. 
Martin Snyder. 
Eichard Willart. 
Abraham Eberhard. 
Frederick Eoadarmel. 
George Smith. 
Frederick Frasher. 
Jacob Eoadarmel. 
Adam Foltz. 
Peter Gerberick. 
Theobald Kaltrider. 
George Bortner. 
l^icholas Dehoff. 
Henry !Meriche. 
Henry Ehorbach. 
George DehofF. 
Michael Zig-Ier. 

Thomas King. 
Abiaham Keller. 
Martin Sheyerer. 
John Gantz. 
Mathias Smith. 
John Werner. 
John Ott. 
Nicholas Eybold. 
Peter Krebs. 
William Branneman. 
Peter Castcllo. 
Peter Ifcnning. 
Daniel Jones. 
Jacob Zigler, Senior. 
William Euhl. 
Leonard Girkenhj'ser. 
Peter Diskin. 
Ulrick Folleweider. 
Jacob Greist. 
Ulrick Hoover. 
Jacob Followeider. 
Jacob Eppeis. 

Jacob Sharrer. 
lienry Newcomer. 
Daniel Bear. 
Frederick Fisher. 
Ulrich Kneyer. 
:Mathias Eybold. 
William Becker. 
Helffery Crammer. 
Nicolous Weyant. 
Zaeharias Shug. 
Leonard Kneyer. 
Samuel Branuemaai. 
John Brodbeck. 
Michael Heuuiug. 
George Eybold. 
Adam Eeybold. 
John Bower. 
Henry Eoberts. 
Conrad Ludwig. 
John Hoover. 
Benjamin Brenneman. 
Michael Sheyerer. 
.Tolni Followeider. 
Henrv Skiles. 
John" Euhl. 
Jacob Houser. 
Windel Eberhard. 
Jacob Bear, Senior. 
Clement/ Euhl. 
'George Ham^baclicr. 
Goorge Krebs. 
Christophel Snyder. 
Gcorse Hoover, Cab." 

Captain Gideon Bausley's Company, 1776. 

" a List of the Associators (in the Lower End of Shrewsbury Township in Y'ork 
County) Belonging to Captain Gideon Bausley's Company viz : 


Capt., Gideon Bausley. 
1st. Lt. John I'atrick. 
2nd. Lt., Peter Smitli. 
Elisign,Conrad Taylor. 
1st. Serg., John McDonald 
2nd. Serg., David Jones. 
3rd. Serg., John Freeland 
4th Serg., John Cleek. 
Corp'l, Anthony Miiler. 
Michael Howman. 
Thomas Sparks. 
Nathan Jones. 
Aquilla Willey. 
•Toshua Pearse. 
^ohn Millar. 
Spphol Hievely. 

Aleander Osborn. 
Postle Sheeling. 
Stophel Wisehart. 
George Sword. 
John Taylor. 
Frederick Shinliver. 
Adam Hendricks. 
George Waltimycr. 

Thomas Hunt. 
Thomas Foster. 
Jacob Allt. 
Jacob Hedrick. 
James Douglas. 
Michael Jordan. 
Nicholas Rodgers. 
James Marshall. 
Stophel Baker. 
Conrad Free. 
John Hendricks. 
Samuel Jones. 
John Orr. 
James Freeland. 
John Loran. 
John Ball 

Captain Simon Kopenhafer's Company, 1776. 

[Originai, in German.] 

Kaptin, Simon Kopcnhafer. 
1st. Lt. Michael Schreiber. 
2nd. Lt. Andreas Schinerd, Jun. 
Ensign, Jacob Gotwalt, Sr. 
Johannes Frey. 

ii_inharJ Klein. 
Heinrich Nos. 
Peter Bens. 
Jacob Kaufman. 
Schim Worle. 
Jacob Worle. 
Philip Wachner. 
William Worle. 
Daniel Worle. 
Andi-eas Bitter. 
Johannes Heittinger. 
P. Reittinger. 
Jacob W^achner. 
Johannes Reintzle. 
Christ Rintzle. 
.fohannes Schinerd. 
Schimy Schinerd. 
lohannes Wilt. 
Johan Gristy. 

Amos Hersche3'. 
Johannes Schreiber. 
\ndreas Kraft. 
Peter Schultz. 
Simon Kopenhafer, Jr. 
Samuel Wilt. 
Falendein, Will. 
Andreas Heid. 
Petter Lang. 
George Koenich. 
.!acoi- Huft. 
Jacob Graft. 
Michael Heyd. 
Michlaus Herre<s. 
^lichel Sprenkel. 
Philllb WinderniON er. 
.Tones Herman. 
Pl>il]ib Hoffman. 
Friedrich Heid. 

Heinrich Ord. 
Georg Heinrich Haupt. 
Petter Witterrecht. 
Jacob Hernian. 
Georg Witterrecht. 
Hans Saal. 
Johannes Schram. 
Phil lib Weil. 
Georg Miller, Jun. 
Jacob Ersman. 
Jacob Schindel. 
Fi'iedrich Schindel. 
Jonas Gastman. 
Johannes Gastman. 
Gotfried Konig. 
Jonas Rutvsil. 
Phillib Ruttysil. 
Heinrich Ran. 
Johannes Heinrich Han 

Jacob Gottwalt, Jr. 
Johannes Kriebel. 
Conrad Tnsmenger. 
Lonherd Heindel. 

List op Captain Jacob Biester's Company, 1776. 

Ist. Lt., Niohlas Beck. 
Michael Heinrich, Sr. 
Michael Heinrich. Jr. 
Schims Strang. 
Joseph Boh. 
Johannes Ber. 
Heinrich Ber. 
Jacob Thorn. 

[Originai, in German.] 

Michel Sigler. 
Johannes Rubert. 
Lorentz Hirschinger. 
>fichel Zimmerman. 
.Tohannes Mnth. 
Ulrich Weber. 
Hales Brit. 
Michel Garins. 

Nicklas Yung. 
Michael Holder. 
Michel Bensz. 
Tohannes Weil. 
Gorg Aber. 
Johannes Aber. 
Johannes Schinberger. 
Conrad Leber. 


Johannes Thom. 
Aron AVestschiieider. 
Michel Bemiller. 
Michel KafEeld. 
Lohncrt Benet. 
Peter Schwartz. 
Jacob Beyer. 
Fhillip Beyer. 
Johannes Beyer. 
Hinrich Bej'^er. 
Daniel Herkens. 
Schared Mines. 
Jacob Meyer. 
Gorg Lafeiber, Ens'n. 
Nickles Deh. 
Jacob Deh. 
Mathes Hartford. 
Frantz Graft. 
Anton Heins. 
SchiiQS Heins. 
Schims Briick. 
Yorg Wachtel. 
Saml Heist. 
Johannes Libhart. 
Johannes Crone, Sr. 
Johannes Crone, Jr. 
Peter Sekatz. 
Adam Hales. 
Lorentz Hales. 
Heinrich Rubert. 
Michel Dast. 

Johannes Gon. 
Philip Frej'. 
Johannes Prey. 
Jacob Berber. 
Gorg I'aft'. 
Gorg Maxhel. 
Conrad Seheffer. 
Priedrich Lieberknecht. 
Gorg Has. 
Michel Moster. 
Johannes Dauchge. 
Johannes Star. 
Heinrich Albrecht. 
Jacob Strickler. 
Schims Murphy. 
l*eter Breckler. 
Schinimay Shandon. 
Conrad Cara. 
Conrad Elleberger. 
Andreas Gilbert. 
Philip Gtui. 
Jacob Dellinger. 
Johannes Dellinger. 

Antony Keller. 
Adam Stautler. 
Johannes Immsheiser. 
Friedrich Utz. 
Philip Gun. 
Gonad Bulhans. 
Johannes Schmit. 

Nicklas Leber. 
Gorg Boner. 
Jacob Strominger. 
Johannes Landis. 
Michel Peterman. 
(iorg Reinhard. 
Martin Kuler. 
Friedrich Fitz. 
Christel Landis. 
Peter Wambach. 
Philip Mulhof, Sr. 
Philip Mulhof, Jr. 
Adam Handel. 
Lorentz Handel. 
Heinrich Haltzel. 
Gorg Attig. 
Johannes Abl. 
Jacob Stagmeier. 
Gorg Wollbach. 
Petter Dridt. 
Peter Diete. 
Johannes Weber. 
Friedrich Lambert. 
Heinrich Diethofs. 
Christof Nagel. 
Bil Critli. 
Johannes Simden. 
Philip Herman. 
Christian Rathsban. 
Peter Stab. 
^^^hel Bricker. 

Captain George Loxg's Report. 

"John Hay Esqr., Sub. Lieut, of York County. 

Lancaster ye 7th Janr. 1778. 


' ' You Desired me to Send you an account of the Men I have Presend and the 
names of them By Lt. Elefritz. I Do not know if I shall send a seperade Role of 
the Substitutes, or altogether. I shall give you a List, first of the Militia and the 
Substitutes following. [Here follows the lists.] 

"I am very much Surprised that these men that you was to send is not Come 
yet, according to yr. Promise und perhaps you may be Inosend, that they may 
have been onluckey in Crossing the River. 

"Sr& Friend: 

"I have Received Arms yesterday but not Compleat, and the Town Mayor is 
very Much Surprized that York County Could not afford a Waggon for my Compy 
and I fear I will not get one, but that the Compy is obliged to carry their Baggage 
on their Backs to the Discredit of the County, and also some of the freeman, and 
spoke to us why York County Did not turn out better, but I could not make an 
answer in the County's Defense, but was to answer with Silence. 
" Sr, I am with Respect &c Whitest 


Captain Grorge Long's Company, 1778. 

" a L,ist of Arms, accouterments and Ammunition &c of Capt., George Longs 
Compy of York County Militia, Lancester Jan. 7th 1778." 

This is followed by the subjoined names of the commissioned 
and non-commissioned oflficers and privates. The arms and accou- 
trements reported for the company were: 38 "Firelocks," 15 
"Bayonets and Belds," 40 "Catridge Boxes and Belds," 76 
"Flintes," 474 "Catridges" and 6 "Kitles." 

Captain, George Long. 
Lt. Chris'r Elefritz. 
Lt. John Fichel. 
Serg't, George Moore. 
Serg't Jacob Sprenkle. 
Serg't, John Willard. 
Corp'l,Martini Kerman. 
Corp'l, Seth Goodwin. 
Corp'l, Philip Wagon- 

John Wilhelm. 
Kelix Miller, 
(ieorge Wilhelmn. 
I'hilip Wagoner. 

Kasper Willard. 
Edw'd Lostikel. 
Peter W. Naught, or 

Philip Grim. 
Peter Grim. 
John Long. 
Luke McLeese. 
John Graham. 
Patrick Oloan. 
Michl Grim. 
George Zech. 
John Dolsman. 
Jacob Speck. 

Jacob Kook. 
Jacob Layman. 
Henery Eyschell. 
George Fleeger. 
Forrist McKutchiu. 
Thos. Eyan. 
Martin Mayer. 
Henery Miller. 
Jacob Houx. 
Jacob Doederly. 
Peter Shoemaker. 
David Parker. 
Edw'd ilusgrove. 
Michael Kurtz. 

A Prison Guard, 1778. 

"From 7 to 9 from 11 to i on gard the 17 March 1778, Christopher Lauman. 
South Gard Commanded by Danl Doll from 9 to 11 from i to 3. 

Ignatious Lightner. 

Clemence Stillinger. 

Jacob Welsh 

John Philby. 

Martin Fry. 

Jacob Bidner. 

Jacob Waltimire. 

Henry Lanius. 

John Egnew. 

Andrew Colhoon for 

Lorence Shultz. 

George Lutman. 

Michls. Edwards, Sr. 

John Koch, Junr. 

John Phliger. 

John Yous. 

Peter Glasbrenner. 

Geo. Giess. 

Jacob Graybill. 

John Williams. 

Barny Smith. 

John Hubly. 

Wm. Mim. 

Peter Hess. 

Charles Lauman. 

Henry Small. 

Christian Heckendorn 

John Hicely. 

John Lafferty. 

Hamilton Bagley. 

Joseph UpdengrafF. 

Thomas McKinsy. 

Michael Schriber. 

Thomas Koons. 

Stephen Hary. 

William Norris. 

John Stribich. 

•Tacob Welshhans. 

John Shetly. 

.Abraham Lightner. 

Jacob Heekei-t. 

Joel Gray. 

Doctor Daniel Shefcr. 

Jacob Furry. 

William May son. 

Peter Kurtz. 

Doctor Emanuel Afc- 

Ivichard Hickson. 

Hlenry Erwin. 


.Tohn Eicheberger. 

Peter Lightner. 

Geo. Stoll. 

I'hilip Miller. 

Second Battalion. 

" Organized 1775. Return made April 5th, 1779. 

•'Col. Wm. Rankin; Lieut. Col. John Ewing; Major John Morgan. 


" Return from Seacont Badalion of York County Manchester Tawnship fore them 
that hase Mostert and for them that hase not Mostert for the year of our Lord 1779. 
Simon Coppen-Haffer Capt'n." 

Capt., Simon CoppenhafEer. 
1st. Lt., Michael Schreiber. 
2nd. Lt., Andrew Smith. 
Ensign, Jacob Gotwalt. 

John Schran. 


Michael Wentz. 
George Henry Houser 
John Kroll. 
George Romig. 
Frederick Haeck. 
Conrad E. Menges. 
George Weiterecht. 
Reinhart Klein. 
Henry Ort. 
Peter Weiterecht. 
Peter Schultz. 
Henry Ness. 
Peter Bentz. 
Ludwig Shindel. 
Andreas Haeck. 
Jacob Ness. 
Jacob Herman. 
John Hoerst. 

Jonas Rudisily. 
John Humrichhouser. 
Godfried Koenig. 
Yalentine Wilt. 
George Miller. 
Henry Rudisily. 
John Frey. 
Nicholas Hantz. 
Jacob Gotwalt. 
Nicholas Krasz. 
Peter Bang. 
Simon Kopen H;ifi'er. 
Adam HoUzapple. 
Heny Decker. 
Philip Benedick. 
Frederick Ehresmann. 


.liins Schmitd. 


" Return made April 5, 177S. 

Capt., Emanuel Herman. 

1st Lieut., William Mower. 

2nd. Lt., John Brodrough. 

Ensign, Herman Hoopes. 

Ludwig Moll. 

John Haler. 

John Inners. 

John GrafP. 

Christian Eyster. 

John Emig. 

John Romer. 

Valentine Oberdorff. 

Adam Rolfe. 

Peter Zeigler. 

Lenhart Ebly. 

Peter Weigle. 

Lenhart Holtzapple. 

Valentine Krantz. 

Jacob Rudy. 

John Oldhan. 

Conrad Eisenhard. 

John Hagner. 

Andreas Hoock. 


Dietz Amand. 
Gabriel Derr. 
Mathias Schmeisper. 
Peter Otinger. 

John Kauffelt. 
Jacob Ziegler. 
Andreas Schneider. 
Killian Zeigller. 
Sebastian Weigel. 
Robert Inners. 
George Rotrock. 
John Kurtz. 
Christian Ebly. 
Henry Ottinger. 
George Leckrone. 
Jacob Ottinger. 
Abraham Greinawald. 
Henry Schultz. 
John Miller. 
Martin Weigel. 
Conrad Weigel. 
Jacob Schmeisser. 
Isaac Gartman. 
Isaac Gartman, Jr. 
Andreas Meyer. 
Lenhart Lecrone. 
Simon Nirdmeyer. 

Philip Wintermoyer. 
Wm. Rieth. 
Conrad Weikel. 
Yost Stork. 
Jacob Ernst. 
John Hoffman, 
Nathan Worley. 
Andras Ritter. 
Jacob Kauffman. 
Jacob Worley. 
.Tohn Willes. 
John Krebiel. 
John Schmidt. 
John Herman. 
Jims Worley. 
Andreas Hirshey. 
Jacob Huff. 
John Kaffman. 
Christian Kneizley. 
Joshua Horten. 
Frank Worly. 
Andrew Ginigam. 
John Nesbinger. 

Martin Ebert. 
Peter Menges. 
Jacob Bott. 
Philip Ebert. 
Peter Sprenkel. 
Philip Ziegler. 
Isaac Sterner. 
Josejih Rothrock. 
George Bott. 
Michael Ebert. 
Jacob Roemer. 
Gottleib Riger. 
Peter Lienck. 
George Sprinckel. 
Joseph Kriebel. 
George Eyster, Jr. 
Jacob Bushong. 
Michael Lau. 
John Hoock. 
Stephen Finfrock. 
Jacob Odenwalt. 
Peter Wolff. 
Elias Eyster. 
John Ottinger. 
Mathias Detter. 
Dietrick Ruppert. 
Jacob Herritz. 
Peter Sprenckel. 


Jacob Hoock. 
George Ferror. 
Jonas Bott. 
Philip Heiges. 
George Eyster. 
Casper Koren. 
John Grat2. 

John Frey. 
Michael Emlet. 


Henry Weltzhoffer. 
Robert Bayly. 
Gottleib Fackler. 
Michael Finfrock. 

George Menges. 
John Oberdorff. 
Jacob Meisenkop. 
Jacob Bauer. 
Philip Stell. 

Third Battalion. 

"Organized in 1775. Return made April 5, 1778. 

"Col. David Jamison, Ueutenant Colonel, Philip Albright, Major, Wm. Scott. 

1st. Capt., Jacob Beaver. 

1st Lt., Nicholas Baker 

2nd. Lt., John Bare. 

Ensign, George Lefeber. 

James Murfy. 

Nicholas Young. 

John Shenberger. 

Conrad Lever. 

Michael Peternian. 

Martin Kealer. 

Peter Tritt. 

Wm. Bradly. 

Michael Bemiller. 

Jacob Byer. 

Charles Means. 

John Goan. 

John Rupert. 

Michael Koffeld. 

Peter Swartz. 

Henry Byer. 

Nathan Phersize. 

Samuel Christ. 

Ulrich Weber. 

Philip Fry. 

George Maxfield. 

Philip Stees. 

John Landis. 

George Autick. 

John Simson. 

Conrad Lora. 

Jacob Strickler. 

Frederick Eaty. 

John Imenheiser. 

John Ebay. 

Michael Henry, Jr. 

Nicholas Dey. 

John Croan. 

Michael Dush. 

Paul Tritt. 
George PofP. 
Frederick Lebeknecht. 
John Douchki. 
Andrew Gilbert. 
Jacob Bellinger. 
Pliilip Goan. 
George Auble. 
Jacob Stromenger. 
Lorentz Haindel, Jr. 
Henry Hailzel. 
Aaron Kephsnyder. 
.John Byer. 
John Leaphart. 
Michael Zimmerman, 
John Mude. 
George Gause. 
Henry Bear. 
Joseph Reh. 
Daniel Harken.s. 
Peter SeaCat. 
Henry Rooby. 
Lorentz Hersinger. 
John Dellinger. 
John Auber. 
George Beaner. 
Jacob Stakenar. 
George Woolpack. 
Peter Dity. 
Henry DeethoiT. 
^lichael Broocker. 
Jacob Deh. 
Francis Graif. 

Andrew Heins. 
Lorentz Paul. 
Michael Garious. 
Conrad ShaifPer. 
Michael Mosser. 
Peter Treckler. 
Jeremia Johnson. 
Anthony Keller. 
George Rinehard. 
Christopher Noble. 
Christian Rothfand. 
.lames Strong. 
John Toam. 


Ulrich Eleberger. 
Philip Hune. 
Adam Stentler. 
Conrad Lookhoup. 
Michael Holder. 
Frederick Fitz. 
Christopher Laundis. 
Peter Wambach. 
John Weber. 
Frederick Lambert. 
Philip German. 
.Tohn Smith. 
Nicholas Bentz. 
Philip Millhove. 
Adam Haindle. 
I'eter Steap. 
•Tames Hines. 
John Croan, Sr. 
Adam Pauls. 
Michael Sigler. 
.Tohn Stair. 
Henry Allbright. 
Conrad Brewbacker. 

2nd Capt., Godfry Fry. 

1st Lieut., John Bushung. 

2nd Lieut., George Spangler. 

Ensign, James Jones. 

George Brown. Jacob Lefeber. 

John Trychler. John Bankin. 

Gotfry Sumwalt. 
John Rode. 
Mathias Stuart. 
Henry Stouffer. 
William Sprenkle. 
Henry Breninger. 


Jacob Lehman. 
George Bentz. 
Edward Prion. 
Andrew Miller. 
George Michael Peler, 
Michael Fishel. 
Christian Shewe. 
Abraham ^Yelshance. 
\\illiam Johnston. 
Henry Jones. 
Jacob Morks. 
Daniel btouffer. 
Jacob Keller. 
John Spangler. 
Jacob Speck. 
Michael Kurtz. 
Henry Greenewalt. 
George Deal. 
Jacob Koch. 

Conrad Kissinger. 
George Fliger. 
Jonas bpangler. 
Christian Sipe. 
Philip Spangler. 
I'eter Lemau. 
Frederick Houshill. 
^vlartin Weller. 
^lartin Speck. 
Stephen Laundes. 
Peter ^Yolf. 
Peter Deal. 
Samuel Detwiler. 
Michael Spangler. 
Henry Spangler. 
Jacob Byer. 
Yogam Leman. 
Christian Betz. 
Jacob Freed. 

Christian Hogman. 
John Gusler. 
George Boly. 
Daniel Mosser. 
Henry Wissendaul. 
Peter Peter. 
George Swartz. 
John Stuart. 
James Shaw. 
John Minster. 
I'eter Foust. 
John Imel. 
Wier Bentz. 
John Bush. 
George Ley. 
Jacob Fliger. 
Nicholas Deal. 

.■]rd Capt. Pet€r Forte. 

1st Lient., Christopher Stear 

2nd Lieut., Andrew Hertzoch 

Ensign, Jacob Welshanec. 

John Kean. 

John Peasly. 

Peter Schlimer. 

Daniel Kiser. 

George Xebinger. 

Henry Bonix. 

Philip Shipe. 

Lorentz Etter. 

Gotfrey Loneberger. 

John Welch. 

Joseph Craft. 

Alexander McKitrich. 

Henry King. 

David Welsh a nee. 

John Good. 

}^Iathias Pourt. 

T'eter Eose. 

Henry Hofe. 

Henrj' ZMyer. 

Andrew Nunemaker. 

Francis Koontz. 

Frederick Lowmaster. 
Frederick Tombach. 
Anthony Rous. 
Michael Edward. 
John Wolf, Jr. 
Frederick Y^ouse. 
Martin Shreader. 
Abraham Pick. 
Frederick Yv'yer. 
Peter Dinkle. 
William White. 
James McCullock. 
George Fritz. 
George Waldimyer. 
Jacob Fackler. 
Jacob Ereon. 
Thomas Eyon. 
Wm. McMun. 
John Propst. 
John Shultz. 

James Kopp. 
Jacob Sprenkle. 
Wm. Fondorow. 
Adam Wolf. 
George Shook, 
.lacob Updegraff, Jr. 
Francis Jones. 
Killian Small. 
Samuel Leedy. 
Gotfry Ream. 
Abraham Danner. 
James Smith. 
Henry Booser. 
Joseph Updegraff. 
Nathaniel Lightner. 
Fincence Infelt. 
George Peck. 
John Edward. 
Jacob Weaber. 
John Gohoet. 
(reorge Fry. 
Henry Bouch. 
Isaac Jones, 
deorge Mock. 
Anthony Ritz. 

4th Capt., Christopher Lowman. 

1st Lient., Ephriam Pennington. 

2nd Lieut., John Fishel. 

Ensign, Charles Bamitz. 

Casper Miller. 

Samuel Updegraff. 

Felix Conneway. 

Peter Shitz. 

Thomas Hixon. 

Abram Sittler. 

Adam Gardner. 

Valentine Brenisen. 

John Biers. 

Henry Walter. 
Abram Gravious. 
Edward McDermit. 
Thomas Prior. 
.Tohn Leisser. 
John Wolf. 
John Altifrid. 
George Hope. 

Abram Knisely. 
George Goodyear. 
Frederick Bringman. 
Philip Endler. 
George Test. 
Jacob Miller. 
Martin Frey. 
Ludwick Wisong. 
Andrew Biilmyer. 
Jacob Welshance. 
Alexander Donaldson. 
Joseph Tott. 
John Pick. 


Leonard Bensl. 
Pet«r Ileal. 
Samuel Fisher. 
John Alifred. 
Michael Mosser. 
Conrad Miller. 
Martin Flinchbach. 
John Allifrid. 
Martin Flinshbach. 
Michael Mosser. 
Leonard Benel. 
Peter Keal. 
Conrad Miller. 
Samuel Fisher. 
John Hickson. 
Frederick Housman. 
Martin Kearman. 
Jacob Houk. 

John Patterson. 
Henry Kyfer. 
John Williamson. 
John Gorgus. 
Jacob Shramm. 
Thomas Beltzhoover. 
Michael Keller. 
Alexander M. Conaffle. 
Thomas Orven. 
Andrew Hoffman. 
Philip Greber. 
Christian Hecketurn. 
Mathias Sittler. 
John Dubman. 
(Jeorge Kidy. 
Samuel Koontz. 
Jacob Letter. 
Martin Brenison. 

Jacob Snyder. 
VVm. Lonnious. 
Michael Welch. 
John Myer. 
Jacob Shook. 
Michael Billmyer. 
Jacob Bahn. 
John Willes. 
George Weller. 
Joseph Updegraff. 
George Snyder. 
Henry Bentz. 
Henry Welch. 
Jacob Snerely. 
Philip Heckert. 
George Shlosser. 
Christopher Slagla. 

5th Capt., Alexander Ligget. 

1st Lieut., Kobert Richey. 

2nd Lieut., Eobert Stuart. 

Ensign, Peter Fry. 

Henry Tyson. 

Wm. Ligget. 

Craft Hermal. 

Jacob Insweller. 

Robert Eakin. 

Samuel McCowen. 

Henry Long. 

Conrad Gyer. 

John Peterman. 

Andrew Slinger. 

Alexander Handerson. 

Conrad Fry. 

Nathan McCoy. 

Aaron Arsdail. 

Adam Hindly. 

Geo. Wambach. 

Baltztr Shenberger. 

Christian Lootz. 

Abraham Young. 

Henry McGarrah. 

John Handerson. 

Jacob Ruby. 

Leonard Young. 

Michael Miller. 

Michael Wambach. 
Samuel Laundes. 
Henry Miller. 
Benjamin Tyson. 
Archibald Eason. 
Stephen Slifer. 
Barkley Sayler. 
Robert Greenleas. 
Martin Slinger. 
James Cross. 
James M'Narey. 
Christian Laundes. 
James Ross. 
Thomas Robertson. 
James M'Cavick. 
•John Cadge. 
Bernat Fry. 
Henry Reineberger. 
John Fisher. 
J eter Koble. 
George Smith. 
Jacob Stegner. 
Adam Goan. 
Richard Jones. 

John Myers. 
Philip Wambach. 
Rendal Cross. 
Henry Teckert. 
I'eter Offer. 
Christopher Heindel. 
Wm. Young. 
Andrew White. 
David Good. 
Philip Slifer. 
Peter Reisinger. 
Christopher Petters. 
Henry Myers. 
John Lynck. 
Frederick Hamer. 
Daniel Peterman. 
Jacob Smook. 
George Woolbeck. 
Andrew Brown. 
John Russel. 
Peter Insweller. 
Melker Ortas. 
Alexander Lewis. 
George Tyse. 
John Smook, Jr. 
Paul Gier. 
Jacob Neff. 
John EflP. 

6th Capt., George Long. 
1st Lieut., Samuel Smith. 
2nd Lieut., Conrad Keesey 
Ensign, Samuel Mosser 
George Dittenheffer. 
Michael Hinico. 
Christian Blymyer. 
Yost Kerchhard. 
Jacob Blymyer. 
Jacob Bettinger. 
Jacob Inners. 

Michael Grimm. 
Henry Alt. 
Peter Grimm. 
Peter Sprenkle. 
John Rigert. 
Adam Flinchbaugh. 
Michael Bettinger. 

Henry Snell. 
Felix Miller. 
Michael Albright. 
Henry Dome. 
Ludwiek Waltman. 
John Bushong". 
Peter Sins. 
1 nilip Grimm. 
Yost Getz. 
George Hardline. 
Jacob Sebauld. 



Nicholas Sins. 
Bastian Erig. 
Casper Fisher. 
Jacob Flig'cr. 
John Myer. 
Nicholas Waltman. 
Jacob Sherer, Jr. 
-Martin Stook. 
John Shoemaker. 
John Long. 
William Ki^ert. 

Frederick Fliger. 
Jacob Geesey. 
Michael Hornish. 
Michael Sytz, 
Conrad Shentler. 
George Wilhelm. 
Christian Shetler. 
Jacob Reman. 
John Kerchard. 
Bernhard Kousler. 
Peter Byer. 

Henry Fisher. 
Ulrich Neaf. 
Henry Dolman. 
Jacob Shearer. 
Andrew Pefferman. 
George Neaf. 
William Miller. 
Felix Albright. 
Abram Swingwiler. 
Adam Fishel. 

7th Capt., Michael Hahn. 

1st Lieut., John Minn. 

^nd Lieut., Thomas Iron 

Ensign, Christian Sinn. 

John Kurtz. 

John Shultz, hatter. 

Adam Greber. 

James McLaughlin. 

George Stake. 

oohn Bear. 

Jacob Durang. 

.Mr. Kenety. 

George Craft. 

George Maul. 

Jacob Upp. 

Michael Doudle. 

L'.idwick Headick. 

John Shall. 

Conrad Letherman. 

Philip Weltzheimer. 

David Candler. 

John Flender. 

George Wiic. 

K'.ulolph Spanglor. ■ 

Christian Ilgenfritz. 

John Collins. 

Charles Brooks. 

Andrew Welsh. 


Michael Wey. 
Adam Cookes, 
George StuU. 
Samuel Johnston. 
Mathias Zimmer. 
Ambrose Updegraff. 
John Love. 
Peter Bear, 
iienry Wolf, Jr. 
Jacob Eothrock. 
vjeo. Micliael .Siiengl 
John Kunkle. 
James M'Kea. 
Jacob Eichinger. 
James Love. 
John Shultz. 
Andrew Shetley. 
^lartin Greber. 
George Shall. 
Thomas Eaton. 
Baltzcr Spengler. -— 
William Love. 
Paul Metzgar. 
Simon Schniter. 

Jacob Gardner. 
Jacob Shank. 
Abraham Updegraff. 
Francis Worley. 
Frederick Aderhold. 
Michael Widner. 
Jacob Shaffer. 
Nathan Updegraff. 
George Irvin. 
John Welsh. 
William Long. 
William Kersey. 
Enoch Pennett. 
John Wall. 
Nicholas Br.and. 
Jacob Bernhard. 
Jacob Funk. 
William Welsh. 
.John Greber. 
Peter ]\Iundorff. 
Jacob Schriber. 
Frederick Pickle. 
Nathaniel Lightner. 
Cnristopher Sheelej'. 
Christian Herman. 
George Gees. 
Jacob Newman. 

Sixth Battalion. 

"Organized in 1776. Return made April 26th, 1778." 

The Battalion is designated on these rolls as the 6th, In Vol. 14, 
Penna. Archives, N. S. page 507, which gives the names of the 
commissioned officers of these battalions only, all the companies of 
the Sixth Battalion, exxept the first, are erroneously placed in the 
Eighth Battalion. See also Note 17. 

"Colonel, William Ross; Major, David Wiley, 


Capt., Laird. 

1st Lieut., Wm. Eeed. 
Ensign, David Steelt. 

Wm. Clark. 
Wm. Davi?. 
Ipaac Davis. 

Archibald Greeless. 

Jas. Edgar. 

Benj. Cunningham. 


Patt Quigley. 
Alex Cooper. 
James Buchannan. 
Kobt. Rowland. 
Nicholas Cooper. 
James Breckenridge. 
John Commins. 
John Lewiston. 
Saml. Meisaac. 
Saml. Cuning. 
Wm. Thomson. 
Robt. Glenn. 
Joseph Ross. 
Michael McMullan. 
Andw Rowen. 
James Lard. 
John Glendenon. 
John Lemon. 
John Holbort. 
Geo. Nicle. 
James Sims. 
Patt. Scott. 
Wm. Carkey. 
John Tavlof. 
Theo. Pa'tton. 
Jonathan Burgess. 

John Doherty. 
Wm. Mclleny. 
John Major. 
\Vm. ("oloin. 
Hugh Crawford. 
Saml. Fulton. 
Hiigh Faton. 
John Williamson. 
Robt. Armstrong. 
Wm. W^allace. 
Thos. Cooper. 
Thos. Hawkins. 
Benj. Willson. 
Robt. Torbert. 
Jits. Robison. 
Richard Cord. "^ 
Jacob McCulougli. 
Josiah Scott. 
Willian^i Galongher. 
John Neal. 
John Cooper. 
Wm. Russel. 
.Tames McCroney. 
Saml. Bohanan. 
Saml. Willson. 
Renj. Bifet. 

SECOND COMPANY. Lieut., Isaac McKissic 
2nd. Lieut. John Smith. 
Ensign Thomas Dixon. 
Jas. Hamilton. 
Frederick Satler. 
James Young. 
John Duncan. 
Martin Overmiller. 
Jasper Clements. 
Geo. Egert. 
Wm. Melurg. 
Andw. Proudfoot. 
John Blosser. 
Francis Seecrost. 
Jacob Yost. 
Michael Morrison. 
John Bohanan. 
James Steel. 
Andw. Thompson. 
John Anderson. 

Capt. Joseph Reed. 
1st. Lieut. Robt. Smith. 
Ensign Samuel Colins. 
Brnjamiji Paden. 
Wm. Tulerton. 
Wm. Mahlin. 
Joseph Kellit. 
David Patterson. 
Michael Travis. 
Aaron Finley. 

Adw. Fulton. 
Peter Brvfugle. 
Robt. Proudfoot. 
Adam Reed. 
David Proudfoot. 
Anthony Beaman. 
I'att. Purdy. 
Evan Griffith. 
James iMcElroy. 
Solomon James. 
Robt. Dixson. 
Nicolay Feeple. 
Joseph Nowland. 
James Purdy. 
.Saml. Rosborougli. 
-Tacob Householder. 
Samuel Smith. 
Stephens Cornelius. 
Stophel Hively. 

Moses Wallace. 
Frederick ^tcPherson. 
Wm. Johnson. 
Wm. Martin. 
Henry McCormick. 
Samuel Nelson. 
John Wallace. 
Robt. Nelson. 
Philip Conol. 
Robt. Martin. 

Alex. Threw. 
Mathias ^lorrison. 
Thos. Matson. 
John ^[cCanle&s. 
.Joseph Henry. 
Wm. Bolentine. 
Patt. Downey. 
John Tagert. 
Robt. Fliwen. 
Jas. Sample. 
Geo. :\ntchel. 
Thos. ]Morris. 
Wm. Cooper. 
Wm. Snodgrass. 
Jas. Milligan. 
Eldw. Morris. 
Hugh WTiiteford. 
Theop. Jones. 
Tohn Webb. 
Thos. Steel. 
John Thomson, 
.fames Galeagher. 
Abram Micke3\ 
Jas. Heirs. 
Jacob Reed. 
William Rowen. 

John Xeilson. 
Benj. Yont. 
Elisha Pew. 
Jacob Sadler. 
John Griffith. 
Robt. McKay. 
Robt. Carswell. 
Henry Craig. 
Henry Householder. 
Wm. Neilson. 
James ^IcAlister. 
David Gemil. 
W^m. Boyd. 
Henry Cuningham. 
Robt."^ Straft'ort. 
Robt. S'waji. 
John McIsaac. 
David Anderson. 
James Pegan. 
William Smith. 
John Smith. 

Saml. McMichael. 
Wm. Wallace. 
vSaml. Peden. 
Robt. Addair. 
Alc-c. McAlister. 
John Lusk. 
Matt. Wallace. 
Wm. Patterson. 
George Thompson. 
James Lodge. 


James i'atterHoii. 
James IJobinson. 
Aaron Wallace, 
.lohn Carker. 
John Williams, 
.lohn Kobinson. 
James Ridgeway. 
(ieorg-e Henry. 
John McMillon. 

John Duncan. 
Thos. Hirkwood. 
Hugh Keed. 
Samuel Fullerton. 
Saml. JJeed. 
James Kirk. 
John Wallace. 
Francis Holton. 
Alex. Orr. 


Capt. Joseph Moffit. 

Ist. Lieut. Andrew Warrick 

2nd. Lieut. Samuel Moor. 

Ensign James Wilson. 

Charles Hay. 

John McCuIough. 

Saml. Roe. 

Daniel Robb. 

John Gibson. 

John :McKell. 

Joseph Cross. 

Robt. McDonald. 

James Willson. 

John Montgomery. 

Wm. Godfrey. 

Robt. McCleiand. 

Andrew Sloan. 

Matt. Ewen. 

Wm. Comou. 

.Tohn Howel. 

Hugh ISfcCutchen. 

Wm. WMllsoi;. 

Henry West. 

James Willson. 

Capt. John ReppeJ^ 

Ist. Lieut. John Colwell. 

Wm. Bohanan. 

John Conor. 

John McClain. 

Wm. McCleiand. 

John Cummins. 

James Parks. 

John Ramzy. 

Robt. McGill. 

Wm. McCullough. 

Saml. Leeper. 

.TohH Buck. 

Saml. Pollock. 

Jacob Vizage. 

.John Fullerton. 

Robt. Steward. 

Saml. Eliot. 
John Miller. 
.John Shinard. 
Geo. Egart. 
Samuel Wattsou. 
John Marshel. 
Wm. Douglass. 
John Anderson. 
Wm. Edgar. 
Frederick Kross. 
W^m. Ramsay. 
Da\id Fulton. 
Patt. Colwell. 
Abraham Siuord. 
Joseph Manifold. 
W^m. Feries. 
Wm. Edie. 
Wm. Ligget. 
John Cross. 
Wm. Willson. 


Walter Robinson. 
John Buchannan. 
Moses JMcWhorter. 
Saml. Ramzy. 
Andw. McClery. 
Matt. McCall.' 
Hugh Dougherty. 
James Woran. 
Alex. McCulough. 
John Houge. 
David McCoulough. 
John Morrison. 
\Villiam ^Morrison. 
John Dougherty. 


Capt. Joseph Reed (Ferryman). 
Archibald Shaw. 

James Sprout. John Elder. 

John Andrew. Robt. ^Valker. 

James Downing. John Hill. 

Robt. Finley. 
James Henry. 
Rowlen Stevens. 
Wm. Fulerton, Jr. 
Wm. Henr3\ 
Wm. Nicol. 
Saml. Martin, 
Patt. King. 

Alex. Thompson. 
Tames Agm.w. 
Thos. Balden. 
James Hutchensou. 
John Ramzy. 
Nehemaih Armstrong. 
James Harper. 
.Joseph Harrison. 
Peter Roberts. 
Wm. Morrord. 
Wm. Spitler. 
John Richey. 
Thos. Ray. 
Patt. Douglass. 
John McKitrick. 
Benjamin Manifold 
Robt. Anderson. 
David Manson. 
James Anderson. 
John Willson. 
Alex. Ramzy. 
David Hart. 

John Curry. 
Gavin Scott. 
George Aurson. 
John ]\IcHarsy. 
.John Stewart. 
Saml. Stewart. 
Robt. Zeliss. 
.Tames Greer. 
Patt. Masewell. 
Alex. Fullerton. 
Francis Andrew. 
Thos. Johnson. 
James Lord. 
Patt. Smith. 
James Hill. 

Thos. Duncan. 
John Douglass. 
Alex. Cooper. 
Saml. Sprout. 
John Kelly. 


John Eobb. 
Geor. Biirholder. 
James Hill. 
Wm. Hill. 
James Perron. 
James Jolly. 
Wm. Smiley. 
Thos. Willsou. 
Danl. Shaw. 
A. McCulough. 
John Stewart. 
Wm. Qnig-ley. 
James Newton. 
James Shaw. 
Henry Eobinson. 
David McKinley. 

.Tames Spear. 
Joseph Kobb. 
William Willson. 
Cornelius Ward. 
Abrah. Barber. 
James Ste^vart. 
Ivobt. Blain. 
jNlichael McAnulty. 
Isaac Williams. 
Robt. Hill. 
Joseph Jackson. 
Charles Bradshaw. 
Wm. Wedg-ewortli. 
John McCall. 
James Elder. 
James Forsvtho. 

Thos. Newton. 
Wm. Long. 
Kobt. Forsytlie. 
John Reed. 
John Reed. 
Saml. McClurge. 
Saml. Caldwell. 
Hugh Sprout. 
John Gorden. 
Wm. McCalough. 
John ]\IcKinley. 
Alen Seath. 
Alex. Downing. 
Joseph Reed. 
Robt. McGhee. 

The David McKinley above mentioned — born May i6, 1755 — 
was the great-grandfather of Hon. William McKinley, Republican 
candidate for president of the United States, 1896. After the 
Revolution, it is said, he lived in Westmoreland county, Pa., 15 
years; then removed to Mercer county. Pa., and in 1814 settled in 
Columbiana county, Ohio. His widow made application for 
United States Pension August 15, 1832. 

David McKinley, in 1776, was in Col. Richard McAlister's 
Third Battalion York County Militia, which marched to Eastern 
New Jersey to form the Flying Camp.^ 

Robert P. Porter, in his life of Hon. Wm. McKinley, states that 
David was a son of James McKinley who emigrated from the North 
of Ireland when twelve years old. The York county Court House 
records show that this is erroneous. The father of David was John 
McKinley, who died in February, 1779. The father of the latter 
was David McKinley, weaver, to whom was granted, by deed, a 
tract of land in Chanceford township, by the Proprietaries of Penn- 
sylvania, April I, 175 1. 


Capt. Thos. McNerry. 
1st. Lieut. Wm. Adams. 
Adam Heener. 
Jacob Gering. 
Casper Saylor. 
Jacob Crowl. 
Mathew Adams. 
Nicholas Quigley. 
George List. 
John Tinny. 
John Murphy. 
John Arnald. 

'Ante p, 405. 

Nicholas Strayer. 
Philip Elis. 
Andw. Koon. 
John Oolrigh. 
George Elis. 
Jacob Spotts. 
Michael Koon. 
Jacob Koon. 
John Buchannan. 
William Owins. 
William Adams. 
Robert Pendry. 

Wm. JVJcClorg. 
Wm. Adams, big. 
David McNary. 
Adam Quickel. 
Henry Adams. 
Henry Fodd. 
Henry Crowl. 
William Adam, old. 
Jacob Sypher. 
Jacob Weester. 
0^vin McLaughlen. 
Ludwick Keeth. 


.lames Porter. 
Charles Stewart. 
Richard Pendry. 
Ceter Stoyler. 
Matthew Hunter. 
Andw. Stayley. 

Geo. Keener, 
.fohn Koon. 
.fpmes >[cLau^hlin. 
I'hilip Winter. 
Thomas Groove. 
.John Armstronir. 

Da%id Johnson. 
John Cooster. 
Joseph Allison. 
George Cooster. 
.John French. 
Wm. Eeed. 

Seventh Battalion York County Miutia. 

Col., David Kennedy; Lieut. Col., James Ague w; Major, John Weams. 


Col. David Kennedy. 
Lieut. Col. James Agnew. 
Major, John Weams 
Captain John Myers. 
2nd. Lieut. Abram Bollinger 
Ensign Daniel Haumm 
.loseph Allender. 
George Swartz. 
Wm. Frankleberger. 
Heurv Shiles. 
.Jacob Hofner. 
.Tacob Miller. 
■ Rami. Breneman. 
Jacob Rodarmel. 
Martin Snyder. 
Lawrence Hilemaii. 
Michl. Peter. 
Fredk. Waggoner. 
Jacob Colier. 
Martin Barkhymer. 
Jacob Bealer. 
Christian Soabaugh. 
Philip Stambaugh. 
Joseph Brilherd. 

George Warley. 
Stephen Peter, Sr. 
Stephen Peter. Jr. 
.Tohn Rever. 
George 3kliller. 
Philip Stambautrh. Sr. 
(ieorge Keller, over nge 
Helphrey Cramer. 
Ulrich Fulwider. 
Nicholas Dehoflf. 
^[artin Gist v\ bite. 
Benjn. Breneman. 
George Fenceler. 
Michl. Hileman. 
John Beigher. 
John Verner. 
John Miller, forgave. 


Captain, Thomas White. 

Ipt. Lieut., Robert .TefPeris. 

2nd. Lieut., John .TefFeeris. 

Ensign Alex. Lees. 

George Conrod. 

Peter Koontz. 

Christian Hershey. 

Christian Road. 

^lichl. Strawsbaiigh. 

Joseph Hershey. 

Danl. Oaks. 

Philip Miller. 

iicnrv' Frankleberger. 

Andw. Smith. 

Fredk. Sej)tre. 

John Hom. 

John Dull. 

Thos. Hunt. 

Phillip Senif. 

Wm. Bond. 

Joseph Hershey, Jr. 

Michl. Leckner. 

.John Rose. 

John Kinkennon. 

Danl. Freil. 
Hugh Davis. 
Henry Fissel. 
Tobias Helsel. 
.Tohn Helsel. 
Frank Wrinkler. 
I'eter Rattz. 
Henry Plorn. 
Mathias Firestone. 
George Dashner. 
Henrv' Fissel Sadler. 
.Fohn Wertz. 
Michl. M'Cann. 
Michl. Fissel. 
.Tacob Wertz. 
•Tacob Ryers. 
George Hines. 
Andw. Hershey. 
Francis Huff. 
Solomon Mooler. 

And. Miller. 
Francis Stritehoof. 
Zachary Shoe. 
Danl. Tones. 
Harry Strayer. 
Christian Ruble. 
Jacob Abley. 
Harry Warley, Jr. 
Ulrich Huver. 
Henry Baker. 
John Snell. 

Henry Warley, over age. 
.TacoT) Keller, Sr. 
John Ott. 
Peter Noll. 
Henry Snyder. 
Nichs. Wv'ant. 
Peter Stambaugh. 
Jacob Bealor, Jr. 
John Rudisil. 
Henry Kesler. 
'Wm. Breneman. 
Jacob Stambaugh. 
John Huver. 

Christian Prigner. 
Thos. Evans. 
Adam First. 
Peter Hershev. 
Wm. White. 
Joseph Keepers. 
Philip Fissel. 
Danl. Wertz. 
Nichs. Bence. 
Adam Dentlinger. 
Wm. Chapman. 
Abram. Koontz. 
Christian Young. 
John Everson. 
\ alentiue Runk. 
Adam Huff. 
.Tohn Simmon. 
Thos. Piesel. 
Wendh^ Fissel, 
^lartin First. 
John Dicke, Sr. 
.Tacob Mooler. 
Jacob ^V'ire 



Capt., John Miller. 

1st. Lieut., Peter Smith. 

2nd. Lieut., John McDonald 

Ensii^n Acquilla Wjley. 

Christian Frey. 

Henry Shatter. 

Solomon Nonemuker. 

Danl. Bailey. 

George Waltim\-er. 

Michl. Howman. 

Wm. Anderson. 

David Jones. 

Michl, Felter. 

.\ndw. Krist. 

Wm. Hendricks. 

John Shelly. 

Michl. Garveric. 

Jacob Baker. 

Edward Wood. 

Jacob Seabaugh. 

John Clink. 

Philip Herring. 

Ed'd Barton. 

Jacob Brillhart. 

Lawrence Klinefelter. 
John Shyrcr. 
Thos. Dicken. 
I'eter Baker. 
Jolin Low. 
James Hendrick. 
John Keller. 
James Marshall. 
Michl. Congle. 
Jacob Headrick. 
Casper Lutz. 
Amos Dicken. 
Henry Downs. 
John Freeland. 
Frederick INIiller. 
George Eisenhart. 
Godliep Howman. 
Isaac Hendricks. 

Jacob Buzzard. 
Wendle Hoist. 
-Ymbrose Wilcox. 
John Davis. 
Danl. Kurfman. 
Jacob Alt. 
Ulrich Sipe. 
Nathan Jones. 
JoseiDh Turner. 
James Swinney. 
George Dommine. 
Frederick Bule. 
Alex. Osbourn. 
John Dicken. 
Wm. Patterson. 
Sebastian Shilling. 
George Peary. 
Michl. Hubley. 
John Klinefelter. 
Urias Freeland. 
John Hunt. 
Joseph Lowbridge. 
John Beard. 
Adam Hendricks. 

The list of the foregoing company, when first organized in 1775 
in the lower end of Shrewsbury township, is in the writer's pos- 
session. The officers then were : Gideon Bausley, Capt. ; John 
Patrick and Peter Smith, Lieutenants, and Conrad Taylor, Ensign. 


Capt. Peter Zollinger. 
1st. Lieut., Daniel Amer. 
2nd. Lieut. Josejih Baltzley. 
Ensign, Anthony Sr.yd 

Frederic Walter. 
John Kell. 
(lotliep Brizner. 
John Titto. 
Conrad Walk. 
Philip Jacobs. 
Danl. Noel. 
I'eter Gise. 
Bloss Noel, 
.lohn Brigner. 
Philip Emeck. 
Nicholas Goip. 
Conrad Haversloclv. 
Wendle Gyer. 
Jacob Baker. 
John Brener. 
Wm. Mummett, Jr. 
TVt«r Prigner. 
John Bower. 

Philip Swisegood. 
Adam I'layer, Junr. 
Lawrence Rorbaugh. 
Ulrich Bemhard. 
.Tohn Taylor. 
Danl. Eeinull. 
Stophel "Weymiller. 
Adam Pypher. 
Adam Player, Senr. 
John Mummett. 
A brain. Bowser. 
W^m. Mummett, Senr. 
(ieorge Tresler. 
Jacob Bower. 
Henry Long. 
Henry Jacobs. 
.Tohn Hidler. 
Jacob Snyder. 
George Jacobs. 


Capt., John Erman. 

1st. Lt., Daniel Peterman. 

Henry Baltzley. 
Danl. Bowser. 
Valentine Barkhymer. 
Eichd. !Mummett. 
John Naugle. 
Henry Walter. 
David Baker. 
Noah Bowser. 
Christian Baker. 
Conrad Dull. 
Patrick McHailey.— 
Jacob Bowser. 
Wm. Philebe. 
Adam Brener. 
.Jacob Long. 
Christopher Walter. 
Jacob Stifler. 
Nicholas Dillow. 
Ludwick Heiner. 
John Lane. 
Henry Heiney. 

2nd. Lt. Michael Bush. 
Ensign, George Erman. 


(George Seigh. 
John Colier. 
Christian Keller. 
Henry Miller. 
Andw. lM,yer. 
John ISIiller. 
Martin Feigle. 
Gilian Dippinger. 
Bernard Blymyer. 
Christian Stively. 
INfartin Hart. 
Philip Shaffer. 
Baltzler Colier. 
Nicholas Peary. 
Mathias Trorbaugh. 
Henry Keller. 
John Stively. 
Andw. Peary. 
Christopher Myers. 
Lawrence Rose. 
John Stites. 
Frederice Phenice. 
Saml. Brilheart. 
Michl. Myer. 
Abram. Rever. 

Capt., George Giselman. 

1st. Lt., Frederick Heiner. 

2nd. Lt., 

Ensign, Valentine Alt. 

James Flowers. 

John Crowl. 

Henry Klotfelter. 

Michi. Peltz. 

John Smith. 

Jacob Shyrer. 

Jacob Fnnhuver. 

Jacob Shaffer. 

George Low^. 

Joseph Bigler. 

George Walter. 

Jacob Winter. 

Christian Klintinch. 

George Deal. 

Jacob Henrv. 

Michl. Klotfelter. 

Henry Hildebrand. 

George Nyman. 

Christian Michael. 

Felix Klotfelter. 

Joseph Sit«s. 
John Shyrer. 
Jacob Peck. 
Adam Deal. 
]\[atthew Allison. 
Henry Byers. 
Conrad Alt. 
John Klinfelter. 
Charles Hymes. 
Michl. Shiiltz. 
John Fry. 
Andrew Low. 
Philip Appleman. 
Ulrich Noyer. 
Andw. Miller. 
Michl. Erman. 
Thos. Fnrhart. 
Philip Taylor. 
John Olp. 
Felix Hildebrand. 
John Grimes. 
Adam Pose. 
David Shaffer. 
Jacob Earhart. 
:\fichl. Bush. 


Michl. IMitchel. 
Henry Wideman. 
Yones Lordon. 
Christopher Zimmer- 
Peter Lise. 
iNlelchor Pypher. 
Christian Breneman. 
John Bver. 
:yrichl. Shenk. 
Andw. Shietler. 
Godphrey Klintinch. 
Adam Pope. 
Charles Sliuman. 
John Pope. 
Casper Hildebrand. 
Bernard Zeagler. 
Henrv Lise. 
Michl. Hofncr. 
George Piper. 
Anthony Leaman. 

Capt., Jacob Ament. 
1st. Lient., Andrew Pawley. 
2nd. Lient., Nicholas Andrews. 
Ensign, Adam Klinefelter. 
Philip Shaffer. 

George Road. John Weist. 

John Trimmer. Henry Whaler. 

Andw. Trimmer. Abram Road. 

Bernhard Spangler, Ru- ]\Iathias Craff. 
dy's son. 

(jeorge Bailey. 
Herman Miller. 
Conrad Swart z. 
Casper Clotfelt<;r. 
Charles Deal. 
Henry Frey. 
Jacob Koffelt. 
Francis Grove. 
Valentine Armspoker. 
David Byer. 
^^icholas Hope. 
Jacob Hildebraiu). 
Christian Rush. 
Henr^^ Hess. 
Jacob Brilhart. 
]Michl. Myer. 
John Brilhart. 
Jacob Bailey. 
Edw. IMnsgrove. 
Lawrence Cramer. 
Thos. Tise. 
Earnest Alp. 
Tobias ISIiller. 
Peter Klinfeltei-. 

Joseph Hosier. 
John Quarterman. 
Bernard Spengler, Jo- 
nas' Widow's son. 
Andw. Frideriek. 
Jacob Fulwider. 
Cliristian Hosier. 
jNIichl. Rose. 
Jacob Zeagler. 
Abram. Swart z. 
John Grow. 
Jacob Welchhant;. 
Henry Swartz. 
John Dicken. 
Peter Low. 
•Tacob Henry. 
Valentine Lore. 
George Sliskman. 
Emanuel Niswonger. 
Jacob Kurfman. 
George Emick. 
Philip Hileman. 

Philip Altland. 
Philip Krist. 
Michl. Paulet. 
John Kaulkrider. 
Ludwick Pope. 
Jacob Swartz. 
Christian Linbaker. 
John Tinkey. 
Adam Fultz. 


Henry Spangler, Jonas' 

Jacob Koacl. 
Jacob Stover. 
Michl. Sunday. 
Christian Weist. 
George Rudy. 
Saml. Arnold. 
Peter Fuse. 
John Sharke. 
Jacob Tortiseman. 
Christopher Hymes. 
Rndy Klinpeter. 
Peter IMoore. 
Chistojjher Kemi). 
David Griffith. 
Martiti Rafflesperger. 
Peter Deardorph. 

John Buse. 

John Baker. 

Amos Powel. 

Henry Say. 

George Wollet. 

John Myer. 

John Sunday. 

Henry Spangler, Rudy's 

Philip Stoofer. 
David Griffith. 
John John. 
John Appleman. 
Casper Bentzley. 
Adam Ivrist. 
Mathias Mummert. 
Valentine Grove. 
Jacob Fulgemore. 


Capt., John Shyrrer. 

1st. Lieut., Jacob Headrick. 

2nd. Lieut., Frederic Myers 

Ensign, Jacob Bear. 

Frederic Frazier. 

Saml. Glazick. 

Wm. Baker. 

Leonard Myer. 

John Fulwider. 

George Krapr. 

John Howser. 

George Baker. 

George Beck. 

Jacob Stake. 

Michl. Zeagler. 

Jacob Zeagler, Sr. 

John Everhart. 

Wendel Everhart. 

Leonard Sower. 

John Gauntz, 

Jacob Hess. 

Sebastian Widman. 

Philip Emick. 

Ludwick Reighgle. 

James Moore. 
James Moore. 
Jacob Bailey. 
Henry Wm. Keller. 
John Kline. 
Wm. Rule. 
Francis Weymiller. 
Valentine ISJirkle. 
Henry Rorbaugh. 
Peter Heiney. 
George Huver. 
Michl. Hileman. 
Mathias Smith. 
John Rule. 
George Rypold. 
George Smith. 
Andw. Kersh. 
Philip Null. 
George Dehoff. 
Stophel Brigner. 

Jacob Howry. 
Valentine Kulp. 
Peter Flager. 
Philip Wyland. 
John Stopher. 
Peter Strine. 
Michl. Frideric. 
Peter Torn. 
John Byer. 
Warne Craver. 
John Deardorph. 
Klinman Stoutsberger, 
Mathias Stump. 
Adam Fissel. 
John Nelson. 
Adam Walter. 
John Fissel. 

Jacob Bear, Sr. 
Philiji Snyder. 
Nicholas Rypold. 
Martin Shyrer. 
.Tohn Livingston. 
Jacob Keller. 
Henry Mankey. 
Jacob Warley. 
Abram. Keller. 
Peter Garverie. 
George Portner. 
Frederice Hovice. 
Michl. Shearer. 
Henry Williams. 
Jacob Keller, of Geo. 
George Amspoker. 
Jacob Kessler. 
John Broadback. 
Jacob Dates. 
Henry Nycomraer. 
Dewalt Snyder. 
Peter Krapr. 
Frederick Fisher. 
Adam Rypold. 

The Colonial Records and Pennsylvania Archives (ist series) 
disclose the following interesting information concerning the York 
County Militia, in addition to what has already been vouchsafed in 
this work: 

"April 12, 1776, by Philadelphia Council of Safety: That Mr. Rob't. Towers be 
directed to deliver to Col. Dill 10 stand of Arms and 34 Tomahawks. 

"April 16, 1776, Wm. Smith was Colonel of the 4th battalion. 

"Aug. 20, 1776, Capt. McNary's Company of the 4th battalion. 

"Feb. 4, 1777, James Dill was Major and Martin Dill Colonel of the 5th battalion. 
Capt. Dodd of York County Militia. 

"Feby. 11, 1777, Capt. Venersdelen of Col. McPhersons battalion. 

"Sept. 13, 1777, Third Class of Militia called out. 


"Oct. 23, 1777, Fourth and Fifth classes called out. 
"Oct. 13, 1779, Three classes called out for three months. 

"March 14, 1781, Two classes of Militia called out to guard Convention Prisoners 
"Feby. 23, 1782, Classes of Militia called out to guard prisoners. 
"Feby. 23, 1782, Seventy-five men to Fort Pitt. 

"Sept. 23, 1783, The Sixth battalion complained concerning the election of its 
officers. ' ' 

The County Lieutenants of York county to direct the organiza- 
tion of troop.s, collect fines and make disbursments, &c., were: 
Richard I\IcAlli.ster, appointed 1777; Wm. Scott, 1780; Sub Lieu- 
tenants Hans Morrison, Robert Stevenson, John Hay and James 
McCandless, appointed 1777; John Trevis, 1778; Matthew Dill 
and John Agnew appointed 1779; Matthew Dill, Henry Slagle,' 
Wm. Ross and James Dixon appointed 1780; Wm. Alexander, 

Col. Henry Slagle. 

Col. Henry Slagle (Schlegel) was born in Lancaster county. Pa. 
in 1725, and was a son of Christopher Schlegel, who came from 
Saxony to Pennsylvania^in 171 3. The following year he took up 


[Old Print.] 

a large tract of land on the Conestoga, and built a mill. In 1737 
he located in Berwick township, York county, on Slagle's Run, 
His four sons were : Henry, Daniel, Jacob and Christopher (the 

1 Note I. 


latter of Capt. George Eichelberger's Company of 1775 and of 
Christopher Lowman's Company, 3 Bat., 1778.) Col. Slagle was 
commissioned one of the Provincial Magistrates in October, 1764, 
and continued in the office by the convention of 1776, In Decem- 
ber, 1774, he served on the Committee of Inspection for York 
county. In 1775 he was elected Lieut. Col. of the Third Battal- 
ion, and on June 18, 1766, was a member of the Provincial Confer- 
ence, and of the Provincial Convention of July 15. He was ap- 
pointed December 16, 1777, by the Assembly to take subscriptions 
for the Continental Loan, and in November, 1777, acted as one of 
the Commissioners which met at New Haven, Conn., to regulate 
the price of Commodities in the Colonies. He represented York 
county in the General Assembly from 1777 to 1779. In 1779 he 
was Col. of the 8th Bat., York County Militia. He was appointed 
Sub-Lieutenant of York county March 30, 1780; one of the Au- 
ditors of Depreciation Accounts of York county March 3, 1781 ; a 
member of the Constitutional Convention 1779-80 ; Commissioned 
by Gov. Mifflin, one of the Associate Judges of York county, Aug- 
ust 17, 1 781, and continued as such on the organization of Adams 
county, 1800, which he represented in the Legislature in 1801-2. 
Col. Slagle was the progenitor of the well-known Slagle family so 
numerous in Hanover and Adams county. 

He was the father of David, Adam, George and Joseph Slagle, 
late of Winchester, Va. Joseph, in 1807, married Margaret, daugh- 
ter of Rudolf Spengler.' 

Conscriptions in 1781. 

Front York Cotcrt House Records. 

The following were sent to designated persons in each borough and township in 
York county: 

January 30th, 1781. 

Agreeable to a late Act of Assembly, entitled "An Act to compleat the Quota of 
the Fcederal Army," passed in the last Sessions, you are classed together, and re- 
quired to provide, in fifteen Days from this Date, one able-bodied Recruit for the 
Continental Army, to serve during the War; such Recruit, whan enlisted and en- 
tered in the Army, to be entitled to receive from the Public a Suit of Cloaths each 
Year, and to be entitled at the End of the War to Two Hundred Acres of I^and, 
and all other Pay, Gratuities and Exemptions, to which other Soldiers in the I^ine 
' Ante. p. 210. 


of this State are or shall be entitled. Such Recruit, when engaged by you, is to 
be taken to some Justice of the Peace for his Approbation, and to be attested, and 

then delivered by you to the Lieutenant or Sub-Lieutenant of the County. On 

Failure hereof, your Class will be liable to pa}' Fifteen Pounds Specie, State 
Money, or the new Continental Money, issued pursuant to the late Laws of this 
State, or an Equivalent in old Continental Money, viz. Eleven Hundred and 
Twenty-five Pounds, to be levied upon you respectively, as the Taxes now are. 
We are. Gentlemen, 

Your obedient and very humble Servants, 

JNO. TEMPLER I Commissioners. 


Agreeable to a late act of assembly passed the 25th of June, 1781, entitled, "An 
act for recruiting the Pennsylvania line in the army of the United States," You 
are required to enlist, for the term of eighteen months from the ist of July 1781, 
and deliver to the under mentioned continental officers, or either of them, within 
fifteen days from this date, one able bodied recruit, (not being a deserter from the 
army or navy of the united states, or the British anny) such recruit, when enlisted 
and entered into the Penns3'lvama line, to :v.-ceive the same pay, rations and 
clothes as the troops of this state now in the service of the united states, and also 
half pay during life, if disabled in the service. Such recruit to be also attested be- 
fore some justice of the peace. — On failure to procure such recruit, or making 
return to the assessor of your township, ward or district, your class will become 
liable to pay such sum of money as the commissioners, township, ward or district 
assessors shall agree to pay any recruit which shall be engaged by them respect- 
ively for your class. 

We are, gentlemen. 

Your obedient humble servants, 

PHILIP ROTHROCH, \ ^ ,^^,-ec,-r..,«rc 

JOHN TEMPLER, i ^ ■«i^^s«°'^ers. 

N. B. Agreeable to the tenth section of the above act, any person enlisting and 
delivering to the proper officers one able bodied recruit, shall be exempted from 
all militia duty during the above term of enlistment. 

The recruits are to be delivered to the following officers, viz: 

York: Major James Moore, or captain Burke, at M'Callister's town. 

Incomplete lyiST of York County Revolutionary Companies 

AND Soldiers, Found in the Pennsylvania Archives, 

(New Series), and American Historical Register. 


Coi,. Ww^. Thompson's Battai.ion. 

Captain, Michael Doudel. John McCrary. 

1st. Lieut., Henry Miller. .John McCnrt. 

2nd. Lieut., John Dill. .Toshua Minshall. 

3rd. Lieut., James Matson. James Mill. 

Corporal, Walter Cruise Edward Moore. 

1 10 Pa. Ar. N. S. 20. (See Note 47.) 


Kobert Armor. 
George Armstrong. 
John Beverly. 
Christian Bettinger. 
John Brown. 
Thomas Campbell. 
John Clarke. 
William Cline. 
William Cooper. 
George Dougherty. 

John Douther, 
Abel Evans. 
John Ferguson. 
Eobert Graft. 
fTohn Griffith. 
Joseph Halbut. 
Eichard Kennedy. 
Thomas Kennedy. 
Daniel Lelap. 
Abram. Lewis. 

John McAlister. 
David Eamsey. 
Matthew Shields. 
Jacob Staley. 
Andrew Start. 
Patrick Sullivan. 
Isaac Sweeney. 
Tobias Tanner. 
John Taylor. 
Cornelius Turner. 

CoL. Samuei,' Pknn'a Rifle Regiment. 

Capt., Philip Albright 

1st. Lieut., John Thomson. 

1st. Lieut., Cornelius SherifP. 

2nd. Lieut., William McPherson. 

."^rd. Lieut., Jacob Stake. 

Sergt., Thomas Wilson. 

Sergt., James Willev. 

Sergt., Eobert Tate. " 

Sergt., James Geddes. 

Quarter-Master Segt., Andrew Lytle. 

Drummer, John Harden. 

John Awl. 
Eobert Barron. 
Ludwick Beltzhover. 
Andrew Boned. 
Alexander Boyd. 
William Branon. 
John Brown. 
Michael Burk. 
Jacob Busham. 
Edward Carlton. 
George Conrad. 
Henry Croan. 
John Crookhani. 
James Cuxel. 
Eachford Duffield. 
Hugh Ferril. 
Michael Fink. 
Thomas Foster. 
Jacob Newman. 
Patrick Glen. 
Hugh Gobin. 

James Gordon. 
John Grearley. 
John Gregg. 
Eobert Gregg. 
George Helm. 
Jacob Helsley. 
John Hendry. 
William Hollan. 
John Hudson. 
James Hutchinson. 
Jonathan Jacobs. 
William James. 
Philip Kennedy. 
Michael Killean. 
Eobert Kilpatrick. 
William Kilpatrick. 
Hugh Eeed. 
Thomas Knee. 
Conrad Lead. 
Jacob Leavingston. 
John Lutes. 

Samuel Malseed. 
Henry McBroom. 
James McCay. 
Hugh McClughan. 
Daniel McCown. 
Patrick McCown. 
John McElnay. 
James McFarlane. 
Patt. McGinish. 
Bartholomew McGuire. 
Daniel McNeal. 
James ^lorrison. 
Joseph Morrison. 
Joseph Myer. 
John Ehinehart. 
Adam Eubart. 
Christian Eyan. 
Michael Eyan. 
Henry Shadow. 
John Smith. 
Charles Spangler. 
Terrence Stockdel. 
David Stuart. 
Charles Stump. 
Eobert Sturgeon. 
John Swartz. 
George Trine. 
George Wampler. 
Edward Wells. 
William Welshanoe. 
Thomas Williams. 
Samuel Woods. 

Sixth Penn'a. 

Capt., David Grier. 
Capt., William Alexander. 
Ist. Lieut., John McDowell, 
^'nd. Lieut., McyVlist.-r. 
Ensign, William Nicholns. 
J'^nsign, John Hiighes. 
Sergt., Andrew Walker. 
Sergt., John Knox. 
Sergt., Eobert JefFries. 

1 Pa. Ar. N, .S. 2og. 

Henry McKissack. 
Michael Me^leehan. 
James McMuHan. 
Lawrence Mealy. 
Michael Murphey. 
Dennis Murphy. 
Patrick O'Loan. 
I'eter O'Neil. 
John Pearcy. 

* 10 Pa. Ar. N. S. 167. 


Sergt., John Hayman. 
Corp., James Lawson. 
Corp., Felix Mcillienny 
Corp., David Lethew. 
Corp., Ezra Tomson. 
Drum and Fife, Jarnes H 
Drum and Fife, Mathias 
William Anguis, 
Patrick Barues. 
George Baker. 
Ebenezcr Paclieldor. 
James Barry. 
Robert Beard. 
John Brian. 
Archibald Campbell. 
John Clemmonds. 
Adam Conn. 
George Worley. 
George Conner. 
Charles Conway. 
George Cooper. 
Cornelius Corrigan. 
David Davis. 
Thomas Dulaney, 
John Dorce. 
Charles Doughertj'. 
John Dougherty. 
Alexander Esson. 
John Falkner. 

•lohn Frick. 
itobert Forsyth. 
.Joseph Geddes. 
i^eter Grant. 
Charles Gnscager. 
Charles Gyflnger. 
James Harkius. 
Edward Hickenbottom. 
Isaac Hodge. 
Thomas Hoy. 
Archibald .Jackson. 
JJobert Johnston. 
William Johnston. 
George Kelly. 
Thomas Kelly. 
James Leeson. 
William ^lason. 
Jacol) .Matthews. 
John McCall. 
William ^MeCoy. 
John McDauicl. 
Samuel .\IcGowan. 

James Price. 
William Quiglej'. 
Murtongh Jledinond. 
James Robinson. 
I'atrick Koney. 
Joseph Eussel. 
Patrick Scullion. 
I'eter Schregh. 
Archibald Shaw. 
J ames Shaw. 
Francis Standley. 
I'hilip Shive. 
Michael Schultz. 
I'eter Seidle. 
John Schneider. 
Jviward Spencer. 
James Stevenson. 
Baltzer Svrank. 
George Swartz. 
Peter Swartz. 
John Taylor. 
Jacob Trees. 
Joseph Wade. 
Adam Weaverling. 
Edward Welch. 
Isaac White. 
William Wilkinaoii. 
Joseph Wilson. 
Matthias \Y right. 

Col. Thomas H.a.rti,ky's Regiment, Penn'a Line. 

Capt., Archibald McAllister. 

Lieut., Isaac Sweeny. 

Sergt., John Lesley. 

Drummer, Patrick Connor. 

Drummer, John Elliot 

Thomas Bissel. 

Francis Britt. 

George Britt. 

James Burke. 

James Burns. 

John Carduss. 

AVilliam Chambers. 

John Clarke. 

Robert Clarke. 

Adam Clendennen. 

James Crangle. 

Charles Croxel. 

George Cusick. 

James Dill. 

Lewis Denisay. 

Robert Ellison. 

.John Falls. 
Henry Gardner. 
Richard Harper. 
William Hayes. 
John Hendrick. 
Thomas Herington. 
Thomas Irwin. 
Thomas Judge. 
]\Iatthias Kellar. 
Dennis Leray. 
John McBride. 
John McDonald. 
John ]McGichen. 
William McGinness. 
Henry McGill. 
John McLean. 

James McManamy. 
Samuel McManamy. 
John Mahon. 
Benjamin Missum. 
Thomas INIorrow. 
Corlias ]\Iurray. 
Thomas Nicholas. 
John Page. 
Andrew Patterson. 
Thomas Parker. 
Patrick Roch. 
Paul Terrj'. 
Robert Thompson. 
Christian Timbrooke. 
Thomas Timpler. 
Andrew Walker. 
Andrew Webb. 
Robert White. 
Frederick Wolf. 

Cox,. Robert McPherson's Second B.\ttai,ion. 
Capt., Hugh Campbell. 1st. Lieut., William Lowther. 
1 10 Pa. Ar. N. S. 784. " 14 Pa. Ar. N. S. 770. 


2nd. Lieut., Robert Mcllhinney. 
Ensign, Simon Vanarsdalen. 
Sergt., Cornelius Cosine. 
Sergt., Alexander Will son. 
Sergt., Joseph Hunter. 
Sergt., John Armstrong. 
Corp., Alexander Bogle. 
Corp., James Mcllhinney. 
Corp., John MeCush. 
Corp., William Leach. 
Drummer, John Banta 
Fifer, Andrew Little. 
Arthur Beaty. 
Hugh McLaughlin. 
William Duffield. 
Samuel MeManemy. 
Jacob Smock. 
Francis Monfort. 
Benedict Yeary. 
Benjamin Leach. 
Robert Barbar. 
James Hutchinson. 

Charles Orr. 
Robert McGown. 
Thomas Orbison. 
Hugh McWilliams. 
William McCance. 
Jacob Swiser. 
John Cumingore. 
Nathaniel Porter. 
Abraham Brewer. 
Lawrence Monfort. 
John Sage. 
David Casart. 
Henry Little. 

Robert Stewart. 
William Carsman. 
John McCance. 
Abrani Banta. 
J oseph Weast. 
John Hope. 
John Willson. 
Charles Timmons. 
Andrew McKiney. 
Andrew Shiley. 
Frederick Shetz. 
Henry Little. 
Peter Miller. 
Andrew Hunter. 
James Lyon. 
Nicholas Millar. 
Patrick Hogan. 
Farrah Doran. 
Stephen Giffen. 
James McCreary. 
Orbin Wence. 

First Penn'a Line. 

Capt., Henry Miller. 
1st. Lieut., James Mat? 
2d. Lieut., John Clarke. 
William Allen. 
Robert Armor. 
George Armstrong. 
John Bell. 
John Beverly. 
Christian Bittinger. 
Richard Block. 
George Brown. 
John Burke. 
Thomas Campbell. 
William Carnahan. 
John Clark. 
Robert Conyers. 
William Cooper. 
Thomas Crone. 
George Dougherty. 
John Douther. 
Able Evans. 
Thomas Fanning. 
John Ferguson. 

William Goudy. 
Patrick Graft. 
John Griffith. 
Thomas Griffith. 
Joseph Halbut. 
Robert Harvey. 
John Humphries. 
Edward White. 
Richard Kennedy. 
Thomas Kennedy. 
John Leiper. 
Abraham Lewis. 
John Line. 
Charles Liness. 
John McAllister. 
John McCray. 
George McCrea. 
.Tohn McCurt. 
Joseph McQuiston. 
James Mill. 

Joshua Minshall. 
Edward Moore. 
James Morrison. 
Patrick Murphy. 
John Patton. 
Patrick Preston. 
Michael Quin. 
John Quint. 
Andrew Sharp. 
John Shaven. 
Joseph Shibbey. 
Matthew Shields. 
James Smith. 
Jacob Staley. 
Andrew Start. 
Alexander Sevens. 
Patrick Stewlan. 
Matthew Stoyle. 
Tobias Tanner. 
John Taylor. 
William Taylor. 
David Torrenee. 
Timothy Winters. 

Coi.. Matthew Dii,i.'s Fifth Battawon. 

Capt., William Mitchell 
1st. Lieut., Joseph Elliot. 
2nd. Lieut., Henry Shaffer. 
Eneign, Lawrence Oats. 
Segt., John Lewis. 

Robert Torbit. 

1 10 Pa. Ar. N. S. 335. 

Nicholas Shotto. 

William McGlochlin. 
Daniel Williams. 
William Cooper. 
John Cooper. 
Brain ard Stroyner. 
Thomas Ramage. 

2 14 Pa. Ar. N, S. 478, 


Allen Torbit. 
Thomas White. 
John Hall. 
Francis Bogg-s. 
Patrick Shannon. 

Peter Kisser. 
John Snllivan. 
John Bowey. 
John Williams. 
Benjamin Coble. 

John Sickleman. 
James White. 
Alexander White. 
William Sullivan. 


Philip Miller. 
Peter Kiefer. 
John Shiver. 
Jacob Becker, Jr. 
George Foulk. 
Jacob Long. 
Paul Druy. 
Valentine Starr. 
Herman Oberdorfl'. 
John Scneiter. 
Nicholas Meyer. 
Jacob Greiger. 
Christian Grieft. 
Casper Werfel. 
Anthony Zidnier. 
Abraham Herb. 
George lleber. 
Jacob Pott. 
Matthias Frey. 
Jacob Belong'. 
George Shriver. 

One of the Five Batxauons. 

Henry Hefner. 
Adam Huber. 
Christian Keiff. 
George Peiss. 
George Gerber. 
Henry Scwasch. 

[Mechoir Schaum. 

Jacob Hefner. 
Andrew Helwig. 
Michael Satler. 
Jacob Langalt. 
:Michael Carl, 
(ieorge OberdorfE. 
Adam Sweiger. 
Andrew Ziegler. 
John Eburr. 
Jacob Huder. 
Herman Emericlc. 
Christian Hoch. 
Daniel Scwasch. 
.\braham Lemritz. 

Sebastian Herb. 
Christian Gerber. 
Conrad Reiss. 
Christian Reiss. 
Thomas Hunt. 
Philip Shiver. 
JacoD Shofer. 
Adam Zidnier. 
George Huber. 
John Schuler. 
Michael Reider. 
Henry Reiff. 
Christopher Foulk. 
Carl Geiger. 
John Albrecht. 
John Shiver, (Shier). 
iSicolas Lemritz. 
George Druy. 
Philip Wanemacher. 

Col. Mchaei< Swoope's Battalion. 

Sergt., Peter Haak. .Tames Dobbins. 

Sergt., Henry Counselman. Henry Miller. 

Sergt., John Dicks. James Berry. 

Corp., John Adlum. .lames Bay. Henry Hoff. 

David Parker. Joseph UpdegraPF. Daniel Shultze. 

Hugh Dobbins. Christian Strohman. William Lukens. 

John Strohman. Daniel Miller. 


Sergt.. John Wynn. 
Sergt., Samviel Edgar. 
Sergt., John Rhea. 
Corp., Michael Eley. 
Corp., Archibald Goff. 
Corp., Christian Nogel. 
Drummer, John JefPrys. 
Malcolm Black, 
(ieorge Branyar. 
Richard Cogan. 
Benjamin Foy. 
William Grace. 

Tenth Penn'a. 

Edward Helbon. 
William Leech. 
Patrick LafPerty. 
James McCray. 

.Tames McKenzie. 
Timothy McNamara. 
Thomas Moore. 
John Pierce. 
Jeremiah Richardson. 
Christopher Reiley. 
William Short. 
Thomas Scott. 
Lawrence Sullivan. 
Martin Sullivan. 
Stephen Talkentine. 
N^athauiel Webber. 

1 15 Pa. Ar. N. S. 639. "- 15 Pa. Ar. N. S. 641. ^ jq pa. Ar. N. S. 724 ; 15 Pa. Ar. N. S. 5J0. 


Ninth Penn'a Link. 

Sergt., Daniel Vanderslice. 
Sergt., Hugh Hearren. 
Sergt., Samson Demj)sey. 
Corp., Samuel Woods. 
Corp., Christian Young 
Drummer, George Stewart. 
George Alfred. 
Henry Harper, 
George Pention. 
Thomas Summer. 
Adam Coch. 
Daniel Salliday. 
Daniel Benhart. 
Frederick Raimeck. 
Jacob Powles. 
Laughlin Morrison. 

Thomas Powel, 
Francis Matthews, 
Patrick Rock. 
Andrew Shafer. 
Robert f^agen. 
James Haines. 
James Kallahan. 
(Jeorge Shafer. 
John Connely. 

James Allison. 
Philip BriuUs. 
John Davis. 
John Farmer. 

MAY 20, 1781.2 

Second Penn'a Line. 

Nicholas Howe. 
Samuel Lacount. 
Valentine Miller. 
Daniel Netherhouse. 

Peter Mager. 
John Allison. 
Robert Armstrong. 
John Davis. 
Michael Henderliter. 
George Hister, 
Simon Lank, 
Samuel Lewis, 
Joseph Parker, 
Thomas Rendals, 
Nathan Roberts. 
Charles Stewart. 
John Stewart. 
Jonathan Thomas. 
James Young. 

James Sedwick. 
i^lalthew Tiirney. 

Second Penn'a Line. 

Sergt., Gerard Riddle. 
Sergt., Robert McKillip 
Sergt., Andrew Ralston 
Corp., George Roberts. 
Corp., Robert Herring. 
Coip., Robert McLough 
Drummer, John Bayles. 
Fifer, William Johnston 
Andrew Dilman. 
James Martin. 
.John Frazer. 
Thomas Zermins. 
Michael Regan. 
Francis Regan. 
William Butler. 
Robert Young. 
Thomas Malser. 
Hugh Twik. 
John Notestain. 
George Limrecks. 
Leonard Hinkel. 


Lewis Carpenter. 
Michael Fink. 
Bal?er Maze. 
William Gristock. 
Godfrey Devey. 
David Alspaugh. 
Patrick McNay. 
John Winsley. 
Thomas Knee. 
Cornelius Dwyer. 
Michael Wheciant. 
Henry Musketnough. 

Thomas Smith. 
James McQuillen. 
Michael Curts. 
Phillip Smith. 
Francis Keel. 
George Conrad. 
Stophel Stainhighel. 
John Burney. 
Andrew Brock. 
Peter Messersmith. 
Jacob Shrifiey. 
Adam Musketness. 
John Graceley. 
Bejaniin Bagg. 
William Wilkens. 
Hugh Hughs. 
Joli Faraday. 
James McCiay. 
Michael Redman. 

Tenth Penn'a. 

Sergt., John Wynne. 
Sergt., Samuel Edgar. 

Timothy McNamaro. 
Charles Fulks. 

Richard Harding. 
George Webb. 

> 10 Pa. Ar. N. S. 682. a 10 Pa. Ar. N, S. 413. ^ 15 Pa. Ar. N. S. 427. * 15 Pa. Ar. N. S. 503. 


Sergt., John Ray. 
Corp., Michael Elly. 
Corp., Martin Sullivan. 
Drummer,John Jetfrys. 
Fifer, Martin Ashburn. 
John Pierce. 
James McCray. 
Richard Coogan. 
George Montgomery. 
William Short. 
Jacob Stillwell. 
Nathaniel Webber. 

John Gettiss. 
William Leech. 
Lawrence Sullivan. 
Samuel Dickson. 
James Pratt. 
John Funk. 
John Stammers. 
Christopher Reily. 
John Chappel. 
William Williams. 
Edward Helb. 
Rudolph Crewman. 

Stephen Falkenstine. 
Daniel Forker. 
Patrick Coyle. 
James McLaughlin. 
William Grace. 
Benjamin Toy. 
Thomas Moore. 
jNlalcom Black. 
Patrick Collins. 
Bastion Maraquet. 

Tenth Battai.ion. 

Col., John Andrew. 

Adjutant, William Bailey. 

Quartermaster, Robert Chambers 

Sergt., M. David Beaty. 

Robert Galbreath. 

.John Hoult. 

Chretson Freet. 

George Stope. 

Philip Hounsley. 

Nathan Grimes. 

Abraham Houghtailen. 

David Danieree. 

Henry Buchanan. 
William Coule. 
Samuel McCush. 
George McCans. 
James Weer. 
Joseph Boagel. 
Benjamin Whitloy. 
William Stragin. 

William Reed. 
John Sarsley. 
John Slammers. 
John Hoover, 
Robert Willson. 
Alexander Bogel. 
William Fleming. 
David Crosate. 
William McGrer. 
Robert Campbell. 
John McCreesy. 

New Ei,EVENTH Penn'a. 

Capt., Isaac Sweeney. 
Lt., Septimus Davis. 
Ensign, William Huston. 
Sergt., Thomas Willson. 
Sergt., John Gray. 
Sergt.,Patrick Clemens. 
Corp., Andrew Miller. 
Corp., Edward Blake. 
Corp., John Smith. 
Drummer, Robert Hunter. 
Fifer, John McElroy. 

George Carman. 
John Edgar. 
William Fields. 
Hugh Forsythe. 
James Hines. 
Andrew Kelley. 
Roger O'Bryan. 
Valentine Stickle. 
Hugh Swords. 
William Wilson. 

Guarding Prisoners at York, 

Capt. .Andrew Foreman. 

Lt., Henry Hostater. 

Ensign,Richard Divine. 

1st. Sergt., Gilbert McMaster. 

2nd. Sergt., LawrenceClimer. 

.^rd. Sergt., Jacob Brothers. 

Drummer, George Slaglem. 

Corp., Nicholas Newman. 

Corp., Adam Lokenbach, 

Corp., Jacob Heaflich. 

Abraham Venarsdal. Philip Hull. 

» 15 Pa, A r. N. S. 657. 

-' n Pa, Ar. N. S. 65. 

Heni-y Gammender, 
George Sower. 
John Boocher. 
Gard Vanarsdal. 
Caspar Nowel. 
Michael Snider. 
Nicholas Masenhimei". 
John Long 
Peter Garret. 
Aron Auten. 
Peter Trine, 

3 14 Pa. Ar. N. S. 529, 




Michael Bargett. 
Arnold Lives. 
Philip Milhof. 
Manuel Zigler. 
Jacob Wertz. 
George Gelwixs. 
William Michael. 
Ludwig Sherets. 
Oswalt Dups. 
John Stier. 
George Clemnier. 
Frederick Wegand. 
Adam Werging. 
Joseph Little. 
Valentine Sharrer. 
John Smith. 
Peter Chink. 

Kichard Persyib. 
Whil. White. 
John Koarback. 
Henry Beare. 
George Miller. 
Eliah Rinehart. 
Thomas Hughes. 
John Marshal. 
Peter Terence. 
PhiMp Freeman. 
DijTid Becker. 
>>ieholas Belts. 
George 'Wickert. 
Adam Wagoner. 
John Kisinger. 
Frederick Dolhammer. 
Leonard Eavenston. 

John Clark. 
William Wagon3r. 
George RitseH. 
Christopher Swartz. 
Jacob Butt. 
Conrod Moul. 
John White. 
Michael Grove. 
Mathias Epley. 
Jrhn Kiloanr.on. 
Jacob W^inter. 
Balser Vernor. 
Jacob Brickert. 
John Ag'^ton. 
.John Brigner. 
Joseph Perrel. 
John Eichelberger. 

William Kernahan. John Bother. 

Leonard Baumgartel. 
John Glehmer. 
Lewis Shelly. 
John Michael Koch. 


George Bealer. 
Conrad Stengle. 
Adam Brandhefer. 

Conrad Pudding. 
John Eirach. 
Owen Cooley. 


Frederick Boyer. 
Martin Miller. 

William Formshell. 
Edward Smith. 

LIGHT HORvSE, 1781. 

j Capt., William Mcl'herson. 
! Lt., Robert Morrison. 

James Gettys, cornet. 

John Bennington. 
Michael Kyall. 
John Kelley. 
James Ryburn. 
Frederick Leader. 

Jacob Kremer. 


John Johnson. Robert Ditcher. 

Samuel Laughlin. Patrick Dixon. 

Alexander Martin. .Tames Baker. 

George Stewart. Jolm Lochert. 
William Bergenhoff. 

Jacob McLean. 

Joiin Richcreek. 

Andrew Grotty. 
George Seitt«l. 
John McMeehan. 

John Deveney. 

William Brown. 
Michael Weirich. 


Christian Pepret. 
Andrew Shoeman. 
John Cavanaugh. 

William Smith. 
John Anderson. 

Athonv Leaman. Adam Shuman. 


Joel Gray. 
Mathias Young. 

Ludwig Waltman. 


John Browu. 


.lolin Tate, I']iisij4n. Samuel Spicer. 

Stephen Ste])liens()ii, promoted, Leonard Weyer. 

Capt., Adam Davidson. 
Samuel Jamie.son. George Heffelfinger. 


James Lang, Captain, promoted from Lieutenant in Alice's Regiment. 
Samuel Spicer. Leonard Weyer. 

Robert McMurdie, Brigade Chaplain. 


Martin Bloomenstine. 
Dedlove ShaddoAV. 
Jonn Ilichcreek. 

Joel Gray. 
John Snyder. 
Kobert Casebolt. 

William Brown. 

Matthew Farney. 


Michael Frick. 
•Tohn Cunnius. 
Philip Graham. 
Kobert McCullough. 
]\eal McGary. 

John Barr. 
Dennis Dailey. 
John Graham. 
William IVicL/ean. 
George Blakely. 

Edward Denny, 
.lolin Green. 
John ivicDowell. 
Thomas Nugent. 


Captain John Alarshall, Successor to Capt. Philip Albright. 
Robert Sturgeon. John Awl. Edward Carlton. 

Patrick McGinnes. Joseph Myers. 'x'errence Stockdale. 

William Welsnance. Samuel Woods. 


From American Historical Register. 

jMichael Long. 
Samuel Crawford. 
Kobert Campbell. 
.Tames Brown. 
John Mollin. 
Robert Garret. 
Ulrich Fanlkner. 
William Kerr. 
Charles Boyles. 
Kobert ]Magee. 
Thomas Collins, 
.lames Berry. 
.Tesse Lester. 
George Sinn, 
^lathias Crout. 

James Robertson. 
John Kimmins. 
Jacob Harrington. 
William Williams, 
ifames McDonough. 
.Tames Mclntyre. 
Thomas McGee. 
John Malone. 
.Tohn McKinney. 
Peter Geehan. 
Samuel Woods. 
INIartin Hart. 
George Corkingdate. 
John Allen. 
John Summerville. 

V]dward Butler. 
Patrick Preston. 
Timothy Winters. 
Baltzer Barge. 
John Campbell. 
Edward Fielding. 
James Dougherty. 
Evan Holt. 
Daniel Johnston. 
Michael Jones. 
Patrick Kelly. 
Kobert Keenan. 
.Tohn Leonard. 
Thomas Maltzer. 
James Morrison. 


James McLean. 
William Welshauce. 
Peter aiiversole. 
William Morris. 
Thomas Stewart. 
Felix McLaughlin. 
Edward Lardner. 
John McNair. 
William Pilmore. 
Thomas Winters. 
John Gower. 
John Callahan. 
James Bradley. 

Edward Blake. 
Daniel Campbell. 
Henry Crone. 
Hugh Henley. 
Thomas Hamilton. 
Frederick Snyder. 
Michael Wann. 
Peter Myers. 
Michael Kurtz. 
Samviel Allen. 
George Alberton. 
James Allison. 
Hugh Henderson. 

Patrick Ryan. 
Pater McBride. 
Thomas Moore. 
Thomas Katen. 
William Bradshaw. 
James Welsh. 
Marty Sullivan. 
Andrew Crothy. 
John Fonder. 
John Vandereramel. 
George Young. 
John Whiteman. 
John Unkey. 


Not INCI.UDKD IN Coiv. Swoope's Battauon Captured at Ft. Washington. 

Ensign, Thomas Reed. 

Capt., Henry Lewis. 
Capt., Heniy Clayton 

Capt., Hugh King. 
Ensign, Jacob Myers. 


Chi'istian Quiggle. 
Jacob Klingman. 
Patrick Gibson. 
Ensign, Elisiha Grady. 

Henry Beard. 
Alexander Frew. 
Geo. Gelwicks. 
Capt., Peter Ickes. 

2nd. Lt., Wm. Young. 
Charles Wilson. 


John Schneider. 
Christian Pepret. 
John Jacob Bauer. 
.Fohn Deis. 
George Lingelfelder. 
j^avid Ramsey. 
Humphrey Andrews. 
Jacob Mayer. 
Robert Ditcher. 
John Taylor. 
Dedlove Shadow. 
Michael Schultze. 

Mathias Kraut. 
Thomas Randolph. 
Samuel Ramble. 
Frederick Boyer. 
Henry Doll. 
John Lockert. 
Thomas Burke. 
Jacob Kramer. 
Joseph Wren. 
Conrad Pudding. 
]\richael Warner. 
John Devinney. 
W^m. Brown. 

John Beatty. 
John Ohmet. 
Jacob McLean. 
l<"rederick Huebuer. 
Joel Gray. 
Michael Weirich. 
Zenos Macomber. 
Anthony Lehman. 
Samuel Spicer. 
Christopher Nerr. 
Wm. Smith. 
Martin Muller. 
Wm. Kline. 

Ensign Jacob Barnitz, born 1758, was granted a pension of half 
pay, lio.oo per month, January 28 and December 8, 1779, by the 
Orphans' Court of York County, "to begin from February 16, 
1778, the time of his exchange as prisoner at New York." 

York County Militia. Commissioned Officers, 1777-8-9. 
col. james thompson's battalion at wilmington, delaware, 

SEPT. 3, 1777. 

1st Co. : Captains William Dodds, 38 men; 2nd Co., Samuel Ferguson, 41 men ; 
3rd Co., illegible; 4th Co., Thomas Latta, 31 men ; 5th Co., John Laird, 32 men ; 
6th Co., Peter Ford, 27 men ; 7th Co., John Myers, 18 men. 



3rcl Co., Cap. Christian Kauffman, ist Lt. John Shaffer, 2nd Lt. Henry Smith, 
Knsign Jacob vStrehr ; 4th Co. , Cap. Daniel May, ist Lt. Andrew Milhorn, 2nd Lt. 
Henry Yessler, Ensign Frederick Spahr. 


Col. James Thompson, 1778; Lt. Col. Samuel Neilson, 1778; Henry Miller, 1779; 
Major James Chamberlain, 1778; William Bailey, 1779. 

ist Co., Cap. William Dodds, 1778, John Ehrman, '79; ist Lt. Nealy, '78, Fred. 
Weare, '79 ; 2nd Lt. Nealy, 78 ; Ensign Jos. Dodds, '78, Peter Swartz, '79. Rank 
and file, 104 men. 

2nd Co., Cap. David Williams, '78, George Long, '79; ist Lt. James McNickle, 
'78, John Korehart, '79; Ensign James Reed, '78, John Smith, '79. Rank and 
file, 78 men. 

3rd Co., Cap. John Shaver, '78, Michael Hahn, '79; ist Lt. Henry Smith, '78, 
Christian Zinn, '79 ; Ensign Jacob Miller, '78, Peter Hank, '79. Rank and file, 
95 men. 

4th Co., Cap. Daniel May, '78, Peter Ford, '79; ist Lt. Andrew Melhorn, '78, 
John Jeffries, '79; 2nd Lt. Henry Yessler, '78; Ensign Frederick Spaar, '78, 
Charles vSpangler, '79. Rank and file, 89 men. 

5th Co., Cap. James Parkinson, '78, Peter Imswiller, '79; ist Lt. James Fagen, 
'78, James Cross, '79; 2nd Lt. Alexander Nesbitt, '78; Ensign John May, '78, Ul- 
rich Sellor, '79. Rank and file, 206 men. 

6th Co., Cap. Benjamin Keable, '78, Michael Kaufelt, '79; ist Lt. Henry Sha- 
ver, '78, Philip Boyre, 79 ; 2nd Lieut. Lawrence Oats, '78 ; Ensign Michael Dush, 
'79. Rank and file, 75 men. 

7th Co., Cap. Francis Boner, '78, Ephriam Penington, '79 ; ist Lt. George Robe- 
net, '78, Charles Barnet, '79 ; 2nd Lt. John Schrote, '78 ; Ensign William Brandon, 
'78, Gotfry Lenhart, '79. Rank and file, 120 men. 

8th Co., Cap. John O'Blainiss, '78; ist Lt. John Polk, '78; 2nd Lt. William 
Johnston, '78 ; Ensign Benjamin Beaty, '78. Rank and file, 106 men. 


Colonel William Rankin, '77-8 ; Lt. Col. John Ewing, '77-8, Moses McLean, '79; 
Major John Morgan, '77-8, John Edie, '79. 

1st Co., Cap. William Ashton, '77-8, Samuel Cabane, '79 ; ist Lt. Malachi Steah- 
ley, '77, Milkeah vShley, '78, William Hall, '79 ; 2nd Lt. James Elliot, '77-8; En- 
sign John CruU, '77, John Carroll, '78, John Murphey, Jr. , '79. Rank and file, 
91 men. 

2nd Co., Cap. John Rankin, '77-8, Thomas Bighani, '79 ; ist Lt. Joseph Hunter, 
'77-8, William McCaj', '79 ; 2nd Lt., John Ashton, '77-8 ; Ensign Daniel McHenry, 
'77-8, John Murphey, '79. Rank and file. 88 men. 

3rd Co., Cap. Simon Copenhafer, '77-S, Robert Bigham, '79; ist Lt. Michael 
Shriver, '77-8, William McMun, '79 ; 2nd Lt. Andrew vSmith, '77-8 ; Ensign, Jacob 
Gutwalt, '77-8, John Sbeakley, '79. Rank and file, 60 men. 

4th Co., Cap. Philip Gartner, '77, Jacob Hiar, 78, James Miller, 79 ; ist Lt. John 
Higher, '77, Adam Barr, '78, James McKinley, '79; 2nd Lt. Jacob Comfort, '78; 
Ensign George Hiar, '78, Barbabus McSherry, '79. Rank and file, 66 men. 

5th Co., Cap. Emanuel Herman, '77-8, Thomas Orbison, '79; ist Lt. William 
Moneyer, '77. William Momer, '78, Joseph Hunter, '79; 2nd Lt. John Rothrock, 
'77, John Bodrough, '78 ; Ensign Harman Hoopes, '78, Robert Wilson, '79. Rank 
and file, 81 men. 

6th Co., Cap. John Mansberger, '77-8, James Johnston, '79 ; ist Lt. Henry Mat- 
thias, '77-8, John McBride, '79 ; 2nd Lt. George Meyer, '77-8 ; Ensign Jacob Kep- 
ler, '77, Jacob Helpler, '78, John McBride, '79. Rank and file, 73 men. 

7th Co., Cap. Yost Herbach, '77-8. William Lindsay, 79; ist Lt. Peter Shultz, 
'77-8, Robert Black, '79; 2nd Lt. Baltzer Rudisill, '77-8; Ensign Michael Ettin- 
ger, '77-8, Samuel Russel, '79. Rank and file, 50 men. 

Sth Co., Cap. William Walls, '77-8, Thomas Clingen, '79; ist Lt. Henry Lee- 


pert, '77-S, Joseph Brown, '79 ; 2ml Lt. John Jordan, '77-8 ; Ensign James Schultz, 
'77, Jacob Sholtz, '78, John McLean, '79. Rank and file, 56 men. 


Col. David Jamison, '78 ; Lt. Col. Philip Albright, '78, Michael Smyser, '79 
Major William Scott. '78, William Ashton, '79. 

1st Co., Cap. Jacob Beaver, '78, Rinehart Bott, '79 ; ist Lt. Nicholas Baker, '78, 
George Philip Zeigler, '79 ; 2nd Lt. John Bare, '78 ; Ensign George Lefeber, '78, 
Phihp Eberd, '79. Rank and file, 106 men. 

2nd Co., Cap. Gotfry Fry, '78, Henry Matthias, '79 ; ist Lt. John Bushong, '78, 
George Meyer, '79 : 2nd Lt. George Spangler, '78 ; Ensign James Jones, '78, 
Charles Hyer, '79. Rank and file, 65 men. 

3rd Co., Cap. Peter Forte, '78, John McMaster, '79; ist Lt. Christ Stear, '78, 
William Bennet, '79 ; 2nd Lieut. Andrew Hartsock, '78 ; Ensign Jacob Welshance, 
'78, John Mapin, '79. Rank and file, 66 men. 

4th Co., Cap, Christopher Lowman, '78, Philip Jacob King, '79; ist Lt. Ephriam 
Penington, '78, Andrew Cross, '79 ; and Lt. John Fishel, '78 ; Ensign Charles 
Barnitz, '78, George Wolf, '79. Rank and file, 72 men. 

5th Co.. Captain Alexander Ligget. '78, Thomas Goald, '79: ist Lt. Robert 
Richey, '78, George Ensminger, '79 ; 2nd Lt. Robert Stewart, '78 ; Ensign, Peter 
Fry, '78, William Nailor, '79. Rank and file, 75 men. 

6th Co., Cap. George Long, '78, Jacob Comfort, '79; ist Lt. Samuel Smith, '78, 
George Meyer, '79 ; 2nd Lt. Conrad Keesey, '78 ; Ensign Samuel Mos.ser, '78, 
Elias Gise, '79. Rank and file, 62 men. 

7th Co., Cap. Michael Hahn, '78; ist Lt. John Mimm, '78; 2nd Lt. Thomas 
'78 ; Ensign Christian Zinn, '78. Rank and file 75 men. 


Colonel John Andrew, '78 ; Lt. Col. William Walker, '78, William Gillelan, '79 ; 
Major Simon Vanarsdale, '78, John King, '79. 

ist Co., Cap. John Calmery, '79; ist Lt. William Hamilton, '78, Samuel Gille- 
lan, '79: 2nd Lt. Jo.seph Pollock, '78; Ensign Adam Weaver, '78, Nathaniel 
Glassco. '79. Rank and file, 58 men. 

2nd Co., Cap. John King, '78, Robert Cample, '79 ; ist Lt. James Eliot, '78, John 
Bodine, '79 ; 2nd Lt. Baltzer Tetrick, '78 ; Ensign William Neely, '78, David Scott, 
'79. Rank and file, 64 men. 

3rd Co., Cap. William Gilliland, '78, David Stockton, '79; ist Lt. Matthew Mit- 
chell, '78, John Riner, '79; 2nd Lt. William Kelmery, '78; Ensign Nicholas Glas- 
cow, '78, Elisha Gready, '79. Rank and file, 67 men. 

4th Co.. Cap. Samuel Morrison, '78, Joseph Pollock, '79; ist Lt. Peregin Mer- 
cer. '78. William Hamilton, '79; 2nd Lt. John Armstrong; Ensign Stephen K. 
Gifiin, '78, Adam Weaver, '79. Rank and file, 64 men. 

5th Co., Cap. John Mcllvain, '78, Josiah Carr. '77; ist Lt. John Range, '78, 
Lewis Vanarsdelin, '79 ; 2nd Lt. Francis Clapsaddle, '78 ; Ensign James Geary, 
'78, John Watson, 79. Rank and file, 74 men. 

6th Co. , Cap. John Stockton, '78, James Elliot. '79 ; ist Lt. John Anderson, '78, 
William Nealley, '79; 2nd Lt. David vStockton, '78; Ensign Elisha Grady, '78, 
Thomas Prior, '79. P.ank and file, 64 men. 

7th Co., Cap. Samuel Erwin, '78, Andrew Paterson, '79 ; ist Lt. William Hough- 
telin, '78, Abraham Fletcher, '79 ; 2nd Lt. Henry Forney, '78 ; Ensign William 
Reed, '78, William Fleming, '79. Rank and file, 79 men. 

8th Co., Cap. Thomas Stockton, '78, James Geery, '79 ; 2nd Lt. Daniel Mentieth, 
'78 ; Ensign Andrew Patterson, '78, George Sheakley, '79. Rank and file, 59 men. 


Col. Joseph Jeffiries, '78 ; Lt. Col. Michael Ege, '78, Francis Jacob Remer, '79 ; 
Major Joseph Spangler, '78, Josepli Wilson. '79. 

1st Co., Cap. John Mayer, '78, Thomas White, '79; ist Lt. Abraham Bollinger, 
'78, Lawrence Helman, '79 ; Ensign Daniel Hum, '78, Francis Winkel, '79. Rank 
and file, ''55 men. 


2nd Co., Cap. Adam Black, 'yS, Acquilla Wiley, '79 ; ist Lt. William Lindsay, 
'78, Adam Hendrix, '79 ; 2nd Lt. David Jordan, '78 ; Ensign Robert Buchanan, 
'78, Andrew Smith, '79. Rank and file, 60 men. 

3rd Co., Capt. William McClane, '78, Peter Zolloinger, '79; ist Lt. David Blyth, 
'78, William Hefer, Jr., '79; 2nd Lt. Benjamin Read, '78; Ensign, William Hart, 
'78, Martin Berkhimer, '79. Rank and file, 64 men. 

4th Co., Cap. David Wilson, '78, Michael Leightner, '79. ist Lt. Robert Rowan, 
'78, Henry Kessler, '79; 2nd Lt.john Thompson, '78; Ensign, John Cotton, '78, 
John Ham, '79. Rank and file, 64 men. 

5th Co., Cap. Joseph Morrison, '78, Henry Ferree, '79; 1st Lt. James Johnston, 
'78, John Snyder, '79 ; 2nd Lt. John McBride, '78 ; Ensign John Buchanan, '78, 
Michael Snyder, '79. Rank and file, 59 men. 

6th Co., Cap. William Miller, '78, Andrew Paly, '79; ist Lt. James Porter, '78, 
John Stump, '79 ; Ensign Barnabas McCherry, '78, Philip Wyland, '79. Rank 
and file, 59 men. 

7th Co., Cap. Thomas Orbison, '78, George Geishelman, '79 ; ist Lt. Robert Mc- 
Elhenny, '78, Andrew Lau, '79 ; 2ud Lt. Joseph Hunter, '78 ; Ensign Robert Wil- 
son, '78, Valentine Alt, '79. Rank and file, 60 men. 

8th Co., Cap. John Paxton, '78, John Shorrer, '79; ist Lt. James Marshall, '78, 
Jacob Barr, '79; 2nd Lt. William McMun, '78, Helfrich Gramer, '79. Rank and 
file, 66 men, 


Colonel William Ross, '78; Lt. Col. Samuel Nelson, '79; Major James Cham- 
berlain, '79. 

1st Co., Capt Laird, '78, Peter Speece, '79; ist Lt. William Reed, '78, John 

Swan, '79; Ensign David Steel, '78, John Snyder, '79. Rank and file, 84 men. 

2nd Co., Capt. Casper Reineke, '78, William Coulson, '79; ist Lt. Jacob Rudisell, 
'78, Christian Keener, '79; 2nd Lt. Simon Clear, '78; Ensign Elias Davis, '78, 
Matthew Dill, '79. Rank and file, 89 men. 

3rd Co., Capt. Alexander Nesbit, '79; Lt. Charles Brou.ster, '79; Ensign Henry 
Dewalt. '78, Lazarus Nelson, '79. Rank and file, 85 men. 

4th Co., Capt. Frederick Kurtz, '78, Andrew Willson, '79; ist Lt. Matthew 

Baker, '78, James Quigly, '79; 2nd Lt. Henry M ; Ensign Charles Vantine, '78, 

William Buns, '79. Rank and file, 85 men. 

5th Co., Capt. Peter Ekes, '78, Francis Boner, '79; ist Lt. John Mullin, '78, 
Thomas Black, '79; 2nd Lt. Jonas Wolf; Ensign George Harmon, '78, Peter Zeig- 
ler, '79. Rank and file, 84 men. 

6th Co., Capt. Leonard Yenswene, '78, William Dodds, '79; ist Lt. John Wam- 
pler, '78, Joseph Dodds, jun., '79; 2nd Lt. Jacob Nucomer, '78; Ensign Ludwick 
Wampler, '78, Adam Guchus, '79. Rank and file, 58 men, 

7th Co., Capt. Andrew Foreman, '78, John Oblanas, '79; ist Lt. Henrj- Sturgeon, 
'78, John Polack, '79; 2nd Lt, Richard Parsell, '78; Ensign James McMaster, '78, 
Benjamin Beaty, '79. Rank and file, 86 men. 

8th Co., Capt. Abraham Sell, '78, Daniel May, '79; ist Lt. Jacob Kitsmiller, '78, 
Andrew Milhorn, '79; Ensign Charles Grim, '79. Rank and file, 66 men. 


Col, David Kennedy, '78; Lt, Col, James Agnew, '78, Adam Winterode, '79; 
Major John Weams, '78, Joseph Lilley, '79, 

1st Co., Capt. Thomas Latta, '78, Simon Clare, '79; ist Lt. Robert Fletcher, '7S, 
Frederick Eyler, '79; 2nd Lt. Samuel Cobain; Ensign Henry Shultz, '79. Rank 
and file, 69 men. 

2nd Co., Capt. Thomas White, '78, Michael Carl, '79; ist Lt. Robert GefFries, 
'78, Adam Hooper, '79; 2nd Lt. John Geffries, '78; Ensign Alexander Lee, '78, 
Henry Felty, '79. Rank and file, 57 men. 

3rd Co., Capt. John Miller, '78, Conrad Shorets, '79; ist Lt. Peter Smith, '78, 
Henr>^ Dewalt, '79; 2nd Lt. John McDonald, '78; Ensign Quiller Winny, '78, 
Anthony Hinkel, '79. Rank and file, 60 men. 

4th Co., Capt, Abraham Furree, '79, Peter Solinger, '78; ist Lt, Daniel Amer, 


'78, Christian Koeuzan, '79; 2nd Lt. Joseph Baltzler, '78; Ensign Anthony Snider, 
'78, John Smith, '79. Rank and file, 64 men. 

5th Co., Capt. John Arman, '78, Henry Moore, '79; ist Lt. Daniel Peterman, 
'78, Henry Hohsteter, '79; 2nd Lt. Michael Sech, '78; Ensign George Arman, '78, 
Ulrich Hohsteter, '79. Rank and file, 65 men. 

6th Co., Capt. George Gisselman, '78, Andrew Foreman, '79; ist Lt. Frederick 
Hiner, '78, James McMaster, '79; 2nd Lt. Henry Sumrough, '78; Ensign Valentine 
Alt, '78, Peter Foreman, '79. Rank and file, 63 men. 

7th Co., Capt. Jacob Ament, '78, John Wampler, '79; ist Lt. Alexander , 

'78, Adam F'isher, '79; 2nd Lt. Nicholas Andrews, '78; Ensign Adam Clinepeter, 
'78, Christian Gehret, '79. Rank and file, 55 men. 

8th Co., Capt. John Sherer, '78, Peter Ikes, '79; ist Lt. Jacob Hetrick, '78, 
Jonas Wolf, '79; 2ud Lt. Frederick Mayer, '78; Ensign Jacob Bear, '78, Alexander 
Adams, '79. Rank and file, 70 men. 


Col. Henry Slagle, '78 ; Lt. Col. John Laird, '79 ; Major Joseph LiHey, '78, 
David Wiley, '79. 

1st Co., Cap. Nicholas Gelwix, '78, James Maffet, '79; ist Lt. Adam Hoopard, 
'78, James Patterson, '79 ; 2nd Lt. George Gelwix, '78 ; Ensign Henry Felt}', '78, 
Alexander Allison, '79. Rank and file, 86 men. 

2nd Co., Cap. Thomas Manery, '79 ; ist Lt. Isaac McKissick, '78, Thomas Gowan, 
'79; Ensign Thomas Dixon, '88, David Douglass, '79. Rank and file, 62 men. 

3rd Co., Cap. Umphry Andrews, '79, Joseph Reed, '78 ; ist Lt. Robert Smith, 
'78, Elias Adams, 79 ; Ensign Samuel Collins, '78, Allen Anderson, 79. Rank and 
file, 53 men. 

4th Co., Cap. William Grav, '78, John Calwell, '79 ; ist Lt. James Patterson, '78, 
John Sinkler, '69 ; 2nd Lt. Humphries Andress, '78 ; Ensign William McCuUuch, 
'78, James Logne, '79. Rank and file, 69 men. 

5th Co., Cap. James Mofiit, '78, Samuel Fulton, '79 ; ist Lt. Andrew Warick, '78, 
Moses Andrews, '79 ; 2nd Lt. Samuel Moor, '78 ; Ensign Thomas Allison, '78, 
Thomas Dickson, '79. Rank and file, 64 men. 

6th Co., Cap. John Rippy, '78, James Edger, '79; ist Lt. John Caldwell, '78, 
John Campble, '79 ; Ensign John Taylor, '79. Rank and file, 44 men. 

7th Co., Cap. Joseph Reed, 78. Rank and file, 59 men. 

8th Co., Cap. Thomas McNerey, '78; ist Lt. William Adams, '78. Rank and 
file, 54 men. 

NOTE 35. 

(page 158.) 

Gen. Henry Miller. 

GEN. HENRY MIIvLER was born in Lancaster County, 
Pa., February 13, 1751, and was the son of a farmer. 
After having acquired a good English education he read 
law with CoUison Reed, Esq., of Reading, Penna. 
About the year 1760 he moved to Yorktown where he completed 
his legal studies under Samuel Johnson, Esq. He was married 
June 26, 1770. Early in 1775 he was elected First Lieutenant of 
Capt. Michael Doudel's Company of York riflemen, which, on July 
ist, 1775, began its march to Cambridge, Mass., and was the first 
that arrived in Massachusetts south or west of the Hudson, As to 
the brilliant services rendered by this Company against the British 
in front of Boston, see note 47. 

The following sketch was written for the Lancaster Examiner 
of Dec. 9, 1830, by W. C. Carter, with additions by the writer: 

" In 1776. his company with the regiment to which he belonged commanded at 
first by Col. Thompson, and afterward by Col. Hand, marched to New York. In 
1777, on the 12th of November, he was promoted by Congress to the office of Major 
in the same regiment. In the following year [1778] he was appointed Lieutenant- 
Colonel, commandant in the Second Regiment of Pennsylvania. In this latter 
office he continued until he left the army. 

"Capt. Miller was engaged, and took an active and gallant part, in the several 
battles of Long Island, York Island, White Plains, Trenton, Princeton, Head of 
Elk. Brandywine, Germantown and Monmouth, and in a considerable number of 
other but less important conflicts. For his gallantry at the battle of Long Island, * 
Col. Hand directed his promotion. ^ At the battle of Monmouth, he displayed 
most signal bravery. Two horses were, during that conflict, successively shot 
from beneath this youthful hero and patriot ; but nothing depressed the vigor of 
his soul, for mounting a third he was in the thick of the battle. 

"A companion in arms, writing of Miller, in the year 1801, says, 'He was en- 
gaged in most of the battles of note in the Middle States. It would take much 
time to enumerate the many engagements, as such, as are incident to light corps. 
It may, with confidence, be stated, that he must have risked his person in fifty or 
sixty conflicts with the British foe. He served with the highest reputation as an 
1 Note 12, 2 JO Pa. Ar., N. S., 305. 





heroic, intelligent and useful officer. ' In a letter of Washington to Congress dated 
'Trenton Falls, December 12, 1776,' are these words : ' Capt. Miller, of Col. Hand's 
regiment, also informs me, that a body of the enemy were marching to Burlington 
yesterday morning. He had been sent over with a strong scouting party, and, at 
daybreak, fell in with their advance guards consisting of about four hundred Hes- 
sian troops, who fired upon him before they were discovered, but without any loss, 
and obliged him to retreat with his party and to take boat. ' Gen. Wilkinson in 
his memoirs, states that Major Miller of Hand's riflemen, was ordered by Gen. 
Washington to check the rapid movements of the enemy in pursuit of the Ameri- 
can Army, while retreating across the State of New Jersey. The order was so suc- 
cessfully executed, and the advance of a powerful enemy so embarrassed, that the 
American troops which afterward gained the Independence of their country, were 
preserved from the overthrow which would have proved the grave of our liberties. 
In a note of the memoirs, the author says, among other things, ' Gen. Miller, late 
of Baltimore, was distinguished for his cool bravery wherever he served. He cer- 
tainly possessed the entire confidence of Gen. Washington.' To multiply quota- 
tions would be useless, suffice to say that Miller is mentioned by many of the 
American historians, and always with much applause. 

"When Miller first engaged in the war of the Revolution, he had little or no 
other fortune than his dwelling-house. But before the close of the war he was re- 
duced to such necessities to support his family that he was compelled to sell the 
house over the heads of his wife and children. He sometimes spoke of this as a 
very hard case, and in terms so pathetic as to excite the most tender emotions. 
At other times he would say, ' I have not yet done all in my power to serve my be- 
loved country, my wife and children I trust will yet see better days.' 

"In his pleasant manner he was heard to say, as to the house, the sale had at 
least saved him the payment of the taxes. Col. Miller being thus, through his 
patriotism, humiliatingly reduced in pecuniary circumstances, was obliged in the 
spring of 1779 to resign his commission in the army and come to York. Here he 
continued to reside for some years, enjoying the love and affection of his fellow- 
citizens. In October, 1780, he was elected high sheriff of the county of York, and 
as such he continued until the expiration of his term of office in November, 17S3. 
At the several elections in October of the years 1783-S4-S5, he was elected a mem- 
ber of the Legislature of Pennsylvania. In May, 1786, he was commissioned as 
prothonotary of York county, and in August of the same year he was appointed a 
justice of the peace, and of the Court of Common Pleas. In the year 1790 he was 
a member of the Convention which framed the present constitution of the com- 
monwealth of Pennsylvania. He continued in the office of prothonotary until 
July, 1794. In this year (1794) great dangers were apprehended from the en- 
croachments of the English on our western territories. Wayne was at that time 
carrying our arms against the Indians into the western wilderness. Agreeably to 
the requisition of the President of the United States, contained in a letter to the 
secretary of war, dated May 19, 1794, Pennsylvania was required to furnish her 
quota of brigades toward forming a detachment of 10,769 militia, officers included. 
At this time Miller was General of the first brigade, composed of the counties of 
York and Lancaster, and belonging to the second division of Pennsylvania Militia 
commanded by Maj. Gen. Hand. This division, with several others, was required 
to be in readiness to march at a moment's warninsr. 


"In the same year was the 'western expedition,' an expedition occasioned by an 
insurrection in the four western counties to resist the laws of the Union. 

"At this time Gen. Miller was appointed, and went out as a quartermaster-gen- 
eral. In the same year he was appointed, by Gen. "Washington, supervisor of the 
revenue for the district of Pennsylvania. In this office he acted with such ability, 
punctuality and integrity, that no one has ever laid the least failure to his charge. 
But in 1801, Mr. Jefferson having been elected President, Gen. Miller was removed 
from the office of supervisor and was succeeded by Peter Muhlenberg. 

" Cpon this event he left York, November 18, 1801, and removed to Baltimore, 
where he resided for some years as an honest and respectable merchant. At the 
commencement of the war of 1812, his soul was kindled to the former fires of 
youthful feeling. Relinguishing his mercantile pursuits he accepted the appoint- 
ment of brigadier general of the militia of the United States, stationed at Balti- 
more, and charged with the defense of Fort McHenrj' and its dependencies. Upon 
the enemy's leaving the Chesapeake bay, the troops were discharged and Gen. 
Miller again retired to private life. 

"In the spring of 1813, Gen. Miller left Baltimore, and returned to his native 
State, Pennsylvania. He now resided on a farm at the mouth of the Juniata river, 
in Cumberland county, devoting himself, with Roman virtue, to agricultural pur- 
suits. But his country soon called him from his retirement. The enemy having 
again made their appearance from Baltimore, he marched out with the Pennsyl- 
vania troops in the capacity of quartermaster-general. He again after a short time 
returned to Pennsylvania, to reside on his farm at the mouth of the Juniata. At 
that place, like a Cincinnatus, away from the tumult of war, he continued to reside 
until the spring of 1821. At that time being appointed prothonotary of Perry 
county, by Gov. Heister, he removed to L,andisburg, the seat of justice of that 
county. He continued to live at Landisburg, until he was removed from office by 
Gov. Shultze, in March, 1824. On the 29th of the same month, the L,egislature of 
Pennsylvania began to make, though at a late period, some compensation for his 
important Revolutionary services. They required the state treasurer to pay him 
$240 immediately; and an annuity of the same sum during the remainder of his 
life. But Gen. Miller did not live long enough to enjoy this righteous provision. 
He removed with his family to Carlisle; but he had hardly fixed his abode there, 
and caught the kind looks of his relatives and friends, when he was called by the 
messenger of peace to a distant and far brighter region where the music of war is 
unheard, and the storms of contention are at rest. He was seized with an inflam- 
mation of the bowels and died suddenly, in the bosom of his family, on Monday, 
the 5th of April, 1824. On Tuesday afternoon, the mortal part of the hero and 
patriot was consigned with military honors, to the small and narrow house. 

"In private life Gen. Miller was friendly, social and benevolent. He was gener- 
ous even to a fault. 

" In public life, he had, what Lord Clarendon says of Hampden, a head to con- 
trive, a heart to persuade, a hand to execute. 

" He was one of the founders of the St. John's Episcopal Church of York, and a 
man of great piety and sterling character." 
From Penna. Herald and York General Advertiser York, November 2^, 1789. 

"On the 22nd inst., Henry Miller and Henry Slagle, esquires, two of the mem- 
bers of convention for this county, set ofi" for Philadelphia to take their seats in 
that honorable body. They were accompanied to Wright's Ferry by a number of 
gentlemen from this borough." 

NOTE 36. 

(page; 158.) 

Major John Clark. 

His Autobiography — A Most Brilliant Career in the 


From the York Recorder, March 2,rd, 1818. 

"To the Citizens of York County. — It is with great pleasure that we hear our 
fellow citizen Major John Clark, of the borough of York, [born in Lancaster county, 
Pa., about 1751], has consented to stand a poll for, member of Congress, (in the 
room of Jacob Spangler, Esq., resigned), at the evening election to be held the 
17th inst. An address with a concise history of his merit, and services, during our 
Revolutionary Struggle, for Independence, and during the late war, will be pub- 
lished in the next Recorder. 

"Mr. Hardt — Please to insert the above and oblige many." 

"York Recorder, March loth, 1818. 

"A short history of Major John Clark's merits and services as performed in our 
last paper, to wit : 

" 'I entered the service in June, 1775,^ and marched to the relief of our then suf- 
fering brethren at Boston, and was in the affair of Charleston neck, took some 
prisoners and lost Corporal Cruix soon after. I was promoted and continued a 
lieutenant'-^ in the first regiment until after the battle of Long Island. I was in the 
first skirmish near Flatbush; and then I received a Major's commission in the Fly- 
ing Camp, under the command of Brigadier General Mercer; and in an expedition 
to Staten Island, ^ I took a stand of British colors, of the 23rd Light Dragoons. I 
commanded the advance of 500 riflemen; and the first Hersians taken, or rather 
Waldeckers, fell into my hands about sixty. Soon after this I was detached up the 
North River, and commanded a detachment of 200 men to guard the passes oppo- 
site White Plains, where I remained and fortified it and prevented Gen. Howe's 
army from crossing the Hudson, and formed the rear of the retreating army, until 
the affair of taking the Hessians at Trenton, at which place I collected remains of 
the trophies of victory and kept possession of the town. The day after, I marched 
with 200 men in pursuit of Gen. Stirling and Count Donoss, to AUentown, Hide- 
town and Cranberry (leaving the British in my rear at Princeton). At these two 
places I took a great deal of the enemy's stores, etc., and at Hidetown my advance 
killed the noted Pearson of Jersey, and took thirty British officers. This bold ad- 

' 3rd L,ieut, Capt. Michael Doudel's Company, (Note 47). 

- 2nd l,leut. in Capt. llenry Miller's Company of Col. Hand'.s Regiment, (Note 34). 

-October 15, 1776, Amer. Ar., 5 Ser. Vol. II, pp. 1073-1093. 


vanced corps revived the drooping spirit of the Militia, — and the next morning I 
was noticed by the Commander-in-chief and Generals Green and Reed. 

" 'The former gave a British officer's sword and I was requested to continue in 
service, (for the Flying Camp was now discharged) and sent to join Gen. Mifflin, 
with orders to assist him in arranging the militia ; and was the only officer with 
him, in addressing the New England and Rhode Island regiments at Crosswicks, 
to stay one month longer in service. The next day I was dispatched from Tren- 
ton by Gen. Greene alone to advance ana discover the force of the enemy advancing 
under Earl Cornwallis. This I did and returned to help to form the advance corps 
that received his Lordship ; and continued the cannonade and commanded until 
night. And the next morning I served as Brigade Major to Gen. Mifflin at Prince- 
ton and on our arrival at Norristown I was promoted to the rank of Major and 
Aide-de-Camp to General Greene, and shortly before the affair at Brandy wine, I 
was wounded severely through my right shoulder (which even yet, at times, lays 
me up for many days. ) At the battle of Germantown I took Captain Speak of the 
37th Lfight Infantry. I thought of a plan and digested it to gain immediate intel- 
ligence of the enemies' loss, and the next evening I put it into complete execu- 
tion by great personal hazard and communicated it to General Washington, who 
was so satisfied, that he approved of my conduct, gave me an unlimited command 
and power to act as I pleased ; and I soon discovered the whole of the enemies' 
design and communicated it to General Washington with so much exactness that 
he made the formidable disposition at White Marsh, which disgraced Sir Wm. 
Howe, and his army. I also advised the detaching a brigade to Wilmington, to 
secure it, and the navigation of the Delaware, and General Smallwood was sent ; 
and by this means two of the enemies' ships fell into his hands ; the enemy were 
prevented from having any communication with the tories, etc., between there 
and Philadelphia. In this active employment I continued until my wound in- 
duced me to apply for leave to retire, until my health should recruit, and on the 
2nd of January, 1778, the Commander-in-Chief sent for me and the then Captain 
L,ee, the late Governor of Virginia, and in secret consulted us, (as we had been the 
two eyes of his army) on the practicability of attacking Sir William Howe, then 
near Derby ; taking the hay of Tinicum Island ; or of surprising the corps left in 
Philadelphia. We advised him against either. He was so satisfied that he offered 
me any berth I would point out in his power to give and I declined on account of 
my health. He wrote a mere letter of introduction to the then President of Con- 
gress (Mr. L,aurens) stating my merits and services, and hinting he would if my 
health permitted, recommend me more particularly to the notice of Congress at a 
future time. At this critical period there were parties against that great officer 
and it was known I was one of his warmest friends. Mr. Laurens, in a few days 
after I delivered him his letter, informed me Congress had long thought of estab- 
lishing an Auditor's office in the army under the Commander-in-Chief, to call all 
officers who had received money on account ; particularly the Paymaster ; as 
money could not be remitted fast enough, and that I was appointed. I declined, 
first, on account of my health, and secondly because the money was so depreciated 
I could not subsist, and was determined I would not accept it ; but was informed 
that I would offend Congress, and the Commander-in-Chief also, who had this 
plan much in view. I was assured by the then Board of the Treasury that if I ac- 
cepted it, my depreciation would, at a future day, be allowed me. Under this 
promise I wrote, on the 24th of February, to the President that, ' I would accept 


without any fixed stipulation, and submit to Congress, what compensation should 
be made at a future time, when the work was done. ' I left my family and every 
means of speculation, by which I could have made a fortune, and performed the 
laborious duties of that office (for my colleague, Matthew Clarkson, resigned the 
June following) for two years; till my health was so injured by my extreme 
fatigue, that all the physicians advised me to retire if I wished to prolong life ; in 
November, 1779, I resigned. And, though I accepted the disagreeable office when 
my health could not permit me to do the duty of a military officer, yet this was 
not all the sacrifice : for I actually advanced ^1152 lod. for one of the best teams 
in America to secuie and haul the apparatus of the Auditors, their baggage and 
paper of the office out of my own pocket (as there was not then a sufficiency in the 
Treasury that could be spared) to set the business in a proper train, so that no 
delay might take place. After my resignation, I sold the team and the man kept 
me out of the money until I sued him and then he tendered it into Court, and it 
was so depreciated that I declined taking it, so that I lost all that money.' 

"The following commendatory letters are from General Washington and Presi- 
dent Monroe : 

"Headquarters, Vai.i.e;y Forge, Jan. 2, 1778. 

" 'Sir — I take the liberty of introducing Major John Clark, the bearer of this, to 
your notice. He entered the service at the conmiencement of the war and has Rtf 
some time past acted as aid-de-camp to Major General Greene. He is active, sen- 
sible and enterprising and has rendered me very great assistance since the Army 
has been in Pennsylvania, by procuring one constant and certain intelligence of 
the motions and intentions of the enemy. It is somewhat uncertain whether the 
state of the Major's health will admit of his remaining in the military line ; if it 
should, I may perhaps have occasion to recommend him in a more particular man- 
ner to the favour of Congress at a future time. At present I can assure you that if 
you should, while he remains in the neighborhood of York, have any occasion for 
his services, you will find him not only willing, but very capable of executing any 
of your commands. I have the honor to be, etc., 

'"The Hon. H. Laurens. GEORGE) WASHINGTON.' 

" ' Carusi,E, Oct. 6, 1794. 
" 'Sir — Your favor of the 27th ult., was put into my hands in the movement I 
was leaving Philadelphia City and I have had neither leisure nor opportunity of 
acknowledging the receipt of it since, till now. 

" ' I thank you for your polite ofier of attending me to the field ; but my going 
thither, or returning to the seat of government in time for the meeting of Con- 
gress, depends upon circumstances not within my controll, nor of which have I 
such accurate information as to enable me to decide. Nothing short of imperious 
neccessity can justify my being absent from the seat of government while Congress 
is in session. Under this view of the matter, I decline making any establishment 
of a family, unless that necessity should occur, when, in the choice of aid I must 
have regard to considerations of different kinds. 

" ' I am, sir, your obedient servant, 
" ' Major John Clark. GEO. WASHINGTON. ' 

" 'Washington, April i, 1812. 
" ' Dear Sir — Major J. Clark, a Revolutionary officer of merit, an aid-de-camp to 
Gen. Greene, and with whom I was well acquainted, has requested me to make 



him known to you, which I do with pleasure in giving him this introduction. He 
has a claim on the United States for services rendered at that interesting epoch, 
and I wish only to apprise you of his true character, being conscious that it re- 
quires nothing more than a knowledge of it to secure your attentions to his case so 
far as to see that he has justice rendered to him. You will excuse the liberty 
which I take in favor of an old Revolutionary friend. 

" ' With great respect and esteem, I am sincerely yours, 
" 'The Hon. M. Gibson. JAMES MONROE.' 

"Headquarters, 21st September, 1814. 
"The commanding general, in taking leave of Major John Clark, has the pleas- 
ure of offering him his thanks for the zeal and the active services he has volun- 
tarily rendered during his stay at Baltimore, and in its defence. 

" Major General Commanding. 

"Major Clark offered Gen. Smith to advance and attack the British army on 
their landing at North Point and submitted his plan to Col. Howard and Gen. 
Winder who approved of it and said he ought to have the command of the 300 
Pennsylvanians and as many Marylanders and the same number of Virginians, and 
he reconnoitered the ground for that purpose, but it had been given to others. 

"(Something further on the subject will probably be presented to the public in 
our next paper. )" 

"York Recorder, March 17th, 1818. 
"At the battle of Monmouth he carried orders to Major Gen. Charles Lee to at- 
tack and annoy the British army, and helped him to form a regiment who beat 
the British Light Horse and checked their advance, and gave time to form the 
American army under Gen. Washington and carried orders to Major Gen. Lord 
Stirling to send the Commander-in-chief (then in front on the heights of Freehold ) 
two Pennsylvania Brigades with Gen. Wm. Irvine to command them, and then to 
help Lord Stirling to form his division on the ridge of ground, westward in the 
rear of the Morass with the Causeway in front of him, being the left wing of the 
army. The first shot from the enemy's cannon struck the ground, not fifteen feet 
from the Major." 

The following important letter from General Lee to Major Clark 
is in reference to his trial by court-martial for his cqfiduct at Mon- 
mouth : 

"White Pi^ains, September 3, 1773. 
"Sir — I was so thoroughly couvinc'd in my own mind of standing on the firmest 
ground, and of the clearness of having done, and more than barely done my duty 
in the affair of the 28th of June, that I did not take the pains to collect Evidence, 
some I sav'd to save time and trouble to the Courts, but the wonderful industry 
that has been shewn by my Prosecutors to accomplish the ruin of my fame and 
fortunes, and the strange mode in which the tryal has been conducted give me rea- 
son to think that I ought to have omitted not the least evidence for my justifica- 
tion — and as I am reminded (for I really had forgot it) that you can witness some 
very important circumstance on a point on which the greatest stress has been laid, 
I mean orders sent to me by his Excellency and my answer, I must entreat that 


you will favor me with a declaration in writing upon your honour, of what you 
recollect on this subject — and am, Sir, Your Most 

"Obdt humble Servt 


Major Clark has written on the back of this letter the following: 

"Letter, Major-Genl. Lee, Sept. 3, 1778. Answered same day vide copy, &c., 
which I immediately shewed Genl. Washington & his A. D. C's Tilghman & Fitz- 
gerald, & and approved of by them." 

"Mai'or Clark presented petitions to the Courts of Bedford &c. and advocated 
them — got the great road laid out from Sideling Hill, through the Cove, McCon- 
nel's Town and Fort Louden to Chambersburg, and from there to Philadelphia, 
and made the great state road from Philadelphia to Pittsburg, through York 
County. He also did the same respecting the Canal Turnpike, and from thence to 
the Harrisburg bridge. He petitioned the Court and got a stone bridge built over 
the Yellow Breeches creek at Haldeman's forge by the Counties of York and Cum- 
berland, and has now offered to do the same at Beaver Creek, near Berlin, and 
without fee or reward. He also tried to get Congress to fix their permanent seat 
at York — and he did the same by writing to President Monroe, after the burning 
of the Capitol at Washington, he solicited a command to prevent it a year before.' 

" ' New York, April 28th, 1789. 

"'Dear Sir — I am much obliged to you for your friendly congratulations, but 
assure you that in the present state of public affairs, I prefer infinitely the private 
to the public station. However, here I am, and while here, will endeavor to do 
my duty. When the question respecting a federal town shall come on, I have no 
doubt that it will be thought expedient to place it somewhere between the Susque- 
hanna and the Delaware, and that every attention will be paid to the interest of 
the Union, and to the national proposition of the citizens, that can possibly be ex- 
pected. For my own part I shall be in favor of a full hearing to all parties, and to 
an impartial decision upon principles to public interest. 

" ' I remain, dear sir, with every wish for your welfare and happiness, j'our 
friend and humble servant. E. GERRY. 

" 'Col. Clark.' 

" 'New York, Oct. i, 1789. 
" ' Dear Sir — I am favored with yours of the 7th and 22nd of September and for 
reasons which I have not time to enumerate, I have thought that there will be a 
better prospect of giving general satisfaction, by placing the permanent residence 
on the Delaware than on the Susquehanna. But not wishing to oppose the pre- 
vailing opinion of Pennsylvania and the states east of it, excepting New Jersey, I 
voted with them for Susquehanna. The Senate, however, Non-concurred in the 
bill, and this being agreed to by the House, with one amendment, is referred by 
the Senate to the next session. I took no share in the debates, but thought too 
many of the speakers influenced by local views, held forth principles which must 
make unfavorable impression ; I hope, however, liberality will be generally dif- 
fused in the next discussion, and remain, dear sir, your very humble servant. 
" ' Col. Clark. E. GERRY.' 


" 'Cambrage, March 8th, 1812. 
" ' My Dear Sir — I have received your very friendly letter ou the 19th of Decem- 
ber, a short time before the last session of our legislature, and have been so occu- 
pied since, and indeed for the last nine months, as to have had not a day to attend 
to my private concerns, my friends or correspondents. If I can render you any 
service now, by a letter to our members of Congress, I will write one to them 
jointly ; for it may serve you in some instances, although some of the gentlemen 
may hold political principles differing from my own. My present office is the 
most laborious that I ever filled. In this state, the British faction have not only 
exceeded every other in their libellous publications but have literally threatened 
me with fire and sword. I believe, however, they are convinced that such means 
are not effective to prevent a faithful discharge of my office. In case of a war, our 
veteran officers, I trust, will be placed in the highest grades. If I should, at any 
time, go on to Washington it would give me great pleasure to call on you ; and I 
shall always be happy to see you at my rural retreat. Mrs. Gerry has not of late 
years enjoyed good health ; but it is much improved and I flatter myself will be 
fully established. We exceed you in number, having nine children living and 
having lost one. This I shall direct to you at home, as I presume you must have 
left Washington ere this. Accept my best wishes for the welfare of yourself, Mrs. 
Clark, and your amiable young circle, and be assured I remain very sincerely and 
respectfully your friend. E. GERRY. 

'"Col. Clark.' 

"He at his own expense sent the first account by his servant to Congress, then 
at York, and to his friends at Lancaster and York, of the Augusta man ol war 64 
guns and a frigate being blown up, and the defeat of Count Donoss at Red Bank, 
with the loss of 500 men, as per Messrs. Zantzinger and Donaldson's letters, with 
one from Gen. Roberdeau then in Congress. 

" ' Dear Sir — Your favor I acknowledge with many thanks, as it did not fail to 
afford me that real satisfaction and joy, a lover of his country would feel on such 
important and interesting intelligence. I would not detain the messenger longer 
than to repeat my acknowledgments, to beg a continuance of such favors, and to 
assure you that I am, with esteem, dear sir, your most obedient friend and servant. 
•' ' York-town, Oct. 25. 1777. DANIEL ROBERDEAU.' 

" ' Lancaster, Oct, 25, 1777. 
" ' Sir — Your favor with the agreeable news, came to hand yesterday about four 
in the afternoon, which gave general satisfaction and am extremely obliged to you. 
Should anything now happen, shall esteem it as a favor to give me intelligence, if 
not too much trouble. The firing at Fort Mifflin was heard here distinctly, par- 
ticularly theexplo.don, which seemed more like an earthquake than anything else. 
" ' I am, sir, your most obedient humble servant. 


" 'York, Nov. 10, 1777. 
" ' Dear Major — Your favors of the istult., 5th and7thinst., came to hand, the first 
containing a letter for Mrs. Clark, which I forwarded. I am much obliged to you 
for the intelligence you have from time to time transmitted to me ; it has been the 
earliest account which Congress has received of the facts you mentioned. The in- 
habitants of Philadelphia will suffer extremely, should Howe keep possession of 



the city this winter. I am told that beef and bread are excessively scarce and 
dear, and that the poor whigs, whom the enemy have thrown into prison, are in 
want of the necessities of life. My heart feels for them, for I am afraid many of 
them will perish for mere want. I begin to grow uneasy for our brave men who 
garrison Red Bank and Mud Island. I think it probable the enemy will send a 
large force to take those places, as they can have no safety in Philadelphia, while 
we keep possession of the river. Your expeditions on the banks of Delaware was 
very clever, and the finesse you made use of to get the Fendvis men ashore, was 
really entertaining ; after this affair they will suspect the tories, and think they go 
on board their vessels to reconnoitre. I have not yet been honored with a line 
from Gen. Greene ; however sent the cloth and trimmings I had suitable, agreea- 
ble to your directions. Inclosed are the bills — all the buif cloth is now sold — but 
should any of your friends have occasion for blue, green or drab cloth, we can sup- 
ply them. Inclosed I send you the convention of Saratoga, with half sheet of 
news, which perhaps you have not seen. I request you will favor me with a line 
by every opportunity and if I can render you any service here, pray command me. 
Your friends are all well and desire to be remembered to you. 
" ' I am, dear sir, yours affectionately. 
" ' Major John Clark. JOSEPH DONALDSON.' 

(Major Joseph Donaldson was at the date of this letter a mem- 
ber of the Council of Safety.') 

" ' To my fellow citizens of York County with distinction, will you not, as far as 
you can, requite one for past service, and confide in me hereafter ? And to those in 
York, I hope they will believe me their affectionate and zealous friend ; and unite 
in supporting me on the 17th inst., for their member of Congress. 'By their 
fruits ye shall know them.' This is my first asking and it will probably be the 
last. I am, gentlemen, truly yours, 


The present scribe regrets to state that Major Clark was not 
elected a member of Congress in partial recognition and compen- 
sation for his valiant services in the Revolution. 

The following unpublished autograph letter of Gen. Hugh Mer- 
cer, commandant of the Flying Camp is in the possession of Mr. 
Grier Hersh : 

" Perth Amboy, 8th Sept., 1776. 

" Gentlemen — The bearer of this Lt. John Clark has been recommended to me 
by an oflBcer of Rank in whom I can entirely confide, as a person extremely well 
qualified and from his services entitled to a Rank much Superior to what he has 
held. I understand a majority in the 2nd Battalion of York County is vacant to 
which I beg leave to recommend Mr. Clark. Your choice of Him I hope will give 
satisfaction to you & all concerned. I am Gentlemen 

" To Cols. McAllister Very Respectfully 

and Slagle & the Field Your Ob't Serv't. 

officers from York. HUGH MERCER. 

1 Note 34. 


Endorsement in the handwriting of Major Clark: 

"Hotible Brig. Gen. Mercer, 8th Sept. 1776 in favor of 
Major Clark, and I was appointed Major in Col. McAl- 
lister's Regt of Flying Camp then at Amboy." 

Major Clark tendered his services in the war of 181 2-14, and 
offered Gen. Smith to advance and attack the British army on its 
landing at North Point, snbmitting his plans to Col. Howard and 
Gen. Winder, who approved them. 

Major Clark had just commenced the practice of law when the 
troublous times of the Revolution came on. Some years after this 
struggle he resumed his practice, continuing until the time of his 
death. Like most of the lawyers of his day, he " rode the cir- 
cuit," practicing in many of the counties of the State. He was 
the only lawyer present at the opening of the first term of Court 
held in Franklin County, Sept. 15, 1784, on the second story of 
John Jack's tavern. 

He was a man of large frame, fine personal appearance, and 
brave to a fault ; a man of fine mind, was a good lawyer, wrote a 
beautiful hand, and was very sarcastic in speech when he thought 
it necessary to be. He was also a great wit, fond of fun and frolic, 
and hence his company was much sought after. In 181 8, as sta- 
ted, he ran for Congress, and advanced his brilliant soldier record 
in support of his candidacy. But he was defeated, and his great 
services to his country were unrewarded. His property was im- 
mediately after his defeat sold by the Sheriff. He was a promi- 
nent member of the Masonic fraternity, and a vestryman of St. 
John's Episcopal Parish from 1784 to 1791. He resided at the 
soirthwest corner of Market and Beaver streets. He married a 
daughter of Captain Nicholas Bittinger, died December 27, 1819, 
and his remains were buried in St. John's Episcopal Churchyard, 
York. His descendants are all dead. 

The portrait of Major Clark was interred with the remains of 
Julia Clark, his daughter, at her request, in St. John's Episcopal 

NOTE 37. 

(pack 158.) 

The Old Court House. 

Its Bell, Figure of Justice, and Weather Vane — The 

Dwellings Surrounding Court House Square 

AND Blocks Adjacent in 1799, and Years 

Prior and Subsequent. 

THE Court House, in Court House Square, York, was com- 
pleted in 1756, except the steeple, which was built in 
1815 for a town clock; the Market House adjoining on 
the west was erected about 1758, and the State House 
adjoining the former on the east in 1793. 

About the year 1774, a bell was brought from England to York, 
a gift to St. John's Episcopal Church from Queen Caroline of 
England (doubtless the sister of George III, and wife of the King 
of Denmark.) As the church building had no belfry or tower, 
the bell was deposited on the pavement of Joseph Updegraff, Esq., 
in Centre Square, where it remained for some time. It was after- 
wards hung in the tower of the Court House, where it remained 
until the building was torn down. It was there rung on Sundays, 
at the appointed hours of service of St. John's Episcopal Church,' 
When the news of the Declaration of Independence was brought 
to York, James Smith, (a signer of the Declaration) Archibald Mc- 
Lean and others hoisted the bell to the Court House tower or 
cupola, and by them used to ring out the glad tidings far and 
wide. When profane hands, in 1841, demolished this Temple of 
Liberty the bell was removed to the belfry of St. John's Church. 

Above the Judge's seat in the Court room were hung the royal 
** arms of Great Britain," in the rear the " Figure of Justice," and 
on top of the tower was a broad arrow of England, (a mark of sov- 

> Note 25 J^. 


ereignty) for a vane ; both the arms and vane were removed in 
1776. Pulaski was authorized by Congress to raise a command of 
sixty-eight horse and two hundred foot, and York was the rendez- 
vous of his legion before its march to South Carolina. The dash- 
ing legion of Armand de la Rouerie was also recruited here at that 
time, and was afterwards quartered here. It is said that the suc- 
cess of these two foreign leaders gave to the Court House its crown- 
ing ornament — a gilded dragoon in panoply of sword and helmet 
elevated as a vane to replace the broad arrow on the spire. 
Another tradition is, that the arrow was supplanted by a weather 
cock which was used as a target by stray militia men, and being 
in time battered out of shape, the gilded dragoon took its place. 
The clock that belonged to the cupola was secured by Christ's 
Lutheran Church, but has been long since replaced. The Conti- 
nental Congress began its session in this Court House on Septem- 
ber 30, 1777.^ 

The Old Residents in Court House Square and Adjacent. 

The early residents surrounding Court House Square and the 
blocks abutting thereon were: On southwest corner of Square 
and George street (generally called Jail Street because the county 
jail was on it) was Jacob Upp's tavern, before and after 1800; 
in 1816, Dritt and Gardner's store, Michael Gardner's store, 1818, 
followed by Gallagher and Wert's. Next south, 181 2, was Conrad 
Laub's Green Tree Inn, 60 feet front, succeeded, 1816, by Francis 
Jones' store, 1817, by Robert Hamersley's Inn, (sign of James Law- 
rence, Esq.,) where General Jackson quartered in 181 9," followed 
by Thomas McGrath's Inn, 1820, by George Fahnestock's Drug 
store, 1 82 1, and in 1823 ^Y Charles A. Morris' apothecary. Next 
door south came Dr. John Rouse; across Mason alley, in 1805, was 
the last office of Hon. James Smith,^ with his high-porched, blue, 
rough-coated dwelling adjoining, and at the corner of King street 
resided his son-in-law, attorney James Kelly, 

In the southwest angle of the Square, facing north, when the 
Continental Congress sat in the Court House, was the two-story 
frame building in which James Smith had his law office, and was 

1 Note 51. 3Note32. 2Note 53. 

1 2 3 4 5 


1 Section of Market House. 2 Court House, Occupied by the Continental Congress, 1777-8. 

3 State House. 4 Benjamin Hersh's Inn. 5 Gottlieb Ziegle's Inn. 

IjIIi (I Siililrlirrii 


I ^^^i^iC LIBRARY 


occupied during the session of Congress here by the Board of War, 
and Committee on Foreign Affairs, of which the patriot, Tom 
Paine, was secretary; subsequently the house was occupied by 
Martin Austin, tailor, one of whose journeymen was Isaac Singer, 
the famous inventor of the Singer Sewing Machine, who married 
Lizzie Sponsler, of York; in the same angle, west, was the little 
Laurel Engine House before it was removed to North George 

On the southwest corner of the Square and High (now Market) 
street, was the store of William Spangler and Daniel Schriver, 
succeeded, 182 1, by Thomas McGrath's Globe Inn, where Daniel 
Webster and General Lafayette were entertained; next door west, 
1822, came Samuel Spangler's "York House"" with Gen, Jacob 
Spangler's residence adjoining;^ then came, 1816, Col. George 
Hay's "Indian King's" tavern, succeeded, 1822, by John Hay's 
"Indian Queen," the last two were occupied by Colonel Michael 
Swoope and Lt. Col. John Hay during the Revolution; then fol- 
lowed the residences of Charles A. Barnitz, Jacob Upp and Col. 
Thomas Hartley, the latter succeeded by Catherine Dritt; next, 
1816, George Upp, 181 7, Thomas McGrath's boot and shoe store; 
next came Sheriff Jacob Eichelberger, succeeded by Jacob Emmett's 
boot and shoe store; and 1817, followed by other property of John 
Hay, Jr.; then the German Presbyterian church,^ built by Peter 
and Henry Small, 1799, with the residence of Rev. David Candler, 
succeeded by the Hon. George Barnitz, extending to the corner of 
South Beaver street; he by Jacob Glessner, Justice of the Peace, 
and he by Francis Koch, jeweler. 

On the opposite corner, west, was the three-story brick residence 
of Major John Clark, -^ then the largest private building in York, 
and in which, 1816, was the store of H. & J. Love & Co., followed 
by Hammersley and Rosenmiller, and they by A. W. Sterling; next 
came William Wagner's drug store, and adjacent, Thomas Jame- 
son's "Shakespeare Inn;" near Water street was, 1789, the store 
of Michael Hahn, succeeded by Jacob Hahn, 1791, and in 1816, 
by the store of John Schmidt.*' On the southwest corner of High 
and Water streets was the store of Harris and Donaldson, succeeded 
in 1797, by William Nes; in 181 6, by the Inn of Robert Hammer- 

'Note 30. -Ante p. 173. ^Ante p. 1S4. "'Note 25%. Sfjote 36. f'Ante p. 197. 


sley, succeeded by Michael Doudel's "Golden Horse" tavern, after 
wards, 1836, kept by Adam Klinefelter, with the little Active (in 
1816, the Vigilant) engine house adjoining;' next to the Codorus 
Creek came the tan yard of the Doudels, while on the opposite 
bank resided Jesse Spangler. 

The northwest cgrner of the Square and High street, 65 by 230 
feet, was purchased by Baltzer Spengler, Sr., at the laying out of 
York, 1741.^ It was at his house, at the elections of 1749 and 
1750, the famous riots occurred;^ upon his death in 1770, the cor- 
ner of about 25 feet, came under the will, to Daniel Spangler, and 
the remainder to Baltzer Spengler, Jr. John Greer bought the 
corner, and in 1801, and before, had his store there; in 1810, he 
was succeeded by Penrose Robinson aJid Daniel Schriver's 
store, and they by William Nes,^ and later by Demuth and 
Bumgardner. Next to the corner came the "Black Horse" 
Inn of Baltzer Spengler, Jr., in which President Washing- 
ton lodged in 1791.' Upon his demise in 1798, his son Samuel 
Spangler conducted the Inn until 1822, when he was succeeded 
by Henr>' King, and wnthin a few years by John Koontz, and he 
by Jacob Stoehr, as Innkeepers; next came Daniel Spangler, 1801, 
followed by Jacob Upp, and he by George Upp; next, 1801, 
came Craver's hat shop; then, 1801, Jacob Hay's store; then, 1801, 
George Stake, who had as successor. Justice of the Peace Ignatius 
Ivightner; next adjoining, Frederick Rummel's "King of Prussia" 
tavern; then, 1801, Thomas Taylor's store, succeeeded 1810, by 
Garretson and Dinsman; next, 1801, Michael Weidman; then, 
1 801, John Forsythe, and he, 1821, by Jacob Dritt;'' then came 
John Eichelberger's "Buck Tavern," succeeded 1822, by Andrew 
Newman, and he, 1836, by Post-master Daniel Small,' where the 
post office was then kept; next came the corner of Beaver street, 
owned and occujDied, iSoi, as a hardware store, by Peter Dinkel,* 
succeeded by Zeibe Durkee, who built the White Hall hotel, and 
who was followed by John Welsh. 

On the northwest corner of High and Beaver streets was, in 
1 816, the store of Henry Irwin, succeeded by Candor & Stable, 
Henry B. Funk, Penrose Robinson, who later moved next door 

'Note 30. SAnte p. 141, Note 25. s^nte p. 158, Note 38. "Aute p. 20S. 

^Ante p. 140. ^Ante p. 204. s^nte p. 176. *Ante p. 85. 


north, and by Charles Hay. On North Beaver street, east, next to 
Clark alley, north, lived Col. Michael H. Spangler,^ and Dr. John 
Spangler, nearly opposite,^ On High street, second door west of 
Beaver, was the Inn of Captain Philip Gossler, afterwards conducted 
by Major Conrad Laub, and occupied in 1 8 14 by the York Bank ; 
further west was the residence of John Barnitz, Esq., and where 
Dr. Jacob Hay and his sister now live was the residence of Rudolf 
Spengler f the second house east of Water street was the residence 
of Postmaster Peter Spangler, where the post office was kept in 
i8r6 and years afterwards, and the house in which some of the 
Conway conspirators tried to lure Gen. Lafayette into their net ; * 
at the corner, 1836, was T. Smith's "Golden Plough" tavern. 

In the northwest angle of the square were the stores of William 
Goodridge (colored) and John Breneise, with Godfrey Lenhart's clock 
store on the corner of North George street, succeeded by Jacob Drift, 
liquor merchant, and in 1836, by Schreiber, Welsh & Co.; 
between the store and Clark alley was for a long time, a 
vacant lot; north of the alley, 1822, was George Shetter's 
" York Hotel." Archibald McLean occupied the northeast corner 
of the Square and North George street during the Revolution, (it 
was in his house that the Continental Treasury was located during 
the session of Congress here, 1777-8) followed by his son-in-law 
Ensign Jacob Barnitz; adjoining on the north was the tin and copper 
store of Charles F. Fisher,' with Dr. John Fisher, Sr., adjoining ; 
and in 1836, by J. Craumer's "Pulaski" Inn. 

In the northeast angle of the Square was the residence of Gen. 
Henry Miller," succeeded by attorney David Cassat (father of the 
late Mrs. Samuel Small) and he by cashier John Schmidt. 

On the northeast corner of the Square and High street was the 
property of Andrew Billmeyer, purchased by George Small in 
1809, and opened by him as a hardware store, and who had for his 
successors his sons P. A. & S. Small ; next property east was that 
of Elizabeth Billmeyer, occupied in 1812 by George S. Morris and 
Samuel Small's general store, and followed by Charles A. Morris' 
drug store ; next came Jacob Billmeyer, succeeded in 1789 by John 
Greer's store, succeeded by William Spangler's tobacco store ; next 

'Ante p. 161. ^Ante p. i8i. 6 Ante p. 211. 

'Ante p. 172. <Ante p 193, Note 55. ^Note 35. 


came Charles F. Fisher's new tin and copper store ; next came 
Andrew Johnson's, 1773-1789, "Black Bear" Inn, followed by J. 
Craunier, he by Clement Stillinger, (sign of Gen. Jackson), and he 
by William Spangler; then came George Heckert, and Charles 
Mitzel's cigar store; then Peter Ahl; then Col. George Spangler's 
Inn,' (sign of General Washington), succeeded, 1823, ^y John 
Koontz,' and he by Anthony Eck; then followed the residence of 
Dr. William Mcllvain; next at the corner of Duke street, came 
Isaac Kcpner, shoemaker, Jacob Fry, tailor, succeeded by Jacob 
Brown, and Cooper Oram, tailors, and then came the Laurel en- 
gine house, 1824; on the opposite corner resided Philip Heckert. 

On the southeast corner of High street and the Square, a two- 
story brick house was built, in 181 1, and still standing, by Benja- 
min Hersh, as his tavern, the "Golden Swan," followed by Lud- 
wig Michael's tin store, succeeded by Dr. Thomas D. Jameson, 
afterwards Samuel Weiser's store, succeeded by his sons, Jacob and 
Charles; then came Michael Welsh's hat store, then Philip Walte- 
myer's "White Horse" Inn, succeeded by Thomas Metzel's "Turk's 
Head" tavern; Samuel Weiser, hatter, came next; then John 
Irwin's store and tavern, 181 1, succeeded by John Hartman's first 
store, where the Marshall House now stands. 

Where the Court House now stands, came Killian Small, Sr., 
carpenter, succeeded by Peter Small, his son, a carpenter; then 
came Frederick Youse, cow-bell maker, succeeded by Peter Rupp, 
1822; then came the property of Henry Smyser, where the Se- 
curity Title and Trust Company building now is; then Henry 
Hertzog, boot and shoe maker and Dr. Alexander Small at the 
Arcade; next came Henry Small, carpenter, (Keesey property); 
then Esquire George Heckert followed by his son Jacob; then 
came the school and music teacher, Michael Bentz ; then at the 
corner of Duke street was the blacksmith shop of Jesse Hines, and 
as successors, Michael W. Ash, Esq., Peter Debarth, Mrs. David 
Cassat and Charles Weiser. On the next corner east resided Julia 
Odewald, with successors, John Hunter and James Vaughn, and 
Jacob Fry, tailor, in the rear building; second door east lived Mrs. 
John Spengler, Sr.,^ with her son, Sheriff Zachariah Spangler, ad- 

'Ante p. 152. 3Ante p. 224. s^tite p. 213. 


On the southeast corner of the Square and George street was the 
tavern of Gottlieb Ziegle, followed, 1822, by Clement Stillinger, 
and in 1824 by John Hartman; then came Alexander Klinefelter's 
inn with George Haller and Mr. Flory adjoining; then JohnKoch 
succeeded by his son, Richard Koch, silversmith ; at the corner of 
Mason alley was saddler Krafft ; then came Christ German Luth- 
eran church, with the log school house ;" next came Dr. John 
Rouse, and next at the corner of King street stood the large stone 
county jail. 

SNote 25^- 

NOTE 38. 

(page 159- ) 

President Washington's Visit to York in 1791 

Verbatim Extracts from His Diary Recounting His Ex- 
perience Here. Listens to a Sermon in German. 
Address to Him by the Citizens of York and 
His Reply. His Funeral Obsequies 
IN York in 1800. 

A Verbatim Extract from President Washington's Diary 

OF 1 791, IN THE Possession of Dr. J. M. Toner, 

Washington, D. C, and other Extracts. 

"thursda\^ june 30. 

"At Frederick Town, Maryland : June 30. — The business which brot' me to 
Georgetowu being finished & the Comrs instructed with respect to the mode of 
carnv-ing the plan into effect I set off this morning a little after 4 o'clock in the 
prosecution of my journey towards Philadelphia ; and being desirous of seeing the 
nature of the Country North of Georgetown, and all along the upper Road, I re- 
solved to pass through Fredericktown in Marj-land — & Y'ork & Lancaster in Penn- 
sylvania & accordingly — Breakfasted at a small village called Williamsburgh in 
which stands theCt House of Montgomerie County (Maryland) 14 M from George 
Town — dined at one Peter's tavern 20 Miles further — and arrived at Frederick town 
about sundown — the whole distance 43 miles." — Washington's Diary. 

Fro7n Claypoole's Daily Advertiser, July g, ijgr. 

" Frederick-Town, July 5. — On Thursday evening last (June 30) at twenty five 
minutes past seven o'clock, the President of the United States, accompanied by his 
Secretary Major Jackson, arrived in this town from Mount Vernon,